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Pediatric ophthalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145690/-visual-analysis-of-retinal-oct-data
#1
Martin Röhlig, Anselm Jünemann, Dagmar-Christiane Fischer, Ruby Kala Prakasam, Oliver Stachs, Heidrun Schumann
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) enables noninvasive high-resolution 3D imaging of the human retina, and thus plays a fundamental role in ophthalmology. Via OCT examination, even subtle retinal changes can be captured, which occur in very early stages of different diseases (e.g., glaucoma, diabetes mellitus, or age-related macular degeneration). Yet, analyzing the resulting data is challenging. Conventionally, OCT data are strongly aggregated via automated methods. While this reduces the amount of information to be analyzed, it also makes it difficult, if not impossible, to identify small and localized retinal changes...
November 16, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144051/infantile-hemangiomas-with-conjunctival-involvement-an%C3%A2-underreported-occurrence
#2
Martin Theiler, Eulalia Baselga, Christina Gerth-Kahlert, Erin F Mathes, Agnes Schwieger-Briel, Karla Chaloupka, Lisa Weibel, Ilona J Frieden
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) involving the conjunctiva are only anecdotally reported in the literature and little is known about their clinical course. In a retrospective case series we aimed to better delineate the clinical presentation, complications, and response to treatment of this uncommon subtype of IH. A classification of conjunctival IH is proposed. METHODS: Medical charts at three academic pediatric dermatology institutions were retrospectively analyzed...
November 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134133/monitoring-and-morphologic-classification-of-pediatric-cataract-using-slit-lamp-adapted-photography
#3
Erping Long, Zhuoling Lin, Jingjing Chen, Zhenzhen Liu, Qianzhong Cao, Haotian Lin, Weirong Chen, Yizhi Liu
Purpose: To investigate the feasibility of pediatric cataract monitoring and morphologic classification using slit lamp-adapted anterior segmental photography in a large cohort that included uncooperative children. Methods: Patients registered in the Childhood Cataract Program of the Chinese Ministry of Health were prospectively selected. Eligible patients underwent slit-lamp adapted anterior segmental photography to record and monitor the morphology of their cataractous lenses...
November 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133649/is-pediatric-ophthalmology-a-popular-subspecialty-in-india-present-scenario-and-future-remedies
#4
Sucheta Parija, Preetam Mahajan
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to assess the attitude and perceptions of residents regarding Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (POS) subspecialty training. We also explored the possible barriers and solutions to promoting POS in India. METHODS: A questionnaire consisting of 20 items, with a 5-point Likert scale, was provided to all postgraduate residents of Ophthalmology in the year 2013-2014. Semistructured interview of a selected panel of experts was carried out to understand the challenges, barriers, and opportunities for developing POS subspecialty in India...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133629/pediatric-ophthalmology-and-strabismus-in-india-wake-up-call-and-the-way-forward
#5
EDITORIAL
Ramesh Kekunnaya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133626/pediatric-ophthalmology-neuro-ophthalmology-uvea-and-oculoplasty-survival-is-the-only-option
#6
EDITORIAL
Santosh G Honavar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131912/practice-patterns-in-the-management-of-amblyopia-a-survey-study
#7
Jacquelyn Laplant, Aldo Vagge, Leonard B Nelson
PURPOSE: To characterize current practice preferences of pediatric ophthalmologists in the management of amblyopia and whether these are influenced by demographic variables. METHODS: A 10-question survey was distributed to all pediatric ophthalmologists and fellows attending the Annual Joseph H. Calhoun Pediatric Ophthalmology Forum at Wills Eye Hospital in 2016. The questionnaire consisted of demographic information and clinical management of amblyopia using clinical scenarios commonly encountered in pediatric ophthalmology practice...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108856/etiology-of-pediatric-acquired-blepharoptosis
#8
Sulakshan Rasiah, Thomas G Hardy, James E Elder, Cheng Yi Ng, Alan McNab
PURPOSE: To describe the etiology of acquired pediatric blepharoptosis in a large clinical series and to elucidate the causes of the disease. METHODS: The medical records of all patients presenting with acquired blepharoptosis at two specialist ocular plastics practices and a pediatric ophthalmology practice during a period of up to 25 years were reviewed retrospectively and classified according to their diagnosis. Patients were grouped into children (<18 years), younger adults (18-40 years), and older adults (>40 years)...
November 3, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108746/esotropia-and-exotropia-preferred-practice-pattern%C3%A2
#9
David K Wallace, Stephen P Christiansen, Derek T Sprunger, Michele Melia, Katherine A Lee, Christie L Morse, Michael X Repka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108745/pediatric-eye-evaluations-preferred-practice-pattern%C3%A2-i-vision-screening-in-the-primary-care-and-community-setting-ii-comprehensive-ophthalmic-examination
#10
David K Wallace, Christie L Morse, Michele Melia, Derek T Sprunger, Michael X Repka, Katherine A Lee, Stephen P Christiansen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108744/amblyopia-preferred-practice-pattern%C3%A2
#11
David K Wallace, Michael X Repka, Katherine A Lee, Michele Melia, Stephen P Christiansen, Christie L Morse, Derek T Sprunger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101628/editorial-pediatric-ophthalmology
#12
EDITORIAL
Pradeep Venkatesh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072006/-rule-of-clinical-application-of-auricular-acupuncture-based-on-data-mining
#13
Na Bao, Qiong Wang, Yan-Hui Sun, Jing Shi, Xiao-Feng Li, Jing Xu, Hai-Jiao Xing, Xuan-Ping Zhang, Xin Zhang, Yu-Zhu Du, Jun-Lei Li, Qing-Qing Yang, Xin-Xin Feng, Chun-Sheng Jia, Jian-Ling Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the rule of clinical application of auricular acupuncture therapy by data mining in order to guide clinical practice. METHODS: The data base about single auricular acupuncture therapy for different clinical diseases was established by collection, sorting, screening, recording, collation, data extraction, statistic analysis on data samples from journals, academic theses dissertations published in near 60 years. The application rules of auricular therapy including its predominant diseases, stimulus modality, therapeutic effect, and angle of needling were summarized by data mining technique...
February 25, 2017: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068853/neonatal-rhizomelic-chondrodysplasia-punctata-type-1-weaving-evidence-into-clinical-practice
#14
Jessica Landino, Amy J Jnah, Desi M Newberry, Sabine C Iben
Rhizomelic chondrodysplasia punctata (RCDP) is a rare genetic peroxisome biogenesis disorder with a reported incidence of 1 in 100 000 live births. The 3 genetic subtypes of RCDP are acquired by an autosomal recessive inheritance pattern. RCDP type 1 accounts for greater than 90% of all aggregate cases. Differentiating between the 3 subtypes of RCDP, as well as disorders characterized by similar punctate cartilaginous changes, is essential to guide an appropriate postnatal plan of care. Management strategies are focused toward associated clinical manifestations and require an interdisciplinary approach including ophthalmology, cardiovascular, endocrine, physical and occupational therapy, and neurology...
October 2017: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056300/screening-children-at-risk-for-retinoblastoma-consensus-report-from-the-american-association-of-ophthalmic-oncologists-and-pathologists
#15
Alison H Skalet, Dan S Gombos, Brenda L Gallie, Jonathan W Kim, Carol L Shields, Brian P Marr, Sharon E Plon, Patricia Chévez-Barrios
PURPOSE: To provide a set of surveillance guidelines for children at risk for development of retinoblastoma. DESIGN: Consensus panel. PARTICIPANTS: Expert panel of ophthalmic oncologists, pathologists, and geneticists. METHODS: A group of members of the American Association of Ophthalmic Oncologists and Pathologists (AAOOP) with support of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) was convened...
October 18, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053603/clinical-and-genetic-evaluation-of-a-cohort-of-pediatric-patients-with-severe-inherited-retinal-dystrophies
#16
Valentina Di Iorio, Marianthi Karali, Raffaella Brunetti-Pierri, Mariaelena Filippelli, Giuseppina Di Fruscio, Mariateresa Pizzo, Margherita Mutarelli, Vincenzo Nigro, Francesco Testa, Sandro Banfi, Francesca Simonelli
We performed a clinical and genetic characterization of a pediatric cohort of patients with inherited retinal dystrophy (IRD) to identify the most suitable cases for gene therapy. The cohort comprised 43 patients, aged between 2 and 18 years, with severe isolated IRD at the time of presentation. The ophthalmological characterization also included assessment of the photoreceptor layer integrity in the macular region (ellipsoid zone (EZ) band). In parallel, we carried out a targeted, next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based analysis using a panel that covers over 150 genes with either an established or a candidate role in IRD pathogenesis...
October 20, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044060/interocular-symmetry-of-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-and-optic-nerve-head-parameters-measured-by-cirrus-high-definition-optical-coherence-tomography-in-a-normal-pediatric-population
#17
Neelam Pawar, Devendra Maheshwari, Meenakshi Ravindran, Renagappa Ramakrishnan
PURPOSE: To determine interocular differences in the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and optic nerve head (ONH) parameters in a pediatric population using Cirrus high-definition optical coherence tomography (HD-OCT). METHODS: Seventy normal Indian children aged 5-17 years presenting to the Pediatric Clinic were included in this observational cross-sectional study. All subjects underwent a comprehensive ophthalmologic examination and an evaluation of the RNFL and ONH by Cirrus HD-OCT...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018746/an-innovative-era-of-pediatric-ophthalmology-and-strabismus
#18
EDITORIAL
Chong-Bin Tsai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991511/prevalence-of-congenital-ocular-anomalies-among-children-with-genetic-disorders-an-egyptian-study
#19
Reham H Tomairek, Maha M Amin, Karima Raafat, Sawsan Abdel Hady, Ahmed Elkotoury
PURPOSE: To assess the pattern and frequency of occurrence of ocular anomalies among other genetic disorders in Egypt. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of 2500 cases presenting with genetic disorders. Cases were recruited from the clinical genetics department of the National Research Centre (NRC) over a four-year period between January 2011 and December 2014. Ophthalmological examination of the cases was performed in the pediatric ophthalmology department of Cairo University Hospitals...
October 9, 2017: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991353/asymptomatic-leukemic-optic-nerve-infiltration-as-presentation-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-relapse
#20
Jane Caty, A Paula Grigorian, Florin Grigorian
The authors report a case of asymptomatic leukemic optic neuropathy as the first sign of acute lymphoblastic leukemia relapse in a 4-year-old boy. Routine ophthalmologic examination showed normal visual acuity and pupillary function in the presence of a tumoral mass covering the left optic disc. The mass resolved with preservation of vision after intrathecal chemotherapy. A routine ophthalmological examination is recommended for all patients with a history of acute lymphoblastic leukemia to exclude optic nerve involvement without systemic symptoms or signs...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
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