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physiotherapy, physical therapy

Ryutaro Matsugaki, Toru Akebi, Hideo Shitama, Futoshi Wada, Satoru Saeki
[Purpose] To verify the immediate effects of exercise therapy on cancer-related fatigue (CRF) in cancer patients. [Subjects and Methods] Eighteen cancer patients who performed exercise therapy targeting a rating of 4 (somewhat strong) on the Borg category-ratio scale (CR-10) were enrolled. CRF was evaluated using the Cancer Fatigue Scale (CFS). CFS was evaluated in clinical practice immediately before and after exercise therapy on the 1st or 2nd day of physiotherapy for CRF management. CFS scores before and after exercise were compared to determine how CRF changed due to exercise therapy...
February 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Schirin Akhbari Ziegler, Tineke Dirks, Mijna Hadders-Algra
BACKGROUND: Coaching is en vogue in pediatric physiotherapy, but often applied rather unspecific and undefined. METHODS: This paper aims to describe coaching in early physiotherapy intervention, taking the specific coaching approach of the family-centered program "COPing with and CAring for infants with special needs" (COPCA) as a case in point. RESULTS: The theoretical underpinnings of coaching in COPCA, including a meta-model, family-centered practice, the Neuronal Group Selection Theory and the goal-oriented coaching approach, are discussed...
March 16, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Christian Jung, Lena Tepohl, Reina Tholen, Knut Beitzel, Stefan Buchmann, Thomas Gottfried, Casper Grim, Bettina Mauch, Gert Krischak, Hans Ortmann, Christian Schoch, Frieder Mauch
Background: Tears and lesions of the rotator cuff are a frequent cause of shoulder pain and disability. Surgical repair of the rotator cuff is a valuable procedure to improve shoulder function and decrease pain. However, there is no consensus concerning the rehabilitation protocol following surgery. Objectives: To review and evaluate current rehabilitation contents and protocols after rotator cuff repair by reviewing the existing scientific literature and providing an overview of the clinical practice of selected German Society of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery e...
2018: Obere Extremität
Dilek Efe Arslan, Sevinç Kutlutürkan, Murat Korkmaz
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of aromatherapy massage on knee pain and functional status in subjects with osteoarthritis. The study was designed as a non-randomized interventional study. The study was carried out on patients who referred to the outpatient clinics of the Department of Orthopedics, Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation at Bozok University Research and Application Hospital, and were diagnosed with osteoarthritis. A total number of 95 patients were included in the study, and of those, 33 were allocated to aromatherapy massage group, 30 were allocated to conventional massage group, and 32 were allocated to the control group...
March 5, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
Tawana Vicente Bertagnolli, Michelle de Souza Rangel Machado, Cristine Jorge Homsi Ferreira, Jackeline de Souza Rangel Machado, Geraldo Duarte, Ricardo Carvalho Cavalli
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility and safety of a physiotherapy protocol applied to pregnant women with preeclampsia. METHODS: Randomized, controlled, single-blind feasibility study, with 24 hospitalized pregnant women with preeclampsia. The intervention group received one session of the physiotherapy. The control group remained under the routine care of the hospital. The primary outcomes were Doppler velocimetry, cardiotocography, and maternal-fetal hemodynamics...
March 1, 2018: Hypertension in Pregnancy
Skjærven Lh, Mattsson M, Catalan-Matamoros D, Parker A, Gard G, Gyllensten Al
Physiotherapists are facing complex health challenges in the treatment of persons suffering from long-lasting musculoskeletal disorders and mental health problems. Basic Body Awareness Therapy (BBAT) is a physiotherapy approach within the movement awareness domain developed to bridge physical, mental, and relational health challenges. The purpose of this study was to reach a consensus on core phenomena and statements describing BBAT. A consensus-building process was conducted using the nominal group technique (NGT)...
February 26, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Chuenjid Kongkaew, Parinya Lertsinthai, Katechan Jampachaisri, Pajaree Mongkhon, Peerapong Meesomperm, Kunwarang Kornkaew, Phichamon Malaiwong
OBJECTIVES: Thai yoga is a traditional Thai exercise used for improving health-related physical fitness. Many studies have evaluated these effects, but their results remain inconclusive. This meta-analysis aimed to examine the effectiveness of Thai yoga on physical fitness. DESIGN/METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane library, Thai Library Integrated System (ThaiLis), Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), National Rehabilitation Information Center (Rehabdata), Scopus, Web of Science, Thai University library databases/journals, and Thai Physical Therapy database up to March 2016 were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) examining the effect of Thai yoga exercise compared with normal daily activities as controls, in any language...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Martine H P Crins, Philip J van der Wees, Thomas Klausch, Simone A van Dulmen, Leo D Roorda, Caroline B Terwee
OBJECTIVES: The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) is a universally applicable set of instruments, including item banks, short forms and computer adaptive tests (CATs), measuring patient-reported health across different patient populations. PROMIS CATs are highly efficient and the use in practice is considered feasible with little administration time, offering standardized and routine patient monitoring. Before an item bank can be used as CAT, the psychometric properties of the item bank have to be examined...
2018: PloS One
Josianne Rodrigues-Krause, Mauricio Krause, Alvaro Reischak-Oliveira
Context • Dancing has been used as a form of exercise to improve functional and metabolic outcomes during aging. The field lacks randomized, clinical trials (RCTs) evaluating metabolic outcomes related to dance interventions, but dancing may be a form of exercise that could induce positive effects on the metabolic health of older adults. However, primary studies seem very heterogonous regarding the trial designs, characteristics of the interventions, the methods for outcomes assessments, statistical powers, and methodological quality...
February 10, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Gemma Victoria Espí-López, Maria-Arantzazu Ruescas-Nicolau, M Luz Sanchez-Sanchez, Anna Arnal-Gómez, Mercè Balasch-Bernat, Elena Marques-Sule
Context • Thoracic manipulation decreases pain and disability. However, when such manipulation is contraindicated, the use of other manual techniques based on the regional interdependence of the thoracic spine, upper ribs, and shoulders is an alternative approach. Objective • The study intended to investigate the immediate changes resulting from 3 manual therapy treatments on spinal mobility, flexibility, comfort, and pain perception in patients with persistent, nonspecific back pain as well as changes in their sense of physical well-being and their perception of change after treatment...
February 10, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Michel Probst, James Mugisha
Background: There is a need for psychosocial interventions to address the escalating mental health burden in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Physiotherapists could have a central role in reducing the burden and facilitating recovery within the multidisciplinary care of people with mental health problems. The aim of this systematic review was to explore the role of physiotherapists within the current mental health policies of SSA countries and to explore the current research evidence for physiotherapy to improve functional outcomes in people with mental health problems in SSA...
2018: Archives of Physiotherapy
Mieke Anthonissen, Jill Meirte, Peter Moortgat, Koen Maertens, Daniel Daly, Steffen Fieuws, Cindy Lafaire, Lieve De Cuyper, Eric Van den Kerckhove
OBJECTIVE: Depressomassage is a non-invasive massage technique using a mechanical suction device that is used in the treatment of traumatic or burn scars. Since color and transepidermal water loss (TEWL) are respectively the most important physical and physiological characteristic of hypertrophic scar formation, we wanted to investigate the effects of depressomassage on the recovery of color and TEWL in burn scars compared to the traditional physiotherapy. METHODS: In this pilot comparative controlled study a total 43 burn patients were included and allocated into 2 groups...
January 27, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
G N Ponomarenko
The author presents a review of the experimental and clinical studies that have formed the basis of modern physiotherapy as a science, academic discipline, and clinical specialty. The analysis of the attributes of modern physical therapy has been undertaken with special reference to the definitions of the concepts, categories, classifications, therapeutic physical factors, and physical treatment methods that provide the basis of modern physical therapy. The directions of scientific and practical development of physiotherapy in the currently adopted system of organization of the medical care services in Russia are determined...
December 28, 2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
A E Gorelikov, E A Melnikova, A N Razumov, M A Rassulova, I M Rud
This article presents an analytical review of the literature concerning the problem of rehabilitation of the patients following the surgical treatment of hernias of intervertebral disks. The relevance of this problem and the importance of the related research activities in the context of neurorehabilitation are beyond any doubt. Despite the obvious progress in the modernization of the methods and technologies for medical rehabilitation, the number of re-operations in connection with the recurrences of herniated discs remains too high and the overall success thus far achieved in this field falls short of expectations...
December 5, 2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
Ian M Lahart, George S Metsios, Alan M Nevill, Amtul R Carmichael
BACKGROUND: Women with a diagnosis of breast cancer may experience short- and long-term disease and treatment-related adverse physiological and psychosocial outcomes. These outcomes can negatively impact prognosis, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and psychosocial and physical function. Physical activity may help to improve prognosis and may alleviate the adverse effects of adjuvant therapy. OBJECTIVES: To assess effects of physical activity interventions after adjuvant therapy for women with breast cancer...
January 29, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Rowan W Johnson, Sian A Williams, Daniel F Gucciardi, Natasha Bear, Noula Gibson
INTRODUCTION: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) and other neurodevelopmental disabilities often receive a home programme of exercises to assist in reaching their therapy goals. Adherence to exercise programmes is necessary to attain the level of practice required to achieve goals; however, adherence can be difficult to accomplish. In this paper, we describe the protocol for a randomised controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of delivering a home exercise programme to school-age children with disabilities using Physitrack, an online exercise prescription tool with a website or app interface...
January 23, 2018: BMJ Open
Edward James R Gorgon
Background: Caregiver-provided physical therapy home programs (PTHP) play an important role in enhancing motor outcomes in pediatric patient populations. Purpose: This scoping review systematically mapped clinical trials of caregiver-provided PTHP that were aimed at enhancing motor outcomes in children who have or who are at risk for motor delay, with the purpose of (1) describing trial characteristics; (2) assessing methodologic quality, and (3) examining the reporting of caregiver-related components...
January 17, 2018: Physical Therapy
Helge Schumacher, Sabrina Stüwe, Peter Kropp, Doreen Diedrich, Sebastian Freitag, Nico Greger, Christian Junghanss, Mathias Freund, Inken Hilgendorf
The positive effects of physical and sports therapy for strain dependent physical practice and improved quality of life (QoL) are well known. Nevertheless, the available capacities and problem-oriented therapies in the setting of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) are limited. We conducted a prospective, randomized study among 42 HSCT recipients in order to investigate the influence of exergaming on Nintendo Wii® or classical physiotherapy (PT) on physical fitness and psychological well-being. The trial included evaluation of muscle strength, endurance, physical activity, distress, QoL, anxiety, and depression...
January 15, 2018: Bone Marrow Transplantation
Lisa J Cameron, Lisa M Somerville, Catherine E Naismith, Dina Watterson, Valentina Maric, Natasha A Lannin
OBJECTIVE: To explore the ways clinicians engage rehabilitation patients in patient-centered goal setting and identify factors influencing the goal-setting process. DESIGN: Ethnographic study utilizing observed practice-thematic analysis. SETTING: Four rehabilitation wards of a large metropolitan hospital in Melbourne, Australia. SUBJECTS: Participants included 17 rehabilitation patients, 18 allied health clinicians and one family member...
January 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Christian A Brünahl, Susanne G R Klotz, Christoph Dybowski, Björn Riegel, Sonja Gregorzik, Dean A Tripp, Gesche Ketels, Bernd Löwe
BACKGROUND: Chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) is a pain condition perceived in the pelvic area for at least 6 months. While evidence of the aetiology and maintenance of CPPS is still unclear and therapy options are rare, there is preliminary evidence for the efficacy of cognitive behavioural therapy and physiotherapy. However, an integrated treatment has not yet been studied. The primary aim of this study is therefore to test the feasibility of combined psychotherapy and physiotherapy for female and male patients with CPPS...
January 9, 2018: Trials
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