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Health related quality of life africa

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919116/global-regional-and-national-age-sex-specific-mortality-for-264-causes-of-death-1980-2016-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#1
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Monitoring levels and trends in premature mortality is crucial to understanding how societies can address prominent sources of early death. The Global Burden of Disease 2016 Study (GBD 2016) provides a comprehensive assessment of cause-specific mortality for 264 causes in 195 locations from 1980 to 2016. This assessment includes evaluation of the expected epidemiological transition with changes in development and where local patterns deviate from these trends. METHODS: We estimated cause-specific deaths and years of life lost (YLLs) by age, sex, geography, and year...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915873/a-prospective-cohort-study-on-ambient-air-pollution-and-respiratory-morbidities-including-childhood-asthma-in-adolescents-from-the-western-cape-province-study-protocol
#2
Toyib Olaniyan, Mohamed Jeebhay, Martin Röösli, Rajen Naidoo, Roslynn Baatjies, Nino Künzil, Ming Tsai, Mark Davey, Kees de Hoogh, Dilys Berman, Bhawoodien Parker, Joy Leaner, Mohamed Aqiel Dalvie
BACKGROUND: There is evidence from existing literature that ambient air pollutant exposure in early childhood likely plays an important role in asthma exacerbation and other respiratory symptoms, with greater effect among asthmatic children. However, there is inconclusive evidence on the role of ambient air pollutant exposures in relation to increasing asthma prevalence as well as asthma induction in children. At the population level, little is known about the potential synergistic effects between pollen allergens and air pollutants since this type of association poses challenges in uncontrolled real life settings...
September 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835255/association-of-experienced-and-evaluative-well-being-with-health-in-nine-countries-with-different-income-levels-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Marta Miret, Francisco Félix Caballero, Beatriz Olaya, Seppo Koskinen, Nirmala Naidoo, Beata Tobiasz-Adamczyk, Matilde Leonardi, Josep Maria Haro, Somnath Chatterji, José Luis Ayuso-Mateos
BACKGROUND: It is important to know whether the relationships between experienced and evaluative well-being and health are consistent across countries with different income levels. This would allow to confirm whether the evidence found in high income countries is the same as in low- and middle-income countries and to suggest policy recommendations that are generalisable across countries. We assessed the association of well-being with health status; analysed the differential relationship that positive affect, negative affect, and evaluative well-being have with health status; and examined whether these relationships are similar across countries...
August 23, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818582/associations-between-meeting-combinations-of-24-h-movement-guidelines-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-from-12-countries
#4
H Sampasa-Kanyinga, M Standage, M S Tremblay, P T Katzmarzyk, G Hu, R Kuriyan, C Maher, J Maia, T Olds, O L Sarmiento, C Tudor-Locke, J-P Chaput
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether meeting vs not meeting movement/non-movement guidelines (moderate-to-vigorous physical activity [MVPA], screen time, sleep duration), and combinations of these recommendations, are associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in children from 12 countries in five major geographic regions of the world and explore whether the associations vary by study site. STUDY DESIGN: Observational, multinational cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study included 6106 children aged 9-11 years from sites in Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Finland, India, Kenya, Portugal, South Africa, the United Kingdom, and the United States...
August 14, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805174/socioeconomic-position-and-depression-in-south-african-adults-with-long-term-health-conditions-a-longitudinal-study-of-causal-pathways
#5
T Elwell-Sutton, N Folb, A Clark, L R Fairall, C Lund, M O Bachmann
AIMS: There is convincing evidence that lower socioeconomic position is associated with increased risk of mental disorders. However, the mechanisms involved are not well understood. This study aims to elucidate the causal pathways between socioeconomic position and depression symptoms in South African adults. Two possible causal theories are examined: social causation, which suggests that poor socioeconomic conditions cause mental ill health; and social drift, which suggests that those with poor mental health are more likely to drift into poor socioeconomic circumstances...
August 14, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774191/household-decision-making-power-and-the-mental-health-and-well-being-of-women-initiating-antiretroviral-treatment-in-oromia-ethiopia
#6
Angela M Parcesepe, Olga Tymejczyk, Robert Remien, Tsigereda Gadisa, Sarah Gorrell Kulkarni, Susie Hoffman, Zenebe Melaku, Batya Elul, Denis Nash
Low decision-making power (DMP) has been associated with HIV seropositivity among women in sub-Saharan Africa. As treatment accessibility and life expectancy for HIV-positive individuals increase, greater attention to the mental health and well-being of HIV-positive women is needed. This study examined whether low DMP was associated with psychological distress, social support or health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among women initiating ART. The sample included 722 women aged 18 or older initiating ART during 2012-2013 at six HIV clinics in Oromia, Ethiopia...
August 3, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770641/evidence-on-the-cost-effectiveness-of-lifelong-antiretroviral-therapy-for-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-implications-for-resource-limited-countries-in-sub-saharan-africa
#7
Peslie G Ngambi, Aubrey C Kalungia, Michael R Law, Francis Kalemeera, IIse Truter, Brian Godman, Derick Munkombwe
The 2016 World Health Organization (WHO) consolidated guideline recommends lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) for all HIV-infected pregnant and breastfeeding women for preventing mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT). Ambiguity remains about the cost-effectiveness of this strategy in resource-limited developing countries. Areas covered: We reviewed model-based studies on the cost-effectiveness of lifelong ART (formerly Option B+) relative to previous WHO guidelines for PMTCT. Our search using PubMed, Medline and Google Scholar for articles on Option B+ resulted in the final inclusion of seven studies published between 2012 and 2016...
August 11, 2017: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748917/oesophageal-cancer
#8
REVIEW
Elizabeth C Smyth, Jesper Lagergren, Rebecca C Fitzgerald, Florian Lordick, Manish A Shah, Pernilla Lagergren, David Cunningham
Oesophageal cancer is the sixth most common cause of cancer-related death worldwide and is therefore a major global health challenge. The two major subtypes of oesophageal cancer are oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OAC), which are epidemiologically and biologically distinct. OSCC accounts for 90% of all cases of oesophageal cancer globally and is highly prevalent in the East, East Africa and South America. OAC is more common in developed countries than in developing countries...
July 27, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716256/post-stroke-depression-in-ghana-characteristics-and-correlates
#9
Fred Stephen Sarfo, Carolyn Jenkins, Arti Singh, Mayowa Owolabi, Akin Ojagbemi, Nathaniel Adusei, Raelle Saulson, Bruce Ovbiagele
BACKGROUND: Poststroke depression (PSD) is prevalent and is an important determinant of functional recovery, quality of life and mortality after stroke. Scanty data on the nature of PSD among stroke survivors in sub-Saharan Africa prompted this study. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and predictors of depression in a convenience sample of Ghanaian stroke survivors. METHODS: We evaluated consecutive stroke survivors encountered at a comprehensive neurology clinic in a tertiary medical center in Ghana...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716065/the-validity-of-the-sf-12-and-sf-6d-instruments-in-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-kenya
#10
Anik R Patel, Richard T Lester, Carlo A Marra, Mia L van der Kop, Paul Ritvo, Lidia Engel, Sarah Karanja, Larry D Lynd
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and health state utility value (HSUV) measurements are vital components of healthcare clinical and economic evaluations. Accurate measurement of HSUV and HRQoL require validated instruments. The 12-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12) is one of few instruments that can evaluate both HRQoL and HSUV, but its validity has not been assessed in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in east Africa, where the burden of HIV is high. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used baseline data from a randomized trial involving PLWHA in Kenya...
July 17, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685041/comprehensive-review-of-the-evidence-regarding-the-effectiveness-of-community-based-primary-health-care-in-improving-maternal-neonatal-and-child-health-3-neonatal-health-findings
#11
Emma Sacks, Paul A Freeman, Kwame Sakyi, Mary Carol Jennings, Bahie M Rassekh, Sundeep Gupta, Henry B Perry
BACKGROUND: As the number of deaths among children younger than 5 years of age continues to decline globally through programs to address the health of older infants, neonatal mortality is becoming an increasingly large proportion of under-5 deaths. Lack of access to safe delivery care, emergency obstetric care and postnatal care continue to be challenges for reducing neonatal mortality. This article reviews the available evidence regarding the effectiveness of community-based primary health care (CBPHC) and common components of programs aiming to improve health during the first 28 days of life...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652059/burden-and-predictors-of-poststroke-cognitive-impairment-in-a-sample-of-ghanaian-stroke-survivors
#12
Fred Stephen Sarfo, John Akassi, Sheila Adamu, Vida Obese, Bruce Ovbiagele
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: There are limited data on vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) from low- and middle-income countries where the stroke burden is burgeoning. The aim of this study was to characterize the burden, determinants, and effects of VCI on health-related quality of life in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). METHODS: From January 2015 to February 2016, we collected information on 147 consecutive stroke survivors (>45 years) seen at a tertiary hospital in Ghana and 49 demographically matched stroke-free controls...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650981/health-situation-of-migrant-and-minority-nurses-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Benjamin Schilgen, Albert Nienhaus, Oriana Handtke, Holger Schulz, Mike Mösko
INTRODUCTION: Globally, life expectancy together with multimorbidity and chronic diseases are increasing. This leads to a growing demand for care and hence for healthcare personnel and nurses. To meet this demand, healthcare workers from abroad are increasingly hired. The nurses' workplace in general is characterized by physically and psychologically demanding tasks, while that of migrant and minority nurses is additionally characterized by discriminatory practices. The present knowledge about the health of migrant and minority nurses and the terminology in this context are diverse...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620308/the-effect-of-interdialytic-combined-resistance-and-aerobic-exercise-training-on-health-related-outcomes-in-chronic-hemodialysis-patients-the-tunisian-randomized-controlled-study
#14
Bechir Frih, Hamdi Jaafar, Wajdi Mkacher, Zohra Ben Salah, Mohamed Hammami, Ameur Frih
Background: Tunisia has the highest prevalence of hemodialysis patients compared to the other countries in North Africa. Dialysis centers rarely offer an exercise program to prevent physiological and psychological dialysis therapy-related alterations in chronic hemodialysis patients. Aim: To examine the effect of combined endurance-resistance training program on physiological and psychological outcomes in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Methods: We designed a single blinded, randomized, controlled study for a period of 4 months...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617733/economic-costs-and-health-related-quality-of-life-outcomes-of-hiv-treatment-after-self-and-facility-based-hiv-testing-in-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Hendramoorthy Maheswaran, Stavros Petrou, Peter MacPherson, Felistas Kumwenda, David G Lalloo, Elizabeth L Corbett, Aileen Clarke
BACKGROUND: The scale-up of HIV self-testing (HIVST) in Africa is recommended, but little is known about how this novel approach influences economic outcomes following subsequent antiretroviral treatment (ART) compared with established facility-based HIV testing and counseling (HTC) approaches. SETTING: HIV clinics in Blantyre, Malawi. METHODS: Consecutive HIV-positive participants, diagnosed by HIVST or facility-based HTC as part of a community cluster-randomized trial (ISRCTN02004005), were followed from initial assessment for ART until 1-year postinitiation...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559641/self-report-health-related-quality-of-life-among-children-and-adolescents-from-bogot%C3%A3-colombia-the-fuprecol-study
#16
Darío Fernando Gaitán-López, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Stefano Vinaccia, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez
OBJECTIVE: To describe by self-report the HRQoL among schoolchildren from Bogotá, Colombia belonging to the FUPRECOL study. METHODS: A cross-sectional study in 3,245 children and 3,354 adolescents, between 9 and 17.9 years old, participated in the study. Spanish version of the EQ-5D-Y was self-assessment. Percentages of missing values and reported problems were calculated. The data was analyzed by measurement of central tendency stratified by age group, and to compare them to international references...
March 30, 2017: Colombia Médica: CM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479413/self-reported-bothersome-symptoms-across-different-socioepidemiological-groups-of-people-living-with-hiv-attending-french-hospitals-results-from-the-anrs-vespa2-survey
#17
Véronique Boyer, Antoine Vilotitch, Fabienne Marcellin, Baptiste Demoulin, Rosemary Dray-Spira, Bruno Spire
CONTEXT: Twenty years after the advent of combined antiretroviral therapies (ARTs), there is a growing need for up-to-date information about the daily experience of people living with HIV (PLWH). OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between socioepidemiological groups and the types of bothersome symptoms reported by PLWH participating in a national survey in France. METHODS: We analyzed self-reported bothersome symptoms in a representative sample of PLWH (ANRS-VESPA2 survey), most of whom were receiving ART treatment...
July 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426759/health-related-quality-of-life-in-south-african-patients-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#18
Tanja Kastien-Hilka, Bernd Rosenkranz, Edina Sinanovic, Bryan Bennett, Matthias Schwenkglenks
BACKGROUND: The evaluation of patient-reported health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) contributes to a comprehensive understanding of the burden associated with this disease. The aim of this study was to assess the overall impact of TB on the health status and on single health domains identified in the WHO definition of health, including physical, mental and social health aspects. METHODS: Four instruments for HRQOL evaluation were applied in a longitudinal multicentre study during six-month standard TB treatment in South Africa...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398134/-i-told-her-this-is-your-life-relationship-dynamics-partner-support-and-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-among-south-african-couples
#19
Amy Conroy, Anna Leddy, Mallory Johnson, Thulani Ngubane, Heidi van Rooyen, Lynae Darbes
Despite the important role of social relationships for health and wellbeing, little is known about how primary partners affect adherence to HIV care and treatment. We qualitatively explored how relationship dynamics and partner support influence adherence among couples from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Twenty-four heterosexual couples with at least one HIV-positive partner completed semi-structured interviews on topics including relationship dynamics (intimacy or emotional closeness, communication, violence), experiences with HIV care and treatment and HIV-related social support...
April 11, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380073/a-mixed-methods-approach-to-adapting-and-evaluating-the-functional-assessment-of-hiv-infection-fahi-swahili-version-for-use-with-low-literacy-populations
#20
Moses K Nyongesa, Antipa Sigilai, Amin S Hassan, Janet Thoya, Rachael Odhiambo, Fons J R Van de Vijver, Charles R J C Newton, Amina Abubakar
BACKGROUND: Despite bearing the largest HIV-related burden, little is known of the Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) among people living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa. One of the factors contributing to this gap in knowledge is the lack of culturally adapted and validated measures of HRQoL that are relevant for this setting. AIMS: We set out to adapt the Functional Assessment of HIV Infection (FAHI) Questionnaire, an HIV-specific measure of HRQoL, and evaluate its internal consistency and validity...
2017: PloS One
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