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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811759/seed-transmission-of-tomato-yellow-leaf-curl-virus-in-white-soybean-glycine-max
#1
Eui-Joon Kil, Jungho Park, Hong-Soo Choi, Chang-Seok Kim, Sukchan Lee
Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) infection of the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) has been reported, but soybean (Glycine max) has not previously been identified as a TYLCV host. Five cultivars of white soybean were agro-inoculated using an infectious TYLCV clone. At 30 days post-inoculation, they showed infection rates of 25% to 100%. Typical TYLCV symptoms were not observed in any inoculated plants. To examine whether TYLCV was transmitted in soybean seeds, DNA was isolated from bundles of five randomly selected seeds from TYLCV-inoculated soybean plants and amplified with a TYLCV-specific primer set...
August 2017: Plant Pathology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800543/hypoglycemic-and-hypolipidemic-effects-of-aqueous-extract-of-phaseolus-vulgaris-pods-in-streptozotocin-diabetic-rats
#2
Mohammad Faisal Almuaigel, Mosaad A Seif, Hamad Waleed Albuali, Omar Alharbi, Amer Alhawash
The present investigation was carried out to evaluate the reduction potential of aqueous extract of casing of pods of phaseolus vulgaris in blood glucose and lipids levels among hyperglycemic streptozotocin (STZ)-induced rats. Oral administration of 150mg/kg of aqueous oral administration of aqueous pod extract of phaseolus vulgaris to diabetic rats for 40days resulted in a significant decrease in blood glucose (p<001), cholesterol (P<0.01) and triglycerides (P<0.01). In addition, glibenclamide reduced blood glucose, cholesterol and triglycerides...
August 8, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798757/establishing-the-bases-for-introducing-the-unexplored-portuguese-common-bean-germplasm-into-the-breeding-world
#3
Susana T Leitão, Marco Dinis, Maria M Veloso, Zlatko Šatović, Maria C Vaz Patto
Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is among the most important grain legumes for human consumption worldwide. Portugal has a potentially promising common bean germplasm, resulting from more than five centuries of natural adaptation and farmers' selection. Nevertheless, limited characterization of this resource hampers its exploitation by breeding programs. To support a more efficient conservation of the national bean germplasm and promote its use in crop improvement, we performed, for the first time, a simultaneous molecular marker (21 microsatellites and a DNA marker for phaseolin-type diversity analysis) and seed and plant morphological characterization (14 traits) of 175 accessions from Portuguese mainland and islands traditional bean-growing regions...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796793/characterizing-the-gut-gallus-gallus-microbiota-following-the-consumption-of-an-iron-biofortified-rwandan-cream-seeded-carioca-phaseolus-vulgaris-l-bean-based-diet
#4
Spenser Reed, Hadar Neuman, Raymond P Glahn, Omry Koren, Elad Tako
Biofortification is a plant breeding method that introduces increased concentrations of minerals in staple food crops (e.g., legumes, cereal grains), and has shown success in alleviating insufficient Fe intake in various human populations. Unlike other strategies utilized to alleviate Fe deficiency, studies of the gut microbiota in the context of Fe biofortification have not yet been reported, although the consumption of Fe biofortified staple food crops has increased significantly over time. Hence, in this study, we performed a 6-week feeding trial in Gallus gallus (n = 14), aimed to investigate the alterations in the gut microbiome following administration of an Fe biofortified bean-based diet (biofortified, BFe) versus a bean based diet with poorly-bioavailable Fe (standard, SFe)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780690/engineered-silica-nanoparticles-alleviate-the-detrimental-effects-of-na-stress-on-germination-and-growth-of-common-bean-phaseolus-vulgaris
#5
Abdullah H Alsaeedi, Hassan El-Ramady, Tarek Alshaal, Mohamed El-Garawani, Nevien Elhawat, Mahdi Almohsen
During the past 10 years, exploiting engineered nanoparticles in agricultural sector has been rapidly increased. Nanoparticles are used to increase the productivity of different crops particularly under biotic and abiotic stresses. This study aims to test the ability of nanosilica (NS) to ameliorate the detrimental impact of Na(+) with different concentrations on the seed germination and the growth of common bean seedlings. Five doses of Na(+) have been prepared from NaCl, i.e., 1000, 2000, 3000, 4000, and 5000 mg L(-1), and distilled water was applied as a control...
August 5, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777559/comparison-of-grain-proteome-profiles-of-four-brazilian-common-bean-phaseolus-vulgaris-l-cultivars
#6
Gabriela Barbosa Rossi, Pedro Alexandre Valentim-Neto, Martina Blank, Josias Correa Faria, Ana C M Arisi
Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is a source of proteins for about one billion people worldwide. In Brazil, 'BRS Sublime', 'BRS Vereda', 'BRS Esteio' and 'BRS Estilo' cultivars were developed by Embrapa to offer high yield to farmers and excellent quality to final consumers. In this work, grain proteomes of these common bean cultivars were compared based on two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) and tandem mass spectrometry (MS). Principal component analysis (PCA) was applied to compare 349 matched spots in these cultivars proteomes and all cultivars were clearly separated in PCA plot...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771548/differentially-expressed-genes-in-mycorrhized-and-nodulated-roots-of-common-bean-are-associated-with-defense-cell-wall-architecture-n-metabolism-and-p-metabolism
#7
Kalpana Nanjareddy, Manoj-Kumar Arthikala, Brenda-Mariana Gómez, Lourdes Blanco, Miguel Lara
Legumes participate in two important endosymbiotic associations, with phosphorus-acquiring arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM, soil fungi) and with nitrogen-fixing bacterial rhizobia. These divergent symbionts share a common symbiotic signal transduction pathway that facilitates the establishment of mycorrhization and nodulation in legumes. However, the unique and shared downstream genes essential for AM and nodule development have not been identified in crop legumes. Here, we used ion torrent next-generation sequencing to perform comparative transcriptomics of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) roots colonized by AM or rhizobia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760419/hypoglycemic-and-hypolipidemic-effect-of-vaccinium-myrtillus-l-leaf-and-phaseolus-vulgaris-l-seed-coat-extracts-in-diabetic-rats
#8
Yulia Sidorova, Vladimir Shipelin, Vladimir Mazo, Sergey Zorin, Nikita Petrov, Alla Kochetkova
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects of Vaccinium myrtillus L. leaf (VLE) and Phaseolus vulgaris L. seed coat (PCE) plant extracts, containing polyphenolic compounds, on carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in Wistar rats with streptozotocin (STZ) and high-fructose diet (HFD)-induced diabetes. METHODS: Male Wistar rats with STZ and HFD-induced diabetes were fed with or without VLE or PCE for 50 d. At different intervals, blood glucose and body weight were recorded...
September 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754026/iron-bioavailability-studies-of-the-first-generation-of-iron-biofortified-beans-released-in-rwanda
#9
Raymond Glahn, Elad Tako, Jonathan Hart, Jere Haas, Mercy Lung'aho, Steve Beebe
This paper represents a series of in vitro iron (Fe) bioavailability experiments, Fe content analysis and polyphenolic profile of the first generation of Fe biofortified beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) selected for human trials in Rwanda and released to farmers of that region. The objective of the present study was to demonstrate how the Caco-2 cell bioassay for Fe bioavailability can be utilized to assess the nutritional quality of Fe in such varieties and how they may interact with diets and meal plans of experimental studies...
July 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751391/complete-genome-sequences-of-eight-rhizobium-symbionts-associated-with-common-bean-phaseolus-vulgaris
#10
Rosa Isela Santamaría, Patricia Bustos, Olga María Pérez-Carrascal, Fabiola Miranda-Sánchez, Pablo Vinuesa, Irma Martínez-Flores, Soledad Juárez, Luis Lozano, Esperanza Martínez-Romero, Miguel Ángel Cevallos, David Romero, Guillermo Dávila, Ernesto Ormeño-Orrillo, Víctor González
We present here the high-quality complete genome sequences of eight strains of Rhizobium-nodulating Phaseolus vulgaris Comparative analyses showed that some of them belonged to different genomic and evolutionary lineages with common symbiotic properties. Two novel symbiotic plasmids (pSyms) with P. vulgaris specificity are reported here.
July 27, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736566/genome-wide-linkage-and-association-mapping-of-halo-blight-resistance-in-common-bean-to-race-6-of-the-globally-important-bacterial-pathogen
#11
Andrew J Tock, Deidré Fourie, Peter G Walley, Eric B Holub, Alvaro Soler, Karen A Cichy, Marcial A Pastor-Corrales, Qijian Song, Timothy G Porch, John P Hart, Renato C C Vasconcellos, Joana G Vicente, Guy C Barker, Phillip N Miklas
Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola (Psph) Race 6 is a globally prevalent and broadly virulent bacterial pathogen with devastating impact causing halo blight of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Common bean lines PI 150414 and CAL 143 are known sources of resistance against this pathogen. We constructed high-resolution linkage maps for three recombinant inbred populations to map resistance to Psph Race 6 derived from the two common bean lines. This was complemented with a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of Race 6 resistance in an Andean Diversity Panel of common bean...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736531/assessment-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-metastasis-glycobiomarkers-using-advanced-quantitative-n-glycoproteome-analysis
#12
Tianhua Liu, Shuxin Shang, Wei Li, Xue Qin, Lu Sun, Shu Zhang, Yinkun Liu
Hepatocelluar carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignant tumors with high incidence of metastasis. Glycosylation is involved in fundamental molecular and cell biology process occurring in cancer including metastasis formation. In this study, lectin microarray, lectin blotting, lectin affinity chromatography and tandem (18)O stable isotope labeling coupled with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometer (LC-MS) analysis were applied to quantify the changes in N-glycosite occupancy for HCC metastasis serum...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735851/assessing-beans-as-a-source-of-intrinsic-fiber-on-satiety-in-men-and-women-with-metabolic-syndrome
#13
Elizabeth J Reverri, Jody M Randolph, C Tissa Kappagoda, Eunyoung Park, Indika Edirisinghe, Britt M Burton-Freeman
Dietary fiber is well-known for its satiety inducing properties. Adding fibers to mixed dishes is one way to increase fiber intake. However, adding fibers to foods versus including foods inherently containing fiber may reveal differing effects on satiety. The present study aimed to explore the satiety effects of adding fiber to a mixed meal versus using beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) as a source of intrinsic fiber in the meal. In this pilot study, 12 men and women with metabolic syndrome were randomly assigned to eat three standard meals in a crossover design on three different occasions that contained either no added fiber (control (NF)), extrinsic or added fiber (AF), or whole black beans as the source of intrinsic fiber (BN)...
July 20, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730365/cd-pb-and-zn-mobility-and-bio-availability-in-contaminated-soils-from-a-former-smelting-site-amended-with-biochar
#14
Tonia Lomaglio, Nour Hattab-Hambli, Florie Miard, Manhattan Lebrun, Romain Nandillon, Dalila Trupiano, Gabriella Stefania Scippa, Arnaud Gauthier, Mikael Motelica-Heino, Sylvain Bourgerie, Domenico Morabito
Biochar is a potential candidate for the remediation of metal(loid)-contaminated soils. However, the mechanisms of contaminant-biochar retention and release depend on the amount of soil contaminants and physicochemical characteristics, as well as the durability of the biochar contaminant complex, which may be related to the pyrolysis process parameters. The objective of the present study was to evaluate, in a former contaminated smelting site, the impact of two doses of wood biochar (2 and 5% w/w) on metal immobilization and/or phytoavailability and their effectiveness in promoting plant growth in mesocosm experiments...
July 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729876/genetic-architecture-of-flooding-tolerance-in-the-dry-bean-middle-american-diversity-panel
#15
Ali Soltani, Samira MafiMoghaddam, Katelynn Walter, Daniel Restrepo-Montoya, Sujan Mamidi, Stephan Schroder, Rian Lee, Phillip E McClean, Juan M Osorno
Flooding is a devastating abiotic stress that endangers crop production in the twenty-first century. Because of the severe susceptibility of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) to flooding, an understanding of the genetic architecture and physiological responses of this crop will set the stage for further improvement. However, challenging phenotyping methods hinder a large-scale genetic study of flooding tolerance in common bean and other economically important crops. A greenhouse phenotyping protocol was developed to evaluate the flooding conditions at early stages...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721334/draft-genome-sequence-of-bradyrhizobium-paxllaeri-lmtr-21-t-isolated-from-lima-bean-phaseolus-lunatus-in-peru
#16
Ernesto Ormeño-Orrillo, Luis Rey, David Durán, Carlos A Canchaya, Marco A Rogel, Doris Zúñiga-Dávila, Juan Imperial, Tomás Ruiz-Argüeso, Esperanza Martínez-Romero
Bradyrhizobium paxllaeri is a prevalent species in root nodules of the Lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus) in Peru. LMTR 21(T) is the type strain of the species and was isolated from a root nodule collected in an agricultural field in the Peruvian central coast. Its 8.29 Mbp genome encoded 7635 CDS, 71 tRNAs and 3 rRNAs genes. All genes required to stablish a nitrogen-fixing symbiosis with its host were present. The draft genome sequence and annotation have been deposited at GenBank under the accession number MAXB00000000...
September 2017: Genomics Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711666/micrornas-associated-with-drought-response-in-the-pulse-crop-common-bean-phaseolus-vulgaris-l
#17
Jing Wu, Lanfen Wang, Shumin Wang
Drought stress significantly reduces common bean yields. Recently, some drought-related miRNAs were found in various plants. However, reports of miRNAs involved in drought stress in common bean are limited. Here, we obtained four sRNA samples from drought-tolerant and -sensitive cultivars of common bean that experienced with or without drought treatment. A total of 49 novel miRNAs and 120 known miRNAs were detected. Under drought treatment, 9 and 7 known miRNAs were down and up-regulated, respectively, and 5 and 3 of the novel miRNAs were increased and decreased, respectively...
July 12, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707727/in-vitro-renin-angiotensin-system-inhibition-and-in-vivo-antihypertensive-activity-of-peptide-fractions-from-lima-bean-phaseolus-lunatus-l
#18
Norma A Ciau-Solís, Juan J Acevedo-Fernández, David Betancur-Ancona
BACKGROUND: The renin-angiotensin system is key in the physiopathology of arterial hypertension because it converts angiotensin I, via angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE), into angiotensin II. In vitro analyses were done of the ACE-inhibitory and renin-inhibitory activities of peptide fractions isolated by enzymatic hydrolysis of Lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus) protein. Antihypertensive activity was confirmed in vivo using a rat model. RESULTS: Lima bean protein was hydrolyzed with one of two sequential enzymatic systems (pepsin-pancreatin or Alcalase®-Flavourzyme®)...
July 14, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702356/genome-sequence-of-bradyrhizobium-sp-lmtr-3-a-diazotrophic-symbiont-of-lima-bean-phaseolus-lunatus
#19
Ernesto Ormeño-Orrillo, Luis Rey, David Durán, Carlos A Canchaya, Doris Zúñiga-Dávila, Juan Imperial, Esperanza Martínez-Romero, Tomás Ruiz-Argüeso
Bradyrhizobium sp. LMTR 3 is a representative strain of one of the geno(species) of diazotrophic symbionts associated with Lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus) in Peru. Its 7.83 Mb genome was sequenced using the Illumina technology and found to encode a complete set of genes required for nodulation and nitrogen fixation, and additional genes putatively involved in root colonization. Its draft genome sequence and annotation have been deposited at GenBank under the accession number MAXC00000000.
September 2017: Genomics Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701815/next-generation-crop-models-a-modular-approach-to-model-early-vegetative-and-reproductive-development-of-the-common-bean-phaseolus-vulgaris-l
#20
C Hwang, M J Correll, S A Gezan, L Zhang, M S Bhakta, C E Vallejos, K J Boote, J A Clavijo-Michelangeli, J W Jones
The next generation of gene-based crop models offers the potential of predicting crop vegetative and reproductive development based on genotype and weather data as inputs. Here, we illustrate an approach for developing a dynamic modular gene-based model to simulate changes in main stem node numbers, time to first anthesis, and final node number on the main stem of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). In the modules, these crop characteristics are functions of relevant genes (quantitative trait loci (QTL)), the environment (E), and QTL × E interactions...
July 2017: Agricultural Systems
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