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Posturography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727674/the-community-balance-and-mobility-scale-a-valid-assessment-tool-of-balance-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-patients
#1
Luke Martelli, Dave Saraswat, Gail Dechman, Nicholas B Giacomantonio, Scott A Grandy
PURPOSE: Many patients participating in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs have decreased balance. This is a concern, as it may affect their ability to optimally perform physical exercise in CR and thus decrease CR efficacy. Despite this concern, balance is typically not assessed as part of CR intake. This may be attributable to the fact that a suitable balance assessment tool has not been identified for higher-functioning CR patients. A potential solution to this issue is using the Community Balance and Mobility Scale (CBMS), which has been used to assess balance in higher-functioning clinical populations; however, its use in a CR population has never been investigated...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723821/can-a-balance-wristband-influence-postural-control
#2
Sven Eichhorn, Sonja Foerster, Benedikt Friemert, Christian Willy, Hans-Joachim Riesner, Hans-Georg Palm
Top sports performances cannot be achieved without a high level of postural control. Balance wristbands purport to improve the mental and physical balance of the wearer. It is still unclear, however, whether these wristbands can indeed enhance postural control. Our purpose was to ascertain by means of computerized dynamic posturography whether balance wristbands can improve postural stability.In this randomized controlled single-blind clinical study, posturography was used to assess postural control in 179 healthy subjects with or without a balance wristband...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723718/three-dimensional-head-mounted-gaming-task-procedure-maximizes-effects-of-vestibular-rehabilitation-in-unilateral-vestibular-hypofunction-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#3
Alessandro Micarelli, Andrea Viziano, Ivan Augimeri, Domenico Micarelli, Marco Alessandrini
Considering the emerging advantages related to virtual reality implementation in clinical rehabilitation, the aim of the present study was to discover possible (i) improvements achievable in unilateral vestibular hypofunction patients using a self-assessed head-mounted device (HMD)-based gaming procedure when combined with a classical vestibular rehabilitation protocol (HMD group) as compared with a group undergoing only vestibular rehabilitation and (ii) HMD procedure-related side effects. Therefore, 24 vestibular rehabilitation and 23-matched HMD unilateral vestibular hypofunction individuals simultaneously underwent a 4-week rehabilitation protocol...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705486/the-influence-of-adipose-tissue-location-on-postural-control
#4
Joanna Cieślińska-Świder, Mariusz Paweł Furmanek, Janusz Wiesław Błaszczyk
A growing body of evidence suggests, that excessive body weight is inseparably connected with postural instability. In none of previous studies, body weight distribution has been considered as a factor, which may affect results of a static posturography. The purpose of the present study is to quantify some center of foot pressure (COP) characteristics in 40 obese women with android type of obesity (waist-to-hip ratio - WHR≥0.85, BMI: 37.5±5.4) and 40 obese women with gynoid type of obesity (WHR<0.85, BMI: 36...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704265/limits-of-stability-in-patients-with-vascular-due-to-diabetes-and-nonvascular-unilateral-transtibial-amputation-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Francisco Molina-Rueda, Alberto Molero-Sánchez, María Carratalá-Tejada, Alicia Cuesta-Gómez, Juan C Miangolarra-Page, Isabel M Alguacil-Diego
The aim of the study was to investigate the differences in the stability limits between patients with vascular and nonvascular unilateral transtibial amputation (UTA) and patients without amputation. Eighteen patients with UTA who used a prosthesis were divided into two groups: vascular (n=9) and nonvascular (n=9). Twenty-four patients without amputation served as the control group. Computerized dynamic posturography Smart EquiTest System, version 8.0 was used for measuring stability limits. The limits of stability test was used to assess the participants' ability to voluntarily sway to various locations in space...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690584/decompression-in-chiari-malformation-clinical-ocular-motor-cerebellar-and-vestibular-outcome
#6
Nicolina Goldschagg, Katharina Feil, Franziska Ihl, Siegbert Krafczyk, Mathias Kunz, Jörg Christian Tonn, Michael Strupp, Aurelia Peraud
BACKGROUND: Treatment of Chiari malformation can include suboccipital decompression with resection of one cerebellar tonsil. Its effects on ocular motor and cerebellar function have not yet been systematically examined. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether decompression, including resection of one cerebellar tonsil, leads to ocular motor, vestibular, or cerebellar deficits. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ten patients with Chiari malformation type 1 were systematically examined before and after (1 week and 3 months) suboccipital decompression with unilateral tonsillectomy...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688530/japanese-standard-for-clinical-stabilometry-assessment-current-status-and-future-directions
#7
REVIEW
Masahiko Yamamoto, Kazuo Ishikawa, Mitsuhiro Aoki, Keisuke Mizuta, Yatsuji Ito, Masatsugu Asai, Hideo Shojaku, Toshiaki Yamanaka, Chisato Fujimoto, Toshihisa Murofushi, Tomoe Yoshida
Stabilometry is a useful tool for examining patients with functional disorders of the vestibular system. However, measurement techniques and devices vary by country. Therefore, international standardization of stabilometry is mandatory to validate the exchange of important findings. This was advocated at the 1983 Posturography Meeting in Kyoto but has not been adopted worldwide, and each country has continued to use unique regional measurement methods. In Japan, stabilometry has widespread application in medical practice in conjunction with research into its applications...
July 5, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662465/neuroimaging-of-an-attention-demanding-dual-task-during-dynamic-postural-control
#8
Andrea L Rosso, Massimo Cenciarini, Patrick J Sparto, Patrick J Loughlin, Joseph M Furman, Theodore J Huppert
Cognitive tasks impact postural control when performed concurrently as dual-tasks. This is presumed to result from capacity limitations in relevant brain regions. We used functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to measure brain activation of the left motor, temporal, and dorsal-lateral prefrontal brain regions of younger (n=6) and older (n=10) adults. Brain activation was measured during an auditory choice reaction task (CRT) and standing on a dynamic posturography platform, both as single-tasks and concurrently as dual-task...
June 21, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645093/identification-of-key-outcome-measures-when-using-the-instrumented-timed-up-and-go-and-or-posturography-for-fall-screening
#9
Renee Beach Sample, Allison L Kinney, Kurt Jackson, Wiebke Diestelkamp, Kimberly Edginton Bigelow
The Timed Up and Go (TUG) has been commonly used for fall risk assessment. The instrumented Timed Up and Go (iTUG) adds wearable sensors to capture sub-movements and may be more sensitive. Posturography assessments have also been used for determining fall risk. This study used stepwise logistic regression models to identify key outcome measures for the iTUG and posturography protocols. The effectiveness of the models containing these measures in differentiating fallers from non-fallers were then compared for each: iTUG total time duration only, iTUG, posturography, and combined iTUG and posturography assessments...
June 10, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641764/are-static-and-functional-balance-abilities-related-in-individuals-with-multiple-sclerosis
#10
Massimiliano Pau, Micaela Porta, Giancarlo Coghe, Federica Corona, Giuseppina Pilloni, Lorena Lorefice, Maria Giovanna Marrosu, Eleonora Cocco
BACKGROUND: In people with Multiple Sclerosis (pwMS), balance assessment is essential in estimating the risk of falls, monitoring disease progression and verifying the effectiveness of rehabilitative treatment. Clinical tools and instrumental techniques are available for testing static and dynamic balance, but the relationship between such abilities is still not clear. Having information about this link would be important in properly planning the type and number of tests to administer...
July 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640143/relationship-between-postural-instability-and-subcortical-volume-loss-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#11
Young-Wook Lee, Hyung Lee, In-Sung Chung, Hyon-Ah Yi
The relationship between postural instability and subcortical structure in AD has received less attention. The aims of this study were to assess whether there are differences in the ability to control balance between Alzheimer's disease (AD) and controls, and to investigate the association between subcortical gray matter volumes and postural instability in AD.We enrolled 107 consecutive AD patients and 37 controls. All participants underwent detailed neuropsychological evaluations, T1-weighted MRI at 3 T, and posture assessment using computerized dynamic posturography...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619432/computerized-posturography-is-more-sensitive-than-clinical-romberg-test-in-detecting-postural-control-impairment-in-minimally-impaired-multiple-sclerosis-patients
#12
Federica Melillo, Alessia Di Sapio, Serena Martire, Maria Malentacchi, Manuela Matta, Antonio Bertolotto
Balance impairment, frequent in Multiple Sclerosis patients (MS), is difficult to detect promptly with routine clinical examination. Computerized platforms can measure subtle deficit but, given the complexity of postural system, multiple tests should be adopted. To evaluate whether platform was more sensitive than Romberg Test (RT) in detecting balance abnormalities, we 1) chose a battery of posturographic tests, 2) collected normative data from 58 healthy subjects 3) applied the tests to Clinically Isolated Syndrome (n=42) and minimally impaired MS (n=76)...
May 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607900/impaired-vestibular-function-after-cochlear-implantation-in-children-role-of-static-posturography
#13
Satish Nair, Atul Gupta, Ajith Nilakantan, Ruchika Mittal, Ruchi Dahiya, Sachin Saini, Rachana Prasad, Deepika Vajpayee
To identify vestibular dysfunction in children after cochlear implant surgery and to study the utility of static posturography in evaluating vestibular function in children. A prospective study was carried out on 25 children between 2 and 7 years of age with sensorineural hearing loss with no overt vestibular dysfunction. All children underwent static posturography using Synapsis Posturographic System (SPS) software (Version 3.0, REV C) using a static platform with foam. The centre of pressure (COP) shift was recorded as statokinesiogram on the software and the mean vestibular, visual and somesthetic scores were obtained...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603464/reliability-and-validity-of-the-computerized-dynamic-posturography-sensory-organization-test-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#14
Jeffrey R Hebert, Mark M Manago
BACKGROUND: People with multiple sclerosis (MS) frequently have impaired postural control (balance). Psychometric properties of clinical tests of balance for individuals with MS, including the computerized dynamic posturography sensory organization test (CDP-SOT), are poorly understood. This study aimed to determine the reliability and discriminant validity of the CDP-SOT in people with MS. METHODS: The CDP-SOT was performed on 30 participants with MS. A 2-week-interval, repeated-measures (sessions 1 and 2) design was implemented to investigate test-retest reliability of the CDP-SOT and the ability of the CDP-SOT to discriminate between participants with lower versus higher disability...
May 2017: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595652/effect-of-cochlear-implant-surgery-on-vestibular-function-meta-analysis-study
#15
REVIEW
Iman Ibrahim, Sabrina Daniela da Silva, Bernard Segal, Anthony Zeitouni
IMPORTANCE: Vestibular disorders have been reported following cochlear implant (CI) surgery, but the literature shows a wide discrepancy in the reported clinical impact. The aim of this meta-analysis is to quantify the effect of CI before and after surgery on the outcomes of vestibular tests, postural stability, and subjective perception of dizziness. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of CI surgery on vestibular function in adult patients (≥18 years) with sensorineural hearing loss who underwent unilateral or bilateral implantation...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562427/effects-of-saccular-function-on-recovery-of-subjective-dizziness-after-vestibular-rehabilitation
#16
Junhui Jeong, Jinsei Jung, Jeon Mi Lee, Michelle J Suh, Sang Hyun Kwak, Sung Huhn Kim
OBJECTIVE: We attempted to investigate whether the integrity of saccular function influences the severity of subjective dizziness after vestibular rehabilitation in vestibular neuritis. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Forty-six patients with acute unilateral vestibular neuritis were included. INTERVENTIONS: Diagnostic, therapeutic, and rehabilitative...
August 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552931/the-follow-up-posturography-in-rehabilitation-after-total-hip-arthroplasty
#17
Krystyna Pethe-Kania, Józef A Opara, Dariusz Kania, Zenon Kidoń, Tomasz Łukaszewicz
PURPOSE: Presentation of the results of clinical study on new supplementary method applied in the physical rehabilitation of patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty. The standard rehabilitation program was supplemented with the lower limb loading symmetry training based on the follow-up posturography with an adaptively modified visual biofeedback, performed on a double plate posturographic platform. METHODS: The research involved 60 randomly selected patients included in prospective and comparative clinical study in the scheme of the parallel groups...
2017: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551466/stance-instability-in-preclinical-sca1-mutation-carriers-a-4-year-prospective-posturography-study
#18
Lorenzo Nanetti, Dario Alpini, Valentina Mattei, Anna Castaldo, Alessia Mongelli, Greta Brenna, Cinzia Gellera, Caterina Mariotti
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to study postural balance in preclinical Spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 (SCA1) mutation carriers to identify and observe specific motor functional deficit before evident clinical manifestation. METHODS: Participants were 9 asymptomatic SCA1 mutation carriers (6M/3F), aged 31.8±7years (range 22-44), and 17 age-matched non-carrier controls (5M/12F) (age 18-42). Subjects underwent postural tests on a force platform (Tetrax(®)-IBS, Sunlight Medical Ltd...
May 17, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530263/utricular-hypofunction-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#19
K Jáuregui-Renaud, C Aranda-Moreno, A Herrera-Rangel
The aim of this study was to assess the function of the utricle and horizontal semicircular canals in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus receiving primary health care, with/without a history of falls. 101 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, 34 to 84 years old (26 with and 75 without a history of falls) and 51 healthy volunteers (40-83 years old) accepted to participate. They denied having a history of dizziness, vertigo, unsteadiness, hearing loss or neurological disorders. None of them were seeking care due to sensory or balance decline...
May 22, 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529496/treatment-of-the-mal-de-debarquement-syndrome-a-1-year-follow-up
#20
Mingjia Dai, Bernard Cohen, Catherine Cho, Susan Shin, Sergei B Yakushin
The mal de debarquement syndrome (MdDS) is a movement disorder, occurring predominantly in women, is most often induced by passive transport on water or in the air (classic MdDS), or can occur spontaneously. MdDS likely originates in the vestibular system and is unfamiliar to many physicians. The first successful treatment was devised by Dai et al. (1), and over 330 MdDS patients have now been treated. Here, we report the outcomes of 141 patients (122 females and 19 males) treated 1 year or more ago. We examine the patient's rocking frequency, body drifting, and nystagmus...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
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