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Islamic ethics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736869/muslim-physicians-and-palliative-care-attitudes-towards-the-use-of-palliative-sedation
#1
George Muishout, Hanneke W M van Laarhoven, Gerard Wiegers, Ulrike Popp-Baier
BACKGROUND: Muslim norms concerning palliative sedation can differ from secular and non-Muslim perceptions. Muslim physicians working in a Western environment are expected to administer palliative sedation when medically indicated. Therefore, they can experience tension between religious and medical norms. OBJECTIVE: To gain insight into the professional experiences of Muslim physicians with palliative sedation in terms of religious and professional norms. DESIGN: Interpretative phenomenological study using semi-structured interviews to take a closer look at the experiences of Muslim physicians with palliative sedation...
May 8, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705771/spatial-and-temporal-variation-in-the-community-prevalence-of-antibiotic-resistance-in-bangladesh-an-integrated-surveillance-study-protocol
#2
Emily Rousham, Leanne Unicomb, Paul Wood, Michael Smith, Muhammad Asaduzzaman, Mohammad Aminul Islam
INTRODUCTION: Increasing antibiotic resistance (ABR) in low-income and middle-income countries such as Bangladesh presents a major health threat. However, assessing the scale of the health risk is problematic in the absence of reliable data on the community prevalence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. We describe the protocol for a small-scale integrated surveillance programme that aims to quantify the prevalence of colonisation with antibiotic-resistant bacteria and concentrations of antibiotic-resistant genes from a 'One Health' perspective...
April 28, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700851/-accept-and-utilize-alternative-medicine-minimality-and-ethics-in-an-indonesian-healing-collective
#3
Nicholas J Long
Cosmopolitan forms of alternative medicine have become very popular in contemporary Indonesia. Many healers have trained in an eclectic range of techniques, predicated on ontological claims so diverse that they call each other's legitimacy into question. This article explores how a collective of alternative healers in central Java navigated the quandaries presented by such therapeutic eclecticism over a six-year period. Healers' engagement with, or indifference toward, the principles underpinning therapeutic efficacy fluctuated in ways that allowed them to surmount the dilemmas of Islamization, the changing demographic of their collective's membership, and the threat of commercialization, thereby maintaining a medical landscape in which alternative healing was widely available and accessible...
April 26, 2018: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678473/female-sexual-dysfunction-among-muslim-women-increasing-awareness-to-improve-overall-evaluation-and-treatment
#4
REVIEW
Sameena Rahman
INTRODUCTION: Muslim women are an increasingly underserved population in the United States and worldwide. Diagnosis and treatment of female sexual dysfunction bring unique challenges because of the conservative nature of those practicing the religion. Several cultural and religious codes of conduct affect sexual behavior and the dysfunction that can ensue. AIM: To assess and describe the types of sexual dysfunction that have been found in Muslim women internationally and encourage a better understanding of their issues to enhance health care delivery...
April 17, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650189/islamic-moral-judgement-on-abortion-and-its-nursing-applications-expository-analysis
#5
Mohamad Firdaus Mohamad Ismail, Abdurezak Abdullahi Hashi, Mohd Said Bin Nurumal, Muhammad Lokman Bin Md Isa
Health workers, like nurses are tasked to save the lives of their patients, however, there are instances in which health workers have to deal with difficult cases in taking a life, such as abortion. Scholars in the field of healthcare assert that abortion is morally justified if it is sought for health reasons. Nevertheless, there are a number of cases in which abortion is sought on other grounds other than health, such as the individual choice to do so. Can a nurse refuse to provide their professional service towards these people? This paper uses analytical and comparative methods to address ethical issues in abortion from the Islamic and conventional perspectives...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596538/self-reported-cheating-among-medical-students-an-alarming-finding-in-a-cross-sectional-study-from-saudi-arabia
#6
Hamza Mohammad Abdulghani, Shafiul Haque, Yousef Abdullah Almusalam, Saleh Lafi Alanezi, Yazeed Abdulaziz Alsulaiman, Mohammad Irshad, Shaffi Ahmed Shaik, Nehal Khamis
Academic misconduct/dishonesty has become widespread behavior among many university students across the globe, and medical education is not an exception. Until recently, few efforts have been made to study the dishonest behavior in Middle-Eastern universities. This study examined the prevalence and predisposing factors of cheating among medical students in Saudi Arabia and suggests suitable preventive measures. A cross-sectional survey-based study was conducted at a government medical college during the 2014-2015 academic year...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577583/conscientious-objection-in-reproductive-health-ancient-prerogative-or-harmful-practice
#7
John M Thorp
As the ethics of Medicine arose from philosophical seeds of thought around 500 BC, the Oath of Hippocrates called upon individual physician conscience to place patient well-being first and "do no harm". In the centuries since, this profound statement of ethics has been embraced and molded by Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, and Christianity. It remains pertinent to the vastly different and effective medical practice of the modern world such that many medical schools around the world still incorporate it into the graduation of future physicians...
March 26, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542433/is-lower-quality-clinical-care-ethically-justifiable-for-patients-residing-in-areas-with-infrastructure-deficits
#8
Marcia C Inhorn, Pasquale Patrizio
Reproductive health services, including infertility care, are important in countries with infrastructure deficits, such as Lebanon, which now hosts more than one million Syrian refugees. Islamic prohibitions on child adoption and third-party reproductive assistance (donor eggs, sperm, embryos, and surrogacy) mean that most Muslim couples must turn to in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) to overcome their childlessness. Attempts to bring low-cost IVF-ICSI to underserved populations might help infertile couples where no other services are available...
March 1, 2018: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459602/pattern-and-extent-of-tricuspid-valve-involvement-in-chronic-rheumatic-heart-disease
#9
M B Rashid, T Parvin, C M Ahmed, M J Islam, M M Monwar, K K Karmoker, R Parveen, S S Shakil, M N Hasan
Rheumatic heart disease causes a significant number of morbidity and mortality in Bangladesh. Although the mitral and the aortic valve are the two most involved valves in rheumatic heart disease, the tricuspid valve disease is not uncommon secondary to, or in association with, mitral or aortic valve disease, but receives less attention as compared to the primary left-sided valve disease. Appropriate treatment of the tricuspid valve disease may improve long-term functional outcome. But the pattern and extent of the tricuspid valve involvement was not studied recently...
January 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456274/maintaining-disorder-the-micropolitics-of-drugs-policy-in-iran
#10
Maziyar Ghiabi
This article analyses the ways in which the state 'treats' addiction among precarious drug (ab)users in Iran. While most Muslim-majority as well as some Western states have been reluctant to adopt harm reduction measures, the Islamic Republic of Iran has done so on a nationwide scale and through a sophisticated system of welfare intervention. Additionally, it has introduced devices of management of 'addiction' (the 'camps') that defy statist modes of punishment and private violence. What legal and ethical framework has this new situation engendered? And what does this new situation tell us about the governmentality of the state? Through a combination of historical analysis and ethnographic fieldwork, the article analyses the paradigm of government of the Iranian state with regard to disorder as embodied by the lives of poor drug (ab)users...
2018: Third World Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417395/islamic-considerations-on-the-application-of-patient-s-autonomy-in-end-of-life-decision
#11
Mohammad Mustaqim Malek, Noor Naemah Abdul Rahman, Mohd Shahnaz Hasan, Luqman Haji Abdullah
In end-of-life situation, the need for patient's preference comes into the picture with the intention of guiding physicians in the direction of patient care. Preference in medical directive is made by a person with full mental capacity outlining what actions should be taken for his health should he loses his competency. This is based on the reality of universal paradigm in medical practice that emphasises patient's autonomy. A specific directive is produced according to a patient's wish that might include some ethically and religiously controversial directives such as mercy killing, physician-assisted suicide, forgoing life-supporting treatments and do-not-resuscitate...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404267/the-islamic-tradition-and-health-inequities-a-preliminary-conceptual-model-based-on-a-systematic-literature-review-of-muslim-health-care-disparities
#12
Aasim I Padela, Danish Zaidi
Objective: The objective of this study was to identify mechanisms by which Islamic beliefs, values, and Muslim identity might contribute to health inequities among Muslim populations. Methods: A systematic literature review of empirical studies in Medline from 1980 to 2009 was conducted. The search strategy used three terms covering health-care disparities, ethnicity, and location to uncover relevant papers. Results: A total of 171 articles were relevant based on titles and abstracts...
January 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402116/rhazes-a-pioneer-in-contribution-to-trials-in-medical-practice
#13
REVIEW
Farzaneh Ghaffari, Mohsen Naseri, Razieh Jafari Hajati, Arman Zargaran
Medical history explains that Persian physicians used scientific methods based on clinical experiences and observations for treatment from pre-Islamic time (before 637 AD) and centuries later (in the Islamic era). Rhazes was one of the Persian physicians acknowledged as a pharmacist, chemist and prominent scientific writer on various subjects of medicine and philosophy. In this study, we aimed to investigate clinical experiences, as well as the ethical and critical views of Rhazes in medical practice. Rhazes promoted ethics in the medical profession...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381922/immediate-versus-deferred-stenting-for-patients-undergoing-primary-or-emergent-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Yong Liu, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam, Clara K Chow, Shiqun Chen, Muhammad Umer Siddiqui, Qiang Li, Kai-Yang Lin, Kun Wang, Guoli Sun, Ying-Ling Zhou, Jiyan Chen, David Brieger
INTRODUCTION: Primary or emergent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stenting is the standard treatment for patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) or non-STEMI acute coronary syndromes (ACS) at high risk. The value of delayed stenting following balloon-facilitated reperfusion in these patients is largely unknown. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This systematic review aims to assess whether delayed stenting (vs immediate stenting) improves angiographic and cardiovascular clinical outcomes for patients with STEMI or non-STEMI ACS undergoing primary or emergent PCI...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273657/optimising-technology-to-measure-functional-vision-mobility-and-service-outcomes-for-people-with-low-vision-or-blindness-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-australia-and-malaysia
#15
Lil Deverell, Denny Meyer, Bee Theng Lau, Abdullah Al Mahmud, Suku Sukunesan, Jahar Bhowmik, Almon Chai, Chris McCarthy, Pan Zheng, Andrew Pipingas, Fakir M Amirul Islam
INTRODUCTION: Orientation and mobility (O&M) specialists assess the functional vision and O&M skills of people with mobility problems, usually relating to low vision or blindness. There are numerous O&M assessment checklists but no measures that reduce qualitative assessment data to a single comparable score suitable for assessing any O&M client, of any age or ability, in any location. Functional measures are needed internationally to align O&M assessment practices, guide referrals, profile O&M clients, plan appropriate services and evaluate outcomes from O&M programmes (eg, long cane training), assistive technology (eg, hazard sensors) and medical interventions (eg, retinal implants)...
December 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197882/islamic-medical-jurisprudence-syllabus-a-review-in-saudi-arabia
#16
H Chamsi-Pasha, M A Albar
INTRODUCTION: The ever-increasing technological advances of Western medicine have created new ethical issues awaiting answers and response. The use of genetic therapy, organ transplant, milk-banking, end-of-life care and euthanasia are of paramount importance to the medical students and need to be addressed. METHODS: A series of searches were conducted of Medline databases published in English between January 2000 and January 2017 with the following keywords: medical ethics, syllabus, Islam, jurisprudence...
October 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149146/dexamethasone-and-dexmedetomidine-as-an-adjuvant-to-intraarticular-bupivacaine-for-postoperative-pain-relief-in-knee-arthroscopic-surgery-a-randomized-trial
#17
Seham M Moeen, Islam K Ramadan, Hesham A Elkady
BACKGROUND: Knee arthroscopy causes minimal trauma, however, good analgesia is required for early rehabilitation and return to normal life in the patients. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare the analgesic effects of intraarticular dexamethasone and dexmedetomidine added to bupivacaine with those of bupivacaine alone. STUDY DESIGN: This study uses a double-blind, randomized, controlled design with allocation concealment in a 3-armed parallel group format among patients undergoing arthroscopic meniscal surgery...
November 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127672/responsible-conduct-of-human-subjects-research-in-islamic-communities
#18
Aceil Al-Khatib, Michael Kalichman
In order to increase understanding of the ethical implications of biomedical, behavioral and clinical research, the Fogarty International Center, part of the United States National Institutes of Health, established an International Research Ethics Education and Curriculum Development Award (R25) to support programs in low- and middle-income countries. To develop research ethics expertise in Jordan, the University of California San Diego fellowship program in collaboration with Jordan University of Science and Technology provides courses that enable participants to develop skills in varied research ethics topics, including research with human subjects...
November 10, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058161/developing-an-islamic-research-ethics-framework
#19
Abbas Rattani, Adnan A Hyder
In surveying the medical literature on Islamic principles of research ethics, it is apparent that attempts to identify ethical principles are replete with issues of standards and gaps in knowledge of the uses of scriptural sources. Despite this, attempts at creating an Islamic ethical framework for research ethics may improve current practices in research in Muslim-majority countries and contribute to the growing canon of secular bioethics. This paper aims to identify principles and considerations within Islam that (1) overlap with current corpora on research ethics, and (2) further informs the current research ethics discourse...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043540/between-quality-of-life-and-hope-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-muslim-women-toward-withholding-and-withdrawing-life-sustaining-treatments
#20
REVIEW
Chaïma Ahaddour, Stef Van den Branden, Bert Broeckaert
The technological advances in medicine, including prolongation of life, have constituted several dilemmas at the end of life. In the context of the Belgian debates on end-of-life care, the views of Muslim women remain understudied. The aim of this article is fourfold. First, we seek to describe the beliefs and attitudes of middle-aged and elderly Moroccan Muslim women toward withholding and withdrawing life-sustaining treatments. Second, we aim to identify whether differences are observable among middle-aged and elderly women's attitudes toward withholding and withdrawing life-sustaining treatments...
October 17, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
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