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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782074/supporting-women-at-the-time-of-abortion-a-mixed-methods-study-of-male-partner-experiences-and-perspectives
#1
Brian T Nguyen, Luciana E Hebert, Sara L Newton, Melissa L Gilliam
CONTEXT: Although men are commonly viewed as unaware, uninvolved and even obstructive regarding their partner's abortion access, those who accompany women to an abortion appointment may be more supportive. A better understanding of men's motivations could inform clinic policies regarding their involvement. METHODS: In 2015-2016, data were collected from male partners of women seeking an abortion at two clinics in a large Midwestern city. Twenty-nine interviews were conducted to explore how men wanted to be involved in the abortion and why they accompanied their partners...
May 21, 2018: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778587/the-politics-of-place-presidential-voting-patterns-and-providers-prescription-of-emergency-contraception
#2
Kelly Cleland, Brandon Wagner, Pelin Batur, Megan McNamara, Justine Wu, Michael B Rothberg
OBJECTIVE: The most effective forms of emergency contraception (EC) require a prescription or a medical procedure; therefore, provider willingness to offer EC remains critical to patient access. This study seeks to assess whether political alignment of a provider's county is associated with provider attitudes and behaviors regarding EC. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed survey data collected from 1313 healthcare providers from February 2013 to April 2014 at 14 academic medical centers in the United States...
May 17, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774803/-the-financial-is-the-main-issue-it-s-not-even-the-child-exploring-the-role-of-finances-in-men-s-concepts-of-fatherhood-and-fertility-intention
#3
Megan Hamm, Elizabeth Miller, Lovie Jackson Foster, Mario Browne, Sonya Borrero
Despite demonstrable need, men's utilization of sexual and reproductive health services remains low. This low utilization may particularly affect low-income men, given the disproportionate prevalence of unintended pregnancy in low-income populations. Bolstering men's utilization of sexual and reproductive health services requires understanding the services that are most relevant to them. Semistructured interviews about fatherhood, fertility intention, and contraceptive use were conducted with 58 low-income Black and White men in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769104/prevalence-of-emergency-contraceptive-pill-use-among-spanish-adolescent-girls-and-their-family-and-psychological-profiles
#4
Antonia Jiménez-Iglesias, Carmen Moreno, Irene García-Moya, Francisco Rivera
BACKGROUND: Adolescent girls' family context and psychological characteristics play important roles in their sexual behavior, including the use of the emergency contraceptive pill (ECP). This study aims to (1) determine the prevalence of ECP use among girls who have had sexual intercourse and (2) comparatively analyze their family and psychological profiles according to whether they have used ECPs. METHODS: The sample of 1735 Spanish girls aged 15 to 18 came from a representative sample of the 2014 edition of the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study...
May 16, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768621/sexual-violence-against-women-and-care-in-the-health-sector-in-santa-catarina-brazil
#5
Carmem Regina Delziovo, Elza Berger Salema Coelho, Eleonora d'Orsi, Sheila Rubia Lindner
This is a study on sexual violence against women in the Brazilian State of Santa Catarina notified to the Notifiable Diseases Information System (SINAN) in the period 20082013. It aimed to estimate pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) resulting from sexual violence and to test the association between pregnancy, STIs and care provided in health services. In total, 1,230 pregnancy notifications and 1.316 STI notifications were analyzed. Variables were age, schooling, time to receive care, STI prophylaxis, emergency contraception, number of perpetrators and recurrent violence, which were analyzed using proportions and 95% confidence intervals...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757790/barriers-to-implementation-of-long-acting-reversible-contraception-a-systematic-review
#6
Jessamyn Phillips, Prabjot Sandhu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) is one of the most effective forms of contraception available. The utilization of LARC remains low despite being recommended by major health organizations such as Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, American Academy of Pediatrics, American Academy of Family Physicians, and the National Committee for Quality Assurance. Health care professionals play an essential role in the potential increased use of LARC...
April 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752924/emergency-contraception-supply-in-australian-pharmacies-after-the-introduction-of-ulipristal-acetate-a-mystery-shopping-mixed-methods-study
#7
Jack Charles Collins, Carl Richard Schneider, Rebekah Jane Moles
OBJECTIVE: To explore the supply of emergency contraception (EC) from Australian community pharmacies after the introduction of ulipristal acetate (UPA), and to explore pharmacists' knowledge, decision-making, attitudes, and beliefs surrounding supplying EC. STUDY DESIGN: A mixed-methods approach of mystery shopping with structured interview was employed. From August-November 2017, 20 pharmacy students mystery-shopped 10 community pharmacies in metropolitan Sydney, Australia, requesting "the morning after pill"...
May 9, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731234/effective-contraception-use-by-usual-source-of-care-an-opportunity-for-prevention
#8
Martina T Caldwell, Hwajung Choi, Phillip Levy, Vanessa K Dalton, Dawn Phillips Misra
INTRODUCTION: Women using emergency departments (ED) or urgent care facilities for their usual care may lack access to contraception. This study examined the relationship between effectiveness of current contraception use (highly effective/effective methods vs. less effective/no method) and usual source of care in the clinic (referent group), urgent care, ED or none among U.S. reproductive-aged females at risk for unintended pregnancy. METHODS: Using the National Survey of Family Growth, we conducted logistic regression analyses using pooled, as well as age- and insurance-stratified data...
May 3, 2018: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728101/attitudes-toward-sexual-and-reproductive-health-among-adolescents-and-young-people-in-urban-and-rural-dr-congo
#9
Fidèle Mbadu Muanda, Ndongo Parfait Gahungu, Francine Wood, Jane T Bertrand
BACKGROUND: In the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), onset of sexual intercourse is initiated during adolescence, however only two in ten sexually active unmarried women are using modern contraception. Improving adolescents' and young peoples' knowledge and practices related to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) is necessary to improve health outcomes. However, little is known about the SRH attitudes and needs among young people in the DRC. The study aims to contribute to the available evidence by examining adolescents' and young people's insights on their cultural norms, practices and attitudes towards SRH services...
May 4, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727296/croi-2018-advances-in-antiretroviral-therapy
#10
Hong-Van Tieu, Barbara S Taylor, Joyce Jones, Timothy J Wilkin
The 2018 Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI) showcased exciting data on new investigational agents including MK-8591 and tri-specific antibody targeting 3 highly conserved epitopes on HIV-1 in a single antibody. Clinical trials of initial antiretroviral therapy (ART) and switch studies involving bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide were presented. Intensification of initial ART with integrase strand transfer inhibitors did not increase the risk of immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome...
May 2018: Topics in Antiviral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725630/glomerular-disease-in-women
#11
REVIEW
Kate Wiles, Liz Lightstone
Gender differences exist in the prevalence of glomerular diseases. Data based on histological diagnosis underestimate the prevalence of preeclampsia, which is almost certainly the commonest glomerular disease in the world, and uniquely gender-specific. Glomerular disease affects fertility via disease activity, the therapeutic use of cyclophosphamide, and underlying chronic kidney disease. Techniques to preserve fertility during chemotherapy and risk minimization of artificial reproductive techniques are considered...
March 2018: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719219/deriving-a-clinical-prediction-rule-to-target-sexual-healthcare-to-women-attending-british-general-practices
#12
N L Edelman, J A Cassell, C H Mercer, S A Bremner, C I Jones, A Gersten, R O deVisser
Some women attending General Practices (GPs) are at higher risk of unintended pregnancy (RUIP) and sexually transmitted infections (STI) than others. A clinical prediction rule (CPR) may help target resources using psychosocial questions as an acceptable, effective means of assessment. The aim was to derive a CPR that discriminates women who would benefit from sexual health discussion and intervention. Participants were recruited to a cross-sectional survey from six GPs in a city in South-East England in 2016...
April 29, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717352/17%C3%AE-ethinylestradiol-and-17%C3%AE-estradiol-removal-from-a-secondary-urban-wastewater-using-an-rbc-treatment-system
#13
R Maurício, R Dias, V Ribeiro, S Fernandes, A C Vicente, M I Pinto, J P Noronha, L Amaral, P Coelho, A P Mano
The presence of micropollutants that include endocrine-disrupting compounds (EDC) in aquatic environments is currently one of the most relevant aspects of water quality due to their adverse effects on aquatic organisms and human health. From the several categories of EDC, 17β-estradiol (E2) is a natural hormone, which is prevalent in vertebrates, associated with the female reproductive system and maintenance of the sexual characters. 17α-Ethinylestradiol (EE2) is a synthetic hormone produced from the natural hormone E2 and is an essential component of oral contraceptives...
May 2, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702504/health-and-social-needs-of-young-mothers
#14
S Amanda Dumas, Ivy W Terrell, Maggie Gustafson
PURPOSE: Teen parenting rates are disproportionately high among minority youth in the Southern United States. We explored barriers and unmet needs relating to medical and social support as perceived by these teen mothers, and elicited suggestions for improving their healthcare through the medical home. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted four focus groups of 18- to 24-year-old mothers in New Orleans with questions designed to prompt discussions on young motherhood and healthcare...
May 2018: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702082/multiple-contraceptive-method-use-and-prevalence-of-fertility-awareness-based-method-use-in-the-united-states-2013-2015
#15
Chelsea B Polis, Rachel K Jones
OBJECTIVES: Contraceptive prevalence in the United States is typically calculated according to the most effective method of contraception reported. This could theoretically underestimate the number of women using fertility-awareness based methods (FABMs), including those who use other methods (e.g., condoms) during the fertile window, but the extent of any such underestimation has not been assessed. STUDY DESIGN: We used data from the 2013-2015 National Survey of Family Growth to examine the extent to which women report use of an FABM alone or with other methods...
April 24, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702081/contraceptive-information-on-pregnancy-resource-center-websites-a-statewide-content-analysis
#16
Andrea Swartzendruber, Riley J Steiner, Anna Newton-Levinson
OBJECTIVE: Most pregnancy resource centers (PRCs) in the U.S. are affiliated with national organizations that have policies against promoting or providing contraceptives, yet many provide information about contraception on their websites. In 2016, the state of Georgia passed a new law to publicly fund PRCs. This study sought to describe the contraceptive information on Georgia PRC websites. STUDY DESIGN: We systematically identified all accessible Georgia PRC websites April-June, 2016...
April 24, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683023/is-there-a-need-for-better-sexual-education-of-young-men-sexual-behaviour-and-reproductive-health-in-swiss-university-students-a-questionnaire-based-pilot-study
#17
Gabriele Susanne Merki-Feld, Stephanie Felder, Conrad Roelli, Bruno Imthurn, Mary Stewart, Deborah Bateson
OBJECTIVES: There is evidence that men's perception of contraceptive methods and of their effectiveness and health risks have a major impact on couples contraceptive choices. Engaging men in decision making improves reproductive health outcomes. If they are better informed, men can potentially contribute to more effective use of contraception, thus reducing the rate of sexually transmitted infections and abortion. In Central European countries, few data are available on male contraceptive knowledge and behaviour...
April 23, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679591/the-intrauterine-device-as-emergency-contraception-how-much-do-young-women-know
#18
Suzan R Goodman, Alison M El Ayadi, Corinne H Rocca, Julia E Kohn, Courtney E Benedict, Jessica R Dieseldorff, Cynthia C Harper
BACKGROUND: Unprotected intercourse is common, especially among teens and young women. Access to intrauterine device (IUD) as emergency contraception (EC) can help interested patients more effectively prevent unintended pregnancy and can also offer ongoing contraception. This study evaluated young women's awareness of IUD as EC and interest in case of need. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from young women, ages 18-25years, not desiring pregnancy within 12months, and receiving contraceptive counseling within a cluster-randomized trial in 40U...
April 18, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678366/advance-provision-of-emergency-contraception-to-young-men-an-exploratory-study-in-a-clinic-setting
#19
S Garbers, D L Bell, K Ogaye, A V Marcell, C L Westhoff, S L Rosenthal
PURPOSE: To explore the acceptability of advance provision of emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) to young men seeking health care. METHODS: For this exploratory study in a clinic setting, we approached young men aged 16-35 to participate in a survey eliciting socio-demographics, sexual and contraceptive history, and knowledge about ECPs. We offered young men advance provision of ECPs and compared characteristics of 126 young men who did and did not accept the ECPs...
April 17, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602870/using-program-data-to-improve-access-to-family-planning-and-enhance-the-method-mix-in-conflict-affected-areas-of-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#20
Lara S Ho, Erin Wheeler
Unmet need for family planning in the conflict-affected area of eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has been reported to be as high as 38%, and women in such conflict settings are often the most at risk for maternal mortality. The International Rescue Committee implements the Family Planning and Post-Abortion Care in Emergencies program in 3 provinces of eastern DRC to provide women and couples access to family planning, including long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs). This article presents routine program data from June 2011 through December 2013 from 2 health zones as well as results from a qualitative assessment of family planning clients and of male and female non-users, conducted in 2013...
March 21, 2018: Global Health, Science and Practice
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