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Pediatric ophthalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931199/maxillary-sinus-mucoceles-and-other-side-effects-of-external-beam-radiation-in-the-pediatric-patient-a-cautionary-tale
#1
Anthony Sheyn, Tate Naylor, Felicity Lenes-Voit, Eric Berg
A sinonasal mucocele can develop after the obstruction of a sinus ostium, which can occur secondary to trauma, infection, a neoplasm, or an iatrogenic cause. These mucoceles typically arise in the frontal and ethmoid sinuses. Sinonasal mucoceles are epithelium-lined cysts that can gradually expand to fill a paranasal sinus. They can present with ophthalmologic, rhinologic, and neurologic symptoms. There are reports in the literature of sinonasal mucocele development after radiation for nasopharyngeal carcinoma...
September 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925741/endophthalmitis-following-strabismus-surgery-iposc-global-study
#2
Ofira Zloto, Eedy Mezer, Luis Ospina, Branislav Stankovic, Tamara Wygnanski-Jaffe
PURPOSE: To examine the characteristics of patients with endophthalmitis after strabismus surgery (PSSE), the characteristics of the strabismus surgery, treatment, and prognosis as reported by pediatric ophthalmologists who are members of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (AAOPS) around the world. METHODS: An email communication was sent to all members of AAPOS. The email included a web link to a survey that included 34 questions that examined the characteristics of patients with endophthalmitis after strabismus surgery...
September 19, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918222/vision-assessments-and-interventions-for-infants-0-2-years-at-high-risk-for-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Olena D Chorna, Andrea Guzzetta, Nathalie L Maitre
We performed a systematic review and evaluated the level of evidence of vision interventions and assessments for infants at high risk for or with a diagnosis of cerebral palsy from 0 to 2 years of age. Articles were evaluated based on the level of methodologic quality, evidence, and clinical utilization. Thirty publications of vision assessments and five of vision interventions met criteria for inclusion. Assessments included standard care neuroimaging, electrophysiology, and neuro-ophthalmologic examination techniques that are utilized clinically with any preverbal or nonverbal pediatric patient...
July 20, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912516/choroidal-thickness-measurements-in-children-with-isolated-growth-hormone-deficiency
#4
N G Yalcin, Z Aktas, O Yuce, G D G Ikiz, M Hasanreisoglu, A Bideci
PurposeThe aim of this study was to determine the choroidal thickness measurement values in cases with isolated growth hormone deficiency (IGHD), to compare them with the healthy control group by using enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT), and to evaluate the effect of growth hormone (GH) treatment on choroid.Patients and methodsIn this study, 23 cases who were diagnosed with IGHD as a study group and 46 healthy subjects as a control group were included. All patients and controls underwent a complete ophthalmologic examination, including an examination with EDI-OCT...
September 15, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910439/spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomographic-angiography-in-children-with-amblyopia
#5
Marcela Lonngi, Federico G Velez, Irena Tsui, Juan Pablo Davila, Mansour Rahimi, Clarissa Chan, David Sarraf, Joseph L Demer, Stacy L Pineles
Importance: Amblyopia is the most common cause of visual impairment in childhood, with a prevalence of 1% to 4% in children in the United States. To date, no studies using noninvasive optical coherence tomographic angiography (OCTA) have measured blood flow in the retinal capillary layers in children with amblyopia. Objective: To evaluate the retinal and microvascular features using OCTA in children (<18 years) with amblyopia. Design, Setting, and Participants: This observational case-control study enrolled patients from September 1, 2016, through May 31, 2017, and was conducted from September 1, 2016, through June 30, 2017, at the Stein Eye Institute at UCLA (University of California, Los Angeles)...
September 14, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880724/prevalence-of-recent-antimicrobial-exposure-among-elective-surgical-patients
#6
Christopher A Guidry, Robert G Sawyer
BACKGROUND: The annual prevalence of antimicrobial exposure is high in the outpatient setting and should be a common exposure for surgical patients. Antimicrobials have negative side effects and may be associated with poor outcomes. Logically, one would expect surgical patients to be particularly susceptible to any negative effects of recent antimicrobial exposure. Despite these observations, however, the prevalence of recent antimicrobial exposure among surgical patients remains undefined...
September 7, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867398/visual-and-ocular-motor-outcomes-in-children-with-posterior-fossa-tumors
#7
Crandall E Peeler, Jane C Edmond, Jeffrey Hollander, Jamie K Alexander, David Zurakowski, Nicole J Ullrich, Peter E Manley, Gena Heidary
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical characteristics and visual and ocular motor outcomes of a large cohort of pediatric patients treated for tumors of the posterior cranial fossa. METHODS: The medical records of all patients with posterior fossa tumors evaluated by the ophthalmology services at two large tertiary care academic hospitals between 2005 and 2011 were reviewed retrospectively. Data abstracted for each study patient included demographic information, presenting signs and symptoms, pathologic diagnosis, and results of the most recent ophthalmology examination...
August 31, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852905/the-evaluation-of-the-risk-factors-for-capsular-complications-in-phacoemulsification
#8
Şule Berk Ergun, Sücattin İlker Kocamış, Hasan Basri Çakmak, Nurullah Çağıl
PURPOSE: To determine and quantify the risk factors for disruption of lens capsule integrity during phacoemulsification. METHODS: The medical records of the patients who had undergone phacoemulsification cataract surgery and had a complication associated with lens capsule were reviewed. Consecutive cases were also reviewed in reverse chronological order as a control group. The exclusion criteria were pediatric cataracts, traumatic cataracts and lens dislocation...
August 29, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28850642/video-game-vision-syndrome-a-new-clinical-picture-in-children
#9
Caterina Rechichi, Gilda De Mojà, Pasquale Aragona
PURPOSE: To examine a possible relationship between exposure to video games/electronic screens and visual issues in children between 3 and 10 years of age. METHODS: An observational, cross-sectional study of a population of children using video games was employed. All patients between 3 and 10 years of age were recruited at an outpatient unit accredited by the Italian Regional Health Service. Three hundred twenty children (159 boys and 161 girls; mean age = 6.9 ± 2 years) were observed...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28850640/impact-of-a-strabismus-surgery-suture-course-for-first-and-second-year-ophthalmology-residents
#10
Aldo Vagge, Kammi Gunton, Bruce Schnall
PURPOSE: To investigate the effectiveness of an eye muscle surgery course on first- and second-year postgraduate ophthalmology residents. METHODS: This prospective cohort pilot study invited first- and second-year ophthalmology residents to participate in a 2-hour strabismus surgery course at Wills Eye Hospital. The course consisted of a didactic session followed by a wet laboratory session. The wet laboratory session simulated strabismus surgery using a model constructed of chicken breast followed by partial-thickness scleral suture passes in pig eyes...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845326/results-of-screening-in-schools-for-visually-impaired-children
#11
Pınar Bingöl Kızıltunç, Aysun İdil, Hüban Atilla, Ayşen Topalkara, Cem Alay
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify the causes of visual impairment in children attending schools for students with visual impairment and to identify children suitable for treatment and rehabilitation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All students were examined in our department by a pediatric ophthalmologist and an ophthalmologist experienced in low vision and visual rehabilitation. The children's medical histories were recorded. All children underwent ophthalmological examination including visual acuity measurement, anterior segment and dilated fundus evaluation, retinoscopy with cycloplegia, and intraocular pressure measurement...
August 2017: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837741/torpedo-maculopathy-in-a-6-month-old-infant-early-clinical-and-optical-coherence-tomography-findings
#12
Caner Kara, İkbal Seza Petriçli
A 6-month-old male infant presented for routine ophthalmologic examination. Indirect ophthalmoscopy revealed a flat, oval, hypopigmented lesion located in the temporal macula in the right eye with the tip pointing toward the fovea, which was compatible with torpedo maculopathy. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was performed at the time of diagnosis. OCT scans of the lesion revealed slight retinal pigment epithelium hyperreflectivity. This case serves as the earliest OCT finding of the youngest patient diagnosed as having torpedo maculopathy in the literature...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837739/animal-model-for-retinopathy-of-prematurity-laser-surgery-training
#13
W Walker Motley, Dema M Atoum
Peripheral retinal laser ablation for high-risk retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) improves visual outcomes. Some pediatric ophthalmology fellows receive little exposure to this procedure. The authors identified and evaluated an animal teaching model that simulates peripheral retinal laser ablation in human infants with ROP. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2017;54:e47-e49.].
August 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816795/voriconazole-antifungal-prophylaxis-in-children-with-malignancies-a-nationwide-study
#14
Zoi Dorothea Pana, Maria Kourti, Katerina Vikelouda, Antonia Vlahou, Nikolaos Katzilakis, Maria Papageorgiou, Dimitrios Doganis, Loizos Petrikkos, Anna Paisiou, Dimitrios Koliouskas, Antonios Kattamis, Eftichia Stiakaki, Maria Chatzistilianou, Helen Vasilatou-Kosmidis, Sophia Polychronopoulou, Stelios Grafakos, Emmanuel Roilides
BACKGROUND: Antifungal prophylaxis (AFP) is recommended in at-risk hematology-oncology patients. We evaluated the safety of AFP with voriconazole (VRC) in pediatric hematology/oncology patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of VRC AFP in children with malignancies hospitalized in all 7 Greek pediatric hematology/oncology centers during 2008 to 2012 was conducted. Patients' demographics, outcome, and adverse event (AE) data were recorded. RESULTS: Four hundred twenty-nine VRC AFP courses in 249 patients (median age 6 y, 55% boys) were studied...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808765/presentation-and-symptom-interval-in-children-with-central-nervous-system-tumors-a-single-center-experience
#15
Chiara Stocco, Chiara Pilotto, Eva Passone, Agostino Nocerino, Raffaello Tosolini, Anna Pusiol, Paola Cogo
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to describe the symptoms and signs of central nervous system (CNS) tumors in a pediatric population and to assess the time interval between the onset of the disease and the time of the diagnosis. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was conducted at our Oncology Pediatric Unit between January 2000 and November 2011. We included 75 children between 5 months and 16 years (mean age of 7.8 ± 4.7 years), with male to female ratio of 3:2...
August 14, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807636/visual-outcomes-and-complications-of-type-i-boston-keratoprosthesis-in-children-a-retrospective-multicenter-study-and-literature-review
#16
Simon S M Fung, Samir Jabbour, Mona Harissi-Dagher, Reginald R G Tan, Patrick Hamel, Kashif Baig, Asim Ali
PURPOSE: To report outcomes and complications of Boston type 1 keratoprosthesis (KPro) implantation in children. DESIGN: Retrospective, multicenter case series. PARTICIPANTS: All children 16 years of age or younger who underwent KPro surgery at 3 ophthalmology centers in Canada between January 2010 and November 2014. METHODS: Records of patients having undergone KPro implantation were reviewed. Data on preoperative characteristics, surgical procedure(s) performed, and postoperative outcomes were collected and analyzed...
August 11, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806343/pediatric-neuro-ophthalmology-coming-of-age
#17
Grant T Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806189/the-use-of-optical-coherence-tomography-in-neuro-ophthalmology
#18
Noel C Y Chan, Carmen K M Chan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In the last decade, with the advances of optical coherence tomography (OCT) technology, different imaging protocols and analysis algorithms have been introduced to maximize the potential of this diagnostic tool in the evaluation of different eye diseases. This review aims to provide an update on these additional features, with respect to the management of a diverse range of neuro-ophthalmologic conditions. RECENT FINDINGS: Macular ganglion cell complex (mGCC) analysis has been shown to be superior to peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) analysis in certain settings, such as differentiating Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy from functional visual loss; monitoring neurodegenerative diseases or multiple sclerosis; and predicting visual loss in nonarteritic ischemic optic neuropathy...
August 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795915/where-teachers-are-few-documenting-available-faculty-in-five-tanzanian-medical-schools
#19
Charles A Mkony, Ephata E Kaaya, Alex J Goodell, Sarah B Macfarlane
Background Faced with one of the lowest physician-to-population ratios in the world, the Government of Tanzania is urging its medical schools to train more physicians. The annual number of medical students admitted across the country rose from 55 in the 1990s to 1,680 approved places for the 2015/16 academic year. These escalating numbers strain existing faculty. Objective To describe the availability of faculty in medical schools in Tanzania. Design We identified faculty lists published on the Internet by five Tanzanian medical schools for the 2011/12 academic year and analyzed the appointment status, rank, discipline, and qualifications of faculty members...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737601/new-ways-to-detect-pediatric-sickle-cell-retinopathy-a-comprehensive-review
#20
Daniel A Pahl, Nancy S Green, Monica Bhatia, Royce W S Chen
Sickle retinopathy reflects disease-related vascular injury of the eye, which can potentially result in visual loss from vitreous hemorrhage or retinal detachment. Here we review sickle retinopathy among children with sickle cell disease, describe the epidemiology, pediatric risk factors, pathophysiology, ocular findings, and treatment. Newer, more sensitive ophthalmological imaging modalities are available for retinal imaging, including ultra-widefield fluorescein angiography, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography, and optical coherence tomography angiography...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
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