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Yuki Mawatari, Mikiko Fukushima
PURPOSE: This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of processed images to predict postoperative appearance following levator resection. METHODS: Analysis involved 109 eyes from 65 patients with blepharoptosis who underwent advancement of levator aponeurosis and Müller's muscle complex (levator resection). Predictive images were prepared from preoperative photographs using the image processing software (Adobe Photoshop(®)). Images of selected eyes were digitally enlarged in an appropriate manner and shown to patients prior to surgery...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
Ji-Sun Paik, Su-Ah Kim, Shin Hae Park, Suk-Woo Yang
BACKGROUND: We examined the effect of surgical repair on the pattern of refractive errors in Korean patients with congenital blepharoptosis. METHODS: We reviewed the clinical records of 54 patients with congenital blepharoptosis who attended our hospital from 2006 to 2012 and underwent a detailed refractive examination before and after ptosis repair surgery. Among them, 21 of the patients whose refractive data was available for both before and after the surgery were included in order to observe the effect of ptosis repair surgery on refractive error characteristics...
October 8, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
Weng Sut Sio, Shwu-Huey Lee, I-Chia Liang
Vision loss following sclerotherapy for facial vascular malformations (VMs) is a rare but detrimental complication. Here, we report a case of an 11-year-old boy with acute onset blepharoptosis, ophthalmoplegia, and blindness in his right eye after the 14 th sclerotherapy session (percutaneous intralesional injection of sodium tetradecyl sulfate) for a right facial low-flow VM without orbital involvement. Computed tomography angiography revealed no contrast enhancement in the right ophthalmic artery, superior ophthalmic vein, or extraocular muscles...
August 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Elena Pacella, Daniele Mipatrini, Fernanda Pacella, Giulia Amorelli, Andrea Bottone, Gianpaolo Smaldone, Paolo Turchetti, Giuseppe La Torre
BACKGROUND: Frontalis suspension surgery is considered the procedure of choice in cases of blepharoptosis. Among all the materials used in this type of surgery, ophthalmic and plastic surgeons prefer to use autologous Fascia Lata. However, during years, other autogenous and exogenous materials have been introduced. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was therefore that of systematically reviewing the functional results and the rate of complications of different synthetic materials, as compared to autogenous Fascia Lata...
2016: PloS One
César A Briceño, Molly L Fuller, Elizabeth A Bradley, Christine C Nelson
PURPOSE: To evaluate the Abbreviated National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI VFQ 9), which is shorter than those previously published, as a tool for assessing vision-related quality of life in patients with ptosis and dermatochalasis. METHODS: This is a cohort study of 46 patients who underwent blepharoptosis and/or upper eyelid blepharoplasty surgery by a single surgeon (CN) in 2013 in a public, academic, ambulatory care referral center. Patients included 29 who underwent blepharoplasty, 11 who underwent ptosis surgery, and 6 who underwent combined surgery...
July 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Shungo Furudoi, Takashi Yoshii, Takahide Komori
We describe a patient with oculomotor nerve palsy due to secondary orbital infiltration from the primary malignant lymphoma of the cheek. The patient was a 78-year-old female who had non-Hodgkin lymphoma (diffuse large B cell lymphoma [DLBCL]) of the cheek. The patient received chemotherapy and local radiation therapy. The combined treatment brought about complete remission. About 6 months after the last treatment the patient began to have left blepharoptosis and impaired vision. Findings from ophthalmological and neurosurgical examinations suggested no intraorbital or intracranial lesions...
2016: Kobe Journal of Medical Sciences
Tanuj Nakra, Sara Modjtahedi, Ivan Vrcek, Ronald Mancini, Stan Saulny, Robert A Goldberg
This article evaluates the effect of upper eyelid blepharoplasty on eyelid margin position and brow height. This study is a retrospective analysis of patients who underwent upper eyelid blepharoplasty without concurrent blepharoptosis repair or brow surgery. The medical records of the participants were retrospectively reviewed and an established image analysis software was used to quantify the upper margin reflex distance (MRD1) as well as brow height using high quality standardized clinical photographs. A total of 19 patients (38 eyelids and brows) met the inclusion criteria...
August 25, 2016: Orbit
Ken Matsubara, Harushi Mori, Nozomi Hirai, Kumi Yasukawa, Takafumi Honda, Jun-Ichi Takanashi
MRI in a 2-year-old female presenting afebrile seizures and left blepharoptosis revealed multiple well-marginated round-shaped lesions, isointensity to gray matter on T1- and T2-weighted images with homogenously reduced diffusion and diffuse contrast enhancement. MRS revealed elevation of taurine, choline and glutamate, and reduction of N-acetylaspartate. A brain biopsy confirmed a diagnosis of juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG). JXG should be considered when MR spectroscopy shows elevated taurine and glutamate, which has only previously been reported in medulloblastomas...
November 2016: Brain & Development
Rakesh M Patel, Vinay K Aakalu, Pete Setabutr, Allen M Putterman
PURPOSE: To determine if Muller's muscle and conjunctiva resection with or without tarsectomy is an efficacious procedure for the treatment of severe involutional blepharoptosis. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed for all consecutive patients with severe involutional blepharoptosis during a 12-year period treated by a single surgeon (AMP) with a Muller's muscle and conjunctiva resection with or without tarsectomy. The inclusion criteria was good levator function (≥10 mm eyelid excursion), adequate response to phenylephrine (change in eyelid height ≥1...
July 13, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Aleksandra Iljin, Andrzej Zieliński, Edward Lewandowicz, Bogusław Antoszewski, Tomasz Zieliński
UNLABELLED: The aim of the study was evaluation of the results of surgical treatment of congenital blepharoptosis (CBP) using Mustarde's modified method. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between 2005-2014 forty eight children with CBP underwent surgical correction of CBP by Mustarde's modified method. Basing on the results of ophthalmic and orthoptic examination, and standard measurements, we estimated postoperative difference in the position and symmetry of the upper eyelids, and postoperative complications in our patients...
May 1, 2016: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
Youngje Sung, Jong Seo Park, Helen Lew
PURPOSE: To investigate the functional and cosmetic outcomes of the modified frontalis sling operation using silicone rod with two-point brow incisions. METHODS: A retrospective medical record review of 17 patients who underwent frontalis suspension surgery was performed. Functional outcomes were measured using habitual margin reflex distance. Cosmetic outcomes were investigated with contour analysis and a Patient Scar Assessment Questionnaire. RESULTS: At the final visit, good and fair eyelid heights were achieved in 75% of patients in the unilateral group and 61...
July 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Zhengyong Li, Junliang Wu, Ying Cen, Zhenyu Zhang, Zhixing Chen, Junjie Chen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of an arc-shaped frontalis aponeurosis flap for the treatment of moderate to severe blepharoptosis. METHODS: Between January 2011 and December 2014, 80 cases (140 eyes) of moderate to severe blepharoptosis were treated, including 31 males and 49 females with a median age of 16 years (range, 6-45 years). One eye was involved in 20 cases and both eyes in 60 cases. Upper eyelid ptosis degree ranged from 3 to 6 mm (average, 5 mm) when looking at the front horizontally...
April 2016: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Rikiya Tamaki, Masahiko Gosho, Kyoichi Mizumoto, Nahoko Kato, Masahiro Zako
BACKGROUND: Ptosis incidence following cataract surgery is reduced with a recently developed phacoemulsification technique using a small incision. However, it remains uncertain whether an upper transconjunctival sclerocorneal incision can cause minor blepharoptosis. In the present prospective study, patients underwent cataract surgery with either an upper or temporal 2.4-mm transconjunctival sclerocorneal incision. We measured the marginal reflex distance 1 (MRD1) preoperatively and postoperatively, and compared these measurements between the two different incision types...
2016: BMC Ophthalmology
A Goldman, U Wollina, G Tchernev, A A Chokoeva, T Lotti
Congenital melanocytic nevi can be stigmatising for the patient. Larger nevi bear an increased risk for melanoma development. Large congenital melanocytic nevi may be a symptom of neurocutaneous melanosis. We report on a 5-year-old boy with an extensive hair-bearing facial congenital melanocytic nevus, covering forehead, glabella and temple region associated with unilateral brow and blepharoptosis. The lesion was excised en bloc. The resulting defect had been closed by full thickness skin graft. Healing was unremarkable and long-term follow-up over 13 years demonstrated a satisfying esthetic and functional outcome...
April 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Alicia Galindo-Ferreiro, Patricia Santello Akaishi, Mohammad Al-Aliwi, Eric Niespodzany, Alberto Gálvez-Ruiz, Antonio Augusto Velasco Cruz
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the efficacy of total Tenon-conjunctival flaps (TCFs) for coverage of phthisical eyes with normal corneal sensitivity. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on 142 patients with mild monocular phthisis who underwent the TCF procedure to allow monocular scleral shell fitting at the King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. All patients had normal corneal sensation in their painless phthisical eye and were intolerant to cosmetic scleral shell fitting preoperatively...
July 1, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
Jordan Spindle, Sunny X Tang, Brett Davies, Edward J Wladis, Elena Piozzi, Marco Pellegrini, Sara E Lally, Carol Shields, Roman Shinder
PURPOSE: Pediatric idiopathic orbital inflammation (IOI) is a rare entity with little known about the clinical presentation and natural history. The authors report the demographics, clinical presentations, radiographic and histopathologic characteristics, and treatment outcome of 30 children with IOI. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of 30 patients 18 years and younger diagnosed with IOI and statistical analysis using analysis of variance and Fisher's exact test...
July 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Samira Yadegari
Blepharoptosis or drooping of upper eye lid is a common, but non-specific sign of neurological diseases which sometimes could herald a life-threatening disorder. First, the diagnosis of ptosis should be established by considering four clinical measurements: palpebral fissure height, marginal reflex distance, upper eyelid crease, and levator function test. The diagnostic categories of ptosis are scheduled as pseudo-ptosis, congenital, and acquired ptosis. Acquired causes include mechanical, myogenic, neuromuscular, neurogenic, and cerebral...
October 2016: Neurological Sciences
Ali Mokhtarzadeh, Elizabeth A Bradley
PURPOSE: To report the long-term outcomes of childhood ptosis surgery in a population-based setting over a 46-year period. METHODS: In this population-based cohort study, the medical records of all patients who were residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota, diagnosed as having blepharoptosis and having undergone surgical management prior to 19 years of age (between January 1, 1965, and December 31, 2010), were retrospectively reviewed. Age at time of surgery, type of surgery, duration of follow-up, number and nature of revisions, degree of amblyopia, and postoperative lagophthalmos and dry eye were documented...
July 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Aysun Sanal Dogan, Gölge Acaroglu, Ozlem Dikmetas
A 52-year-old male patient presented to our hospital with a history of secondary hypertrophic osteoarthropathy (HOA) associated with an abdominal neoplasia and blepharoptosis. He had finger clubbing, hyperhidrosis, and hypertrichosis. He also had a recent history of extensive abdominal surgery with a pathology report of myelolipoma. Routine blood work was unremarkable. Upper eyelid reconstruction with blepharoplasty, upper eyelid wedge resection, and brow suspension was performed to address his eyelid concerns...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Nicholas S Mastronikolis, Sofia P Spiliopoulou, Vassiliki Zolota, Theodoros A Papadas
Horner's syndrome is characterized by a combination of ipsilateral miosis, blepharoptosis, enophthalmos, facial anhidrosis, and iris heterochromia in existence of congenital lesions. The syndrome results from a disruption of the ipsilateral sympathetic innervation of the eye and ocular adnexa at different levels. Though rare, thyroid and neck surgery could be considered as possible causes of this clinical entity. We present a case of Horner's syndrome in a patient after total thyroidectomy and neck dissection for medullary thyroid cancer with neck nodal disease and attempt a brief review of the relevant literature...
2016: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
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