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Craig N Czyz, Amy M Fowler, Jonathan J Dutton, Kenneth V Cahill, Jill A Foster, Robert H Hill, Kelly R Everman, Cameron B Nabavi
BACKGROUND: Dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) can be performed via an external or endoscopic approach. The use of ultrasonic or piezosurgery has been well described for endoscopic DCRs but is lacking for external DCRs. This study presents a case series of external DCRs performed using piezosurgery evaluating results and complications. METHODS: Prospective, consecutive case series of patients undergoing primary external DCR for lacrimal drainage insufficiency. A standard external DCR technique was used using 1 of 2 piezosurgery systems for all bone incision...
October 5, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Hyun Jin Shin, Kyung In Woo, Yoon-Duck Kim
OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors associated with rhinostomy shape after endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) in patients with primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction. DESIGN: Retrospective comparative study. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 102 cases in 70 patients were included in the study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: All cases were classified into three groups according to the healed appearance of the rhinostomy: flat, ladle, and ice scoop type...
October 11, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
Xiuming Jin, Fangli Fan, Fan Zhang, Yingying Zhao, Renjian Hu
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of chronic suppurative lacrimal canaliculitis treatment using chalazion forceps. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective study was performed on consecutive patients who accepted the aid of chalazion forceps to treat chronic suppurative lacrimal canaliculitis. Two different treatment methods using chalazion forceps were performed according to the degree of lacrimal canaliculitis. Postoperatively, the patients received 0...
August 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
R Green, R Gohil, P Ross
BACKGROUND: Historically dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) has been performed externally with very good outcomes. Current literature shows comparable success rates between endonasal and external approaches. A common reason for the failure of a DCR is the reclosure of the nasolacrimal stoma by granulation tissue and synechiae. OBJECTIVE OF REVIEW: A systematic review and critical evaluation of the evidence relating to the preservation of nasal mucosal flaps in DCR surgery...
September 23, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
Mark R Levine, Shane B Seipel, Thomas P Plesec, Bryan R Costin
A 67-year-old male with a 35-year history of left-sided epiphora presented with a nonpainful, noninflamed, left medial canthal mass and complete left nasolacrimal obstruction. During routine dacryocystorhinostomy, a lesion was present within the lacrimal sac that mimicked a lacrimal stone in appearance but with a consistency concerning for malignancy. Histologically, the lesion displayed apple-green birefringence on polarized light microscopy and Congo red staining. The patient was referred to the hematology service for evaluation, which failed to reveal systemic disease...
September 21, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Emad Abdelaal Elsawaby, Rania Assem El Essawy, Sameh Hassan Abdelbaky, Yomna Magdy Ismail
PURPOSE: Evaluation of efficiency, complications, and advantages of pushed monocanalicular intubation using Masterka(®) tube versus simple probing in patients with congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a case-controlled study that included 60 eyes (of 53 patients); 30 eyes underwent probing and 30 eyes intubation using the Masterka tube as a primary treatment for CNLDO. The children were aged between 6 months and 36 months at the time of surgery, with no previous nasolacrimal surgical procedure, and had one or more of the following clinical signs of nasolacrimal duct obstruction: epiphora, mucous discharge, and/or increased tear lake...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
Milap Raikundalia, Peter F Svider, Curtis Hanba, Adam J Folbe, Mahdi A Shkoukani, Soly Baredes, Jean Anderson Eloy
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Our objectives included using a nationally representative resource to evaluate charges, demographics, and complication rates among diabetics undergoing surgical repair of facial fractures. METHODS: We evaluated the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, a database encompassing nearly 8 million hospitalizations, for patients with a diagnosis of a facial fracture who underwent surgical intervention during their hospitalization. Patients were organized by whether they had a diagnosis of diabetes mellitus (DM)...
September 23, 2016: Laryngoscope
Mahmut Oğuz Ulusoy, Sertaç Argun Kıvanç, Mehmet Atakan, Berna Akova-Budak
Purpose. There are several etiological factors that cause epiphora, and treatment differs according to the cause. We aimed to evaluate the etiology of epiphora and the treatment modalities of the affected patients. Materials and Methods. Data of patients who were referred to ophthalmology clinics for epiphora were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were evaluated for epiphora etiology, treatment modalities, and duration of complaints, after complete ophthalmologic examination. Results. This study consisted of 163 patients with a mean age of 64...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Jongyeop Park, Hochang Kim
PURPOSE: To introduce a new procedure, the Pre-Sac Reflux Test (PSRT), to screen for epiphora caused by presaccal stenosis/obstruction, and to determine the reliability of this new test in the diagnosis of presaccal stenosis/obstruction. METHODS: A nonrandomized, prospective, comparative case series of 280 eyes of 140 patients with unilateral presaccal stenosis/obstruction was performed. The PSRT was performed by a masked examiner on both eyes of each patient. After fluorescein staining, the lower lid was everted and lower punctum was observed using a cobalt-blue filter under slit-lamp magnification...
October 2016: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Adriaan D Coumou, Stijn W Genders, Trudy M Smid, Peerooz Saeed
PURPOSE: To report our experience in endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy in treating nasolacrimal duct obstruction over a 14-year period. METHODS: Retrospective case series carried out over a 14-year period from 1999 to 2014. A total of 624 endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy procedures were performed in 442 patients who were diagnosed with persistent epiphora. PARTICIPANTS: In total, 624 procedures in a total of 442 patients (<18 yo: 36 and >18 yo: 406) were included...
August 29, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
Khami Satchi, Alan A McNab
Patients with conjunctival cicatrizing disease may develop lacrimal obstruction. Little is published on lacrimal obstruction as the presenting feature of otherwise asymptomatic cicatrizing conjunctival disease. The records of all patients presenting between 1994 and 2015 with lacrimal obstruction found to have cicatrizing conjunctival disease were reviewed. Demographic details, clinical findings, disease progression and treatment were analyzed. Thirty-five patients (25 female), aged 43-91 years (median 74, mean 71...
August 25, 2016: Orbit
Tarjani Vivek Dave, Faraz Ali Mohammed, Mohammad Javed Ali, Milind N Naik
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the etiological factors contributing to the failure of a dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective review was performed in 100 consecutive patients who were diagnosed with anatomically failed DCR at presentation to a tertiary care hospital over a 5-year period from 2010 to 2015. Patient records were reviewed for demographic data, type of past surgery, preoperative endoscopic findings, previous use of adjuvants such as intubation and mitomycin C, and intraoperative notes during the re-revision...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
Nilay Yuksel, Emine Akcay, Aydan Kilicarslan, Umut Ozen, Faruk Ozturk
To present a case with recurrent dacryocystitis as an unusual complication of medial orbital wall fracture repair with cartilage tissue graft. A 20-year-old male had facial trauma and underwent surgery to reconstruct right medial orbital wall fracture. During follow-up, he presented with continuous epiphora, mucopurulent discharge from the right eye. A thorough history taking indicated that medial orbital fracture was reconstructed with postauricular cartilage. We planned a standard external dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR)...
July 2016: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
Gültekin Övet, Yasar Sakarya, Mehmet Şentürk
OBJECTIVE: The primary surgical procedure for nasolacrimal duct obstruction is dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR). The purpose of this study was to compare non-laser endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (NL-EnDCR) and transcanalicular diode laser-supported endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (TDLS-EnDCR). MATERIALS AND METHOD: The data of patients who underwent DCR with the diagnosis of epiphora and chronic dacryocystitis between the years 2010 and 2016 were examined retrospectively...
July 12, 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Aaron Jamison, Kevin Crofts, Fiona Roberts, Maria Elena Gregory
This article reports a presentation of lacrimal sac rhinosporidiosis and informs the reader of this uncommon but important diagnosis. A 36-year-old man from Pakistan presented with a 3-month history of swelling at the nasal aspect of the left lower lid. This was associated with occasional crepitus and slight localised discomfort, but no epiphora. There was a palpable fullness near the left medial canthus associated with telecanthus but a normal sac washout and normal eye examination otherwise. Previous medical history included an ipsilateral nasal polypectomy and inferior meatal antrostomy around 10 years previously, whilst living in Pakistan...
October 2016: Orbit
R Sahemey, A T Warfield, S Ahmed
Osteomas are the most common benign osteoclastic tumours of the paranasal sinuses. However, nasal cavity and turbinate osteomas are extremely rare. Only nine middle turbinate, three inferior turbinate and one inferior turbinate osteoma cases have been reported to date. The present case report describes the management and follow-up of symptomatic bilateral inferior turbinate osteoma.A 60-year-old female presented with symptoms of bilateral nasal obstruction and right-sided epiphora. Radiological investigation found hypertrophic bony changes involving both inferior turbinates...
2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Swati Singh, Mohammad Javed Ali, Milind N Naik
Incomplete punctal canalization is a form of punctal dysgenesis with membranous noncanalization and can be confused with punctal agenesis. The clinical and diagnostic features are known; however, familial incomplete punctal canalization has not been reported earlier. A family with 3 affected members is presented in this series with similar incomplete punctal canalization and nasolacrimal duct obstructions. After membranotomy and endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy with bicanalicular intubation, all of them are free of epiphora at last visit...
August 16, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Kapil Mishra, Karen Y Hu, Saurabh Kamal, Aleza Andron, Robert C Della Rocca, Mohammad Javed Ali, Akshay Gopinathan Nair
PURPOSE: To review and summarize the clinical features, presentations, diagnostic modalities and management of dacryolithiasis. METHODS: A comprehensive PubMed search of all English articles on dacryolithiasis was reviewed. Although this review primarily relied on articles written in English, non-English-language articles that had abstracts translated into English were also reviewed. Data reviewed included epidemiology, pathogenesis, appearance and composition, clinical features, presentations, diagnostic modalities, management of dacryolithiasis and the implications of incidental dacryoliths found during lacrimal surgery...
August 16, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Domenico Otranto, Vito Colella, Giuseppe Crescenzo, Fabrizio Solari Basano, Roberto Nazzari, Gioia Capelli, Gabriele Petry, Roland Schaper, Matthias Pollmeier, Egidio Mallia, Filipe Dantas-Torres, Riccardo Paolo Lia
Thelazia callipaeda (Spirurida, Thelaziidae) has been documented as agent of ocular infection in domestic animals (dogs and cats), wildlife (e.g., foxes, hares, rabbits), and humans. In the last two decades, this parasitosis has been increasingly reported in several European countries. Both adult and larval stages of the eyeworm are responsible for symptoms ranging from mild (e.g., lacrimation, ocular discharge, epiphora) to severe (e.g., conjunctivitis, keratitis, and corneal opacity or ulcers). The present study evaluated the clinical efficacy and safety of imidacloprid 10% and moxidectin 2...
August 30, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
Eric S Ahn, Roger A Dailey, Bryce Radmall
PURPOSE: To describe success rates and long-term outcomes of conjunctivodacryocystorhinostomy (CDCR) with frosted Jones tubes (FJT) for epiphora with proximal outflow obstruction. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of all patients undergoing external and endoscopic CDCR with FJTs by one author (RAD) was performed between January 1, 2006 and November 1, 2014 at the Casey Eye Institute. Patient demographics, etiology of tearing, concurrent endonasal and eyelid procedures, and FJT size were recorded...
August 4, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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