keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Economic evaluation developing countries

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646806/potential-of-probiotics-in-hypercholesterolemia-a-review-of-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-findings
#1
Smriti Sharma, Seema Puri, Anura V Kurpad
Context • Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a major public health problem in developing and developed countries. Elevated cholesterol levels, especially low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and the emergence of CHD, have been positively correlated in many clinical and epidemiological studies. The health benefits of probiotics have received a great deal of attention, including their blood cholesterol-lowering effects on humans. Objective • The research team intended to determine the current state of research examining the effects of various probiotic strains on lipid profiles, including measures in serum of total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol...
June 23, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637515/current-globalization-of-drug-interventional-clinical-trials-characteristics-and-associated-factors-2011-2013
#2
Sohyun Jeong, Minji Sohn, Jae Hyun Kim, Minoh Ko, Hee-Won Seo, Yun-Kyoung Song, Boyoon Choi, Nayoung Han, Han-Sung Na, Jong Gu Lee, In-Wha Kim, Jung Mi Oh, Euni Lee
BACKGROUND: Clinical trial globalization is a major trend for industry-sponsored clinical trials. There has been a shift in clinical trial sites towards emerging regions of Eastern Europe, Latin America, Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. Our study objectives were to evaluate the current characteristics of clinical trials and to find out the associated multiple factors which could explain clinical trial globalization and its implications for clinical trial globalization in 2011-2013. METHODS: The data elements of "phase," "recruitment status," "type of sponsor," "age groups," and "design of trial" from 30 countries were extracted from the ClinicalTrials...
June 21, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629356/lifestyle-and-income-related-inequality-in-health-in-south-africa
#3
Alfred Kechia Mukong, Corne Van Walbeek, Hana Ross
BACKGROUND: Many low- and middle-income countries are experiencing an epidemiological transition from communicable to non-communicable diseases. This has negative consequences for their human capital development, and imposes a growing economic burden on their societies. While the prevalence of such diseases varies with socioeconomic status, the inequalities can be exacerbated by adopted lifestyles of individuals. Evidence suggests that lifestyle factors may explain the income-related inequality in self-reported health...
June 19, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625004/distribution-weighted-cost-effectiveness-analysis-using-lifetime-health-loss
#4
Ulrikke J V Hernæs, Kjell A Johansson, Trygve Ottersen, Ole F Norheim
BACKGROUND: It is widely acknowledged that concerns for the worse off need to be integrated with the concern for cost effectiveness in priority setting, and several countries are seeking to do so. In Norway, a comprehensive framework for priority setting was recently proposed to specify the worse off in terms of lifetime loss of quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs). However, few studies have shown how to calculate such health losses, how to integrate health loss into cost-effectiveness analyses (CEAs) and how such integration impacts the incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs)...
June 17, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604256/trends-of-improved-water-and-sanitation-coverage-around-the-globe-between-1990-and-2010-inequality-among-countries-and-performance-of-official-development-assistance
#5
Seungman Cha, Paul Mansiangi Mankadi, Mousab Siddig Elhag, Yongjoo Lee, Yan Jin
BACKGROUND: As the Millennium Development Goals ended, and were replaced by the Sustainable Development Goals, efforts have been made to evaluate the achievements and performance of official development assistance (ODA) in the health sector. In this study, we explore trends in the expansion of water and sanitation coverage in developing countries and the performance of ODA. DESIGN: We explored inequality across developing countries by income level, and investigated how ODA for water and sanitation was committed by country, region, and income level...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596911/mental-health-provision-in-schools-approaches-and-interventions-in-10-european-countries
#6
P Patalay, D Gondek, B Moltrecht, L Giese, C Curtin, M Stanković, N Savka
BACKGROUND: The role of schools in providing community-based support for children's mental health and well-being is widely accepted and encouraged. Research has mainly focused on designing and evaluating specific interventions and there is little data available regarding what provision is available, the focus and priorities of schools and the professionals involved in providing this support. The current study presents these data from schools in 10 European countries. METHODS: Online survey of 1466 schools in France, Germany, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Serbia, Spain, Sweden, UK and Ukraine...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591847/implementing-targeted-expectant-management-in-fertility-care-using-prognostic-modelling-a-cluster-randomized-trial-with-a-multifaceted-strategy
#7
F A M Kersten, W L D M Nelen, N M van den Boogaard, M M van Rumste, C A Koks, J IntHout, H R Verhoeve, M J Pelinck, D E S Boks, J Gianotten, F J M Broekmans, M Goddijn, D D M Braat, B W J Mol, R P G M Hermens
STUDY QUESTION: What is the effectiveness of a multifaceted implementation strategy compared to usual care on improving the adherence to guideline recommendations on expectant management for couples with unexplained infertility? SUMMARY ANSWER: The multifaceted implementation strategy did not significantly increase adherence to guideline recommendations on expectant management compared to care as usual. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Intrauterine insemination (IUI) with or without ovarian hyperstimulation has no beneficial effect compared to no treatment for 6 months after the fertility work-up for couples with unexplained infertility and a good prognosis of natural conception...
June 7, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590795/a-recombinant-live-attenuated-tetravalent-vaccine-for-the-prevention-of-dengue
#8
Bruno Guy, Fernando Noriega, R Leon Ochiai, Maïna L'azou, Valentine Delore, Anna Skipetrova, François Verdier, Laurent Coudeville, Stephen Savarino, Nicholas Jackson
Dengue is an important and still growing public health problem associated with substantial morbidity, as well as significant social and economic impact. The present review describes the main features and development of the first dengue vaccine (CYD-TDV, Dengvaxia®), which has been licensed by several dengue-endemic countries in Asia and Latin America for use in populations above 9 years of age. Areas covered: The review focuses on the large clinical development of CYD-TDV, which includes in particular two pivotal phase III efficacy trials conducted in Asia and Latin America and supported vaccine licensure...
July 2017: Expert Review of Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589010/effects-of-economic-downturns-on-child-mortality-a-global-economic-analysis-1981-2010
#9
Mahiben Maruthappu, Robert A Watson, Johnathan Watkins, Thomas Zeltner, Rosalind Raine, Rifat Atun
OBJECTIVES: To analyse how economic downturns affect child mortality both globally and among subgroups of countries of variable income levels. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study using economic data from the World Bank's Development Indicators and Global Development Finance (2013 edition). Child mortality data were sourced from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. SETTING: Global. PARTICIPANTS: 204 countries between 1981 and 2010...
March 2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569208/development-of-a-health-education-intervention-strategy-using-an-implementation-research-method-to-control-taeniasis-and-cysticercosis-in-burkina-faso
#10
Helena Ngowi, Ivan Ozbolt, Athanase Millogo, Veronique Dermauw, Télesphore Somé, Paul Spicer, Lori L Jervis, Rasmané Ganaba, Sarah Gabriel, Pierre Dorny, Hélène Carabin
BACKGROUND: Taeniasis and cysticercosis are two diseases caused by Taenia solium, a parasite transmitted between humans and pigs, leading to considerable economic loss and disabilities. Transmission of the parasite is linked to environmental and behavioural factors such as inadequate sanitation and hygiene, poor pig management, and consumption of infected pork. This study used implementation research method to design a health education intervention strategy for reducing T. solium infections in Burkina Faso, a country endemic for the parasite...
June 1, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566375/rapid-engineering-for-vaccine-and-challenge-viruses-against-foot-and-mouth-disease
#11
Seo-Yong Lee, Yeo-Joo Lee, Rae-Hyung Kim, Jeong-Nam Park, Min-Eun Park, Mi-Kyeong Ko, Joo-Hyung Choi, Jia-Qi Chu, Kwang-Nyeong Lee, Su-Mi Kim, Dongseob Tark, Hyang-Sim Lee, Young-Joon Ko, Min-Goo Seo, Jung-Won Park, Byounghan Kim, Myoung-Heon Lee, Jong-Soo Lee, Jong-Hyeon Park
There are seven antigenically distinct serotypes of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV), each of which has intra-typic variants. In the present study, we have developed methods to efficiently generate promising vaccines against seven serotypes or subtypes. The capsid-coding gene (P1) of the vaccine strain O1/Manisa/Turkey/69 was replaced with the amplified or synthetic genes from the O, A, Asia1, C, SAT 1, SAT 2, and SAT 3 serotypes. The seven serotype viruses were rescued successfully. Each chimeric FMDV with replacing P1 showed its serotype-specific antigenicity and varied in terms of pathogenesis in pigs and mice...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559806/computer-based-training-programs-for-older-people-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-or-dementia
#12
REVIEW
Blanka Klimova, Petra Maresova
Currently, due to the demographic trends, the number of aging population groups is dramatically rising, especially in developed countries. This trend causes serious economic and social issues, but also an increase of aging disorders such as mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia in older population groups. MCI and dementia are connected with deterioration of cognitive functions. The aim of this mini review article is therefore to explore whether computer-based training programs might be an effective intervention tool for older people with MCI and/or dementia or not...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558790/challenges-in-transitioning-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-rheumatologic-diseases-to-adult-care-in-a-developing-country-the-brazilian-experience
#13
Catherine Gusman Anelli, Ana Luiza Mendes Amorim, Fabiane Mitie Osaku, Maria Teresa Terreri, Claudio Arnaldo Len, Andreas Reiff
BACKGROUND: Transition guidelines and recommendations for developing countries are limited and best transition practices in young patients with chronic medical conditions have been poorly examined. This study evaluates transition practices from pediatric to adult rheumatology care in Brazil. METHODS: Practicing pediatric rheumatologists registered in the Brazilian Society of Rheumatology were e-surveyed with SurveyMonkey® using the Chira et al. questionnaire that had been used previously to evaluate transition practices of pediatric rheumatologists from the Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance (CARRA) in the USA and Canada...
May 30, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557989/association-between-expansion-of-primary-healthcare-and-racial-inequalities-in-mortality-amenable-to-primary-care-in-brazil-a-national-longitudinal-analysis
#14
Thomas Hone, Davide Rasella, Mauricio L Barreto, Azeem Majeed, Christopher Millett
BACKGROUND: Universal health coverage (UHC) can play an important role in achieving Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 10, which addresses reducing inequalities, but little supporting evidence is available from low- and middle-income countries. Brazil's Estratégia de Saúde da Família (ESF) (family health strategy) is a community-based primary healthcare (PHC) programme that has been expanding since the 1990s and is the main platform for delivering UHC in the country. We evaluated whether expansion of the ESF was associated with differential reductions in mortality amenable to PHC between racial groups...
May 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541234/psychiatric-specialty-training-in-greece
#15
EDITORIAL
M Margariti, V Kontaxakis, D Ploumpidis
The reform and development of psychiatric services require, in addition to financial resources, reserves in specialized human resources. The role of psychiatrists in this process, and at reducing the consequences of mental morbidity is evident. Psychiatrists are required to play a multifaceted role as clinicians, as experts in multidisciplinary team environments and as advisors in the recognition of public needs in mental health issues, as teachers and mentors for students and other health professionals, as researchers in order to enrich our knowledge in the scientific field of psychiatry, and as public health specialists in the development of the mental health services system...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539085/journal-rankings-and-directions-for-future-research-in-health-care-management-a-global-perspective
#16
Katherine A Meese, Stephen J O'Connor, Nancy Borkowski, S Robert Hernandez
Despite the increasingly global nature of health care, much of the research about journal rankings and directions for future research in health care management is from a United States based viewpoint. There is a lack of information about influential journals and trends for health care management research from a global perspective. This exploratory study gathered the opinions of health care management researchers from 17 countries regarding which journals are considered most influential, popular research topics and areas needing more attention from the research community...
May 2017: Health Services Management Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534384/global-knowledge-of-medicine-experiences-from-tuzla-and-banjaluka-bosnia-herzegovina
#17
Rajko Igić
When English became lingua franca, a significant change in the language of scientific publication in Central and Eastern European countries occurred; many journals instead of the local language, and German, French or Russian used English. The shift occurred due to the intention of both the journal editors and contributors to achieve international recognition and inclusion of the journal in prestigious international medical databases. As a consequence, publications in English are cited on average six times more frequently than those in German, Japanese or French...
March 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522790/the-influence-of-rifaximin-on-diverticulitis-rate-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-diverticulosis
#18
Tomasz Banasiewicz, Wojciech Francuzik, Adam Bobkiewicz, Łukasz Krokowicz, Maciej Borejsza-Wysocki, Jacek Paszkowski, Adam Studniarek, Piotr Krokowicz, Marcin Grochowalski, Marek Szczepkowski, Zbigniew Lorenc
Diverticulosis, its associated symptoms and complications are one of the most common pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract in more economically developed countries. Presence of diverticuli and their clinical consequences can be divided into four categories: 1) diverticulosis, i.e. an asymptomatic presence of diverticuli that are usually found by accident 2) symptomatic uncomplicated diverticulosis 3) diverticulitis (acute uncomplicated diverticulitis) 4) complications of diverticulitis (conditions requiring hospital stay)...
February 28, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520447/-controversies-around-qalys
#19
Vladimír Rogalewicz, Miroslav Barták
The paper summarizes the criticisms of the QALY concept utilization in health-economic evaluations that has been growing stronger in the last years. Despite of its limitations, the QALY concept has been routinely used in many countries incl. the Czech Republic. However, some states disapproved QALYs as an optimizing criterion at the level of their political decisions. The critical reflection concerns both the theoretical and the experimental issues. Based on a literary review, fundamental arguments against the concept are summarized, and a synthesis of material objections is presented...
2017: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495549/a-blind-spot-on-the-global-mental-health-map-a-scoping-review-of-25-years-development-of-mental-health-care-for-people-with-severe-mental-illnesses-in-central-and-eastern-europe
#20
REVIEW
Petr Winkler, Dzmitry Krupchanka, Tessa Roberts, Lucie Kondratova, Vendula Machů, Cyril Höschl, Norman Sartorius, Robert Van Voren, Oleg Aizberg, Istvan Bitter, Arlinda Cerga-Pashoja, Azra Deljkovic, Naim Fanaj, Arunas Germanavicius, Hristo Hinkov, Aram Hovsepyan, Fuad N Ismayilov, Sladana Strkalj Ivezic, Marek Jarema, Vesna Jordanova, Selma Kukić, Nino Makhashvili, Brigita Novak Šarotar, Oksana Plevachuk, Daria Smirnova, Bogdan Ioan Voinescu, Jelena Vrublevska, Graham Thornicroft
Just over 25 years have passed since the major sociopolitical changes in central and eastern Europe; our aim was to map and analyse the development of mental health-care practice for people with severe mental illnesses in this region since then. A scoping review was complemented by an expert survey in 24 countries. Mental health-care practice in the region differs greatly across as well as within individual countries. National policies often exist but reforms remain mostly in the realm of aspiration. Services are predominantly based in psychiatric hospitals...
May 8, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
20887
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"