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Economic evaluation developing countries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314153/sewage-sludge-disposal-strategies-for-sustainable-development
#1
Małgorzata Kacprzak, Ewa Neczaj, Krzysztof Fijałkowski, Anna Grobelak, Anna Grosser, Małgorzata Worwag, Agnieszka Rorat, Helge Brattebo, Åsgeir Almås, Bal Ram Singh
The main objective of the present review is to compare the existing sewage sludge management solutions in terms of their environmental sustainability. The most commonly used strategies, that include treatment and disposal has been favored within the present state-of-art, considering existing legislation (at European and national level), characterization, ecotoxicology, waste management and actual routs used currently in particular European countries. Selected decision making tools, namely End-of-waste criteria and Life Cycle Assessment has been proposed in order to appropriately assess the possible environmental, economic and technical evaluation of different systems...
March 14, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289356/management-of-burns-in-the-elderly
#2
G S Abu-Sittah, F M Chahine, H Janom
Burns are one of the most devastating forms of trauma worldwide. While geriatric burns are uncommon in the developing world - accounting for less than 5% of burns in South Asian and Middle Eastern countries - they account for almost 20% of burns in economically developed countries such as the USA. The elderly population in general is at higher risk for burn injury, moreover mortality rate, as well as severity of complications, is more pronounced in this group of patients. A review of the literature was conducted to evaluate risk factors as well as pathophysiological and immunological conditions that affect response to burn injury in the elderly population...
December 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283816/fowl-adenovirus-history-emergence-biology-and-development-of-a-vaccine-against-hydropericardium-syndrome
#3
REVIEW
M S Shah, A Ashraf, M I Khan, M Rahman, M Habib, M I Chughtai, J A Qureshi
The poultry industry has emerged as one of the largest and fastest growing public sectors in the developed and developing countries. Unfortunately, this industry is under a major threat from diseases that are viral (Newcastle disease, infectious bursal disease, influenza, hydropericardium syndrome), bacterial (colibacillosis, pasteurellosis, salmonellosis, mycoplasmosis), parasitic (coccidiosis, histoplasmosis) or nutritional (dyschondroplasia, osteoporosis). Among these diseases, hydropericardium syndrome (HPS) is one of the important emerging diseases occurring in the specific areas of the world where broilers (chickens) are reared under intensive conditions...
March 10, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283013/-molecular-characterization-of-echinococcus-granulosus-isolates-obtained-from-different-hosts
#4
Emrah Erdoğan, Bora Özkan, Fatih Mutlu, Serkan Karaca, İzzet Şahin
Echinococcus granulosus is a parasite that can be seen throughout the world. So far, five species of genus Echinococcus have been identified as parasite in people: E.granulosus, E.multilocularis, E.vogeli, E.oligarthrus, E.shiquicus. Larval (metacestod) form of parasite settles in internal organs of hoofed animals (cattle, goats, pigs, horses, sheep, etc.) and human; the adult form is found in small intestine of final host, canine. Disease caused by parasite called as "Cystic echinococcosis" (CE) is an important health problem and causes economic losses in many countries including our country that livestock is common...
January 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278774/sustainability-of-cement-kiln-co-processing-of-wastes-in-india-a-pilot-study
#5
Rahul Baidya, Sadhan Kumar Ghosh, Ulhas V Parlikar
Co-processing in cement kiln achieves effective utilization of the material and energy value present in the wastes, thereby conserving the natural resources by reducing the use of virgin material. In India, a number of multifolded initiatives have been taken that take into account the potential and volume of waste generation. This paper studies the factors which might influence the sustainability of co-processing of waste in cement kilns as a business model, considering the issues and challenges in the supply chain framework in India in view of the four canonical pillars of sustainability...
February 28, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278038/an-ism-and-dematel-method-approach-for-the-analysis-of-barriers-of-waste-recycling-in-india
#6
Ankur Chauhan, Amol Singh, Sanjay Jharkharia
Increasing amount of wastes is posing great difficulties for all countries across the world. The problem of waste management is more severe in developing countries like India where the rates of economic growth and urbanization are increasing at a fast pace. The governments in these countries are often constrained by limited technical and financial capabilities, which prevent them from effectively addressing these problems. There is a limited participation from the private players too in terms of setting up of waste recycling units...
October 24, 2016: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274214/the-impact-of-integrated-prevention-and-treatment-on-child-malnutrition-and-health-the-promis-project-a-randomized-control-trial-in-burkina-faso-and-mali
#7
Lieven Huybregts, Elodie Becquey, Amanda Zongrone, Agnes Le Port, Regina Khassanova, Lazare Coulibaly, Jef L Leroy, Rahul Rawat, Marie T Ruel
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that both preventive and curative nutrition interventions are needed to tackle child acute malnutrition (AM) in developing countries. In addition to reducing the incidence of AM, providing preventive interventions may also help increase attendance (and coverage) of AM screening, a major constraint in the community-based management of child acute malnutrition (CMAM) model. There is a paucity of evidence-based strategies to deliver integrated preventive and curative interventions effectively and affordably at scale...
March 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274014/urinary-uric-acid-creatinine-ratio-a-marker-for-perinatal-asphyxia
#8
Kinjal Prahaladbhai Patel, Mayur Goradhanbhai Makadia, Vishwal Indravardan Patel, Haridas Neelakandan Nilayangode, Somashekhar Marutirao Nimbalkar
BACKGROUND: Perinatal hypoxia is one of the leading causes of perinatal mortality in developing countries. Both apgar score and arterial blood pH predict the neonatal mortality in asphyxia. Apgar score alone does not predict neurologic outcome and as it is influenced by various factors. This study was conducted to evaluate the utility and sensitivity of urinary uric acid to creatinine ratio (UA/Cr ratio) in asphyxia diagnosis, compared to invasive Arterial Blood Gas (ABG) analysis. AIM: To assess the urinary uric acid/creatinine ratio as an additional marker for perinatal asphyxia compared with ABG analysis in apgar score monitoring...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271691/comparative-analysis-of-serum-allergen-sige-detected-by-western-blotting-and-fluorescent-enzyme-immunoassay
#9
Xi Chen, Peiyan Zheng, Nili Wei, Huimin Huang, Wenting Luo, Yongping Lin, Baoqing Sun
BACKGROUND: Various new methods to diagnose allergens have gradually developed in recent years. The present study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic performance and clinical utility of Allergy-Q detection system (Proteometech Inc., Korea) on serum allergen-specific IgE (sIgE). METHODS: Immunoblotting (Allergy-Q system) and fluorescent enzyme immunoassay (ImmunoCAP system, Phadia Inc., Sweden) were used to detect serum total IgE and allergen sIgE of 244 cases of allergic diseases, followed by comparative analysis of the results...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252818/economic-impact-of-routine-opt-out-antenatal-hiv-screening-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
E Ibekwe, C Haigh, F Duncan, F Fatoye
OBJECTIVES:  To evaluate the economic impact of routine testing of HIV in antenatal (ANC) settings. BACKGROUND: Many children are being infected with HIV through mother to child transmission (MTCT) of the virus. Most of these infections are preventable if the mothers' HIV status are identified in a timely manner and appropriate interventions put in place. Routine HIV testing is widely acclaimed as a strategy for universal access to HIV testing and is being adopted by developed and developing poor income countries without recourse to the economic impact...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245839/a-systematic-review-of-economic-evaluations-of-chw-interventions-aimed-at-improving-child-health-outcomes
#11
REVIEW
L Nkonki, A Tugendhaft, K Hofman
Evidence of the cost-effectiveness of community health worker interventions is pertinent for decision-makers and programme planners who are turning to community services in order to strengthen health systems in the context of the momentum generated by strategies to support universal health care, the post-2015 Sustainable Development Goal agenda.We conducted a systematic review of published economic evaluation studies of community health worker interventions aimed at improving child health outcomes. Four public health and economic evaluation databases were searched for studies that met the inclusion criteria: National Health Service Economic Evaluation Database (NHS EED), Cochrane, Paediatric Economic Evaluation Database (PEED), and PubMed...
February 28, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228457/impact-of-workplace-physical-activity-interventions-on-physical-activity-and-cardiometabolic-health-among-working-age-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Jennifer L Reed, Stephanie A Prince, Cara G Elliott, Kerri-Anne Mullen, Heather E Tulloch, Swapnil Hiremath, Lisa M Cotie, Andrew L Pipe, Robert D Reid
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among women in high-income Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development countries. Physical activity is protective for cardiovascular disease. The realities of modern life require working-age women to address work-related, family, and social demands. Few working-age women meet current moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) recommendations. Given that working-age women spend a substantial proportion of their waking hours at work, places of employment may be an opportune and a controlled setting to implement programs, improving MVPA levels and enhancing cardiometabolic health...
February 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183336/assessing-the-impact-of-intervention-strategies-against-taenia-solium-cysticercosis-using-the-epicyst-transmission-model
#13
Peter Winskill, Wendy E Harrison, Michael D French, Matthew A Dixon, Bernadette Abela-Ridder, María-Gloria Basáñez
BACKGROUND: The pork tapeworm, Taenia solium, and associated human infections, taeniasis, cysticercosis and neurocysticercosis, are serious public health problems, especially in developing countries. The World Health Organization (WHO) has set goals for having a validated strategy for control and elimination of T. solium taeniasis/cysticercosis by 2015 and interventions scaled-up in selected countries by 2020. Timely achievement of these internationally-endorsed targets requires that the relative benefits and effectiveness of potential interventions be explored rigorously within a quantitative framework...
February 9, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171715/cancer-mortality-to-incidence-ratio-as-an-indicator-of-cancer-management-outcomes-in-oecd-countries
#14
Eunji Choi, Sangeun Lee, Bui Cam Nhung, Mina Suh, Boyoung Park, Jae Kwan Jun, Kui Son Choi
PURPOSE: Assessing long-term success and efficiency is essential to evaluating cancer control programs. Mortality-to-incidence ratio (MIR) can serve as an insightful indicator of cancer management outcomes for individual nations. Calculating MIRs for the top five cancers among Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, the current study attempted to outline the outcomes of national cancer management policies according to the health system ranking of each country...
February 5, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165375/employment-condition-economic-deprivation-and-self-evaluated-health-in-europe-evidence-from-eu-silc-2009-2012
#15
Silvia Bacci, Claudia Pigini, Marco Seracini, Liliana Minelli
Background: The mixed empirical evidence about employment conditions (i.e., permanent vs. temporary job, full-time vs. part-time job) as well as unemployment has motivated the development of conceptual models with the aim of assessing the pathways leading to effects of employment status on health. Alongside physically and psychologically riskier working conditions, one channel stems in the possibly severe economic deprivation faced by temporary workers. We investigate whether economic deprivation is able to partly capture the effect of employment status on Self-evaluated Health Status (SHS)...
February 3, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148697/updating-the-psoriatic-arthritis-psa-core-domain-set-a-report-from-the-psa-workshop-at-omeract-2016
#16
Ana-Maria Orbai, Maarten de Wit, Philip J Mease, Kristina Callis Duffin, Musaab Elmamoun, William Tillett, Willemina Campbell, Oliver FitzGerald, Dafna D Gladman, Niti Goel, Laure Gossec, Pil Hoejgaard, Ying Ying Leung, Chris Lindsay, Vibeke Strand, Désirée M van der Heijde, Bev Shea, Robin Christensen, Laura Coates, Lihi Eder, Neil McHugh, Umut Kalyoncu, Ingrid Steinkoenig, Alexis Ogdie
OBJECTIVE: To include the patient perspective in accordance with the Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) Filter 2.0 in the updated Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) Core Domain Set for randomized controlled trials (RCT) and longitudinal observational studies (LOS). METHODS: At OMERACT 2016, research conducted to update the PsA Core Domain Set was presented and discussed in breakout groups. The updated PsA Core Domain Set was voted on and endorsed by OMERACT participants...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139086/key-recommendations-from-the-medtechta-project
#17
Rosanna Tarricone, Aleksandra Torbica, Michael Drummond
There are particular characteristics of Medical Devices, such as the device-user interaction, the incremental nature of innovation and the broader organizational impact that lead to additional challenges for health technology assessment (HTA). The project explored key aspects of the conduct and methods of HTA for MDs. Systematic reviews and original research studies were conducted to determine improvements in processes and methods that could enhance the potential for HTA and optimize the diffusion of MDs. Regulatory processes for MDs should be more closely aligned, the HTA evaluative framework should be harmonized and processes for conditional coverage and evidence development should be used...
February 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137542/developing-the-first-highly-specialized-neurosurgical-center-of-excellence-in-trujillo-peru-work-in-progress-first-four-months-results
#18
Joham Choque-Velasquez, Roberto Colasanti, Virginia Baffigo-Torre, Luisa Estela Sacieta-Carbajo, Jacqueline Olivari-Heredia, Yolanda Falcon-Lizaraso, Juan Huber Mallma-Torres, Humberto Elera-Florez, Juha Hernesniemi
BACKGROUND: Economic, cultural, and geographical reasons usually limit the access to specialized health centers in developing countries, especially in rural areas. Peruvian health system indicators still highlight significant unmet clinical need for neurosurgical patients. Our project is to develop the first highly specialized neurosurgical center in the EsSalud hospital of Trujillo, with the goal to improve the treatment of neurosurgical diseases in that region, thus optimizing their outcomes while decreasing expensive and risky patients transfer to the neurosurgical departments in the capital district...
January 27, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133758/feasibility-of-robotic-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-of-lung-tumors-with-kilovoltage-x-ray-beams
#19
Susana V Sánchez-Arreola, Héctor M Garnica-Garza
PURPOSE: Robotic Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for lung tumors is treatment modality that, for cases of inoperable lung tumors, has shown excellent treatment outcomes. The typical photon energy when delivering this type of treatments is 6MeV. In this work, using Monte Carlo simulation and realistic patient models we evaluate the characteristics of the absorbed dose distributions that result when x-ray beams of peak spectral energy of 220keV are used to irradiate lung tumors assuming a robotic SBRT delivery mode...
January 30, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126474/can-cost-make-a-difference-dosimetrically-volumetric-modulated-arc-therapy-study-for-multileaf-collimators-of-various-widths-for-head-and-neck-and-prostate-cancers
#20
Jong-Han Ho, Shane Hagler, Carrie Lujano, Sopaul Seng, Christine Starks, Kelly Perrin, Lehendrick Turner, Laurence Court
Cancer is a global health issue that disproportionately kills based on stage of disease, cellular pathology, and genetics, to name a few. Another variable to consider in this ongoing fight is treatment machine complexity that leads to elevated development and purchasing cost, leading to a reduced use. Reducing the complexity (in hopes of lowering costs) would benefit underdeveloped, low- and middle-income countries by introducing newer treatment technology, as their currently accepted standards do not meet standards of more advanced, developed countries...
April 2017: Medical Dosimetry: Official Journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
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