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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100591/outcomes-of-complicated-appendicitis-is-conservative-management-as-smooth-as-it-seems
#1
Katelyn A Young, Nina M Neuhaus, Marcus Fluck, Joseph A Blansfield, Marie A Hunsinger, Mohsen M Shabahang, Denise M Torres, Kenneth A Widom, Jeffrey L Wild
BACKGROUND: This study characterized the failure rate of non-operative management (NOM) for complicated appendicitis (CA; perforation, abscess, phlegmon), and compared outcomes among patients undergoing acute appendectomy (AA), elective interval appendectomy (EIA), and unplanned appendectomy after failing to improve with NOM. METHODS: Adults treated at one facility between 2007 and 2014 were retrospectively studied. RESULTS: Ninety-five patients presented with CA...
October 31, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921009/radiation-overexposure-from-repeated-ct-scans-in-young-adults-with-acute-abdominal-pain
#2
Massimo Tonolini, Elena Valconi, Angelo Vanzulli, Roberto Bianco
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to assess the dose of ionizing radiation caused by repeated CT scans performed to investigate non-traumatic acute abdominal conditions in young adults. METHODS: Over 26 months, we collected a cohort of patients aged 18 to 45 years who were subject to at least one urgent contrast-enhanced abdomen/pelvis CT. Patients affected with urolithiasis, HIV infection, tumors, and vascular and chronic inflammatory bowel diseases were excluded...
September 18, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782080/awareness-of-stomach-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-factors-symptoms-and-time-taken-to-seek-medical-help-among-public-attending-primary-care-setting-in-muscat-governorate-oman
#3
Mohammed Al-Azri, Jamila Al-Kindi, Thuraiya Al-Harthi, Manal Al-Dahri, Sathiya Murthi Panchatcharam, Abdullah Al-Maniri
Colorectal and stomach cancers are the top ranking cancers in Oman. Most of the patients are diagnosed at advanced disease stages. The aim of this study is to explore the knowledge of risk factors, symptoms and the time needed to seek medical care for stomach cancer and colorectal cancer (CRC) among Omani participants attending 28 local health centres (LHCs) in the governorate of Muscat, the capital city of Oman. The Bowel Cancer/CRC Awareness Measure (CAM) questionnaire (translated into Arabic) was used to collect data from Omani adult participants (aged 18 years and above) who attended the LHCs during the study period...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523473/young-colorectal-cancer-patients-often-present-too-late
#4
Jia-Hao Law, Frederick H Koh, Ker-Kan Tan
PURPOSE: Current screening and health education strategies on colorectal cancer (CRC) remain focused on individuals >50 years old. However, CRC in young adults is not uncommon. This paper aims to explore how CRC presents in young adults and their clinical outcomes. METHODS: All patients aged <50 years diagnosed with CRC from January 2007 to December 2015 were reviewed. Patient demographics, clinical symptoms, and outcomes of treatment were collected. RESULTS: Of 1367 patients diagnosed with CRC, 154 (11...
August 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419714/young-people-s-beliefs-about-the-risk-of-bowel-cancer-and-its-link-with-physical-activity
#5
Katie V Newby, Chloe Cook, Susanne F Meisel, Thomas L Webb, Bernadette Fisher, Abi Fisher
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to explore young people's risk appraisals of bowel cancer, including whether they had a coherent understanding of the protective effects of physical activity (PA). A secondary objective was to examine whether the illness risk representations (IRRs) framework could be used to understand beliefs underlying bowel cancer risk appraisals. DESIGN: Qualitative. METHODS: Framework analysis of semi-structured interviews with 19 people aged 14-17 years...
April 17, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045204/increased-non-melanoma-skin-cancer-risk-in-young-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-on-immunomodulatory-therapy-a-retrospective-single-centre-cohort-study
#6
J Clowry, J Sheridan, R Healy, S Deady, D Keegan, K Byrne, G Cullen, H Mulcahy, H Comber, A C Parnell, G Doherty, A Lally
BACKGROUND: Recent studies report an increased risk of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) in immunosuppressed patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Concurrently, paediatric IBD incidence is rising, with more patients now exposed to immunomodulators from a younger age. OBJECTIVES: To investigate NMSC incidence and to examine the risk associated with immunomodulators in the development of NMSC in patients with IBD. METHODS: This was a retrospective single-centre cohort study...
June 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889570/inhibitor-of-apoptosis-protein-1-regulates-tumor-necrosis-factor-mediated-destruction-of-intestinal-epithelial-cells
#7
Thomas Grabinger, Konstantin J Bode, Janine Demgenski, Carina Seitz, M Eugenia Delgado, Feodora Kostadinova, Cindy Reinhold, Nima Etemadi, Sabine Wilhelm, Matthias Schweinlin, Kay Hänggi, Janin Knop, Christof Hauck, Heike Walles, John Silke, Harald Wajant, Ueli Nachbur, Wong W Wei-Lynn, Thomas Brunner
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is a cytokine that promotes inflammation and contributes to pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases. Unlike other cells and tissues, intestinal epithelial cells undergo rapid cell death upon exposure to TNF, by unclear mechanisms. We investigated the roles of inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAPs) in the regulation of TNF-induced cell death in the intestinal epithelium of mice and intestinal organoids. METHODS: RNA from cell lines and tissues was analyzed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction, protein levels were analyzed by immunoblot assays...
March 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807019/abdominal-tuberculosis-an-old-disease-surprising-young-doctors
#8
Marta David Sousa, Joana Batista, Patricia Pacheco, Vitor Nunes
Tuberculosis remains a worldwide public health concern. Atypical extrapulmonary presentations may delay the diagnosis and treatment. We present the case of an adult woman admitted to the emergency department with bowel obstruction. The putative intraoperative diagnostic hypothesis was ovarian cancer with peritoneal dissemination. Histopathological analysis showed a chronic granulomatous inflammatory disease with acid-fast bacilli. The patient was started on an alternative parenteral antituberculosis drug combination until oral feeding was available...
November 2, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689329/age-and-cellular-context-influence-rectal-prolapse-formation-in-mice-with-caecal-wall-colorectal-cancer-xenografts
#9
Joke Tommelein, Félix Gremonprez, Laurine Verset, Elly De Vlieghere, Glenn Wagemans, Christian Gespach, Tom Boterberg, Pieter Demetter, Wim Ceelen, Marc Bracke, Olivier De Wever
In patients with rectal prolapse is the prevalence of colorectal cancer increased, suggesting that a colorectal tumor may induce rectal prolapse. Establishment of tumor xenografts in immunodeficient mice after orthotopic inoculations of human colorectal cancer cells into the caecal wall is a widely used approach for the study of human colorectal cancer progression and preclinical evaluation of therapeutics. Remarkably, 70% of young mice carrying a COLO320DM caecal tumor showed symptoms of intussusception of the large bowel associated with intestinal lumen obstruction and rectal prolapse...
November 15, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26509172/a-media-and-clinic-intervention-to-increase-colorectal-cancer-screening-in-ohio-appalachia
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jessica L Krok-Schoen, Mira L Katz, Jill M Oliveri, Gregory S Young, Michael L Pennell, Paul L Reiter, Jesse J Plascak, Michael D Slater, Janice L Krieger, Cathy M Tatum, Electra D Paskett
OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of a colorectal cancer (CRC) screening intervention among adults living in Ohio Appalachia. METHODS: We conducted a group-randomized trial of a county-level intervention among adults living in 12 Ohio Appalachian counties who received a media campaign and clinic intervention focused on either CRC screening or fruits and vegetables. Participants' percentage within CRC screening guidelines was assessed with cross-sectional surveys conducted annually for four years, and validated with medical record review of screening...
2015: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26258401/patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis-have-increased-cardiovascular-and-cerebrovascular-mortality-a-population-based-study
#11
Nisha Nigil Haroon, J Michael Paterson, Ping Li, Robert D Inman, Nigil Haroon
BACKGROUND: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory arthritis affecting the spine in young adults. It is associated with excess cardiovascular and cerebrovascular morbidity. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether patients with AS are at increased risk for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular mortality. DESIGN: Population-based retrospective cohort study using administrative health data. SETTING: Ontario, Canada...
September 15, 2015: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25986630/seeking-health-information-online-association-with-young-australian-women-s-physical-mental-and-reproductive-health
#12
Ingrid Jean Rowlands, Deborah Loxton, Annette Dobson, Gita Devi Mishra
BACKGROUND: Relatively little is known about the extent to which young adults use the Internet as a health information resource and whether there are factors that distinguish between those who do and do not go online for health information. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to identify the sociodemographic, physical, mental, and reproductive health factors associated with young women's use of the Internet for health information. METHODS: We used data from 17,069 young women aged 18-23 years who participated in the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health...
2015: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25918193/thyroid-cancer-and-t-lymphoblastic-leukemia-in-crohn-disease-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
REVIEW
Ja Min Byun, Sun Kyung Baek, Hwi-Joong Yoon, Si-Young Kim, Chi Hoon Maeng, Tae Sung Park, Hyo-Jong Kim, Yun Young Choi, Yu Jin Um
The effectiveness of the tumor necrosis-α (TNF-α) blockade has changed the treatment of several chronic inflammatory diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease; however, this treatment also has disadvantages. The use of immunosuppressants in combination with infliximab has been associated with greater risk of developing malignant neoplasms. Herein, we report the case of a 33-year-old ethnic Korean man with Crohn disease (CD) who developed papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and, subsequently, T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) after approximately 16...
2015: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25370966/the-role-of-t-cell-potassium-channels-kv1-3-and-kca3-1-in-the-inflammatory-cascade-in-ulcerative-colitis
#14
REVIEW
Lars Koch Hansen
Ulcerative Colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease located in the mucosa of the large bowel. UC often affects young adults between 15 and 40 years of age with no pre-dominant sex. Over time, incidence rates are steadily increasing and the cause of the disease remains unknown. Symptoms are general discomfort and bloody diarrhea. UC is diagnosed by endoscopic examination of the large bowel, where different hallmarks are found. It is of great importance that attacks/relapses are treated medically, as flares may cause death due to inflammatory destruction of the mucosa and perforation of the colon leading to extreme infection of the abdominal cavity...
November 2014: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25135754/clinical-utility-and-diagnostic-accuracy-of-faecal-calprotectin-for-ibd-at-first-presentation-to-gastroenterology-services-in-adults-aged-16-50-years
#15
MULTICENTER STUDY
Nicholas A Kennedy, Annalie Clark, Andrew Walkden, Jeff C W Chang, Federica Fascí-Spurio, Martina Muscat, Brydon W Gordon, Kathleen Kingstone, Jack Satsangi, Ian D R Arnott, Charlie W Lees
BACKGROUND: Distinguishing inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) from functional gastrointestinal (GI) disease remains an important issue for gastroenterologists and primary care physicians, and may be difficult on the basis of symptoms alone. Faecal calprotectin (FC) is a surrogate marker for intestinal inflammation but not cancer. AIM: This large retrospective study aimed to determine the most effective use of FC in patients aged 16-50 presenting with GI symptoms. METHODS: FC results were obtained for patients presenting to the GI clinics in Edinburgh between 2005 and 2009 from the Edinburgh Faecal Calprotectin Registry containing FCs from >16,000 patients...
January 2015: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24969294/inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-neoplasia-in-children
#16
REVIEW
Paul A Rufo
Advances in our understanding of the pathophysiology of ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease have led to the widespread use of increasingly potent immunosuppressive therapies. This has greatly benefited the majority of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and has resulted in improved overall clinical outcomes and quality of life. However, a growing body of data now indicates that long-term use of these agents may at the same time place patients at risk for a number of adverse effects, including colorectal and skin cancer, as well as lymphoma...
2014: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24833941/inflammatory-bowel-disease-an-expanding-global-health-problem
#17
REVIEW
Amosy E M'Koma
This review provides a summary of the global epidemiology of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). It is now clear that IBD is increasing worldwide and has become a global emergence disease. IBD, which includes Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), has been considered a problem in industrial-urbanized societies and attributed largely to a Westernized lifestyle and other associated environmental factors. Its incidence and prevalence in developing countries is steadily rising and has been attributed to the rapid modernization and Westernization of the population...
2013: Clinical Medicine Insights. Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24586848/reconstructing-the-life-of-an-unknown-ca-500-years-old-south-american-inca-mummy-multidisciplinary-study-of-a-peruvian-inca-mummy-suggests-severe-chagas-disease-and-ritual-homicide
#18
Stephanie Panzer, Oliver Peschel, Brigitte Haas-Gebhard, Beatrice E Bachmeier, Carsten M Pusch, Andreas G Nerlich
The paleopathological, paleoradiological, histological, molecular and forensic investigation of a female mummy (radiocarbon dated 1451-1642 AD) provides circumstantial evidence for massive skull trauma affecting a young adult female individual shortly before death along with chronic infection by Trypanosoma cruzi (Chagas disease). The mummy (initially assumed to be a German bog body) was localized by stable isotope analysis to South America at/near the Peruvian/Northern Chilean coast line. This is further supported by New World camelid fibers attached to her plaits, typical Inca-type skull deformation and the type of Wormian bone at her occiput...
2014: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24393412/the-increasing-incidence-of-young-onset-colorectal-cancer-a-call-to-action
#19
Dennis J Ahnen, Sally W Wade, Whitney F Jones, Randa Sifri, Jose Mendoza Silveiras, Jasmine Greenamyer, Stephanie Guiffre, Jennifer Axilbund, Andrew Spiegel, Y Nancy You
In the United States, colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common and second most lethal cancer. More than one-tenth of CRC cases (11% of colon cancers and 18% of rectal cancers) have a young onset (ie, occurring in individuals younger than 50 years). The CRC incidence and mortality rates are decreasing among all age groups older than 50 years, yet increasing in younger individuals for whom screening use is limited and key symptoms may go unrecognized. Familial syndromes account for approximately 20% of young-onset CRCs, and the remainder are typically microsatellite stable cancers, which are more commonly diploid than similar tumors in older individuals...
February 2014: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24358421/biopsy-case-mix-and-diagnostic-yield-at-a-malawian-central-hospital
#20
P Mtonga, L Masamba, D Milner, L N Shulman, R Nyirenda, K Mwafulirwa
Cancer is a major disease burden worldwide resulting in high morbidity and mortality. It is the leading cause of mortality in developed countries and is one of the three leading causes of death for adults in developing countries. Pathological examination of tissue biopsies with histological confirmation of a correct cancer diagnosis is central to cancer care. Without an accurate and specific pathologic diagnosis, effective treatment cannot be planned or delivered. In addition, there are marked geographical variations in incidence of cancer overall, and of the specific cancers seen...
September 2013: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
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