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Inspiratory training

Daniel Langer, Casey E Ciavaglia, Azmy Faisal, Katherine A Webb, J Alberto Neder, Rik Gosselink, Sauwaluk Dacha, Marko Topalovic, Anna Ivanova, Denis E O'Donnell
Among patients with COPD, those with the lowest maximal inspiratory pressures experience greater breathing discomfort (dyspnea) during exercise. In such individuals, inspiratory muscle training (IMT) may be associated with improvement of dyspnea but the mechanisms for this are poorly understood. Therefore, we aimed to identify physiological mechanisms of improvement in dyspnea and exercise endurance following inspiratory muscle training (IMT) in patients with COPD and low maximal inspiratory pressure (Pi,max)...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
Mayron F Oliveira, Rita C Santos, Suellen A Artz, Vanessa M F Mendez, Denise M L Lobo, Edileide B Correia, Almir S Ferraz, Iracema I K Umeda, Priscila A Sperandio
BACKGROUND: Exercise training (ET) improves functional capacity in chronic heart failure (HF). However, ET effects in acute HF are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of ET alone or combined with noninvasive ventilation (NIV) compared with standard medical treatment during hospitalization in acute HF patients. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients (systolic HF) were randomized into three groups: control (Control - only standard medical treatment); ET with placebo NIV (ET+Sham) and ET+NIV (NIV with 14 and 8 cmH2O of inspiratory and expiratory pressure, respectively)...
March 12, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Maria Kerti, Zsuzsanna Balogh, Krisztina Kelemen, Janos T Varga
Rationale: The relationship of functional parameters such as lung mechanics, chest kinematics, metabolism and peripheral and respiratory muscle function with the level of exercise tolerance remains a controversial subject. While it has been previously shown that pulmonary rehabilitation is capable of improving exercise tolerance in patients afflicted by COPD, as expressed by values of 6-minute walking test (6MWT), the degree of contribution to this change by each of the aforementioned parameters remains unclear...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Enya Daynes, Neil J Greening, Theresa C Harvey-Dunstan, Sally J Singh
BACKGROUND: COPD is characterized by expiratory flow limitation, which results in symptomatic dyspnea and reduced exercise capacity. Changes in breathing mechanics mean the respiratory muscles are unable to respond to the ventilatory demands, increasing the sensation of dyspnea. A high-frequency oscillating device has been developed to improve dyspnea in patients with COPD. We conducted a feasibility trial to gain insight into the potential for recruitment, retention, and study design for a future randomized controlled trial...
March 13, 2018: Respiratory Care
Musetta C Fu, Basia Belza, Huong Nguyen, Rebecca Logsdon, Steven Demorest
PURPOSE: Participating in a group-singing program may be beneficial to healthy aging through engaging in active music-making activities and breathing exercises. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and impact of a 12-week group singing program on cognitive function, lung health and quality of life (QoL) of older adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A pre and post-test quasi-experimental design evaluated the impact of a group-singing program on older adult health...
February 23, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Emil Osman Thybo Karanfil, Ann Merete Møller
INTRODUCTION: Post-operative pulmonary complications are a common cause of morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing heart surgery. The aim of this systematic review was to determine if preoperative inspiratory muscle training could prevent the development of pneumonia and atelectasis in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or heart valve surgery. METHODS: Systematic searches were performed in MEDLINE, Embase and the Cochrane Library. The included studies compared the development of pneumonia and atelectasis in CABG patients or heart valve surgery patients who were prescribed either preoperative inspiratory muscle training or usual care...
March 2018: Danish Medical Journal
Tatiana Odinets, Yuriy Briskin, Maryan Pityn
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of an individualized physical rehabilitation programs aimed at improving respiratory function in women with post-mastectomy syndrome. METHODS: In a randomized controlled trial 50 women with post-mastectomy syndrome were enrolled in the experimental group (EG, n = 25) or the comparison group (CG, n = 25). The program for the EG included: aqua aerobics (i.e. aqua jogging, aqua building, and aqua stretching); conditional swimming; and recreational aerobics...
February 26, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Iacopo Cappellini, Fabio Picciafuochi, Daniele Ostento, Ginevra Danti, Angelo Raffaele De Gaudio, Chiara Adembri
BACKGROUND: The extensive use of neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) during surgical procedures still leads to potential residual paralyzing effects in the postoperative period. Indeed, neuromuscular monitoring in an intra-operative setting is strongly advocated. Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors can reverse muscle block, but their short half-life may lead to residual curarization in the ward, especially when intermediate or long-acting NMBAs have been administered. Sugammadex is the first selective reversal drug for steroidal NMBAs; it has been shown to give full and rapid recovery of muscle strength, thus minimizing the occurrence of residual curarization...
February 21, 2018: Trials
Maria À Cebrià I Iranzo, Mercè Balasch I Bernat, María Á Tortosa-Chuliá, Sebastià Balasch-Parisi
This study compares the effects of two resistance training programs in peripheral and respiratory musculature on muscle mass and strength and physical performance, and identify the appropriate muscle mass parameter for assessing the intervention effects. Thirty-seven institutionalized older Spanish adults with sarcopenia were analyzed: Control Group (n=17), Respiratory Muscle Training Group (n=9) and Peripheral Muscle Training Group (n=11). Pre and post-intervention, participants were assessed for Appendicular Skeletal Mass (ASM/height2; ASM/weight; ASM/BMI), isometric knee-extension, arm-flexion and handgrip strength, Inspiratory and Expiratory Maximal Pressures (MIP and MEP), and gait speed...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Aaron B Holley, Wesley D Boose, Michael Perkins, Karen L Sheikh, Nancy P Solomon, Angela M Dietsch, Jafar Vossoughi, Arthur T Johnson, Jacob F Collen
Introduction: Following reports of respiratory symptoms among service members returning from deployment to South West Asia (SWA), an expert panel recommended pre-deployment spirometry be used to assess disease burden. Unfortunately, testing with spirometry is high cost and time-consuming. The airflow perturbation device (APD) is a handheld monitor that rapidly measures respiratory resistance (APD-Rr) and has promising but limited clinical data. Its speed and portability make it ideally suited for large volume pre-deployment screening...
February 7, 2018: Military Medicine
Ren-Jay Shei, Robert F Chapman, Allison H Gruber, Timothy D Mickleborough
Thoracic load carriage (LC) exercise impairs exercise performance compared to unloaded exercise, partially due to impaired respiratory mechanics. We investigated the effects of LC on exercise and diaphragmatic fatigue in a constant-load exercise task; and whether inspiratory muscle training (IMT) improved exercise capacity and diaphragmatic fatigue with LC. Twelve recreationally active males completed three separate running trials to exhaustion (Tlim ) at a fixed speed eliciting 70% of their V˙O2max . The first two trials were completed either unloaded (UL) or while carrying a 10 kg backpack (LC)...
February 2018: Physiological Reports
Jing Wu, Li Kuang, Lijuan Fu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients. DESIGN: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, CINHAL, and CBMdisc to collect controlled trials on the application of inspiratory muscle training in CHF patients from the establishment of these databases to November 2016. Two reviewers independently screened literature according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, extracted data, and assessed the quality of literature...
February 8, 2018: Congenital Heart Disease
Paulo A F Magalhães, Carlos A Camillo, Daniel Langer, Lívia B Andrade, Maria do Carmo M B Duarte, Rik Gosselink
INTRODUCTION: Respiratory muscle dysfunction, being a common cause of weaning failure, is strongly associated with prolonged mechanical ventilation (MV) and prolonged stay in intensive care units. Inspiratory muscle training (IMT) has been described as an important contributor to the treatment of respiratory muscle dysfunction in critically ill patients. Its effectiveness is however yet controversial. OBJECTIVE: To discuss evidence for assessment of readiness and the effectiveness of interventions for liberation from MV, with special attention to the role of IMT...
January 2018: Respiratory Medicine
Nataly Gurgel Campos, Débora Fortes Marizeiro, Ana Carolina Lins Florêncio, Ítalo Caldas Silva, Gdayllon Cavalcante Meneses, Gabriela Freire Bezerra, Alice Maria Costa Martins, Alexandre Braga Libório
INTRODUCTION: Hemodialysis (HD) patients have altered pulmonary function and this is associated with impaired endothelial function and cardiovascular events. Respiratory muscle training (RMT) has the potential to improve cardiovascular outcomes in patients undergoing maintenance HD. Here, we evaluated the effects of RMT on endothelium/glycocalyx, oxidative stress biomarkers and pulmonary function test in HD patients. METHODS: This is a randomized controlled clinical trial including 41 patients undergoing thrice-weekly maintenance HD...
January 2018: Respiratory Medicine
Taciana Freitas Agrelli, Marisa de Carvalho Borges, Fernanda Maria Rodrigues da Cunha, Élida Mara Carneiro da Silva, Júverson Alves Terra Júnior, Eduardo Crema
PURPOSE: To compare pulmonary and nutritional parameters before and after inspiratory muscle training (IMT) and enteral feeding support in patients with esophageal disease undergoing preoperative outpatient follow-up. METHODS: Thirty patients with a mean age of 55.83 years, 16 men and 14 women, were included. Pulmonary assessment consisted of the measurement of MIP, MEP, and spirometry. Anthropometric measurements and laboratory tests were performed for nutritional assessment...
January 2018: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
Ilknur Naz, Sevgi Ozalevli, Serir Ozkan, Hulya Sahin
PURPOSE: This study investigated the effects of an exercise program on functional capacity and quality of life in patients with stage 3 and stage 4 sarcoidosis. METHODS: Eighteen patients with stage 3 and 4 sarcoidosis were recruited; 9 received 12 wk of supervised exercise training and 9 received usual care. Patients underwent the following evaluations at baseline and follow-up: 6-min walk test, maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressure tests, back and leg dynamometer test, modified Medical Research Council Dyspnea Scale, Fatigue Severity Scale, St George Respiratory Questionnaire, Short Form-36 Quality of Life Questionnaire, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Questionnaire, body plethysmography, carbon monoxide diffusing capacity test, and blood gas analysis...
March 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Tony McDonald, Kathy Stiller
Objective To investigate the feasibility and safety and, to a lesser extent efficacy, of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) for patients with acute complete cervical or thoracic spinal cord injury (SCI). Design Prospective, observational pilot study comprising a series of case reports. Setting Tertiary care, public hospital. Participants Seven adult subjects with an acute complete cervical or thoracic SCI. Interventions Participants received IMT as soon as their respiratory condition was stable. A high-resistance, low-repetition program of IMT using a POWERbreathe KH1 device was instituted...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
L M Sandoval Moreno, I C Casas Quiroga, E C Wilches Luna, A F García
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of respiratory muscular training in the weaning of mechanical ventilation and respiratory muscle strength in patients on mechanical ventilation of 48hours or more. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial of parallel groups, double-blind. Ambit: Intensive Care Unit of a IV level clinic in the city of Cali. PATIENTS: 126 patients in mechanical ventilation for 48hours or more. INTERVENTIONS: The experimental group received daily a respiratory muscle training program with treshold, adjusted to 50% of maximal inspiratory pressure, additional to standard care, conventional received standard care of respiratory physiotherapy...
February 2, 2018: Medicina Intensiva
Joseph B Miller, Alexander Lee, Julian P Suszanski, Madison Tustian, Jessica Levely Corcoran, Steven Moore, Lauren Rodriguez, Christopher A Lewandowski
INTRODUCTION: Retrospective data indicates that dehydration in acute ischemic stroke patients may be common, even though these patients frequently have elevated blood pressure. We sought to evaluate clinical and laboratory measures of intravascular volume status compared to more objective measures using ultrasound measurements of the inferior vena cava (IVC). METHODS: This was a prospective observation study of acute ischemic stroke patients in the emergency department...
January 29, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Nicolino Ambrosino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
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