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Luis Abdala-Roberts, Johnattan Hernández-Cumplido, Luis Chel-Guerrero, David Betancur-Ancona, Betty Benrey, Xoaquín Moreira
PREMISE OF STUDY: Although there is increasing recognition of the effects of plant intraspecific diversity on consumers, the mechanisms by which such effects cascade-up to higher trophic levels remain elusive. METHODS: We evaluated the effects of plant (lima bean, Phaseolus lunatus) intraspecific diversity on a suite of insect herbivores (leaf-chewers, aphids, and seed-eating beetles) and their third trophic-level associates (parasitoids and aphid-tending ants)...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Botany
Jason A Wiesinger, Karen A Cichy, Raymond P Glahn, Michael A Grusak, Mark A Brick, Henry J Thompson, Elad Tako
Dry beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) are a nutrient dense food rich in protein and micronutrients. Despite their nutritional benefits, long cooking times limit the consumption of dry beans worldwide, especially in nations where fuelwood for cooking is often expensive or scarce. This study evaluated the nutritive value of 12 dry edible bean lines that vary for cooking time (20 to 89 min) from four market classes (yellow, cranberry, light red kidney, and red mottled) of economic importance in bean consuming regions of Africa and the Americas...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Saleh A Mohamed, Mohamed F Elshal, Taha A Kumosani, Alia M Aldahlawi, Tasneem A Basbrain, Fauziah A Alshehri, Hani Choudhry
Escherichia coli-derived L-asparaginases have been used in the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), however, clinical hypersensitivity reactions and silent inactivation due to antibodies against E. coli-asparaginase, lead to inactivation of these preparations in most cases.Therefore, this study was aimed to investigate the cytotoxicity and antitumor effects ofa novel L-asparaginaseenzyme, isolated from Phaseolus vulgaris seeds (P-Asp) on the ALL cell line (Jurkat). The immunogenicity of the enzyme was also evaluated in-vivo and results were compared to commercially available enzymes of microbial sources...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Andrea Kakuszi, Katalin Solymosi, Béla Böddi
The maintenance but substantial transformation of plastids was found in lowermost hypocotyl segments of soil-grown bean plants (Phaseolus vulgaris cv. Magnum) during a 60-day cultivation period. Although the plants were grown under natural light-dark cycles, this hypocotyl segment was under full coverage of the soil in 5-7 cm depth, thus it was never exposed to light. The 4-day old plants were fully etiolated: amyloplasts, occasionally prolamellar bodies, protochlorophyllide (Pchlide) and protochlorophyll (Pchl) were found in the hypocotyls of these young seedlings...
October 13, 2016: Physiologia Plantarum
Vikas Belamkar, Andrew D Farmer, Nathan T Weeks, Scott R Kalberer, William J Blackmon, Steven B Cannon
For species with potential as new crops, rapid improvement may be facilitated by new genomic methods. Apios (Apios americana Medik.), once a staple food source of Native American Indians, produces protein-rich tubers, tolerates a wide range of soils, and symbiotically fixes nitrogen. We report the first high-quality de novo transcriptome assembly, an expression atlas, and a set of 58,154 SNP and 39,609 gene expression markers (GEMs) for characterization of a breeding collection. Both SNPs and GEMs identify six genotypic clusters in the collection...
October 10, 2016: Scientific Reports
Ryo Okada, Eri Kiyota, Hiromitsu Moriyama, Toshiyuki Fukuhara, Rodrigo A Valverde
A double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) of approximately 15 kbp was isolated from asymptomatic winged bean (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus) plants. The size of the dsRNA, together with results of RT-PCR testing, suggested that it was the replicative form of a plant endornavirus. Cloning, sequencing, and sequence analyses confirmed the endornavirus nature of the dsRNA. Conserved motifs typical for endornaviruses were identified and their amino acid sequences compared with those of selected endornaviruses. Phylogenetic analyses revealed a close relationship with Bell pepper endornavirus, Phaseolus vulgaris endornavirus 2, and Hot pepper endornavirus...
October 6, 2016: Virus Genes
Rucha Harishbhai Mehta, Manivel Ponnuchamy, Jitendra Kumar, Nagaraja Reddy Rama Reddy
De novo assembly of reads produced by next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies offers a rapid approach to obtain expressed gene sequences for non-model organisms. Senna (Cassia angustifolia Vahl.) is a drought-tolerant annual undershrub of Caesalpiniaceae, a subfamily of Fabaceae. There are insufficient transcriptomic and genomic data in public databases for understanding the molecular mechanism underlying the drought tolerance of senna. Therefore, the main purpose of this study was to know the transcriptome profile of senna, with special reference to drought stress...
October 5, 2016: Functional & Integrative Genomics
L M Moura, P C S Carneiro, N M Vale, L D Barili, L C Silva, J E S Carneiro, C D Cruz
In this study, conducted in two different seasons, we aimed to choose parents to obtain promising segregating populations for the extraction of black bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) lines that are superior in terms of disease resistance, plant architecture, and grain yield. Twelve parents were arranged in two groups to compose a partial diallel in a 5 x 7 scheme. Group 1 was composed of parents with black grains and erect plant architecture, while group 2 was composed of parents that had carioca grains and were resistant to the main fungal diseases that occur in the common bean...
August 29, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
R C C Vasconcellos, T F C Lima, C N Fernandes-Brum, A Chalfun-Junior, J B Santos
The interaction between polygalacturonase-inhibiting proteins (PGIPs), produced by plants, and endopolygalacturonases (PGs), produced by fungi, limits the destructive potential of PGs and can trigger plant defense responses. This study aimed to i) investigate variation in the expression of different common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) genotypes and its relationship with resistance to white mold (Sclerotinia sclerotiorum); ii) determine the expression levels of PvPGIP genes at different time points after inoculation with white mold; and iii) investigate differences in PvPGIP gene expression between two white mold isolates with different levels of aggressiveness...
August 19, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Shweta Panchal, Reejana Chitrakar, Blaine K Thompson, Nisita Obulareddy, Debanjana Roy, W Sealy Hambright, Maeli Melotto
It has long been observed that environmental conditions play crucial roles in modulating immunity and disease in plants and animals. For instance, many bacterial plant disease outbreaks occur after periods of high humidity and rain. A critical step in bacterial infection is entry into the plant interior through wounds and natural openings, such as stomata, which are adjustable microscopic pores in the epidermal tissue. Several studies have shown that stomatal closure is an integral part of the plant immune response to reduce pathogen invasion...
October 4, 2016: Plant Physiology
David Tinayeshe Maringe, Cathrine Chidewe, Mudadi Albert Benhura, Brighton Marimanzi Mvumi, Tatenda Clive Murashiki, Mavis Precious Dembedza, Lucia Siziba, Loveness Kuziwa Nyanga
Aflatoxins, mainly produced by Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus, are highly toxic and may lead to health problems such as liver cancer. Exposure to aflatoxins may result from ingestion of contaminated foods. Levels of AFB1, AFB2, AFG1 and AFG2 in samples of groundnuts (Arachis hypogaea), beans (Phaseolus vulgaris), cowpeas (Vigna unguiculata) and bambara nuts (Vigna subterranean) grown by smallholder farmers in Shamva and Makoni districts, Zimbabwe, were determined at harvesting, using high performance liquid chromatography after immunoaffinity clean-up...
October 4, 2016: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part B, Surveillance
Kalpana Nanjareddy, Lourdes Blanco, Manoj Kumar Arthikala, Xochitl Alvarado-Affantranger, Carmen Quinto, Federico Sanchez, Miguel Lara
The target of rapamycin (TOR) protein kinase regulates metabolism, growth and life span in yeast, animals and plants in coordination with nutrient status and environmental conditions. The nutrient-dependent nature of TOR functionality makes this kinase a putative regulator of symbiotic associations involving nutrient acquisition. However, TOR's role in these processes remains to be understood. Here, we uncovered the role of TOR during the Phaseolus vulgaris-Rhizobium symbiotic interaction. TOR was expressed in all tested Phaseolus tissues, with higher expression levels in the root meristems and senesced nodules...
October 3, 2016: Plant Physiology
Aleksandra Urbanek, Dorota Łuszczek, Małgorzata Kapusta
Acanthoscelides obtectus, a serious pest with a worldwide distribution, damages stored seeds of Phaseolus sp. To acquire a better understanding of the sensory orientation of bean weevils, their antennal and palpal sensilla were investigated. The antennae and palps possess several types of sensory hairs: blunt-tipped sensilla chaetica and trichoidea and also sharp-tipped sensilla trichoidea, these last being the most numerous. Sensilla basiconica are present only on the flagellomeres, but Böhm bristles occur on the basal sclerite and scape of the antennae...
October 2, 2016: Microscopy Research and Technique
Francesca Barbero, Michela Guglielmotto, Andrea Capuzzo, Massimo E Maffei
Extracellular self-DNA (esDNA) is produced during cell and tissue damage or degradation and has been shown to induce significant responses in several organisms, including plants. While the inhibitory effects of esDNA have been shown in conspecific individuals, little is known on the early events involved upon plant esDNA perception. We used electrophysiology and confocal laser scanning microscopy calcium localization to evaluate the plasma membrane potential (Vm) variations and the intracellular calcium fluxes, respectively, in Lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus) and maize (Zea mays) plants exposed to esDNA and extracellular heterologous DNA (etDNA) and to etDNA from Spodoptera littoralis larvae and oral secretions...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
BioMed Research International
[This retracts the article DOI: 10.1155/2013/782450.].
2016: BioMed Research International
Solomon Maina, Owain R Edwards, Luis de Almeida, Abel Ximenes, Roger A C Jones
We present here the first complete Bean common mosaic necrosis virus (BCMNV) genomic sequence isolated from virus-infected common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) in East Timor, and compare it with six complete BMCNV genomes from the Netherlands, and one each from the United States, Tanzania, and an unspecified country. It most resembled the Netherlands strain NL-8 genome.
September 29, 2016: Genome Announcements
Recep Vatansever, Mehmet Emin Uras, Ugur Sen, Ibrahim Ilker Ozyigit, Ertugrul Filiz
A transcription factor DREB1A (dehydration-responsive element-binding 1A) gene was amplified and sequenced from the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris). PvDREB1A had a 777 base pairs (bp) open reading frame encoding a protein of 225 residues. The protein sequence contained a conserved DNA-binding AP2 domain of about 60 residues and a nuclear localization signal (NLS) at N-terminus site. PvDREB1A demonstrated high homology with other DREB1 members only in AP2 domain and NLS site. The phylogenetic distribution of different DREB members showed three main groups as DREB1-3 and PvDREB1A was a member of DREB1 group...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
Chinnannan Karthik, Mohammad Oves, R Thangabalu, Ranandkumar Sharma, S B Santhosh, P Indra Arulselvi
Contamination of agriculture land by heavy metals is a worldwide risk that has sped up noticeably since the beginning of the industrial revolution. Hence, there arise the demands of heavy metal tolerant plant growth promoting bacterial strains for specific metal contaminated agricultural sites restoration. In this study, 36 bacterial isolates were screened out from the rhizospheric soil of Phaseolus vulgaris. Among these, two bacterial strains AR6 and AR8 were selected based on their higher Cr(VI) tolerance (1200 and 1100 μg/mL, respectively) and the maximum production of plant growth promoting substances...
November 2016: Journal of Advanced Research
Barbara Wrzesińska, Przemysław Wieczorek, Aleksandra Obrępalska-Stęplowska
Full-length cDNA clones of Peanut stunt virus strain P (PSV-P) were constructed and introduced into Nicotiana benthamiana plants via Agrobacterium tumefaciens. The cDNA fragments corresponding to three PSV genomic RNAs and satellite RNA were cloned into pGreen binary vector between Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) 35S promoter and nopaline synthase (NOS) terminator employing seamless recombinational cloning system. The plasmids were delivered into A. tumefaciens, followed by infiltration of hosts plants. The typical symptoms on systemic leaves of infected plants similar to those of wild-type PSV-P were observed...
November 2016: Journal of Virological Methods
Satsuki Une, Koji Nonaka, Junich Akiyama
The effects of hull processing, soaking, and boiling on the content or activity of antinutrients in the red sword bean (RSB; Canavalia gladiata) were investigated. RSB seeds were compared with kidney bean (KB; Phaseolus vulgaris) seeds that are starch based and often used as processed products in Japan. RSB seeds had higher weight, thicker hull, and higher protein content, but lower moisture content compared with KB seeds. Because of the strong and thick hull, the relative water absorption of untreated RSB seeds was very low after soaking...
October 2016: Journal of Food Science
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