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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102620/when-does-speech-sound-disorder-matter-for-literacy-the-role-of-disordered-speech-errors-co-occurring-language-impairment-and-family-risk-of-dyslexia
#1
Marianna E Hayiou-Thomas, Julia M Carroll, Ruth Leavett, Charles Hulme, Margaret J Snowling
BACKGROUND: This study considers the role of early speech difficulties in literacy development, in the context of additional risk factors. METHOD: Children were identified with speech sound disorder (SSD) at the age of 3½ years, on the basis of performance on the Diagnostic Evaluation of Articulation and Phonology. Their literacy skills were assessed at the start of formal reading instruction (age 5½), using measures of phoneme awareness, word-level reading and spelling; and 3 years later (age 8), using measures of word-level reading, spelling and reading comprehension...
February 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101829/autism-spectrum-disorders%C3%A2-diagnosis-and-management
#2
REVIEW
Sharmila Banerjee Mukherjee
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neuro-developmental disorder commonly seen in children. It is characterized by age inappropriate, impaired social communication and the presence of stereotypic behavior. This disorder is hypothesized to result from cerebral dysfunction arising from a complex interaction between genetic, epigenetic and environmental factors. ASD should be suspected in children failing ASD specific screening tests, in the presence of red flags in social, language and/or play domains, in children with developmental or language delay, abnormal behavior, poor school performance or in those who are at high risk...
January 19, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099713/systematic-review-of-obstetric-care-from-a-women-centered-perspective-in-nigeria-since-2000
#3
REVIEW
Atsumi Hirose, Oluwatoyin Owolabi, Mari Imamura, Friday Okonofua, Julia Hussein
BACKGROUND: A women-centered approach can improve the quality of patient care. OBJECTIVE: To review issues in the provision of obstetric care from a patient-centered care perspective in Nigeria. SEARCH STRATEGY: Using terms related to maternal and perinatal mortality, in combination with "Nigeria", MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, Web of Knowledge, and African Journal Online were searched, between December 1, 2013 and January 31, 2014, for articles in any language...
January 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079113/congenital-hearing-loss
#4
Anna M H Korver, Richard J H Smith, Guy Van Camp, Mark R Schleiss, Maria A K Bitner-Glindzicz, Lawrence R Lustig, Shin-Ichi Usami, An N Boudewyns
Congenital hearing loss (hearing loss that is present at birth) is one of the most prevalent chronic conditions in children. In the majority of developed countries, neonatal hearing screening programmes enable early detection; early intervention will prevent delays in speech and language development and has long-lasting beneficial effects on social and emotional development and quality of life. A diagnosis of hearing loss is usually followed by a search for an underlying aetiology. Congenital hearing loss might be attributed to environmental and prenatal factors, which prevail in low-income settings; congenital infections, particularly cytomegalovirus infection, are also a common risk factor for hearing loss...
January 12, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076634/immediate-versus-delayed-treatment-for-recently-symptomatic-carotid-artery-stenosis
#5
Vladimir Vasconcelos, Nicolle Cassola, Edina Mariko Koga da Silva, José Carlos Costa Baptista-Silva
BACKGROUND: The timing of surgery for recently symptomatic carotid artery stenosis remains controversial. Early cerebral revascularization may prevent a disabling or fatal ischemic recurrence, but it may also increase the risk of hemorrhagic transformation, or of dislodging a thrombus. This review examined the randomized controlled evidence that addressed whether the increased risk of recurrent events outweighed the increased benefit of an earlier intervention. OBJECTIVES: To assess the risks and benefits of performing very early cerebral revascularization (within two days) compared with delayed treatment (after two days) for people with recently symptomatic carotid artery stenosis...
November 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073790/clemizole-and-modulators-of-serotonin-signalling-suppress-seizures-in-dravet-syndrome
#6
Aliesha Griffin, Kyla R Hamling, Kelly Knupp, SoonGweon Hong, Luke P Lee, Scott C Baraban
Dravet syndrome is a catastrophic childhood epilepsy with early-onset seizures, delayed language and motor development, sleep disturbances, anxiety-like behaviour, severe cognitive deficit and an increased risk of fatality. It is primarily caused by de novo mutations of the SCN1A gene encoding a neuronal voltage-activated sodium channel. Zebrafish with a mutation in the SCN1A homologue recapitulate spontaneous seizure activity and mimic the convulsive behavioural movements observed in Dravet syndrome. Here, we show that phenotypic screening of drug libraries in zebrafish scn1 mutants rapidly and successfully identifies new therapeutics...
January 10, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065799/experiences-in-care-by-parental-citizenship-and-language-use-among-latino-children-in-california
#7
Alexander N Ortega, Ryan M McKenna, Brent A Langellier, Héctor E Alcalá, Dylan H Roby
OBJECTIVE: To assess differences in healthcare access, utilization, and experiences among Latino children in California by parental citizenship status and language use. METHODS: Data are from the 2011 and 2012 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) public use child files. A total of 2,841 interviews of parents of Latino children under the age of twelve years were conducted. Analyses were conducted to determine the associations between access (usual of source of care, delay in receiving needed care, health insurance), utilization (physician visits in past year, emergency department visits) and experiences (doctor listens, doctor explains instructions clearly, communication by telephone or email) by parental citizenship status and household language use after adjusting for confounders...
January 5, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064285/unusual-duplication-in-the-pericentromeric-region-of-chromosome-9-in-a-patient-with-phenotypic-alterations
#8
Andréa C M Malinverni, Mileny E Colovati, Ana B A Perez, Thamy P Caneloi, Hélio R Oliveira, Nadezda Kosyakova, Thomas Liehr, Ahmed B Hamid, Maria I Melaragno
Several alterations involving the pericentromeric region of chromosome 9 are considered as normal population variants. These heterochromatic variants or heteromorphisms can include 9qh+, 9cen+, 9ph+, 9ph-, inv(9)(p11q13), and other patterns which can only be defined by FISH studies. However, some heteromorphisms have been found more frequently in patients with several clinical disorders. Here, we report on a patient with intellectual disability, language and neurodevelopmental delay, as well as facial dysmorphism and an unusual chromosome 9...
January 7, 2017: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062817/impact-of-the-affordable-care-act-on-health-care-access-and-utilization-among-latinos
#9
Héctor E Alcalá, Jie Chen, Brent A Langellier, Dylan H Roby, Alexander N Ortega
INTRODUCTION: In the United States, Latinos have poorer access to and utilization of health care than non-Latino whites. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) may reduce these disparities. The ACA's impact among Latino subgroups is unknown. METHODS: Using the 2011 to 2015 National Health Interview Survey, we examined access to and utilization of health care by Latino subgroups (18-64 years old). Subgroups were defined by Latino heritage group, citizenship status, and language use...
January 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057311/self-management-programs-on-egfr-depression-and-quality-of-life-among-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Mei-Chen Lee, Shu-Fang Vivienne Wu, Nan-Chen Hsieh, Juin-Ming Tsai
PURPOSE: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a condition characterized by the gradual loss of kidney function over time. Self-management programs have been widely applied to chronic disease education programs, which are designed to delay deteriorating kidney functions, preclude depression, and improve quality of life. This study aims to analyze effectiveness of self-management programs in bettering CKD patients' eGFR, mitigating depression symptoms and improving quality of life in randomized control or clinical trials...
December 2016: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054633/serum-apob-levels-in-depressive-patients-associated-with-cognitive-deficits
#11
Li Hui, Mei Han, Xiang Dong Du, Bao Hua Zhang, Shu Chang He, Tian Nan Shao, Guang Zhong Yin
Cognitive deficits have been regarded as one of the most significant clinical symptoms of depressive disorder. Accumulating evidence has shown that apolipoprotein B (ApoB) levels, which are responsible for inducing neurodegeneration, may be involved in cognitive deficits. This study examines cognitive deficits, and the correlation of serum ApoB levels with cognitive deficits of depressive disorder. 90 depressive patients and 90 healthy controls with matched age and gender were recruited. Cognition was assessed using the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS)...
January 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052845/efficacy-and-effectiveness-of-screen-and-treat-policies-in-prevention-of-type-2-diabetes-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-screening-tests-and-interventions
#12
Eleanor Barry, Samantha Roberts, Jason Oke, Shanti Vijayaraghavan, Rebecca Normansell, Trisha Greenhalgh
OBJECTIVES:  To assess diagnostic accuracy of screening tests for pre-diabetes and efficacy of interventions (lifestyle or metformin) in preventing onset of type 2 diabetes in people with pre-diabetes. DESIGN:  Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES AND METHOD:  Medline, PreMedline, and Embase. Study protocols and seminal papers were citation-tracked in Google Scholar to identify definitive trials and additional publications...
January 4, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044261/cognitive-development-in-a-young-child-with-mucolipidosis-type-iv-a-case-report
#13
Evelyn L Fisher, Rose A Sevcik, MaryAnn Romski
Mucolipidosis Type IV (ML IV) is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder characterized by severe psychomotor impairments and ophthalmologic abnormalities. Reports on the cognitive development of people with ML IV are limited, but suggest that achievement of language and cognitive milestones varies between a 3- and 18-month level. There is also variability in reports of whether people with ML IV make developmental progress, regress, or remain static after infancy. This study examines the longitudinal development of a young child with ML IV who participated in an augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) intervention...
January 3, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043955/structural-cerebellar-correlates-of-cognitive-and-motor-dysfunctions-in-cerebellar-degeneration
#14
Kalyani Kansal, Zhen Yang, Ann M Fishman, Haris I Sair, Sarah H Ying, Bruno M Jedynak, Jerry L Prince, Chiadi U Onyike
Detailed mapping of clinical dysfunctions to the cerebellar lobules in disease populations is necessary to establish the functional significance of lobules implicated in cognitive and motor functions in normal subjects. This study constitutes the first quantitative examination of the lobular correlates of a broad range of cognitive and motor phenomena in cerebellar disease. We analysed cross-sectional data from 72 cases with cerebellar disease and 36 controls without cerebellar disease. Cerebellar lobule volumes were derived from a graph-cut based segmentation algorithm...
January 2, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034849/comparison-of-neuropsychological-patterns-in-nigerians-with-different-heart-failure-phenotypes
#15
Philip B Adebayo, Adeseye A Akintunde, Anthonia J Adebayo, Stephen O Asaolu, Morenike Audu, Olugbenga E Ayodele
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the influence of left ventricular dysfunction type on the pattern of neuropsychological dysfunctions among heart failure (HF) subjects. METHOD: A sub-analysis of the data of subjects recruited in a cross-sectional survey of cognitive dysfunction among Nigerians with HF was performed. Cognitive performance on the Community Screening Interview for Dementia (CSI'D), Word List Learning Delayed Recall (WLLDR), Boston Naming Test (BNT), and Modified Token Test (MTT) were compared between heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF)...
December 28, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032454/who-s-my-little-monkey-effects-of-infant-directed-speech-on-visual-retention-in-infant-rhesus-macaques
#16
Emily M Slonecker, Elizabeth A Simpson, Stephen J Suomi, Annika Paukner
Both human and nonhuman primate adults use infant-directed facial and vocal expressions across many contexts when interacting with infants (e.g., feeding, playing). This infant-oriented style of communication, known as infant-directed speech (IDS), seems to benefit human infants in numerous ways, including facilitating language acquisition. Given the variety of contexts in which adults use IDS, we hypothesized that IDS supports learning beyond the linguistic domain and that these benefits may extend to nonhuman primates...
December 29, 2016: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032409/change-in-receptive-vocabulary-from-childhood-to-adulthood-associated-mental-health-education-and-employment-outcomes
#17
Rebecca Armstrong, Wendy Arnott, David A Copland, Katie McMahon, Asaduzzaman Khan, Jake M Najman, James G Scott
BACKGROUND: Population-based studies have found that early language delays are associated with poorer long-term outcomes in adolescence and adulthood. Few studies have explored the influence of change in language ability over time on adult outcomes. AIM: To examine the educational, vocational and mental health outcomes for adults accounting for different vocabulary developmental profiles over a 16-year period. METHODS & PROCEDURES: A total of 1914 participants of the Mater-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy (MUSP) were categorized into four groups based on their vocabulary skills at 5 and 21 years: (1) persistently good (n = 1679), (2) persistently poor (n = 33), (3) improved (n = 160), and (4) deteriorated (n = 42)...
December 29, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028662/self-addressed-questions-and-filled-pauses-a-cross-linguistic-investigation
#18
Ye Tian, Takehiko Maruyama, Jonathan Ginzburg
There is an ongoing debate whether phenomena of disfluency (such as filled pauses) are produced communicatively. Clark and Fox Tree (Cognition 84(1):73-111, 2002) propose that filled pauses are words, and that different forms signal different lengths of delay. This paper evaluates this Filler-As-Words hypothesis by analyzing the distribution of self-addressed-questions or SAQs (such as "what's the word") in relation to filled pauses. We found that SAQs address different problems in different languages (most frequently about memory-retrieval in English and Chinese, and about appropriateness in Japanese)...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018875/diagnostic-accuracy-of-developmental-screening-in-primary-care-at-the-18-month-health-supervision-visit-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Meta van den Heuvel, Cornelia M Borkhoff, Christine Koroshegyi, Weeda Zabih, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Jonathon Maguire, Catherine Birken, Patricia Parkin
BACKGROUND: Communication delays are often the first presenting problem in infants with a range of developmental disabilities. Our objective was to assess the validity of the 18-month Nipissing District Developmental Screen compared with the Infant Toddler Checklist, a validated tool for detecting expressive language and other communication delays. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used. Children aged 18-20 months were recruited during scheduled health supervision visits...
October 2016: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018118/a-longitudinal-investigation-of-conflict-and-delay-inhibitory-control-in-toddlers-and-preschoolers
#20
Amanda W Joyce, Jessica H Kraybill, Nan Chen, Kimberly Cuevas, Kirby Deater-Deckard, Martha Ann Bell
RESEARCH FINDINGS: Eighty-one children participated in a longitudinal investigation of inhibitory control (IC) from 2 to 4 years of age. Child IC was measured via maternal report and laboratory measures under conditions of conflict and delay. Performance on delay IC tasks at 3 years was related to performance on these same tasks at 2 and 4 years, but performance on conflict IC tasks was not related over time. Delay IC task performance was concurrently related to conflict IC task performance in 3- and 4-year-olds but not related in 2-year-olds...
2016: Early Education and Development
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