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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935924/smoking-cessation-and-attitudes-belief-observation-and-education-of-medical-students-in-turkey
#1
E Turhan, T Inandi, M Col, R Bugdayci, O Eker, M Ilhan
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco use is an important public health problem around the world.Aim of this study is to assess attitudes,belief and observation of the students on smoking cessation and medical education. METHODS: This study is part of a multi-country study called "Global Health Profession Student Survey". The study population consisted of third year medical students in Turkey. The sample consisted of a total of 1834 medical students from randomly selected 12 medical schools...
April 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935916/self-prescription-of-paracetamol-by-undergraduate-students-in-bp-koirala-institution-of-health-sciences
#2
A K Yadav, B K Rai, S S Budhathoki, A Ghimire, S R Shrestha, G B Malla
INTRODUCTION: Self-prescription of medicines are common especially in low income countries.Paracetamol is a common medicine that is self-prescribed also among university students. Incorrect use of paracetamol can lead to ill effects on health including liver failure. There is scarce evidence of the use of paracetamol by self-medication in Nepal. The objective of this study is to evaluate the paracetamol use by self-prescription among the undergraduate students of BPKIHS. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 570 undergraduate students of BPKIHS from February 2016 till July 2016...
July 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935904/determinants-of-postgraduate-students-choices-of-speciality
#3
B Shrestha, Y R Pokhrel, K Butterworth
INTRODUCTION: Postgraduate specialization is perceived as essential for success with high competition for enrolment. The reasons how medical students choose their postgraduate specialty are complex. Understanding the factors that influence career choice helps in workforce planning. So, we tried to identify the specialty preferred by postgraduate students and the factors that influenced these choices in a post graduate institution. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted in National Academy of Medical Sciences...
January 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934556/room-for-improvement-palliating-the-ego-in-feedback-resistant-medical-students
#4
Andrew Perrella
Feedback in medical education provides the impetus for growth in a field pressured to demonstrate continuous progress. Unfortunately, as it always incorporates some level of judgment, certain students appear more resistant than receptive to receiving feedback. Coupled with the ubiquitous stressors of medicine-examinations, perpetual knowledge acquisition, competition for employment-there subtly emerges a learning environment in which the mindset of medical trainees morphs from collegiality to outperformance of one's peers...
December 9, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933732/hypothesis-driven-physical-examination-curriculum
#5
Sharon Allen, Andrew Olson, Jeremiah Menk, James Nixon
BACKGROUND: Medical students traditionally learn physical examination skills as a rote list of manoeuvres. Alternatives like hypothesis-driven physical examination (HDPE) may promote students' understanding of the contribution of physical examination to diagnostic reasoning. We sought to determine whether first-year medical students can effectively learn to perform a physical examination using an HDPE approach, and then tailor the examination to specific clinical scenarios. Medical students traditionally learn physical examination skills as a rote list of manoeuvres CONTEXT: First-year medical students at the University of Minnesota were taught both traditional and HDPE approaches during a required 17-week clinical skills course in their first semester...
December 9, 2016: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933321/introduction-of-basic-dermatologic-ultrasound-in-undergraduate-medical-education
#6
F Alfageme, E Cerezo, I S Fernandez, R Aguilo, A Vilas-Sueiro, G Roustan
Purpose: Teaching ultrasound procedures to undergraduates has recently been proposed to improve the quality of medical education. We address the impact of applying standardized dermatologic ultrasound teaching to our undergraduates. Materials and Methods: Medical students were offered an additional theoretical and practical seminar involving hands-on ultrasound dermatologic ultrasound during their mandatory dermatology practical training. The students' theoretical knowledge and dermatologic ultrasoud skills were tested with a multiple choice questionnaire extracted from Level 1 Spanish Society of Ultrasound Dermatologic Ultrasound accreditation exam before and after the course...
November 2016: Ultrasound International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933098/psychosomatic-problems-among-medical-students-a-myth-or-reality
#7
J M Chinawa, Ada R C Nwokocha, Pius C Manyike, Awoere Tamunosiki Chinawa, Elias C Aniwada, Appolos Chidi Ndukuba
BACKGROUND: Medical students are exposed to stress and this can predispose them to psychological and behavioral consequences. METHODS: Psychosomatic disorders were investigated among 385 medical students from two teaching hospitals using a stratified random sampling. The Enugu somatization Scale (ESS) was used to evaluate for presence of somatization in the participants. Statistical analysis was done with the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPPS) version 19 (Chicago IL)...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932900/a-student-s-perspective-are-medical-students-adequately-trained-in-bls
#8
COMMENT
Tobi Oyewole, Folashade Oyewole
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931192/serological-assessment-of-the-establishment-of-herd-immunity-against-measles-in-a-health-district-in-malaysia
#9
Y Hazlina, M A Marlindawati, K Shamsuddin
BACKGROUND: Malaysia still faces challenges optimizing resources to effectively eliminate measles through high immunization and herd immunity, with sporadic outbreaks of measles as evidence. The objective of this study is to determine the age-specific positive measles antibodies seroprevalence used for assessing the establishment of herd immunity against measles in different age groups. This is useful for identifying vulnerable age groups requiring supplementary immunization. METHODS: A seroprevalence study was conducted among respondents aged 6-9 years, 15-24 years and 45-54 years attending government health clinics in Seremban between September 2014 and January 2015...
December 8, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930431/first-person-point-of-view-augmented-reality-for-central-line-insertion-training-a-usability-and-feasibility-study
#10
Lauryn R Rochlen, Robert Levine, Alan R Tait
INTRODUCTION: The value of simulation in medical education and procedural skills training is well recognized. Despite this, many mannequin-based trainers are limited by the inability of the trainee to view the internal anatomical structures. This study evaluates the usability and feasibility of a first-person point-of-view-augmented reality (AR) trainer on needle insertion as a component of central venous catheter placement. METHODS: Forty subjects, including medical students and anesthesiology residents and faculty, participated...
December 8, 2016: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930278/for-love-not-money-the-financial-implications-of-surgical-fellowship-training
#11
Paul M Inclan, Adam S Hyde, Michael Hulme, Jeffrey E Carter
Surgical residents cite increased income potential as a motivation for pursuing fellowship training, despite little evidence supporting this perception. Thus, our goal is to quantify the financial impact of surgical fellowship training on financial career value. By using Medical Group Management Association and Association of American Medical Colleges physician income data, and accounting for resident salary, student debt, a progressive tax structure, and forgone wages associated with prolonged training, we generated a net present value (NPV) for both generalist and subspecialist surgeons...
September 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929576/empathy-can-it-be-taught
#12
D Jeffrey, R Downie
There is now a societal and cultural expectation that doctors and nurses should feel, and display, empathy for their patients. Many commentators argue that medical and nursing students should be taught empathy. Empathy, however, is difficult to define: it is not the same as kindness, as it implies a degree of psychological insight into what the patient is thinking or feeling. Empathy is seen by some as a form of emotional intelligence that can be systematically developed through teaching and positive role models...
June 2016: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928766/improving-the-recruitment-of-medical-students-into-psychiatry
#13
Marcia L Verduin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928236/perception-of-laypeople-and-dental-professionals-of-smile-esthetics
#14
Aida Saffarpour, Maryam Ghavam, Anna Saffarpour, Rozita Dayani, Mohammad Javad Kharazi Fard
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess and compare the perception of laypersons and dental professionals of smile esthetics based on two factors namely gingival display and alignment of teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 32 females were randomly selected among dental students in the International Campus of School of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (Tehran, Iran) with no previous history of esthetic dental work. Frontal photographs were obtained and cropped from the subnasal to menton areas of subjects to standardize the size of pictures...
March 2016: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927872/mumps-outbreak-among-a-highly-vaccinated-university-community-new-york-city-ny-january-april-2014
#15
Leena N Patel, Robert Arciuolo, Jie Fu, Francesca R Giancotti, Jane R Zucker, Jennifer Rakeman, Jennifer B Rosen
BACKGROUND: On January 14, 2014, a vaccinated student presented with parotitis. Mumps IgM testing was negative and reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) testing was not performed, resulting in a missed diagnosis and the start of an outbreak at a New York City (NYC) university. METHODS: Mumps case investigations included patient interviews, medical records review, and laboratory testing including mumps serology and RT-PCR. Cases were considered linked to the outbreak if they attended or had epidemiologic linkage to the university...
December 7, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926808/evaluation-of-communication-and-acceptance-of-the-patients-by-medical-personnel
#16
Anna Włoszczak-Szubzda, Mirosław J Jarosz, Mariusz Goniewicz, Krzysztof Goniewicz
Background: The low level of patient satisfaction recorded in many studies and, at the same time, the level of frustration and burnout, disclosed by medics in the perception of the patient as a ‘problem’, incline to look for the causes of inadequate relationship between physician and patient. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of acceptance of the patient by the medical personnel. The research problem was the acceptance level which was within the range of the communication skills of the nurses and doctors...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925708/determinants-of-the-use-of-dietary-supplements-among-secondary-and-high-school-students
#17
Karolina Gajda, Monika Zielińska, Anna Ciecierska, Jadwiga Hamułka
Background: All over the world, including Poland, the sale of dietary supplements is increasing. More and more often, people including children and youths, use dietary supplements on their own initiative and without any medical indications or knowledge in this field. Objectives: Analysis of the conditions of using the dietary supplements with vitamins and minerals among secondary school and high school students in Poland. Material and methods: The study included 396 students aged 13-18 years (249 girls and 147 boys)...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925681/measuring-medical-students-motivation-to-learning-anatomy-by-cadaveric-dissection
#18
Eiman M Abdel Meguid, Mohammed K Khalil
Motivation and learning are inter-related. It is well known that motivating learners is clearly a complex endeavor, which can be influenced by the educational program and the learning environment. Limited research has been conducted to examine students' motivation as a method to assess the effectiveness of dissection in medical education. This study aimed to assess and analyze students' motivation following their dissection experience. A 29-item survey was developed based on the Attention, Relevance, Confidence, and Satisfaction model of motivation...
December 7, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925569/focus-is-on-our-doctors
#19
James Buchan
With around one in three NHS doctors having been trained in another country, the headline-grabber at the Conservative party conference in October was the government's commitment to NHS England becoming 'self-sufficient' in doctors. Funding for the projected 15% increase in the number of medical students will come from the Department of Health's existing budget.
December 7, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925528/brocklehurst-s-textbook-of-geriatric-medicine-and-gerontology-8th-edition-fillit-howard-m-rockwood-kenneth-and-young-john-brocklehurst-s-textbook-of-geriatric-medicine-and-gerontology-8th-edition-1168pp-%C3%A2-182-99-elsevier-9780702061851-0702061859-formula-see
#20
(no author information available yet)
This is the 8th edition of this well-regarded medical textbook. Its contributors include several nurses and the subjects covered will be of interest to any nurse or nursing student working with older adults.
December 7, 2016: Nursing Standard
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