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Pediatric ophthalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784155/parental-knowledge-of-pediatric-eye-health-in-an-ophthalmology-clinic-setting-validation-and-delivery-of-the-eyee-questionnaire
#1
Natalia Fong, Bethany Easterbrook, Forough Farrokhyar, Kourosh Sabri
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to develop and assess the reliability of a questionnaire assessing parental knowledge on core topics in pediatric eye health. METHODS: In Phase I, the Evaluate Your Eye Education Questionnaire (EYEE-Q) was developed and distributed to ascertain face validity (n = 20). In Phase II, participants completed EYEE-Q twice to determine test-retest reliability (n = 40). In Phase III, EYEE-Q was administered to parents in a tertiary level pediatric ophthalmology clinic to assess knowledge (n = 193)...
June 2018: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779933/-hereditary-optic-neuropathies-in-pediatric-ophthalmology
#2
C Orssaud, M P Robert, D Bremond Gignac
INTRODUCTION: Hereditary optic neuropathies (HON) often begin in adulthood. However, some of them can have an early onset. These may have specific clinical features and natural histories. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of HON patients with onset before the age of 14 years seen in a referral center. In addition to the age of onset, we evaluated the genetic etiology, visual acuity at 15 years, last best corrected visual acuity, optic disc appearance, visual field and extra-ophthalmological manifestations...
May 17, 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778284/-clinical-and-epidemiological-profile-of-pediatric-uveitis-course-of-inflammatory-uveitis-treated-with-anti-tnf-alpha
#3
D Osswald, A C Rameau, C Speeg-Schatz, J Terzic, A Sauer
INTRODUCTION: Uveitis is the leading cause of acquired childhood blindness with a prevalence of 30 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. There are multiple causes ; nevertheless, there is no standardized etiological assessment. The goal of our study is to define an epidemiological and clinical profile of uveitis diagnosed in a university hospital and their course when treated with anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All cases of uveitis under 18 years old, from 1994 to 2016, were included...
May 16, 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756712/traumatic-cataract-surgery-in-pediatric-patients-experience-in-a-site
#4
Verónica Y Burgos-Elías, Ma José Marroquín-Sarti, Martin A Zimmermann-Paiz, Ana Marissa Ordoñez Rivas, Nancy C Quezada-Del Cid
of this study was to determine the characteristics of patients younger than 14 years who underwent traumatic cataract surgery at the Unit of Pediatric Ophthalmology, Strabismus and Neuro-Ophthalmology "Dra. Ana María Illescas Putzeys" of Hospital de Ojos y Oídos "Dr. Rodolfo Robles V." A retrospective, descriptive, and observational study was carried out to review the medical records of patients who underwent cataract surgery between 2010 and 2015. A total of 54 children underwent traumatic cataract surgery; 75% were boys; 68% were in the 6-11-year-old age range...
June 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730055/funduscopic-examination-and-sd-oct-in-detecting-sickle-cell-retinopathy-among-pediatric-patients
#5
Jing Jin, Robin Miller, Jonathan Salvin, Sharon Lehman, Dorothy Hendricks, Amanda Friess, Lauren Libfraind
PURPOSE: To compare the results of fundus examination and spectral domain optic coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in detecting retinal changes in pediatric patients with sickle cell disease at a single center. METHODS: In this prospective study, conducted over a period of 19 months, consecutive African American patients with sickle cell disease underwent complete ophthalmologic examination, and SD-OCT images of the maculas of both eyes were obtained. RESULTS: A total of 69 (37 males) patients aged 5-20 years (mean 12...
May 3, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700918/high-rates-of-ocular-complications-in-a-cohort-of-haitian-children-and-adolescents-with-diabetes
#6
Marie-Ève Robinson, Ketly Altenor, Christopher Carpenter, Ric Bonnell, Eddy Jean-Baptiste, Julia von Oettingen
BACKGROUND: Ophthalmic complications of pediatric diabetes are rare, and rates are unknown in Haitian youth. OBJECTIVES: Determine the prevalence and predictors of diabetic retinopathy (DR) and cataracts in a cohort of Haitian youth with insulin-treated diabetes. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional retrospective review of pediatric patients with diabetes from a pediatric chronic disease center in Haiti, from Dec 1, 2012 to Nov 1, 2016...
April 26, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699389/a-synopsis-on-current-practice-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-patients-with-turner-syndrome-in-turkey-a-survey-of-18-pediatric-endocrinology-centers
#7
Ahmet Uçar, Ayhan Abacı, Özgür Pirgon, Bumin Dündar, Filiz Tütüncüler, Gönül Çatlı, Ahmet Anık, Aylin Kılınç Uğurlu, Atilla Büyükgebiz
Objective: A comprehensive survey was conducted courtesy of the Turkish Turner study group to evaluate the shortcomings of clinical care in patients with Turner syndrome (TS) in Turkey. Methods: A structured questionnaire prepared by the Turner study group in Turkey, which covers relevant aspects of the care of patients with TS, was sent to all pediatric endocrinology centers. Results: Eighteen centers (41%) returned the questionnaire. In the majority of the centers, diagnostic genetic testing, screening for Y chromosomal material, protocols regarding the timing and posology of growth hormone (GH) and estrogen, thrombophilia screening, fertility information, and screening for glucose intolerance, thyroid, and coeliac diseases in patients with TS were in line with the current consensus...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676306/spectacle-prescription-in-children-understanding-practical-approach-of-indian-ophthalmologists
#8
Sumit Monga, Paaraj Dave
Purpose: The aim of this study is to survey the management approach, regarding spectacle prescription in children, among Indian ophthalmologists. Methods: A web-based, anonymous questionnaire (multiple choice questions dealing with practical aspects of pediatric refraction), was sent to available database of Indian ophthalmologists. The survey responses (depicted in %) were compared using the amount of pediatric clientele in one's practice (Group A: <25%, Group B: 25% or more)...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675347/anisometropia-and-refractive-status-in-children-with-unilateral-congenital-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction
#9
Adnan Aslam Saleem, Sorath Noorani Siddiqui, Umair Wakeel, Muhammad Asif
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the refractive status and thereby assess anisometropia in children with unilateral congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO). STUDY DESIGN: This study design was a descriptive cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION: this study was conducted at the Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismology, Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital, Rawalpindi; from August 2013 to July 2014. METHODOLOGY: This study assessed consecutive children with unilateral CNLDO...
January 2018: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675082/susac-s-syndrome-retinocochleocerebral-vasculopathy-follow-up-of-a-pediatric-patient
#10
Zeynep Selen Karalok, Birce Dilge Taskin, Alev Guven, Cemile Atilgan Ucgul, Omer Faruk Aydin
Susac's syndrome (SS) is a triad of encephalopathy, branch retinal artery occlusion (BRAO), and sensorineural hearing loss as a result of microvascular occlusions of the brain, retina, and inner ear. It is also a disorder of autoimmune endotheliopathy. SS usually affects young women between the age of 20 and 40 years. SS can be misdiagnosed as multiple sclerosis (MS) or acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) because of similar findings. A 15-year-old girl presented in June 2015 with vomiting and severe headache...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672931/x-linked-ichthyosis-clinical-and-molecular-findings-in-35-italian-patients
#11
Andrea Diociaiuti, Adriano Angioni, Elisa Pisaneschi, Viola Alesi, Giovanna Zambruno, Antonio Novelli, May El Hachem
Recessive X-linked ichthyosis (XLI), the second most common ichthyosis, is caused by mutations in the STS gene encoding the steroid sulfatase enzyme. A complete deletion of the STS gene is found in 85-90% of cases. Rarely, larger deletions involving contiguous genes are detected in syndromic patients. We report the clinical and molecular genetic findings in a series of 35 consecutive Italian male patients. All patients underwent molecular testing by MLPA or aCGH, followed, in case of negative results, by next generation sequencing analysis...
April 19, 2018: Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651547/-prevalence-of-wearing-glasses-for-children-and-adolescents-in-germany-and-their-ophthalmological-care-results-of-the-nationwide-kiggs-baseline-survey-2003-2006
#12
Alexander K Schuster, Heike M Elflein, Alexander Rommel, Laura Krause, Norbert Pfeiffer, Michael S Urschitz
BACKGROUND: Vision-relevant refractive errors in children require regular ophthalmological control examinations. In this study we estimated the prevalence of wearing glasses for children and adolescents in Germany and the frequency of ophthalmological care. METHODS: We analyzed data of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS, baseline survey 2003-2006, N = 17,640). Wearing glasses was documented from the age of 3 years in the examination part...
April 12, 2018: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625475/diagnostic-performance-and-repeatability-of-a-novel-game-based-visual-field-test-for-children
#13
Tariq Mehmood Aslam, Zaria Christine Ali, Yanfang Wang, Cecilia Fenerty, Susmito Biswas, Emmanouil Tsamis, David Barry Henson
Purpose: To demonstrate utility of a game-based test ("Caspar's Castle") for the detection of visual field defects in children. Methods: A validity and reliability study was carried out at Manchester Royal Eye Hospital Pediatric Ophthalmology Outpatients Department. We recruited 108 children with no eye pathology (aged 4-12 years) and examined a single eye with the Caspar's Castle system using either normal thresholds or thresholds artificially adapted to recreate defects to assess diagnostic utility...
March 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592918/consensus-based-recommendations-for-the-management-of-uveitis-associated-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-the-share-initiative
#14
Tamas Constantin, Ivan Foeldvari, Jordi Anton, Joke de Boer, Severine Czitrom-Guillaume, Clive Edelsten, Raz Gepstein, Arnd Heiligenhaus, Clarissa A Pilkington, Gabriele Simonini, Yosef Uziel, Sebastian J Vastert, Nico M Wulffraat, Anne-Mieke Haasnoot, Karoline Walscheid, Annamária Pálinkás, Reshma Pattani, Zoltán Györgyi, Richárd Kozma, Victor Boom, Andrea Ponyi, Angelo Ravelli, Athimalaipet V Ramanan
BACKGROUND: In 2012, a European initiative called S ingle Hub and Access point for pediatric Rheumatology in Europe (SHARE) was launched to optimise and disseminate diagnostic and management regimens in Europe for children and young adults with rheumatic diseases. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most common rheumatic disease in children and uveitis is possibly its most devastating extra-articular manifestation. Evidence-based guidelines are sparse and management is mostly based on physicians' experience...
March 28, 2018: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587722/personality-traits-and-career-choices-among-physicians-in-finland-employment-sector-clinical-patient-contact-specialty-and-change-of-specialty
#15
Sari Mullola, Christian Hakulinen, Justin Presseau, David Gimeno Ruiz de Porras, Markus Jokela, Taina Hintsa, Marko Elovainio
BACKGROUND: Personality influences an individual's adaptation to a specific job or organization. Little is known about personality trait differences between medical career and specialty choices after graduating from medical school when actually practicing different medical specialties. Moreover, whether personality traits contribute to important career choices such as choosing to work in the private or public sector or with clinical patient contact, as well as change of specialty, have remained largely unexplored...
March 27, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576894/characteristics-of-anisometropic-patients-with-and-without-strabismus
#16
Reşat Duman, Huban Atilla, Emine Çatak
Objectives: To evaluate the risk factors for strabismus in patients with anisometropia by comparing degree of anisometropia, depth of amblyopia, and binocular visual function in anisometropic patients with and without strabismus. Materials and Methods: Sixty-five anisometropic patients older than 5 years with amblyopia in one eye who were followed in the Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Ophthalmology, Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus Unit between May 2009 and April 2010 were included in this study...
February 2018: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555515/home-use-of-binocular-dichoptic-video-content-device-for-treatment-of-amblyopia-a-pilot-study
#17
Daphna Mezad-Koursh, Amir Rosenblatt, Hadas Newman, Chaim Stolovitch
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of the BinoVision home system as measured by improvement of visual acuity in the patient's amblyopic eye. METHODS: An open-label prospective pilot-trial of the system was conducted with amblyopic children aged 4-8 years at the pediatric ophthalmology unit, Tel-Aviv Medical Center, January 2014 to October 2015. Participants were assigned to the study or sham group for treatment with BinoVision for 8 or 12 weeks. Patients were instructed to watch animated television shows and videos at home using the BinoVision device for 60 minutes, 6 days a week...
April 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554028/drug-to-prevent-pediatric-myopia-what-would-it-take
#18
Gary D Novack
Because of the epidemic of myopia with both its short-term and long-term effects, we desperately need ways to slow myopic progression. In this study which was part of a myopia prevention symposium, the author answers the following question: Assuming that researchers did come up with a pharmacological treatment to slow myopic progression-what would it take to obtain regulatory approval from the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA)? Previous publicly available information (a 2003 FDA advisory committee on this topic, International Conference on Harmonisation guidances on drug development, and published articles) as well as the author's experience is used...
March 16, 2018: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554001/visual-outcomes-and-clinical-manifestations-of-pediatric-optic-neuritis-in-indian-population-an-institutional-study
#19
Selvakumar Ambika, Krishnakumar Padmalakshmi, Viswanathan Venkatraman, Olma V Noronha
BACKGROUND: Optic neuritis in children is an uncommon disorder which usually occurs after a viral illness or vaccination and, less frequently, occurs as a manifestation of a demyelinating disorder. Pediatric optic neuritis usually is bilateral and presents with optic disc edema, recovers rapidly with steroid therapy, and generally has low conversion rate to multiple sclerosis or neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder. We report the clinical features and treatment outcomes of pediatric optic neuritis in Indian population, for which little data are available...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522070/presentation-of-trpm1-associated-congenital-stationary-night-blindness-in-children
#20
Virginia Miraldi Utz, Wanda Pfeifer, Susannah Q Longmuir, Richard John Olson, Kai Wang, Arlene V Drack
Importance: Congenital stationary night blindness (CSNB) implies a stable condition, with the major symptom being nyctalopia present at birth. Pediatric clinical presentation and the course of different genetic subtypes of CSNB have not, to our knowledge, been well described in the era of molecular genetic diagnosis. Objective: To describe the presentation and longitudinal clinical characteristics of pediatric patients with molecularly confirmed TRPM1-associated complete CSNB (cCSNB)...
April 1, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
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