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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319789/group-schema-therapy-for-personality-disorders-a-pilot-study-for-implementation-in-acute-psychiatric-in-patient-settings
#1
Igor Nenadić, Sina Lamberth, Neele Reiss
Group schema therapy (GST) has been proposed as a novel long-term treatment programme for borderline and cluster C personality disorders. We implemented a short-term GST programme (12-15 sessions, based on the manual by Farrell and Shaw (2012), including both cognitive / behavioural and experiential interventions for in-patients (n=9) with either borderline or cluster C personality disorders (and axis I co-morbidities) treated in a (sub)acute psychiatric in-patient setting. We evaluated pre- and post-treatment self-report of maladaptive and adaptive schema modes (using the SMI) and early maladaptive schemas (YSQ-3), as well as overall symptom severity (brief symptom check list, BSCL-53-S), patient satisfaction (ZUF-8) and group climate and coherence (GCQ-S)...
February 3, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319762/growth-of-algal-biomass-in-laboratory-and-in-large-scale-algal-photobioreactors-in-the-temperate-climate-of-western-germany
#2
Christina Schreiber, Dominik Behrendt, Gregor Huber, Christian Pfaff, Janka Widzgowski, Bärbel Ackermann, Andreas Müller, Vilém Zachleder, Šárka Moudříková, Peter Mojzeš, Ulrich Schurr, Johan Grobbelaar, Ladislav Nedbal
Growth of Chlorella vulgaris was characterized as a function of irradiance in a laboratory turbidostat (1L) and compared to batch growth in sunlit modules (5-25L) of the commercial NOVAgreen photobioreactor. The effects of variable sunlight and culture density were deconvoluted by a mathematical model. The analysis showed that algal growth was light-limited due to shading by external construction elements and due to light attenuation within the algal bags. The model was also used to predict maximum biomass productivity...
March 7, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319720/expert-assessment-of-the-resilience-of-drinking-water-and-sanitation-systems-to-climate-related-hazards
#3
Jeanne Luh, Sarah Royster, Daniel Sebastian, Edema Ojomo, Jamie Bartram
We conducted an expert assessment to obtain expert opinions on the relative global resilience of ten drinking water and five sanitation technologies to the following six climate-related hazards: drought, decreased inter-annual precipitation, flood, superstorm flood, wind damage, and saline intrusion. Resilience scores ranged from 1.7 to 9.9 out of a maximum resilience of 10, with high scores corresponding to high resilience. We find that for some climate-related hazards, such as drought, technologies demonstrated a large range in resilience, indicating that the choice of water and sanitation technologies is important for areas prone to drought...
March 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319711/why-coastal-upwelling-is-expected-to-increase-along-the-western-iberian-peninsula-over-the-next-century
#4
Magda Catarina Sousa, Maite deCastro, Ines Alvarez, Moncho Gomez-Gesteira, João Miguel Dias
Former studies about coastal upwelling along the Western Iberian Peninsula (WIP) using historical data indicated contradictory results, showing either its strengthening or reduction, while previous studies using Global Climate Models (GCMs) indicated that global warming is likely to intensify this phenomenon although predicting different rates and not justifying the patterns found. Taking advantage of the recent high spatial resolution Regional Climate Models (RCMs) projections from EURO-CORDEX project (Representative Concentration Pathway, RCP 8...
March 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319710/glacial-lake-inventory-and-lake-outburst-potential-in-uzbekistan
#5
Maxim A Petrov, Timur Y Sabitov, Irina G Tomashevskaya, Gleb E Glazirin, Sergey S Chernomorets, Elena A Savernyuk, Olga V Tutubalina, Dmitriy A Petrakov, Leonid S Sokolov, Mikhail D Dokukin, Giorgos Mountrakis, Virginia Ruiz-Villanueva, Markus Stoffel
Climate change has been shown to increase the number of mountain lakes across various mountain ranges in the World. In Central Asia, and in particular on the territory of Uzbekistan, a detailed assessment of glacier lakes and their evolution over time is, however lacking. For this reason we created the first detailed inventory of mountain lakes of Uzbekistan based on recent (2002-2014) satellite observations using WorldView-2, SPOT5, and IKONOS imagery with a spatial resolution from 2 to 10m. This record was complemented with data from field studies of the last 50years...
March 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319704/assessing-the-drivers-shaping-global-patterns-of-urban-vegetation-landscape-structure
#6
C Dobbs, C Nitschke, D Kendal
Vegetation is one of the main resources involve in ecosystem functioning and providing ecosystem services in urban areas. Little is known on the landscape structure patterns of vegetation existing in urban areas at the global scale and the drivers of these patterns. We studied the landscape structure of one hundred cities around the globe, and their relation to demography (population), socioeconomic factors (GDP, Gini Index), climate factors (temperature and rain) and topographic characteristics (altitude, variation in altitude)...
March 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319700/soil-organic-carbon-distribution-in-mediterranean-areas-under-a-climate-change-scenario-via-multiple-linear-regression-analysis
#7
Alfonso Olaya-Abril, Luis Parras-Alcántara, Beatriz Lozano-García, Rafael Obregón-Romero
Over time, the interest on soil studies has increased due to its role in carbon sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems, which could contribute to decreasing atmospheric CO2 rates. In many studies, independent variables were related to soil organic carbon (SOC) alone, however, the contribution degree of each variable with the experimentally determined SOC content were not considered. In this study, samples from 612 soil profiles were obtained in a natural protected (Red Natura 2000) of Sierra Morena (Mediterranean area, South Spain), considering only the topsoil 0-25cm, for better comparison between results...
March 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319625/photoprotection-prevents-skin-cancer-let-s-make-it-fashionable-to-wear-sun-protective-clothing
#8
Jeffrey M Milch, Nicholas F Logemann
Protection from UV radiation (UVR) is of paramount importance in preventing skin cancers, the majority of which occur on sun-exposed areas of the face, ears, and neck. A reusable, inexpensive, and truly simple measure of personal protection that greatly reduces exposure to UVR, thereby reducing the risk for developing skin cancers, can be achieved simply by regularly wearing a wide-brimmed hat. In some areas of the world where sunny climates are pervasive and exposure to UVR is part of everyday life, fashion trends, policy, and public health initiatives are in sync, and photoprotection with wide-brimmed hats is embraced as a common and fashionable practice...
February 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319296/joint-effects-of-climate-variability-and-socio-ecological-factors-on-dengue-transmission-epidemiological-evidence
#9
REVIEW
Rokeya Akter, Wenbiao Hu, Suchithra Naish, Shahera Banu, Shilu Tong
OBJECTIVE: To assess the epidemiological evidence on the joint effects of climate variability and socio-ecological factors on dengue transmission. METHODS: Following PRISMA guidelines, a detailed literature search was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus. Peer-reviewed, freely available and full text articles, considering both climate and socio-ecological factors in relation to dengue, published in English from January 1993 to October 2015 were included in this review...
March 20, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319190/the-public-s-belief-in-climate-change-and-its-human-cause-are-increasing-over-time
#10
Taciano L Milfont, Marc S Wilson, Chris G Sibley
Polls examining public opinion on the subject of climate change are now commonplace, and one-off public opinion polls provide a snapshot of citizen's opinions that can inform policy and communication strategies. However, cross-sectional polls do not track opinions over time, thus making it impossible to ascertain whether key climate change beliefs held by the same group of individuals are changing or not. Here we examine the extent to which individual's level of agreement with two key beliefs ("climate change is real" and "climate change is caused by humans") remain stable or increase/decrease over a six-year period in New Zealand using latent growth curve modelling (n = 10,436)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319183/an-integrated-analysis-of-micro-and-macro-habitat-features-as-a-tool-to-detect-weather-driven-constraints-a-case-study-with-cavity-nesters
#11
D Campobello, J Lindström, R Di Maggio, M Sarà
The effects of climate change on animal populations may be shaped by habitat characteristics at both micro- and macro-habitat level, however, empirical studies integrating these two scales of observation are lacking. As analyses of the effects of climate change commonly rely on data from a much larger scale than the microhabitat level organisms are affected at, this mismatch risks hampering progress in developing understanding of the details of the ecological and evolutionary responses of organisms and, ultimately, effective actions to preserve their populations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318965/the-social-benefits-of-weee-re-use-schemes-a-cost-benefit-analysis-for-pcs-in-spain
#12
Xose Manuel González, Miguel Rodríguez, Yolanda Pena-Boquete
One goal of the new European legislation set out in WEEE Directive 2012/19/UE is the promotion of WEEE re-use schemes. However, some authors are rather sceptical about the contribution of WEEE re-use schemes to improve resource efficiency. In order to evaluate and to design adequate policy instruments, some authors recommend the cost-benefit analysis (CBA) as a compulsory first step. In this context, the main contribution of this paper is to enlarge the empirical literature by providing a CBA of re-use schemes versus recycling processes of PCs...
March 16, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318957/oceanic-meteorological-conditions-influence-incidence-of-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#13
Thierry Patrice, Bertrand Rozec, Hubert Desal, Yvonnick Blanloeil
OBJECTIVE: Publications concerning the weather pattern of occurrence of the subarachnoid hemorrhage have produced controversial results. We chose to study subarachnoid hemorrhage occurring in oceanic climate with deep variations focusing on partial oxygen volume (pO2) and patient history. METHODS: Seventy-one patients had been successively recruited from a single center 45 km from the Atlantic shore. Climate conditions had been analyzed from 72 hours before subarachnoid hemorrhage to 24 hours after...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318860/a-prospective-randomized-trial-comparing-liposomal-bupivacaine-vs-fascia-iliaca-compartment-block-for-postoperative-pain-control-in-total-hip-arthroplasty
#14
Molly A McGraw-Tatum, Michael T Groover, Nicole E George, John S Urse, Victor Heh
BACKGROUND: Increasing demand for total hip arthroplasty (THA) in a climate of increasing focus on clinical outcomes, patient satisfaction, and cost has created a need for better acute postoperative pain control for patients. An ideal pain control method would have few side effects, decreased opioid consumption, improved pain control, early ambulation, and decreased hospital length of stay (LOS). METHODS: We performed a prospective randomized, controlled study involving 79 patients undergoing elective THA between June 2015 and February 2016...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318768/clinical-development-strategy-for-a-candidate-group-a-streptococcal-vaccine
#15
REVIEW
Florian Schödel, Nicole J Moreland, Janet T Wittes, Kim Mulholland, Ian Frazer, Andrew C Steer, John D Fraser, Jonathan Carapetis
GroupA streptococci (GAS) cause a wide spectrum of diseases ranging from benign pharyngitis and skin infections to severe invasive disease and the immune sequelae rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease. Pharyngitis, one of the most frequent diseases caused by GAS, is highly prevalent in school-age children in temperate climates and a major cause of antibiotic use. An efficacious vaccine would reduce disease burden associated with pharyngitis and the need of care for sick children. Importantly, GAS pharyngitis is recognised as the main precursor for acute rheumatic fever so a vaccine that is efficacious against GAS pharyngitis should also prevent acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease...
March 16, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318700/effects-of-warming-and-nitrogen-deposition-on-ch4-co2-and-n2o-emissions-in-alpine-grassland-ecosystems-of-the-qinghai-tibetan-plateau
#16
Zhenzhen Zhao, Shikui Dong, Xiaoman Jiang, Shiliang Liu, Hanzhong Ji, Yu Li, Yuhui Han, Wei Sha
Increases in nitrogen (N) deposition along with climate warming can change the dynamics of carbon and nitrogen in the soil, and alter greenhouse gases (GHGs) fluxes. To examine how N deposition and warming affect GHGs (CH4, CO2 and N2O) fluxes in alpine grasslands, we conducted experiments in an alpine meadow (AM), alpine-steppe (AS), and alpine cultivated grassland (CG) on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP). We simulated N deposition by treating soil with ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3) (8kgNha(-1)year(-1)), a warming treatment using an open top chamber (OTC) was carried out, and a combined treatment of warming and N deposition (8kgNha(-1)year(-1)) was conducted...
March 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318692/characterization-and-source-identification-of-nitrogen-in-a-riverine-system-of-monsoon-climate-region-china
#17
Jie Yuan, Siyue Li, Xi Han, Qiuyang Chen, Xiaoli Cheng, Quanfa Zhang
There are increasing concerns in nitrogen (N) pollution worldwide, especially in aquatic ecosystems, and thus quantifying its sources in waterways is critical for pollution prevention and control. In this study, we investigated the spatio-temporal variabilities of inorganic N concentration (i.e., NO3(-), NH4(+)) and total dissolved N (TDN) and identified their sources in waters and suspended matters using an isotopical approach in the Jinshui River, a river with a length of 87km in the monsoon-climate region of China...
March 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318284/why-classroom-climate-matters-for-children-high-in-anxious-solitude-a-study-of-differential-susceptibility
#18
Kathleen Hughes, Robert J Coplan
The goal of the current study was to examine the complex links among anxious solitude, classroom climate, engagement, achievement, and gender. In particular, drawing upon the differential susceptibility hypothesis (Belsky, 1997), we investigated if children high in anxious solitude were particularly sensitive and responsive to the classroom environment. Participants were N = 712 children in Grade 3, drawn from the National Institute of Child and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development data set...
March 20, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318280/adjustment-between-work-demands-and-health-needs-development-of-the-work-health-balance-questionnaire
#19
Andrea Gragnano, Massimo Miglioretti, Monique H W Frings-Dresen, Angela G E M de Boer
PURPOSE: This study presented the construct of Work-Health Balance (WHB) and the design and validation of the Work-Health Balance Questionnaire (WHBq). More and more workers have a long-standing health problem or disability (LSHPD). The management of health needs and work demands is crucial for the quality of working life and work retention of these workers. However, no instrument exists measuring this process. The WHBq assesses key factors in the process of adjusting between health needs and work demands...
March 20, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318241/mitigating-greenhouse-gas-and-ammonia-emissions-from-swine-manure-management-a-system-analysis
#20
Yue Wang, Hongmin Dong, Zhiping Zhu, Pierre J Gerber, Hongwei Xin, Pete Smith, Carolyn Opio, Henning Steinfeld, Dave Chadwick
Gaseous emissions from animal manure are considerable contributor to global ammonia (NH3) and agriculture greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Given the demand to promote mitigation of GHGs while fostering sustainable development of the Paris Agreement, an improvement of management systems is urgently needed to help mitigate climate change and to improve atmospheric air quality. This study presents a meta-analysis and an integrated assessment of gaseous emissions and mitigation potentials for NH3, methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) (direct and indirect) losses from four typical swine manure management systems (MMSs)...
March 20, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
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