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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166353/what-is-the-impact-of-the-underserved-pathway-program-on-graduates-entering-an-underserved-family-medicine-residency-five-year-findings-from-the-university-of-washington-school-of-medicine
#1
Amanda Kost, David Evans, Sharon Dobie, Elizabeth Sanders
PURPOSE: More primary care physicians are needed in underserved areas of the United States. Prior research indicates that medical student experiences in underserved settings increase the likelihood they will practice in underserved areas; few studies have controlled for selection bias. This study aimed to estimate the effect of the University of Washington School of Medicine's (UWSOM's) longitudinal extracurricular experience, the Underserved Pathway (UP), on graduates' choice in entering a family medicine residency with underserved training opportunities...
November 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166352/more-learners-finite-resources-and-the-changing-landscape-of-procedural-training-at-the-bedside
#2
Michael A Gisondi, Linda Regan, Jeremy Branzetti, Laura R Hopson
There is growing competition for non-operative, procedural training in teaching hospitals, due to an increased number of individuals seeking to learn procedures from a finite number of appropriate teaching cases. Procedural training is required by students, post-graduate learners, and practicing providers who must maintain their skills. These learner groups are growing in size as the number of medical schools increase and advance practice providers expand their skills to include complex procedures. These various learner needs occur against a background of advancing therapeutic techniques that improve patient care, but also act to reduce the overall numbers of procedures available to learners...
November 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166149/journal-club-redefining-the-radiology-curriculum-in-medical-school-vertical-integration-and-global-accessibility
#3
Michele Retrouvey, Anthony Paul Trace, Craig W Goodmurphy, Sarah Shaves
OBJECTIVE: Radiology interconnects medical disciplines given that a working understanding of imaging is essential to clinicians of every specialty. Using online education, we created a globally accessible, web-based undergraduate medical radiology curriculum modeled after the National Medical Student Curriculum in Radiology program of the Alliance of Medical Student Educators in Radiology. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Seventy-four radiology faculty-mentored video modules were produced, 50 of which were integrated into the 1st-year anatomy course...
November 22, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164543/-exploration-of-recent-mobile-technologies-applied-in-nursing-education
#4
Ting-Ting Wu, Yi-Chen Lu, Lei Chang
The development of science and technology has fundamentally changed people's lives and the way that medical systems function. Increasingly, mobile technologies are being introduced and integrated into classroom teaching and clinical applications, resulting in healthcare providers introducing innovative applications into health education. These applications enhance the clinical, education, and research expertise of medical staffs and nurses, while improving quality of care and providing new experiences for patients...
December 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164541/-the-application-of-information-and-communication-technology-ict-in-nursing-education
#5
Shwu-Fen Chiou, Hsiu-Chuan Su, Ean-Wen Huang
With the rapid development of information and communication technologies (ICT) in the 21st century, all walks of life have experienced disruptive changes, including the healthcare profession. Although nurses represent the largest number of professionals in medical institutions, it is doubtful whether nurses possess sufficient capabilities to face challenges in this era of rapid medical informatization. Currently, the courses necessary to cultivate information literacy in nursing students are insufficient in Taiwan, and traditional instruction methods are largely adopted as nursing teaching strategies...
December 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164171/health-care-students-attitudes-about-alcohol-consumption-during-pregnancy-responses-to-narrative-vignettes
#6
Kelly D Coons, Shelley L Watson, Nicole M Yantzi, Nancy E Lightfoot, Sylvie Larocque
This article explores medical, midwifery, and nurse practitioner students' attitudes about women who may consume alcohol throughout their pregnancies. Twenty-one health care students responded to a scenario-based vignette addressing alcohol consumption during pregnancy, as well as a semistructured interview, which were analyzed using Braun and Clarke's thematic analysis approach. Two primary themes related to students' attitudes concerning alcohol consumption during pregnancy were identified: (a) divergent recommendations for different women, based on perceptions of their level of education, culture/ethnicity, and ability to stop drinking; and (b) understanding the social determinants of health, including the normalization of women's alcohol consumption and potential partner violence...
January 2017: Global Qualitative Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164161/determining-the-most-important-factors-involved-in-ranking-orthopaedic-sports-medicine-fellowship-applicants
#7
Rishi Baweja, Matthew J Kraeutler, Mary K Mulcahey, Eric C McCarty
Background: Orthopaedic surgery residencies and certain fellowships are becoming increasingly competitive. Several studies have identified important factors to be taken into account when selecting medical students for residency interviews. Similar information for selecting orthopaedic sports medicine fellows does not exist. Purpose: To determine the most important factors that orthopaedic sports medicine fellowship program directors (PDs) take into account when ranking applicants...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162757/low-fidelity-simulation-to-enhance-understanding-of-infection-control-among-undergraduate-medical-students
#8
Suman P Singh, Chirag M Modi, Chirag P Patel, Ajay G Pathak
BACKGROUND: Developing economies are stressing institutional care for better health outcomes but its advantages are dampened by healthcare-associated infections (HAIs). Besides other undesired complications, the economic cost of HAIs is enormous. Developing countries have higher HAI rates compared with Europe or the USA. The knowledge and practice of infection control is poor among medical students. Based on introspection of 'Infection Control Module' for undergraduates introduced in 2012, we tested emotional sensitization using low-fidelity techniques to enhance its effectiveness...
July 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162061/medical-student-attitudes-and-educational-interventions-to-prevent-neurophobia-a-longitudinal-study
#9
Lisa Shiels, Pratish Majmundar, Aleksander Zywot, John Sobotka, Christine S M Lau, Tuula O Jalonen
BACKGROUND: With an aging American population, the burden of neurologic disease is intensifying and the decline in neurology residents and practicing neurologists is leaving these patients helpless and unable to find care. 'Neurophobia', a chronic illness that begins early in medical school, has been identified as a cause for the low number of neurology residents. METHODS: A longitudinal study surveyed medical students at the beginning of their first year (M1) and then again at the beginning of their second year (M2)...
November 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161687/obesity-knowledge-among-final-year-medical-students-in-norway
#10
Catia Martins, Anette Norsett-Carr
OBJECTIVES: To assess the level of obesity knowledge in final-year medical students in Norway and to compare it to an expert group and first-year medical students. METHODS: A 20-item questionnaire was specifically designed for this purpose (18 knowledge-based questions and 2 subjective questions looking at attitudes and self-perceived proficiency). All medical schools in Norway were included (n = 226). For comparison purposes, an expert group (n = 13) and first-year medical students (n = 96) were included...
November 22, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160506/treatment-adherence-in-patients-living-with-hiv-aids-assisted-at-a-specialized-facility-in-brazil
#11
Simone Miyada, Artênio José Ísper Garbin, Renata Colturato Joaquim Gatto, Cléa Adas Saliba Garbin
INTRODUCTION: In the 1990s, Brazil adopted a public policy that allowed for universal, free access to antiretroviral therapy (ART). Since then, treatment adherence has become a new challenge for administrators of sexually transmitted disease/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (STD/AIDS) policies. This study quantified adherence to ART and verified whether there is an association between sociodemographic variables and clinical/laboratory data in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients...
September 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160464/use-of-medicines-by-patients-of-the-primary-health-care-of-the-brazilian-unified-health-system
#12
Clarisse Melo Franco Neves Costa, Micheline Rosa Silveira, Francisco de Assis Acurcio, Augusto Afonso Guerra, Ione Aquemi Guibu, Karen Sarmento Costa, Margô Gomes de Oliveira Karnikowski, Orlando Mario Soeiro, Silvana Nair Leite, Ediná Alves Costa, Renata Cristina Rezende Macedo do Nascimento, Vânia Eloísa de Araújo, Juliana Álvares
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the use of medicines by patients of the primary health care of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, exploratory, and descriptive study, part of the Pesquisa Nacional sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos - Serviços, 2015 (PNAUM - National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines - Services, 2015). Interviews were carried out with patients present in the services by semi-structured questionnaires...
November 13, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160167/an-innovative-long-final-year-assistantship-in-general-practice-description-and-evaluation
#13
Robert K McKinley, M Bartlett, S P Gay, S Gibson, A Panesar, M Webb
We describe and evaluate an innovative immersive 15 week final year assistantship in general practice. Evaluation data was taken from five years of routinely collected School data and available national comparative data. The assistantship aims to enable students to consolidate knowledge and hone their skills through central participation in the care of large numbers of patients with acute and long term conditions. We estimate that most students consulted with over 450 patients during the assistantship. Students report that they became useful to their practice teams, had multiple episodes of feedback on their performance which they found useful and, in the school exit survey, reported that they were highly prepared for practice...
November 21, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159933/dyspraxia-in-clinical-education-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Eleanor Walker, Sebastian Ck Shaw, Jim Price, Malcolm Reed, John Anderson
BACKGROUND: The stereotype of the student with dyspraxia as 'clumsy and disorganised' may cause clinical teachers to be concerned about the student's performance in a clinical environment; however, if it is understood that dyspraxic students possess many strengths, as well as weaknesses, it may be that some stereotypical myths will be dispelled and more effective support offered to them. This review considers research surrounding the experiences of students and health professionals with dyspraxia within higher education (HE), alongside the personal experiences of EW, in order to inform the development of clinical teachers with respect to their support for learners with dyspraxia...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159842/struggle-and-failure-on-clinical-placement-a-critical-narrative-review
#15
REVIEW
Rachel Davenport, Sally Hewat, Alison Ferguson, Sue McAllister, Michelle Lincoln
BACKGROUND: Clinical placements are crucial to the development of skills and competencies in speech-language pathology (SLP) education and, more generally, a requirement of all health professional training programmes. Literature from medical education provides a context for understanding how the environment can be vital to all students' learning. Given the increasing costs of education and demands on health services, students who struggle or fail on clinical placement place an additional burden on educators...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159602/competitive-advantage-of-mba-for-physician-executives-a-systematic-literature-review
#16
REVIEW
Anthony D Turner, Stanislaw P Stawicki, Weidun Alan Guo
In response to systemic challenges facing the US healthcare system, many medical students, residents and practicing physicians are pursuing a Master in Business Administration (MBA) degree. The value of such proposition remains poorly defined. The aim of this review is to analyze current literature pertaining to the added value of MBA training for physician executives (PEs). We hypothesized that physicians who supplement their clinical expertise with business education gain a significant competitive advantage...
November 20, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159310/factors-associated-with-gender-affirming-surgery-and-age-of-hormone-therapy-initiation-among-transgender-adults
#17
Noor Beckwith, Sari L Reisner, Shayne Zaslow, Kenneth H Mayer, Alex S Keuroghlian
Purpose: Gender-affirming surgeries and hormone therapy are medically necessary treatments to alleviate gender dysphoria; however, significant gaps exist in the research and clinical literature on surgery utilization and age of hormone therapy initiation among transgender adults. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of electronic health record data from a random sample of 201 transgender patients of ages 18-64 years who presented for primary care between July 1, 2010 and June 30, 2015 (inclusive) at an urban community health center in Boston, MA...
2017: Transgender Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159176/effect-of-alternate-nostril-breathing-exercise-on-experimentally-induced-anxiety-in-healthy-volunteers-using-the-simulated-public-speaking-model-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#18
Ashwin Kamath, Rathnakar P Urval, Ashok K Shenoy
A randomized controlled pilot study was carried out to determine the effect of a 15-minute practice of ANB exercise on experimentally induced anxiety using the simulated public speaking model in yoga-naïve healthy young adults. Thirty consenting medical students were equally divided into test and control groups. The test group performed alternate nostril breathing exercise for 15 minutes, while the control group sat in a quiet room before participating in the simulated public speaking test (SPST). Visual Analog Mood Scale and Self-Statements during Public Speaking scale were used to measure the mood state at different phases of the SPST...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159006/the-sound-games-introducing-gamification-into-stanford-s-orientation-on-emergency-ultrasound
#19
Viveta Lobo, Andrew Q Stromberg, Peter Rosston
Point-of-care ultrasound is a critical component of graduate medical training in emergency medicine. Innovation in ultrasound teaching methods is greatly needed to keep up with a changing medical landscape. A field-wide trend promoting simulation and technology-enhanced learning is underway in an effort to improve patient care, as well as patient safety. In an effort to both motivate students and increase their skill retention, training methods are shifting towards a friendly competition model and are gaining popularity nationwide...
September 18, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157893/a-surgical-residency-preparatory-course-for-senior-medical-students-leads-to-earlier-independence-in-acgme-competencies
#20
Joshua A Wunder, Christopher P Brandt, Jeremy M Lipman
BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether surgery residency preparatory courses lead to earlier independent practice. METHODS: A four-week surgical residency preparatory course was offered to graduating medical students. Upon entering residency, participants reported supervised and unsupervised performance of patient management and procedural competencies. Those who participated in the course (Group A) were compared with graduates from our institution who did not participate but entered surgery residency (Group B) and with residents from other medical schools in the same program as Group A (Group C)...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
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