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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915322/ocular-morbidity-associated-with-retinopathy-of-prematurity-in-treated-and-untreated-eyes-a-review-of-the-literature-and-data-from-a-tertiary-eye-care-center-in-southern-india
#1
Perumalsamy Vijayalakshmi, Tulika Kara, Clare Gilbert
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is an emerging cause of childhood blindness in low- and middle-income countries. We review the magnitude, causes, prevention and treatment of visual impairment caused by ROP over a time span. A review of literature on short and long term structural and functional outcomes of ROP was conducted through PubMed search primarily focusing on studies published during the last decade. Additionally, we have shared data from our institute located in Southern India. Visual Impairment in ROP-treated children ranged from 4...
November 7, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911111/outcomes-of-scleral-buckle-removal-experience-from-the-last-decade
#2
Elad Moisseiev, Miri Fogel, Ido Didi Fabian, Adiel Barak, Joseph Moisseiev, Amir Alhalel
PURPOSE: To evaluate the indications, outcomes, and complications of scleral buckle removal over the past decade and compare to previously published data. METHODS: Forty nine eyes of 49 patients who underwent scleral buckle removal and had at least 6 months of follow-up were included in this retrospective study. Recorded parameters included demographic information, history of the retinal detachment, details of the scleral buckling surgery, indication for scleral buckle removal, time from scleral buckle placement to removal, culture results, length of follow up, visual acuity (VA) throughout the follow up, and the occurrence of any complications or need for additional surgery after scleral buckle removal...
December 2, 2016: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897118/smoking-and-eye-pathologies-a-systemic-review-part-i-anterior-eye-segment-pathologies
#3
Małgorzata Nita, Andrzej Grzybowski
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking has detrimental influence on human health and is one of the leading causes of preventable mortality worldwide, associated with lung cancer, chronic obstructive lung disease and cardiovascular disease. AIM: The analysis of the influence of tobacco smoking on pathology of the anterior segment of the eye in adults and children. METHODS: A comprehensive review of the literature performed through MEDLINE and PubMed searches, was published during the period 2000-2016...
November 29, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895559/reorganization-of-visual-callosal-connections-following-alterations-of-retinal-input-and-brain-damage
#4
REVIEW
Laura Restani, Matteo Caleo
Vision is a very important sensory modality in humans. Visual disorders are numerous and arising from diverse and complex causes. Deficits in visual function are highly disabling from a social point of view and in addition cause a considerable economic burden. For all these reasons there is an intense effort by the scientific community to gather knowledge on visual deficit mechanisms and to find possible new strategies for recovery and treatment. In this review, we focus on an important and sometimes neglected player of the visual function, the corpus callosum (CC)...
2016: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891365/visual-function-and-ocular-status-in-children-with-disabilities-in-special-schools-of-northern-india
#5
Gurvinder Kaur, Satish Thomas, Mahesh Jindal, S M Bhatti
INTRODUCTION: Children with disabilities (other than visual impairment) are at a higher risk of visual impairment as compared to normal population. Majority of the ocular disorders, like refractive errors and strabismus, are easily treatable. As these children depend on their visual inputs for social and academic activities, an early detection and prompt treatment of even a minor visual problem is of utmost importance for them. AIM: To assess the visual function and ocular status of children with disabilities other than visual impairment and to identify the preventable and treatable causes of visual impairment...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882020/vision-screening-in-children-is-7-9-years-of-age-a-threshold-for-visual-impairment
#6
Yusuf Haydar Ertekin, Murat Tekin, Aysegul Uludag, Sedat Arikan, Erkan Melih Sahin
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to assess the prevalence of decreased visual acuity, strabismus, and spectacle wear in children aged 5 to 13 years. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in primary education schools. A total of 1938 participants, including 940 females (48.5%) and 998 males (51.5%) with a mean age 8.96 ± 2.31 (5-13 years old), were screened. The comparisons were performed with gender, age, and age groups. The children attended to vision screening were assigned to three age groups as 5-6 years, 7-9 years, and 10-13 years...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871763/diplopia-in-medically-and-surgically-treated-patients-with-glaucoma
#7
Philip Y Sun, David A Leske, Jonathan M Holmes, Cheryl L Khanna
PURPOSE: To report the prevalence, type, and cause of diplopia in medically and surgically treated patients with glaucoma. DESIGN: Cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 195 adult patients with glaucoma treated in a glaucoma referral practice. METHODS: A total of 195 adult patients with glaucoma who had undergone surgical or medical management were prospectively enrolled. Forty-seven patients had undergone glaucoma drainage device (GDD) surgery (Baerveldt 350, Baerveldt 250 [Abbott Medical Optics, Abbott Park, IL], or Ahmed FP7 [New World Medical Inc, Rancho Cucamonga, CA]), 61 patients had undergone trabeculectomy, and 87 patients were medically treated...
November 18, 2016: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858948/comparison-of-360-degree-circumferential-trabeculotomy-and-conventional-trabeculotomy-in-primary-pediatric-glaucoma-surgery-part-1
#8
Christiana Celea, Serban Dragosloveanu, Mihai Pop, Cristian Celea
PURPOSE: To quantify the outcomes of a single circumferential trabeculotomy versus a single conventional trabeculotomy after 2 years of follow-up in patients who underwent primary pediatric glaucoma surgery. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of patients aged 1 day to 3 years who underwent primary pediatric glaucoma surgery. A total of 45 patients (79 eyes) were followed up for 2 years. There were two groups: the 360-degrees circumferential trabeculotomy with illuminated catheter group and the conventional trabeculotomy group...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853358/quality-of-life-in-teenagers-with-strabismus
#9
COMMENT
Moosang Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846304/long-term-quality-of-life-in-adult-patients-with-strabismus-after-corrective-surgery-compared-to-the-general-population
#10
Meiping Xu, Huanyun Yu, Yuanyuan Chen, Jinling Xu, Jingwei Zheng, Xinping Yu
PURPOSE: To evaluate the status of and factors associated with long-term health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in adult patients with strabismus following corrective surgery. METHODS: Prospective cross-sectional study. A total of 122 adults who underwent corrective surgery and were followed up for at least 1 year were recruited. Pre- and post-operative HRQOL were evaluated using the Chinese version of the Adult Strabismus 20 (AS-20). Demographics and clinical characteristics were recorded...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837354/congenital-cranial-dysinnervation-disorders
#11
REVIEW
Anupam Singh, P K Pandey, Ajai Agrawal, Sanjeev Kumar Mittal, Kartik Maheshbhai Rana, Chirag Bahuguna
The European Neuromuscular Centre (ENMC) derived the term Congenital Cranial Dysinnervation Disorders in 2002 at an international workshop for a group of congenital neuromuscular diseases. CCDDs are congenital, non-progressive ophthalmoplegia with restriction of globe movement in one or more fields of gaze. This group of sporadic and familial strabismus syndromes was initially referred to as the 'congenital fibrosis syndromes' because it was assumed that the primary pathologic process starts in the muscles of eye motility...
November 11, 2016: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835055/accessory-extraocular-muscle-as-a-cause-of-restrictive-strabismus
#12
A Molinari, D Plager, P Merino, M M Galan, M Swaminathan, S Ramasuramanian, J T H N de Faber
Restrictive strabismus resulting from the presence of an accessory extraocular muscle has rarely been reported in the literature. Most articles written on this topic are isolated case reports. The purpose of this paper is to describe a series of 7 similar patients presenting with atypical restrictive strabismus associated with enophthalmos in the affected eye, which was found to be caused by an accessory extraocular muscle attached to the posterior globe near the optic nerve. The medical records of 7 patients who shared these clinical characteristics were retrospectively analyzed...
November 11, 2016: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834466/author-s-reply-to-comments-to-the-use-of-mersilene-mesh-for-tendon-elongation-in-strabismus-surgery
#13
Laurentius J van Rijn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832268/an-active-efficient-coding-model-of-optokinetic-nystagmus
#14
Chong Zhang, Jochen Triesch, Bertram E Shi
Optokinetic nystagmus (OKN) is an involuntary eye movement responsible for stabilizing retinal images in the presence of relative motion between an observer and the environment. Fully understanding the development of OKN requires a neurally plausible computational model that accounts for the neural development and the behavior. To date, work in this area has been limited. We propose a neurally plausible framework for the joint development of disparity and motion tuning in the visual cortex and of optokinetic and vergence eye-movement behavior...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826935/modified-krimsky-test-for-irregular-scarred-corneas
#15
Harindersingh Sethi, Mayuresh Naik, Mukesh Joshi
The measurement of the amount and nature of deviation is the essence of diagnostic workup of a patient with strabismus and also has important therapeutic implications while planning the amount of surgery or prescribing therapeutic prisms. Although Krimsky test is a useful method, it cannot be used to measure deviation in patients with scarred and irregular cornea with an anechoic posterior segment making it difficult to see the corneal reflex. We hereby take the opportunity to present a modification of the original Krimsky test which is extremely helpful in determining the deviation in patients with irregular opaque corneas...
November 8, 2016: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826934/outcomes-of-adjustable-strabismus-surgery-in-an-irish-university-hospital
#16
Alex Ferdi, Rory Kelly, Pat Logan, Ian Dooley
PURPOSE: Strabismus surgery aims to improve binocular vision, reduce diplopia, and enhance cosmesis. Adjustable strabismus procedures have been developed as a means of tackling unpredictability in some post-operative results. The purpose of the study was to compare the effectiveness of adjustable and non-adjustable squint procedures in the treatment of strabismus. METHODS: We analyzed adjustable or non-adjustable squint surgery undergone in our Irish locality by retrospectively studying 27 consecutive patients at Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, Dublin...
November 8, 2016: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826064/retinopathy-of-prematurity-in-pakistan
#17
Mohammad Ali A Sadiq, Irfan Karamat, Asad Aslam Khan
Screening guidelines for retinopathy of prematurity recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus suggest screening infants of birth weight of ≤1500 g and/or 32 weeks' gestational age or less. In developing and middle-income countries, ROP has been reported in older and/or heavier infants. We prospectively studied 172 infants of gestational age 36 weeks and younger and/or birth weight of ≤3000 g over a period of 16 months. ROP was identified in 4 infants >32 weeks of age, 1 infant having a birth weight of 2000 g...
November 5, 2016: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821110/ocular-findings-in-patients-with-spastic-type-cerebral-palsy
#18
Myung Jin Park, Yung Ju Yoo, Chin Youb Chung, Jeong-Min Hwang
BACKGROUND: Refractive errors, strabismus, nystagmus, amblyopia, and cortical visual impairment are observed in 50 to 90 % of patients with cerebral palsy. Ocular abnormalities are known to differ according to cerebral palsy type, and spastic type has been reported to be more likely to be associated with ocular defects than the athetoid and ataxic types. METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records was performed on 105 consecutive children with spastic type of cerebral palsy who underwent ophthalmologic examination between July 2003 and March 2006...
November 8, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820877/longitudinal-evaluation-of-eye-misalignment-and-eye-movements-following-surgical-correction-of-strabismus-in-monkeys
#19
Mythri Pullela, Brittany A Degler, David K Coats, Vallabh E Das
Purpose: Strabismus correction surgery is well documented in both the literature and practice with varying levels of success and permanence. Our goal was to characterize longitudinal changes in eye alignment and eye movements following strabismus correction surgery in a monkey model for developmental strabismus. Methods: We studied two juvenile rhesus monkeys with exotropia previously induced via an optical prism-rearing paradigm in infancy. Eye misalignment was corrected via a resection-recession surgery of the horizontal rectus muscles of one eye...
November 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820875/improvement-of-eye-alignment-in-adult-strabismic-monkeys-by-sustained-igf-1-treatment
#20
Linda K McLoon, Stephen P Christiansen, Geoffrey M Ghose, Vallabh E Das, Michael J Mustari
Purpose: The goal of this study was to determine if continuous application of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) could improve eye alignment of adult strabismic nonhuman primates and to assess possible mechanisms of effect. Methods: A continuous release pellet of IGF-1 was placed on one medial rectus muscle in two adult nonhuman primates (M1, M2) rendered exotropic by the alternating monocular occlusion method during the first months of life. Eye alignment and eye movements were recorded for 3 months, after which M1 was euthanized, and the lateral and medial rectus muscles were removed for morphometric analysis of fiber size, nerve, and neuromuscular density...
November 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
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