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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437428/prevalence-of-alcohol-use-disorders-among-under-and-post-graduate-healthcare-students-in-italy
#1
Monica Lamberti, Francesco Napolitano, Paola Napolitano, Antonio Arnese, Vincenzo Crispino, Gianclaudio Panariello, Gabriella Di Giuseppe
A cross-sectional study was carried out on 641 medical students, 359 students attending a degree course in the healthcare professions, and 500 resident physicians, all undergoing health surveillance at the ambulatory of the Division of Occupational Medicine, Second University of Naples, Italy. 76.1% of the participants drank alcohol, with 85.5% of medical students, 77.4% of resident physicians, and 63% of healthcare-professions students reporting regular alcohol use. In the whole sample, the mean Audit-C score was 1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436204/disabled-graduate-entry-medical-student-experience
#2
Simon Tso
BACKGROUND: This study explored the experiences of graduate-entry medicine degree programme students who were disabled on the disclosure of their disability and the challenging disability issues they encountered during their degree programme. METHODS: Eight student volunteers with a disability from the University of Warwick graduate-entry medicine degree programme took part in this study. Audio recordings of their semi-structured interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed thematically...
April 24, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436158/collaborating-on-medication-errors-in-nursing
#3
Marketa Marvanova, Paul J Henkel
BACKGROUND: Nurse educators are faced with changing roles and expanding responsibilities for medication administration and monitoring in pursuit of improved patient safety. The aims of this study were to develop, implement and evaluate clinical simulation experiences that included, along with nursing faculty members, a pharmacist educator for the teaching of preventable medication errors in undergraduate nursing education. METHODS: Four clinical simulation scenarios using high-fidelity patient simulators were developed focusing on select medication problems in nursing practice...
April 24, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436156/faculty-development-effects-on-clerkship-grades
#4
Benjamin Griffeth, Michael Wiederman
BACKGROUND: Faculty member assessment of clerkship students' clinical performance has been noted as a consistently problematic issue within most medical student clerkships, and thus a worthy target of faculty development. One of the primary challenges in such faculty development is creating a change that improves the clinical assessment of students in a meaningful way. METHOD: In the current study we evaluated the effects of a pair of brief interventions designed to facilitate greater use of the 'Not observed' option in faculty member assessments of clerkship students (as opposed to use of 'Meets expectations' for skills actually not observed by the rater) within a psychiatry rotation for third-year medical students in the USA...
April 24, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435489/gender-differences-in-cdc-guideline-compliance-for-stis-in-emergency-departments
#5
Bryan G Kane, Alexander W D Guillaume, Elizabeth M Evans, Terrence E Goyke, Jessica K Eygnor, Lauren Semler, Stephen W Dusza, Marna Rayl Greenberg
INTRODUCTION: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are a common reason for emergency department (ED) visits. The objective of this study was to determine if there were gender differences in adherence to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) STI diagnosis and treatment guidelines, as documented by emergency providers. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review to identify patients treated for urethritis, cervicitis, and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in the EDs of three hospitals in a Pennsylvania network during a calendar year...
April 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435275/pathogenic-beliefs-among-patients-with-depressive-disorders
#6
Adam Neelapaijit, Tinakon Wongpakaran, Nahathai Wongpakaran, Kulvadee Thongpibul
INTRODUCTION: Pathogenic belief is a central construct within control-mastery theory, which is an integrated dynamic-cognitive-relational approach in psychotherapy. Pathogenic beliefs result from traumatic life experiences and are considered the root of any psychological disorders presented clinically. Nevertheless, how and what type of pathogenic beliefs are attributed to clinical depressive disorder is unknown. The present study aimed to examine this issue. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty patients with depressive disorder, who came for psychotherapy at a psychotherapy clinic, were matched based on age and gender with healthy controls who were medical students...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434911/does-quantity-ensure-quality-standardized-osce-stations-for-outcome-oriented-evaluation-of-practical-skills-at-different-medical-faculties
#7
Iris Schleicher, Karsten Leitner, Jana Juenger, Andreas Moeltner, Miriam Ruesseler, Bernd Bender, Jasmina Sterz, Tina Stibane, Sarah Koenig, Susanne Frankenhauser, Joachim Gerhard Kreuder
BACKGROUND: Practical skills are often assessed using Objective Structured Clinical Skill Exams (OSCE). Nevertheless, in Germany, interchange and agreement between different medical faculties or a general agreement on the minimum standard for passing is lacking. METHODS: We developed standardized OSCE-stations for assessing structured clinical examination of knee and shoulder joint with identical checklists and evaluation standards. These were implemented into the OSCE-course at five different medical faculties...
April 20, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434827/comprehensive-and-reliable-classification-system-for-primary-diagnosis-of-cleft-lip-and-palate
#8
Ahmed Elsherbiny, Ahmed S Mazeed
OBJECTIVE: Due to the lack of a universally accepted classification system, we are aiming to introduce a modified comprehensive, precise and relatively simple classification system for primary diagnosis of cleft lip and palate. METHODS: The proposed classification is based on the Kernahan's striped Y diagram with more details in cleft extent and with the addition of severity scores to each cleft component. Clear definitions of cleft extents and severity degrees were described based on 400 consecutive primary cases...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434473/the-effect-of-applying-pressure-to-the-liv3-and-li4-on-the-symptoms-of-premenstrual-syndrome-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Fatemeh Bazarganipour, Seyed-Abdolvahab Taghavi, Helen Allan, Fatemeh Beheshti, Asma Khalili, Fahimeh Miri, Marziyeh Rezaei, Mahbobeh Mojgori, Fatemeh Imaninasab, Fahimeh Irani, Shohreh Salari
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of simple acupressure protocol in LIV3, LI4 and placebo points on the quality of life (QOL) in women with premenstrual syndrome (PMS). METHOD: This paper reports a randomized, single blinded clinical trial. 97 participants (students in of Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Iran) with PMS were allocated to three groups to receive 20min acupressure on different acupoints for 14days before menstruation for three consecutive menstrual cycles (training and then two cycles self applied acupressure)...
April 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434391/a-novel-integrated-clinical-apprenticeship-transforming-medical-students-into-student-doctors
#10
Arabella L Simpkin, Andrew M McKeown, Ravi Parekh, Sonia Kumar, Gareth Tudor-Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434131/knowing-how-and-knowing-why-testing-the-effect-of-instruction-designed-for-cognitive-integration-on-procedural-skills-transfer
#11
Jeffrey J H Cheung, Kulamakan M Kulasegaram, Nicole N Woods, Carol-Anne Moulton, Charlotte V Ringsted, Ryan Brydges
Transfer is a desired outcome of simulation-based training, yet evidence for how instructional design features promote transfer is lacking. In clinical reasoning, transfer is improved when trainees experience instruction integrating basic science explanations with clinical signs and symptoms. To test whether integrated instruction has similar effects in procedural skills (i.e., psychomotor skills) training, we studied the impact of instruction that integrates conceptual (why) and procedural (how) knowledge on the retention and transfer of simulation-based lumbar puncture (LP) skill...
April 22, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434004/what-do-medical-students-know-about-deep-brain-stimulation
#12
Andreas Wloch, Assel Saryyeva, Hans E Heissler, Christoph Schrader, H Holger Capelle, Joachim K Krauss
BACKGROUND: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an established therapy for movement disorders. It is currently under investigation in neuropsychiatric disorders. Neurophobia is a common phenomenon that might have a negative impact in medical education. Little is known about medical students' knowledge about DBS when they enter university and what they learn about it during their medical formation. METHODS: A 10-item questionnaire was designed. Questions addressed indications for DBS, costs of DBS, complications, the percentage of Parkinson disease (PD) patients who might profit from DBS, etc...
April 22, 2017: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433961/harnessing-the-medical-humanities-for-experiential-learning
#13
Satendra Singh, Purnima Barua, Upreet Dhaliwal, Navjeevan Singh
A month-long workshop on medical humanities was held in the Jorhat Medical College, Assam in September 2015. It employed experiential learning (both online and onsite) using humanities tools, such as the theatre of the oppressed, art, literature, reflective narratives, movies, the history of medicine, graphic medicine, poetry and diversity studies. As a result of the interactions, 28 volunteer participants, comprising students and faculty members, wrote reflective narratives on doctor​-patient relationships, produced a newsletter and a logo for their medical humanities group, and staged cultural performances and forum theatre...
March 29, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433757/surgical-volunteerism-or-voluntourism-are-we-doing-more-harm-than-good
#14
EDITORIAL
Faheem Ahmed, Madeline Grade, Carl Malm, Sophia Michelen, Na'eem Ahmed
The significant rise in the number of international health electives undertaken by medical students and doctors in the US, Canada and UK reflects acknowledgement of the inter-connected nature of these challenges to health systems and the drive to help solve them. However, the next generation of international volunteers often operate under a conflicting duality: whilst many of their role models have devoted their lives to global health following a similar volunteering experience, there are pervasive ethical problems associated with short-term global health work that must be identified and addressed to ensure positive outcomes for all parties involved...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433523/association-of-preresidency-peer-reviewed-publications-with-radiation-oncology-resident-choice-of-academic-versus-private-practice-career
#15
Shearwood McClelland, Charles R Thomas, Lynn D Wilson, Emma B Holliday, Jerry J Jaboin
INTRODUCTION: The decision of radiation oncology residents to pursue academic versus private practice careers plays a central role in shaping the present and future of the field, but factors that are potentially predictive of this decision are lacking. This study was performed to examine the role of several factors publicly available before residency on postresidency career choice, including preresidency peer-reviewed publications (PRPs), which have been associated with resident career choice in comparably competitive subspecialties such as neurosurgery...
April 5, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432807/incidental-findings-in-student-ultrasound-models-implications-for-instructors
#16
Yonaton Siegel-Richman, John L Kendall
As ultrasonography continues to become integrated into undergraduate medical education, there have been concerns raised about the use of volunteer models and the ability to maintain patient privacy during scanning sessions. To date, there have been no reports on how instructors should manage situations in which incidental findings are made during educational ultrasonography sessions. We present three different examples of incidental findings that occurred at our institution and the various approaches taken by the instructors...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432710/medical-students-perceptions-of-the-importance-of-exercise-and-their-perceived-competence-in-prescribing-exercise-to-older-people
#17
Agathe Daria Jadczak, Khai Loon Tam, Solomon Yu, Renuka Visvanathan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of a 4.5-week geriatric medicine course on fifth year medical students' perception of the importance of and their competence in prescribing exercise to older people. METHODS: The modified Exercise and Physical Activity Competence Questionnaire was administered to 81 students before and after the course. Scores ranged from 0 to 6. One open-ended question about perceived barriers to exercise prescription was asked. RESULTS: Students' perceptions of the importance of designing an exercise prescription (P = 0...
April 22, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432089/preparing-future-doctors-for-palliative-care-views-of-course-organisers
#18
Steven Walker, Jane Gibbins, Paul Paes, Stephen Barclay, Astrid Adams, Madawa Chandratilake, Faye Gishen, Philip Lodge, Bee Wee
BACKGROUND: Effective training at medical school is essential to prepare new doctors to safely manage patients with palliative care (PC) and end of life care (EOLC) needs. The contribution of undergraduate PC course organisers is central but their collective views regarding role are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To survey attitudes of PC course organisers regarding their course, organisation, the adequacy of training provided and level of personal satisfaction. METHODS: An anonymised, multifactorial, web-based questionnaire was devised, tested, modified and then sent to lead PC course organisers at all UK medical schools...
April 21, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431420/generative-retrieval-improves-learning-and-retention-of-cardiac-anatomy-using-transesophageal-echocardiography
#19
Amanda M Kleiman, Katherine T Forkin, Allison J Bechtel, Stephen R Collins, Jennie Z Ma, Edward C Nemergut, Julie L Huffmyer
BACKGROUND: Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is a valuable monitor for patients undergoing cardiac and noncardiac surgery as it allows for evaluation of cardiovascular compromise in the perioperative period. It is challenging for anesthesiology residents and medical students to learn to use and interpret TEE in the clinical environment. A critical component of learning to use and interpret TEE is a strong grasp of normal cardiovascular ultrasound anatomy. METHODS: Fifteen fourth-year medical students and 15 post-graduate year (PGY) 1 and 2 anesthesiology residents without prior training in cardiac anesthesia or TEE viewed normal cardiovascular anatomy TEE video clips; participants were randomized to learning cardiac anatomy in generative retrieval (GR) and standard practice (SP) groups...
May 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431201/teaching-neuroanatomy-using-computer-aided-learning-what-makes-for-successful-outcomes
#20
Elena Svirko, Jane Mellanby
Computer-aided learning (CAL) is an integral part of many medical courses. The neuroscience course at Oxford University for medical students includes CAL course of neuroanatomy. CAL is particularly suited to this since neuroanatomy requires much detailed three-dimensional visualization, which can be presented on screen. The CAL course was evaluated using the concept of approach to learning. The aims of university teaching are congruent with the deep approach-seeking meaning and relating new information to previous knowledge-rather than to the surface approach of concentrating on rote learning of detail...
April 21, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
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