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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220063/vibrotactile-discrimination-training-affects-brain-connectivity-in-profoundly-deaf-individuals
#1
Andrés A González-Garrido, Vanessa D Ruiz-Stovel, Fabiola R Gómez-Velázquez, Hugo Vélez-Pérez, Rebeca Romo-Vázquez, Ricardo A Salido-Ruiz, Aurora Espinoza-Valdez, Luis R Campos
Early auditory deprivation has serious neurodevelopmental and cognitive repercussions largely derived from impoverished and delayed language acquisition. These conditions may be associated with early changes in brain connectivity. Vibrotactile stimulation is a sensory substitution method that allows perception and discrimination of sound, and even speech. To clarify the efficacy of this approach, a vibrotactile oddball task with 700 and 900 Hz pure-tones as stimuli [counterbalanced as target (T: 20% of the total) and non-target (NT: 80%)] with simultaneous EEG recording was performed by 14 profoundly deaf and 14 normal-hearing (NH) subjects, before and after a short training period (five 1-h sessions; in 2...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217150/infantile-tremor-syndrome-a-review-and-critical-appraisal-of-its-etiology
#2
REVIEW
Jatinder Singh Goraya, Sukhjot Kaur
Infantile tremor syndrome (ITS) is defined by the tetrad of pallor, developmental delay/regression, skin pigmentation, and brown scanty scalp hair. Involuntary movements in the form of tremors supervene in the natural course of the illness in a significant number of cases. The disorder occurs in exclusively breast-fed infants of vegetarian mothers belonging to economically deprived sections of society. Most of the children eventually recover but are frequently left with long-term cognitive and language neurodeficits...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213134/speech-in-noise-perception-in-musicians-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Emily B J Coffey, Nicolette Mogilever, Robert J Zatorre
The ability to understand speech in the presence of competing sound sources is an important neuroscience question in terms of how the nervous system solves this computational problem. It is also a critical clinical problem that disproportionally affects the elderly, children with language-related learning disorders, and those with hearing loss. Recent evidence that musicians have an advantage on this multifaceted skill has led to the suggestion that musical training might be used to improve or delay the decline of speech-in-noise (SIN) function...
February 14, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211648/cognitive-development-in-preterm-infants-multi-faceted-deficits-reflect-vulnerability-of-rigorous-neurodevelopmental-pathways
#4
Jessie R Maxwell, Tracylyn R Yellowhair, Akosua Y Oppong, Jenny E Camacho, Jean R Lowe, Lauren L Jantzie, Robin K Ohls
Prematurity remains the major cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality, with 15 million preterm births occurring worldwide in 2010. Infants born less than 37 weeks gestation are at high risk of abnormal neurodevelopmental outcomes, given that the central nervous system is extremely sensitive to an abnormal intra- and extra-uterine environment. Children born preterm have multiple neurodevelopmental sequelae involving dynamic and complex cognitive deficits. Former preterm infants have difficulty with each domain of cognition, including executive function, language, learning and memory, complex attention, perceptual-motor function and social cognition when compared to children born at term...
February 17, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210520/synchronous-aberrant-cerebellar-and-opercular-development-in-fetuses-and-neonates-with-congenital-heart-disease-correlation-with-early-communicative-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-initial-experience
#5
A Wong, T Chavez, S O'Neil, J Votava-Smith, D Miller, S delCastillo, A Panigrahy, L Paquette
Patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) demonstrate multidomain cognitive delays. Cingulo-opercular and cerebellar brain networks are critical to language functions. This is a description of our initial experience aiming to identify an anatomic correlate for CHD patients with expressive language delays. Fetal CHD patients, prospectively enrolled, underwent serial fetal (1.5T), postnatal pre- and postoperative (3T) MRI. Non-CHD patients were enrolled retrospectively from the same epoch. Comparable fetal and neonatal T2 contrast was used for manual linear cross-sectional measurement...
January 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210062/cognitive-function-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults-participating-in-synchronized-swimming-exercise
#6
Etsuko Maeshima, Yuka Okumura, Juri Tatsumi, Sayaka Tomokane, Akiko Ikeshima
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to examine cognitive function in middle-aged and older adults regularly engaging in synchronized swimming-exercise. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-three female synchronized swimmers ranging in age from 49 to 85 years were recruited for the present study. The duration of synchronized swimming experience ranged from 1 to 39 years. The control group consisted of 36 age- and gender-matched community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults (age range: 49 to 77 years)...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209607/parenting-for-autism-language-and-communication-evaluation-study-palaces-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Margiad Elen Williams, Richard Hastings, Joanna Mary Charles, Sue Evans, Judy Hutchings
INTRODUCTION: Children with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) often have associated behavioural difficulties that can present a challenge for parents and parenting. There are several effective social learning theory-based parenting programmes for dealing with behavioural difficulties, including the Incredible Years (IY) parent programmes. However, these programmes typically do not specifically target parents of children with ASD. Recently, a new addition to the IY suite of programmes known as the IY Autistic Spectrum and Language Delays (IY-ASLD) parent programme was developed...
February 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206671/surgery-for-cataracts-in-people-with-age-related-macular-degeneration
#8
REVIEW
Heather Casparis, Kristina Lindsley, Irene C Kuo, Shameema Sikder, Neil M Bressler
BACKGROUND: Cataract and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) are common causes of decreased vision that often occur simultaneously in people over age 50. Although cataract surgery is an effective treatment for cataract-induced visual loss, some clinicians suspect that such an intervention may increase the risk of worsening of underlying AMD and thus have deleterious effects on vision. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of cataract surgery compared with no surgery in eyes with AMD...
February 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202150/age-at-migration-family-instability-and-timing-of-sexual-onset
#9
Rachel E Goldberg, Marta Tienda, Alícia Adserà
This study builds on and extends previous research on nativity variations in adolescent health and risk behavior by addressing three questions: (1) whether and how generational status and age at migration are associated with timing of sexual onset among U.S. adolescents; (2) whether and how family instability mediates associations between nativity and sexual debut; and (3) whether and how these associations vary by gender. We find that first- and second-generation immigrant youth initiate sexual activity later than native youth...
March 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199860/a-qualitative-study-of-factors-impacting-accessing-of-institutional-delivery-care-in-the-context-of-india-s-cash-incentive-program
#10
Sukumar Vellakkal, Hanimi Reddy, Adyya Gupta, Anil Chandran, Jasmine Fledderjohann, David Stuckler
Not all eligible women use the available services under India's Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY), which provides cash incentives to encourage pregnant women to use institutional care for childbirth; limited evidence exists on demand-side factors associated with low program uptake. This study explores the views of women and ASHAs (community health workers) on the use of the JSY and institutional delivery care facilities. In-depth qualitative interviews, carried out in September-November 2013, were completed in the local language by trained interviewers with 112 participants consisting of JSY users/non-users and ASHAs in Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh...
February 1, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196376/autism-and-bilingualism-a-qualitative-interview-study-of-parents-perspectives-and-experiences
#11
Sarah Hampton, Hugh Rabagliati, Antonella Sorace, Sue Fletcher-Watson
Purpose: Research into how bilingual parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) make choices about their children's language environment is scarce. This study aimed to explore this issue, focusing on understanding how bilingual parents of children with ASD may make different language exposure choices compared with bilingual parents of children without ASD. Method: Semistructured qualitative interviews were conducted with 17 bilingual parents with a child with ASD and 18 bilingual parents with a typically developing (TD) child...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193245/early-disease-progression-of-hurler-syndrome
#12
Bridget T Kiely, Jennifer L Kohler, Hannah Y Coletti, Michele D Poe, Maria L Escolar
BACKGROUND: Newborn screening for mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I) shows promise to improve outcomes by facilitating early diagnosis and treatment. However, diagnostic tests for MPS I are of limited value in predicting whether a child will develop severe central nervous system disease associated with Hurler syndrome, or minimal or no central nervous system involvement associated with the attenuated phenotypes (Hurler-Scheie and Scheie syndromes). Given that the optimal treatment differs between Hurler syndrome and the attenuated MPS I phenotypes, the absence of a reliable prognostic biomarker complicates clinical decision making for infants diagnosed through newborn screening...
February 14, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185206/what-you-don-t-know-can-hurt-you-the-risk-of-language-deprivation-by-impairing-sign-language-development-in-deaf-children
#13
Wyatte C Hall
A long-standing belief is that sign language interferes with spoken language development in deaf children, despite a chronic lack of evidence supporting this belief. This deserves discussion as poor life outcomes continue to be seen in the deaf population. This commentary synthesizes research outcomes with signing and non-signing children and highlights fully accessible language as a protective factor for healthy development. Brain changes associated with language deprivation may be misrepresented as sign language interfering with spoken language outcomes of cochlear implants...
February 9, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167020/early-childhood-otitis-media-and-later-school-performance-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-associations
#14
Vincent Fougner, Asbjørn Kørvel-Hanquist, Anders Koch, Jesper Dammeyer, Janni Niclasen, Jørgen Lous, Preben Homøe
INTRODUCTION: Otitis media (OM) is a common disease in childhood and hearing loss (HL) is the most common complication. Prolonged HL may lead to language delay and cognitive difficulties. However, the consequences of HL due to OM are not fully understood. The aim of this study was to determine the possible association between number of OM episodes in childhood and self-rated school performance controlling for potential confounders. METHODS: Prospectively gathered systematic interview data on OM episodes in early childhood and school performance at 11 years of age were obtained from The Danish National Birth Cohort, involving >100,000 individual pregnancies and their offspring...
March 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164725/applying-psycholinguistic-evidence-to-the-construction-of-a-new-test-of-verbal-memory-in-late-life-cognitive-decline
#15
Johannes Baltasar Hessler, David Brieber, Johanna Egle, Georg Mandler, Thomas Jahn
The construction of the German Auditory Wordlist Learning Test (AWLT) for the assessment of verbal memory in late-life cognitive decline was guided by psycholinguistic evidence, which indicates that a word's linguistic characteristics influence its probability of being learned and recalled. The AWLT includes four trials of learning, short and long delayed free recall, and a recognition task. Its words were selected with taking into account their semantic content, orthographic length, frequency in the language, and orthographic neighborhood size (the number of words derived by adding, subtracting, or replacing a single letter at a time)...
February 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162137/are-parkinson-s-patients-more-vulnerable-to-the-effects-of-cardiovascular-risk-a-neuroimaging-and-neuropsychological-study
#16
Jacob D Jones, Jared J Tanner, Michael Okun, Catherine C Price, Dawn Bowers
OBJECTIVES: This study examined whether individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) are at increased vulnerability for vascular-related cognitive impairment relative to controls. The underlying assumption behind this hypothesis relates to brain reserve and that both PD and vascular risk factors impair similar fronto-executive cognitive systems. METHODS: The sample included 67 PD patients and 61 older controls (total N=128). Participants completed neuropsychological measures of executive functioning, processing speed, verbal delayed recall/memory, language, and auditory attention...
February 6, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162107/dense-home-based-recordings-reveal-typical-and-atypical-development-of-tense-aspect-in-a-child-with-delayed-language-development
#17
Iris Chin, Matthew S Goodwin, Soroush Vosoughi, Deb Roy, Letitia R Naigles
Studies investigating the development of tense/aspect in children with developmental disorders have focused on production frequency and/or relied on short spontaneous speech samples. How children with developmental disorders use future forms/constructions is also unknown. The current study expands this literature by examining frequency, consistency, and productivity of past, present, and future usage, using the Speechome Recorder, which enables collection of dense, longitudinal audio-video recordings of children's speech...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153965/association-of-social-support-and-family-environment-with-cognitive-function-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#18
Qin Wang, Zhi-Kai Yang, Xiu-Mei Sun, Yun Du, Yi-Fan Song, Ye-Ping Ren, Jie Dong
♦ BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment (CI) is a common phenomenon and predictive of high mortality in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. This study aimed to analyze the association of social support and family environment with cognitive function in PD patients. ♦ METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of PD patients from Peking University First Hospital and the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University. Global cognitive function was measured using the Modified Mini-Mental State Examination (3MS), executive function was measured by the A and B trail-making tests, and other cognitive functions were measured by the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status...
January 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152923/measuring-cancer-care-quality-an-update-on-development-and-validation-of-the-cahps-survey-for-cancer-care-prototype
#19
Christian Evensen, San Keller, Steven Garfinkel
: 270 Background: At the 2013 ASCO Quality Symposium, we presented the formative development work and results of the 1(st) field test of the Cancer CAHPS survey. At that time, we noted next steps in the development and validation of the survey. In this poster/presentation, we will provide updates on these activities. METHODS: The Spanish translation was completed in 2013. We conducted interviews with 9 cancer patients in 2014 to identify composite labels that resonated with consumers...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152144/association-between-moderate-and-late-preterm-birth-and-neurodevelopment-and-social-emotional-development-at-age-2-years
#20
Jeanie L Cheong, Lex W Doyle, Alice C Burnett, Katherine J Lee, Jennifer M Walsh, Cody R Potter, Karli Treyvaud, Deanne K Thompson, Joy E Olsen, Peter J Anderson, Alicia J Spittle
Importance: Moderate and late preterm (MLPT) births comprise most preterm infants. Therefore, long-term developmental concerns in this population potentially have a large public health influence. While there are increasing reports of developmental problems in MLPT children, detail is lacking on the precise domains that are affected. Objective: To compare neurodevelopment and social-emotional development between MLPT infants and term-born control infants at age 2 years...
February 6, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
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