keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Adventitious

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527820/adventitial-cystic-disease-of-radial-artery-apropos-of-a-case-and-review-of-literature
#1
Álvaro Torres-Blanco, Luis Ariel Pepén-Moquete, Vicente Molina-Nácher, Francisco Gómez-Palonés
Adventitial cystic disease is an uncommon condition that is characterized by the collection of mucinous material that accumulates in the adventitial layer of the artery. Predominantly, this entity affects the popliteal artery, whereas it is extremely rare in the radial artery. We report a 72-year-old female patient that underwent surgical treatment of an adventitial cyst of the right radial artery. The involved arterial segment was resected, and reconstruction by means of the interposition of a saphenous vein graft was performed...
May 11, 2017: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527302/aortic-adventitial-fibroblast-sensitivity-to-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-inhibitors-depends-on-substrate-stiffness
#2
Rebecca A Scott, Prathamesh M Kharkar, Kristi L Kiick, Robert E Akins
Adventitial fibroblasts (AFs) are key determinants of arterial function and critical mediators of arterial disease progression. The effects of altered stiffness, particularly those observed across individuals during normal vascular function, and the mechanisms by which AFs respond to altered stiffness, are not well understood. To study the effects of matrix stiffness on AF phenotype, cytokine production, and the regulatory pathways utilized to interpret basic cell-matrix interactions, human aortic AFs were grown in 5%, 7...
May 10, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526559/a-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-of-cyclin-dependent-kinase-inhibitor-1b-p27-kip1-associated-with-human-vein-graft-failure-affects-growth-of-human-venous-adventitial-cells-but-not-smooth-muscle-cells
#3
Richard D Kenagy, Shinsuke Kikuchi, Lihua Chen, Errol S Wijelath, Andrew B Stergachis, John Stamatoyannopoulos, Gale L Tang, Alexander W Clowes, Michael Sobel
BACKGROUND: Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (p27(Kip1)) is a cell-cycle inhibitor whose -838C>A single nucleotide polymorphism (rs36228499; hereafter called p27 SNP) has been associated with the clinical failure of peripheral vein grafts, but the functional effects of this SNP have not been demonstrated. METHODS: Human saphenous vein adventitial cells and intimal/medial smooth muscle cells (SMCs) were derived from explants obtained at the time of lower extremity bypass operations...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510200/cambial-variations-of-piper-piperaceae-in-taiwan
#4
Sheng-Zehn Yang, Po-Hao Chen
BACKGROUND: Cambial variations in lianas of Piperaceae in Taiwan have not been studied previously. The stem anatomy of seven Piper species from Taiwan was examined to document cambial variations and better distinguish the species when leaves are absent. RESULTS: A key for the seven species is provided, based on the internal stem anatomy. The seven Piper species climb via adventitious roots, and in cross section, the stems were generally eccentric and oblate, although a transversely elliptic stem was found in P...
December 2017: Botanical Studies (Taipei, Taiwan)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499632/a-comprehensive-study-of-layer-specific-morphological-changes-in-the-microstructure-of-carotid-arteries-under-uniaxial-load
#5
Witold Krasny, Claire Morin, Hélène Magoariec, Stéphane Avril
The load bearing properties of large blood vessels are principally conferred by collagen and elastin networks and their microstructural organization plays an important role in the outcomes of various arterial pathologies. In particular, these fibrous networks are able to rearrange and reorient spatially during mechanical deformations. In this study, we investigate for the first time whether these well-known morphological rearrangements are the same across the whole thickness of blood vessels, and subsequently if the underlying mechanisms that govern these rearrangements can be predicted using affine kinematics...
May 9, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496454/expression-analyses-of-embryogenesis-associated-genes-during-somatic-embryogenesis-of-adiantum-capillus-veneris-l-in-vitro-new-insights-into-the-evolution-of-reproductive-organs-in-land-plants
#6
Xia Li, Jing-Dan Han, Yu-Han Fang, Shu-Nong Bai, Guang-Yuan Rao
An efficient in vitro regeneration system via somatic embryogenesis (SE) was developed for a fern species Adiantum capillus-veneris. Adventitious shoots, green globular bodies (GGBs) and calli were obtained with the maximal induction rate on the Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium of low concentrations of 6-benzyladenine (BA) (0-1.0 mg/L), 2.0 mg/L BA without 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), 0.5 mg/L 2,4-D and 0.5-1.0 mg/L 6-BA, respectively. Cyto-morphological and histological changes in the shoot development via calli and GGBs were examined...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493414/investigating-niche-partitioning-of-ectomycorrhizal-fungi-in-specialized-rooting-zones-of-the-monodominant-leguminous-tree-dicymbe-corymbosa
#7
Matthew E Smith, Terry W Henkel, Gwendolyn C Williams, M Catherine Aime, Alexander K Fremier, Rytas Vilgalys
Temperate ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungi show segregation whereby some species dominate in organic layers and others favor mineral soils. Weak layering in tropical soils is hypothesized to decrease niche space and therefore reduce the diversity of ectomycorrhizal fungi. The Neotropical ECM tree Dicymbe corymbosa forms monodominant stands and has a distinct physiognomy with vertical crown development, adventitious roots and massive root mounds, leading to multi-stemmed trees with spatially segregated rooting environments: aerial litter caches, aerial decayed wood, organic root mounds and mineral soil...
May 11, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490479/cystic-adventitial-disease-of-the-common-femoral-vein
#8
Emma Howard, Ruth Benson, Christopher Day, Brian Gwynn
We present the case of a 46-year-old commercial pilot with a history of unilateral leg swelling following a flight to Geneva. Although initial clinical examination suggested a deep vein thrombosis, the swelling only partially resolved with anticoagulation and further imaging suggested the presence of adventitial cystic disease (ACD). The patient underwent initial anticoagulation to allow any thrombus to be lysed, followed by excision of the ACD from the venous wall and venous reconstruction. Following the excision of the ACD, providing the patient remains asymptomatic and further imaging finds normal venous anatomy, we hope the patient will discontinue anticoagulation and return to flying...
May 10, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487969/applicability-of-electrospun-polypropylene-carbonate-polymers-as-a-drug-carrier-for-sirolimus
#9
Hourong Sun, Xinghua Gu, Kai Liu, Changcun Fang, Mengmeng Tang
Polypropylene carbonate (PPC), a biodegradable aliphatic polyester, exhibits one particular advantage over other polyesters, which is that following degradation in vivo, it primarily produces H2O and CO2, causing minimal side effects. Although PPC exhibits limited mechanical strength, and is therefore not able to serve as a scaffold to support tissue regeneration, it may be suitable for drug delivery; however, this requires further investigation. In the present study, electrospinning was applied to generate PPC polymers containing sirolimus, a cell growth‑inhibiting drug which is used to treat restenosis...
June 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486910/clinical-significance-of-the-sympathetic-nervous-system-in-the-development-and-progression-of-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#10
Ru-Xia Liu, Qian Luo, Hui Qiao, Juan Yu, Qian-Long Zhang, Peng Wang, Yong-Gang Cao, Chang-Lin Jiang, Li-Hui Qu
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is defined as a complex disease of clinically characterized by elevated pulmonary pressure eventually resulting in right heart failure and premature death. To date, PAH still remains a life-threatening disease. Published evidence suggests that patients with PAH present profound sympathetic nervous system abnormalities and sympathetic activity has been shown to be increased. The mechanism of PAH is still complex and poorly understood. <p> Results: Some data have showed that adrenoceptors are involved in the process of the pathology and have different functions in the progression of PAH followed by heart failure...
January 12, 2017: Current Neurovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484475/de-novo-sequencing-and-transcriptome-analysis-reveal-key-genes-regulating-steroid-metabolism-in-leaves-roots-adventitious-roots-and-calli-of-periploca-sepium-bunge
#11
Jian Zhang, Xinglin Li, Fuping Lu, Shanying Wang, Yunhe An, Xiaoxing Su, Xiankuan Li, Lin Ma, Guangjian Han
Periploca sepium Bunge is a traditional medicinal plant, whose root bark is important for Chinese herbal medicine. Its major bioactive compounds are C21 steroids and periplocin, a kind of cardiac glycoside, which are derived from the steroid synthesis pathway. However, research on P. sepium genome or transcriptomes and their related genes has been lacking for a long time. In this study we estimated this species nuclear genome size at 170 Mb (using flow cytometry). Then, RNA sequencing of four different tissue samples of P...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483621/adventitial-cystic-disease-communicating-with-the-knee-joint-a-case-report-with-histopathological-study-of-the-connection-1
#12
Naoki Masaki, Nobuhisa Yajima, Takashi Ogasawara, Shun-Ichi Kawarai, Katsuo Matsuki
Adventitial cystic disease is a rare non-atheromatous cause of popliteal artery disease. Here, we present a case of a 51-year-old male patient who presented with right calf claudication caused by adventitial cystic disease. Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging and intraoperative findings revealed the presence of a connection between the cyst and adjacent knee joint. In addition, histopathological examination revealed that the tissue structure of the connection was similar to that of adventitial cysts. The tissue composed of two types of cells, namely macrophages and fibroblast-like cells, and lesional cells expressed D2-40...
May 5, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479440/gender-related-differences-in-iliofemoral-arterial-anatomy-among-aaa-patients
#13
Kenneth Tran, Chelsea Dorsey, Jason T Lee, Venita Chandra
OBJECTIVES: Gender related differences in iliofemoral anatomy are critically important for delivery of modern EVAR devices, however remains poorly characterized in the context of other patient-specific factors. The goal of the present study was to provide a detailed quantification of anatomic differences in iliofemoral anatomy between genders while controlling for height, weight and vascular comorbidities. METHODS: Fifty women with CT-angiograms for evaluation of AAA between 2000-2012 were selected and matched to an equal non-paired cohort of males with similar age, body-mass indices (BMI), and prevalence of vascular comorbidities (e...
May 4, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479097/a-reproducible-swine-model-of-proximal-descending-thoracic-aortic-aneurysm-created-with-intra-adventitial-application-of-elastase
#14
Yulong Tian, Wei Zhang, Jun Sun, Huan Zhai, Yang Yu, Xingshun Qi, Jeffrey A Jones, Hongshan Zhong
OBJECTIVE: Animal models are required to explore the mechanisms of and therapy for proximal descending thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA). This study aimed to establish a reproducible swine model of proximal descending TAA that can further explain the occurrence and progression of proximal descending TAA. METHODS: Eighteen Chinese Wuzhishan miniature pigs (30.32 ± 1.34 kg) were randomized into the elastase group (n = 12) and the control group (n = 6). The elastase group received intra-adventitial injections of elastase (5 mL, 20 mg/mL), and the control group received injections of physiologic saline solution...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470406/targeting-mannose-receptor-expression-on-macrophages-in-atherosclerotic-plaques-of-apolipoprotein-e-knockout-mice-using-111-in-tilmanocept
#15
Zohreh Varasteh, Fabien Hyafil, Nadège Anizan, Devy Diallo, Rachida Aid-Launais, Sarajo Mohanta, Yuanfang Li, Miriam Braeuer, Katja Steiger, Jonathan Vigne, Zhengtao Qin, Stephan G Nekolla, Jean-Etienne Fabre, Yvonne Döring, Dominique Le Guludec, Andreas Habenicht, David R Vera, Markus Schwaiger
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerotic plaque phenotypes are classified based on the extent of macrophage infiltration into the lesions, and the presence of certain macrophage subsets might be a sign for plaque vulnerability. The mannose receptor (MR) is over-expressed in activated macrophages. Tilmanocept is a tracer that targets MR and is approved in Europe and the USA for the detection of sentinel lymph nodes. In this study, our aim was to evaluate the potential of (111)In-labelled tilmanocept for the detection of MR-positive macrophages in atherosclerotic plaques of apolipoprotein E-knockout (ApoE-KO) mouse model...
December 2017: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461644/poor-predictive-value-of-isolated-adventitial-and-periadventitial-infiltrates-in-temporal-artery-biopsies-for-diagnosis-of-giant-cell-arteritis
#16
Claire Le Pendu, Véronique Meignin, Solange Gonzalez-Chiappe, Adrian Hij, Françoise Galateau-Sallé, Alfred Mahr
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the diagnostic value of inflammation limited to the adventitia (ILA), and isolated vasa vasorum or small-vessel vasculitis (VVV, SVV) in temporal artery biopsies (TAB) for giant cell arteritis (GCA). METHODS: Two pathologists reviewed consecutive first TAB. Using the clinical diagnoses as the gold standard, positive predictive values (PPV) were calculated. RESULTS: Among the 75 patients without classic TAB features of GCA, 8 had GCA diagnoses...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455630/relationship-between-carotid-plaque-surface-morphology-and-perfusion-a-3d-dce-mri-study
#17
Jianmin Yuan, Gregory Makris, Andrew Patterson, Ammara Usman, Tilak Das, Andrew Priest, Zhongzhao Teng, Sarah Hilborne, Dario Prudencio, Jonathan Gillard, Martin Graves
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the relationship between plaque surface morphology and neovascularization using a high temporal and spatial resolution 4D contrast-enhanced MRI/MRA sequence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty one patients with either recent symptoms or a carotid artery stenosis ≥40% were recruited in this study. Plaque surface morphology and luminal stenosis were determined from the arterial phase MRA images. Carotid neovascularization was evaluated by a previously validated pharmacokinetic (PK) modeling approach...
April 28, 2017: Magma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451233/effect-of-zinc-cations-on-the-kinetics-of-supramolecular-assembly-and-the-chirality-of-porphyrin-j-aggregates
#18
A Romeo, M A Castriciano, R Zagami, G Pollicino, L Monsù Scolaro, R F Pasternack
Dilute aqueous solutions of anionic meso-4-sulfonatophenyl-porphyrin (TPPS) extract zinc(ii) ions from glass or quartz surfaces at room temperature and efficiently form the corresponding metal complex (ZnTPPS). The partial or complete formation of ZnTPPS has been probed by UV/Vis spectroscopy and both static and time-resolved fluorescence. The source of zinc(ii) ions has been clearly identified through inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry. The presence of increasing amounts of ZnTPPS slows down the rate of TPPS J-aggregate formation in acid solution...
February 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448522/nestin-expression-is-upregulated-in-the-fibrotic-rat-heart-and-is-localized-in-collagen-expressing-mesenchymal-cells-and-interstitial-cd31-cells
#19
Vanessa Hertig, Kim Tardif, Marc Andre Meus, Natacha Duquette, Louis Villeneuve, Fanny Toussaint, Jonathan Ledoux, Angelino Calderone
Renal and lung fibrosis was characterized by the accumulation of collagen-immunoreactive mesenchymal cells expressing the intermediate filament protein nestin. The present study tested the hypothesis that nestin expression was increased in the hypertrophied/fibrotic left ventricle of suprarenal abdominal aorta constricted adult male Sprague-Dawley rats and induced in ventricular fibroblasts by pro-fibrotic peptide growth factors. Nestin protein levels were upregulated in the pressure-overloaded left ventricle and expression positively correlated with the rise of mean arterial pressure...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444601/somatic-embryogenesis-from-bud-and-leaf-explants-of-date-palm-phoenix-dactylifera-l-cv-najda
#20
Mouaad Amine Mazri, Ilham Belkoura, Reda Meziani, Boutaïna Mokhless, Souad Nour
An efficient regeneration system through somatic embryogenesis was developed for date palm cv. Najda. Adventitious bud and proximal leaf segments cultured on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with various combinations of auxins and cytokinins induced embryogenesis after at least 6 months of culture. Somatic embryogenesis induction seemed correlated with the type of the explant, the induction period and the auxin used. The highest rate of somatic embryogenesis (86.0%) was obtained on bud explants cultured on MS medium supplemented with 45...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
keyword
keyword
20938
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"