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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672405/necrotizing-soft-tissue-infection-diagnostic-accuracy-of-physical-examination-imaging-and-lrinec-score-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Shannon M Fernando, Alexandre Tran, Wei Cheng, Bram Rochwerg, Kwadwo Kyeremanteng, Andrew J E Seely, Kenji Inaba, Jeffrey J Perry
OBJECTIVE: We sought to summarize accuracy of physical examination, imaging, and Laboratory Risk Indicator for Necrotizing Fasciitis (LRINEC) score in diagnosis of necrotizing soft tissue infection (NSTI) in adults with a soft tissue infection clinically concerning for NSTI. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: NSTI is a life-threatening diagnosis. Delay to diagnosis and surgical management is associated with increased mortality. METHODS: We searched 6 databases from inception through November 2017...
April 18, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671643/differences-in-praxis-performance-and-receptive-language-during-fingerspelling-between-deaf-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
Anjana N Bhat, Sudha M Srinivasan, Colleen Woxholdt, Aaron Shield
Children with autism spectrum disorder present with a variety of social communication deficits such as atypicalities in social gaze and verbal and non-verbal communication delays as well as perceptuo-motor deficits like motor incoordination and dyspraxia. In this study, we had the unique opportunity to study praxis performance in deaf children with and without autism spectrum disorder in a fingerspelling context using American Sign Language. A total of 11 deaf children with autism spectrum disorder and 11 typically developing deaf children aged between 5 and 14 years completed a fingerspelling task...
April 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668026/nicu-graduates-the-role-of-the-allied-health-team-in-follow-up
#3
Jane L Orton, Joy E Olsen, Katherine Ong, Rochelle Lester, Alicia J Spittle
Infants who graduate from the neonatal intensive care unit, including those infants born preterm and/or with brain injury, are at increased risk of long-term neurodevelopmental impairments. The developmental allied health team, consisting of physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech pathology, is crucial in early evaluation of gross motor, fine motor, feeding, and language development. Surveillance of neurodevelopment in the first year of life is essential to ensure early detection of specific developmental delays and impairments, and to ensure timely referral for early intervention...
April 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666354/double-trisomy-xxx-21-karyotype-in-a-six-year-old-girl-with-down-phenotype
#4
Laura Daniela Vergara-Mendez, Claudia Talero-Gutiérrez, Alberto Velez-Van-Meerbeke
We describe a case of a six-year-old girl who presents multiple dysmorphic features characteristic of Down's syndrome. She has a significant general developmental delay, with a score that correspond to 32 months of developmental age. This delay is especially in language, with a very scant vocabulary. She communicates with some hand sign words or pointing, although her auditory responses in hearing test were normal. Two previous karyotype studies showed 47, XXX, +21 anomalies. This double trisomy is a rare condition described in isolated cases in the literature and none of these refers to the developmental aspects of these children (Balwan et al...
March 2018: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666323/schinzel-giedion-syndrome-a-novel-case-review-and-revised-diagnostic-criteria
#5
Wei-Liang Liu, Zhi-Xu He, Fang Li, Rong Ai, Hong-Wei Ma
Schinzel-Giedion syndrome (SGS) is a rare autosomal dominant inheritance disorder. Heterozygous de novo mutations in the SETBP1 gene have been identified as the genetic cause of SGS. Here, we report a novel case with the syndrome with a novel insertion mutation in SETBP1. We also present a review of SGS cases, and first revise diagnostic criteria of SGS based on clinicalfindings and/or SETBP1 mutation worldwide. A revised diagnostic criteria and typing of SGS can be determined. Type I (complex and classic type) SGS patients present a development delay and typical facial features (prominent forehead, midface retraction, and short and upturned nose) associated with hydronephrosis or two of the characteristic skeletal anomalies (a sclerotic skull base, wideoccipital synchondrosis, increased cortical density or thickness, and broad ribs)...
March 2018: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661239/neonatal-care-practices-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-data
#6
REVIEW
Margaret Bee, Anushree Shiroor, Zelee Hill
BACKGROUND: Recommended immediate newborn care practices include thermal care (immediate drying and wrapping, skin-to-skin contact after delivery, delayed bathing), hygienic cord care and early initiation of breastfeeding. This paper systematically reviews quantitative and qualitative data from sub-Saharan Africa on the prevalence of key immediate newborn care practices and the factors that influence them. METHODS: Studies were identified by searching relevant databases and websites, contacting national and international academics and implementers and hand-searching reference lists of included articles...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661217/barriers-to-access-and-utilization-of-emergency-obstetric-care-at-health-facilities-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review-protocol
#7
Ayele Geleto, Catherine Chojenta, Abdulbasit Mussa, Deborah Loxton
BACKGROUND: Nearly 15% of all pregnancies end in fatal perinatal obstetric complications including bleeding, infections, hypertension, obstructed labor, and complications of abortion. Between 1990 and 2015, an estimated 10.7 million women died due to obstetric complications. Almost all of these deaths (99%) happened in developing countries, and 66% of maternal deaths were attributed to sub-Saharan Africa. The majority of cases of maternal mortalities can be prevented through provision of evidence-based potentially life-saving signal functions of emergency obstetric care...
April 16, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661042/identification-and-drawing-of-early-concepts-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-children-without-disability
#8
John W McCarthy, Joann P Benigno, Jamie Broach, Jamie B Boster, Bridget M Wright
This comparative study is a replication and extension of previous work related to children's drawings of early concepts. In all, 15 children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and 19 children without disability took part in the study, and were video recorded as they drew 10 early emerging concepts such as "eat" and "more." In a second task, the participants were asked to label Picture Communication Symbols conventionally used in augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) systems. Descriptive, correlational, and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data...
April 16, 2018: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660962/return-to-learn-transitioning-to-school-and-through-ascending-levels-of-academic-support-for-students-following-a-concussion
#9
Karen McAvoy, Brenda Eagan-Johnson, Mark Halstead
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to familiarize healthcare providers and parents with educational language, laws, and processes as they relate to a comprehensive ascending level of academic supports as it pertains to promoting a smooth and supported transition to school following a concussion. BACKGROUND: Returning to learn (RTL) following a concussion is of parallel importance to returning to sport (RTS). A successful RTL is a critical part of concussion management...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652165/exploring-the-predictors-of-emergency-department-triage-acuity-assignment-in-patients-with-sepsis
#10
Leon Petruniak, Maher El-Masri, Susan Fox-Wasylyshyn
Background and purpose Evidence suggests that septic patients, who require prompt medical attention, may be undertriaged, resulting in delayed treatment. The purpose of this study was to examine patient and contextual variables that contribute to high- versus low-acuity triage classification of patients with sepsis. Methods Data were abstracted from the medical records of 154 adult patients with sepsis admitted to hospital through a Canadian Emergency Department. Logistic regression was used to explore the predictors of triage classification...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche en Sciences Infirmières
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651362/permanent-unilateral-hearing-loss-uhl-and-childhood-development
#11
REVIEW
Judith E C Lieu
Purpose of Review: The aim of this study is to summarize the consequences of permanent unilateral hearing loss (UHL) on the development of children as documented in the recent literature. Recent Findings: Congenital and early-identified UHL places young children at risk for delays in speech-language development. School-aged children with UHL score lower on standardized tests of language and cognition and need increased assistance in school for educational and behavioral issues than siblings with normal hearing, and report lower hearing-related quality of life, similar to children with bilateral hearing loss (HL)...
2018: Current Otorhinolaryngology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649039/barriers-to-rehabilitation-care-in-pediatric-cochlear-implant-recipients
#12
Bryce Noblitt, Kristan P Alfonso, Margaret Adkins, Matthew L Bush
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess barriers to rehabilitation care for pediatric cochlear implant (CI) recipients. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional questionnaire study. SETTING: Tertiary medical center. PATIENTS: Parents of children who received a CI from October 1996 to June 2013. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Factors related to access to and barriers in audiology and speech therapy services, factors related to CI use, and performance with CI using the Parents' Evaluation of Aural/Oral Performance of Children (PEACH)...
April 11, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627811/global-epidemiology-and-patterns-of-cerebral-venous-thrombosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#13
Celestin Danwang, Temgoua Ngou Mazou, Joël Noutakdie Tochie, Ronni Tankeu, Jean Joel Bigna
INTRODUCTION: Venous thrombosis can affect all veins in the body including cerebral veins, where it causes cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT). CVT is an aetiology of stroke, particularly in children and young adults. Its clinical features vary widely according to the occluded vessel. Data concerning the epidemiology of CVT are scant. This protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis aims to critically synthesise data concerning prevalence, incidence, risk factors, anatomical patterns, diagnostic and therapeutic delays, and mortality rate of CVT in the global population...
April 7, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623542/parenting-stress-plays-a-mediating-role-in-the-prediction-of-early-child-development-from-both-parents-perinatal-depressive-symptoms
#14
Eivor Fredriksen, Tilmann von Soest, Lars Smith, Vibeke Moe
Maternal postnatal depression has been associated with a broad range of developmental risk among children. However, there has been less focus on disentangling the effects of pre- and postnatal depressive symptoms, as well as examining the symptoms of both parents. This study aims to investigate the separate effects of pre- and postnatal depressive symptoms in mothers and fathers, and parents' differential effects on child social-emotional, cognitive, and language development at 18 months of age. Further, we investigate whether effects of depressive symptomatology on child outcomes are particularly strong when both parents evinced high symptom loads and whether parenting stress mediates associations between perinatal depressive symptoms and child developmental outcomes...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623531/initial-evaluation-of-the-validity-and-reliability-of-the-culturally-adapted-spanish-casun-s-casun
#15
Dinorah Martinez Tyson, Patricia Medina-Ramirez, Coralia Vázquez-Otero, Clement K Gwede, Margarita Bobonis Babilonia, Susan C McMillan
PURPOSE: There is a dearth of knowledge and limited research on the needs of Hispanic male cancer survivors (HMCSs). There is a clear need for the development of culturally and linguistically adapted needs assessment tools that are valid and reliable for use among the growing HMCS population. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to describe the field testing and psychometric evaluation of the translated and culturally adapted Spanish Cancer Survivor Unmet Needs Measure (S-CaSUN). METHODS: Hispanic male cancer survivors (n = 84) completed the Spanish CaSUN (S-CaSUN), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General Population (FACT-GP)...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618507/further-delineation-of-the-mecp2-duplication-syndrome-phenotype-in-59-french-male-patients-with-a-particular-focus-on-morphological-and-neurological-features
#16
Marguerite Miguet, Laurence Faivre, Jeanne Amiel, Mathilde Nizon, Renaud Touraine, Fabienne Prieur, Laurent Pasquier, Mathilde Lefebvre, Julien Thevenon, Christèle Dubourg, Sophie Julia, Catherine Sarret, Ganaëlle Remerand, Christine Francannet, Fanny Laffargue, Odile Boespflug-Tanguy, Albert David, Bertrand Isidor, Jacqueline Vigneron, Bruno Leheup, Laetitia Lambert, Christophe Philippe, Mylène Béri-Dexheimer, Jean-Marie Cuisset, Joris Andrieux, Ghislaine Plessis, Annick Toutain, Laurent Guibaud, Valérie Cormier-Daire, Marlene Rio, Jean-Paul Bonnefont, Bernard Echenne, Hubert Journel, Lydie Burglen, Sandrine Chantot-Bastaraud, Thierry Bienvenu, Clarisse Baumann, Laurence Perrin, Séverine Drunat, Pierre-Simon Jouk, Klaus Dieterich, Françoise Devillard, Didier Lacombe, Nicole Philip, Sabine Sigaudy, Anne Moncla, Chantal Missirian, Catherine Badens, Nathalie Perreton, Christel Thauvin-Robinet, Réseau AChro-Puce, Jean-Michel Pedespan, Caroline Rooryck, Cyril Goizet, Catherine Vincent-Delorme, Bénédicte Duban-Bedu, Nadia Bahi-Buisson, Alexandra Afenjar, Kim Maincent, Delphine Héron, Jean-Luc Alessandri, Dominique Martin-Coignard, Gaëtan Lesca, Massimiliano Rossi, Martine Raynaud, Patrick Callier, Anne-Laure Mosca-Boidron, Nathalie Marle, Charles Coutton, Véronique Satre, Cédric Le Caignec, Valérie Malan, Serge Romana, Boris Keren, Anne-Claude Tabet, Valérie Kremer, Sophie Scheidecker, Adeline Vigouroux, Marilyn Lackmy-Port-Lis, Damien Sanlaville, Marianne Till, Maryline Carneiro, Brigitte Gilbert-Dussardier, Marjolaine Willems, Hilde Van Esch, Vincent Des Portes, Salima El Chehadeh
The Xq28 duplication involving the MECP2 gene ( MECP2 duplication) has been mainly described in male patients with severe developmental delay (DD) associated with spasticity, stereotypic movements and recurrent infections. Nevertheless, only a few series have been published. We aimed to better describe the phenotype of this condition, with a focus on morphological and neurological features. Through a national collaborative study, we report a large French series of 59 affected males with interstitial MECP2 duplication...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616235/effect-of-water-quality-sanitation-hand-washing-and-nutritional-interventions-on-child-development-in-rural-bangladesh-wash-benefits-bangladesh-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Fahmida Tofail, Lia Ch Fernald, Kishor K Das, Mahbubur Rahman, Tahmeed Ahmed, Kaniz K Jannat, Leanne Unicomb, Benjamin F Arnold, Sania Ashraf, Peter J Winch, Patricia Kariger, Christine P Stewart, John M Colford, Stephen P Luby
Background: Poor nutrition and hygiene make children vulnerable to delays in growth and development. We aimed to assess the effects of water quality, sanitation, handwashing, and nutritional interventions individually or in combination on the cognitive, motor, and language development of children in rural Bangladesh. Methods: In this cluster-randomised controlled trial, we enrolled pregnant women in their first or second trimester from rural villages of Gazipur, Kishoreganj, Mymensingh, and Tangail districts of central Bangladesh, with an average of eight women per cluster...
April 2018: Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611405/vocalization-of-emotional-and-social-expressions-in-korean-speaking-toddlers-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-those-with-developmental-delay
#18
Kyung Sook Lee, Yee Jin Shin, Hee Jeong Yoo, Gui Jong Lee, Jeong Ryu, Oweol Son, Sook Whan Cho
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the development of socializing and emotional expressions through vocalizations and joint attention (JA) behaviors in Korean-speaking children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), compared to those with developmental delay (DD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Video samples were collected from 28 toddlers with ASD and 18 age-matched toddlers with DD, and vocalizations were each coded in detail for the purpose of this retrospective research...
May 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611130/understanding-the-disease-course-and-therapeutic-benefit-of-tafamidis-across-real-world-studies-of-hereditary-transthyretin-amyloidosis-with-polyneuropathy-a-proof-of-concept-for-integrative-data-analytic-approaches
#19
Daniel Serrano, Christopher B Atzinger, Marc F Botteman
INTRODUCTION: Hereditary transthyretin (TTR) amyloidosis with polyneuropathy (hATTR-PN) is a rare, autosomal dominant amyloidosis characterized primarily by progressive ascending sensorimotor neuropathy often associated with  autonomic involvement. hATTR-PN is caused by a mutation in the TTR gene leading to protein misfolding and amyloid accumulation in peripheral nerves and vital organs. The latest global prevalence estimates point to 10,000 cases worldwide, with an upper end of about 40,000...
April 2, 2018: Neurology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610055/language-function-in-childhood-idiopathic-epilepsy-syndromes
#20
D C Jackson, J E Jones, D A Hsu, C E Stafstrom, J J Lin, D Almane, M A Koehn, M Seidenberg, B P Hermann
PURPOSE: To examine the impact of diverse syndromes of focal and generalized epilepsy on language function in children with new and recent onset epilepsy. Of special interest was the degree of shared language abnormality across epilepsy syndromes and the unique effects associated with specific epilepsy syndromes. METHODS: Participants were 136 youth with new or recent-onset (diagnosis within past 12 months) epilepsy and 107 healthy first-degree cousin controls...
March 30, 2018: Brain and Language
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