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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706765/trauma-and-hypothermia-in-antarctica-an-emergency-medicine-marine-simulation-scenario
#1
Chrystal Horwood, Kerry-Lynn Williams, Tate Skinner, Robert Brown, Tia Renouf, Adam Dubrowski
Simulation has been shown to improve both learner knowledge and patient outcomes. Many emergency medicine training programs incorporate simulation into their curricula to provide learners with experiences that are rare to encounter in practice, yet performance with a high degree of competence is critical. One rare encounter, which is depicted in the report, is the management of a trauma patient who was hypothermic after falling from an expedition vessel into the cold Southern Ocean. The unique scenario presented in this technical report incorporates CanMEDS learning objectives including the communicator, health advocate, and collaborator roles...
June 12, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650843/can-canmeds-competencies-be-developed-in-medical-school-anatomy-laboratories-a-literature-review
#2
REVIEW
Joshua Hefler, Christopher J Ramnanan
Objectives: The purpose of this literature review was to identify potential ways in which undergraduate medical anatomy education may be relevant to the CanMEDS Roles, a competency-based framework used throughout Canadian medical training. Methods: A scoping review of medical education literature was conducted in March 2017 for English language publications that included key words related to anatomy education and to key competencies formally described for each of the Roles in the CanMEDS 2015 framework...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640027/exploring-integration-in-action-competencies-as-building-blocks-of-expertise
#3
Maria Mylopoulos, Debaroti Tina Borschel, Tara O'Brien, Sofia Martimianakis, Nicole N Woods
PURPOSE: Competency frameworks such as the CanMEDS roles and the ACGME core competencies may lead to the implicit assumption that physicians can learn and practice individual competencies in isolation. In contrast, models of adaptive expertise suggest that the integration of competencies reflects the capabilities of an expert physician. Thus, educational programming aimed at teaching discrete roles or competencies might overlook expert physician capabilities that are central to patient care...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584873/visions-and-reality-the-idea-of-competence-oriented-assessment-for-german-medical-students-is-not-yet-realised-in-licensing-examinations
#4
Markus Huber-Lang, Annette Palmer, Claudia Grab, Anja Boeckers, Tobias Maria Boeckers, Wolfgang Oechsner
Objective: Competence orientation, often based on the CanMEDS model, has become an important goal for modern curricula in medical education. The National Competence Based Catalogue of Learning Objectives for Undergraduate Medical Education (NKLM) has been adopted in Germany. However, it is currently unknown whether the vision of competence orientation has also reached the licensing examination procedures. Methods: Therefore, a prospective, descriptive, single-centre, exemplary study design was applied to evaluate 4051 questions/tasks (from 28 examiners at 7 two-day licensing oral-practical exams) for undergraduate medical students at the University of Ulm...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498034/assessment-of-resident-physicians-communicator-and-collaborator-competencies-by-interprofessional-clinicians-a-mixed-methods-study
#5
Lyn K Sonnenberg, Lesley Pritchard-Wiart, Carol S Hodgson, YongQiang Yu, Sharla King
Phenomenon: As we move toward competency-based medical education, greater emphasis is being placed on assessing a more comprehensive skill set, including the ability to communicate and collaborate effectively in the workplace. Nonphysician members on interprofessional (IP) teams have valuable perspectives on actual resident performance and are often not adequately engaged in the provision of feedback to residents. Based on the educational theories of collaborative evaluation and social constructivism, this research examined the ability of IP clinicians to provide feedback to residents...
May 12, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485074/integrated-and-implicit-how-residents-learn-canmeds-roles-by-participating-in-practice
#6
Nienke Renting, A N Janet Raat, Tim Dornan, Etienne Wenger-Trayner, Martha A van der Wal, Jan C C Borleffs, Rijk O B Gans, A Debbie C Jaarsma
CONTEXT: Learning outcomes for residency training are defined in competency frameworks such as the CanMEDS framework, which ultimately aim to better prepare residents for their future tasks. Although residents' training relies heavily on learning through participation in the workplace under the supervision of a specialist, it remains unclear how the CanMEDS framework informs practice-based learning and daily interactions between residents and supervisors. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore how the CanMEDS framework informs residents' practice-based training and interactions with supervisors...
May 9, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473725/epidemiological-clinical-and-virologic-features-of-two-family-clusters-of-avian-influenza-a-h7n9-virus-infections-in-southeast-china
#7
Jianfeng Xie, Yuwei Weng, Jianming Ou, Lin Zhao, Yanhua Zhang, Jinzhang Wang, Wei Chen, Meng Huang, Wenqiong Xiu, Hongbin Chen, Yongjun Zhang, Binshan Wu, Wenxiang He, Ying Zhu, Libin You, Zhimiao Huang, Canming Zhang, Longtao Hong, Wei Wang, Kuicheng Zheng
This study aimed to investigate the epidemiological, clinical, and virologic characteristics of avian influenza A (H7N9) confirmed cases from two family clusters in Southeast China. Epidemiological data of the H7N9 confirmed cases and their close contacts were obtained through interviews and reviews of medical records. Of the four patients in these two family clusters, two cases had mild symptoms, one had severe symptoms, and one died. Three of the four patients had a history of exposure to live poultry or contaminated environments...
May 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455152/defining-a-leader-role-curriculum-for-radiation-oncology-a-global-delphi-consensus-study
#8
Sandra Turner, Matthew Seel, Theresa Trotter, Meredith Giuliani, Kim Benstead, Jesper G Eriksen, Philip Poortmans, Christine Verfaillie, Henrike Westerveld, Shamira Cross, Ming-Ka Chan, Timothy Shaw
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The need for radiation oncologists and other radiation oncology (RO) professionals to lead quality improvement activities and contribute to shaping the future of our specialty is self-evident. Leadership knowledge, skills and behaviours, like other competencies, can be learned (Blumenthal et al., 2012). The objective of this study was to define a globally applicable competency set specific to radiation oncology for the CanMEDS Leader Role (Frank et al., 2015). METHODS: A modified Delphi consensus process delivering two rounds of on-line surveys was used...
May 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449724/does-medical-school-research-productivity-predict-a-resident-s-research-productivity-during-residency
#9
Scott Kohlert, Laura Zuccaro, Laurie McLean, Kristian Macdonald
BACKGROUND: Research productivity is an important component of the CanMEDS Scholar role and is an accreditation requirement of Canadian Otolaryngology training programs. Our objective was to determine if an association exists between publication rates before and during Otolaryngology residency. METHODS: We obtained the names for all certified Canadian Otolaryngologists who graduated between 1998 and 2013 inclusive, and conducted a Medline search for all of their publications...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413889/shedding-light-into-the-black-box-a-prospective-longitudinal-study-identifying-the-canmeds-roles-of-final-year-medical-students-on-ward-activities
#10
Till Johannes Bugaj, Carolin Schmid, Ansgar Koechel, Jan Stiepak, Jan B Groener, Wolfgang Herzog, Christoph Nikendei
INTRODUCTION: To our best knowledge, a rigorous prospective analysis of final year medical students' (FY medical students) activity profiles during workplace learning is lacking. The present study investigated the CanMEDS characteristics of all on-ward activities performed by internal medicine FY medical students. We tested the hypotheses that during FY medical student workplace training (I) routine activities are predominantly performed, while supervised, more complex activities are underrepresented with (II) FY medical students performing an insufficient number of autonomous activities and that (III) the CanMEDS roles of the Communicator and the Professional prevail...
April 15, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370354/how-evidence-from-observing-attending-physicians-links-to-a-competency-based-framework
#11
Maria Bacchus, David R Ward, Jill de Grood, Jane B Lemaire
CONTEXT: Competency-based medical education frameworks are often founded on a combination of existing research, educational principles and expert consensus. Our objective was to examine how components of the attending physician role, as determined by observing preceptors during their real-world work, link to the CanMEDS Physician Competency Framework. METHODS: This is a sub-study of a broader study exploring the role of the attending physician by observing these doctors during their working day...
June 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272839/combined-analysis-of-nmr-and-ms-spectra-canms
#12
Mei Chong, Anusha Jayaraman, Silvia Marin, Vitaly Selivanov, Pedro R de Atauri Carulla, Daniel A Tennant, Marta Cascante, Ulrich L Günther, Christian Ludwig
Cellular metabolism in mammalian cells represents a challenge for analytical chemistry in the context of current biomedical research. Mass spectrometry and NMR spectroscopy together with computational tools have been used to study metabolism in cells. Compartmentalization of metabolism complicates the interpretation of stable isotope patterns in mammalian cells owing to the superimposition of different pathways contributing to the same pool of analytes. This indicates a need for a model-free approach to interpret such data...
April 3, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241756/medical-students-experiences-of-their-own-professional-development-during-three-clinical-terms-a-prospective-follow-up-study
#13
Susanne Kalén, Hanna Lachmann, Maria Varttinen, Riitta Möller, Tomas S Bexelius, Sari Ponzer
BACKGROUND: A modern competency-based medical education is well implemented globally, but less is known about how the included learning activities contribute to medical students' professional development. The aim of this study was to explore Swedish medical students' perceptions of the offered learning activities and their experiences of how these activities were connected to their professional development as defined by the CanMEDS framework. METHODS: A prospective mixed method questionnaire study during three terms (internal medicine, scientific project, and surgery) in which data were collected by using contextual activity sampling system, i...
February 27, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178910/medtalks-developing-teaching-abilities-and-experience-in-undergraduate-medical-students
#14
Suhair Bandeali, Albert Chiang, Christopher J Ramnanan
OBJECTIVES: According to the CanMEDS' Scholar competency, physicians are expected to facilitate the learning of colleagues, patients and other health professionals. However, most medical students are not provided with formal opportunities to gain teaching experience with objective feedback. METHODS: To address this, the University's Medical Education Interest Group (MEIG) created a pilot teaching program in January 2015 entitled 'MedTalks'. Four 3-hour sessions were held at the University Faculty of Medicine, where first and second year medical students taught clinically oriented topics to undergraduate university students...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122557/motivation-and-competence-of-participants-in-a-learner-centered-student-run-clinic-an-exploratory-pilot-study
#15
Tim Schutte, Jelle Tichelaar, Ramon S Dekker, Abel Thijs, Theo P G M de Vries, Rashmi A Kusurkar, Milan C Richir, Michiel A van Agtmael
BACKGROUND: The Learner-Centered Student-run Clinic (LC-SRC) was designed to teach and train prescribing skills grounded in a real-life context, to provide students with early clinical experience and responsibility. The current studies' theoretical framework was based on the Self-determination Theory. According to the Self-determination Theory, early involvement in clinical practice combined with a high level of responsibility makes the LC-SRC an environment that can stimulate intrinsic motivation...
January 25, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018535/mind-the-gap-the-prospects-of-missing-data
#16
Meghan McConnell, Jonathan Sherbino, Teresa M Chan
BACKGROUND : The increasing use of workplace-based assessments (WBAs) in competency-based medical education has led to large data sets that assess resident performance longitudinally. With large data sets, problems that arise from missing data are increasingly likely. OBJECTIVE : The purpose of this study is to examine (1) whether data are missing at random across various WBAs, and (2) the relationship between resident performance and the proportion of missing data...
December 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965351/extended-family-medicine-training-measuring-training-flows-at-a-time-of-substantial-pedagogic-change
#17
Steve Slade, Shelley Ross, Kathrine Lawrence, Douglas Archibald, Maria Palacios Mackay, Ivy F Oandasan
OBJECTIVE: To examine trends in family medicine training at a time when substantial pedagogic change is under way, focusing on factors that relate to extended family medicine training. DESIGN: Aggregate-level secondary data analysis based on the Canadian Post-MD Education Registry. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: All Canadian citizens and permanent residents who were registered in postgraduate family medicine training programs within Canadian faculties of medicine from 1995 to 2013...
December 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878472/canmeds-is-a-theory
#18
EDITORIAL
Rachel Ellaway
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862175/epistemology-culture-justice-and-power-non-bioscientific-knowledge-for-medical-training
#19
Ayelet Kuper, Paula Veinot, Jennifer Leavitt, Sarah Levitt, Amanda Li, Jeannette Goguen, Martin Schreiber, Lisa Richardson, Cynthia R Whitehead
CONTEXT: While medical curricula were traditionally almost entirely comprised of bioscientific knowledge, widely accepted competency frameworks now make clear that physicians must be competent in far more than biomedical knowledge and technical skills. For example, of the influential CanMEDS roles, six are conceptually based in the social sciences and humanities (SSH). Educators frequently express uncertainty about what to teach in this area. This study concretely identifies the knowledge beyond bioscience needed to support the training of physicians competent in the six non-Medical Expert CanMEDS roles...
February 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844198/anesthesiology-resident-wellness-program-at-the-university-of-saskatchewan-curriculum-content-and-delivery
#20
Anita Chakravarti, Mateen Raazi, Jennifer O'Brien, Breanna Balaton
Resident and physician health are increasingly recognized by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada and its CanMEDS framework as integral to residency training in Canada. Resident stress, burnout, and depression also have implications for patient care. Although curricula have been advocated to promote resident wellness and resilience, no such published curricula exist to guide programs in addressing these needs. The purpose of this article is to describe the curriculum content and delivery of the Anesthesiology Residency Wellness Program (ARWP) at the University of Saskatchewan...
February 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
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