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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413889/shedding-light-into-the-black-box-a-prospective-longitudinal-study-identifying-the-canmeds-roles-of-final-year-medical-students-on-ward-activities
#1
Till Johannes Bugaj, Carolin Schmid, Ansgar Koechel, Jan Stiepak, Jan B Groener, Wolfgang Herzog, Christoph Nikendei
INTRODUCTION: To our best knowledge, a rigorous prospective analysis of final year medical students' (FY medical students) activity profiles during workplace learning is lacking. The present study investigated the CanMEDS characteristics of all on-ward activities performed by internal medicine FY medical students. We tested the hypotheses that during FY medical student workplace training (I) routine activities are predominantly performed, while supervised, more complex activities are underrepresented with (II) FY medical students performing an insufficient number of autonomous activities and that (III) the CanMEDS roles of the Communicator and the Professional prevail...
April 15, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370354/how-evidence-from-observing-attending-physicians-links-to-a-competency-based-framework
#2
Maria Bacchus, David R Ward, Jill de Grood, Jane B Lemaire
CONTEXT: Competency-based medical education frameworks are often founded on a combination of existing research, educational principles and expert consensus. Our objective was to examine how components of the attending physician role, as determined by observing preceptors during their real-world work, link to the CanMEDS Physician Competency Framework. METHODS: This is a sub-study of a broader study exploring the role of the attending physician by observing these doctors during their working day...
March 30, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272839/combined-analysis-of-nmr-and-ms-spectra-canms
#3
Mei Chong, Anusha Jayaraman, Silvia Marin, Vitaly Selivanov, Pedro R de Atauri Carulla, Daniel A Tennant, Marta Cascante, Ulrich L Günther, Christian Ludwig
Cellular metabolism in mammalian cells represents a challenge for analytical chemistry in the context of current biomedical research. Mass spectrometry and NMR spectroscopy together with computational tools have been used to study metabolism in cells. Compartmentalization of metabolism complicates the interpretation of stable isotope patterns in mammalian cells owing to the superimposition of different pathways contributing to the same pool of analytes. This indicates a need for a model-free approach to interpret such data...
April 3, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241756/medical-students-experiences-of-their-own-professional-development-during-three-clinical-terms-a-prospective-follow-up-study
#4
Susanne Kalén, Hanna Lachmann, Maria Varttinen, Riitta Möller, Tomas S Bexelius, Sari Ponzer
BACKGROUND: A modern competency-based medical education is well implemented globally, but less is known about how the included learning activities contribute to medical students' professional development. The aim of this study was to explore Swedish medical students' perceptions of the offered learning activities and their experiences of how these activities were connected to their professional development as defined by the CanMEDS framework. METHODS: A prospective mixed method questionnaire study during three terms (internal medicine, scientific project, and surgery) in which data were collected by using contextual activity sampling system, i...
February 27, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178910/medtalks-developing-teaching-abilities-and-experience-in-undergraduate-medical-students
#5
Suhair Bandeali, Albert Chiang, Christopher J Ramnanan
OBJECTIVES: According to the CanMEDS' Scholar competency, physicians are expected to facilitate the learning of colleagues, patients and other health professionals. However, most medical students are not provided with formal opportunities to gain teaching experience with objective feedback. METHODS: To address this, the University's Medical Education Interest Group (MEIG) created a pilot teaching program in January 2015 entitled 'MedTalks'. Four 3-hour sessions were held at the University Faculty of Medicine, where first and second year medical students taught clinically oriented topics to undergraduate university students...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122557/motivation-and-competence-of-participants-in-a-learner-centered-student-run-clinic-an-exploratory-pilot-study
#6
Tim Schutte, Jelle Tichelaar, Ramon S Dekker, Abel Thijs, Theo P G M de Vries, Rashmi A Kusurkar, Milan C Richir, Michiel A van Agtmael
BACKGROUND: The Learner-Centered Student-run Clinic (LC-SRC) was designed to teach and train prescribing skills grounded in a real-life context, to provide students with early clinical experience and responsibility. The current studies' theoretical framework was based on the Self-determination Theory. According to the Self-determination Theory, early involvement in clinical practice combined with a high level of responsibility makes the LC-SRC an environment that can stimulate intrinsic motivation...
January 25, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018535/mind-the-gap-the-prospects-of-missing-data
#7
Meghan McConnell, Jonathan Sherbino, Teresa M Chan
BACKGROUND : The increasing use of workplace-based assessments (WBAs) in competency-based medical education has led to large data sets that assess resident performance longitudinally. With large data sets, problems that arise from missing data are increasingly likely. OBJECTIVE : The purpose of this study is to examine (1) whether data are missing at random across various WBAs, and (2) the relationship between resident performance and the proportion of missing data...
December 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965351/extended-family-medicine-training-measuring-training-flows-at-a-time-of-substantial-pedagogic-change
#8
Steve Slade, Shelley Ross, Kathrine Lawrence, Douglas Archibald, Maria Palacios Mackay, Ivy F Oandasan
OBJECTIVE: To examine trends in family medicine training at a time when substantial pedagogic change is under way, focusing on factors that relate to extended family medicine training. DESIGN: Aggregate-level secondary data analysis based on the Canadian Post-MD Education Registry. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: All Canadian citizens and permanent residents who were registered in postgraduate family medicine training programs within Canadian faculties of medicine from 1995 to 2013...
December 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878472/canmeds-is-a-theory
#9
EDITORIAL
Rachel Ellaway
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862175/epistemology-culture-justice-and-power-non-bioscientific-knowledge-for-medical-training
#10
Ayelet Kuper, Paula Veinot, Jennifer Leavitt, Sarah Levitt, Amanda Li, Jeannette Goguen, Martin Schreiber, Lisa Richardson, Cynthia R Whitehead
CONTEXT: While medical curricula were traditionally almost entirely comprised of bioscientific knowledge, widely accepted competency frameworks now make clear that physicians must be competent in far more than biomedical knowledge and technical skills. For example, of the influential CanMEDS roles, six are conceptually based in the social sciences and humanities (SSH). Educators frequently express uncertainty about what to teach in this area. This study concretely identifies the knowledge beyond bioscience needed to support the training of physicians competent in the six non-Medical Expert CanMEDS roles...
February 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844198/anesthesiology-resident-wellness-program-at-the-university-of-saskatchewan-curriculum-content-and-delivery
#11
Anita Chakravarti, Mateen Raazi, Jennifer O'Brien, Breanna Balaton
Resident and physician health are increasingly recognized by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada and its CanMEDS framework as integral to residency training in Canada. Resident stress, burnout, and depression also have implications for patient care. Although curricula have been advocated to promote resident wellness and resilience, no such published curricula exist to guide programs in addressing these needs. The purpose of this article is to describe the curriculum content and delivery of the Anesthesiology Residency Wellness Program (ARWP) at the University of Saskatchewan...
February 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756294/measuring-interprofessional-competencies-and-attitudes-among-health-professional-students-creating-family-planning-virtual-patient-cases
#12
Eric Wong, Jasmine J Leslie, Judith A Soon, Wendy V Norman
BACKGROUND: The Virtual Interprofessional Patients-Computer-Assisted Reproductive Health Education for Students (VIP-CARES) Project took place during the summers of 2010-2012 for eight weeks each year at the University of British Columbia (UBC). Undergraduate health care students worked collaboratively to develop virtual patient case-based learning modules on the topic of family planning. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes in perception towards interprofessional collaboration (IPC) among the participants, before and after the project...
October 19, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646528/preparing-anesthesiology-faculty-for-competency-based-medical-education
#13
Amy B Fraser, Emma J Stodel, Robert Jee, Daniel A Dubois, Alan J Chaput
PURPOSE: Competency-based medical education (CBME) is quickly becoming the dominant organizing principle for medical residency programs. As CBME requires changes in the way medical education is delivered, faculty will need to acquire new skills in teaching and assessment in order to navigate the transition. In this paper, we examine the evidence supporting best practices in faculty development, propose strategies for faculty development for CBME-based residency programs, and discuss the results of faculty development initiatives at the pioneering anesthesia CBME residency program at the University of Ottawa...
December 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637267/an-objective-structured-clinical-exam-to-measure-intrinsic-canmeds-roles
#14
Aliya Kassam, Michèle Cowan, Tyrone Donnon
BACKGROUND: The CanMEDS roles provide a comprehensive framework to organize competency-based curricula; however, there is a challenge in finding feasible, valid, and reliable assessment methods to measure intrinsic roles such as Communicator and Collaborator. The objective structured clinical exam (OSCE) is more commonly used in postgraduate medical education for the assessment of clinical skills beyond medical expertise. METHOD: We developed the CanMEDS In-Training Exam (CITE), a six-station OSCE designed to assess two different CanMEDS roles (one primary and one secondary) and general communication skills at each station...
2016: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555983/can-we-canmeds-intangible-learning-through-tangible-simulation-case-development
#15
Sabrina Alani, Holly Black, Chris Harty, Justin Murphy, Desmond Whalen, Kerry-Lynn Williams
The Royal College CanMEDS framework has become a guide for medical school curricula. This framework aims to improve patient care by identifying and explaining seven key roles that physicians must fulfill in order to deliver high-quality healthcare to their patients. While medical schools incorporate these roles in their teaching processes, students can also apply them outside the classroom. Here, we describe a unique model developed at Memorial University of Newfoundland's Tuckamore Simulation Research Collaborative (TSRC), where students develop simulation cases with the guidance of expert mentors and apply the Royal College CanMEDS framework to writing clinical simulations...
2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524926/exploring-residents-spontaneous-collaborative-skills-in-a-simulated-setting-context-an-exploratory-study-on-canmeds-collaborator-role
#16
Kathleen Ouellet, Robert Sabbagh, Linda Bergeron, Sandeep Kumar Mayer, Christina St-Onge
BACKGROUND: Collaboration is an important competence to be acquired by residents. Although improving residents' collaboration via interprofessional education has been investigated in many studies, little is known about the residents' spontaneous collaborative behavior. The purpose of this exploratory study was to describe how residents spontaneously collaborate. METHODS: Seven first-year residents (postgraduate year 1; three from family medicine and one each from ear, nose, and throat, obstetrics/gynecology, general surgery, and orthopedic surgery) participated in two collaborative meetings with actors performing the part of other health professionals (ie, occupational therapist, physiotherapist, nurse, or social worker)...
2016: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478742/expression-of-a-mitochondrial-gene-orfh79-from-cms-honglian-rice-inhibits-escherichia-coli-growth-via-deficient-oxygen-consumption
#17
Xia Ding, Qiusheng Chen, Canming Bao, Aihua Ai, Ying Zhou, Shaobo Li, Hongwei Xie, Youlin Zhu, Yaohui Cai, Xiaojue Peng
Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) has often been associated with abnormal mitochondrial open frames (ORF), orfH79 is a mitochondrial chimeric gene responsible for the CMS trait in Honglian (HL) rice. In this study, the weakly produced ORFH79 protein significantly inhibited the growth of E. coli in an oxygen culture, however, the growth of the transformants producing ORFH79 was indistinguishable from the control under anaerobic incubation conditions. In addition, a lower respiration rate, wrinkled bacterial surfaces, and decreased pyruvate kinase and α-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase activities were observed in the ORFH79 produced E...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446767/merging-problem-based-learning-with-simulation-based-learning-in-the-medical-undergraduate-curriculum-the-paired-framework-for-enhancing-lifelong-learning
#18
Jansen Koh, Adam Dubrowski
Lifelong learning is an essential trait that is expected of every physician. The CanMeds 2005 Physician Competency Framework emphasizes lifelong learning as a key competency that physicians must achieve in becoming better physicians. However, many physicians are not competent at engaging in lifelong learning. The current medical education system is deficient in preparing medical students to develop and carry out their own lifelong learning curriculum upon graduation. Despite understanding how physicians learn at work, medical students are not trained to learn while working...
2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27438391/-canmeds-2015-better-doctors
#19
J C C Borleffs, M J E Mourits, F Scheele
Recently, the CanMEDS model, which forms the basis for competency-based learning in both undergraduate and postgraduate training, has been renewed by the introduction of CanMEDS 2015. The most prominent change is the emphasis on leadership skills, which is also reflected by the name change for the role of 'manager' to 'leader'. The addition of milestones provides clearly defined targets for learning and assessment, which facilitates the monitoring of the progression in competence. Furthermore, CanMEDS 2015 strongly focusses on the overall coherence of the separate competencies...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27438157/a-qualitative-study-of-the-experiences-and-factors-that-led-physicians-to-be-lifelong-health-advocates
#20
Marcus Law, Pearl Leung, Paula Veinot, Daniel Miller, Maria Mylopoulos
PURPOSE: Given the public's trust and the opportunities to observe and address social determinants of health, physicians are well suited to be health advocates, a key role in the CanMEDS physician competency framework. As some physicians find it difficult to fulfill this role, the authors explored the experiences and influences that led established physicians to be health advocates. METHOD: The authors used a phenomenological approach to explore this topic. From March to August 2014, they interviewed 15 established physician health advocates, using a broad definition of health advocacy-that it extends beyond individual patient advocacy to address the root causes of systemic differences in health...
October 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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