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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890427/multiple-pathways-link-urban-green-and-bluespace-to-mental-health-in-young-adults
#1
Angel M Dzhambov, Iana Markevych, Terry Hartig, Boris Tilov, Zlatoslav Arabadzhiev, Drozdstoj Stoyanov, Penka Gatseva, Donka D Dimitrova
BACKGROUND: A growing body of scientific literature indicates that urban green- and bluespace support mental health; however, little research has attempted to address the complexities in likely interrelations among the pathways through which benefits plausibly are realized. OBJECTIVES: The present study examines how different plausible pathways between green/bluespace and mental health can work together. Both objective and perceived measures of green- and bluespace are used in these models...
June 8, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887821/green-schoolyards-in-low-income-urban-neighborhoods-natural-spaces-for-positive-youth-development-outcomes
#2
Carolyn R Bates, Amy M Bohnert, Dana E Gerstein
Children from low-income families are increasingly growing up in urban areas with limited access to nature. In these environments, strategies that promote access to natural outdoor spaces, such as green schoolyards, may enhance positive youth development outcomes by promoting physical activity (PA) and prosocial behavior, as well as increasing perceptions of safety. The current study examines children's PA and social interactions, as well as caregiver and teacher perceptions of safety, injuries, teasing/bullying, and gang activity on three newly renovated green schoolyards in low-income urban neighborhoods...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727748/linking-green-space-to-neighborhood-social-capital-in-older-adults-the-role-of-perceived-safety
#3
Andy Hong, James F Sallis, Abby C King, Terry L Conway, Brian Saelens, Kelli L Cain, Eric H Fox, Lawrence D Frank
This study examines the moderating effect of perceived safety on the association of green space with neighborhood social capital in older adults. Green space may play an important role for promoting neighborhood social capital and health for older adults; however, safety remains a significant challenge in maximizing the benefits of green space. Data were drawn from 647 independent-living seniors who participated in the Senior Neighborhood Quality of Life Study in the Seattle/King County and Baltimore/Washington DC region...
June 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661194/association-of-neighborhood-greenness-with-self-perceived-stress-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-in-older-u-s-adults
#4
Vivian C Pun, Justin Manjourides, Helen H Suh
BACKGROUND: Neighborhood environment, such as green vegetation, has been shown to play a role in coping with stress and mental ill health. Yet, epidemiological evidence of the association between greenness and mental health is inconsistent. METHODS: We examined whether living in green space is associated with self-perceived stress, depressive and anxiety symptoms in a nationally representative, longitudinal sample of community-dwelling older adults (N = 4118; aged 57-85 years) in the United States...
April 16, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576668/urban-greenspace-is-associated-with-reduced-psychological-stress-among-adolescents-a-geographic-ecological-momentary-assessment-gema-analysis-of-activity-space
#5
Jeremy Mennis, Michael Mason, Andreea Ambrus
This study investigates the momentary association between urban greenspace, captured using Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) derived from Landsat imagery, and psychological stress, captured using Geographic Ecological Momentary Assessment (GEMA), in the activity spaces of a sample of primarily African American adolescents residing in Richmond, Virginia. We employ generalized estimating equations (GEE) to estimate the effect of exposure to urban greenspace on stress and test for moderation by sex, emotional dysregulation, season, neighborhood disadvantage, and whether the observation occurs at home or elsewhere...
June 2018: Landscape and Urban Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504939/the-association-between-lifelong-greenspace-exposure-and-3-dimensional-brain-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-barcelona-schoolchildren
#6
Payam Dadvand, Jesus Pujol, Dídac Macià, Gerard Martínez-Vilavella, Laura Blanco-Hinojo, Marion Mortamais, Mar Alvarez-Pedrerol, Raquel Fenoll, Mikel Esnaola, Albert Dalmau-Bueno, Mónica López-Vicente, Xavier Basagaña, Michael Jerrett, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen, Jordi Sunyer
BACKGROUND: Proponents of the biophilia hypothesis believe that contact with nature, including green spaces, has a crucial role in brain development in children. Currently, however, we are not aware of evidence linking such exposure with potential effects on brain structure. OBJECTIVE: We determined whether lifelong exposure to residential surrounding greenness is associated with regional differences in brain volume based on 3-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging (3D MRI) among children attending primary school...
February 23, 2018: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433021/residential-green-space-and-birth-outcomes-in-a-coastal-setting
#7
Kimberly B Glazer, Melissa N Eliot, Valery A Danilack, Lynn Carlson, Maureen G Phipps, Payam Dadvand, David A Savitz, Gregory A Wellenius
BACKGROUND: Residential green space may improve birth outcomes, with prior studies reporting higher birthweight among infants of women living in greener areas. However, results from studies evaluating associations between green space and preterm birth have been mixed. Further, the potential influence of residential proximity to water, or 'blue space', on health has not previously been evaluated. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate associations between green and blue space and birth outcomes in a coastal area of the northeastern United States...
May 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426309/neighborhood-based-pa-and-its-environmental-correlates-a-gis-and-gps-based-cross-sectional-study-in-the-netherlands
#8
Marijke Jansen, Carlijn B M Kamphuis, Frank H Pierik, Dick F Ettema, Martin J Dijst
BACKGROUND: To improve our understanding of the neighborhood environment - physical activity (PA) relationship, it is of importance to assess associations between neighborhood environmental characteristics and neighborhood-based PA. METHODS: Participants' (N = 308; 45-65 years) light PA (LPA) and moderate-vigorous PA (MVPA) within a 400, 800, and 1600 m buffer around adults' homes was measured using accelerometers and GPS-devices. Land use data in ArcGIS provided neighborhood characteristics for the same buffers...
February 9, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415695/bi-directional-association-between-sleep-and-outdoor-active-play-among-10-13-year-olds
#9
Yingyi Lin, Michael M Borghese, Ian Janssen
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there is a bi-directional relationship between sleep characteristics (time in bed, sleep duration, sleep chronology, and sleep efficiency) and time spent participating in outdoor active play among children. METHODS: Participants consisted of 433 children aged 10-13 years from Kingston, ON, Canada. Time in bed, sleep duration, sleep chronology, and sleep efficiency were measured for 8 consecutive nights using data from a sleep log and Actical accelerometer...
February 7, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402649/is-neighborhood-green-space-associated-with-less-frailty-evidence-from-the-mr-and-ms-os-hong-kong-study
#10
Ruby Yu, Dan Wang, Jason Leung, Kevin Lau, Timothy Kwok, Jean Woo
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether neighborhood green space was related to frailty risk longitudinally and to examine the relative contributions of green space, physical activity, and individual health conditions to the frailty transitions. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Four thousand community-dwelling Chinese adults aged ≥65 years participating in the Mr. and Ms. Os (Hong Kong) study in 2001-2003 were followed up for 2 years. METHODS: The percentage of green space within a 300-meter radial buffer around the participants' place of residence was derived for each participant at baseline based on the normalized difference vegetation index...
February 2, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373567/do-natural-experiments-of-changes-in-neighborhood-built-environment-impact-physical-activity-and-diet-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Freya MacMillan, Emma S George, Xiaoqi Feng, Dafna Merom, Andrew Bennie, Amelia Cook, Taren Sanders, Genevieve Dwyer, Bonnie Pang, Justin M Guagliano, Gregory S Kolt, Thomas Astell-Burt
Physical activity and diet are major modifiable risk factors for chronic disease and have been shown to be associated with neighborhood built environment. Systematic review evidence from longitudinal studies on the impact of changing the built environment on physical activity and diet is currently lacking. A systematic review of natural experiments of neighborhood built environment was conducted. The aims of this systematic review were to summarize study characteristics, study quality, and impact of changes in neighborhood built environment on physical activity and diet outcomes among residents...
January 26, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364899/contextual-correlates-of-happiness-in-european-adults
#12
Eva Anna Christina Hart, Jeroen Lakerveld, Martin McKee, Jean-Michel Oppert, Harry Rutter, Hélène Charreire, Ruut Veenhoven, Helga Bárdos, Sofie Compernolle, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Johannes Brug, Joreintje Dingena Mackenbach
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to examine the associations of both objectively assessed and perceived physical and social neighborhood characteristics with happiness in European adults. In addition, we aimed to study how these associations differed among subgroups. METHODS: Participants (N = 6037) of the cross-sectional SPOTLIGHT survey reported on their level of happiness using a 5-point Likert scale, and on perceived physical and social environmental neighborhood characteristics...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352209/evaluating-street-view-exposure-measures-of-visible-green-space-for-health-research
#13
Andrew Larkin, Perry Hystad
Urban green space, or natural environments, are associated with multiple physical and mental health outcomes. Several proposed pathways of action for these benefits (e.g., stress reduction and attention restoration) require visual perception of green space; however, existing green space exposure measures commonly used in epidemiological studies do not capture street-scale exposures. We downloaded 254 Google Street View (GSV) panorama images from Portland, Oregon and calculated percent of green in each image, called Green View Index (GVI)...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314746/integrative-review-of-the-intersection-of-green-space-and-neighborhood-violence
#14
Gibran C Mancus, Jacquelyn Campbell
PURPOSE: To systematically analyze evidence about the impact of green space on the perception and actual safety of residents of urban neighborhoods. DESIGN AND ORGANIZING CONSTRUCT: Systematic review of green space and violence based on Broome review criteria. METHODS: One landmark study prompted the initial hand search and identification of search terms. Twenty-three quantitative, five qualitative, and two mixed-methods studies were found in the urban planning, public health, medical, and psychological literature that met the following criteria: analyzed green space and violence as factors in the perception of safety as an outcome measure, including action taken by being outside for recreation, exercise, or self-report in the survey...
March 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165367/urban-green-space-and-the-pursuit-of-health-equity-in-parts-of-the-united-states
#15
Viniece Jennings, April Karen Baptiste, Na'Taki Osborne Jelks, Renée Skeete
Research has demonstrated that inequitable access to green space can relate to health disparities or inequalities. This commentary aims to shift the dialogue to initiatives that have integrated green spaces in projects that may promote health equity in the United States. Specifically, we connect this topic to factors such as community revitalization, affordable housing, neighborhood walkability, food security, job creation, and youth engagement. We provide a synopsis of locations and initiatives in different phases of development along with characteristics to support effectiveness and strategies to overcome challenges...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093689/coping-with-stress-in-deprived-urban-neighborhoods-what-is-the-role-of-green-space-according-to-life-stage
#16
Jenny J Roe, Peter A Aspinall, Catharine Ward Thompson
This study follows previous research showing how green space quantity and contact with nature (via access to gardens/allotments) helps mitigate stress in people living in deprived urban environments (Ward Thompson et al., 2016). However, little is known about how these environments aid stress mitigation nor how stress levels vary in a population experiencing higher than average stress. This study used Latent Class Analysis (LCA) to, first, identify latent health clusters in the same population ( n = 406) and, second, to relate health cluster membership to variables of interest, including four hypothetical stress coping scenarios...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864128/residential-green-space-quantity-and-quality-and-child-well-being-a-longitudinal-study
#17
Xiaoqi Feng, Thomas Astell-Burt
INTRODUCTION: There are few studies on the potential benefits of green space quantity and quality for child well-being. The authors hypothesized that more and better quality residential green space would be favorable for well-being and that these associations could be subject to effect modification across childhood. METHOD: Multilevel linear regression adjusted for demographic and socioeconomic confounders was used to track change in well-being (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire Total Difficulties Score and "internalizing" and "externalizing" subscales) across five separate occasions among a cohort of 4,968 Australian children aged 4-5 years beginning in 2004...
November 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863302/beyond-the-normalized-difference-vegetation-index-ndvi-developing-a-natural-space-index-for-population-level-health-research
#18
Emily J Rugel, Sarah B Henderson, Richard M Carpiano, Michael Brauer
BACKGROUND: Natural spaces can provide psychological benefits to individuals, but population-level epidemiologic studies have produced conflicting results. Refining current exposure-assessment methods is necessary to advance our understanding of population health and to guide the design of health-promoting urban forms. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to develop a comprehensive Natural Space Index that robustly models potential exposure based on the presence, form, accessibility, and quality of multiple forms of greenspace (e...
November 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753524/park-availability-and-major-depression-in-individuals-with-chronic-conditions-is-there-an-association-in-urban-india
#19
Debarati Mukherjee, S Safraj, Mohammad Tayyab, Roopa Shivashankar, Shivani A Patel, Gitanjali Narayanan, Vamadevan S Ajay, Mohammed K Ali, Km Venkat Narayan, Nikhil Tandon, Dorairaj Prabhakaran
Green space exposure has been positively correlated with better mental-health indicators in several high income countries, but has not been examined in low- and middle-income countries undergoing rapid urbanization. Building on a study of mental health in adults with a pre-existing chronic condition, we examined the association between park availability and major depression among 1208 adults surveyed in Delhi, India. Major depression was measured using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. The ArcGIS platform was used to quantify park availability indexed as (i) park distance from households, (ii) area of the nearest park; and within one km buffer area around households - the (iii) number and (iv) total area of all parks...
September 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711859/associations-between-multiple-green-space-measures-and-birth-weight-across-two-us-cities
#20
Leanne Cusack, Andrew Larkin, Susan E Carozza, Perry Hystad
INTRODUCTION: Several measures of green space exposure have been used in epidemiological research, but their relevance to health, and representation of exposure pathways, remains unclear. Here we examine the relationships between multiple urban green space metrics and associations with term birth weight across two diverse US cities. METHODS: We used Vital Statistics data to create a birth cohort from 2005 to 2009 in the cities of Portland, Oregon (n = 90,265) and Austin, Texas (n = 88,807)...
September 2017: Health & Place
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