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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346468/congenital-restrictive-strabismus
#1
Bashar M Bata, James A Garrity, Michael C Brodsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340697/genetic-and-clinical-evidence-of-mitochondrial-dysfunction-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-intellectual-disability
#2
Alba Valiente-Pallejà, Helena Torrell, Gerard Muntané, Maria J Cortés, Rafael Martínez-Leal, Nerea Abasolo, Yolanda Alonso, Elisabet Vilella, Lourdes Martorell
Clinical conditions commonly associated with mitochondrial disorders (CAMDs) are often present in autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and intellectual disability (ID). Therefore, the mitochondrial dysfunction hypothesis has been proposed as a transversal mechanism that may function in both disorders. Here, we investigated the presence of conditions associated with mitochondrial disorders and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) alterations in 122 subjects who presented ASD with ID (ASD group), 115 subjects who presented ID but not ASD (ID group) and 112 healthy controls (HC group)...
January 11, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339174/the-impact-of-strabismus-surgery-on-gait-pattern-in-patients-with-congenital-or-starting-within-one-year-of-age-strabismus
#3
Enrica Sipio, Anna Dickmann, Irene Aprile, Marco Germanotta, Chiara Simbolotti, Annabella Salerni, Gustavo Savino, Luca Padua
Strabismus is a common visual disorder that negatively affects walking and balance. Therapeutic interventions for strabismus include strabismus surgery. Few studies investigated the relationship between strabismus surgery and postural control while, to the best of our knowledge, none has been conducted to assess the influence of strabismus surgery on gait. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the locomotion characteristics over patients with congenital or starting within one year of age strabismus, one month and three months after strabismus surgery...
January 12, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339065/accommodative-esotropia-treatment-plan-utilizing-simultaneous-strabismus-surgery-and-photorefractive-keratectomy
#4
H Sprague Eustis, Pulin Shah
PURPOSE: Accommodative esotropia is a common cause of acquired esotropia. Pathogenesis varies among patients but usually includes excessive hyperopia and a high accommodative convergence/accommodation ratio or tight medial recti. The present study reviews an individualized treatment plan combining photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and strabismus surgery to correct these problems. DESIGN: This study is a retrospective, interventional case series. METHODS: Records for 15 patients who were treated for accommodative esotropia were reviewed...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332227/accommodative-esotropia-the-state-of-the-art
#5
REVIEW
Andrea Lembo, Massimiliano Serafino, Marika Dello Strologo, Richard A Saunders, Rupal H Trivedi, Edoardo Villani, Paolo Nucci
PURPOSE: To review the state of the art of Accommodative Esotropia (AE) through careful study of what has been reported up to the point in literature. METHODS: A literature search was done on PubMed using key words including "Accommodative esotropia", "Infantile esotropia", "Strabismus" and "Accommodation". We systematically reviewed and critically appraised what has been written about AE and we tried to analyze that according to the current management of AE. RESULTS: Accommodative Esotropia (AE) is a form of strabismus characterized by convergent misalignment of the visual axes that can be associated with hyperopia and abnormal fusional divergence...
January 13, 2018: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325385/-the-effect-of-surgical-methods-and-postoperative-eye-position-on-the-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-intermittent-exotropia
#6
C Q Yuan, H Zhu, J Y Zhu, L X Xiao, Q Zhang, H Liu
Objective: To evaluate the effects of different surgical methods and postoperative eye positions on the quality of life of children with intermittent exotropia (IXT) and their parents 3 months following strabismus surgery. Methods: Clinical observation. One-hundred and eighty children aged 2 to 17 years with IXT who received surgical treatment were recruited. One parent of each child was investigated by using 2 kinds of the Chinese version of the Intermittent Exotropia Questionnaires (CIXTQ) within 1 weeks before and at 3 months after surgery: the parent proxy scale (for parents to assess children's health related quality of life (HRQoL)) and the parent scale (containing functional, psychosocial and surgery subscales; for parents to assess their HRQoL)...
December 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325384/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-strabismus-caused-by-nasal-endoscopic-surgery
#7
L K Ai, X Wu, J N Wang, J Li, Y Wu, J Zhou, W X Song, R L Guo
Objective: Strabismus with diplopia is the main orbital complication of functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). This study was to analyze clinical findings, treatment and outcomes of such cases. Methods: Retrospective case series. Twenty-three cases were divided into 3 groups based on the disease severity: group A, partial transection of the medial rectus muscle, group B, complete transection of the medical rectus, group C, transection of the medial rectus combined with the other orbital injuries. Complete ophthalmology examinations, including eye alignment, eye motility, force duction test, force generation test, general eye exam, and medical imaging (orbital CT or MRI), were performed for each case...
December 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325383/-clinical-features-and-surgical-outcomes-of-acute-acquired-comitant-esotropia
#8
M Y Ren, Q Wang, L H Wang
Objective: To investigate the clinical features and surgical outcomes of patients with acute acquired concomitant esotropia (AACE) type Ⅱ(AACE-Ⅱ) and type Ⅲ (AACE-Ⅲ). Methods: Retrospective case series analysis. Medical records of consecutive patients who underwent strabismus surgery for AACE-Ⅱ and AACE-Ⅲ in Shandong Provincial Hospital affiliated to Shandong University between January 2011 and June 2016 with a minimum follow-up time of 3 months were collected. Each patient underwent a complete ophthalmological and orthoptic examination to exclude esotropia resulting from other reasons, and a systemic assessment to exclude AACE related to intracranial and systemic diseases...
December 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325381/-longterm-surgery-outcome-of-m%C3%A3-bius-syndrome
#9
J Cen, X L Kang, J Yu, L Y Dong, Y Wei, K X Zhao
Objective: To investigate clinical features and the long-term surgery results of Möbius syndrome patients. Methods: This investigation presents a retrospective study of Möbius syndrome in 7 children we found since 2009. All 7 patients had MRI scan, ocular alignment in primary position, the limitation of versions and ductions and forced duction under general anesthesia. Early surgery is done to the 7 esotropia children. The pre-operative and post-operative outcomes, including the ocular alignment, deviation measurements and ocular rotations, were evaluated and compared...
December 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325380/-could-binocular-treatment-be-a-substitute-for-patching
#10
X F Shi, K X Zhao
Amblyopia is a common eye disease with a high prevalence in clinical practice of pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus. The primary treatment strategy for amblyopia is precise correction of refractive errors and patching of the dominant eye. The application of patching has a history of more than 200 years, and now is still the most effective method for treatment of amblyopia. Similar to the principle of traditional patching, atropine penalization has been testified that it can be used as an initial treatment for amblyopia with similar therapeutic effects as patching...
December 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323426/vision-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-critical-review
#11
REVIEW
Julie-Anne Little
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a common neurodevelopmental condition with approximately 1-2 per cent prevalence in the population. The condition has lifelong effects for the individual and family, and early intervention and management helps maximise quality of life and outcomes. Many studies of vision in ASD have attempted to link the behavioural and sensory deficits in ASD with underlying visual processing. From this work, it is clear that individuals with ASD 'see' and process the world differently, but there remain gaps in our understanding...
January 11, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319400/deep-lateral-wall-orbital-decompression-following-strabismus-surgery-in-patients-with-type-ii-ophthalmic-graves-disease
#12
Michael P Ellis, Emily C Broxterman, Alan R Hromas, Thomas J Whittaker, Jason A Sokol
PURPOSE: Surgical management of ophthalmic Graves' disease traditionally involves, in order, orbital decompression, followed by strabismus surgery and eyelid surgery. Nunery et al. previously described two distinct sub-types of patients with ophthalmic Graves' disease; Type I patients exhibit no restrictive myopathy (no diplopia) as opposed to Type II patients who do exhibit restrictive myopathy (diplopia) and are far more likely to develop new-onset worsening diplopia following medial wall and floor decompression...
January 10, 2018: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313409/adjustable-strabismus-surgery-under-topical-anesthesia-alignment-in-supine-vs-seated-position
#13
Pilar Merino Sanz Md PhD, Jorge Márquez Md, José Diogo Lourenço Md, Pilar Gómez De Liaño Md, Rosario Gómez De Liaño Md PhD, Cristina Vidal
PURPOSE: To compare ocular deviation in the operating room depending on whether the patient is in supine decubitus or seated after single-stage adjustable strabismus surgery under topical anesthesia. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We performed a prospective observational study of 30 patients with horizontal and/or vertical strabismus who underwent single stage adjustable strabismus surgery under topical anesthesia. Both distance and near deviation were evaluated before surgery, during surgery in both positions (seated and supine), and at 1 day, 1 month, and 3 months after surgery...
January 9, 2018: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312545/retrospective-investigation-of-retinoblastoma-in-chinese-patients
#14
Liwen Jin, Wei Zhang, Hong Pan, Tengyan Li, Beihong Liu, Junyang Zhao, Binbin Wang
This is a retrospective investigation of patients with Retinoblastoma (RB) conducted from 2013 to 2016 at the Quanzhou Maternal and Child Health Hospital (China). Demographic and clinical characteristics, treatment outcomes, and risk factors were studied. In total, 436 patients were included in the study. Most of the findings obtained in this study are consistent with other previous reports. The male: female ratio was 1.41:1, and the unilateral: bilateral ratio was 1.51:1. Leukocoria was the most common presenting sign (79...
December 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306865/binocular-stereo-acuity-affects-monocular-three-dimensional-shape-perception-in-patients-with-strabismus
#15
Hiromasa Sawamura, Céline R Gillebert, James T Todd, Guy A Orban
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate the perception of three-dimensional (3D) shape in patients with strabismus and the contributions of stereopsis and monocular cues to this perception. METHODS: Twenty-one patients with strabismus with and 20 without stereo acuity as well as 25 age-matched normal volunteers performed two tasks: (1) identifying the closest vertices of 3D shapes from monocular shading (3D-SfS), texture (3D-SfT) or motion cues (3D-SfM) and from binocular disparity (3D-SfD), (2) discriminating 1D elementary features of these cues...
January 6, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305730/early-postoperative-changes-of-motor-alignment-after-surgery-for-intermittent-exotropia
#16
Seok Hyun Bae, Young Bok Lee, Soolienah Rhiu, Joo Yeon Lee, Mi Young Choi, Key Hwan Lim, Dong Gyu Choi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the early postoperative changes of the angle of deviation after surgery for intermittent exotropia. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 114 patients who had been surgically treated for intermittent exotropia and followed-up on postoperatively for 1 month or more. Patients were observed at postoperative 6 h, 1 day, 1 week, and 1 month. The main outcome measure was the change of the angle of deviation during the early postoperative period (from 6 h to 1 day postoperatively)...
January 5, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302694/effectiveness-of-a-binocular-video-game-vs-placebo-video-game-for-improving-visual-functions-in-older-children-teenagers-and-adults-with-amblyopia-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Tina Y Gao, Cindy X Guo, Raiju J Babu, Joanna M Black, William R Bobier, Arijit Chakraborty, Shuan Dai, Robert F Hess, Michelle Jenkins, Yannan Jiang, Lisa S Kearns, Lionel Kowal, Carly S Y Lam, Peter C K Pang, Varsha Parag, Roberto Pieri, Rajkumar Nallour Raveendren, Jayshree South, Sandra Elfride Staffieri, Angela Wadham, Natalie Walker, Benjamin Thompson
Importance: Binocular amblyopia treatment using contrast-rebalanced stimuli showed promise in laboratory studies and requires clinical trial investigation in a home-based setting. Objective: To compare the effectiveness of a binocular video game with a placebo video game for improving visual functions in older children and adults. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Binocular Treatment of Amblyopia Using Videogames clinical trial was a multicenter, double-masked, randomized clinical trial...
January 4, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298208/electrophysiology-of-extraocular-cranial-nerves-oculomotor-trochlear-and-abducens-nerve
#18
Praveen Hariharan, Jeffery R Balzer, Katherine Anetakis, Donald J Crammond, Parthasarathy D Thirumala
The utility of extraocular cranial nerve electrophysiologic recordings lies primarily in the operating room during skull base surgeries. Surgical manipulation during skull base surgeries poses a risk of injury to multiple cranial nerves, including those innervating extraocular muscles. Because tumors distort normal anatomic relationships, it becomes particularly challenging to identify cranial nerve structures. Studies have reported the benefits of using intraoperative spontaneous electromyographic recordings and compound muscle action potentials evoked by electrical stimulation in preventing postoperative neurologic deficits...
January 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297726/long-term-surgical-outcomes-in-the-sagging-eye-syndrome
#19
Zia Chaudhuri, Joseph L Demer
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Strabismus due to sagging eye syndrome (SES) caused by age-related connective tissue involution is now an established cause of diplopia in older people. High suspicion of the condition results in early recognition, often obviating extensive neurological investigations and enabling surgical correction of the strabismus. METHODS: This retrospective study reviewed surgical results in 93 patients (40 males) of average age 68 ± 12 years, who had small-angle strabismus due to SES, during the 20-year period 1994-2014...
January 3, 2018: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296557/use-of-biodegradable-collagen-glycosaminoglycan-copolymer-matrix-implant-to-reduce-postoperative-fibrosis-in-strabismus-surgery
#20
Thiago Gonçalves Dos Santos Martins, Ana Luiza Fontes de Azevedo Costa, Antonio Carlos Centelhas, Diogo Gonçalves Dos Santos Martins
The occurrence of restrictive strabismus after conjunctival surgeries is widely described in the literature. Fibrosis causes adherence of the conjunctiva to the Tenon's capsule, intermuscular membrane, adipose orbital tissue, sclera, and extraocular muscle tissue. Fibrosis causes adherence of the conjunctiva to the Tenon's capsule, intermuscular membrane, adipose orbital tissue, sclera, and extraocular muscle tissue. We report a case of the use of a biodegradable collagen-glycosaminoglycan copolymer matrix implant (Ologen®) as an alternative adjuvant, used as a spacer to mechanically separate the subconjunctival and episcleral tissues to prevent fibrosis in a patient undergoing a surgical correction for a strabismus with a restrictive component due to previous surgeries of pterygium excision...
October 2017: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
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