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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235088/fostering-better-policy-adoption-and-inter-disciplinary-communication-in-healthcare-a-qualitative-analysis-of-practicing-physicians-common-interests
#1
Eric J Keller, Megan Crowley-Matoka, Jeremy D Collins, Howard B Chrisman, Magdy P Milad, Robert L Vogelzang
PURPOSE: In response to limited physician adoption of various healthcare initiatives, we sought to propose and assess a novel approach to policy development where one first characterizes diverse physician groups' common interests, using a medical student and constructivist grounded theory. METHODS: In 6 months, a medical student completed 36 semi-structured interviews with interventional radiologists, gynecologists, and vascular surgeons that were systematically analyzed according to constructivist grounded theory to identifying common themes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28234694/using-the-health-physics-student-volunteer-program-for-a-research-project-sponsored-by-the-medical-section-of-the-health-physics-society
#2
Joseph Steiner, Penny Leinwander
The Health Physics Society (HPS) Medical Health Physics Section (MHPS) received a request to research data on radiation safety guidance related to the death of patients who have recently received therapeutic doses of sealed or unsealed therapy sources. The MHPS elected to use student volunteers to perform this research. The purpose of this manuscript is to describe and provide a template for the process used by the MHPS to develop a student volunteer program. To implement the student volunteer program, the MHPS collaborated with the HPS Student Support Committee to develop a research proposal and a student volunteer selection process...
April 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28234592/why-wait-until-residency-competency-based-education-in-longitudinal-integrated-clerkships
#3
John Quinn Gentles
This essay was selected as the winner of the 2015 Canadian Undergraduate Surgical Education Committee student essay competition. It was written in response to the prompt: "How is your school preparing you for residency - be it surgical or medical?".
February 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28234227/why-wait-until-residency-competency-based-education-in-longitudinal-integrated-clerkships
#4
John Quinn Gentles
This essay was selected as the winner of the 2015 Canadian Undergraduate Surgical Education Committee student essay competition. It was written in response to the prompt: "How is your school preparing you for residency - be it surgical or medical?".
December 1, 2016: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28234179/behind-the-match-process-is-there-any-financial-difference-lurking-below-the-specialty-of-choice
#5
Lasun O Oladeji, James A Raley, Stephen Smith, Jorge L Perez, Gerald McGwin, Brent A Ponce
The Match was developed in response to a chaotic residency selection process. While the match has remained relatively unchanged since it was introduced, the number of medical school graduates has increased at a rate outpacing the number of residency positions leading to a more competitive process for applicants. In May 2014, an 18-question mixed-response questionnaire was distributed to fourth year allopathic medical students via an E-mail distribution list for student affairs representatives. The individual surveys were accessible via SurveyMonkey and available for completion over the course of a 4-week period...
December 1, 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233723/a-survey-of-awareness-related-to-the-use-of-antibiotics-for-dental-issues-among-non-medical-female-university-students-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#6
Nedal A Abu-Mostafa, Najmah J Al-Mejlad, Amal S Al-Yami, Fatimah Z Al-Sakhin, Shahad A Al-Mudhi
Inappropriate use of antibiotics may lead to adverse side effects. This cross-sectional survey aimed to investigate the knowledge and attitude of female non-medical students regarding the medical and dental use of antibiotics. Four hundred validated self-administered questionnaires were distributed in Princess Norah Bint-Abdurrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The questionnaire included questions about accessibility, attitude toward usage, efficacy, side effects, resistance, and usage for dental issues...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233330/educators-experiences-of-managing-students-with-adhd-a-qualitative-study
#7
D A Moore, A E Russell, S Arnell, T J Ford
BACKGROUND: The symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder are associated with difficulty coping with the social, behavioural and academic components of school. Compared with medication and other non-pharmacological treatment, there is less evidence relating to school-based interventions to support children with ADHD. There is additionally an absence of any research focused on the experiences and practices of educators in the UK around how they work with children who are inattentive, impulsive and hyperactive...
February 24, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28232465/factors-influencing-medical-students-motivation-to-practise-in-rural-areas-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#8
Shyam Sundar Budhathoki, Prisca A C Zwanikken, Paras K Pokharel, Albert J Scherpbier
OBJECTIVES: There is a shortage of doctors working in rural areas all over the world, especially in low-income and middle-income countries. The choice to practise medicine in a rural area is influenced by many factors. Motivation developed as a medical student is one key determinant of this choice. This study explores influences on medical students' motivation to practise in rural areas of low-income and middle-income countries following graduation. DESIGN: A systematic review was conducted to identify influences on medical students' motivation to work in rural areas in low-income and middle-income countries...
February 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231978/prevalence-of-apical-periodontitis-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-a-retrospective-clinical-study
#9
Vanessa Piras, Paolo Usai, Silvia Mezzena, Marta Susnik, Francesca Ideo, Elia Schirru, Elisabetta Cotti
AIM: We evaluated the prevalence of apical periodontitis (AP) and the oral health status in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) treated with immunomodulators, with particular attention to biologic medications (BMs). METHODS: One hundred ten patients, 49 men and 61 women (average age, 46 ± 13.8 years), from the Gastroenterology Unit of the University Hospital with IBDs who were treated with BMs or corticosteroids were included in the study. One hundred ten patients who registered for a dental check-up at the Dental Clinic were matched for age, sex, and physical characteristics with the study group without systemic diseases and not taking medications who were the control...
March 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231398/living-with-melanoma-%C3%A2-for-a-day-a-phenomenological-analysis-of-medical-students-simulated-experiences
#10
M Corr, G Roulston, N King, T Dornan, C Blease, G J Gormley
BACKGROUND: Despite the rising incidence of melanoma, medical students have progressively fewer opportunities to encounter patients with this important condition. Curricula tend to attach the greatest value to intellectual forms of learning. Compared to intellectual learning, however, experiential learning affords students deep insights about a condition. Doctors who experience ill health are more empathic towards patients. However opportunities to learn about cancer experientially are limited...
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231045/original-research-paper-public-health-care-system-a-quasi-experimental-study-acceptance-and-attitude-to-implicate-clinical-services
#11
Syed Wasif Gillani, Mohi Iqbal Mohammad Abdul
A six-month longitudinal intervention arm study with a pre-post cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey was performed. A 3-phase objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) design was utilized for evaluation of acceptance and attitude of pharmacy students towards clinical pharmacy services. The pre-OSCE survey showed increased disagreement with the role of clinical pharmacists, compared to a significant positive shift in attitude towards their services in the healthcare team after 6 months of the trial...
March 1, 2017: Acta Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230634/platelet-dysfunction-in-critically-ill-patients
#12
Travis Hase, Sarah Sirajuddin, Patrick Maluso, Raksha Bangalore, Louis DePalma, Babak Sarani
Thrombelastography Platelet Mapping (TEG-PM) allows for measurement of maximal potential clot strength (MA) and strength from stimulation of arachidonic acid (MA-AA) and adenosine disphosphate (MA-ADP) receptors. This study was conducted to assess degree of platelet dysfunction in critically ill adult patients. A retrospective study of critically ill, adult, nontrauma patients in a medical/surgical ICU was conducted from August 2013 to September 2014. All patients who underwent TEG-PM were enrolled. Patients with intracerebral hemorrhage, following cardiac surgery, or without an APACHE II score were excluded...
February 21, 2017: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230451/positive-medication-changes-resulting-from-comprehensive-and-noncomprehensive-medication-reviews-in-a-medicare-part-d-population
#13
Allison Buhl, Jill Augustine, Ann M Taylor, Rose Martin, Terri L Warholak
BACKGROUND: Health care organizations face the challenge of reducing costs while improving health outcomes. Currently, more than 39 million seniors are enrolled in a Medicare Part D prescription benefit plan, many of whom also qualify for medication therapy management (MTM) services. MTM programs provide valuable services designed to prevent or resolve medication-related problems (MRPs). Two core components of all MTM programs include comprehensive medication reviews (CMRs) with followup interventions and focused non-CMR interventions...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230335/undergraduate-medical-academic-performance-is-improved-by-scientific-training
#14
Lili Zhang, Wei Zhang, Chong Wu, Zhongming Liu, Yunfei Cai, Xingguo Cao, Yushan He, Guoxiang Liu, Hongming Miao
The effect of scientific training on course learning in undergraduates is still controversial. In this study, we investigated the academic performance of undergraduate students with and without scientific training. The results show that scientific training improves students' test scores in general medical courses, such as biochemistry and molecular biology, cell biology, physiology, and even English. We classified scientific training into four levels. We found that literature reading could significantly improve students' test scores in general courses...
February 23, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230314/approaches-to-enhance-the-teaching-quality-of-experimental-biochemistry-for-mbbs-students-in-tsmu-china
#15
Lijuan Yu, Shuying Yi, Jing Zhai, Zhaojin Wang
With the internationalization of medical education in China, the importance of international students' education in medical schools is also increasing. Except foreign students majoring in Chinese language, English Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBSS) students are the largest group of international students. Based on problems in the teaching process for experimental biochemistry, we designed teaching models adapted to the background of international students and strengthened teachers' teaching ability at Taishan Medical University...
February 23, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229833/portuguese-medical-students-knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-homosexuality
#16
Lucas Lopes, Jorge Gato, Manuel Esteves
INTRODUCTION: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people still face discrimination in healthcare environments and physicians often report lack of knowledge on this population's specific healthcare needs. In fact, recommendations have been put forward to include lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender health in medical curricula. This study aimed to explore factors associated with medical students' knowledge and attitudes towards homosexuality in different years of the medical course...
November 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229478/students-experiences-of-role-relationships-and-learning-in-two-clerkship-models
#17
D Jill Konkin, Carol Suddards
CONTEXT: An increasing number of medical schools around the world are implementing longitudinal integrated clerkships (LICs). The University of Alberta's third-year LIC admits a small group of each class. Those not in the LIC undertake a rotation-based clerkship (RBC). All students have a fourth-year RBC. Meaningful participation in patient care and guidance have been identified as affordances for work-based learning. METHODS: This qualitative study is part of an ongoing research programme conducted in a hermeneutic phenomenological frame...
February 22, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229477/-why-not-you-discourses-of-widening-access-on-uk-medical-school-websites
#18
Kirsty Alexander, Tania Fahey Palma, Sandra Nicholson, Jennifer Cleland
CONTEXT: In the UK, applications to medicine from those in lower socio-economic groups remain low despite significant investments of time, interest and resources in widening access (WA) to medicine. This suggests that medical schools' core messages about WA may be working to embed or further reinforce marginalisation, rather than to combat this. Our objective was to investigate how the value of WA is communicated by UK medical schools through their websites, and how this may create expectations regarding who is 'suitable' for medicine...
February 22, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229351/the-relationship-between-religious-coping-and-self-care-behaviors-in-iranian-medical-students
#19
Hamid Sharif Nia, Saeed Pahlevan Sharif, Amir Hossein Goudarzian, Kelly A Allen, Saman Jamali, Mohammad Ali Heydari Gorji
In recent years, researchers have identified that coping strategies are an important contributor to an individual's life satisfaction and ability to manage stress. The positive relationship between religious copings, specifically, with physical and mental health has also been identified in some studies. Spirituality and religion have been discussed rigorously in research, but very few studies exist on religious coping. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between religious coping methods (i...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228632/physical-and-psychological-characteristics-of-the-community-dwelling-elderly-with-heart-disease
#20
Takeshi Kera, Hisashi Kawai, Hideyo Yoshida, Hirohiko Hirano, Motonaga Kojima, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Kazushige Ihara, Shuichi Obuchi
Objectives Although the survival rates of patients with heart diseases, such as myocardial infarction and heart failure, have increased, the incidence of heart disease in elderly individuals has also increased. We compared characteristics of the community-dwelling elderly with heart diseases (heart disease group) and without heart diseases (non-heart disease group).Methods A total of 758 elderly individuals participated in our survey ("Otassha-kensin") in 2014. The heart disease group (47 men, 28 women) and the non-heart disease group (263 men, 420 women) were selected from among these participants...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
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