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Abhilasha Siyag, Tej P Soni, Anil K Gupta, Lalit M Sharma, Naresh Jakhotia, Shantanu Sharma
Plasmacytoma of the skull-base is a rare entity. Differential diagnosis includes chordoma, osteosarcoma, carcinoma nasopharynx, meningioma, metastatic carcinoma, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma. Accurate and precise diagnosis is extremely important for plasmacytoma of the skull-base as its treatment and prognosis is different from other skull-base lesions. A 41-year-old man presented with concerns of headache, diplopia, and left eye strabismus. A magnetic resonance image (MRI) of his brain showed a large expansile mass measuring 51 mm involving the clivus and central skull-base...
January 15, 2018: Curēus
Daisy Godts, Isabel Deboutte, Danny G P Mathysen
PURPOSE: To evaluate the evolution of horizontal deviation and fusional amplitudes both at distance and at near in patients with age-related distance esotropia (ARDET). METHODS: The medical records of consecutive patients diagnosed with ARDET between January 2008 and March 2016 were reviewed retrospectively. Patients with at least 60 months' follow-up were eligible for inclusion. Horizontal deviation, fusional convergence amplitude, and fusional divergence amplitude both at distance and at near were compared...
March 15, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Vishaal Bhambhwani, Rasha Al Taie, Judy Ku, Justin Mora
PURPOSE: To analyze the additive effect of supplementing verbal consent with written patient information sheets in optimizing patients' and families' understanding of strabismus surgery. METHODS: A prospective randomized study was conducted with 28 patients for strabismus surgery randomized into two groups: group 1 with standardized oral informed consent, and group 2 with standardized oral consent and a written information sheet. A confidential questionnaire with 13 questions was completed by patients and families before surgery...
March 13, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Louis F Dell'Osso, Richard W Hertle, Jonathan B Jacobs
PURPOSE: To describe the effects of extraocular muscle extirpation performed after previous eye muscle surgery in a 20-year-old woman with infantile nystagmus syndrome (INS) for whom we have 19 years of follow-up data. METHODS: Clinical examinations were performed. Eye movement data analysis was carried out using the eXpanded Nystagmus Acuity Function (NAFX) and longest foveation domain (LFD). RESULTS: The patient re-presented to the authors at age 20, 2 years after bilateral anterior myectomy of the horizontal rectus muscles, bilateral anterior nasal transposition of the inferior oblique muscle, and bilateral superior oblique recessions...
March 13, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Shailja Tibrewal, Ramesh Kekunnaya
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to determine the risk of anterior segment ischemia (ASI) after simultaneous three rectus muscle surgery. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. All patients who underwent simultaneous three rectus muscle surgery from January 2003 to December 2014 were included. Medical records were reviewed for signs of acute ASI in the postoperative period or presence of any late sequelae. Those patients who had pre-existing corneal pathology obscuring visualisation of anterior chamber and iris were excluded...
March 16, 2018: Strabismus
Miles J Burke, R V Paul Chan, Ilana B Friedman, Donny W Suh, Rudolph S Wagner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Temitope Adebayo, Michael Abendroth, Gaytri Gupta Elera, Allen Kunselman, Elizabeth Sinz, Amanda Ely, Amr Elkamshoushy, Ajay Soni
PURPOSE: To demonstrate that a nonbiologic strabismus surgery simulator is not inferior to a biologic wet lab for teaching the key steps of strabismus surgery. METHODS: A total of 41 medical students were randomly assigned to one of two groups: biologic wet lab or nonbiologic simulator. The students trained according to the group's protocol then participated in a recorded final assessment using a realistic strabismus surgery model. Two independent reviewers, masked to training method, graded the video recordings using three scoring systems: the International Council of Ophthalmology Approved-Ophthalmology Surgical Competency Assessment Rubric for Strabismus Surgery (ICO-OSCAR), the Global Rating Scale of Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skills (OSATS), and the Alphabetic Summary Scale (ASS)...
March 10, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Hopker Luisa Moreira, Neves Juliana de Carvalho, Nascimento Daiane Jaqueline, Campos Eliene Dutra, Mendonça Tomas Scalamandre, Zanoteli Edmar, Allemann Norma
To determine the changes in the cross-sectional area (CSA) of myofibers and their subtype distribution based on the myosin isoform expression after bupivacaine (BUP) injection in the EOM of rabbits and help the understanding of strabismus correction after BUP injection in the clinical practice. A total of 32 rabbits received 0.3 mL of 1.5% BUP in the superior rectus muscle (SR) of the right eye (OD) and were sacrificed at days 7, 28, 60, and 92. Additional eight untouched rabbits were included as controls...
March 9, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
Marisabel Magnifico, Diana Cassi, Mauro Gandolfini, Andrea Toffoli, Piero A Zecca, Alberto DI Blasio
BACKGROUND: Moebius syndrome is a rare condition characterized by bilateral facial and abducens nerve paralysis. The aim of this study is to evaluate the main orthodontic features and the frequency of associated clinical characteristics in patients with Moebius Syndrome (MS). METHODS: According to Terzis classifications, 58 patients with MS aged 8 months to 46 years old underwent orthodontics and clinical examination. RESULTS: Strabismus, upper and lower limb malformations, lip and palatal cleft were frequently associated with MS...
March 8, 2018: Minerva Stomatologica
Shoaib Hassan, Anjana Haridas, Venki Sundaram
BACKGROUND: Strabismus, or squint, can be defined as a deviation from perfect ocular alignment and can be classified in many ways according to its aetiology and presentation. Treatment can be broadly divided into medical and surgical options, with a variety of surgical techniques being available, including the use of adjustable or non-adjustable sutures for the extraocular muscles. There exists an uncertainty as to which of these techniques produces a better surgical outcome, and an opinion that the adjustable suture technique may be of greater benefit in certain situations...
March 12, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Mansooreh Bagheri, Manajid Farvardin
PURPOSE: To review the association of postoperative ocular alignment, sensory outcomes, and need for reoperation after surgical management of infantile exotropia. METHODS: The clinical records of patients who presented with constant infantile exotropia of >25Δ and subsequently underwent strabismus surgery at a single center from 2004 to 2014 were reviewed retrospectively. Postoperative binocular sensory status was assessed using Worth 4-Dot and Titmus stereoacuity tests...
March 8, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Achim Fieß, Ruth Kölb-Keerl, Alexander K Schuster, Markus Knuf, Bernd Kirchhof, Philipp S Muether, Jacqueline Bauer
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between visual acuity, peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (pRNFL), retinal thickness at the fovea and other factors with the neurologic status of former preterm children. METHODS: In this cross-sectional hospital based study in a maximum care tertiary centre, detailed anthropometric and ophthalmological data of former preterm children ranging from 4 to 10 years of age with a gestational age (GA) ≤32 weeks were assessed...
March 9, 2018: Acta Ophthalmologica
Virginia Miraldi Utz, Wanda Pfeifer, Susannah Q Longmuir, Richard John Olson, Kai Wang, Arlene V Drack
Importance: Congenital stationary night blindness (CSNB) implies a stable condition, with the major symptom being nyctalopia present at birth. Pediatric clinical presentation and the course of different genetic subtypes of CSNB have not, to our knowledge, been well described in the era of molecular genetic diagnosis. Objective: To describe the presentation and longitudinal clinical characteristics of pediatric patients with molecularly confirmed TRPM1-associated complete CSNB (cCSNB)...
March 8, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
Jianhua Yan, Yun Wen, Zhonghao Wang
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to observe the surgical outcomes of suture globe fixation to the orbital wall for patients with complicated strabismus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of patients with complicated strabismus who were treated at the Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China, from January 2010 to June 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Routine strabismus surgery was not possible in these cases. Eyes were anchored to the orbital wall by simple strong anastomosis of the extraocular muscle and orbital wall tissues using silk suture, which resulted in slight overcorrection of the ultimate ocular position after anchoring...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Jéssica Araújo Figueira, Fábio Roberto de Souza Batista, Karina Rosso, Vanessa Cristina Veltrini, Angelo José Pavan
Gorlin-Goltz syndrome (GGS), also known as nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome, is an autosomal dominant inherited disorder with high penetrance and variable expressivity. The classic triad originally described by Gorlin and Goltz in 1960 is composed of multiple nevoid basal cell carcinomas (NBCCs), odontogenic keratocysts (OKCs) in the jaws and bifid ribs. in 1977, this triad was modified by Rayner et al, and to GGS diagnosis, the OKCs had to appear in combination with calcification of the cerebellar falx or palmar and plantar pits...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Daniel B Rootman, Shani Golan, Peter Pavlovich, Jack Rootman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
David R Jordan, Norman Mainville, Stephen R Klapper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Karen Revere, Gil Binenbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Md Shahid Alam, Srikanth Ramasubramanian, Sumita Agarkar, Bipasha Mukherjee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Katherine G Gold, Stacy Scofield, Steven R Isaacson, Michael W Stewart, Michael Kazim
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of orbital radiotherapy (ORT) in the treatment of thyroid eye disease (TED)-compressive optic neuropathy. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients with corticosteroid-responsive compressive optic neuropathy due to TED treated with ORT. Study was conducted in compliance with Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. One hundred four patients (163 orbits) with a mean age of 61.7 years met inclusion criteria. Seventy-four percent (77/104) were female, and 32...
March 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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