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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218155/perceptions-of-nonsurgical-permanent-contraception-among-potential-users-providers-and-influencers-in-wardha-district-and-new-delhi-india-exploratory-research
#1
Jennifer C Aengst, Elizabeth K Harrington, Pramod Bahulekar, Poonam Shivkumar, Jeffrey T Jensen, B S Garg
BACKGROUND: New permanent contraceptive methods are in development, including nonsurgical permanent contraception (NSPC). OBJECTIVE: In the present study, perceptions of NSPC in India among married women, married men, mothers-in-law, providers, and health advocates in Eastern Maharashtra (Wardha district) and New Delhi were examined. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 40 married women and 20 mothers-in-law; surveys with 150 married men; and focus group discussions with obstetrics/gynecology providers and advocates...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178061/pharmacies-duty-to-dispense-emergency-contraception-a-discussion-of-religious-liberty
#2
Y Tony Yang, Nadia N Sawicki
In a recent battle between reproductive rights and religious freedom, the U.S. Supreme Court, by a five to three vote, declined to review an appeal in Stormans, Inc v Wiesman, a case brought by a Washington state pharmacy owner and two pharmacists who held religious objections to emergency contraception. These petitioners brought a constitutional challenge to Washington state regulations that required pharmacies to dispense all lawfully prescribed pharmaceuticals. In 2015, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that these regulations did not violate the Constitution...
February 6, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163088/risk-of-luteal-phase-pregnancy-with-any-cycle-day-initiation-of-subdermal-contraceptive-implants
#3
Molly Richards, Stephanie B Teal, Jeanelle Sheeder
OBJECTIVES: To determine rates of luteal phase pregnancy (LPP) in young women initiating subdermal implants on any day of the menstrual cycle. STUDY DESIGN: We assessed a retrospective cohort of young women receiving contraceptive implants at an adolescent Title-X clinic. Patients with negative pregnancy tests were eligible for same-day insertion, regardless of cycle day, contraceptive use, or last intercourse. We computed LPP rates for those within manufacturer guidelines for insertion (≤5 days of menstrual onset or ≤7 days post-discontinuing hormonal contraception) and outside these guidelines...
February 2, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159136/sexual-and-reproductive-health-in-spanish-university-students-a-comparison-between-medical-and-law-students
#4
Pluvio J Coronado, Carlos Delgado-Miguel, Adriana Rey-Cañas, Miguel A Herráiz
OBJECTIVE: To describe behaviors and knowledge related to sexual and reproductive health of Spanish university students and their association with the subject area studied (biomedical or not). METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional observational study conducted with 2074 students aged 18-24years from the University Complutense of Madrid in the Faculties of Medicine and Law. Simple random stratified sampling without replacement was performed. A self-administered, anonymous and voluntary questionnaire was distributed...
March 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153056/study-protocol-on-establishment-of-sentinel-sites-network-for-contraceptive-and-abortion-trends-needs-and-utilization-of-services-in-zika-virus-affected-countries
#5
Moazzam Ali, Kelsey Miller, Rachel Folz, Brooke Ronald Johnson, James Kiarie
BACKGROUND: ZIKV(Zika Virus) during pregnancy can result in many adverse events such as fetal deaths or newborns with congenital abnormalities including microcephaly and other neural irregularities. Due to these harmful outcomes of pregnancy associated with the Zika virus, we can expect to see a change in the type and scale of demand for family planning and safe abortion services in areas affected by the Zika virus. The monitoring and reporting capacities of the local health clinics in these areas could benefit from the introduction of infrastructural improvements necessary to establish a sentinel site network...
February 2, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153043/a-study-protocol-for-facility-assessment-and-follow-up-evaluations-of-the-barriers-to-access-availability-utilization-and-readiness-of-contraception-abortion-and-postabortion-services-in-zika-affected-areas
#6
Moazzam Ali, Rachel Folz, Kelsey Miller, Brooke Ronald Johnson, James Kiarie
BACKGROUND: The Zika virus epidemic in Latin America has elicited official recommendations for women to delay or avoid pregnancy in affected countries, which has increased demand for family planning services. It is likely, however, that health facilities in areas where the population is most vulnerable to the disease lack the capacity to respond to the increased demand for family planning services. Our objectives are to perform facilities assessment and understand client perceptions in areas affected by Zika virus, and to track changes in these parameters over time...
February 2, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140703/a-longitudinal-online-interprofessional-education-experience-involving-family-nurse-practitioner-students-and-pharmacy-students
#7
Andrea Collins, Amy Broeseker, Jill Cunningham, Cyndi Cortes, Jennifer Beall, Amy Bigham, Jongwha Chang
Interprofessional education (IPE) continues to gain traction worldwide. Challenges integrating IPE into health profession programmes include finding convenient times, meeting spaces, and level-appropriate assignments for each profession. This article describes the implementation of a 21-month prospective cohort study pilot programme for the Master of Science in nursing family nurse practitioner (FNP) and doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) students at a private university in the United States. This IPE experience utilised a blended approach for the learning activities; these students had initial and final sessions where they met face-to-face, with asynchronous online activities between these two sessions...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137405/contraception-for-adolescents-with-chronic-rheumatic-diseases
#8
Benito Lourenço, Katia T Kozu, Gabriela N Leal, Marco F Silva, Elisabeth G C Fernandes, Camila M P França, Fernando H C Souza, Clovis A Silva
Contraception is an important issue and should be a matter of concern in every medical visit of adolescent and young patients with chronic rheumatic diseases. This narrative review discusses contraception methods in adolescents with juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE), antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM). Barrier methods are safe and their use should be encouraged for all adolescents with chronic rheumatic diseases. Combined oral contraceptives (COC) are strictly prohibited for JSLE and APS patients with positive antiphospholipid antibodies...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135674/stress-related-and-basic-determinants-of-hair-cortisol-in-humans-a-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Tobias Stalder, Susann Steudte-Schmiedgen, Nina Alexander, Tim Klucken, Annika Vater, Susann Wichmann, Clemens Kirschbaum, Robert Miller
The analysis of hair cortisol concentrations (HCC) is a relatively new strategy to measure long-term cumulative cortisol levels, which is increasingly used in psychoneuroendocrinological research. Here, we conduct a first comprehensive meta-analysis of HCC research based on aggregated data from a total of 124 (sub)samples (66 independent studies; total N=10,289). We seek to answer two central questions: (i) Which covariates and basic features of HCC need to be considered in future research? (ii) What are the main determinants of HCC in terms of chronic stress exposure and mental health? Concerning basic characteristics, our findings identify several covariates to be considered (age, sex, hair washing frequency, hair treatment, oral contraceptive use), confirm a decline of HCC from the first to the second proximal 3cm hair segment, and show positive associations between HCC and short-term salivary cortisol measures...
January 10, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126541/temporary-removal-pharmacokinetics-of-levonorgestrel-and-ulipristal-acetate-emergency-contraception-in-women-with-normal-and-obese-body-mass-index
#10
Piyapa Praditpan, Angie Hamouie, Cale N Basaraba, Renu Nandakumar, Serge Cremers, Anne R Davis, Carolyn L Westhoff
The publisher regrets that this article has been temporarily removed. A replacement will appear as soon as possible in which the reason for the removal of the article will be specified, or the article will be reinstated. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy.
January 23, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116589/identifying-health-experiences-of-domestically-sex-trafficked-women-in-the-usa-a-qualitative-study-in-rikers-island-jail
#11
Anita Ravi, Megan Rose Pfeiffer, Zachary Rosner, Judy A Shea
While sex trafficking in the USA is a significant medical and public health issue, there is sparse data on the healthcare needs of and access for this population. This study was designed to identify experiences of domestically sex-trafficked women regarding healthcare access, reproductive health, and infectious diseases while trafficked. Trafficking survivors incarcerated in New York City's Rikers Island women's jail participated in audio-recorded interviews between July and September 2015. Recordings were transcribed, and a content analysis was completed to identify health-related themes...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107821/effects-of-a-single-20%C3%A2-mg-dose-of-letrozole-on-ovarian-function-post-dominant-follicle-selection-an-exploratory-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
H C M Allaway, D R Chizen, G P Adams, R A Pierson
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to explore the impact of a single dose of an aromatase inhibitor (letrozole) administered at defined times of the follicular phase or immediately after ovulation on dominant follicle development, luteogenesis and new follicle wave emergence. METHODS: A prospective pilot study using a randomized complete block, controlled, open label design was conducted at an academic clinical research center. Forty-five healthy, female volunteers (25...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Ovarian Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107371/sexual-reproductive-health-needs-and-rights-of-young-people-in-slum-areas-of-kampala-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Andre M N Renzaho, Joseph K Kamara, Nichole Georgeou, Gilbert Kamanga
BACKGROUND: Young people in Uganda face various sexual and reproductive health risks, especially those living in urban slums. The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with comprehensive categories of sexual and reproductive health, including sexual behaviours; sexual education and access to contraceptive services; family planning; prevention of STDs; sexual consent as a right; gender based violence; as well as HIV testing, counselling, disclosure and support. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional in design and was carried out in July 2014 in Makindye and Nakawa Divisions of Kampala City, Uganda...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103896/sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-utilization-by-female-sex-workers-is-context-specific-results-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-india-kenya-mozambique-and-south-africa
#14
Yves Lafort, Ross Greener, Anuradha Roy, Letitia Greener, Wilkister Ombidi, Faustino Lessitala, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Mags Beksinska, Peter Gichangi, Sushena Reza-Paul, Jenni A Smit, Matthew Chersich, Wim Delva
BACKGROUND: Female sex workers (FSWs) are extremely vulnerable to adverse sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes. To mitigate these risks, they require access to services covering not only HIV prevention but also contraception, cervical cancer screening and sexual violence. To develop context-specific intervention packages to improve uptake, we identified gaps in service utilization in four different cities. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted, as part of the baseline assessment of an implementation research project...
January 19, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092783/pulmonary-emboli-cardiac-arrest-with-cpr-complication-liver-laceration-and-massive-abdominal-bleed-a-case-report
#15
John Lundqvist, Jan G Jakobsson
INTRODUCTION: Massive pulmonary emboli may cause right ventricular failure and backward stasis with parenchymal organ swelling thus increasing the risk for laceration, e.g. if CPR is needed. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 28-year-old Colombian female with no medical history but taking contraceptive pills and having had a recent longer flight was admitted to Danderyds hospital Emergency Department because of respiratory failure. She developed cardiac arrest in the emergence department following the emergent diagnosis of pulmonary emboli...
January 3, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089524/how-oral-contraceptives-impact-social-emotional-behavior-and-brain-function
#16
REVIEW
Estrella R Montoya, Peter A Bos
Millions of women worldwide use oral contraceptives ('the pill'; OCs), often starting at a pubertal age when their brains are in a crucial developmental stage. Research into the social-emotional effects of OCs is of utmost importance. In this review, we provide an overview of studies that have emerged over the past decade investigating how OCs, and their main ingredients estradiol (E) and progesterone (P), influence social-emotional behaviors and underlying brain functions. Based on this overview, we present a heuristic model that postulates that OCs modulate core social-emotional behaviors and brain systems...
February 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079768/interpregnancy-interval-after-termination-of-pregnancy-and-the-risks-of-adverse-outcomes-in-subsequent-birth
#17
Jaana Männistö, Aini Bloigu, Maarit Mentula, Mika Gissler, Oskari Heikinheimo, Maarit Niinimäki
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the length of the interpregnancy interval after termination of pregnancy influences the risk of preterm birth, low birth weight, and small-for-gestational-age neonates in a subsequent pregnancy. METHODS: In this register-based study, we included all women (N=19,894) who underwent termination of pregnancy between 2000 and 2009 and whose subsequent pregnancy ended in live singleton delivery. The women were divided into five groups depending on the interpregnancy interval between termination of pregnancy and subsequent conception: interpregnancy interval less than 6 months (n=2,956), 6 to less than 12 months (n=3,203), 12 to less than 18 months (n=2,623), 18 to less than 24 months (n=2,076), and 24 months or greater (n=9,036)...
February 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060974/-socio-demographic-profile-and-factors-associated-with-emergency-contraception-consultations
#18
Sebastián Lavanderos, Camilo Riquelme, Juan Haase, Andrea Morales
BACKGROUND: Emergency contraception refers to contraceptive methods that can be used after a sexual intercourse Aim: To analyze the evolution of emergency contraception (EC) consultations on the Chilean public health system, at a communal level, in relation to the legal changes that recently took place, aimed to ease the delivery of the benefit. To analyze its association with socioeconomic, demographic and municipal healthcare system characteristics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analyzed data bases of the Ministry of Health to study EC consultation rates on Chilean communes, including consultations on emergency departments and by rape, from 2008 to 2013...
September 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056564/awareness-and-knowledge-regarding-emergency-contraception-in-berlin-adolescents
#19
Frederik T von Rosen, Antonella J von Rosen, Falk Müller-Riemenschneider, Peter Tinnemann
BACKGROUND: Lack of information has been described as a major factor in non-use of oral emergency contraception (EC) following unprotected intercourse. Despite the ongoing vociferous debate on liberalisation of access, little evidence is available on EC knowledge in Germany, particularly among adolescents. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey among ninth graders in convenience sample of 13 Berlin schools. We assessed perceived and actual knowledge on the effectiveness, timeframe and availability of EC and on pregnancy risk in six scenarios...
January 6, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056005/zika-virus-10-public-health-achievements-in-2016-and-future-priorities
#20
Nadia L Oussayef, Satish K Pillai, Margaret A Honein, C Ben Beard, Beth Bell, Coleen A Boyle, Lars M Eisen, Katrin Kohl, Matthew J Kuehnert, Eva Lathrop, Stacey W Martin, Rebecca Martin, Janet C McAllister, Elizabeth Pantino McClune, Paul Mead, Dana Meaney-Delman, Brett Petersen, Lyle R Petersen, Kara N D Polen, Ann M Powers, Stephen C Redd, James J Sejvar, Tyler Sharp, Julie Villanueva, Denise J Jamieson
The introduction of Zika virus into the Region of the Americas (Americas) and the subsequent increase in cases of congenital microcephaly resulted in activation of CDC's Emergency Operations Center on January 22, 2016, to ensure a coordinated response and timely dissemination of information, and led the World Health Organization to declare a Public Health Emergency of International Concern on February 1, 2016. During the past year, public health agencies and researchers worldwide have collaborated to protect pregnant women, inform clinicians and the public, and advance knowledge about Zika virus (Figure 1)...
January 6, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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