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Respiratory rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931986/a-comparison-of-the-swallowing-function-and-quality-of-life-by-oral-intake-level-in-stroke-patients-with-dysphagia
#1
Deok Gi Hong, Doo Han Yoo
[Purpose] This study was conducted to compare the swallowing function and quality of life (QOL) in stroke patients with dysphagia by oral intake level. [Subjects and Methods] Seventy-nine stroke patients with dysphagia were enrolled. All subjects were evaluated by using the Swallowing Function Test (SFT) and the Swallowing Quality of Life (SWAL-QOL) questionnaire. The subjects were divided into two group based on the SFT score: oral intake (OI) and non-oral intake (NOI) groups. The SFT and SWAL-QOL scores were then compared between the groups...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928190/interdisciplinary-model-of-care-radicals-for-early-detection-and-management-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-in-australian-primary-care-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Jenifer Liang, Michael J Abramson, Nicholas Zwar, Grant Russell, Anne E Holland, Billie Bonevski, Ajay Mahal, Benjamin van Hecke, Kirsten Phillips, Paula Eustace, Eldho Paul, Kate Petrie, Sally Wilson, Johnson George
INTRODUCTION: Up to half of all smokers develop clinically significant chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Gaps exist in the implementation and uptake of evidence-based guidelines for managing COPD in primary care. We describe the methodology of a cluster randomised controlled trial (cRCT) evaluating the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of an interdisciplinary model of care aimed at reducing the burden of smoking and COPD in Australian primary care settings. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A cRCT is being undertaken to evaluate an interdisciplinary model of care (RADICALS - Review of Airway Dysfunction and Interdisciplinary Community-based care of Adult Long-term Smokers)...
September 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924245/understanding-the-factors-affecting-self-management-of-copd-from-the-perspectives-of-healthcare-practitioners-a-qualitative-study
#3
Oladapo J Ogunbayo, Sian Russell, James J Newham, Karen Heslop-Marshall, Paul Netts, Barbara Hanratty, Eileen Kaner
Self-management is recognised as an essential criteria for the provision of high quality care for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The management of COPD is usually delivered by a wide range of healthcare practitioners. This study aimed to understand the factors affecting self-management of COPD from the perspectives of the different multidisciplinary healthcare teams involved in COPD care. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with participants from primary care, specialist respiratory and pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) teams...
September 18, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919733/cycle-ergometer-and-inspiratory-muscle-training-offer-modest-benefit-compared-with-cycle-ergometer-alone-a-comprehensive-assessment-in-stable-copd-patients
#4
Kai Wang, Guang-Qiao Zeng, Rui Li, Yu-Wen Luo, Mei Wang, Yu-He Hu, Wen-Hui Xu, Lu-Qian Zhou, Rong-Chang Chen, Xin Chen
BACKGROUND: Cycle ergometer training (CET) has been shown to improve exercise performance of the quadriceps muscles in patients with COPD, and inspiratory muscle training (IMT) may improve the pressure-generating capacity of the inspiratory muscles. However, the effects of combined CET and IMT remain unclear and there is a lack of comprehensive assessment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-one patients with COPD were randomly allocated to three groups: 28 received 8 weeks of CET + IMT (combined training group), 27 received 8 weeks of CET alone (CET group), and 26 only received 8 weeks of free walking (control group)...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919729/psychometric-properties-of-the-korean-version-of-the-pulmonary-rehabilitation-adapted-index-of-self-efficacy-praise-for-individuals-with-copd
#5
Hee-Young Song, Kyoung A Nam
PURPOSE: Self-efficacy is related to the emotional functioning and coping skills of an individual and is thought to be a predictor of health behaviors, which are particularly important for pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). To our knowledge, no measure of self-efficacy has been validated to explore behavior changes in the context of PR for patients with COPD in Korea. This study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Korean version of the Pulmonary Rehabilitation Adapted Index of Self-Efficacy (PRAISE)...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915856/exercise-prescription-for-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-potential-benefits-and-practical-recommendations
#6
Farzin Halabchi, Zahra Alizadeh, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Maryam Abolhasani
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) can result in significant mental and physical symptoms, specially muscle weakness, abnormal walking mechanics, balance problems, spasticity, fatigue, cognitive impairment and depression. Patients with MS frequently decrease physical activity due to the fear from worsening the symptoms and this can result in reconditioning. Physicians now believe that regular exercise training is a potential solution for limiting the reconditioning process and achieving an optimal level of patient activities, functions and many physical and mental symptoms without any concern about triggering the onset or exacerbation of disease symptoms or relapse...
September 16, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912165/holistic-care-of-complicated-tuberculosis-in-healthcare-settings-with-limited-resources
#7
Trevor Duke, Sharon Kasa Tom, Harry Poka, Henry Welch
In recent years, most of the focus on improving the quality of paediatric care in low-income countries has been on improving primary care using the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness, and improving triage and emergency treatment in hospitals aimed at reducing deaths in the first 24 hours. There has been little attention paid to improving the quality of care for children with chronic or complex diseases. Children with complicated forms of tuberculosis (TB), including central nervous system and chronic pulmonary TB, provide examples of acute and chronic multisystem paediatric illnesses that commonly present to district-level and second-level referral hospitals in low-income countries...
September 14, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911936/exercise-training-in-patients-with-pulmonary-and-systemic-hypertension-a-unique-therapy-for-two-different-diseases
#8
REVIEW
Massimo Leggio, Augusto Fusco, Giorgio Limongelli, Luca Sgorbini
Pulmonary hypertension is a potentially life-threatening condition. Given its evolving definition, the incidence and prevalence of the disease is difficult to define, but registries suggest an increased global awareness. The management of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension is highly specialised and requires multi-disciplinary input from a range of healthcare professionals, including cardiologists, respiratory physicians, rheumatologists, rehabilitation physicians and cardio-pulmonary physiotherapists...
September 11, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903627/reliability-and-minimal-detectable-change-of-a-new-treadmill-based-progressive-workload-incremental-test-to-measure-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-manual-wheelchair-users
#9
Cindy Gauthier, Jasmine Arel, Rachel Brosseau, Audrey L Hicks, Dany H Gagnon
Background Cardiorespiratory fitness training is commonly provided to manual wheelchair users (MWUs) in rehabilitation and physical activity programs, emphasizing the need for a reliable task-specific incremental wheelchair propulsion test. Objective Quantifying test-retest reliability and minimal detectable change (MDC) of key cardiorespiratory fitness measures following performance of a newly developed continuous treadmill-based wheelchair propulsion test (WPTTreadmill). Methods Twenty-five MWUs completed the WPTTreadmill on two separate occasions within one week...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898146/book-reviews-ultrasound-edited-by-leslie-m-scoutt-ulrike-m-hamper-teresita-l-angtuaco-oxford-university-press-2017-price-%C3%A2-112-50-pp-696-isbn-978-0-19-998810-5-geriatric-rehabilitation-from-bedside-to-curbside-k-rao-poduri-crc-press-2017-price-%C3%A2-140-pp-678
#10
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894957/efficacy-of-a%C3%A2-multidisciplinary-pulmonary-rehabilitation-outpatient-program-on-exacerbations-in-overweight-and-obese-patients-with-asthma
#11
Ipek Candemir, Pinar Ergun, Dicle Kaymaz
BACKGROUND: Even though many studies have investigated the effectiveness of weight loss interventions, the efficacy of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) has not yet been proven in obese patients with asthma. The aims of this study were to investigate the efficacy of PR on asthma exacerbations in the first year after PR and to evaluate the efficacy of PR in exercise capacity, quality of life, psychosocial symptoms and control of asthma in overweight patients. METHODS: The exercise capacity, health-related quality of life scores, psychosocial symptoms, asthma control test (ACT) data, number of emergency admissions and hospitalizations of 35 overweight patients with asthma who completed a 1-year multidisciplinary PR program were recorded and analyzed...
September 11, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892311/-how-i-treat-a-patient-with-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#12
J Guiot, B Duysinx, O Bonhomme, R Louis, J-L Corhay
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a rare disorder of unknown origin, which is associated with a high mortality and whose incidence has been increasing for several years. Nowadays there are two anti-fibrotic therapies (pirfenidone - nintedanib) known to reduce significantly the decline in respiratory function tests of patients suffering from this condition. The only curative therapeutic option remains the pulmonary transplantation whose accessibility remains limited. Pulmonary rehabilitation is also central in the treatment of patients...
September 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884732/-the-rehabilitative-treatment-of-the-patients-presenting-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-including-the-application-of-the-manual-handling-methods
#13
N S Ayrapetova, M A Eremushkin, I V Antonovich, O F Kuznetsov, A E Samorukov, S P Budylin, L Yu Tarasova, N A Derevnina
AIM: The objective of the present study was to identify the peculiar features and advantages of different methods for the mechanical impact on the thoracic tissues of the patients presenting with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to develop specific indications for their clinical applications. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This randomized prospective comparative study included 137 patients with COPD. In accordance with the currently accepted classification (GOLD, 2013), all the patients had COPD of medium severity...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883720/effect-of-a-rehabilitation-based-chronic-disease-management-program-targeting-severe-copd-exacerbations-on-readmission-patterns
#14
C Lalmolda, R Coll-Fernández, N Martínez, M Baré, M Teixidó Colet, F Epelde, E Monsó
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is recommended after a severe COPD exacerbation, but its short- and long-term effects on health care utilization have not been fully established. AIMS: The aims of this study were to evaluate patient compliance with a chronic disease management (CDM) program incorporating home-based exercise training as the main component after a severe COPD exacerbation and to determine its effects on health care utilization in the following year...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872031/palliative-care-and-management-of-troublesome-symptoms-for-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#15
REVIEW
Matthew Maddocks, Natasha Lovell, Sara Booth, William D-C Man, Irene J Higginson
People with advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have distressing physical and psychological symptoms, often have limited understanding of their disease, and infrequently discuss end-of-life issues in routine clinical care. These are strong indicators for expert multidisciplinary palliative care, which incorporates assessment and management of symptoms and concerns, patient and caregiver education, and sensitive communication to elicit preferences for care towards the end of life. The unpredictable course of COPD and the difficulty of predicting survival are barriers to timely referral and receipt of palliative care...
September 2, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870932/clinical-significance-of-salvage-esophagectomy-for-patients-with-esophageal-cancer-and-factors-of-influencing-long-term-survival
#16
Makoto Sohda, Yuji Kumakura, Hideyuki Saito, Kengo Kuriyama, Tomonori Yoshida, Hiroaki Honjyo, Keigo Hara, Daigo Ozawa, Shigemasa Suzuki, Naritaka Tanaka, Makoto Sakai, Tatsuya Miyazaki, Minoru Fukuchi, Hiroyuki Kuwano
BACKGROUND/AIM: Definitive chemoradiotherapy (CRT) without planned surgery has been recently widely used as a therapeutic option for locally advanced esophageal cancer. Salvage esophagectomy can offer the chance of prolonged survival for patients who have locoregional failure after definitive CRT, but many clinicians oppose the use of surgery due to the associated excessive morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to identify patients who are good candidates for salvage surgery by investigating factors influencing long-term survival...
September 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856978/traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-in-the-north-east-tanzania-describing-incidence-etiology-and-clinical-outcomes-retrospectively
#17
Haleluya Moshi, Gunnevi Sundelin, Klas-Göran Sahlen, Ann Sörlin
BACKGROUND: Causes, magnitude and consequences of traumatic spinal cord injury depend largely on geography, infrastructure, socioeconomic and cultural activities of a given region. There is a scarcity of literature on profile of traumatic spinal cord injury to inform prevention and rehabilitation of this health condition in African rural settings, particularly Tanzania. OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence, etiology and clinical outcomes of traumatic spinal cord injury and issues related to retrospective study in underdeveloped setting...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855461/the-effect-of-expiratory-muscle-strength-training-on-the-oral-and-respiratory-functions-of-community-dwelling-older-people-an-analysis-using-the-swallowing-oral-phonatory-and-respiratory-muscle-function-indices
#18
Naoko Ito, Shuichiro Watanabe
PURPOSE: This study was performed to determine the effects of expiratory muscle strength training (EMST) on the oral and respiratory functions of community-dwelling older people. METHODS: Older people using a visiting-rehabilitation center were divided into an intervention group of 31 subjects and a control group of 15 subjects. Those in the intervention group were assigned home training for 8 weeks, which included 5 sets of 5 breaths per day with a 75% load of the maximum expiratory pressure using an EMST device...
2017: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834052/incidence-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-elderly-edentulous-patients-and-the-possible-correlation-of-serum-serotonin-and-apnea-hypopnea-index
#19
Arvind Tripathi, Soumyojeet Bagchi, Juhi Singh, Suryakant Tripathi, Narendra Kumar Gupta, Varun Arora
PURPOSE: To estimate the incidence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in elderly edentulous patients (aged 60-65 years) and investigate a correlation of serum serotonin levels with the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), respiratory effort-related arousal (RERA), and respiratory disturbance index (RDI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 381 elderly completely edentulous patients (307 male, 74 female) aged 60 to 65 years with a history of edentulism of 12 to 15 months, seeking oral rehabilitation at the prosthodontic clinic at Saraswati Dental College & Hospital, Lucknow, India, between January 2014 and January 2016 were enrolled for the present study...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831250/an-evaluation-of-activity-tolerance-patient-reported-outcomes-and-satisfaction-with-the-effectiveness-of-pulmonary-daoyin-on-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#20
Hai-Long Zhang, Jian-Sheng Li, Xue-Qing Yu, Su-Yun Li, Upur Halmurat, Yang Xie, Yan-Fang Wang, Feng-Sen Li, Ming-Hang Wang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary Daoyin (PD) (evolved from ancient Chinese daoyin skills), is a rehabilitation technology that combines specially designed movements of the arms and body and controlled breathing exercises, to improve the physiological and psychological status of patients with chronic respiratory disease. Pulmonary rehabilitation is effective for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and the efficacy of PD is unknown. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of a PD program in enhancing activity tolerance, patient-reported outcomes and satisfaction with the effectiveness on patients with COPD...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
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