keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Strabismus

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145554/prevalence-and-associations-of-central-peripheral-rivalry-type-diplopia-in-patients-with-epiretinal-membrane
#1
Kevin K Veverka, Sarah R Hatt, David A Leske, William L Brown, Andrew J Barkmeier, Raymond Iezzi, Jonathan M Holmes
Importance: The prevalence and clinical associations of patients with epiretinal membrane (ERM) who develop central-peripheral rivalry (CPR)-type diplopia are unknown. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of CPR-type diplopia in retinal disease clinic patients with ERM and to determine clinical findings associated with CPR-type diplopia. Design, Setting and Participants: A prospective cross-sectional study of 31 patients with ERM from retinal disease clinics to determine the prevalence of CPR-type diplopia...
November 16, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135357/short-term-refractive-effects-of-propranolol-hydrochloride-prophylaxis-on-retinopathy-of-prematurity-in-very-preterm-newborns
#2
Levent Korkmaz, Cagatay Karaca, Mustafa Ali Akin, Osman Bastug, Mustafa Sahiner, Ahmet Ozdemir, Tamer Gunes, Mehmet Adnan Ozturk, Selim Kurtoglu
PURPOSE: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is one of the major problems of surviving premature infants with several ophthalmic morbidities such as increased risk of refractive errors, strabismus, and cortical visual impairment. Use of propranolol hydrochloride (PH) for the prevention of ROP is a new promising treatment modality. However, long-term effects are still to be defined. In our study, we aimed to investigate the short-term refractive effects of PH used for ROP prophylaxis in very preterm newborns...
November 14, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135316/final-visual-outcomes-and-treatment-received-for-children-referred-from-a-uk-primary-school-visual-screening-program-a-comparison-of-an-orthoptic-led-program-with-orthoptic-delivered-services
#3
Tess Garretty
There is little published evidence relating to the final visual acuity of children who are identified as having reduced vision at a school screening program. The school vision screening program in Leeds (led by an orthoptist but delivered by health care support workers within the school nursing team) is examined. RESULTS: 7807 children were screened in school between November 1, 2013, and September 1, 2014. Of these, 319 (4%) failed the screen and were referred to the general optometry service and 547 (7%) were referred to the Children's Community Eye Service (CCES)...
November 14, 2017: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135308/anomalous-lateral-rectus-muscle-band-in-a-case-of-duane-retraction-syndrome
#4
Suma Ganesh, Shailja Tibrewal, Abhijeet Yadav, Sumita Sethi
Anomalous orbital structures are suspected in restrictive strabismus with features of severe globe retractions, overshoots, or synergistic movements. We report a case of suspected Duane syndrome that was found to have an anomalous band beneath the lateral rectus muscle. Such abnormal structures are rare, but it is important to identify and manage them to optimize outcomes.
November 14, 2017: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133649/is-pediatric-ophthalmology-a-popular-subspecialty-in-india-present-scenario-and-future-remedies
#5
Sucheta Parija, Preetam Mahajan
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to assess the attitude and perceptions of residents regarding Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (POS) subspecialty training. We also explored the possible barriers and solutions to promoting POS in India. METHODS: A questionnaire consisting of 20 items, with a 5-point Likert scale, was provided to all postgraduate residents of Ophthalmology in the year 2013-2014. Semistructured interview of a selected panel of experts was carried out to understand the challenges, barriers, and opportunities for developing POS subspecialty in India...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133629/pediatric-ophthalmology-and-strabismus-in-india-wake-up-call-and-the-way-forward
#6
EDITORIAL
Ramesh Kekunnaya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133438/normal-topography-and-binocularity-of-the-superior-colliculus-in-strabismus
#7
John R Economides, Brittany C Rapone, Daniel L Adams, Jonathan C Horton
In subjects with alternating strabismus either eye can be used to saccade to visual targets. The brain must calculate the correct vector for each saccade, which will depend on the eye chosen to make it. The superior colliculus, a major midbrain center for saccade generation, was examined to determine if the maps serving each eye were shifted to compensate for strabismus.Alternating exotropia was induced in two male macaques at age one month by sectioning the tendons of the medial recti. Once the animals grew to maturity, they were trained to fixate targets with either eye...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132914/comparison-of-cyclopentolate-versus-tropicamide-cycloplegia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Negareh Yazdani, Ramin Sadeghi, Hamed Momeni-Moghaddam, Leili Zarifmahmoudi, Asieh Ehsaei
PURPOSE: The aim of the present meta-analysis is to compare the efficacy of cyclopentolate and tropicamide in controlling accommodation during refraction. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was performed in PubMed, Scopus, Science direct and Ovid databases by the key words: "tropicamide"; "cyclopentolate"; "cycloplegia" and "cycloplegic" from inception to April 2016. Methodological quality of the literature was evaluated according to the Oxford Center for Evidence Based Medicine and modified Newcastle-Ottawa scale...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131915/visual-and-refractive-outcomes-of-children-after-early-secondary-cataract-extraction-following-wound-repair-for-penetrating-ocular-trauma
#9
Kamaldeep Arora, Priyanka Arora, Suma Ganesh, Shriya Gupta, Rashmi Ranjan Das
PURPOSE: To evaluate the visual and refractive outcomes in children 8 years of age or younger with corneal laceration and cataract following penetrating ocular injuries who underwent primary corneal tear repair followed within 1 to 8 weeks by early secondary cataract extraction. METHODS: This retrospective, non-comparative case series reviewed the admission and operative charts of children 8 years of age or younger (range: 3 to 8 years) who underwent corneal wound repair as the primary surgical procedure followed within 1 to 8 weeks by cataract extraction with intraocular lens implantation, with a minimum follow-up period of 6 months...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131914/pediatric-orbital-primitive-neuroectodermal-tumors
#10
Tayyab Afghani, Hassan Mansoor, Syed Naeem Raza Hamdani
PURPOSE: To present the clinical, radiological, histopathological, immunohistochemical features and the follow-up of orbital primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) in pediatric patients along with a review of the literature. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all diagnosed cases of orbital PNET was done. Patients' ophthalmic findings, imaging, immunohistochemistry, metastatic work-up, treatment, globe salvation, and survival were documented and a mini literature review of orbital PNET was performed...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131913/unilateral-congenital-cataract-clinical-profile-and-presentation
#11
Sudarshan Khokhar, Cijin P Jose, Ramanjit Sihota, Neha Midha
PURPOSE: To study the clinical profile and presentation of children with unilateral cataract. METHODS: In this hospital-based, observational, cross-sectional study, patients 15 years of age or younger who presented with unilateral cataract were recruited. Cases of cataract secondary to causes such as trauma or uveitis were excluded. Age at detection and presentation, distance from the treatment center, presenting complaints, cataract morphology, and biometry were noted for each case...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131912/practice-patterns-in-the-management-of-amblyopia-a-survey-study
#12
Jacquelyn Laplant, Aldo Vagge, Leonard B Nelson
PURPOSE: To characterize current practice preferences of pediatric ophthalmologists in the management of amblyopia and whether these are influenced by demographic variables. METHODS: A 10-question survey was distributed to all pediatric ophthalmologists and fellows attending the Annual Joseph H. Calhoun Pediatric Ophthalmology Forum at Wills Eye Hospital in 2016. The questionnaire consisted of demographic information and clinical management of amblyopia using clinical scenarios commonly encountered in pediatric ophthalmology practice...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131911/time-and-factors-affecting-the-direction-of-re-drift-in-essential-infantile-esotropia
#13
Kun-Hoo Na, Yoonae A Cho, Seung-Hyun Kim
PURPOSE: To investigate the development pattern and related factors of postoperative re-drift in infantile esotropia. METHODS: A total of 112 patients with infantile esotropia who underwent surgery before 3 years of age were included. Surgical outcomes were divided into (1) consecutive exotropia: more than 8 prism diopters (PD) of exodeviation; (2) recurrent esotropia: more than 8 PD of esodeviation; and (3) monofixation syndrome: maintenance of deviations within 8 PD...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131910/resistant-infantile-bacterial-conjunctivitis-in-egypt-a-microbiology-study
#14
Aiman Abdeltawwab Hashish, Molham Abdelhafez Elbakary, Waleed Abdelhady Allam
PURPOSE: To study the microbiological aspects of infantile bacterial conjunctivitis resistant to empirical topical antibiotic therapy in Egypt. METHODS: Ninety-two eyes of 86 infants with bacterial conjunctivitis were included in this prospective study. They all failed to show evidence of clinical improvement after 2 weeks of empirical topical antibiotic therapy. Conjunctival swabs were obtained from all patients for bacterial culture and antibiotic sensitivity testing...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130674/-efficacy-of-superior-rectus-and-lateral-rectus-muscle-belly-union-surgery-for-myopic-strabismus-fixus
#15
Guo-Yuan Yang, Long-Qian Liu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of superior rectus (SR) and lateral rectus (LR) union suture without scleral fixation for the treatment of myopic strabismus fixus. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on 27 eyes of 16 patients who underwent lateral part of SR and superior part of LR muscle belly union between January 2010 and October 2015. We collected the ocular data including: best corrected visual acuity,axial length,CT or MRI images,orthoptic measurements (by prism test),and eye movements pre- and postoperatively...
September 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121140/complications-of-cosmetic-eye-whitening
#16
Ann Q Tran, Catherine Hoppener, Nandini Venkateswaran, Daniel S Choi, Wendy W Lee
Introduced in 2008 and subsequently popularized in South Korea, cosmetic eye whitening has been offered as a treatment of chronic conjunctival hyperemia. Patients undergo conjunctivectomy with topical mitomycin C (MMC) 0.02% application to achieve a whitened appearance from bleaching of avascular sclera. Much speculation has arisen from this procedure given the limited available evidence on its efficacy and safety. A literature search was performed to review common complications of cosmetic eye whitening, including chronic conjunctival epithelial defects, scleral thinning, avascular zones in the sclera, dry eye syndrome, and diplopia requiring strabismus surgery...
September 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117610/-evaluation-of-ophthalmic-follow-up-care-of-former-pre-term-and-full-term-infants-aged-from-4-to-10-years-in-germany-results-of-the-wiesbaden-prematurity-study-wps
#17
Achim Fieß, Ruth Kölb-Keerl, Heike Maria Elflein, Alexander K Schuster, Markus Knuf, Bernd Kirchhof, Isabel Oberacher-Velten, Philipp S Muether, Jacqueline Bauer
Background The purpose of this investigation was to analyse the ophthalmic follow-up care of former pre-term and full-term born infants aged 4 to 10 years in the clinical practice and the comparison to the recommendations of the national ophthalmic guidelines. Methods For the prospective Wiesbaden Prematurity Study (WPS), 503 infants were examined: 239 former pre-term infants (PT) with gestational age (GA) ≤ 32 weeks and 264 former full-term born infants (FT) with a GA ≥ 37 weeks aged 4 to 10 years...
November 8, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111829/effect-of-cryopreserved-amniotic-membrane-on-the-mechanical-properties-of-skeletal-muscle-after-strabismus-surgery-in-rabbits
#18
Marta Sierra, Ángel Ortillés, Francisco J Miana-Mena, Jorge Grasa, Begoña Calvo
PURPOSE: To study the functional recovery of the superior rectus muscle (SRM) after its partial resection in a rabbit model with and without cryopreserved amniotic membrane (AM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Resection of the right and left SRMs of 30 rabbits was performed. On the left eyes, a single sheet of equine cryopreserved AM was placed covering the muscle edge sutured. Active and passive mechanical properties of muscles operated with and without AM were monitored over time at 30 (n = 10), 60 (n = 10), and 90 (n = 10) days after surgery...
November 7, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111827/prism-under-cover-test-in-alternate-fixation-horizontal-strabismus
#19
Jaime Tejedor, Francisco José Gutiérrez-Carmona
PURPOSE: To evaluate the applicability of the prism under cover test (PUCT) to quantify manifest deviation in horizontal strabismus with alternate fixation when simultaneous prism and cover test (SPCT) is not feasible. METHODS: Children aged 4-11 years, with alternate fixation horizontal strabismus and alternate prism and cover test (APCT) distance deviation (DD) up to 25 PD were eligible. In group 1 of the study, SPCT was not feasible (n = 18), whereas in group 2, it was feasible (n = 24)...
November 7, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109659/amblyopia-in-children-analysis-among-preschool-and-school-children-in-the-city-of-tuzla-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#20
Amra Nadarevic Vodencarevic, Vahid Jusufovic, Meliha Halilbasic, Emina Alimanovic, Svjetlana Terzic, Emir Cabric, Aida Drljevic, Mufid Burgic
Aim: This study measured the prevalence of amblyopia in preschool and school children between 4 and 15 years of age in Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina and as well and to examine its relations with anisometropia and strabismus. Methods: Children from eight daycare centers and twenty four elementary schools were screened for amblyopia by volunteer personnel (medical students), any child who failed to pass the screening examination, was referred to the ophthalmologist for complete examination at University Clinic Center Tuzla...
September 2017: Materia Socio-medica
keyword
keyword
2094
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"