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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341818/medicine-as-it-should-be-teaching-team-and-teamwork-during-a-palliative-care-clerkship
#1
Barbara A Head, Christian Davis Furman, Andrew M Lally, Kimberly Leake, Mark Pfeifer
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional Education (IPE) is an important component of medical education. Rotations with palliative care interdisciplinary teams (IDTs) provide an optimal environment for IPE and teaching teamwork skills. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to assess the learning of senior medical students during a palliative care rotation. DESIGN: A constant comparison method based on grounded theory was used in this qualitative study. SETTING/SUBJECTS: Senior medical students completed a semi-structured reflective writing exercise after a required one-week palliative care clerkship...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341816/red-cell-indexes-made-easy-using-an-interactive-animation-do-students-and-their-scores-concur
#2
Upasana Kachroo, Elizabeth Vinod, Sivakumar Balasubramanian, Jesi W, Neetu Prince
A good understanding of red cell indexes can aid medical students in a considerable manner, serving as a basis to unravel both concepts in red cell physiology and abnormalities associated with the same. In this study, we tried to assess whether an interactive animation was helpful in improving student comprehension and understanding of red cell indexes compared with conventional classroom teaching. Eighty-eight first-year MBBS students participated, of which 44 were assigned to group A and 44 were assigned to group B after randomization...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341815/development-and-validation-of-simulated-virtual-patients-to-impart-early-clinical-exposure-in-endocrine-physiology
#3
Akriti Gupta, Satendra Singh, Farah Khaliq, Upreet Dhaliwal, S V Madhu
In the country presently, preclinical medical students are not routinely exposed to real patients. Thus, when they start clinical postings, they are found to have poor clinical reasoning skills. Simulated virtual patients (SVPs) can improve clinical skills without endangering real patients. This pilot study describes the development of two SVPs in endocrine physiology and their validation in terms of acquisition of clinical knowledge and student engagement. Two SVPs, Nandini Sharma (unintentional weight gain) and Sunil Yadav (polyuria), were created and published on the i-Human Patients platform through an iterative, interdisciplinary, and transdisciplinary collaborative process using the conceptual framework of Kim et al...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341809/modified-directed-self-learning-sessions-in-physiology-with-prereading-assignments-and-pecha-kucha-talks-perceptions-of-students
#4
Reem Rachel Abraham, Sharmila Torke, James Gonsalves, Sareesh Naduvil Narayanan, M Ganesh Kamath, Jay Prakash, Kiranmai S Rai
The present study reports perceptions of first-year undergraduate medical students ( n = 120), regarding modified directed self-learning (DSL) sessions in physiology. Students were provided with prereading assignments (faculty developed PowerPoint slides containing diagrams with incomplete labeling/flowcharts with missing steps) pertaining to the DSL topic 1 wk before the scheduled small-group DSL presentations. During DSL presentation sessions, which were facilitated by teachers, a few students individually presented learning objectives in the specified topic...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341444/teaching-clinical-leadership-to-medical-students
#5
Aileen O'Brien, Lucinda Etheridge, Judith Ibison, Anne-Marie Reid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340892/a-summer-prematriculation-program-to-help-students-succeed-in-medical-school
#6
Stephen D Schneid, April Apperson, Nora Laiken, Jess Mandel, Carolyn J Kelly, Katharina Brandl
Medical schools with a diverse student body face the challenge of ensuring that all students succeed academically. Many medical schools have implemented prematriculation programs to prepare students from diverse backgrounds; however, evidence on their impact is largely lacking. In this study, we analyzed participants' demographics as well as the impact of the prematriculation program on Year 1 performance. Predictive validity of the program was assessed and compared to other traditional predictors, including grade point average (GPA) and Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) scores and subscores...
January 16, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339939/library-instruction-in-medical-education-a-survey-of-current-practices-in-the-united-states-and-canada
#7
Amanda M Nevius, A'Llyn Ettien, Alissa P Link, Laura Y Sobel
Objective: The most recent survey on instruction practices in libraries affiliated with accredited medical institutions in the United States was conducted in 1996. The present study sought to update these data, while expanding to include Canadian libraries. Additional analysis was undertaken to test for statistically significant differences between library instruction in the United States and Canada and between libraries affiliated with highly ranked and unranked institutions. Methods: A twenty-eight-question survey was distributed to libraries affiliated with accredited US and Canadian medical schools to assess what and how often librarians teach, as well as how librarians are involved in the curriculum committee and if they are satisfied with their contact with students and faculty...
January 2018: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339675/association-of-serum-prolidase-activity-in-patients-with-isolated-coronary-artery-ectasia
#8
Erdal Aktürk, Lütfü Aşkın, Hüseyin Nacar, M Hakan Taşolar, Serdar Türkmen, Mustafa Çetin, Mehmet Bozkurt
OBJECTIVE: Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is defined as an angiographic enlargement of a portion of the coronary artery between 1.5 and 2 times the diameter of the adjacent normal coronary artery. It has been demonstrated that increased serum prolidase activity (SPA) is associated with increased collagen turnover. We aimed to analyze the relationship between CAE and serum SPA levels. METHODS: This study used a prospective case protocol design. A total of 40 consecutive patients with isolated right CAE and normal coronary arteries (23 men, 17 women; mean age, 62...
January 17, 2018: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338962/knowledge-on-asthma-food-allergies-and-anaphylaxis-assessment-of-elementary-school-teachers-parents-caregivers-of-asthmatic-children-and-university-students-in-uruguaiana-in-the-state-of-rio-grande-do-sul-brazil
#9
M Urrutia-Pereira, L P Mocellin, R B de Oliveira, L Simon, L Lessa, D Solé
INTRODUCTION: Allergic diseases have become an increasingly common reality in the last years, extending beyond the family context. OBJECTIVE: Assessing the level of knowledge on asthma, food allergies and anaphylaxis of asthmatic children's parents/caregivers (PC), elementary school teachers (EST) and university students (US) in Uruguaiana, RS, Brazil. METHOD: 577 individuals (PC - N=111; EST - N=177; US - N=299) took part in the study, answering the Newcastle Asthma Knowledge Questionnaire (validated for Portuguese) and another questionnaire on Food Allergy (FA) and anaphylaxis...
January 12, 2018: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338278/the-effects-of-interprofessional-diabetes-education-on-the-knowledge-of-medical-dentistry-and-nursing-students
#10
Maja Račić, Bojan N Joksimović, Smiljka Cicmil, Srebrenka Kusmuk, Nedeljka Ivković, Natalija Hadživuković, Milan Kulić, Biljana Mijović, Mirjana Mirić, Vedrana R Joksimović, Milena Dubravac
OBJECTIVES: Interprofessional teamwork is best attained through education that promotes mutual trust and effective communication. The primary aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of interprofessional learning on knowledge about diabetes. METHODS: The cross-sectional study included students of medicine, dentistry and nursing at the Faculty of Medicine Foča, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The students were randomly allocated into one of two groups. Group 1 attended an interprofessional course on diabetes while group 2 was divided into three subgroups and each of the subgroups attended an uniprofessional diabetes course...
November 2017: Acta Medica Academica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337041/provision-of-abortion-and-other-reproductive-health-services-among-former-midwest-access-project-trainees
#11
Debra B Stulberg, Kristie Monast, Irma H Dahlquist, Kate Palmer
OBJECTIVE: The Midwest Access Project (MAP) offers opt-in training to students, residents, and practicing clinicians in reproductive healthcare including abortion. We surveyed MAP alumni to identify current practice characteristics and assess predictors of reproductive health service provision. STUDY DESIGN: We sent an online survey to alumni of MAP's Individual Clinical Training program, 2007-2015 (n=127). The primary outcome was current provision of any abortion service...
January 11, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336622/nutritional-supplement-and-functional-food-use-among-medical-students-in-india
#12
Nitin Joseph, Abhinav Kumar, Harjas Singh, Mohammed Shaheen, Kriti Das, Apurva Shrivastava
This study was conducted to assess the pattern of use of nutritional supplements (NSs) and functional foods (FFs), reasons for their use, factors influencing their use, and perception toward their use among medical students. Data were collected from 400 randomly chosen participants using a self-administered semistructured questionnaire. The most common source of information on these substances was from medical professionals (n = 140 [35%]). Multivitamins were consumed by 48 (45.3%) participants. Most common reasons stated for the use of supplements were for good health (n = 39 [36...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336346/future-of-urology-training
#13
Selcuk Sarikaya, Aurus Dourado Meneses, Giovanni Enrico Cacciamani, Juan Gómez Rivas
Urology has become more complex through the years, as it comprises increasingly sophisticated medical and surgical technologies such as advanced medical tumour therapies, and endourological, laparoscopicand robotic surgical techniques. Training in urology starts during medical school and once a medical student chooses to specialize on it, becomes life-long. Becoming a good urologist requires a highly qualified education and sufficient experience. To devise a training programme of high proficiency, several important factors must be considered...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336332/-fatigue-syndrome-stress-burnout-and-depression-in-urology
#14
Moisés Rodríguez-Socarrás, Juan Luis Vasquez, Pieter Uvin, Pernille Skjold-Kingo, Juan Gómez Rivas
OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors related to stress, Burnout and depression in urology, as well as consequences in residents and urologists, in addition to the possible applicable strategies to diminish and treat them. ACQUISITION OF THE EVIDENCE: Depression, stress and Burnout syndrome has become a problem in urology specialty. These topics have gained interest in international congresses and urological associations. Efforts are being made to find related factors as well as possible strategies and applicable support programs...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336278/use-of-2015-beers-criteria-medications-by-older-medicare-beneficiaries
#15
Rajul Patel, Leona Zhu, Dilraj Sohal, Elena Lenkova, Nichole Koshki, Joseph Woelfel, Carly Ranson, Cynthia S Valle-Oseguera, Edward L Rogan
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) in community-dwelling Medicare beneficiaries based on the updated 2015 American Geriatrics Society Beers criteria. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Thirteen mobile Medicare clinics were held throughout Northern and Central California during the fall of 2015. PATIENTS, PARTICIPANTS: Noninstitutionalized Medicare beneficiaries 65 years of age and older taking one or more medications...
January 1, 2018: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336276/streamlining-the-medication-review-process-by-use-of-a-new-review-tool-chart
#16
Quincy Ostrem, Stephen Carlson, Brady Hamilton
OBJECTIVE: The Carlson-Hamilton Adult Medication Review Tool (CHART) represents an effort to improve the approach to geriatric care by streamlining the medication review process and identifying potential medication issues that may be relevant to patient's cognitive presentation and impact clinical decision making. SETTING: CHART was created at a behavioral health facility. The most common primary diagnoses on this unit include new onset psychosis and recent mental status changes...
January 1, 2018: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336206/working-in-global-health-a-planning-and-implementation-framework-for-international-electives
#17
Sarah T Thomas, Elizabeth T Thomas, Michelle McLean
PURPOSE: Propose a framework for planning and undertaking an international elective. METHODS: On returning from conducting maternal health and well-being research in several remote communities in India, two undergraduate medical students have reflected on and documented their experiences with the view to assisting other students (and their supervisors) considering undertaking an international elective. RESULTS: A framework for undertaking clinical or research electives in remote or rural communities is presented...
January 16, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335907/content-of-first-prenatal-visits
#18
J Dyer, G Latendresse, E Cole, J Coleman, E Rothwell
Objective The purpose of this study was to examine the content of the first prenatal visit within an academic medical center clinic and to compare the topics discussed to 2014 American College of Obstetrics and Gynecologists guidelines for the initial prenatal visit. Methods Clinical interactions were audio recorded and transcribed (n = 30). A content analysis was used to identify topics discussed during the initial prenatal visit. Topics discussed were then compared to the 2014 ACOG guidelines for adherence...
January 15, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335014/cost-effectiveness-study-of-early-versus-late-parenteral-nutrition-in-critically-ill-children-pepanic-preplanned-secondary-analysis-of-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Esther van Puffelen, Suzanne Polinder, Ilse Vanhorebeek, Pieter Jozef Wouters, Niek Bossche, Guido Peers, Sören Verstraete, Koen Felix Maria Joosten, Greet Van den Berghe, Sascha Cornelis Antonius Theodorus Verbruggen, Dieter Mesotten
BACKGROUND: The multicentre randomised controlled PEPaNIC trial showed that withholding parenteral nutrition (PN) during the first week of critical illness in children was clinically superior to providing early PN. This study describes the cost-effectiveness of this new nutritional strategy. METHODS: Direct medical costs were calculated with use of a micro-costing approach. We compared the costs of late versus early initiation of PN (n = 673 versus n = 670 patients) in the Belgian and Dutch study populations from a hospital perspective, using Student's t test with bootstrapping...
January 15, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334974/prevalence-of-dysmenorrhea-and-predictors-of-its-pain-intensity-among-palestinian-female-university-students
#20
Heba A Abu Helwa, Areen A Mitaeb, Suha Al-Hamshri, Waleed M Sweileh
BACKGROUND: Few studies on gynaecological problems of young females in Arab countries were published. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of dysmenorrhea and predictors of its pain among university students in Palestine. METHODS: A cross - sectional study was carried out on a randomly selected sample of An-Najah National University female students. A pre-designed questionnaire, which included questions regarding menstrual cycle, pain during menstruation, life style, nutritional habits, and symptoms associated with menstrual pain, was used...
January 15, 2018: BMC Women's Health
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