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Economic evaluation developing countries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183336/assessing-the-impact-of-intervention-strategies-against-taenia-solium-cysticercosis-using-the-epicyst-transmission-model
#1
Peter Winskill, Wendy E Harrison, Michael D French, Matthew A Dixon, Bernadette Abela-Ridder, María-Gloria Basáñez
BACKGROUND: The pork tapeworm, Taenia solium, and associated human infections, taeniasis, cysticercosis and neurocysticercosis, are serious public health problems, especially in developing countries. The World Health Organization (WHO) has set goals for having a validated strategy for control and elimination of T. solium taeniasis/cysticercosis by 2015 and interventions scaled-up in selected countries by 2020. Timely achievement of these internationally-endorsed targets requires that the relative benefits and effectiveness of potential interventions be explored rigorously within a quantitative framework...
February 9, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171715/cancer-mortality-to-incidence-ratio-as-an-indicator-of-cancer-management-outcomes-in-oecd-countries
#2
Eunji Choi, Sangeun Lee, Bui Cam Nhung, Mina Suh, Boyoung Park, Jae Kwan Jun, Kui Son Choi
PURPOSE: Assessing long-term success and efficiency is essential to evaluating cancer control programs. Mortality-to-incidence ratio (MIR) can serve as an insightful indicator of cancer management outcomes for individual nations. Calculating MIRs for the top five cancers among Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, the current study attempted to outline the outcomes of national cancer management policies according to the health system ranking of each country...
February 5, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165375/employment-condition-economic-deprivation-and-self-evaluated-health-in-europe-evidence-from-eu-silc-2009-2012
#3
Silvia Bacci, Claudia Pigini, Marco Seracini, Liliana Minelli
Background: The mixed empirical evidence about employment conditions (i.e., permanent vs. temporary job, full-time vs. part-time job) as well as unemployment has motivated the development of conceptual models with the aim of assessing the pathways leading to effects of employment status on health. Alongside physically and psychologically riskier working conditions, one channel stems in the possibly severe economic deprivation faced by temporary workers. We investigate whether economic deprivation is able to partly capture the effect of employment status on Self-evaluated Health Status (SHS)...
February 3, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148697/updating-the-psoriatic-arthritis-psa-core-domain-set-a-report-from-the-psa-workshop-at-omeract-2016
#4
Ana-Maria Orbai, Maarten de Wit, Philip J Mease, Kristina Callis Duffin, Musaab Elmamoun, William Tillett, Willemina Campbell, Oliver FitzGerald, Dafna D Gladman, Niti Goel, Laure Gossec, Pil Hoejgaard, Ying Ying Leung, Chris Lindsay, Vibeke Strand, Désirée M van der Heijde, Bev Shea, Robin Christensen, Laura Coates, Lihi Eder, Neil McHugh, Umut Kalyoncu, Ingrid Steinkoenig, Alexis Ogdie
OBJECTIVE: To include the patient perspective in accordance with the Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) Filter 2.0 in the updated Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) Core Domain Set for randomized controlled trials (RCT) and longitudinal observational studies (LOS). METHODS: At OMERACT 2016, research conducted to update the PsA Core Domain Set was presented and discussed in breakout groups. The updated PsA Core Domain Set was voted on and endorsed by OMERACT participants...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139086/key-recommendations-from-the-medtechta-project
#5
Rosanna Tarricone, Aleksandra Torbica, Michael Drummond
There are particular characteristics of Medical Devices, such as the device-user interaction, the incremental nature of innovation and the broader organizational impact that lead to additional challenges for health technology assessment (HTA). The project explored key aspects of the conduct and methods of HTA for MDs. Systematic reviews and original research studies were conducted to determine improvements in processes and methods that could enhance the potential for HTA and optimize the diffusion of MDs. Regulatory processes for MDs should be more closely aligned, the HTA evaluative framework should be harmonized and processes for conditional coverage and evidence development should be used...
February 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137542/developing-the-first-highly-specialized-neurosurgical-center-of-excellence-in-trujillo-peru-work-in-progress-first-four-months-results
#6
Joham Choque-Velasquez, Roberto Colasanti, Virginia Baffigo-Torre, Luisa Estela Sacieta-Carbajo, Jacqueline Olivari-Heredia, Yolanda Falcon-Lizaraso, Juan Huber Mallma-Torres, Humberto Elera-Florez, Juha Hernesniemi
BACKGROUND: Economic, cultural, and geographical reasons usually limit the access to specialized health centers in developing countries, especially in rural areas. Peruvian health system indicators still highlight significant unmet clinical need for neurosurgical patients. Our project is to develop the first highly specialized neurosurgical center in the EsSalud hospital of Trujillo, with the goal to improve the treatment of neurosurgical diseases in that region, thus optimizing their outcomes while decreasing expensive and risky patients transfer to the neurosurgical departments in the capital district...
January 27, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133758/feasibility-of-robotic-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-of-lung-tumors-with-kilovoltage-x-ray-beams
#7
Susana V Sánchez-Arreola, Héctor M Garnica-Garza
PURPOSE: Robotic Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for lung tumors is treatment modality that, for cases of inoperable lung tumors, has shown excellent treatment outcomes. The typical photon energy when delivering this type of treatments is 6MeV. In this work, using Monte Carlo simulation and realistic patient models we evaluate the characteristics of the absorbed dose distributions that result when x-ray beams of peak spectral energy of 220keV are used to irradiate lung tumors assuming a robotic SBRT delivery mode...
January 30, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126474/can-cost-make-a-difference-dosimetrically-volumetric-modulated-arc-therapy-study-for-multileaf-collimators-of-various-widths-for-head-and-neck-and-prostate-cancers
#8
Jong-Han Ho, Shane Hagler, Carrie Lujano, Sopaul Seng, Christine Starks, Kelly Perrin, Lehendrick Turner, Laurence Court
Cancer is a global health issue that disproportionately kills based on stage of disease, cellular pathology, and genetics, to name a few. Another variable to consider in this ongoing fight is treatment machine complexity that leads to elevated development and purchasing cost, leading to a reduced use. Reducing the complexity (in hopes of lowering costs) would benefit underdeveloped, low- and middle-income countries by introducing newer treatment technology, as their currently accepted standards do not meet standards of more advanced, developed countries...
January 23, 2017: Medical Dosimetry: Official Journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126092/societal-inequality-and-individual-subjective-well-being-results-from-68-societies-and-over-200-000-individuals-1981-2008
#9
Jonathan Kelley, M D R Evans
Income inequality has been contentious for millennia, a source of political conflict for centuries, and is now widely feared as a pernicious "side effect" of economic progress. But equality is only a means to an end and so must be evaluated by its consequences. The fundamental question is: What effect does a country's level of income inequality have on its citizens' quality of life, their subjective well-being? We show that in developing nations inequality is certainly not harmful but probably beneficial, increasing well-being by about 8 points out of 100...
February 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122530/via-vili-is-more-suitable-for-cervical-cancer-prevention-in-chinese-poverty-stricken-region-a-health-economic-evaluation
#10
Yu Xie, Xiaodong Tan, Haiyan Shao, Qing Liu, Jiyu Tou, Yuling Zhang, Qiong Luo, Qunying Xiang
BACKGROUND: Screening is the main preventive method for cervical cancer in developing countries, but each type of screening has advantages and disadvantages. To investigate the most suitable method for low-income areas in China, we conducted a health economic analysis comparing three methods: visual inspection with acetic acid and Lugol's iodine (VIA/VILI), ThinPrep cytology test (TCT), and human papillomavirus (HPV) test. METHODS: We recruited 3086 women aged 35-65 years using cluster random sampling...
January 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121367/height-bmi-and-relative-economic-standing-in-children-from-developing-countries
#11
Jason E Murasko
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to estimate a height-BMI association in child and female adolescent populations in developing countries, and to evaluate the potential role of relative economic status in this association. METHODS: Flexible structured additive regression models were used to estimate associations between height, BMI, and relative wealth. Linear regression models were used to evaluate height-wealth interactions on BMI outcomes. The models were applied to pooled samples of 971,180 children under 5 years of age and 225,718 adolescent females between 15 and 19 years...
January 25, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109609/economic-evaluation-of-progeny-testing-and-genomic-selection-schemes-for-small-sized-nucleus-dairy-cattle-breeding-programs-in-developing-countries
#12
C M Kariuki, E W Brascamp, H Komen, A K Kahi, J A M van Arendonk
In developing countries minimal and erratic performance and pedigree recording impede implementation of large-sized breeding programs. Small-sized nucleus programs offer an alternative but rely on their economic performance for their viability. We investigated the economic performance of 2 alternative small-sized dairy nucleus programs [i.e., progeny testing (PT) and genomic selection (GS)] over a 20-yr investment period. The nucleus was made up of 453 male and 360 female animals distributed in 8 non-overlapping age classes...
March 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104695/infectious-disease-risk-and-international-tourism-demand
#13
Jaume Rosselló, Maria Santana-Gallego, Waqas Awan
CONTEXT:  For some countries, favourable climatic conditions for tourism are often associated with favourable conditions for infectious diseases, with the ensuing development constraints on the tourist sectors of impoverished countries where tourism's economic contribution has a high potential. This paper evaluates the economic implications of eradication of Malaria, Dengue, Yellow Fever and Ebola on the affected destination countries focusing on the tourist expenditures. METHODS:  A gravity model for international tourism flows is used to provide an estimation of the impact of each travel-related disease on international tourist arrivals...
January 18, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096393/utility-value-intervention-with-parents-increases-students-stem-preparation-and-career-pursuit
#14
Christopher S Rozek, Ryan C Svoboda, Judith M Harackiewicz, Chris S Hulleman, Janet S Hyde
During high school, developing competence in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) is critically important as preparation to pursue STEM careers, yet students in the United States lag behind other countries, ranking 35th in mathematics and 27th in science achievement internationally. Given the importance of STEM careers as drivers of modern economies, this deficiency in preparation for STEM careers threatens the United States' continued economic progress. In the present study, we evaluated the long-term effects of a theory-based intervention designed to help parents convey the importance of mathematics and science courses to their high-school-aged children...
January 31, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068525/differences-in-early-cognitive-and-receptive-expressive-neurodevelopment-by-ancestry-and-underlying-pathways-in-brazil-and-argentina
#15
George L Wehby, Antonio J Trujillo
We examine disparities in early child cognitive and receptive-expressive skills by ethnic ancestry among infants aged 3-24 months from Brazil and Argentina. We employ unique data on the neurodevelopment of children who were seeking routine well-child care at a set of pediatric clinics in these countries. The sample included children who had normal birth outcomes and no major health complications, allowing us to focus on variation in neurodevelopment among children without major physical health limitations. The physicians attending the pediatric clinics were trained in administering the Bayley Infant Neurodevelopmental Screener, a standardized instrument used to screen an infant's risk of neurodevelopmental problems on various domains of abilities...
January 6, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050062/reliability-of-the-pectoralis-major-myocutaneous-flap-in-reconstructive-oral-cancer-surgery-in-developing-countries-our-experience
#16
Atanu Bhanja, D S J D'Souza, Collin Roy, R N Poddar
BACKGROUND: Although free flaps are nowadays considered 'Gold standard' of head and neck reconstruction, pectoralis major myocutaneous (PMMC) flap is still popular among many reconstructive cancer surgeons in developing countries for its many advantages and also due to lack of resources for free flaps in most of the centers, large number of cancer patients with poor nutritional status and economic condition. However, many studies have reported high complication rate in PMMC flap. So, the purpose of our study was to evaluate the reliability of PMMC flap...
December 2016: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040737/a-systematic-review-of-economic-evaluations-of-screening-programmes-for-cardiometabolic-diseases
#17
Mickael Hiligsmann, Caroline E Wyers, Susanne Mayer, Silvia M Evers, Dirk Ruwaard
BACKGROUND: The early detection and adequate management of cardiometabolic diseases (CMD) is becoming a priority to prevent future health problems and related healthcare costs. AIM: This study systematically reviewed the economic evaluations of screening programmes for the early detection of persons at risk for CMD. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted using MEDLINE, Web of Science, NHSEED and the CEA registry to identify relevant articles published between 1 January 2005 and 1 May 2015...
December 31, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018024/returns-to-food-and-agricultural-r-d-investments-in-sub-saharan-africa-1975-2014
#18
Philip G Pardey, Robert S Andrade, Terrance M Hurley, Xudong Rao, Frikkie G Liebenberg
Research-enabled growth in agricultural productivity is pivotal to sub-Saharan Africa's overall economic growth prospects. Yet, investments in research and development (R&D) targeted to many national food and agricultural economies throughout Africa are fragile and faltering. To gain insight into what could be driving this trend, this article updates, summarizes and reassesses the published evidence on the returns to African agricultural R&D. Based on a compilation of 113 studies published between 1975 and 2014 spanning 25 countries, the reported internal rates of return (IRRs) to food and agricultural research conducted in or of direct consequence for sub-Saharan Africa averaged 42...
December 2016: Food Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005986/a-systematic-review-of-cost-effectiveness-studies-reporting-cost-per-daly-averted
#19
Peter J Neumann, Teja Thorat, Yue Zhong, Jordan Anderson, Megan Farquhar, Mark Salem, Eileen Sandberg, Cayla J Saret, Colby Wilkinson, Joshua T Cohen
INTRODUCTION: Calculating the cost per disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) averted associated with interventions is an increasing popular means of assessing the cost-effectiveness of strategies to improve population health. However, there has been no systematic attempt to characterize the literature and its evolution. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of cost-effectiveness studies reporting cost-per-DALY averted from 2000 through 2015. We developed the Global Health Cost-Effectiveness Analysis (GHCEA) Registry, a repository of English-language cost-per-DALY averted studies indexed in PubMed...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997537/patterns-and-determinants-of-care-seeking-for-antepartum-and-intrapartum-complications-in-rural-bangladesh-results-from-a-cohort-study
#20
Rasheda Khanam, Andreea A Creanga, Alain K Koffi, Dipak K Mitra, Arif Mahmud, Nazma Begum, Syed Mamun Ibne Moin, Malathi Ram, Md Abdul Quaiyum, Saifuddin Ahmed, Samir K Saha, Abdullah H Baqui
BACKGROUND: The burden of maternal complications during antepartum and intrapartum periods is high and care seeking from a trained provider is low, particularly in low middle income countries of sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. Identification of barriers to access to trained care and development of strategies to address them will contribute to improvements in maternal health. Using data from a community-based cohort of pregnant women, this study identified the prevalence of antepartum and intrapartum complications and determinants of care-seeking for these complications in rural Bangladesh...
2016: PloS One
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