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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735297/regulating-the-advertising-of-genetic-tests-in-europe-a-balancing-act
#1
REVIEW
Louiza Kalokairinou, Pascal Borry, Heidi Carmen Howard
Direct-to-consumer (DTC) genetic tests (GT) have provoked criticism over their potential adverse impact on public health. The European Parliament called for a ban on DTC advertising of GT during the debate for the adoption of a European Regulation on in vitro diagnostic medical devices. This proposal, however, was not ultimately retained in the final text. Instead, the regulation includes an article prohibiting misleading claims for this kind of advertising. These two different approaches raise questions about the optimal degree of regulation...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721755/clinicaltrials-gov-stem-cells-and-pay-to-participate-clinical-studies
#2
Leigh Turner
Numerous US businesses that engage in direct-to-consumer advertising of stem cell interventions that are not US FDA-approved also recruit clients by listing 'pay-to-participate' studies listed on ClinicalTrials.gov . Individuals considering enrolling in such studies and NIH officials responsible for overseeing the database need to be aware that some businesses are using the registry to promote unapproved stem cell interventions that study subjects are charged to receive. Inclusion of such studies in ClinicalTrials...
July 19, 2017: Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712355/using-digital-media-advertising-in-early-psychosis-intervention
#3
Michael L Birnbaum, Chantel Garrett, Amit Baumel, Maria Scovel, Asra F Rizvi, Whitney Muscat, John M Kane
OBJECTIVE: Identifying and engaging youth with early-stage psychotic disorders in order to facilitate timely treatment initiation remains a major public health challenge. Although advertisers routinely use the Internet to directly target consumers, limited efforts have focused on applying available technology to proactively encourage help-seeking in the mental health community. This study explores how one might take advantage of Google AdWords in order to reach prospective patients with early psychosis...
July 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703222/transparency-of-genetic-testing-services-for-health-wellness-and-lifestyle-analysis-of-online-prepurchase-information-for-uk-consumers
#4
Jacqueline A Hall, Rena Gertz, Joan Amato, Claudia Pagliari
The declining cost of DNA sequencing has been accompanied by a proliferation of companies selling 'direct-to-consumer genetic testing' (DTC-GT) services. Many of these are marketed online as tools for enabling citizens to make more informed decisions about their health, wellness and lifestyle. We assessed the 'information for consumers' provided by these companies at the prepurchase stage, which could influence initial decisions to part with money, data or tissue samples. A scoping exercise revealed 65 DTC-GT companies advertising their services online to consumers in the United Kingdom, of which 15 met our inclusion criteria...
August 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676469/direct-to-consumer-promotion-of-prescription-drugs-on-mobile-devices-content-analysis
#5
Kathryn J Aikin, Helen W Sullivan, Suzanne Dolina, Molly Lynch, Linda B Squiers
BACKGROUND: US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations state that any prescription drug promotion that presents drug benefits to consumers must also disclose certain information about the drug's risks in a similar manner. Nearly three-quarters of all US mobile phone subscribers use a smartphone, and over half report receiving mobile advertisements on their device. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this project was to investigate how prescription drugs are being promoted to consumers using mobile technologies...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676435/enhancing-the-educational-value-of-direct-to-consumer-advertising-of-prescription-drugs
#6
Monica J Hwang, Henry N Young
OBJECTIVES: The educational value of direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) of prescription drugs hinges on its ability to convey important benefit and risk information to consumers. However, the literacy level required to understand some of the information presented in print advertisements may hinder DTCA's ability to educate consumers. The objective of this study was to compare the comprehension and retention of benefit and risk information between consumers who viewed an original print DTCA and those who viewed an advertisement modified according to health literacy principles...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665050/assessing-the-public-acceptability-of-proposed-policy-interventions-to-reduce-the-misuse-of-antibiotics-in-australia-a-report-on-two-community-juries
#7
Chris Degeling, Jane Johnson, Jon Iredell, Ky-Anh Nguyen, Jacqueline M Norris, John D Turnidge, Angus Dawson, Stacy M Carter, Gwendolyn L Gilbert
OBJECTIVE: To elicit the views of well-informed community members on the acceptability of proposed policy interventions designed to improve community use of antibiotics in Australia. DESIGN: Two community juries held in 2016. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Western Sydney and Dubbo communities in NSW, Australia. Twenty-nine participants of diverse social and cultural backgrounds, mixed genders and ages recruited via public advertising: one jury was drawn from a large metropolitan setting; the other from a regional/rural setting...
June 30, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626436/judgments-at-gaze-value-gaze-cuing-in-banner-advertisements-its-effect-on-attention-allocation-and-product-judgments
#8
Johanna Palcu, Jennifer Sudkamp, Arnd Florack
Banner advertising is a popular means of promoting products and brands online. Although banner advertisements are often designed to be particularly attention grabbing, they frequently go unnoticed. Applying an eye-tracking procedure, the present research aimed to (a) determine whether presenting human faces (static or animated) in banner advertisements is an adequate tool for capturing consumers' attention and thus overcoming the frequently observed phenomenon of banner blindness, (b) to examine whether the gaze of a featured face possesses the ability to direct consumers' attention toward specific elements (i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598891/effect-of-direct-to-consumer-advertising-on-statin-use-in-the-united-states
#9
Hsien-Yen Chang, Irene Murimi, Matthew Daubresse, Dima M Qato, Sherry L Emery, G Caleb Alexander
IMPORTANCE: The value of direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) of prescription drugs is widely debated, as is the effect of DTCA on prescription sales and health care utilization. OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between DTCA intensity for statin medications and prescription sales and cholesterol-related health care utilization. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted an ecological study for 75 designated market areas from 2005 to 2009 in the United States using linked data regarding televised DTCA volume, non-DTCA marketing and promotion, retail, mail order and long-term care prescription drug sales, prescription drug and ambulatory care health care utilization, and contextual factors such as health care density and socioeconomic status...
August 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590885/optimistic-bias-advertising-skepticism-and-consumer-intentions-for-seeking-information-about-the-health-risks-of-prescription-medicine
#10
Jin Seong Park, Ho-Young Anthony Ahn, Eric John Haley
Based on a survey of prescription drug users (N = 408), this study revealed that: (a) the frequency of consumers' personal experience of prescription medicine adverse reactions negatively related to the extent of their optimistic bias about the chances of such events, (b) consumers' perceived personal control over adverse reactions positively related to optimistic bias, and (c) optimistic bias related more negatively to intentions to seek risk information when consumer skepticism toward direct-to-consumer advertising was high...
April 2017: Health Marketing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441862/spatial-temporal-dispersion-of-aerosolized-nanoparticles-during-the-use-of-consumer-spray-products-and-estimates-of-inhalation-exposure
#11
Jihoon Park, Seunghon Ham, Miyeon Jang, Jinho Lee, Sunju Kim, Sungkyoon Kim, Kiyoung Lee, Donguk Park, Jungtaek Kwon, Hyunmi Kim, Pilje Kim, Kyunghee Choi, Chungsik Yoon
We evaluated the spatial-temporal dispersion of airborne nanomaterials during the use of spray consumer products and estimated the level of consumer inhalation exposure. A total of eight spray products including five propellant and three pump types were selected to evaluate the dispersion of airborne nanoparticles across time and space in a cleanroom which could control the background particles. Four products were advertised to contain silver and one contained titanium nanoparticles, while three products were specified no ENM but as being manufactured through the use of nanotechnology...
May 24, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434919/a-review-of-dtca-techniques-appraising-their-success-and-potential-impact-on-medication-users
#12
REVIEW
Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar, Ashna Medina Siraj, Louise Curley
BACKGROUND: Direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) has been present in some countries for nearly two decades. Its success and ramifications have been examined but not yet cataloged recently in a comprehensive manner. OBJECTIVE: To review existing literature studies on the topic of DTCA techniques to provide an analysis of the current methods considered by drug marketers to enhance the effect of pharmaceutical product promotion and its success, as well as examine ramifications on the drug use process...
April 12, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430995/is-popular-radio-a-source-of-exposure-to-alcohol-references-in-mid-to-later-life-a-content-analysis
#13
C Haighton, J Halligan, S Scott
Background: There is concern around alcohol consumption in mid to later life yet little understanding about what influences this behaviour. No previous research has explored the extent to which adults in mid to later life may be exposed to alcohol references in the media. This project aimed to determine the frequency of alcohol references on radio stations with a high proportion of listeners in mid to later life. Methods: Content analysis of alcohol references on four popular UK music-based radio stations with a high proportion of listeners aged 55-64 years over three time points...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416041/child-targeted-fast-food-television-advertising-exposure-is-linked-with-fast-food-intake-among-pre-school-children
#14
Madeline A Dalton, Meghan R Longacre, Keith M Drake, Lauren P Cleveland, Jennifer L Harris, Kristy Hendricks, Linda J Titus
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether exposure to child-targeted fast-food (FF) television (TV) advertising is associated with children's FF intake in a non-experimental setting. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey conducted April-December 2013. Parents reported their pre-school child's TV viewing time, channels watched and past-week FF consumption. Responses were combined with a list of FF commercials (ads) aired on children's TV channels during the same period to calculate children's exposure to child-targeted TV ads for the following chain FF restaurants: McDonald's, Subway and Wendy's (MSW)...
June 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350274/visual-elements-in-direct-to-consumer-advertising-messages-communicated-to-patients-with-arthritis
#15
Erin Willis
Direct-to-consumer (DTC) advertising saturates popular health magazines, communicating persuasive messages to readers that may influence attitudes and behaviors. This research used a two-prong approach to investigate the visual elements used in DTC advertising and their influence on consumers' understanding of a disease and its treatment options. An analysis was conducted of DTC advertisements (N = 62) from a population sample of Arthritis Today magazine, 2000-2010. Three panels of people with arthritis were used to validate the findings and discuss implications for health literacy...
January 2017: Health Marketing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343208/legal-features-of-the-drug-advertising
#16
REVIEW
Vitalii M Pashkov, Andrii A Olefir, Oleksiy Y Bytyak
INTRODUCTION: In the article discribed current trends of advertising in the pharmaceutical market and foreign experience of legal regulation of these relations. As for the advertising of medicines identified it's symptoms, types, basic rules and prohibitions. Modern pharmaceutical companies can not successfully carry out economic activities without advertising. Besides we can mention some fundamental changes in society (information overload, universal access to internet, social media, freedom of movement of goods, labor and finance), also self-medication becomes more popular...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335017/the-medical-battery-in-the-united-states-1870-1920-electrotherapy-at-home-and-in-the-clinic
#17
Anna Wexler
This paper focuses on the history of a portable shock-producing electrotherapeutic device known as the medical battery (1870-1920), which provided both direct and alternating current and was thought to cure a wide variety of ailments. The product occupied a unique space at the nexus of medicine, consumerism and quackery: it was simultaneously considered a legitimate device by medical professionals who practiced electrotherapeutics, yet identical versions were sold directly to consumers, often via newspaper advertisements and with cure-all marketing language...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324090/association-between-direct-to-consumer-advertising-and-testosterone-testing-and-initiation-in-the-united-states-2009-2013
#18
J Bradley Layton, Yoonsang Kim, G Caleb Alexander, Sherry L Emery
Importance: Testosterone initiation increased substantially in the United States from 2000 to 2013, especially among men without clear indications. Direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) also increased during this time. Objective: To investigate associations between televised DTCA and testosterone testing and initiation in the United States. Design, Setting, and Population: Ecologic study conducted in designated market areas (DMAs) in the United States...
March 21, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324072/direct-to-consumer-advertising-of-androgen-replacement-therapy
#19
EDITORIAL
Richard L Kravitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272533/paternity-testing-under-the-cloak-of-recreational-genetics
#20
Nathalie Moray, Katherina E Pink, Pascal Borry, Maarten Hd Larmuseau
Direct-to-consumer (DTC) internet companies are selling widely advertised and highly popular genetic ancestry tests to the broad public. These tests are often classified as falling within the scope of so-called 'recreational genetics', but little is known about the impact of using these services. In this study, a particular focus is whether minors (and under what conditions) should be able to participate in the use of these DTC tests. Current ancestry tests are easily able to reveal whether participants are related and can, therefore, also reveal misattributed paternity, with implications for the minors and adults involved in the testing...
June 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
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