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Muslim ethics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027672/inside-out-representational-ethics-and-diverse-communities
#1
Miryam Haarlammert, Dina Birman, Ashmeet Oberoi, Wendy Jordana Moore
The purpose of this paper is to write about insights and special considerations for researchers who are, to some degree, "insiders" to the communities they study by expanding on the concept of representational ethics as applied to research in community psychology with diverse and marginalized groups. Representational ethics refers to the ways that researchers, artists, or corporations represent the identities of the people they portray in their communications. As community psychologists we generate and disseminate knowledge about the communities we work with, and in that process, create narratives about the people who participate in our studies...
October 13, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915095/ethical-considerations-for-social-workers-working-with-muslim-refugees
#2
Jennifer Simmelink McCleary, Serena Chaudhry
In 2016 almost 39,000 Muslim refugees entered the United States, representing a record of admissions during a time of elevated anti-Muslim political rhetoric and public sentiment. Anti-Muslim attitudes and policies can affect refugees' ability to successfully resettle and contribute to decreased health status. Given the current social and political moment there is an ethical imperative for social workers to engage in resistance to anti-Muslim sentiment and the encoding of Islamophobia in resettlement policy...
2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868846/personhood-and-moral-status-of-the-embryo-it-s-effect-on-validity-of-surrogacy-contract-revocation-according-to-shia-jurisprudence-perspective
#3
Saeid Nazari Tavakkoli
Background: One of the most controversial issues related to the human embryo is the determination of the moment when an embryo is considered a human being and acquires a moral status. Although personhood and moral status are frequently mentioned in medical ethics, they are considered interdisciplinary as concepts that shape the debate in medical law (fiqh) since their consequences are influential in the way which the parents and other individuals behave towards the embryo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This analytical-descriptive research gathered relevant data in a literature search...
October 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861812/review-of-ordering-don-t-resuscitate-in-iranian-dying-patients
#4
Mohammad Ali Cheraghi, Fatemeh Bahramnezhad, Neda Mehrdad
Making decision on not to resuscitate is a confusing, conflicting and complex issue and depends on each country's culture and customs. Therefore, each country needs to take action in accordance with its cultural, ethical, religious and legal contexts to develop guidelines in this regard. Since the majority of Iran's people are Muslims, and in Islam, the human life is considered sacred, based on the values of the community, an Iranian Islamic agenda needs to be developed not taking measures about resuscitation of dying patients...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760245/hymenoplasty-and-muslim-patients-islamic-ethico-legal-perspectives
#5
Mohammad H Bawany, Aasim I Padela
BACKGROUND: Hymenoplasty, commonly called "revirginization," is a controversial procedure that pushes the scope of medical practice to satisfy cultural and/or religious "needs." AIM: To outline the sociocultural contexts underlying patient requests for hymenoplasty and present Islamic juridical views on the moral status of hymenoplasty for Muslim patients. METHODS: Narrative review of the extant bioethics literature and leading Islamic ethico-legal verdicts...
August 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748741/nursing-student-attitudes-toward-euthanasia-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Kazem Hosseinzadeh, Hossein Rafiei
BACKGROUND: Euthanasia is among the most common and controversial end-of-life care issues. Examining the attitudes of nursing students to this issue is important because they may well encounter these issues during the course of their clinical placements. Research aims: This study aims to examine the attitudes of a sample of Iranian nursing students towards euthanasia. RESEARCH DESIGN: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study. Participants and research context: Using convenience sampling, 382 Muslim nursing students were enrolled in this study...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444477/ethical-conflicts-in-the-treatment-of-fasting-muslim-patients-with-diabetes-during-ramadan
#7
Ilhan Ilkilic, Hakan Ertin
BACKGROUND: For an effective treatment of patients, quality-assured safe implementation of drug therapy is indispensable. Fasting during Ramadan, an essential religious practice for Muslims, affects Muslim diabetics' drug use in a number of different ways. OBJECTIVES: Ethical problems arising from fasting during the month of Ramadan for practicing Muslim patients are being discussed on the basis of extant research literature. Relevant conflicts of interest originating in this situation are being analysed from an ethical perspective...
April 25, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368865/a-bicultural-researcher-s-reflections-on-ethical-research-practices-with-muslim-immigrant-women-merging-boundaries-and-challenging-binaries
#8
Jordana Salma, Linda Ogilvie, Norah Keating, Kathleen F Hunter
Bicultural researchers are well positioned to identify tensions, disrupt binaries of positions, and reconcile differences across cultural contexts to ensure ethical research practices. This article focuses on a bicultural researcher's experiences of ethically important moments in research activities with Muslim immigrant women. Three ethical principles of respect, justice, and concern for welfare are highlighted, revealing the implications of binary constructions of identity, the value of situated knowledge in creating ethical research practices, and the need to recognize agency as a counterforce to oppressive narratives about Muslim women...
April 2017: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039957/social-responsibility-and-the-state-s-duty-to-provide-healthcare-an-islamic-ethico-legal-perspective
#9
Aasim I Padela
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization's (UNESCO) Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights asserts that governments are morally obliged to promote health and to provide access to quality healthcare, essential medicines and adequate nutrition and water to all members of society. According to UNESCO, this obligation is grounded in a moral commitment to promoting fundamental human rights and emerges from the principle of social responsibility. Yet in an era of ethical pluralism and contentions over the universality of human rights conventions, the extent to which the UNESCO Declaration can motivate behaviors and policies rests, at least in part, upon accepting the moral arguments it makes...
December 30, 2016: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981160/a-brief-encounter-with-the-middle-east-a-narrative-of-one-muslim-woman-diagnosed-with-breast-cancer
#10
Lea Baider, Gil Goldzweig
One of the major challenges the healthcare profession face is understanding the variability and different meanings of the concepts of age and aging within different cultural, social, religious, and ethical contexts. People over the age of 65 in the Middle Eastern countries are estimated to comprise 4.7% of the population and are expected to grow rapidly. In the Middle East, cancer is the leading cause of death among women aged 40-79 and one of the leading causes of death for women over 70 years of age. Many women in the Middle East live within a system of religious values and moral perceptions based on an intergenerational family structure and clear family roles...
April 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858594/the-attitudes-of-nursing-students-to-euthanasia
#11
Ladan Naseh, Mohammad Heidari
One of the most common morally controversial issues in endof-life care is euthanasia. Examining the attitudes of nursing students to this issue is important because they may encounter situations related to euthanasia during their clinical courses. The aim of our study was to examine nursing students' attitudes to euthanasia in Shahrekord city in western Iran. This was done using the Euthanasia Attitude Scale. The scale is divided into four categories, ie ethical considerations, practical considerations, treasuring life and naturalistic beliefs...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762091/reexamining-the-prohibition-of-gestational-surrogacy-in-sunni-islam
#12
Ruaim A Muaygil
Advances in reproductive medicine have provided new, and much needed, hope for millions of people struggling with infertility. Gestational surrogacy is one such development that has been gaining popularity with infertile couples, especially those unable to benefit from other reproductive procedures such as In Vitro Fertilization. For many Muslim couples, however, surrogacy remains a nonviable option. Islamic scholars have deemed the procedure incompatible with Islam and have prohibited its use. This paper examines the arguments presented for proscribing surrogacy arrangements in Sunni Islam in particular...
August 2017: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716560/the-perception-and-acceptability-of-pre-slaughter-and-post-slaughter-stunning-for-halal-production-the-views-of-uk-islamic-scholars-and-halal-consumers
#13
Awal Fuseini, Steve B Wotton, Phil J Hadley, Toby G Knowles
The importance of religious slaughter from economic, emotive and ethical viewpoints is significant. There are apparent economic benefits associated with trading in meats slaughtered according to religious traditions. Some religious authorities insist on the slaughter of animals without stunning, but this, according to many researchers, compromises animal welfare. We conducted a survey of Islamic scholars and Halal consumers, 66 scholars from 55 organisations and 314 consumers from 54 UK cities/towns were surveyed...
January 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613411/islamic-perspectives-on-clinical-intervention-near-the-end-of-life-we-can-but-must-we
#14
Aasim I Padela, Omar Qureshi
The ever-increasing technological advances of modern medicine have increased physicians' capacity to carry out a wide array of clinical interventions near the end-of-life. These new procedures have resulted in new "types" of living where a patient's cognitive functions are severely diminished although many physiological functions remain active. In this biomedical context, patients, surrogate decision-makers, and clinicians all struggle with decisions about what clinical interventions to pursue and when therapeutic intent should be replaced with palliative goals of care...
September 9, 2016: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540319/a-preliminary-insight-into-an-islamic-mechanism-for-neuroethics
#15
Azizan Baharuddin, Mohd Noor Musa, Sm Saifuddeen Sm Salleh
Muslim relies on the structure or guideline of shari'ah or the maqasid al-shariah, which consist of five essential values, namely preservation/protection of faith, life, intellect, property, and dignity/lineage - to guide them in discovering guiding principles for new concerns such as posed by neuroscience. Like in the case of brain imaging technology, there is in need for proper explanation within Islamic and among the Muslim scientists/scholars on how Islamic beliefs, values, and practices might cumulatively provide 'different' meanings to the practice and application of this technology, or whether it is in line with the shari'ah - in the context of preservation of health and protection of disease...
January 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538551/ethical-issues-in-knowledge-perceptions-and-exposure-to-hospital-hazards-by-patient-relatives-in-a-tertiary-institution-in-north-western-nigeria
#16
Aom Oyefabi, B S Yahuza
INTRODUCTION: Patient relatives are a significant part of the health care team in any hospital setting. This study determines their knowledge, perceptions, and factors responsible for their exposure to health hazards at the Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital (ABUTH), Zaria, Kaduna State. The outcome of this study is intended to help the hospital managers to have a reference to make plans for the patient relatives' welfare and also address the ethical issues regarding patients' relatives safety while in the hospital...
September 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522844/modesty-among-muslim-women-implications-for-nursing-care
#17
Alaa Mujallad, Elizabeth Johnston Taylor
Modesty is central to Islamic life. Modesty is exemplified in dress and behavior with persons of the opposite sex. Because ethical nursing care requires respecting patient culture and religiosity, nurses should be able to provide care that respects Muslim interpretations of modesty.
May 2016: Medsurg Nursing: Official Journal of the Academy of Medical-Surgical Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27427782/collusion-torture-and-inequality-understanding-the-actions-of-the-american-psychological-association-as-institutional-betrayal
#18
Jennifer M Gómez, Carly P Smith, Robyn L Gobin, Shin Shin Tang, Jennifer J Freyd
The Hoffman Report (Hoffman et al., 2015) documented devastating information about the American Psychological Association (APA) and the profession of psychology in the United States, prompting a public apology and a formal commitment by APA to correct its mistakes (APA, 2015). In the current article, we utilize betrayal trauma theory (Freyd, 1997), including betrayal blindness (e.g., Freyd, 1996; Tang, 2015) and institutional betrayal (Smith & Freyd, 2014b), to understand and learn from APA's behaviors. We further situate this discussion in the context of inequality, both within APA and in American society generally...
October 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390616/conceptualization-of-idle-laghw-and-its-relation-to-medical-futility
#19
Mohsen Rezaei Aderyani, Mohsen Javadi, Saeid Nazari Tavakkoli, Mehrzad Kiani, Mahmood Abbasi
A major debate in medical ethics is the request for futile treatment. The topic of medical futility requires discrete assessment in Iran for at least two reasons. First, the common principles and foundations of medical ethics have taken shape in the context of Western culture and secularism. Accordingly, the implementation of the same guidelines and codes of medical ethics as Western societies in Muslim communities does not seem rational. Second, the challenges arising in health service settings are divergent across different countries...
2016: Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375727/trends-of-contraception-among-ladies-of-local-population-in-pakistan-why-how-when-and-what
#20
Khaula Atif, Afeera Afsheen, Syed Abid Hassan Naqvi, Saleem Asif Niazi, Habib Ullah Khan
OBJECTIVE: To analyze trends of use of methods of contraception along with study of impact of various demographic and social factors on contraception in Peshawar, Pakistan. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study with random purposive sampling was conducted at Combined Military Hospital Peshawar, from Mar 2015-Nov 2015. Self-designed questionnaire with demographic details and questions pertinent to contraceptive practices was utilized as study instrument. Females reporting to concerned hospital for contraceptive advice and prescription were distributed with questionnaire and written informed consent form...
May 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
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