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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433021/residential-green-space-and-birth-outcomes-in-a-coastal-setting
#1
Kimberly B Glazer, Melissa N Eliot, Valery A Danilack, Lynn Carlson, Maureen G Phipps, Payam Dadvand, David A Savitz, Gregory A Wellenius
BACKGROUND: Residential green space may improve birth outcomes, with prior studies reporting higher birthweight among infants of women living in greener areas. However, results from studies evaluating associations between green space and preterm birth have been mixed. Further, the potential influence of residential proximity to water, or 'blue space', on health has not previously been evaluated. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate associations between green and blue space and birth outcomes in a coastal area of the northeastern United States...
February 9, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426309/neighborhood-based-pa-and-its-environmental-correlates-a-gis-and-gps-based-cross-sectional-study-in-the-netherlands
#2
Marijke Jansen, Carlijn B M Kamphuis, Frank H Pierik, Dick F Ettema, Martin J Dijst
BACKGROUND: To improve our understanding of the neighborhood environment - physical activity (PA) relationship, it is of importance to assess associations between neighborhood environmental characteristics and neighborhood-based PA. METHODS: Participants' (N = 308; 45-65 years) light PA (LPA) and moderate-vigorous PA (MVPA) within a 400, 800, and 1600 m buffer around adults' homes was measured using accelerometers and GPS-devices. Land use data in ArcGIS provided neighborhood characteristics for the same buffers...
February 9, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415695/bi-directional-association-between-sleep-and-outdoor-active-play-among-10-13%C3%A2-year-olds
#3
Yingyi Lin, Michael M Borghese, Ian Janssen
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there is a bi-directional relationship between sleep characteristics (time in bed, sleep duration, sleep chronology, and sleep efficiency) and time spent participating in outdoor active play among children. METHODS: Participants consisted of 433 children aged 10-13 years from Kingston, ON, Canada. Time in bed, sleep duration, sleep chronology, and sleep efficiency were measured for 8 consecutive nights using data from a sleep log and Actical accelerometer...
February 7, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402649/is-neighborhood-green-space-associated-with-less-frailty-evidence-from-the-mr-and-ms-os-hong-kong-study
#4
Ruby Yu, Dan Wang, Jason Leung, Kevin Lau, Timothy Kwok, Jean Woo
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether neighborhood green space was related to frailty risk longitudinally and to examine the relative contributions of green space, physical activity, and individual health conditions to the frailty transitions. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Four thousand community-dwelling Chinese adults aged ≥65 years participating in the Mr. and Ms. Os (Hong Kong) study in 2001-2003 were followed up for 2 years. METHODS: The percentage of green space within a 300-meter radial buffer around the participants' place of residence was derived for each participant at baseline based on the normalized difference vegetation index...
February 2, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373567/do-natural-experiments-of-changes-in-neighborhood-built-environment-impact-physical-activity-and-diet-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Freya MacMillan, Emma S George, Xiaoqi Feng, Dafna Merom, Andrew Bennie, Amelia Cook, Taren Sanders, Genevieve Dwyer, Bonnie Pang, Justin M Guagliano, Gregory S Kolt, Thomas Astell-Burt
Physical activity and diet are major modifiable risk factors for chronic disease and have been shown to be associated with neighborhood built environment. Systematic review evidence from longitudinal studies on the impact of changing the built environment on physical activity and diet is currently lacking. A systematic review of natural experiments of neighborhood built environment was conducted. The aims of this systematic review were to summarize study characteristics, study quality, and impact of changes in neighborhood built environment on physical activity and diet outcomes among residents...
January 26, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364899/contextual-correlates-of-happiness-in-european-adults
#6
Eva Anna Christina Hart, Jeroen Lakerveld, Martin McKee, Jean-Michel Oppert, Harry Rutter, Hélène Charreire, Ruut Veenhoven, Helga Bárdos, Sofie Compernolle, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Johannes Brug, Joreintje Dingena Mackenbach
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to examine the associations of both objectively assessed and perceived physical and social neighborhood characteristics with happiness in European adults. In addition, we aimed to study how these associations differed among subgroups. METHODS: Participants (N = 6037) of the cross-sectional SPOTLIGHT survey reported on their level of happiness using a 5-point Likert scale, and on perceived physical and social environmental neighborhood characteristics...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352209/evaluating-street-view-exposure-measures-of-visible-green-space-for-health-research
#7
Andrew Larkin, Perry Hystad
Urban green space, or natural environments, are associated with multiple physical and mental health outcomes. Several proposed pathways of action for these benefits (e.g., stress reduction and attention restoration) require visual perception of green space; however, existing green space exposure measures commonly used in epidemiological studies do not capture street-scale exposures. We downloaded 254 Google Street View (GSV) panorama images from Portland, Oregon and calculated percent of green in each image, called Green View Index (GVI)...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314746/integrative-review-of-the-intersection-of-green-space-and-neighborhood-violence
#8
Gibran C Mancus, Jacquelyn Campbell
PURPOSE: To systematically analyze evidence about the impact of green space on the perception and actual safety of residents of urban neighborhoods. DESIGN AND ORGANIZING CONSTRUCT: Systematic review of green space and violence based on Broome review criteria. METHODS: One landmark study prompted the initial hand search and identification of search terms. Twenty-three quantitative, five qualitative, and two mixed-methods studies were found in the urban planning, public health, medical, and psychological literature that met the following criteria: analyzed green space and violence as factors in the perception of safety as an outcome measure, including action taken by being outside for recreation, exercise, or self-report in the survey...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165367/urban-green-space-and-the-pursuit-of-health-equity-in-parts-of-the-united-states
#9
Viniece Jennings, April Karen Baptiste, Na'Taki Osborne Jelks, Renée Skeete
Research has demonstrated that inequitable access to green space can relate to health disparities or inequalities. This commentary aims to shift the dialogue to initiatives that have integrated green spaces in projects that may promote health equity in the United States. Specifically, we connect this topic to factors such as community revitalization, affordable housing, neighborhood walkability, food security, job creation, and youth engagement. We provide a synopsis of locations and initiatives in different phases of development along with characteristics to support effectiveness and strategies to overcome challenges...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093689/coping-with-stress-in-deprived-urban-neighborhoods-what-is-the-role-of-green-space-according-to-life-stage
#10
Jenny J Roe, Peter A Aspinall, Catharine Ward Thompson
This study follows previous research showing how green space quantity and contact with nature (via access to gardens/allotments) helps mitigate stress in people living in deprived urban environments (Ward Thompson et al., 2016). However, little is known about how these environments aid stress mitigation nor how stress levels vary in a population experiencing higher than average stress. This study used Latent Class Analysis (LCA) to, first, identify latent health clusters in the same population (n = 406) and, second, to relate health cluster membership to variables of interest, including four hypothetical stress coping scenarios...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864128/residential-green-space-quantity-and-quality-and-child-well-being-a-longitudinal-study
#11
Xiaoqi Feng, Thomas Astell-Burt
INTRODUCTION: There are few studies on the potential benefits of green space quantity and quality for child well-being. The authors hypothesized that more and better quality residential green space would be favorable for well-being and that these associations could be subject to effect modification across childhood. METHOD: Multilevel linear regression adjusted for demographic and socioeconomic confounders was used to track change in well-being (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire Total Difficulties Score and "internalizing" and "externalizing" subscales) across five separate occasions among a cohort of 4,968 Australian children aged 4-5 years beginning in 2004...
November 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863302/beyond-the-normalized-difference-vegetation-index-ndvi-developing-a-natural-space-index-for-population-level-health-research
#12
Emily J Rugel, Sarah B Henderson, Richard M Carpiano, Michael Brauer
BACKGROUND: Natural spaces can provide psychological benefits to individuals, but population-level epidemiologic studies have produced conflicting results. Refining current exposure-assessment methods is necessary to advance our understanding of population health and to guide the design of health-promoting urban forms. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to develop a comprehensive Natural Space Index that robustly models potential exposure based on the presence, form, accessibility, and quality of multiple forms of greenspace (e...
November 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753524/park-availability-and-major-depression-in-individuals-with-chronic-conditions-is-there-an-association-in-urban-india
#13
Debarati Mukherjee, S Safraj, Mohammad Tayyab, Roopa Shivashankar, Shivani A Patel, Gitanjali Narayanan, Vamadevan S Ajay, Mohammed K Ali, Km Venkat Narayan, Nikhil Tandon, Dorairaj Prabhakaran
Green space exposure has been positively correlated with better mental-health indicators in several high income countries, but has not been examined in low- and middle-income countries undergoing rapid urbanization. Building on a study of mental health in adults with a pre-existing chronic condition, we examined the association between park availability and major depression among 1208 adults surveyed in Delhi, India. Major depression was measured using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. The ArcGIS platform was used to quantify park availability indexed as (i) park distance from households, (ii) area of the nearest park; and within one km buffer area around households - the (iii) number and (iv) total area of all parks...
September 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711859/associations-between-multiple-green-space-measures-and-birth-weight-across-two-us-cities
#14
Leanne Cusack, Andrew Larkin, Susan E Carozza, Perry Hystad
INTRODUCTION: Several measures of green space exposure have been used in epidemiological research, but their relevance to health, and representation of exposure pathways, remains unclear. Here we examine the relationships between multiple urban green space metrics and associations with term birth weight across two diverse US cities. METHODS: We used Vital Statistics data to create a birth cohort from 2005 to 2009 in the cities of Portland, Oregon (n = 90,265) and Austin, Texas (n = 88,807)...
September 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703756/green-streets-urban-green-and-birth-outcomes
#15
Kathryn Abelt, Sara McLafferty
Recent scholarship points to a protective association between green space and birth outcomes as well a positive relationship between blue space and wellbeing. We add to this body of literature by exploring the relationship between expectant mothers' exposure to green and blue spaces and adverse birth outcomes in New York City. The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), the NYC Street Tree Census, and access to major green spaces served as measures of greenness, while proximity to waterfront areas represented access to blue space...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686219/do-inequalities-in-neighborhood-walkability-drive-disparities-in-older-adults-outdoor-walking
#16
Razieh Zandieh, Johannes Flacke, Javier Martinez, Phil Jones, Martin van Maarseveen
Older residents of high-deprivation areas walk less than those of low-deprivation areas. Previous research has shown that neighborhood built environment may support and encourage outdoor walking. The extent to which the built environment supports and encourages walking is called "walkability". This study examines inequalities in neighborhood walkability in high- versus low-deprivation areas and their possible influences on disparities in older adults' outdoor walking levels. For this purpose, it focuses on specific neighborhood built environment attributes (residential density, land-use mix and intensity, street connectivity, and retail density) relevant to neighborhood walkability...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678168/the-influences-of-landscape-features-on-visitation-of-hospital-green-spaces-a-choice-experiment-approach
#17
Kaowen Grace Chang, Hungju Chien
Studies have suggested that visiting and viewing landscaping at hospitals accelerates patient's recovery from surgery and help staff's recovery from mental fatigue. To plan and construct such landscapes, we need to unravel landscape features desirable to different groups so that the space can benefit a wide range of hospital users. Using discrete choice modeling, we developed experimental choice sets to investigate how landscape features influence the visitations of different users in a large regional hospital in Taiwan...
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579664/walking-in-two-french-neighborhoods-a-study-of-how-park-numbers-and-locations-relate-to-everyday-walking
#18
Liliane Rioux, Carol M Werner, Rene Mokounkolo, Barbara B Brown
Research indicates that people are drawn to green spaces with attractive amenities. This study extends that finding by comparing walking patterns in two neighborhoods with different numbers of parks; parks did not differ in rated attractiveness nor did neighborhoods differ substantially in rated walkability. Adults, aged 32-86 years (n = 90), drew their 3 most recent walking routes on maps of their neighborhood. Analyses showed that participants' round trips were longer by 265.5 meters (.16 mile) in the neighborhood with a single, large, centrally located park (p < ...
December 2016: Journal of Environmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534841/is-neighborhood-green-space-protective-against-associations-between-child-asthma-neighborhood-traffic-volume-and-perceived-lack-of-area-safety-multilevel-analysis-of-4447-australian-children
#19
Xiaoqi Feng, Thomas Astell-Burt
Heavy traffic is a source of air pollution and a safety concern with important public health implications. We investigated whether green space lowers child asthma risk by buffering the effects of heavy traffic and a lack of neighborhood safety. Multilevel models were used to analyze affirmative asthma cases in nationally representative cross-sectional data from 4447 children aged 6-7 years old in Australia. Case-finding was based upon a triangulation of affirmative responses to three questions on doctor-diagnosed asthma, asthma-related medications and illness with wheezing lasting for at least 1 week within the 12 months prior...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509879/quality-over-quantity-contribution-of-urban-green-space-to-neighborhood-satisfaction
#20
Yang Zhang, Agnes E Van den Berg, Terry Van Dijk, Gerd Weitkamp
There is increasing evidence that the quality of green space significantly contributes to neighborhood satisfaction and well-being, independent of the mere amount of green space. In this paper, we examined residents' perceptions of the quality and beneficial affordances of green space in relation to objectively assessed accessibility and usability. We used data from a survey in two neighborhoods (N = 223) of a medium-sized city in the Netherlands, which were similar in the amount of green space and other physical and socio-demographic characteristics, but differed in the availability of accessible and usable green spaces...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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