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Oxidant stress , endothelial damage

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140736/extremely-low-frequency-magnetic-field-protects-injured-spinal-cord-from-the-microglia-and-iron-induced-tissue-damage
#1
Soumil Dey, Samrat Bose, Suneel Kumar, Ravinder Rathore, Rashmi Mathur, Suman Jain
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is insult to the spinal cord, which results in loss of sensory and motor function below the level of injury. SCI results in both immediate mechanical damage and secondary tissue degeneration. Following traumatic insult, activated microglia release proinflammatory cytokines and excess iron due to hemorrhage, initiating oxidative stress that contributes to secondary degeneration. Literature suggests that benefits are visible with the reduction in concentration of iron and activated microglia in SCI...
November 15, 2017: Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137274/effective-protection-against-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-sepsis-injury-by-combined-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-preactivated-disaggregated-platelets
#2
Chih-Hung Chen, Yung-Lung Chen, Pei-Hsun Sung, Cheuk-Kwan Sun, Kuan-Hung Chen, Yi-Ling Chen, Tien-Hung Huang, Hung-I Lu, Fan-Yen Lee, Jiunn-Jye Sheu, Sheng-Ying Chung, Mel S Lee, Hon-Kan Yip
This study assessed whether combining adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSC) with preactivated, disaggregated shape-changed platelets (PreD-SCP) was superior to either therapy alone for protecting rat lung from acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) complicated by sepsis. ARDS and sepsis were induced through 100% oxygen inhalation and peritoneal administration of 1.5 mg/kg lipopolysaccharide (LPS), respectively. Adult-male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=40) were randomized into sham-control (SC), ARDS-LPS, ARDS-LPS-ADMSC (1...
October 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135932/extracts-of-crataegus-oxyacantha-and-rosmarinus-officinalis-attenuate-ischemic-myocardial-damage-by-decreasing-oxidative-stress-and-regulating-the-production-of-cardiac-vasoactive-agents
#3
Raúl Enrique Cuevas-Durán, Juan Carlos Medrano-Rodríguez, María Sánchez-Aguilar, Elizabeth Soria-Castro, María Esther Rubio-Ruíz, Leonardo Del Valle-Mondragón, Alicia Sánchez-Mendoza, Juan Carlos Torres-Narvaéz, Gustavo Pastelín-Hernández, Luz Ibarra-Lara
Numerous studies have supported a role for oxidative stress in the development of ischemic damage and endothelial dysfunction. Crataegus oxyacantha (Co) and Rosmarinus officinalis (Ro) extracts are polyphenolic-rich compounds that have proven to be efficient in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. We studied the effect of extracts from Co and Ro on the myocardial damage associated with the oxidative status and to the production of different vasoactive agents. Rats were assigned to the following groups: (a) sham; (b) vehicle-treated myocardial infarction (MI) (MI-V); (c) Ro extract-treated myocardial infarction (MI-Ro); (d) Co extract-treated myocardial infarction (MI-Co); or (e) Ro+Co-treated myocardial infarction (MI-Ro+Co)...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133362/three-month-endothelial-human-endothelin-1-overexpression-causes-blood-pressure-elevation-and-vascular-and-kidney-injury
#4
Suellen C Coelho, Olga Berillo, Antoine Caillon, Sofiane Ouerd, Júlio C Fraulob-Aquino, Tlili Barhoumi, Stefan Offermanns, Pierre Paradis, Ernesto L Schiffrin
Endothelium-derived endothelin (ET)-1 has been implicated in the development of hypertension and end-organ damage, but its exact role remains unclear. We have shown that tamoxifen-inducible endothelium-restricted human ET-1 overexpressing (ieET-1) mice exhibited blood pressure rise after a 3-week induction in an ET type A (ETA) receptor-dependent manner, in absence of vascular and renal injury. It is unknown whether long-term ET-1 overexpression results in sustained blood pressure elevation and vascular and renal injury...
November 13, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132816/deferiprone-inhibits-iron-overload-induced-tissue-factor-bearing-endothelial-microparticle-generation-by-inhibition-oxidative-stress-induced-mitochondrial-injury-and-apoptosis
#5
Shing Chan, Qizhou Lian, Mei-Pian Chen, Dan Jiang, Jolie T K Ho, Yiu-Fai Cheung, Godfrey C F Chan
Iron overload-induced cardiovascular toxicity is one of the most common causes of morbidity and mortality in beta-thalassemia major patients. We have previously shown that iron overload-induced systemic arterial changes characterized by endothelial dysfunction are associated with increased endothelial microparticle (EMP) release. In this study, we further demonstrate how EMP release is associated with iron-induced mitochondrial injury and apoptosis of endothelial cells. Iron increased the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and calcium influx into mitochondria [Ca(2+)]m...
November 10, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130363/antioxidant-role-of-autophagy-in-maintaining-the-integrity-of-glomerular-capillaries
#6
Jun Matsuda, Tomoko Namba, Yoshitsugu Takabatake, Tomonori Kimura, Atsushi Takahashi, Takeshi Yamamoto, Satoshi Minami, Shinsuke Sakai, Ryuta Fujimura, Jun-Ya Kaimori, Isao Matsui, Takayuki Hamano, Yoko Fukushima, Keiko Matsui, Tomoyoshi Soga, Yoshitaka Isaka
Autophagy is a lysosomal degradation system by which cytosolic materials and damaged organelles are broken down into basic components. To explore the physiological role of autophagy in glomerular endothelial cells (GEnCs), we compared the autophagic flux among cells in the kidney under starvation. Inhibition of autophagy by chloroquine administration significantly increased the number of autophagosomes or autolysosomes in GEnCs and proximal tubular cells, but not in podocytes, suggesting that the GEnCs exhibit substantial autophagic activity...
November 13, 2017: Autophagy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127105/epor2-%C3%A3-cr2-independendent-effects-of-low-dose-epoetin-a-in-porcine-liver-transplantation
#7
Linus Kebschull, Leon Franz Christoph Theilmann, Annika Mohr, Wencke Uennigmann, Sandra Stoeppeler, Barbara Heitplatz, Hans-Ullrich Spiegel, Ralf Bahde, Daniel Michael Palmes, Felix Becker
Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) remains the key component of graft damage during transplantation. Erythropoietin (EPO) induces anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic effects via the EPOR2/ßcR2-complex, with the potential risk of thrombosis. Previous work indicates that EPO has EPOR2/ßcR2-independent protective effects via direct effects on the endothelium. As the EPOR2/ßcR2-receptor has a very low affinity for EPO, we aimed to test the hypothesis that EPO doses below the level that stimulate this receptor elicit cytoprotective effects via endothelial stimulation in a porcine liver transplantation model...
November 10, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121093/fish-oil-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-attenuate-oxidative-stress-induced-dna-damage-in-vascular-endothelial-cells
#8
Chiemi Sakai, Mari Ishida, Hideo Ohba, Hiromitsu Yamashita, Hitomi Uchida, Masao Yoshizumi, Takafumi Ishida
OBJECTIVE: Omega-3 fatty acids, particularly eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), likely prevent cardiovascular disease, however their mechanisms remain unclear. Recently, the role of DNA damage in atherogenesis has been receiving considerable attention. Here, we investigated the effects of EPA and DHA on DNA damage in vascular endothelial cells to clarify their antiatherogenic mechanisms. METHODS AND RESULTS: We determined the effect of EPA and DHA on H2O2-induced DNA damage response in human aortic endothelial cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120962/endothelial-factors-in-the-pathogenesis-and-treatment-of-chronic-kidney-disease-part-i-general-mechanisms-a-joint-consensus-statement-from-the-european-society-of-hypertension-working-group-on-endothelin-and-endothelial-factors-and-the-japanese-society-of-hypertension
#9
Gian Paolo Rossi, Teresa M Seccia, Matthias Barton, A H Jan Danser, Peter W de Leeuw, Neeraj Dhaun, Damiano Rizzoni, Patrick Rossignol, Luis-Miguel Ruilope, Anton H van den Meiracker, Sadayoshi Ito, Naoyuki Hasebe, David J Webb
: Kidney damage is a common consequence of arterial hypertension, but is also a cause of atherogenesis. Dysfunction and/or harm of the endothelium in glomeruli and tubular interstitium damage the function of these structures and translates into dynamic changes of filtration fraction, with progressive reduction in glomerular filtration rate, expansion of extracellular fluid volume, abnormal ion balance, and hypoxia, ultimately leading to chronic kidney disease. Considering the key role played by endothelial dysfunction in chronic kidney disease, the Working Group on Endothelin and Endothelial Factors of the European Society of Hypertension and the Japanese Society of Hypertension have critically reviewed available knowledge on the mechanisms underlying endothelial cell injury...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119922/polyphenols-anti-platelet-nutraceutical
#10
Valeria Ludovici, Jens Barthelmes, Matthias P Nägele, Andreas J Flammer, Isabella Sudano
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a disease progressing over many years. Genetic factors, as well as the exposure to risk factors, are continuously leading to endothelial dysfunction, vascular alterations and, eventually, organ damage, major cardiovascular events and deaths. Oxidative stress, platelet hyperactivity and low-grade inflammation are important modulators in this context, contributing to plaque formation. Since platelet activation plays a critical role in the development and progression of atherothrombotic events, the inhibition of platelet hyperactivity may contribute to decreased atherothrombotic risk...
November 8, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115459/isolariciresinol-9-o-%C3%AE-l-arabinofuranoside-protects-against-hydrogen-peroxide%C3%A2-induced-apoptosis-of-human-umbilical-vein-endothelial-cells-via-a-pi3k-akt-bad%C3%A2-dependent-pathway
#11
Li-Tao Liu, Lei Liang, Wei Wang, Cui-Qi Yan, Jing Zhang, Yun-Chuan Xiao, Liang Ye, Man-Xi Zhao, Quan-Shu Huang, Jun-Jie Bian, Zhang-Fei Shi, Xiao Ke, Zhi-Rong Zhang
Isolariciresinol-9'-O-α-L-arabinofuranoside (MWS‑19) isolated from Pinus massoniana Lamb. Fresh pine needles is the major ingredient of the Songling Xuemaikang capsule therapy used for hypertension. The present study aimed to investigate the effects and underlying mechanisms of MWS‑19 on hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)‑induced apoptosis in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). To investigate the effect of MWS‑19 on apoptosis in HUVECs, an oxidative stress‑induced apoptosis model was established in HUVECs using H2O2, and the present study performed Hoechst 33258 staining and a Cell Counting Kit‑8 (CCK‑8) assay...
October 25, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108743/differentially-dna-methylation-changes-induced-in-vitro-by-traffic-derived-nanoparticulate-matter
#12
Xiaoning Lei, Joshua E Muscat, Bo Zhang, Xuyang Sha, Guangli Xiu
The cytotoxicity, apoptosis, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and DNA damage induced by the commercial diesel exhaust particulate matter (PM) (SRM2975) with concentrations ranging from 0.1μg·mL(-1) to 20μg·mL(-1) were assessed in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in vitro. An epigenetics-wide investigation of DNA methylation profiles was also performed using a new methylation beadchip (Illumina 850K) to identify the health effects of traffic-derived nanoparticulate matter (nPM) with a concentration of 20μg·mL(-1)...
November 3, 2017: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107691/antibiotic-bedaquiline-effectively-targets-growth-survival-and-tumor-angiogenesis-of-lung-cancer-through-suppressing-energy-metabolism
#13
Xiaomu Wu, Fajiu Li, Xiaojiang Wang, Chenghong Li, Qinghua Meng, Chuanhai Wang, Jie Huang, Shi Chen, Ziyang Zhu
Tumor angiogenesis plays essential roles during lung cancer progression and metastasis. Therapeutic agent that targets both tumor cell and vascular endothelial cell may achieve additional anti-tumor efficacy. We demonstrate that bedaquiline, a FDA-approved antibiotic drug, effectively targets lung cancer cells and angiogenesis. Bedaquiline dose-dependently inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis of a panel of lung cancer cell lines regardless of subtypes and molecular heterogeneity. Bedaquiline also inhibits capillary network formation of human lung tumor associated-endothelial cell (HLT-EC) on Matrigel and its multiple functions, such as spreading, proliferation and apoptosis, even in the presence of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)...
October 28, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098058/impact-of-atherosclerosis-and-diabetes-related-dicarbonyls-on-vascular-endothelial-permeability-a-comparative-assessment
#14
Mikhail V Samsonov, Asker Y Khapchaev, Alexander V Vorotnikov, Tatyana N Vlasik, Elena V Yanushevskaya, Maria V Sidorova, Evgeniy E Efremov, Vadim Z Lankin, Vladimir P Shirinsky
Background: Malondialdehyde (MDA), glyoxal (GO), and methylglyoxal (MGO) levels increase in atherosclerosis and diabetes patients. Recent reports demonstrate that GO and MGO cause vascular endothelial barrier dysfunction whereas no evidence is available for MDA. Methods: To compare the effects of MDA, GO, or MGO on endothelial permeability, we used human EA.hy926 endothelial cells as a standard model. To study cortical cytoplasm motility and cytoskeletal organization in endothelial cells, we utilized time-lapse microscopy and fluorescent microscopy...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097484/uric-acid-promotes-oxidative-stress-and-enhances-vascular-endothelial-cell-apoptosis-in-rats-with-middle-cerebral-artery-occlusion
#15
Chengfu Song, Xiangdong Zhao
In patients with cerebral infarction (CI), elevated serum uric acid (UA) level may exacerbate the occurrence and development of carotid atherosclerosis  (AS). Our study intended to explore the underlying mechanism. We enrolled 86 patients with CI, and divided them into 4 groups: Non-AS, AS- mild, AS- moderate and AS-severe groups, the levels of UA and oxidative stress - related factors in serum were detected. The middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model was used to stimulate CI in rats, and different doses of UA were administrated...
November 2, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094331/pterostilbene-protects-against-uraemia-serum-induced-endothelial-cell-damage-via-activation-of-keap1-nrf2-ho-1-signaling
#16
Zhi-Wei Chen, Hai-Feng Miu, Hui-Ping Wang, Zhi-Niu Wu, Wen-Juan Wang, Yu-Jing Ling, Xiao-Hui Xu, Hai-Jian Sun, Xia Jiang
Chronic kidney disease causes uremia-related endothelial cell dysfunction associated with high risk for cardiovascular diseases. The vascular endothelium is permanently exposed to uraemic toxins including indoxyl sulfate, which provokes endothelial damage in subjects with end-stage renal disease. Pterostilbene (PT) is identified to be homologous derivative of resveratrol and exerts antioxidant and anti-inflammatory actions. However, the effects of PT on uraemic serum-induced endothelial cell damage have not been elucidated...
November 1, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077881/interplay-among-h3k9-editing-enzymes-suv39h1-jmjd2c-and-src-1-drives-p66shc-transcription-and-vascular-oxidative-stress-in-obesity
#17
Sarah Costantino, Francesco Paneni, Agostino Virdis, Shafaat Hussain, Shafeeq Ahmed Mohammed, Giuliana Capretti, Alexander Akhmedov, Kevin Dalgaard, Sergio Chiandotto, J Andrew Pospisilik, Thomas Jenuwein, Marco Giorgio, Massimo Volpe, Stefano Taddei, Thomas F Lüscher, Francesco Cosentino
Aims: Accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) promotes vascular disease in obesity, but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain poorly understood. The adaptor p66Shc is emerging as a key molecule responsible for ROS generation and vascular damage. This study investigates whether epigenetic regulation of p66Shc contributes to obesity-related vascular disease. Methods and results: ROS-driven endothelial dysfunction was observed in visceral fat arteries (VFAs) isolated from obese subjects when compared with normal weight controls...
October 25, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075011/neonatal-exposure-to-high-oxygen-levels-leads-to-impaired-ischemia-induced-neovascularization-in-adulthood
#18
Raphael Mathieu, Sylvie Dussault, Michel Desjarlais, François Rivard, Wahiba Dhahri, Anik Cloutier, Anne-Monique Nuyt, Alain Rivard
Adverse perinatal conditions can lead to developmental programming of cardiovascular diseases. Prematurely born infants are often exposed to high oxygen levels, which in animal models has been associated with endothelial dysfunction, hypertension, and cardiac remodeling during adulthood. Here we found that adult mice that have been transiently exposed to O2 after birth show defective neovasculariation after hindlimb ischemia, as demonstrated by impaired blood flow recovery, reduced vascular density in ischemic muscles and increased tissue damages...
October 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047084/ros-signaling-in-the-pathogenesis-of-acute-lung-injury-ali-and-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-ards
#19
Manuela Kellner, Satish Noonepalle, Qing Lu, Anup Srivastava, Evgeny Zemskov, Stephen M Black
The generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) plays an important role for the maintenance of cellular processes and functions in the body. However, the excessive generation of oxygen radicals under pathological conditions such as acute lung injury (ALI) and its most severe form acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) leads to increased endothelial permeability. Within this hallmark of ALI and ARDS, vascular microvessels lose their junctional integrity and show increased myosin contractions that promote the migration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) and the transition of solutes and fluids in the alveolar lumen...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042481/the-matricellular-protein-tsp1-promotes-human-and-mouse-endothelial-cell-senescence-through-cd47-and-nox1
#20
Daniel N Meijles, Sanghamitra Sahoo, Imad Al Ghouleh, Jefferson H Amaral, Raquel Bienes-Martinez, Heather E Knupp, Shireen Attaran, John C Sembrat, Seyed M Nouraie, Mauricio M Rojas, Enrico M Novelli, Mark T Gladwin, Jeffrey S Isenberg, Eugenia Cifuentes-Pagano, Patrick J Pagano
Senescent cells withdraw from the cell cycle and do not proliferate. The prevalence of senescent compared to normally functioning parenchymal cells increases with age, impairing tissue and organ homeostasis. A contentious principle governing this process has been the redox theory of aging. We linked matricellular protein thrombospondin 1 (TSP1) and its receptor CD47 to the activation of NADPH oxidase 1 (Nox1), but not of the other closely related Nox isoforms, and associated oxidative stress, and to senescence in human cells and aged tissue...
October 17, 2017: Science Signaling
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