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Muslim ethics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678473/female-sexual-dysfunction-among-muslim-women-increasing-awareness-to-improve-overall-evaluation-and-treatment
#1
REVIEW
Sameena Rahman
INTRODUCTION: Muslim women are an increasingly underserved population in the United States and worldwide. Diagnosis and treatment of female sexual dysfunction bring unique challenges because of the conservative nature of those practicing the religion. Several cultural and religious codes of conduct affect sexual behavior and the dysfunction that can ensue. AIM: To assess and describe the types of sexual dysfunction that have been found in Muslim women internationally and encourage a better understanding of their issues to enhance health care delivery...
April 17, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650189/islamic-moral-judgement-on-abortion-and-its-nursing-applications-expository-analysis
#2
Mohamad Firdaus Mohamad Ismail, Abdurezak Abdullahi Hashi, Mohd Said Bin Nurumal, Muhammad Lokman Bin Md Isa
Health workers, like nurses are tasked to save the lives of their patients, however, there are instances in which health workers have to deal with difficult cases in taking a life, such as abortion. Scholars in the field of healthcare assert that abortion is morally justified if it is sought for health reasons. Nevertheless, there are a number of cases in which abortion is sought on other grounds other than health, such as the individual choice to do so. Can a nurse refuse to provide their professional service towards these people? This paper uses analytical and comparative methods to address ethical issues in abortion from the Islamic and conventional perspectives...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602091/developing-religiously-tailored-health-messages-for-behavioral-change-introducing-the-reframe-reprioritize-and-reform-3r-model
#3
Aasim I Padela, Sana Malik, Milkie Vu, Michael Quinn, Monica Peek
RATIONALE: As community health interventions advance from being faith-placed to authentically faith-based, greater discussion is needed about the theory, practice, and ethics of delivering health messages embedded within a religious worldview. While there is much potential to leverage religion to promote health behaviors and improve health outcomes, there is also a risk of co-opting religious teachings for strictly biomedical ends. OBJECTIVE: To describe the development, implementation, and ethical dimensions of a conceptual model for religiously-tailoring health messages...
March 21, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553445/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-palestinian-people-relating-to-organ-donation-in-2016-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Nidal Abukhaizaran, Mohammed Hashem, Osama Hroub, Souad Belkebir, Khaled Demyati
BACKGROUND: Organ transplantation is the treatment of choice for organ failure, but organs are scarce and their availability is affected by relational ties, religious beliefs, cultural influences, body integrity, medical mistrust, and other factors. This aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of Palestinian population with respect to organ donation. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we used a validated questionnaire delivered by land telephone to collect data on the knowledge, attitudes, and practices relating to organ donation in the general population of the West Bank...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553420/university-students-knowledge-of-corneal-donation-and-willingness-to-donate-corneas-in-the-occupied-palestinian-territory-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Liana Al-Labadi, Yazan Gammoh, Reham Shehada, Reem Shahin, Walaa Jbarah, Madleen Amro, Hanan Athamny
BACKGROUND: Access to corneal transplantation is limited worldwide because of poor knowledge. Ethical, religious, and cultural barriers contribute to low rates of corneal donation. In the occupied Palestinian territory, limited information is available on factors affecting corneal donation. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge and willingness towards corneal donation in Palestinian students. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included university students selected through convenience sampling in Nablus in the summer of 2016...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542433/is-lower-quality-clinical-care-ethically-justifiable-for-patients-residing-in-areas-with-infrastructure-deficits
#6
Marcia C Inhorn, Pasquale Patrizio
Reproductive health services, including infertility care, are important in countries with infrastructure deficits, such as Lebanon, which now hosts more than one million Syrian refugees. Islamic prohibitions on child adoption and third-party reproductive assistance (donor eggs, sperm, embryos, and surrogacy) mean that most Muslim couples must turn to in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) to overcome their childlessness. Attempts to bring low-cost IVF-ICSI to underserved populations might help infertile couples where no other services are available...
March 1, 2018: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456274/maintaining-disorder-the-micropolitics-of-drugs-policy-in-iran
#7
Maziyar Ghiabi
This article analyses the ways in which the state 'treats' addiction among precarious drug (ab)users in Iran. While most Muslim-majority as well as some Western states have been reluctant to adopt harm reduction measures, the Islamic Republic of Iran has done so on a nationwide scale and through a sophisticated system of welfare intervention. Additionally, it has introduced devices of management of 'addiction' (the 'camps') that defy statist modes of punishment and private violence. What legal and ethical framework has this new situation engendered? And what does this new situation tell us about the governmentality of the state? Through a combination of historical analysis and ethnographic fieldwork, the article analyses the paradigm of government of the Iranian state with regard to disorder as embodied by the lives of poor drug (ab)users...
2018: Third World Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417395/islamic-considerations-on-the-application-of-patient-s-autonomy-in-end-of-life-decision
#8
Mohammad Mustaqim Malek, Noor Naemah Abdul Rahman, Mohd Shahnaz Hasan, Luqman Haji Abdullah
In end-of-life situation, the need for patient's preference comes into the picture with the intention of guiding physicians in the direction of patient care. Preference in medical directive is made by a person with full mental capacity outlining what actions should be taken for his health should he loses his competency. This is based on the reality of universal paradigm in medical practice that emphasises patient's autonomy. A specific directive is produced according to a patient's wish that might include some ethically and religiously controversial directives such as mercy killing, physician-assisted suicide, forgoing life-supporting treatments and do-not-resuscitate...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404267/the-islamic-tradition-and-health-inequities-a-preliminary-conceptual-model-based-on-a-systematic-literature-review-of-muslim-health-care-disparities
#9
Aasim I Padela, Danish Zaidi
Objective: The objective of this study was to identify mechanisms by which Islamic beliefs, values, and Muslim identity might contribute to health inequities among Muslim populations. Methods: A systematic literature review of empirical studies in Medline from 1980 to 2009 was conducted. The search strategy used three terms covering health-care disparities, ethnicity, and location to uncover relevant papers. Results: A total of 171 articles were relevant based on titles and abstracts...
January 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058161/developing-an-islamic-research-ethics-framework
#10
Abbas Rattani, Adnan A Hyder
In surveying the medical literature on Islamic principles of research ethics, it is apparent that attempts to identify ethical principles are replete with issues of standards and gaps in knowledge of the uses of scriptural sources. Despite this, attempts at creating an Islamic ethical framework for research ethics may improve current practices in research in Muslim-majority countries and contribute to the growing canon of secular bioethics. This paper aims to identify principles and considerations within Islam that (1) overlap with current corpora on research ethics, and (2) further informs the current research ethics discourse...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043540/between-quality-of-life-and-hope-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-muslim-women-toward-withholding-and-withdrawing-life-sustaining-treatments
#11
REVIEW
Chaïma Ahaddour, Stef Van den Branden, Bert Broeckaert
The technological advances in medicine, including prolongation of life, have constituted several dilemmas at the end of life. In the context of the Belgian debates on end-of-life care, the views of Muslim women remain understudied. The aim of this article is fourfold. First, we seek to describe the beliefs and attitudes of middle-aged and elderly Moroccan Muslim women toward withholding and withdrawing life-sustaining treatments. Second, we aim to identify whether differences are observable among middle-aged and elderly women's attitudes toward withholding and withdrawing life-sustaining treatments...
October 17, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027672/inside-out-representational-ethics-and-diverse-communities
#12
Miryam Haarlammert, Dina Birman, Ashmeet Oberoi, Wendy Jordana Moore
The purpose of this paper is to write about insights and special considerations for researchers who are, to some degree, "insiders" to the communities they study by expanding on the concept of representational ethics as applied to research in community psychology with diverse and marginalized groups. Representational ethics refers to the ways that researchers, artists, or corporations represent the identities of the people they portray in their communications. As community psychologists we generate and disseminate knowledge about the communities we work with, and in that process, create narratives about the people who participate in our studies...
December 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915095/ethical-considerations-for-social-workers-working-with-muslim-refugees
#13
Jennifer Simmelink McCleary, Serena Chaudhry
In 2016 almost 39,000 Muslim refugees entered the United States, representing a record of admissions during a time of elevated anti-Muslim political rhetoric and public sentiment. Anti-Muslim attitudes and policies can affect refugees' ability to successfully resettle and contribute to decreased health status. Given the current social and political moment there is an ethical imperative for social workers to engage in resistance to anti-Muslim sentiment and the encoding of Islamophobia in resettlement policy...
2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868846/personhood-and-moral-status-of-the-embryo-it-s-effect-on-validity-of-surrogacy-contract-revocation-according-to-shia-jurisprudence-perspective
#14
Saeid Nazari Tavakkoli
Background: One of the most controversial issues related to the human embryo is the determination of the moment when an embryo is considered a human being and acquires a moral status. Although personhood and moral status are frequently mentioned in medical ethics, they are considered interdisciplinary as concepts that shape the debate in medical law (fiqh) since their consequences are influential in the way which the parents and other individuals behave towards the embryo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This analytical-descriptive research gathered relevant data in a literature search...
October 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861812/review-of-ordering-don-t-resuscitate-in-iranian-dying-patients
#15
Mohammad Ali Cheraghi, Fatemeh Bahramnezhad, Neda Mehrdad
Making decision on not to resuscitate is a confusing, conflicting and complex issue and depends on each country's culture and customs. Therefore, each country needs to take action in accordance with its cultural, ethical, religious and legal contexts to develop guidelines in this regard. Since the majority of Iran's people are Muslims, and in Islam, the human life is considered sacred, based on the values of the community, an Iranian Islamic agenda needs to be developed not taking measures about resuscitation of dying patients...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760245/hymenoplasty-and-muslim-patients-islamic-ethico-legal-perspectives
#16
REVIEW
Mohammad H Bawany, Aasim I Padela
BACKGROUND: Hymenoplasty, commonly called "revirginization," is a controversial procedure that pushes the scope of medical practice to satisfy cultural and/or religious "needs." AIM: To outline the sociocultural contexts underlying patient requests for hymenoplasty and present Islamic juridical views on the moral status of hymenoplasty for Muslim patients. METHODS: Narrative review of the extant bioethics literature and leading Islamic ethico-legal verdicts...
August 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748741/nursing-student-attitudes-toward-euthanasia-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Kazem Hosseinzadeh, Hossein Rafiei
BACKGROUND: Euthanasia is among the most common and controversial end-of-life care issues. Examining the attitudes of nursing students to this issue is important because they may well encounter these issues during the course of their clinical placements. Research aims: This study aims to examine the attitudes of a sample of Iranian nursing students towards euthanasia. RESEARCH DESIGN: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study. Participants and research context: Using convenience sampling, 382 Muslim nursing students were enrolled in this study...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444477/ethical-conflicts-in-the-treatment-of-fasting-muslim-patients-with-diabetes-during-ramadan
#18
Ilhan Ilkilic, Hakan Ertin
BACKGROUND: For an effective treatment of patients, quality-assured safe implementation of drug therapy is indispensable. Fasting during Ramadan, an essential religious practice for Muslims, affects Muslim diabetics' drug use in a number of different ways. OBJECTIVES: Ethical problems arising from fasting during the month of Ramadan for practicing Muslim patients are being discussed on the basis of extant research literature. Relevant conflicts of interest originating in this situation are being analysed from an ethical perspective...
December 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368865/a-bicultural-researcher-s-reflections-on-ethical-research-practices-with-muslim-immigrant-women-merging-boundaries-and-challenging-binaries
#19
Jordana Salma, Linda Ogilvie, Norah Keating, Kathleen F Hunter
Bicultural researchers are well positioned to identify tensions, disrupt binaries of positions, and reconcile differences across cultural contexts to ensure ethical research practices. This article focuses on a bicultural researcher's experiences of ethically important moments in research activities with Muslim immigrant women. Three ethical principles of respect, justice, and concern for welfare are highlighted, revealing the implications of binary constructions of identity, the value of situated knowledge in creating ethical research practices, and the need to recognize agency as a counterforce to oppressive narratives about Muslim women...
April 2017: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039957/social-responsibility-and-the-state-s-duty-to-provide-healthcare-an-islamic-ethico-legal-perspective
#20
Aasim I Padela
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization's (UNESCO) Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights asserts that governments are morally obliged to promote health and to provide access to quality healthcare, essential medicines and adequate nutrition and water to all members of society. According to UNESCO, this obligation is grounded in a moral commitment to promoting fundamental human rights and emerges from the principle of social responsibility. Yet in an era of ethical pluralism and contentions over the universality of human rights conventions, the extent to which the UNESCO Declaration can motivate behaviors and policies rests, at least in part, upon accepting the moral arguments it makes...
December 2017: Developing World Bioethics
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