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Pediatric ophthalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349523/prognostic-factors-of-pediatric-glaucoma-a-retrospective-study
#1
Marilita M Moschos, Eirini Nitoda, Isabelle Fenzel, Xuefei Song, Achim Langenbucher, Barbara Kaesmann, Berthold Seitz, Zisis Gatzioufas
PURPOSE: To correlate the features of certain types of infantile glaucoma with the progression and the prognosis of the disease, highlighting probable risk factors. METHODS: Seventy-six patients with pediatric glaucoma were recruited in this retrospective study. All patients underwent ophthalmological examination in the Department of Ophthalmology of the Saarland University Medical Center from January 2001 to December 2012. Our pediatric patients were classified into four different categories of glaucoma: (1) primary congenital glaucoma (presenting buphthalmus), (2) aniridia-related glaucoma, (3) Peters/Rieger's anomaly-related glaucoma and (4) congenital cataract-related glaucoma...
January 18, 2018: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347941/a-five-year-retrospective-study-of-the-epidemiological-characteristics-and-visual-outcomes-of-pediatric-ocular-trauma
#2
Edita Puodžiuvienė, Giedrė Jokūbauskienė, Monika Vieversytė, Kirwan Asselineau
BACKGROUND: Pediatric trauma can lead to serious visual impairment as a result of the trauma itself or secondary to amblyopia. Precise data on epidemiological characteristics and visual outcomes of pediatric ocular injuries are valuable for the prevention of monocular blindness. METHODS: A total of 268 cases of pediatric ocular trauma admitted to the Department of Ophthalmology of the Lithuanian University of Health Sciences Hospital from January 2008 to December 2013 were retrospectively reviewed...
January 18, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343557/dicer1-and-associated-conditions-%C3%A2-identification-of-at-risk-individuals-and-recommended-surveillance-strategies
#3
Kris Ann P Schultz, Gretchen M Williams, Junne Kamihara, Douglas R Stewart, Anne K Harris, Andrew J Bauer, Joyce Turner, Rachana Shah, Katherine Schneider, Kami Wolfe Schneider, Ann Garrity Carr, Laura A Harney, Shari Baldinger, A Lindsay Frazier, Daniel Orbach, Dominik T Schneider, David Malkin, Louis P Dehner, Yoav H Messinger, Ashley Hill
Pathogenic germline DICER1 variants cause a hereditary cancer predisposition syndrome with a variety of manifestations. In addition to conferring increased cancer risks for pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB) and ovarian sex cord-stromal tumors, particularly Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor, individuals with pathogenic germline DICER1 variants may also develop lung cysts, cystic nephroma, renal sarcoma and Wilms tumor, nodular hyperplasia of the thyroid, nasal chondromesenchymal hamartoma, ciliary body medulloepithelioma, genitourinary embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma and brain tumors including pineoblastoma and pituitary blastoma...
January 17, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338965/quality-of-life-and-clinical-characterization-of-patients-with-vernal-keratoconjunctivitis-in-a-pediatric-population-in-colombia
#4
C M Gómez-Henao, C I Herrera-Morales, R Ramírez-Giraldo, R Cardona-Villa
Vernal keratoconjunctivitis is one of the most serious ocular allergies that have the potential to induce large ocular morbidity and significant visual changes affecting the quality of life of these individuals. METHODOLOGY: This study was conducted in two phases. The first phase consisted of the clinical characterization of 32 patients from the Clinical Allergology center of the I.P.S. Universitaria from July 2014 to February 2015. A retrospective analysis of medical records was performed...
January 12, 2018: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325380/-could-binocular-treatment-be-a-substitute-for-patching
#5
X F Shi, K X Zhao
Amblyopia is a common eye disease with a high prevalence in clinical practice of pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus. The primary treatment strategy for amblyopia is precise correction of refractive errors and patching of the dominant eye. The application of patching has a history of more than 200 years, and now is still the most effective method for treatment of amblyopia. Similar to the principle of traditional patching, atropine penalization has been testified that it can be used as an initial treatment for amblyopia with similar therapeutic effects as patching...
December 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302787/pediatric-abusive-head-trauma-in-taiwan-clinical-characteristics-and-risk-factors-associated-with-mortality
#6
An-Lun Wu, Lai-Chu See, Shao-Hsuan Hsia, Hui-Tzu Tu, Nan-Kai Wang, Jing-Long Huang, Yih-Shiou Hwang, Chi-Chun Lai, Wei-Chi Wu
PURPOSE: To report the clinical characteristics of abusive head trauma (AHT) in Taiwan and identify the risk factors associated with mortality of these patients. METHODS: Children with clinically diagnosed AHT from January 1, 2000, to October 31, 2015 were reviewed. The demographic data, clinical features, and associated retinal and radiologic findings were analyzed. The multivariable logistic regression model analysis was performed to identify the risk factors associated with in-hospital mortality...
January 4, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285534/comparison-of-quality-and-output-of-different-optimal-perimetric-testing-approaches-in-children-with-glaucoma
#7
Dipesh E Patel, Phillippa M Cumberland, Bronwen C Walters, Isabelle Russell-Eggitt, John Brookes, Maria Papadopoulos, Peng Tee Khaw, Ananth C Viswanathan, David Garway-Heath, Mario Cortina-Borja, Jugnoo S Rahi
Importance: There is limited evidence to support the development of guidance for visual field testing in children with glaucoma. Objective: To compare different static and combined static/kinetic perimetry approaches in children with glaucoma. Design, Setting, and Participants: Cross-sectional, observational study recruiting children prospectively between May 2013 and June 2015 at 2 tertiary specialist pediatric ophthalmology centers in London, England (Moorfields Eye Hospital and Great Ormond Street Hospital)...
December 28, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238687/status-of-otorhinolaryngology-as-specialty-of-choice-among-female-medical-graduates
#8
Sunil Garg, Rubeena Arora, Sunil Kumar, Gautam Bir Singh
Specialty choices among medical graduates have undergone changes over time. We aimed to analyze status of otorhinolaryngology as specialty of choice among female medical graduates and factors affecting it. A total of 123 female medical graduates were surveyed during their internship over a period of 1 year in a tertiary-care hospital. Each intern was assessed using a questionnaire at the end of otorhinolaryngology rotation. The survey included nine questions about future career choices with special focus on ENT as a choice for specialization...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194601/idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-in-children-and-adolescents-an-update
#9
Catalina Cleves-Bayon
PREMISE: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), previously known as pseudotumor cerebri syndrome (PTC) is a serious neurological disorder that can lead to irreversible visual loss. Predominantly a disorder affecting women in reproductive years, the pediatric population is not spared. PROBLEM: In the past few years, the condition has been redefined, due to new accepted values for opening pressure in children and advances in neuroimaging. Emerging techniques in ophthalmology are being increasingly used to monitor disease in these patients...
December 1, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168365/evaluation-of-choroidal-thickness-measurements-in-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-patients
#10
Cem Bayraktar, Ali Şimşek
Bayraktar C, Şimşek A. Evaluation of choroidal thickness measurements in pediatric obstructive sleep apnea syndrome patients. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 62-67. Choroidal vascular impairment and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) related disorders have been shown in adults, but there have been no investigations with regard to the choroidal thickness measurements in children with OSAS. Our aim was to investigate this relationship in the early childhood period, which correlates with OSAS peak incidence due to adenotonsillar enlargement...
2017: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166895/retrospective-data-on-causes-of-childhood-vision-impairment-in-eritrea
#11
Rajendra Gyawali, Bharat Kumar Bhayal, Rabindra Adhikary, Arjun Shrestha, Rabindra Prasad Sah
BACKGROUND: Proper information on causes of childhood vision loss is essential in developing appropriate strategies and programs to address such causes. This study aimed at identifying the causes of vision loss in children attending the national referral eye hospital with the only pediatric ophthalmology service in Eritrea. METHODS: A retrospective data review was conducted for all the children (< 16 years of age) who attended Berhan Aiyni National Referral Eye Hospital in five years period from January 2011 to December 2015...
November 22, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156058/fevr-like-presentation-in-an-11q-deletion-syndrome-and-16p13-11-microdeletion
#12
Maria D Garcia, Camila V Ventura, Audina M Berrocal
A 7-year-old boy was diagnosed and treated for familial exudative vitreoretinopathy. Genetic testing revealed a 16p13.11 microdeletion and unbalanced translocation causing 11q deletion syndrome. This is the first report describing retinal findings associated with this combination of genetic alterations. Patients with 11q deletion syndrome or 16p13 microdeletions should undergo ophthalmologic examination. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2017;54:e71-e74.].
November 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145690/-visual-analysis-of-retinal-oct-data
#13
Martin Röhlig, Anselm Jünemann, Dagmar-Christiane Fischer, Ruby Kala Prakasam, Oliver Stachs, Heidrun Schumann
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) enables noninvasive high-resolution 3D imaging of the human retina, and thus plays a fundamental role in ophthalmology. Via OCT examination, even subtle retinal changes can be captured, which occur in very early stages of different diseases (e.g., glaucoma, diabetes mellitus, or age-related macular degeneration). Yet, analyzing the resulting data is challenging. Conventionally, OCT data are strongly aggregated via automated methods. While this reduces the amount of information to be analyzed, it also makes it difficult, if not impossible, to identify small and localized retinal changes...
November 16, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144051/infantile-hemangiomas-with-conjunctival-involvement-an%C3%A2-underreported-occurrence
#14
Martin Theiler, Eulalia Baselga, Christina Gerth-Kahlert, Erin F Mathes, Agnes Schwieger-Briel, Karla Chaloupka, Lisa Weibel, Ilona J Frieden
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) involving the conjunctiva are only anecdotally reported in the literature and little is known about their clinical course. In a retrospective case series we aimed to better delineate the clinical presentation, complications, and response to treatment of this uncommon subtype of IH. A classification of conjunctival IH is proposed. METHODS: Medical charts at three academic pediatric dermatology institutions were retrospectively analyzed...
November 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134133/monitoring-and-morphologic-classification-of-pediatric-cataract-using-slit-lamp-adapted-photography
#15
Erping Long, Zhuoling Lin, Jingjing Chen, Zhenzhen Liu, Qianzhong Cao, Haotian Lin, Weirong Chen, Yizhi Liu
Purpose: To investigate the feasibility of pediatric cataract monitoring and morphologic classification using slit lamp-adapted anterior segmental photography in a large cohort that included uncooperative children. Methods: Patients registered in the Childhood Cataract Program of the Chinese Ministry of Health were prospectively selected. Eligible patients underwent slit-lamp adapted anterior segmental photography to record and monitor the morphology of their cataractous lenses...
November 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133649/is-pediatric-ophthalmology-a-popular-subspecialty-in-india-present-scenario-and-future-remedies
#16
Sucheta Parija, Preetam Mahajan
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to assess the attitude and perceptions of residents regarding Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (POS) subspecialty training. We also explored the possible barriers and solutions to promoting POS in India. METHODS: A questionnaire consisting of 20 items, with a 5-point Likert scale, was provided to all postgraduate residents of Ophthalmology in the year 2013-2014. Semistructured interview of a selected panel of experts was carried out to understand the challenges, barriers, and opportunities for developing POS subspecialty in India...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133629/pediatric-ophthalmology-and-strabismus-in-india-wake-up-call-and-the-way-forward
#17
EDITORIAL
Ramesh Kekunnaya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133626/pediatric-ophthalmology-neuro-ophthalmology-uvea-and-oculoplasty-survival-is-the-only-option
#18
EDITORIAL
Santosh G Honavar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131912/practice-patterns-in-the-management-of-amblyopia-a-survey-study
#19
Jacquelyn Laplant, Aldo Vagge, Leonard B Nelson
PURPOSE: To characterize current practice preferences of pediatric ophthalmologists in the management of amblyopia and whether these are influenced by demographic variables. METHODS: A 10-question survey was distributed to all pediatric ophthalmologists and fellows attending the Annual Joseph H. Calhoun Pediatric Ophthalmology Forum at Wills Eye Hospital in 2016. The questionnaire consisted of demographic information and clinical management of amblyopia using clinical scenarios commonly encountered in pediatric ophthalmology practice...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108856/etiology-of-pediatric-acquired-blepharoptosis
#20
Sulakshan Rasiah, Thomas G Hardy, James E Elder, Cheng Yi Ng, Alan McNab
PURPOSE: To describe the etiology of acquired pediatric blepharoptosis in a large clinical series and to elucidate the causes of the disease. METHODS: The medical records of all patients presenting with acquired blepharoptosis at two specialist ocular plastics practices and a pediatric ophthalmology practice during a period of up to 25 years were reviewed retrospectively and classified according to their diagnosis. Patients were grouped into children (<18 years), younger adults (18-40 years), and older adults (>40 years)...
November 3, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
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