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Marwan W Nasr, Samer F Jabbour, Roger N Haber, Elio G Kechichian, Lena El Hachem
BACKGROUND: Primary focal axillary hyperhidrosis is a disorder of excessive sweating that can strongly impact quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To compare microwave ablation, botulinum toxin injection and liposuction-curettage in the treatment of primary axillary hyperhidrosis based on subjective and objective criteria. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature published in French or English between January 1(st) 1991 and February 1(st) 2015 was completed using PubMed and Embase databases...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
Dong Wook Kim, Eun Ji Kim, Eun Na Kim, Myung Whun Sung, Tack-Kyun Kwon, Yong Woo Cho, Seong Keun Kwon
Vocal fold paralysis results from various etiologies and can induce voice changes, swallowing complications, and issues with aspiration. Vocal fold paralysis is typically managed using injection laryngoplasty with fat or synthetic polymers. Injection with autologous fat has shown excellent biocompatibility. However, it has several disadvantages such as unpredictable resorption rate, morbidities associated with liposuction procedure which has to be done in operating room under general anesthesia. Human adipose-derived extracellular matrix (ECM) grafts have been reported to form new adipose tissue and have greater biostability than autologous fat graft...
2016: PloS One
Shaun S Tan, Zhi Yang Ng, Weiqing Zhan, Warren Rozen
Autologous fat grafting is commonly utilised to reconstruct soft tissue defects caused by ageing, trauma, chronic wounds and cancer resection. The benefits of fat grafting are minimal donor site morbidity and ease of availability through liposuction or lipectomy. Nonetheless, survival and longevity of fat grafts remain poor post-engraftment. Various methods to enhance fat graft survival are currently under investigation and its stem cell constituents are of particular interest. Cell-assisted lipotransfer refers to the addition of adipose-derived stem cell (ASC) rich component of stromal vascular fraction to lipoaspirate, the results of which have proven promising...
July 2016: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
Samuel Kim, Richard L Edelson, Brandon Sumpio, Stephanie Kwei, Deepak Narayan
We present a case of a 65-year-old man with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma treated with radiation therapy and an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant from his human leukocyte antigen-matched brother. Engraftment was successful, but the patient went on to develop painful, radiation-induced ulcers. The ulcers were fat-allografted using liposuctioned fat from his brother because of the patient's unique chimeric state. Postprocedure follow-up revealed epithelialization of the ulcer sites and significant improvement in neuropathic pain...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Magdalena Gibas-Dorna, Monika Szulińska, Piotr Turkowski, Justyna Kupsz, Anna Sowińska, Kinga Mikrut, Małgorzata Bernatek, Jacek Piatek
The aim of the current study was to examine the liposuction-induced metabolic changes with regard to release of major adipokines and insulin sensitivity in overweight male patients. Seventeen overweight male patients aged 37.15 ± 9.60 years (6 with diabetes type 2, 11 without comorbidities) and 10 age-matched healthy lean controls were enrolled in the study. Using Vibration Amplification of Sound Energy at Resonance System, ultrasound assisted liposuction was applied onto the deep layers of abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
Manfred Schmidt, Dominik Duscher, Georg M Huemer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Nicolas Bertheuil, Antoine De Runz, Audrey Varin, Raphael Carloni, Caroline Francois, Benoit Chaput
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Jin Yong Shin, Si-Gyun Roh, Nae-Ho Lee, Kyung-Moo Yang
BACKGROUND: There are many treatment modalities associated with osmidrosis. The purpose of this study was to identify and compare effective osmidrosis treatments. METHODS: A systematic literature review and meta-analysis were performed using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases. The osmidrosis treatment modalities were extracted as predictor variables, and recurrence and complications were extracted as outcome variables. Subgroup analysis was performed with regard to combined curettage, and fixed and random effect models were applied...
October 6, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Erkan Orhan, Yağmur Reyyan Erol, Orgun Deren, Serdar Altun, Bülent Erdoğan
BACKGROUND: Flaps are often used in repairing tissue defects and partial or full flap loss is still an important morbidity cause. Several techniques have been tried to increase flap circulation but none of these could replace the delay technique. Our goal in this study is to show the efficacy of liposuction in delay of dorsal rat cutaneous flaps and improvement in flap survival. METHODS: Twenty-four Wistar rats were used. The rats in group 1 received 9 × 3-sized caudally-based random pattern skin flaps...
October 12, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Jenny Lopez, Outi Huttala, Jertta-Riina Sarkanen, Ilkka Kaartinen, Hannu Kuokkanen, Timo Ylikomi
Proper functioning wound healing strategies are sparse. Adequate vascular formation to the injured area, as well as replacement of the volume loss, is fundamental in soft tissue repair. Tissue engineering strategies have been proposed for the treatment of these injury sites. Novel cell-free substance, human adipose tissue extract (ATE), has been previously shown to induce in vitro angiogenesis and adipogenesis and in vivo soft tissue formation. This study reports the translation of ATE preparation from laboratory to the operating room (OR)...
2016: BioResearch Open Access
Dae Hwa Kim, Il Hwan Byun, Won Jai Lee, Dong Kyun Rah, Ji Ye Kim, Dong Won Lee
BACKGROUND: The treatment of gynecomastia depends on multiple factors, and the best modality is controversial. In this study, we aimed to determine the best management approach by comparing outcomes of two groups of patients with gynecomastia who received subcutaneous mastectomy combined with liposuction and liposuction only. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 64 patients who underwent surgery for gynecomastia. We divided the patients into two groups: group A, patients who underwent liposuction only; and group B, patients who underwent liposuction and subcutaneous mastectomy...
September 27, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
E Raposio, S Bonomini, F Calderazzi
INTRODUCTION: Adipose tissue represents an abundant and accessible source of adult stem cells that can differentiate into cells and tissues of mesodermal origin, including osteogenic cells. METHODS: This paper describes the procedure to obtain a 5-cm(3) saline sample, containing the adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) pellet, starting from lipoaspirate obtained from a conventional abdominal liposuction. RESULTS: A mean of 2.5×10(6) cells is isolated for each procedure; 35% (875000) of these are CD34+/CD45- cells, which express a subset of both positive (CD10, CD13, CD44, CD59, CD73, CD90, HLAABC) and negative (CD33, CD39, CD102, CD106, CD146, HLADR) cell-associated surface antigens, characterizing them as ASCs...
September 13, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Mordecai Blau, Ron Hazani, Daniel Hekmat
BACKGROUND: Gynecomastia is a very common entity in men, and several authors estimate that approximately 50% to 70% of the male population has palpable breast tissue. Much has been published with regard to the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of gynecomastia. However, the anatomy of the gynecomastia tissue remains elusive to most surgeons. PURPOSE: The purpose of this article was to define the shape and consistency of the glandular tissue based on the vast experience of the senior author (MB)...
August 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Evangelos Keramidas, Stavroula Rodopoulou
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to report our experience using radiofrequency-assisted liposuction (RFAL) for neck and face contouring. This article details the operative technique, selection, complications, third-party surgeon appraisal, and patient satisfaction survey. METHODS: From November 2009 to November 2013, 55 patients who underwent RFAL treatment were enrolled in the study. Postoperative patient satisfaction surveys were conducted, and 2 independent plastic surgeons evaluated contour and skin quality with randomized preoperative and postoperative photographs at 6 months postoperatively...
August 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Joshua J Goldman, Wei Z Wang, Xin-Hua Fang, Shelley J Williams, Richard C Baynosa
BACKGROUND: Our previous study demonstrated that lidocaine has a negative impact on adipose-derived stem cell (ASC) survival. Currently for large-volume liposuction, patients often undergo general anesthesia; therefore, lidocaine subcutaneous anesthesia is nonessential. We hypothesized that removing lidocaine from tumescent might improve stromal vascular fraction (SVF) and ASC survival from the standard tumescent with lidocaine. Ropivacaine is also a commonly used local anesthetic. The effect of ropivacaine on ASC survival was examined...
August 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Yongqian Bian, Chen Deng, Wangzhou Li, Zhanjun Lei, Yuejun Li, Xueyong Li
PURPOSES: To compare the biological behaviors of human adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) isolated from adipose tissue by lipectomy and liposuction, with the purpose of providing the basis for clinical application. METHODS: The proliferation and apoptosis of ADSCs were analyzed by CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry. Cell migration was measured by a wound healing assay. An ELISA assay was used to evaluate paracrine functions. SOD and MDA were tested by xanthine oxidase and thiobarbituric acid reactions, respectively...
2016: PloS One
Anna Bajek, Natalia Gurtowska, Joanna Olkowska, Małgorzata Maj, Łukasz Kaźmierski, Magdalena Bodnar, Andrzej Marszałek, Robert Dębski, Tomasz Drewa
The objective of this study was to evaluate complex biological properties of human stem cells isolated from adipose tissue (ASCs) harvested utilizing different methods: surgical resection (R), power assisted liposuction (PAL) and laser assisted liposuction (LAL). ASCs were isolated from healthy donors, due to surgical resection, power and laser assisted liposuction. Isolated cells were characterized by their clonogenicity, proliferation rate, doubling time, multilineage differentiation and senescence potential...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Rachel C Nordberg, Jianlei Zhang, Emily H Griffith, Matthew W Frank, Binil Starly, Elizabeth G Loboa
: : Human adipose stem cells (hASCs) are an attractive cell source for bone tissue engineering applications. However, a critical issue to be addressed before widespread hASC clinical translation is the dramatic variability in proliferative capacity and osteogenic potential among hASCs isolated from different donors. The goal of this study was to test our hypothesis that electrical cell-substrate impedance spectroscopy (ECIS) could track complex bioimpedance patterns of hASCs throughout proliferation and osteogenic differentiation to better understand and predict variability among hASC populations...
September 7, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
S Humphrey, K Beleznay, J D A Beleznay
The chin and jaw line are integral parts of an individual's aesthetic profile, and the presence of submental fat detracts from this and can lead to displeasure with one's facial appearance. While liposuction and cosmetic surgery are regarded as the gold standard in treating submental fat, surgical intervention is not appealing to all patients and has potential surgical complications including longer recovery, and contour irregularities. Despite ample advances in aesthetic medicine to enhance the appearance of the face, very little is available in non-invasive options to reduce submental fat that has been supported by robust evidence...
September 2016: Skin Therapy Letter
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