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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650877/the-resurgence-of-botulinum-toxin-injection-for-strabismus-in-children
#1
Marielle Mahan, J Mark Engel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review discusses recent advances in the use of botulinum toxin for the management of strabismus in children. RECENT FINDINGS: Botulinum toxin injection produces similar results compared to surgery for certain subtypes of strabismus, especially acute onset esotropia. It may be more effective in many subtypes of esotropia where surgery has been less reliable, including partially accommodative esotropia, esotropia associated with cerebral palsy, and thyroid eye disease...
June 24, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650876/the-role-of-imaging-in-strabismus
#2
Jinali R Patel, Kammi B Gunton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the most recent literature regarding the clinical experience of imaging modalities in strabismus. RECENT FINDINGS: MRI of extraocular muscles (EOMs) has elucidated the roles of variation in compartmental contraction of EOMs and further evidence of EOM pulley heterotopy in various strabismus patterns, which may contribute to the clinical and surgical management of patients as this mode of imaging becomes more readily available. Ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) and anterior-segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) may play a role in determining the location of EOMs which could also aid in devising a preoperative surgical plan, especially in those who have had prior strabismus surgery...
June 24, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650350/performing-pediatric-eye-exams-in-primary-care
#3
Elaine F Martin
Early vision care is critical for all children. If undetected, eye disorders such as amblyopia and strabismus may result in permanent vision loss. Vision exams should include a careful history and physical including fix and follow, red reflex, and cover/uncover testing. Photo screening and visual acuity exams should be administered whenever possible.
June 22, 2017: Nurse Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643708/residency-evaluation-and-adherence-design-study-young-ophthalmologists-perception-of-their-residency-programs-clinical-and-surgical-skills
#4
Parikshit Gogate, Partha Biswas, Sundaram Natarajan, Dandapani Ramamurthy, Debashish Bhattacharya, Karl Golnik, Barun Kumar Nayak
BACKGROUND: Residency training is the basis of good clinical and surgical practice. PURPOSE: The aim is to know the demographics, training experience, and perception of young ophthalmologists to improve the present residency programs in India. SETTING: Young ophthalmologists trained in India. METHODS: A survey was conducted by the Academic and Research Committee of the All India Ophthalmology Society, in 2014-2016 of young ophthalmologists (those trained between 2002 and 2012, with 2-10 years' postresidency experience) to gauge teaching of clinical and surgical skills during the postgraduate residency program...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642003/strabismus-and-binocular-diplopia-due-to-advanced-glaucomatous-visual-field-loss
#5
Cheryl L Khanna, Jonathan M Holmes
PURPOSE: To describe a small series of patients with glaucoma whose strabismus and binocular diplopia were due to advanced visual field loss and inability to maintain sensory and motor fusion. METHODS: This study is an observational case series of 3 patients with binocular diplopia, associated with variable strabismus, which was due to advanced visual field loss. RESULTS: Specific characteristics of the strabismus associated with advanced glaucomatous visual field loss were a subjective floating second image and marked variability of the prism and alternate cover measurements...
June 19, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639368/botulinum-toxin-state-of-the-art
#6
REVIEW
Joseph Jankovic
Botulinun neurotoxin (BoNT) has emerged as one of the most multipurpose therapeutic agents in modern medicine with more clinical applications than any other drug currently on the market. Initially developed in the treatment of strabismus and neurologic movement disorders, the use of botulinun neurotoxin has been expanding during the past 3 decades to include the treatment of a variety of ophthalmologic, gastrointestinal, urologic, orthopedic, dermatologic, dental, secretory, painful, cosmetic, and other conditions...
June 22, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636173/patient-reported-outcome-measures-in-amblyopia-and-strabismus-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Sheela E Kumaran, Jyoti Khadka, Rod Baker, Konrad Pesudovs
BACKGROUND: Many patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) have been developed and/or used to measure the impact of amblyopia and strabismus on quality of life (QoL). Identifying the one with superior quality is important for evaluating the effectiveness of novel therapy for amblyopia and for directing improved clinical decision-making in adults considering strabismic surgery. Therefore, the aim of this review is to identify all PROMs previously developed/used to study the impact of amblyopia and/or strabismus on QoL and to appraise the quality and comprehensiveness of content of the disease-specific instruments...
June 21, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634598/previously-unrecognized-behavioral-phenotype-in-gaucher-disease-type-3
#8
Magy Abdelwahab, Michael Potegal, Elsa G Shapiro, Igor Nestrasil
OBJECTIVE: To provide a comprehensive description of abnormal behaviors in patients with Gaucher disease type 3 (GD3) and relate these behaviors to demographic, neurodevelopmental, and neurologic characteristics. METHODS: Thirty-four Egyptian patients with GD3 (mean age of 7.9 years) were enrolled in the study. They were selected based on parent report and/or physician observation of one or more abnormal behaviors documented in 2 settings and by 2 different individuals and/or by video recording...
June 2017: Neurology. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632404/medial-and-lateral-rectus-muscle-insertion-distance-and-width-in-esotropia-and-exotropia-patients
#9
Leyla Niyaz, Ozlem Eski Yucel, Adem Gul
PURPOSE: The hypothesis that the extraocular muscle insertion distance and muscle width may be associated with the type and size of deviation was tested. METHODS: This was a prospective study of 129 patients who had surgery for horizontal strabismus or retinal detachment. The insertion distances and widths of the medial rectus (MR) and lateral rectus (LR) muscles were measured intraoperatively in esotropia, exotropia, and buckling surgery (control group) patients...
June 20, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626825/phace-s-syndrome-report-of-a-case-with-new-ocular-and-systemic-manifestations
#10
Raheleh Assari, Vahid Ziaee, Sasan Moghimi, Mohammad Reza Akbari, Arash Mirmohammadsadeghi
PURPOSE: To describe an infant with PHACE(S) syndrome [posterior fossa anomalies (P), hemangiomas (H), arterial anomalies (A), cardiac abnormalities and coarctation of aorta (C), eye abnormalities (E), and the sternal defects (S)] with unusual strabismus, congenital glaucoma, and new systemic manifestations. METHODS: A 6-month-old girl was referred with large hemangiomas on the left side of the face. RESULTS: In the ocular examination, right esotropia and hypotropia, and limitation of elevation in adduction in the right eye were seen...
June 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625469/herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus-and-strabismus-a-unique-cause-of-secondary-brown-syndrome
#11
Kevin M Broderick, William R Raymond, John H Boden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625468/necrotizing-tenon-s-capsule-infection-in-a-lymphopenic-down-syndrome-patient-following-strabismus-surgery
#12
Melinda Y Chang, Wenjing Liu, Ben J Glasgow, Sherwin J Isenberg, Federico G Velez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625338/acute-diplopia-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department-a-cohort-multicenter-italian-study
#13
Umberto Raucci, Pasquale Parisi, Nicola Vanacore, Francesco La Penna, Valentina Ferro, Lucia Calistri, Claudia Bondone, Fabio Midulla, Agnese Suppiej, Raffaele Falsaperla, Duccio Maria Cordelli, Antonella Palmieri, Alberto Verrotti, Sabrina Becciani, Sonia Aguzzi, Mario Mastrangelo, Federica Pelizza, Filippo Greco, Giulia Carbonari, Ramona Tallone, Gabriella Bottone, Italo Trenta, Stefano Masi, Maria Pia Villa, Antonino Reale
BACKGROUND: Acute diplopia (AD) is an uncommon and distressing symptom of numerous ocular and neurological conditions, with potentially serious sequelaes. No data are present in pediatrics on the presentation and management of AD. AIM: This study investigated characteristics, etiology and health care utilization of the pediatric population with AD accessed to pediatric Emergency Departments (ED), trying to identify "red flags" associated with potentially life-threatening (LT) conditions...
June 3, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622314/development-of-a-simple-computerized-torsion-test-to-quantify-subjective-ocular-torsion
#14
Y D Kim, H K Yang, J-M Hwang
PurposeThe double Maddox-rod test (DMRT) and Lancaster red-green test (LRGT) are the most widely used tests worldwide to assess subjective ocular torsion. However, these tests require equipment and the quantified results of ocular torsion are only provided in rough values. Here we developed a novel computerized torsion test (CTT) for individual assessment of subjective ocular torsion and validated the reliability and accuracy of the test compared with those of the DMRT and LRGT.MethodsA total of 30 patients with cyclovertical strabismus and 30 controls were recruited...
June 16, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620731/retinoblastoma
#15
Raksha Rao, Santosh G Honavar
Retinoblastoma represents 3% of all childhood cancers, and is the most common intraocular malignancy of childhood. It is fatal, if untreated. White eye reflex, also known as leukocoria, is the commonest sign, followed by strabismus. The pediatricians have a very important role to play in the diagnosis of this relatively rare, but easily detectable tumor. Early diagnosis yields better results. The management of retinoblastoma has gradually evolved over the past few decades, with an aim to not only preserve life and eye, but also optimize residual vision...
June 16, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617521/regular-versus-releasable-sutures-in-surgery-for-primary-congenital-glaucoma
#16
Nader H Bayoumi
PURPOSE: To compare releasable and regular sutures in combined angle and filtering surgery for primary congenital glaucoma. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted on 39 eyes (26 right eyes) of 39 children (20 boys; 19 girls) who had primary congenital glaucoma treated with combined trabeculotomy-trabeculectomy with mitomycin C and scleral flap closure with regular or releasable sutures. Follow-up was 24 months. Success rates (defined as an intraocular pressure [IOP] < 16 mm Hg without hypotony-related complications and/or lack of IOP-related progression of the disease) were studied and complications were noted...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617520/abnormal-spontaneous-brain-activity-in-patients-with-anisometropic-amblyopia-using-resting-state-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#17
Angcang Tang, Taolin Chen, Junran Zhang, Qiyong Gong, Longqian Liu
PURPOSE: To explore the abnormality of spontaneous activity in patients with anisometropic amblyopia under resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (Rs-fMRI). METHODS: Twenty-four participants were split into two groups. The anisometropic amblyopia group had 10 patients, all of whom had anisometropic amblyopia of the right eye, and the control group had 14 healthy subjects. All participants underwent Rs-fMRI scanning. Measurement of amplitude of low frequency fluctuations of the brain, which is a measure of the amplitudes of spontaneous brain activity, was used to investigate brain changes between the anisometropic amblyopia and control groups...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614125/development-and-validation-of-a-risk-scale-for-emergence-agitation-after-general-anesthesia-in-children-a-prospective-observational-study
#18
Maai Hino, Takahiro Mihara, Saeko Miyazaki, Toshiyuki Hijikata, Takaaki Miwa, Takahisa Goto, Koui Ka
BACKGROUND: Emergence agitation (EA) is a common complication in children after general anesthesia. The goal of this 2-phase study was (1) to develop a predictive model (EA risk scale) for the incidence of EA in children receiving sevoflurane anesthesia by performing a retrospective analysis of data from our previous study (phase 1) and (2) to determine the validity of the EA risk scale in a prospective observational cohort study (phase 2). METHODS: Using data collected from 120 patients in our previous study, logistic regression analysis was used to predict the incidence of EA in phase 1...
June 12, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602878/withdrawn-pericardial-patch-graft-repair-of-severe-localized-scleral-thinning-encountered-during-strabismus-surgery
#19
Linda Dagi, Maan Alkharashi
The Publisher regrets that this article is an accidental duplication of an article that has already been published, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaapos.2016.11.022. The duplicate article has therefore been withdrawn. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal.
June 1, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596499/retrospective-investigation-of-retinoblastoma-in-chinese-patients
#20
Liwen Jin, Wei Zhang, Hong Pan, Tengyan Li, Beihong Liu, Junyang Zhao, Binbin Wang
This is a retrospective investigation of patients with Retinoblastoma (RB) conducted from 2013 to 2016 at the Quanzhou Maternal and Child Health Hospital (China). Demographic and clinical characteristics, treatment outcomes, and risk factors were studied.In total, 436 patients were included in the study. Most of the findings obtained in this study are consistent with other previous reports. The male: female ratio was 1.41:1, and the unilateral: bilateral ratio was 1.51:1. Leukocoria was the most common presenting sign (79...
May 23, 2017: Oncotarget
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