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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865539/meta-analysis-of-prevalence-of-wheezing-and-recurrent-wheezing-in-infants
#1
I Alvarez-Alvarez, H Niu, F Guillen-Grima, I Aguinaga-Ontoso
BACKGROUND: Wheezing affects children's quality of life, and is related with asthma in childhood. Although prevalence of wheezing has been previously studied in several countries, there is no reference of worldwide prevalence in infants. The aim of this meta-analysis is to estimate the prevalence of wheezing and recurrent wheezing in infants aged up to two years, and compare the prevalence across world regions. METHODS: Literature search was conducted in MEDLINE and SCOPUS databases, looking for observational studies published up to June 2016, including as keywords "prevalence" or "epidemiology" combined with "wheeze", "wheezing" or "asthma symptoms" and "infant" or "preschool"...
November 16, 2016: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826195/roles-and-challenges-of-the-multidisciplinary-team-involved-in-prosthetic-rehabilitation-in-a-rural-district-in-south-africa
#2
Liezel Ennion, Anthea Rhoda
BACKGROUND: Major lower limb amputations result in a significant sense of loss, psychological stress, and decrease in function and overall quality of life for the amputee. The holistic, patient-centered prosthetic rehabilitation of an amputee requires input from a team of dedicated health professionals from different disciplines commonly referred to as a multidisciplinary team (MDT). MDT rehabilitation is considered crucial in the reintegration of the amputee into the community, as well as for providing psychological support after limb loss...
2016: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814711/social-gradient-in-the-cost-of-oral-pain-and-related-dental-service-utilisation-among-south-african-adults
#3
Imade J Ayo-Yusuf, Sudeshni Naidoo
BACKGROUND: Oral pain affects people's daily activities and quality of life. The burden of oral pain may vary across socio-economic positions. Currently, little is known about the social gradient in the cost of oral pain among South Africans. This study therefore assessed the social gradient in the cost of oral pain and the related dental service utilisation pattern among South African adults. METHODS: Data were obtained from a nationally representative cross-sectional survey of South African adults ≥16 year-old (n = 2651) as part of the South African Social Attitudes Survey conducted by the South African Human Sciences Research Council...
November 5, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781004/biosocial-approaches-to-the-2013-2016-ebola-pandemic
#4
Eugene T Richardson, Mohamed Bailor Barrie, J Daniel Kelly, Yusupha Dibba, Songor Koedoyoma, Paul E Farmer
Despite more than 25 documented outbreaks of Ebola since 1976, our understanding of the disease is limited, in particular the social, political, ecological, and economic forces that promote (or limit) its spread. In the following study, we seek to provide new ways of understanding the 2013-2016 Ebola pandemic. We use the term, 'pandemic,' instead of 'epidemic,' so as not to elide the global forces that shape every localized outbreak of infectious disease. By situating life histories via a biosocial approach, the forces promoting or retarding Ebola transmission come into sharper focus...
June 2016: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733282/global-regional-and-national-incidence-prevalence-and-years-lived-with-disability-for-310-diseases-and-injuries-1990-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#5
COMMENT
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Non-fatal outcomes of disease and injury increasingly detract from the ability of the world's population to live in full health, a trend largely attributable to an epidemiological transition in many countries from causes affecting children, to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) more common in adults. For the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015), we estimated the incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for diseases and injuries at the global, regional, and national scale over the period of 1990 to 2015...
October 8, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711980/interventions-for-patients-and-caregivers-to-improve-knowledge-of-sickle-cell-disease-and-recognition-of-its-related-complications
#6
REVIEW
Monika R Asnani, Kim R Quimby, Nadia R Bennett, Damian K Francis
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease is a group of genetic diseases which is especially prevalent in tropical and subtropical regions; however, forced migration and ongoing population movement have spread it throughout the world, with estimated birth rates reaching 0.49 per 1000 in the Americas, 0.07 per 1000 in Europe, 0.68 per 1000 in South and Southeast Asia, and 10.68 per 1000 in Africa. Life for individuals with sickle cell disease can be affected by repeated acute complications and compounded by progressive organ damage...
October 6, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609548/predictors-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adult-cochlear-implant-recipients-in-south-africa
#7
Talita le Roux, Bart Vinck, Iain Butler, Liebie Louw, Leone Nauta, Dani Schlesinger, De Wet Swanepoel
OBJECTIVE: To identify and describe predictors of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) outcomes for adult cochlear implant (CI) recipients in South Africa. DESIGN: A retrospective study of adult CI recipients was conducted and cross-sectional HRQoL outcome data were added at the time of data collection, using the Nijmegen Cochlear Implant Questionnaire (NCIQ). Twenty-two potential predictive factors were identified from the retrospective dataset, including demographic, hearing loss, CI and risk-related factors...
September 9, 2016: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601120/effects-of-diabetes-mellitus-on-health-related-quality-of-life-at-a-tertiary-hospital-in-south-africa-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
R Daya, Z Bayat, F J Raal
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic metabolic disease that potentially causes debilitating and life-threatening complications, demands a lifestyle change, and has important implications with regard to wellbeing and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). OBJECTIVES: To: (i) determine the HRQOL of a sample of patients with type 2 diabetes; (ii) describe the demographics (age, gender, and smoking and alcohol use) of the population studied; (iii) document the following parameters, which are important in determining the control and severity of type 2 diabetes: (a) glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1C), (b) total amount of insulin required per day (if on insulin therapy), (c) body mass index (BMI), and (d) exercise compliance; (iv) determine whether there was an association between any or all of the above parameters and the HRQOL of these patients; and (v) determine whether coexisting diseases (hypertension (HT) and dyslipidaemia) were present, and compare HRQOL between diabetic patients with and without these diseases...
September 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574487/intimate-partner-violence-among-hiv-positive-pregnant-women-in-south-africa
#9
Gladys Matseke, Violeta J Rodriguez, Karl Peltzer, Deborah Jones
The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) and associated factors among pregnant HIV-infected women in primary health care facilities in Nkangala and Gert Sibande districts, Mpumalanga, South Africa. Participants were 673 women who were, on average, 28.39 ± 5.73 years old. Data were collected through Audio Computer Assisted Self Interview (ACASI), and analysed using the IBM Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). Overall, 56.3% reported having experienced either psychological or physical IPV, and 19...
2016: Journal of Psychology in Africa (south of the Sahara, the Caribbean, and Afro-Latin America)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566531/the-efficiency-of-chronic-disease-care-in-sub-saharan-africa
#10
EDITORIAL
Pascal Geldsetzer, Katrina Ortblad, Till Bärnighausen
The number of people needing chronic disease care is projected to increase in sub-Saharan Africa as a result of expanding human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) treatment coverage, rising life expectancies, and lifestyle changes. Using nationally representative data of healthcare facilities, Di Giorgio et al. found that many HIV clinics in Kenya, Uganda, and Zambia appear to have considerable untapped capacity to provide care for additional patients. These findings highlight the potential for increasing the efficiency of clinical processes for chronic disease care at the facility level...
2016: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27518438/a-systematic-review-of-the-prevalence-and-pattern-of-imaging-defined-post-tb-lung-disease
#11
Jamilah Meghji, Hope Simpson, S Bertel Squire, Kevin Mortimer
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis is an important risk factor for chronic respiratory disease in resource poor settings. The persistence of abnormal spirometry and symptoms after treatment are well described, but the structural abnormalities underlying these changes remain poorly defined, limiting our ability to phenotype post-TB lung disease in to meaningful categories for clinical management, prognostication, and ongoing research. The relationship between post-TB lung damage and patient-centred outcomes including functional impairment, respiratory symptoms, and health related quality of life also remains unclear...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27448655/high-risk-alcohol-use-and-associated-socio-demographic-health-and-psychosocial-factors-in-patients-with-hiv-infection-in-three-primary-health-care-clinics-in-south-africa
#12
Diana Huis In 't Veld, Supa Pengpid, Robert Colebunders, Linda Skaal, Karl Peltzer
Alcohol use may have a negative impact on the course of HIV disease and the effectiveness of its treatment. We studied patients with HIV who use alcohol and associated socio-demographic, health and psychosocial factors. Outcomes from this study may help in selecting patients from clinical practice with high-risk alcohol use and who are likely to benefit most from alcohol reduction interventions. In a cross sectional study in three primary health care clinics in Pretoria, South Africa, from January 2012 to June 2012, patients with HIV infection were interviewed and patients' medical files were reviewed to obtain data on levels of alcohol use (Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test), patients' socio-demographic characteristics, HIV-related information, health related quality of life (WHOQoL-HIVBref), internalized AIDS stigma, symptoms of depression and adherence to antiretroviral therapy...
July 21, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383845/life-expectancy-among-u-s-born-and-foreign-born-older-adults-in-the-united-states-estimates-from-linked-social-security-and-medicare-data
#13
Neil K Mehta, Irma T Elo, Michal Engelman, Diane S Lauderdale, Bert M Kestenbaum
In recent decades, the geographic origins of America's foreign-born population have become increasingly diverse. The sending countries of the U.S. foreign-born vary substantially in levels of health and economic development, and immigrants have arrived with distinct distributions of socioeconomic status, visa type, year of immigration, and age at immigration. We use high-quality linked Social Security and Medicare records to estimate life tables for the older U.S. population over the full range of birth regions...
August 2016: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372803/assessing-the-impact-of-food-assistance-on-stigma-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-uganda-using-the-hiv-aids-stigma-instrument-plwa-hasi-p
#14
John A Maluccio, Fan Wu, Redwan B Rokon, Rahul Rawat, Suneetha Kadiyala
HIV-related stigma among persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) is prevalent throughout sub-Saharan Africa. There is limited evidence, however, on which interventions are effective in reducing it. We used data from a prospective impact evaluation of a 12-month food assistance intervention among 904 antiretroviral therapy (ART)- naïve PLHIV in Uganda to examine the program impact on stigma. Stigma was measured using the comprehensive HASI-P scale, which demonstrated good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0...
July 2, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27362975/short-acting-insulin-analogues-versus-regular-human-insulin-for-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#15
REVIEW
Birgit Fullerton, Andrea Siebenhofer, Klaus Jeitler, Karl Horvath, Thomas Semlitsch, Andrea Berghold, Johannes Plank, Thomas R Pieber, Ferdinand M Gerlach
BACKGROUND: Short-acting insulin analogue use for people with diabetes is still controversial, as reflected in many scientific debates. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of short-acting insulin analogues versus regular human insulin in adults with type 1 diabetes. SEARCH METHODS: We carried out the electronic searches through Ovid simultaneously searching the following databases: Ovid MEDLINE(R), Ovid MEDLINE(R) In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, Ovid MEDLINE(R) Daily and Ovid OLDMEDLINE(R) (1946 to 14 April 2015), EMBASE (1988 to 2015, week 15), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; March 2015), ClinicalTrials...
June 30, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27354937/proceedings-of-a-sickle-cell-disease-ontology-workshop-towards-the-first-comprehensive-ontology-for-sickle-cell-disease
#16
Nicola Mulder, Victoria Nembaware, Adekunle Adekile, Kofi A Anie, Baba Inusa, Biobele Brown, Andrew Campbell, Furahini Chinenere, Catherine Chunda-Liyoka, Vimal K Derebail, Amy Geard, Kais Ghedira, Carol M Hamilton, Neil A Hanchard, Melissa Haendel, Wayne Huggins, Muntaser Ibrahim, Simon Jupp, Karen Kengne Kamga, Jennifer Knight-Madden, Philomène Lopez-Sall, Mamana Mbiyavanga, Deogratias Munube, Damian Nirenberg, Obiageli Nnodu, Solomon Fiifi Ofori-Acquah, Kwaku Ohene-Frempong, Kenneth Babu Opap, Sumir Panji, Miriam Park, Gift Pule, Charmaine Royal, Raphael Sangeda, Bamidele Tayo, Marsha Treadwell, Léon Tshilolo, Ambroise Wonkam
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a debilitating single gene disorder caused by a single point mutation that results in physical deformation (i.e. sickling) of erythrocytes at reduced oxygen tensions. Up to 75% of SCD in newborns world-wide occurs in sub-Saharan Africa, where neonatal and childhood mortality from sickle cell related complications is high. While SCD research across the globe is tackling the disease on multiple fronts, advances have yet to significantly impact on the health and quality of life of SCD patients, due to lack of coordination of these disparate efforts...
June 2016: Applied & Translational Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27333634/health-related-quality-of-life-during-the-menopausal-transition-testing-a-theoretical-model
#17
Hyunjeong Shin, Young-Joo Park
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothetical model of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) during the menopausal transition. The model was developed to test specific components of the Wilson and Cleary's model for HRQOL. A cross-sectional, correlational study was carried out using self-report questionnaires on a convenience sample of 162 Korean women in the menopausal transition. The model was tested by a path analysis using Analysis of Moment Structure (AMOS) program. The path analysis showed that 5 affecting variables explained 69% of the variance in HRQOL during the menopausal transition...
2016: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27303294/how-to-evaluate-health-related-quality-of-life-and-its-association-with-medication-adherence-in-pulmonary-tuberculosis-designing-a-prospective-observational-study-in-south-africa
#18
Tanja Kastien-Hilka, Bernd Rosenkranz, Bryan Bennett, Edina Sinanovic, Matthias Schwenkglenks
INTRODUCTION: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has become an important measure to identify and shape effective and patient-relevant healthcare interventions innovations through outcomes. Adherence to tuberculosis (TB) treatment is a public health concern. The main objective of this research is to develop a study design for evaluation of HRQOL and its association with medication adherence in TB in South Africa. METHODOLOGY: A conceptual framework for HRQOL in TB has been developed to identify Patient-Reported Outcomes and Quality of Life Database (PROQOLID), (n...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27259656/cervical-cancer-prevention-and-treatment-research-in-africa-a-systematic-review-from-a-public-health-perspective
#19
Sarah Finocchario-Kessler, Catherine Wexler, May Maloba, Natabhona Mabachi, Florence Ndikum-Moffor, Elizabeth Bukusi
BACKGROUND: Women living in Africa experience the highest burden of cervical cancer. Research and investment to improve vaccination, screening, and treatment efforts are critically needed. We systematically reviewed and characterized recent research within a broader public health framework to organize and assess the range of cervical cancer research in Africa. METHODS: We searched online databases and the Internet for published articles and cervical cancer reports in African countries...
2016: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27247151/access-to-health-in-city-slum-dwellers-the-case-of-sodom-and-gomorrah-in-accra-ghana
#20
Frances E Owusu-Ansah, Harry Tagbor, Mabel Afi Togbe
BACKGROUND: Rapid rural-urban migration of people to cities is a reality around the globe that has increased city slum dwellers. Sodom and Gomorrah is a city slum located in the heart of Accra, Ghana. Like other slums, it lacks basic amenities necessary for dwellers' quality of life. This study describes residents' access to health and factors associated with the use of healthcarefacilities. METHODS: Questionnaires were administered in systematically selected shacks across the entire slum...
2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
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