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physiotherapy, physical therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785079/decreasing-recurrent-bowel-obstructions-improving-quality-of-life-with-physiotherapy-controlled-study
#1
Amanda D Rice, Kimberley Patterson, Evette D Reed, Belinda F Wurn, Kristen Robles, Bernhard Klingenberg, Leonard B Weinstock, Janey Sa Pratt, C Richard King, Lawrence J Wurn
AIM: To compare (1) quality of life and (2) rate of recurrent small bowel obstructions (SBO) for patients treated with novel manual physiotherapy vs no treatment. METHODS: One hundred and three subjects (age 19-89) with a history of recurrent adhesive SBO were treated with a manual physiotherapy called the Clear Passage Approach (CPA) which focused on decreasing adhesive crosslinking in abdominopelvic viscera. Pre- and post-therapy data measured recurring obstructions and quality of life, using a validated test sent 90 d after therapy...
May 21, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783267/-conceptual-approaches-to-the-investigation-of-a-problem-of-professional-training-of-physical-therapists
#2
Anna V Fastivetz, Pavlo V Khomenko, Inna E Shaparenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction:The level of people's health and its preservation is a medical problem that requires the optimal solution and the need to improve the management of the system of measures to achieve the goal. According to specialists, the health of Ukrainian people is accompanied by high mortality, significant parameters of disability and morbidity and a decrease in the average life expectancy. Diseases that lead to such negative medical and social and socio-economic consequences are so-called "illnesses of a way of life" or "diseases of civilization"...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761863/surgical-treatment-of-esophageal-cancer-in-the-era-of-multimodality-management
#3
REVIEW
Alicia S Borggreve, B Feike Kingma, Serg A Domrachev, Mikhail A Koshkin, Jelle P Ruurda, Richard van Hillegersberg, Flavio R Takeda, Lucas Goense
Over the last decades, the treatment of resectable esophageal cancer has evolved into a multidisciplinary process in which all players are essential for treatment to be successful. Medical oncologists and radiation oncologists have been increasingly involved since the implementation of neoadjuvant therapy, which has been shown to improve survival. Although esophagectomy is still considered the cornerstone of curative treatment for locally advanced esophageal cancer, it remains associated with considerable postoperative morbidity, despite promising results of minimally invasive techniques...
May 15, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756091/embedding-the-iasp-pain-curriculum-into-a-3-year-pre-licensure-physical-therapy-program-redesigning-pain-education-for-future-clinicians
#4
Julia M Hush, Michael Nicholas, Catherine M Dean
Supplemental Digital Content is Available in the Text. This article describes the process and evaluation of embedding the IASP Pain Curriculum for Physical Therapy into a 3-year Doctor of Physiotherapy Program in Australia.
March 2018: Pain Reports (Baltimore, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755852/high-frequency-generator-in-wound-healing-of-marjolin-s-ulcer-after-carcinoma-resection
#5
Pascale Mutti Tacani, Rogério Eduardo Tacani, Aline Fernanda Perez Machado, Débora Montezello, João Carlos Guedes Sampaio Góes, Angela Gonçalves Marx, Richard Eloin Liebano
Marjolin's ulcers (MU) are skin malignancies that form over burn injuries. These very aggressive ulcers can result in functional and wound healing impairment, and require a well thought out treatment plan. Physiotherapy offers resources to help promote recovery of these patients, as described in this case report, in which the patient with a history of burn in the lower limbs evolved to malignancy 32 years later. This patient underwent tumor resection of the left foot, with recurrence and lymphadenectomy . Physical therapy included the application of high-frequency generator (HFG) for wound healing and exercises for functional recovery...
May 1, 2018: Advances in Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747662/progressive-mobility-program-and-technology-to-increase-the-level-of-physical-activity-and-its-benefits-in-respiratory-muscular-system-and-functionality-of-icu-patients-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Debora Stripari Schujmann, Adriana Claudia Lunardi, Carolina Fu
BACKGROUND: Enhanced mobility in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) could minimize the negative effects of critical illness, such as declines in cognitive, muscular, respiratory, and functional capacity. We aim to compare the functional status at ICU discharge of patients who underwent a progressive mobilization protocol versus patients who received conventional physiotherapy. We also examine the level of physical activity in the ICU, the degree of pulmonary and muscle function, and the length of stay to analyze correlations between these variables...
May 10, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739632/outcomes-and-factors-influencing-response-to-an-individualized-multidisciplinary-chronic-disease-management-program-for-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis
#7
David P Gwynne-Jones, Andrew R Gray, Liam R Hutton, Kirsten M Stout, J Haxby Abbott
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to investigate the effectiveness of, and factors associated with, response to a chronic disease management program for patients with hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Over a 2-year period (2012-2014), 218 patients (97 hip OA; 121 knee OA) were managed with an individualized program of interventions that could include education, physiotherapy, orthotics, occupational therapy, or dietitian referral. Changes in Oxford Hip Score or Oxford Knee Score and Short Form-12 (SF-12) Physical and Mental Component Summary Score (PCS, MCS) were analyzed by joint affected, both unadjusted, and gender and age adjusted...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723127/ethics-and-sexual-health-exploration-of-the-ethical-code-of-conduct-for-physiotherapists-concerning-sexual-health-in-clinical-practice
#8
Kristina Areskoug-Josefsson, Sofia Kjellström
Physiotherapists have an important role in sexual health, but there are specific ethical considerations regarding sexuality and the practice of physiotherapy which require serious consideration. This article aims to illustrate how the professional ethical code of physiotherapy can serve as a tool for ethical clinical reasoning regarding sexual health in clinical physiotherapy practice. We analyse the ethical codes for physical therapy, in relation to a definition of sexual health and the declaration of sexual rights...
May 3, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719727/effects-of-preoperative-and-postoperative-resistance-exercise-interventions-on-recovery-of-physical-function-in-patients-undergoing-abdominal-surgery-for-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#9
David Stephensen, Ferhana Hashem, Kevin Corbett, Amanda Bates, Michelle George, Ralph Peter Hobbs, Malcolm Hopkins, Irena Hutchins, David Peter Lowery, Tracy Pellatt-Higgins, Charitini Stavropoulou, Ian Swaine, Lee Tomlinson, Hazel Woodward, Haythem Ali
Objective: To systematically review the effects of preoperative and postoperative resistance exercise training on the recovery of physical function in patients undergoing abdominal surgery for cancer. Data sources: A systematic review of English articles using Medline, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, CINAHL and the Cochrane Library electronic databases was undertaken. Eligibility criteria for selecting studies: Studies were included if they used a randomised, quasi-randomised or controlled trial study design and compared the effects of a muscle-strengthening exercise intervention (±other therapy) with a comparative non-exercise group; involved adult participants (≥18 years) who had elected to undergo abdominal surgery for cancer; and used muscle strength, physical function, self-reported functional ability, range of motion and/or a performance-based test as an outcome measure...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710099/effect-of-pain-neuroscience-education-combined-with-cognition-targeted-motor-control-training-on-chronic-spinal-pain-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Anneleen Malfliet, Jeroen Kregel, Iris Coppieters, Robby De Pauw, Mira Meeus, Nathalie Roussel, Barbara Cagnie, Lieven Danneels, Jo Nijs
Importance: Effective treatments for chronic spinal pain are essential to reduce the related high personal and socioeconomic costs. Objective: To compare pain neuroscience education combined with cognition-targeted motor control training with current best-evidence physiotherapy for reducing pain and improving functionality, gray matter morphologic features, and pain cognitions in individuals with chronic spinal pain. Design, Setting, and Participants: Multicenter randomized clinical trial conducted from January 1, 2014, to January 30, 2017, among 120 patients with chronic nonspecific spinal pain in 2 outpatient hospitals with follow-up at 3, 6, and 12 months...
April 16, 2018: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699417/physical-exercise-an-evaluation-of-a-new-clinical-biomarker-of-survival-in-hospice-patients
#11
Marin Golčić, Renata Dobrila-Dintinjana, Goran Golčić, Lidija Gović-Golčić, Aleksandar Čubranić
PURPOSE: Survival analysis is an important issue in palliative care. However, there is a lack of quality clinical biomarkers for assessing survival, especially in bedridden patients. Recent research supports the benefit of physiotherapy in palliative care, as majority of hospice patients are able to perform physical therapy. We propose the hypothesis that the difference in activity during physical exercise can be used as a biomarker of survival in hospice care. METHODS: We examined 536 consecutive patients who performed physical exercises in our hospice from March 2013 to July 2017...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693198/-physiotherapeutic-assessment-of-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-development-of-a-standardized-physiotherapeutic-assessment-instrument-for-interprofessional-cooperation-in-patients-with-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome
#12
S G R Klotz, G Ketels, B Richardsen, B Löwe, C A Brünahl
BACKGROUND: The chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) can be associated with physiotherapeutic findings. An interprofessional approach is recommended for patients with CPPS; however, no standardized physiotherapeutic assessment and documentation instrument for specific physiotherapeutic assessments exist, which is not only the foundation for physiotherapy but also for interprofessional communication. OBJECTIVE: The aim was the development of a physiotherapeutic assessment instrument for patients with CPPS and therefore, to create a tool for clinical use, research and interprofessional communication...
April 24, 2018: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685023/extracorporeal-shockwave-therapy-versus-exercise-program-in-patients-with-low-back-pain-short-term-results-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
A Notarnicola, G Maccagnano, M F Gallone, L Mastromauro, F Rifino, V Pesce, I Covelli, B Moretti
The physiotherapy treatment of low back pain (LBP) with physical stimulation offers different possibilities of application. Until now, the physical therapies used in LBP are laser therapy, ultrasonotherapy and currents. We conducted a clinical trial in order to verify whether shockwave therapy, which is very effective in treating tendinopathies and fracture consolidation delays, leads to clinical and electromyographic improvement in patients affected by LBP. We randomized thirty patients affected by LBP treated with shock waves (shockwave group) or a standard protocol characterized by rehabilitative exercises (control group)...
March 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652040/-the-physical-and-chemical-properties-of-the-skin-and-the-action-of-therapeutic-physical-factors
#14
V S Ulashchik
This article discusses the importance of the physical and chemical properties of the skin subjected to the action of the therapeutic physical factors. The author presents the data illustrating the influence of alterations in skin permeability on the penetration of medicinal substances into the organs and tissues of the body under conditions of application of various physico-pharmacological methods based on the use of chemical ingredients of peloid therapy and other balneotherapeutic technologies. The effectiveness of skin permeability is known to be of special importance in the context of physical therapy since it determines the action of its individual components...
April 9, 2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651898/the-effectiveness-of-therapeutic-strategies-for-patients-with-radiculopathy-a-network-meta-analysis
#15
Xiaoyu Zhang, Zhiqiang Zhang, Jianzhong Wen, Jie Lu, Yingchun Sun, Dechun Sang
Objectives The aim of this network meta-analysis is to assess the effectiveness of therapeutic strategies for patients with radiculopathy, including physical, medical, surgical, and other therapies. Methods We electronically searched electronic databases including PubMed and Embase for randomized controlled trials. The response rate and visual analog scale of pain change were considered as primary outcomes. The outcomes were measured by odds ratio (OR) value and corresponding 95% credible intervals (CrIs) or standardized mean difference (MD) with 95% CrIs...
January 2018: Molecular Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649791/the-long-term-impact-of-high-levels-of-alpha-melanocyte-stimulating-hormone-in-energy-balance-among-obese-adolescents
#16
Ana Claudia Pelissari Kravchychyn, Raquel Munhoz da Silveira Campos, Flávia Campos Corgosinho, Deborah Cristina Landi Masquio, Sofia Emanuelle de Castro Ferreira Vicente, Yasmin Alaby Martins Ferreira, Patrícia Leão Silva, Aline de Piano Ganen, Lila Missae Oyama, Lian Tock, Marco Túlio de Mello, Sérgio Tufik, Ana Raimunda Dâmaso
BACKGROUND: Deregulation of orexigenic and anorexigenic pathways occurs among adolescents with obesity. Alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) is a key catabolic mediator of energy homeostasis and an important anorexigenic neuropeptide in the control of energy balance and thermogenesis. However, it was not well explored if α-MSH can modulate long-term weight loss therapy responses in a dependent manner according to its concentration. Our hypothesis is that a high α-MSH concentration at baseline promotes better modulation of anorexigenic/orexigenic pathways in obese adolescents...
April 12, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644891/a-survey-of-physiotherapists-current-management-and-the-promotion-of-physical-activity-in-people-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#17
Sean McKenna, Grainne Kelly, Norelee Kennedy
PURPOSE: Establishing physiotherapists' management of people with rheumatoid arthritis, in addition to their promotion of physical activity, is important to ascertain if there are educational needs in this area. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Physiotherapists from three Irish Chartered Physiotherapy clinical interest groups (N = 457) were invited to participate in a cross-sectional online questionnaire hosted on SurveyMonkey(R) ™. RESULTS: One hundred and sixty-eight (168/457; 37%) responded...
April 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642755/successful-treatment-of-ventricular-arrhythmic-storm-with-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-and-catheter-ablation-in-a-patient-with-left-ventricular-assist-device
#18
Nihat Firat Sipahi, Arash Mehdiani, Diyar Saeed, Udo Boeken, Hisaki Makimoto, Artur Lichtenberg, Hannan Dalyanoglu
INTRODUCTION: Ventricular arrhythmias are common in patients with advanced heart failure, which may also persist after sufficient intensive therapy for heart failure even with a left ventricular assist device. Although most ventricular arrhythmias have no hemodynamic relevance during left ventricular assist device support, some patients suffer from right ventricular decompensation due to ventricular arrhythmias resulting in severe hemodynamic deterioration and poor clinical outcomes. METHODS: We describe herein an left ventricular assist device patient with refractory ventricular arrhythmic storm early after left ventricular assist device implantation...
April 1, 2018: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629196/a-comprehensive-protocol-for-physiokinesis-therapy-and-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-in-patients-undergoing-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-lobectomy
#19
Alessandro Bertani, Paolo Ferrari, Danilo Terzo, Emanuele Russo, Gaetano Burgio, Lavinia De Monte, Francesco Raffaele, Andrea Droghetti, Roberto Crisci
Background: Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy has recently been adopted as the gold standard surgical option for the treatment of early stage non-small cell lung cancer. Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) is being progressively adopted in thoracic surgery to improve the postoperative outcomes. Even if the benefits of ERAS are universally accepted, to date a standardized and uniform approach has not been described in the medical literature. The Italian VATS group has recently proposed to include in the VATS lobectomy database a structured protocol for ERAS...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618326/a-novel-homozygous-mutation-in-polr3a-gene-causing-4h-syndrome-a-case-report
#20
Vishal V Tewari, Ritu Mehta, C M Sreedhar, Kunal Tewari, Akbar Mohammad, Neerja Gupta, Sheffali Gulati, Madhulika Kabra
BACKGROUND: 4H syndrome is a congenital hypomyelinating leukodystrophy characterized by hypodontia, hypomyelination and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism belonging to the Pol III-related leukodystrophies which arise due to mutations in the POLR3A or POLR3B gene. The clinical presentation is of neurodevelopmental delay or regression with ataxia, dystonia, nystagmus, delayed deciduous dentition and abnormal order of eruption of teeth. MRI brain shows a characteristic hypomyelination pattern...
April 4, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
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