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Insulin resistance OR metabolic syndrom risk factor AND neck circumference

Xiaoxia Lu, Xiao Wang, Ting Xu, Yuan Feng, Yufeng Wang, Zechuan Cai, Bing Cao, Taoping Li
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is a common breathing disorder during sleep characterized by multiple disease roots, including disorders of complement and glycometabolism. And the main purpose of the present study is to make clear the effect of complement C3 on glucose metabolism abnormalities in patients with OSAHS. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. Two hundred six patients, mean age 44.58 ± 11.84 years and 26 female patients (26/206), had been suspected with OSAHS and underwent overnight polysomnography...
May 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
Zhe Pan, Xianghua Zhuang, Xiaobo Li, Shaoyi Huang, Liang Zhang, Fuchen Lou, Shihong Chen, Yihong Ni
Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is a commonly-diagnosed chronic sleep disorder. It is considered to be an important independent risk factor in the development of insulin resistance (IR). Patients with OSAHS exhibit a variety of metabolic disorders, including obesity and metabolic syndrome. Visceral adipose tissue-derived serpin (vaspin) is an adipokine that is considered to be a link between obesity and IR. The present study aimed to evaluate the levels of plasma vaspin in patients with OSAHS and examine their potential correlation with sleep characteristics...
March 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Diego Gomez-Arbelaez, Paul Anthony Camacho, Daniel Dylan Cohen, Sandra Saavedra-Cortes, Cristina Lopez-Lopez, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo
BACKGROUND: The current study aims to evaluate the association between neck circumference (NC) and several cardio-metabolic risk factors, to compare it with well-established anthropometric indices, and to determine the cut-off point value of NC for predicting children at increased risk of metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance and low-grade systemic inflammation. METHODS: A total of 669 school children, aged 8-14, were recruited. Demographic, clinical, anthropometric and biochemical data from all patients were collected...
March 8, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
Nils Eckstein, Nikolaus Buchmann, Ilja Demuth, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Jivko Nikolov, Dominik Spira, Rahel Eckardt, Kristina Norman
BACKGROUND: Decreased bone mineral density (BMD) has been linked to metabolic disorders, such as type 2 diabetes. However, results regarding the metabolic syndrome (MetS), a cluster of at least 3 of 5 cardiovascular risk parameters with potentially contradictory effects on BMD are still inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effect of MetS and its single parameters on BMD at 3 sites in community-dwelling older subjects. METHODS: 1,402 subjects (51...
2016: Gerontology
Yajna Duki, Datshana P Naidoo
BACKGROUND: We studied the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) among Indians from a low-income community and evaluated the relationship between physical behavior patterns and anthropometric measures and the presence of MetS. METHODS: The modified WHO STEPS questionnaire was used to collect data from a randomized sample of 1154 subjects from the Indian community of Phoenix, Durban. MetS was classified according to the harmonized criteria. RESULTS: The median age of the sample was 47 (37-55) years, and 72% were predominantly females...
March 2016: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
Christiane Stabe, Ana Carolina Junqueira Vasques, Marcelo Miranda Oliveira Lima, Marcos Antonio Tambascia, Jose Carlos Pareja, Ademar Yamanaka, Bruno Geloneze
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship of the neck circumference (NC) with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and insulin resistance (IR) in a large Brazilian population-based sample, within a wide range of adiposity and glucose tolerance, and to establish cut-off values of the NC for MetS and IR. CONTEXT: The NC correlates with cardiovascular risk factors, IR and components of MetS. Upper-body subcutaneous (sc) fat, as estimated by the NC, is associated with cardiovascular risk factors as much as abdominal fat, which is usually estimated by the waist circumference (WC)...
June 2013: Clinical Endocrinology
Omar S El Safoury, Rania M Abdel Hay, Marwa M Fawzy, Dina Kadry, Iman M Amin, Ola M Abu Zeid, Laila A Rashed
BACKGROUND: Skin tags (STs), are papillomas commonly found in the neck and in the axillae of middle-aged and elderly people. Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a complex of interrelated risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Epidemiologic studies of different ethnic populations have indicated that hyperleptinaemia and leptin resistance are strongly associated with MS. AIM: To study the possible relation of skin tags and leptin levels to MS guided by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) diagnostic criteria...
September 2011: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
Altan Onat, Gülay Hergenç, Hüsniye Yüksel, Günay Can, Erkan Ayhan, Zekeriya Kaya, Dursun Dursunoğlu
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To investigate the relationship of neck circumference (NC) to metabolic syndrome (MetS) and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and whether it adds information to that provided by waist circumference. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of a population sample of 1,912 men and women, aged 55.1 +/- 12 years, representative of Turkish adults. MetS was identified based on modified criteria of the ATP-III, OSAS when habitual snoring and episodes of apnea were combined with another relevant symptom...
February 2009: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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