keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Emergency contraception

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913229/a-single-arm-phase-iii-study-exploring-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-lng-ius-8-a-low-dose-levonorgestrel-intrauterine-contraceptive-system-total-content-13-5-mg-in-an-asia-pacific-population
#1
Guangsheng Fan, Sukho Kang, Mulan Ren, Edith Weisberg, Eeva Lukkari-Lax, Katrin Roth, SoYoung Shin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a low-dose levonorgestrel intrauterine system with total content 13.5 mg (average approx. 8 μg/24 h over the first year; LNG-IUS 8; Jaydess®) in an Asia-Pacific population. STUDY DESIGN: An open-label, single-arm Phase III study conducted at 25 centers in China, Australia, and Korea assessed LNG-IUS 8 use over 3 years in nulliparous and parous women (N=1114) aged 18-40 years with regular menstrual cycles (21-35 days)...
November 29, 2016: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907138/barriers-to-modern-contraceptive-use-in-kinshasa-drc
#2
Mbadu Muanda, Parfait Gahungu Ndongo, Leah D Taub, Jane T Bertrand
Recent research from Kinshasa, DRC, has shown that only one in five married women uses modern contraception; over one quarter have an unmet need for family planning; and almost 400 health facilities across Kinshasa report that they provide modern contraception. This study addresses the question: with reasonable physical access and relatively high unmet need, why is modern contraceptive prevalence so low? To this end, the research team conducted 6 focus groups of women (non-users of any method, users of traditional methods, and users of modern methods) and 4 of husbands (of users of traditional methods and in non-user unions) in health zones with relatively strong physical access to FP services...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896473/experience-with-oral-emergency-contraception-since-the-otc-switch-in-germany
#3
Marion Kiechle, Miriam Neuenfeldt
PURPOSE: In March 2015, the oral emergency contraceptives levonorgestrel (LNG) and ulipristal acetate (UPA) were released from prescription-only status in Germany. The main research question is to analyse whether the OTC status of oral emergency contraceptives has an influence on the patterns of use. METHODS: All information is based on searches for public domain sources on emergency contraception. Searches were made for scientific publications, statistics, and surveys...
November 28, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884730/a-qualitative-application-of-diffusion-of-innovations-to-adolescents-perceptions-of-long-acting-reversible-contraception-s-attributes
#4
Molly K Murphy, Pamela J Burke, Sadia Haider
BACKGROUND: Long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods are the most effective forms of reversible contraception but adolescents often opt for other, less effective methods. This study explored how adolescents viewed LARC as an innovation to be adopted or rejected, and how their assessment of innovation attributes impacted their decisions about LARC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sexually active adolescents between 15-22 years old (n=22) participated in semi-structured qualitative interviews...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876018/social-norms-and-family-planning-decisions-in-south-sudan
#5
Sumit Kane, Maryse Kok, Matilda Rial, Anthony Matere, Marjolein Dieleman, Jacqueline Ew Broerse
BACKGROUND: With a maternal mortality ratio of 789 per 100,000 live births, and a contraceptive prevalence rate of 4.7%, South Sudan has one of the worst reproductive health situations in the world. Understanding the social norms around sexuality and reproduction, across different ethnic groups, is key to developing and implementing locally appropriate public health responses. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in the state of Western Bahr el Ghazal (WBeG) in South Sudan to explore the social norms shaping decisions about family planning among the Fertit community...
November 22, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871920/integrating-long-acting-reversible-contraception-larc-services-into-new-york-city-school-based-health-centers-sbhcs-quality-improvement-to-ensure-provision-of-youth-friendly-services
#6
Manaswi Sangraula, Samantha Garbers, Janet Garth, Emily Birchfield Shakibnia, Sarah Timmons, Melanie A Gold
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Adolescents face barriers to accessing youth-friendly family planning services, specifically long-acting reversible contraception (LARC). School-Based Health Centers (SBHCs) can provide youth-friendly care. A quality improvement (QI) project was undertaken to assess quality of care before, during and after LARC services at three SBHCs, and to identify specific strategies for improving these LARC services. METHODS: We interviewed 18 female adolescents who received LARC services...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867438/total-sleep-deprivation-and-pain-perception-during-cold-noxious-stimuli-in-humans
#7
Robert A Larson, Jason R Carter
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A substantial portion of the population suffers from chronic pain leading to significant health care costs and lost productivity. Loss of sleep duration and quality are widely reported in patients suffering from a variety of acute or chronic pain conditions. Conversely, sleep loss has been known to elevate pain perception; thus a potential bi-directional relationship exists between sleep deprivation and pain. To date, the majority of studies examining the relationship between experimentally induced pain and sleep loss have focused on the measurement of pain threshold...
October 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833182/appreciation-for-analysis-of-how-levonorgestrel-works-and-reservations-with-the-use-of-meloxicam-as-emergency-contraception
#8
COMMENT
A Patrick Schneider, Christopher Kubat, Christine M Zainer
This paper is a response to Dr. Kathleen Raviele's recent article on her critical analysis of the use of levonorgestrel given to women postsexual assault and her suggestion that the use of Meloxicam may be an ethical alternative.
February 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833181/does-levonorgestrel-emergency-contraceptive-have-a-post-fertilization-effect-a-review-of-its-mechanism-of-action
#9
REVIEW
Rebecca Peck, Walter Rella, Julio Tudela, Justo Aznar, Bruno Mozzanega
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have identified that levonorgestrel administered orally in emergency contraception (LNG-EC) is only efficacious when taken before ovulation. However, the drug does not consistently prevent follicular rupture or impair sperm function. OBJECTIVE: The present systematic review is performed to analyze and more precisely define the extent to which pre-fertilization mechanisms of action may explain the drug's efficacy in pregnancy avoidance...
February 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821461/emergency-contraception
#10
Diana Hsiang, Sheila Dunn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2016: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792693/-new-recommendations-from-the-world-health-organization-who-for-the-use-of-contraceptive-methods
#11
Ma Del Carmen Cravioto
The Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use of the World Health Organization have been updated recently. These criteria constitute a guideline for the selection of family planning methods appropriated for women and men with known medical conditions or personal characteristics of medical relevance. The guidelines last updating incorporates recommendations for the use of a new emergency contraceptive pill and three long-acting hormonal methods, and revises some previously established recommendations...
September 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789349/iron-deficiency-anemia-in-adolescents-presenting-with-heavy-menstrual-bleeding
#12
Amanda G Cooke, Timothy L McCavit, George R Buchanan, Jacquelyn M Powers
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical severity and initial treatment of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in adolescent females with heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) in our center DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of electronic medical records via search of administrative records using International Classification of Diseases Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes for IDA or unspecified anemia and disorders of menstruation SETTING: Children's Medical Center in Dallas, Texas PARTICIPANTS: 107 patients with HMB and concomitant IDA (median age 14...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785169/non-prescription-dispensing-of-emergency-oral-contraceptives-recommendations-from-the-german-federal-chamber-of-pharmacists-bundesapothekerkammer
#13
Martin Schulz, Ralf Goebel, Claudia Schumann, Petra Zagermann-Muncke
BACKGROUND: Emergency hormonal contraceptives (EHC) are contraceptives used to prevent unintended pregnancy following unprotected sexual intercourse (USI) or contraceptive failure. The EHCs available without a prescription include medicines containing levonorgestrel (LNG) in more than 80 countries and, recently, based on an EU-switch ellaOne®, which contains ulipristal acetate (UPA). EHCs work by stopping or delaying ovulation. Those containing LNG can be used up to 72 hours after USI or contraceptive failure, while UPA can be used up to 120 hours...
July 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770484/medical-therapies-for-heavy-menstrual-bleeding-in-women-with-uterine-fibroids-a-retrospective-analysis-of-a-large-commercially-insured-population-in-the-usa
#14
X Yao, E A Stewart, S K Laughlin-Tommaso, H C Heien, B J Borah
OBJECTIVES: To report patterns and patient characteristics associated with initiation of and persistence with medical therapies for uterine fibroid-related heavy menstrual bleeding. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: US commercial insurance claims database. POPULATION: 41 561 women aged 18-54 years with uterine fibroids and heavy menstrual bleeding who initiated medical therapies from January 2000 through December 2013...
October 21, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769767/-i-don-t-know-what-i-would-have-done-women-s-experiences-acquiring-ulipristal-acetate-emergency-contraception-online-from-2011-to-2015
#15
Nicole K Smith, Kelly Cleland, Brandon Wagner, James Trussell
OBJECTIVES: This study describes women's reasons for seeking ulipristal acetate (UPA) for emergency contraception (EC) through the only authorized online retailer for UPA EC in the US. STUDY DESIGN: Women aged 14 to 59 years, living in states that allow prescription medications to be shipped from out-of-state, accessed the KwikMed online pharmacy between January 2011 and December 2015. After completing a medical eligibility screener, women answered optional multiple-choice questions...
October 18, 2016: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758048/urinary-steroid-profile-in-females-the-impact-of-menstrual-cycle-and-emergency-contraceptives
#16
Jenny E Mullen, John-Olof Thörngren, Jenny J Schulze, Magnus Ericsson, Nina Gårevik, Mikael Lehtihet, Lena Ekström
Today's doping tests involving longitudinal monitoring of steroid profiles are difficult in women. Women have more complex hormonal fluctuations than men and commonly take drugs such as hormonal contraceptives that are shown to affect biomarkers used in these doping tests. In this study we followed six women's urinary steroid profile during one menstrual cycle, including both glucuronides and sulfate conjugated fractions. Additionally, we studied what happens to the steroidal module of the athlete biological passport (ABP) after administration of an emergency contraceptive (levonorgestrel, NorLevo®)...
October 18, 2016: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754163/sy-11-3-hypertension-in-women-more-dangerous-than-in-men
#17
Suzanne Oparil
Heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure are leading causes of death worldwide, and hypertension is a significant risk factor for each. Hypertension is less common in women, compared to men, in those younger than 45 years of age. This trend is reversed in those 65 years and older. In the US between 2011-2014, the prevalence of hypertension in women and men by age group was 6% vs 8% (18-39 years), 30% vs 35% (40-59 years), and 67% vs 63% (60 years and over). Awareness, treatment, and control rates differ between genders with women being more aware of their diagnosis (85% vs 80%), more likely to take their medications (81% vs 71%) and more frequently having controlled hypertension (55% vs 49%)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742423/reproductive-history-of-women-with-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy
#18
Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Shira Dunsiger, Heather H Swales, Gerard P Aurigemma, Ira Ockene, Lindsey Rosman, Ilan S Wittstein
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) occurs predominantly in postmenopausal women, suggesting a possible role of reproductive and hormonal factors in the pathophysiology of this condition. Yet reproductive characteristics of women with TC have received limited attention. This prospective case-control study sought to explore reproductive characteristics associated with TC. Incident TC cases and myocardial infarction (MI) controls were recruited among consecutive women presenting at the emergency departments of 2 large medical centers in Massachusetts and Connecticut...
September 15, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732325/stress-fractures-concepts-and-therapeutics
#19
Carolina A Moreira, John P Bilezikian
CONTEXT: Stress fractures are repetitive use injuries in which recurrent strains lead to material fatigue and microarchitectural discontinuities. Stress fractures account for up to 20% of athletic injuries, more commonly sustained by women and in those who engage in track-and-field events. The pathogenesis of stress fractures is multifactorial. Although most stress fracture are reported among women who may experience menstrual disturbances, low body mass index, low energy intake and sometimes low bone mass, these individuals do not regularly seek endocrinological attention...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716213/use-of-non-emergency-contraceptive-pills-and-concoctions-as-emergency-contraception-among-nigerian-university-students-results-of-a-qualitative-study
#20
Anthony Idowu Ajayi, Ezebunwa Ethelbert Nwokocha, Wilson Akpan, Oladele Vincent Adeniyi
BACKGROUND: Emergency contraception (EC) can significantly reduce the rate of unintended pregnancies and unsafe abortions especially in sub-Saharan Africa. Despite the increasing awareness of EC among educated young women in Nigeria, the rate of utilisation remains low. This study therefore explores the main barriers to the use of EC among female university students by analysing their knowledge of emergency contraception, methods ever used, perceived efficacy, and its acceptability. METHODS: This paper brings together the findings from several focus groups (N = 5) and in-depth interviews (N = 20) conducted amongst unmarried female undergraduate students in two Nigerian universities...
October 4, 2016: BMC Public Health
keyword
keyword
20949
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"