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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932129/american-insight-into-strabismus-surgery-before-1838
#1
REVIEW
Christopher T Leffler, Stephen G Schwartz, John Q Le
English surgeon John Taylor attempted to perform strabismus surgery in the 18th century. The field languished until, in Germany, treatment of strabismus by cutting an extraocular muscle was proposed by Louis Stromeyer in 1838 and performed by Johann Friedrich Dieffenbach in 1839. According to traditional teaching, there has never been any proof that anyone in the United States thought of the idea of strabismus surgery before Stromeyer's report. In 1841, American surgeon William Gibson wrote that he had cut extraocular muscles to treat strabismus several times beginning in 1818 but never published his cases...
2017: Ophthalmology and Eye Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927675/a-strabismus-syndrome-causing-chronic-innocuous-headache
#2
Abhishek Mallick, Rajesh Kumar Singh, Rajeev Kumar Thapar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926665/the-value-of-the-frontalis-suspension-procedure-as-a-repeat-intervention-in-congenital-blepharoptosis
#3
Özlem Ural, Mehmet C Mocan, Ugur Erdener
PURPOSE: To evaluate the therapeutic benefits of frontalis suspension as a repeat intervention in congenital blepharoptosis. METHODS: Pediatric patients diagnosed as having congenital ptosis who had at least 2 years of postoperative follow-up were included in this retrospective study. A successful outcome was defined as a postoperative margin-reflex distance of 3 mm or greater. The chi-square, Student's t, and Mann-Whitney U tests were used in comparisons. RESULTS: Eighty-four eyes of 77 patients with a follow-up period of 8...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926664/ptosis-and-strabismus-surgery-performed-simultaneously
#4
EDITORIAL
Leonard B Nelson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925741/endophthalmitis-following-strabismus-surgery-iposc-global-study
#5
Ofira Zloto, Eedy Mezer, Luis Ospina, Branislav Stankovic, Tamara Wygnanski-Jaffe
PURPOSE: To examine the characteristics of patients with endophthalmitis after strabismus surgery (PSSE), the characteristics of the strabismus surgery, treatment, and prognosis as reported by pediatric ophthalmologists who are members of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (AAOPS) around the world. METHODS: An email communication was sent to all members of AAPOS. The email included a web link to a survey that included 34 questions that examined the characteristics of patients with endophthalmitis after strabismus surgery...
September 19, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924312/outcome-of-early-surgery-in-infantile-esotropia-our-experience-in-tertiary-care-hospital
#6
Anirudh Singh, J K S Parihar, S K Mishra, R Maggon, Anurag Badhani
BACKGROUND: Infantile esotropia is a convergent strabismus presenting before 6 months of age and is the most common strabismus disorder presenting in the ophthalmology OPD. The dilemma of whether to go for early surgery and how early has been a matter of research for the last 50 years. We describe our results of surgery in infantile esotropia at variable age groups, as well as with different reoperation rates and compare with the results in western literature. METHODS: A prospective study was carried out through a review of 113 cases operated for infantile esotropia between February 2013 and August 2014...
April 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918952/a-dual-function-for-prickle-in-regulating-frizzled-stability-during-feedback-dependent-amplification-of-planar-polarity
#7
Samantha J Warrington, Helen Strutt, Katherine H Fisher, David Strutt
The core planar polarity pathway coordinates epithelial cell polarity during animal development, and loss of its activity gives rise to a range of defects, from aberrant morphogenetic cell movements to failure to correctly orient structures, such as hairs and cilia. The core pathway functions via a mechanism involving segregation of its protein components to opposite cells ends, where they form asymmetric intracellular complexes that couple cell-cell polarity. This segregation is a self-organizing process driven by feedback interactions between the core proteins themselves...
September 7, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917992/securing-extraocular-muscles-in-strabismus-surgery-biomechanical-analysis-of-knot-tying-technique
#8
Steven E Brooks
BACKGROUND: The safe and precise reattachment of extraocular muscles requires a technical approach that minimizes any opportunity for the muscle to slip intraoperatively or postoperatively while minimizing surgical risk. Biomechanical testing can provide important quantitative information about the tensile properties of different knot configurations that may inform surgical technique. METHODS: A precision digital force gauge was used to assess the tensile strength created by different knot tying techniques and configurations in human sclera using 6-0 polyglactin 910 suture...
September 13, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913609/modulation-of-the-emotional-response-to-viewing-strabismic-children-in-mothers-measured-by-fmri
#9
J Berberat, M Montali, P Gruber, A Pircher, M Hlavica, F Wang, H P Killer, L Remonda
PURPOSE: Strabismus influences not only the individual with nonparallel eyes but also the observer. It has previously been demonstrated by fMRI that adults viewing images of strabismic adults have a negative reaction to the images as demonstrated by limbic activation, especially activation of the left amygdala. The aim of this study was to see if mothers would have a similar reaction to viewing strabismic children and whether or not that reaction would be different in mothers of strabismic children...
September 14, 2017: Clinical Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913515/paradoxical-head-tilt-in-unilateral-traumatic-superior-oblique-palsy
#10
Mohammad Reza Akbari, Reza Bayat, Arash Mirmohammadsadeghi, Reza Mirshahi
PURPOSE: We report a patient with abnormal head posture following ocular blunt trauma. METHODS: This is report of a case that despite findings compatible with diagnosis of left superior oblique (SO) palsy, the patient acquired an ipsilateral (left) head tilt. The interesting observation in our patient was reduction of left hypertropia and consequent less diplopia with ipsilateral head tilt. RESULTS: After blunt trauma, our patient adopted paradoxical left head tilt and consequently less diplopia despite acquired left SO palsy...
September 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905830/plication-as-an-alternative-to-resection-in-horizontal-strabismus-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Prabha Sonwani, Abadan Khan Amitava, Adeeb Alam Khan, Shalini Gupta, Shivani Grover, Namita Kumari
PURPOSE: Resections and plications tighten recti although the latter are less traumatic, potentially reversible, quicker, and vascularity preserving. To compare inflammation, scarring, and alignment in horizontal strabismus, operated uniocularly by either resections or plications (with recessions): recession and resection (R&R) or recession and plication (R&P) groups. This was a prospective, patient and assessor blind, randomized trial. METHODS: All consenting strabismus patients qualifying for the first-time uniocular horizontal rectus surgeries underwent detailed ocular examination and were randomized into standard R&R or R&P groups...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904218/early-onset-sixth-nerve-palsy-with-eccentric-fixation
#12
Kaajal D Nanda, Eve Lacey, Alki Liasis, Ken K Nischal
PURPOSE: To report four cases of early onset sixth-nerve palsy all of whom had eccentric fixation. METHODS: A retrospective case note review was undertaken of all cases presenting to the senior author's private and NHS practice with early onset sixth palsy between 2006 and 2012. As well as demographic information, details of ophthalmic, orthoptic, electrophysiological examinations, and radiological investigations that were extracted from the records. RESULTS: Four children with unilateral or asymmetric early onset sixth-nerve palsy were identified, of which three were congenital...
January 2017: American Orthoptic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904216/anterior-segment-optical-coherence-tomography-of-previously-operated-extraocular-muscles
#13
Matthew S Pihlblad, James D Reynolds
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To assess the possibility of determining the insertion distance from the limbus of previously operated extraocular rectus muscles (EOM) with the Heidelberg Spectralis anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). PATIENT AND METHOD: Subjects with a history of previous strabismus surgery underwent AS-OCT of the EOM before planned additional strabismus surgery. The EOM insertion distances from the limbus were measured pre-operatively on the AS-OCT and compared to the caliper distance measured during the strabismus surgery...
January 2017: American Orthoptic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904108/comparison-of-three-models-of-saccade-disconjugacy-in-strabismus
#14
Mark M G Walton, Michael J Mustari
In pattern strabismus the horizontal and vertical misalignments vary with eye position along the orthogonal axis. The disorder is typically described in terms of overaction or underaction of oblique muscles. Recent behavioral studies in humans and monkeys, however, have reported that such actions are insufficient to fully explain the patterns of directional and amplitude disconjugacy of saccades. There is mounting evidence that the oculomotor abnormalities associated with strabismus are at least partially attributable to neurophysiological abnormalities...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902771/attention-and-visual-motor-integration-in-young-children-with-uncorrected-hyperopia
#15
Marjean Taylor Kulp, Elise Ciner, Maureen Maguire, Maxwell Pistilli, T Rowan Candy, Gui-Shuang Ying, Graham Quinn, Lynn Cyert, Bruce Moore
SIGNIFICANCE: Among 4- and 5-year-old children, deficits in measures of attention, visual-motor integration (VMI) and visual perception (VP) are associated with moderate, uncorrected hyperopia (3 to 6 diopters [D]) accompanied by reduced near visual function (near visual acuity worse than 20/40 or stereoacuity worse than 240 seconds of arc). PURPOSE: To compare attention, visual motor, and visual perceptual skills in uncorrected hyperopes and emmetropes attending preschool or kindergarten and evaluate their associations with visual function...
September 11, 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893438/diplopia-secondary-to-orbital-fracture-in-adults
#16
I Pérez-Flores, E Santos-Armentia, J Fernández-Sanromán, A Costas-López, M Fernández-Ferro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence and evolution of diplopia as a complication of orbital fractures in adults. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A review was conducted on medical records of all consecutive adults with orbital fracture referred between January 2014 and December 2015. An analysis was made of the incidence of diplopia secondary to fracture in the acute phase and its evolution. A descriptive study was performed on the variables related to patients, fractures, and fracture and diplopia treatment...
September 8, 2017: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892950/riley-day-syndrome-in-a-hispanic-infant-of-non-jewish-ashkenazi-descent
#17
Abel Ramírez-Estudillo, Gerardo González-Saldivar, Itzel Espinosa-Soto, Jesús González-Cortez, Alejandro Salcido-Montenegro
Riley-Day syndrome is an autosomal recessive sensory and autonomic neuropathy. Patients present a lack of fungiform papilla, alacrima and usually feeding difficulties. It is present almost exclusively in Ashkenazi Jewish individuals and has a poor prognosis. We describe an unusual case of Riley-Day syndrome with pseudostrabismus in a non-Ashkenazi Jewish patient. A one-year-old female infant was referred for evaluation of strabismus, absence of fungiform papillae, feeding difficulty, gastroesophageal reflux and episodes of self-mutilation...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891720/vestibular-rehabilitation-following-surgical-repair-for-superior-canal-dehiscence-syndrome-a-complicated-case-report
#18
Wendy J Carender, Melissa Grzesiak
Superior Canal Dehiscence Syndrome (SCDS) causes auditory and vestibular symptoms. Following surgical repair of the dehiscence, patients often experience dizziness and imbalance. This case report describes a postoperative vestibular exercise program, focusing on the principles of central compensation and habituation, and how it was modified for a patient with delayed progress secondary to strabismus and visual vertigo. A 63-year-old male with history of strabismus eye surgery, right hearing loss, aural fullness, and sensitivity to loud sounds was referred for vestibular rehabilitation (VR)...
September 11, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888928/an-update-on-new-and-unique-uses-of-botulinum-toxin-in-movement-disorders
#19
Joseph Jankovic
The therapeutic applications of botulinum toxin (BoNT) have grown manifold since its initial approval in 1989 by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of strabismus, blepharospasm, and other facial spasms. Although it is the most potent biologic toxin known to man, long-term studies have established its safety in the treatment of a variety of neurologic and non-neurologic disorders. This review focuses on some novel and uncommon uses of BoNT in the treatment of movement disorders, such as oromandibular dystonia, including bruxism, anterocollis, camptocormia, tremor, tics, tardive and levodopa-induced dyskinesia, and restless legs syndrome...
September 6, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885671/the-effect-of-strabismus-surgery-on-choroidal-thickness
#20
Kamil Inan, Leyla Niyaz
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of strabismus surgery on choroidal thickness. METHODS: This was a prospective randomized study. The measurements of subfoveal and macular choroidal thickness of patients who underwent strabismus surgery were obtained by enhanced depth imaging optic coherence tomography. The patients were grouped as patients who had 1 horizontal muscle surgery (group 1), 1 oblique muscle surgery (group 2), 2 horizontal muscle surgeries (group 3), or 1 horizontal and 1 oblique muscle surgery (group 4)...
September 7, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
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