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Islamic ethics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720025/perspectives-on-induced-abortion-among-palestinian-women-religion-culture-and-access-in-the-occupied-palestinian-territories
#1
Sarrah Shahawy, Megan B Diamond
Induced abortion is an important public health issue in the occupied Palestinian territories (OPT), where it is illegal in most cases. This study was designed to elicit the views of Palestinian women on induced abortion given the unique religious, ethical and social challenges in the OPT. Sixty Palestinian women were interviewed on their perceptions of the religious implications, social consequences and accessibility of induced abortions in the OPT at Al-Makassed Islamic Charitable Hospital in East Jerusalem...
July 19, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694841/islam-mental-health-and-law-a-general-overview
#2
REVIEW
Georgios A Tzeferakos, Athanasios I Douzenis
Islam is the dominant religion in about 56 countries around the globe, and has more than 1.2 billion followers. Islam represents a holistic way of life, and according to a large proportion of its followers, the Islamic law or Shari'ah should prevail over secular law and should be implemented as state law. The etymological root of the word Shari'ah can be traced back to the harsh life in the desert and it means "pathway to be followed" or "path to the water hole," since the water was the basic element and preserver of life...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670524/attitudes-of-infertile-couples-fertility-clinic-staff-and-researchers-toward-personhood-of-the-human-embryo-in-iran
#3
Marjaneh Kayssan, Mahrokh Dolatian, Reza Omani Samani, Saman Maroufizadeh
OBJECTIVE: After the introduction of assisted reproductive techniques, human embryos were officially introduced into laboratories and now thousands of them are cryopreserved in such settings. Embryonic stem cells and the future application of such cells in the treatment of disease opened the door to further research on human embryos. These developments raise many ethical issues, some of which have religious aspects. The main question is: what is the embryo? Should we consider it a human being? Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate attitudes towards the personhood of the embryo...
July 2017: Cell Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607637/the-perceived-stress-and-approach-to-learning-effects-on-academic-performance-among-sudanese-medical-students
#4
Hyder Osman Mirghni, Mohammed Adam Ahmed Elnour
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing awareness of the perceived stress and approach to learning effects on academic achievement. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the educational environment and approach to learning in clinical phase medical students. METHODS: This comparative cross-sectional study was conducted among fifty-nine clinical stage medical students at Omdurman Islamic University (Khartoum, Sudan) during the period from June to August 2016...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600374/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-pelvic-floor-disorders-in-community-dwelling-women-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-protocol-study
#5
Rakibul M Islam, John Oldroyd, Md Nazmul Karim, Sultana Monira Hossain, Dewan Md Emdadul Hoque, Lorena Romero, Jane Fisher
INTRODUCTION: Pelvic floor disorders (PFDs) including urinary incontinence, faecal incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse are common debilitating conditions among women in high-income countries. However, PFDs in women in low/middle-income countries (LMICs) have not been studied extensively. We aim to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the available literature to determine the prevalence of, and/or risk factors for, PFDs in women in LMIC. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will search electronic databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Maternity & Infant Care and Google Scholar for eligible studies...
June 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541787/ethics-and-oncofertility-a-call-for-religious-sensitivity
#6
Michele R Hanselin, Deborah L Roybal, Thomas B Leininger
For patients of reproductive age, treating cancer may come at the price of infertility. Literature regarding fertility preservation recommendations in this population has increased significantly, but this literature too often overlooks or insufficiently considers the relevance of religious preferences. Similarly, practice guidelines do not address the role of religion in the oncofertility discussion. The acceptance of oncofertility practices varies significantly among Christianity, Judaism, and Islam. A patient's faith-based spirituality or secular morality may enhance his or her interpretation of the meaning of illness and should be incorporated into the informed-consent process...
July 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468022/from-conflict-and-misunderstanding-to-respect
#7
Ivan Cvitković
Sociologists of the 19(th) and the 20(th) centuries were tackling the relation between science and religion. A few models of these relations were offered, by which the monopoly over the truth by any one of those is crashed. Therefore, there are a few models but each is with lots of limitations. None is sufficient to explain the relation between the science and religion, but each contributes to certain extent to better understanding of those relations. Almost every one of the interpretations was under the influence of the social (particularly ideological and political) conditions in which they were emerging...
April 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456853/cultured-meat-in-islamic-perspective
#8
Mohammad Naqib Hamdan, Mark J Post, Mohd Anuar Ramli, Amin Rukaini Mustafa
Cultured meat is a promising product that is derived through biotechnology that partially circumvents animal physiology, thereby being potentially more sustainable, environmentally friendly and animal friendly than traditional livestock meat. Such a novel technology that can impact many consumers evokes ethical, philosophical and religious discussions. For the Islamic community, the crucial question is whether cultured meat is halal, meaning compliant with Islamic laws. Since the culturing of meat is a new discovery, invention and innovation by scientists that has never been discussed by classical jurists (fuqaha'), an ijtihad by contemporary jurists must look for and provide answers for every technology introduced, whether it comply the requirements of Islamic law or not...
April 29, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276614/adherence-to-confidentiality-principles-from-the-viewpoint-of-iranian-dental-students-a-multicenter-study
#9
A Ghodousi, M Abedzadeh, M Ketabi, Parichehr Zarean, Paridokht Zarean
INTRODUCTION: Confidentiality is a basic ethical principle appreciating human autonomy, relationships, and dignity and in medical research has a long history. In dental practice, it has the same importance as medical field. Therefore, providing patients with information about the confidentiality will promote their confidence in dental professionals and prevent legal conflicts. The present study sought to evaluate the knowledge and viewpoints of dental students about patient confidentiality...
March 9, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251226/awareness-of-do-not-resuscitate-orders-in-the-outpatient-setting-in-saudi-arabia-perception-and-implications
#10
Mohammed A Al Sheef, Maha S Al Sharqi, Lina H Al Sharief, Tharaa Y Takrouni, Arshad M Mian
To determine the level of awareness of outpatients, their preferences regarding the appropriate time for discussions regarding do-not-resuscitate (DNR) order  in Saudi Arabia. Methods: This cross-sectional, self-administered survey was conducted at King Fahd Medical City, a tertiary care hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia between December 2012 and January 2013. Demographic parameters of the participants were analyzed by frequency distribution, and the data on their responses by percentage analysis. Results: The survey participants constituted 307 randomly selected outpatients/caregivers presenting for outpatient care at primary and tertiary care centers, 70% were female...
March 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039957/social-responsibility-and-the-state-s-duty-to-provide-healthcare-an-islamic-ethico-legal-perspective
#11
Aasim I Padela
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization's (UNESCO) Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights asserts that governments are morally obliged to promote health and to provide access to quality healthcare, essential medicines and adequate nutrition and water to all members of society. According to UNESCO, this obligation is grounded in a moral commitment to promoting fundamental human rights and emerges from the principle of social responsibility. Yet in an era of ethical pluralism and contentions over the universality of human rights conventions, the extent to which the UNESCO Declaration can motivate behaviors and policies rests, at least in part, upon accepting the moral arguments it makes...
December 30, 2016: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967227/sodium-and-water-imbalance-after-sellar-suprasellar-and-parasellar-surgery
#12
Zareen Kiran, Aisha Sheikh, Sehrish Nizar Ali Momin, Isra Majeed, Safia Awan, Owais Rashid, Najmul Islam
OBJECTIVE: To report the frequency of sodium and water disturbances (SWDs) in patients undergoing sellar, suprasellar, and parasellar surgery (SSPS). METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, retrospective study on 115 patients in the Aga Khan University Hospital after ethical approval. Patients were 16 years old or older undergoing pituitary or sellar surgeries. We collected data on basic sociodemographic characteristics and clinical indication for surgery. We noted laboratory values for serum electrolytes, plasma and urine osmolality, urine sodium, and 24-hour fluid balance from the immediate postoperative day until discharge and follow-up...
March 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872117/protocol-for-a-multicentre-randomised-feasibility-trial-evaluating-early-surgery-alone-in-low-rectal-cancer-sailor
#13
Dean A Harris, Kymberley Thorne, Hayley Hutchings, Saiful Islam, Gail Holland, Olivia Hatcher, Sarah Gwynne, Ian Jenkins, Peter Coyne, Michael Duff, Melanie Feldman, Des C Winter, Simon Gollins, Phil Quirke, Nick West, Gina Brown, Deborah Fitzsimmons, Alan Brown, John Beynon
INTRODUCTION: There are 11 500 rectal cancers diagnosed annually in the UK. Although surgery remains the primary treatment, there is evidence that preoperative radiotherapy (RT) improves local recurrence rates. High-quality surgery in rectal cancer is equally important in minimising local recurrence. Advances in MRI-guided prediction of resection margin status and improvements in abdominoperineal excision of the rectum (APER) technique supports a reassessment of the contribution of preoperative RT...
November 21, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798018/text2preventcvd-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-individual-participant-data-meta-analysis-of-text-message-based-interventions-for-the-prevention-of-cardiovascular-diseases
#14
Clara K Chow, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam, Andrew Farmer, Kirsty Bobrow, Ralph Maddision, Robyn Whittaker, Leila Pfaeffli Dale, Andreas Lechner, Louis Niessen, Scott A Lear, Zubin J Eapen, Karla Santo, Sandrine Stepien, Julie Redfern, Anthony Rodgers
INTRODUCTION: Text message interventions have been shown to be effective in prevention and management of several non-communicable disease risk factors. However, the extent to which their effects might vary in different participants and settings is uncertain. We aim to conduct a systematic review and individual participant data (IPD) meta-analysis of randomised clinical trials examining text message interventions aimed to prevent cardiovascular diseases (CVD) through modification of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs)...
October 17, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762091/reexamining-the-prohibition-of-gestational-surrogacy-in-sunni-islam
#15
Ruaim A Muaygil
Advances in reproductive medicine have provided new, and much needed, hope for millions of people struggling with infertility. Gestational surrogacy is one such development that has been gaining popularity with infertile couples, especially those unable to benefit from other reproductive procedures such as In Vitro Fertilization. For many Muslim couples, however, surrogacy remains a nonviable option. Islamic scholars have deemed the procedure incompatible with Islam and have prohibited its use. This paper examines the arguments presented for proscribing surrogacy arrangements in Sunni Islam in particular...
August 2017: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716560/the-perception-and-acceptability-of-pre-slaughter-and-post-slaughter-stunning-for-halal-production-the-views-of-uk-islamic-scholars-and-halal-consumers
#16
Awal Fuseini, Steve B Wotton, Phil J Hadley, Toby G Knowles
The importance of religious slaughter from economic, emotive and ethical viewpoints is significant. There are apparent economic benefits associated with trading in meats slaughtered according to religious traditions. Some religious authorities insist on the slaughter of animals without stunning, but this, according to many researchers, compromises animal welfare. We conducted a survey of Islamic scholars and Halal consumers, 66 scholars from 55 organisations and 314 consumers from 54 UK cities/towns were surveyed...
January 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699713/personal-autonomy-in-health-settings-and-shi-i-islamic-jurisprudence-a-literature-review
#17
Zohrehsadat Naji, Zari Zamani, Sofia A Koutlaki, Payman Salamati
Respect for personal autonomy in decision-making is one of the four ethical principles in medical circumstances. This paper aims to present evidence that can be considered good exemplars in the clarification of the ethical viewpoints of the western and Shi'i Islamic perspectives on this issue. The method followed was originally a search in international indexing services in April 2016. Our findings point towards various controversies on individuals' autonomy lead to different decision making outcomes by health workers in both different traditions...
October 3, 2016: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648992/pros-and-cons-for-the-medical-age-assessments-in-unaccompanied-minors-a-mini-review
#18
Vincenzo De Sanctis, Ashraf T Soliman, Nada A Soliman, Rania Elalaily, Salvatore Di Maio, Elsaid M A Bedair, Islam Kassem, Giuseppe Millimaggi
Unaccompanied minors refer to immigrants who are under the age of 18 and are not under the care of a parent or legal guardian. Age assessment is used in Europe mainly to establish whether or not an individual is under 18 years of age and therefore eligible for protection under the United Nations' Convention on the Rights of the Child (UN - CRC). EU Member States use a combination of techniques to determine the age of a minor and to certify minor status, including interviews and documentation, physical examinations (anthropometric assessment; sexual maturity assessment; dental observation); psychological and sociological assessment; radiological tests (carpal, dental or collarbone x-rays)...
2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634489/hughes-abdominal-repair-trial-hart-abdominal-wall-closure-techniques-to-reduce-the-incidence-of-incisional-hernias-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
J Cornish, R L Harries, D Bosanquet, B Rees, J Ansell, N Frewer, P K Dhruva Rao, C Parry, R Ellis-Owen, S M Phillips, C Morris, J Horwood, M L Davies, M M Davies, R Hargest, Z Davies, J Hilton, D Harris, A Ben-Sassi, R Rajagopal, D Hanratty, S Islam, A Watkins, N Bashir, S Jones, I R Russell, J Torkington
BACKGROUND: Incisional hernias are common complications of midline closure following abdominal surgery and cause significant morbidity, impaired quality of life and increased health care costs. The 'Hughes Repair' combines a standard mass closure with a series of horizontal and two vertical mattress sutures within a single suture. This theoretically distributes the load along the incision length as well as across it. There is evidence to suggest that this technique is as effective as mesh repair for the operative management of incisional hernias; however, no trials have compared the Hughes Repair with standard mass closure for the prevention of incisional hernia formation following a midline incision...
September 15, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630071/investigating-the-feasibility-of-an-enhanced-contact-intervention-in-self-harm-and-suicidal-behaviour-a-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-delivering-a-social-support-and-wellbeing-intervention-following-self-harm-swish
#20
Nilufar Ahmed, Ann John, Saiful Islam, Richard Jones, Pippa Anderson, Charlotte Davies, Ashra Khanom, Shaun Harris, Peter Huxley
INTRODUCTION: Self-harm is a strong predictor for suicide. Risks for repeat behaviour are heightened in the aftermath of an index episode. There is no consensus on the most effective type of intervention to reduce repetition. Treatment options for patients who do not require secondary mental health services include no support, discharge to general practitioner or referral to primary care mental health support services. The aim of this study is to assess whether it is feasible to deliver a brief intervention after an episode and whether this can reduce depressive symptoms and increase the sense of well-being for patients who self-harm...
September 14, 2016: BMJ Open
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