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Feigenson gerald

Yi Wen, Robert A Dick, Gerald W Feigenson, Volker M Vogt
UNLABELLED: The retroviral structural protein Gag binds to the inner leaflet of the plasma membrane (PM), and many cellular proteins do so as well. We used Rous sarcoma virus (RSV) Gag together with membrane sensors to study the principles governing peripheral protein membrane binding, including electrostatics, specific recognition of phospholipid headgroups, sensitivity to phospholipid acyl chain compositions, preference for membrane order, and protein multimerization. We used an in vitro liposome-pelleting assay to test protein membrane binding properties of Gag, the well-characterized MARCKS peptide, a series of fluorescent electrostatic sensor proteins (mNG-KRn), and the specific phosphatidylserine (PS) binding protein Evectin2...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Virology
Frederick A Heberle, Drew Marquardt, Milka Doktorova, Barbara Geier, Robert F Standaert, Peter Heftberger, Benjamin Kollmitzer, Jonathan D Nickels, Robert A Dick, Gerald W Feigenson, John Katsaras, Erwin London, Georg Pabst
Cell membranes possess a complex three-dimensional architecture, including nonrandom lipid lateral organization within the plane of a bilayer leaflet, and compositional asymmetry between the two leaflets. As a result, delineating the membrane structure-function relationship has been a highly challenging task. Even in simplified model systems, the interactions between bilayer leaflets are poorly understood, due in part to the difficulty of preparing asymmetric model membranes that are free from the effects of residual organic solvent or osmotic stress...
May 24, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
David G Ackerman, Gerald W Feigenson
We used coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulations to examine the effects of transmembrane α-helical WALP peptides on the behavior of four-component lipid mixtures. These mixtures contain a high-melting temperature (high-Tm) lipid, a nanodomain-inducing low-Tm lipid, a macrodomain-inducing low-Tm lipid and cholesterol to model the outer leaflet of cell plasma membranes. In a series of simulations, we incrementally replace the nanodomain-inducing low-Tm lipid by the macrodomain-inducing low-Tm lipid and measure how lipid and phase properties are altered by the addition of WALPs of different length...
May 5, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Samriddh Mudgal, Ivan Keresztes, Gerald W Feigenson, S S H Rizvi
We illustrate a method that uses bovine serum albumin (BSA) to control the receptor-accessible part of rebaudioside A (Reb A). The critical micelle concentration (CMC) of Reb A was found to be 4.5 mM and 5 mM at pH 3 and 6.7 respectively. NMR studies show that below its CMC, Reb A binds weakly to BSA to generate a Reb A-protein complex ("RPC"), which is only modestly stable under varying conditions of pH (3.0-6.7) and temperature (4-40°C) with its binding affinities determined to be in the range of 5-280 mM...
April 15, 2016: Food Chemistry
Tatyana M Konyakhina, Gerald W Feigenson
Phospholipids having a polyunsaturated acyl chain are abundant in biological membranes, but their behavior in lipid mixtures is difficult to study. Here we elucidate the nature of such mixtures with this report of the first ternary phase diagram containing the polyunsaturated lipid SDPC in mixtures of BSM/SDPC/Chol (brain sphingomyelin/1-stearoyl-2-docosahexaenoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine/cholesterol). These mixtures show coexisting macroscopic liquid-disordered (Ld) and liquid-ordered (Lo) phase separation, with phase boundaries determined by FRET and by fluorescence microscopy imaging of giant unilamellar vesicles (GUVs)...
January 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Gerald W Feigenson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2015: Biophysical Journal
David G Ackerman, Gerald W Feigenson
In the present chapter we discuss the complex mixing behaviour of plasma membrane lipids. To do so, we first introduce the plasma membrane and membrane mixtures often used to model its complexity. We then discuss the nature of lipid phase behaviour in bilayers and the distinction between these phases and other manifestations of non-random mixing found in one-phase mixtures, such as clusters, micelles and microemulsions. Finally, we demonstrate the applicability of Gibbs phase diagrams to the study of increasingly complex model membrane systems, with a focus on phase coexistence, morphology and their implications for the cell plasma membrane...
2015: Essays in Biochemistry
David G Ackerman, Gerald W Feigenson
Simplified lipid mixtures are often used to model the complex behavior of the cell plasma membrane. Indeed, as few as four components-a high-melting lipid, a nandomain-inducing low-melting lipid, a macrodomain-inducing low-melting lipid, and cholesterol (chol)-can give rise to a wide range of domain sizes and patterns that are highly sensitive to lipid compositions. Although these systems are studied extensively with experiments, the molecular-level details governing their phase behavior are not yet known. We address this issue by using molecular dynamics simulations to analyze how phase separation evolves in a four-component system as it transitions from small domains to large domains...
March 19, 2015: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Frederick A Heberle, Milka Doktorova, Shih Lin Goh, Robert F Standaert, John Katsaras, Gerald W Feigenson
Nanometer-scale domains in cholesterol-rich model membranes emulate lipid rafts in cell plasma membranes (PMs). The physicochemical mechanisms that maintain a finite, small domain size are, however, not well understood. A special role has been postulated for chain-asymmetric or hybrid lipids having a saturated sn-1 chain and an unsaturated sn-2 chain. Hybrid lipids generate nanodomains in some model membranes and are also abundant in the PM. It was proposed that they align in a preferred orientation at the boundary of ordered and disordered phases, lowering the interfacial energy and thus reducing domain size...
October 9, 2013: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Tatyana M Konyakhina, Jing Wu, James D Mastroianni, Frederick A Heberle, Gerald W Feigenson
We report the first 4-component phase diagram for the lipid bilayer mixture, DSPC/DOPC/POPC/chol (distearoylphosphatidylcholine/dioleoylphosphatidylcholine/1-palmitoyl, 2-oleoylphosphatidylcholine/cholesterol). This phase diagram, which has macroscopic Ld+Lo phase domains, clearly shows that all phase boundaries determined for the 3-component mixture containing DOPC transition smoothly into the boundaries for the 3-component mixture containing POPC, which has nanoscopic phase domains of Ld+Lo. Our studies start from two published ternary phase diagrams, and show how these can be combined into a quaternary phase diagram by study of a few hundred samples of intermediate compositions...
September 2013: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
David G Ackerman, Frederick A Heberle, Gerald W Feigenson
The properties of lipid bilayer nanometer-scale domains could be crucial for understanding cell membranes. Fluorescent probes are often used to study bilayers, yet their effects on host lipids are not well understood. We used molecular dynamics simulations to investigate perturbations in a fluid DPPC bilayer upon incorporation of three indocarbocyanine probes: DiI-C18:0, DiI-C18:2, or DiI-C12:0. We find a 10-12% decrease in chain order for DPPC in the solvation shell nearest the probe but smaller effects in subsequent shells, indicating that the probes significantly alter only their local environment...
May 2, 2013: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Jonathan J Amazon, Shih Lin Goh, Gerald W Feigenson
When prepared in the liquid-liquid coexistence region, the four-component lipid system distearoyl-phospha-tidylcholine-dioleoyl-phosphatidylcholine-palmitoyl,oleoyl-phosphatidylcholine-cholesterol (DSPC-DOPC-POPC-Cholesterol), with certain ratios of DOPC and POPC, shows striking modulated phase patterns on the surface of giant unilamellar vesicles (GUVs). In this simulation study, we show that the morphology of these patterns can be explained by the competition of line tension (which tends to favor large round domains) and curvature, as specified by the Helfrich energy functional...
February 2013: Physical Review. E, Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Shih Lin Goh, Jonathan J Amazon, Gerald W Feigenson
The liquid-liquid (Ld + Lo) coexistence region within a distearoyl-phosphatidylcholine/dioleoyl-phosphatidylcholine/palmitoyl-oleoyl-phosphatidylcholine/cholesterol (DSPC/DOPC/POPC/CHOL) mixture displays a nanoscopic-to-macroscopic transition of phase domains as POPC is replaced by DOPC. Previously, we showed that the transition goes through a modulated phase regime during this replacement, in which patterned liquid phase morphologies are observed on giant unilamellar vesicles (GUVs). Here, we describe a more detailed investigation of the modulated phase regime along two different thermodynamic tielines within the Ld + Lo region of this four-component mixture...
February 19, 2013: Biophysical Journal
Frederick A Heberle, Robin S Petruzielo, Jianjun Pan, Paul Drazba, Norbert Kučerka, Robert F Standaert, Gerald W Feigenson, John Katsaras
The observation of lateral phase separation in lipid bilayers has received considerable attention, especially in connection to lipid raft phenomena in cells. It is widely accepted that rafts play a central role in cellular processes, notably signal transduction. While micrometer-sized domains are observed with some model membrane mixtures, rafts much smaller than 100 nm-beyond the reach of optical microscopy-are now thought to exist, both in vitro and in vivo. We have used small-angle neutron scattering, a probe free technique, to measure the size of nanoscopic membrane domains in unilamellar vesicles with unprecedented accuracy...
May 8, 2013: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Robin S Petruzielo, Frederick A Heberle, Paul Drazba, John Katsaras, Gerald W Feigenson
Membrane raft size measurements are crucial to understanding the stability and functionality of rafts in cells. The challenge of accurately measuring raft size is evidenced by the disparate reports of domain sizes, which range from nanometers to microns for the ternary model membrane system sphingomyelin (SM)/1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC)/cholesterol (Chol). Using Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), we established phase diagrams for porcine brain SM (bSM)/dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC)/Chol and bSM/POPC/Chol at 15 and 25°C...
April 2013: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Robert A Dick, Shih Lin Goh, Gerald W Feigenson, Volker M Vogt
Membrane binding of the HIV-1 group-specific antigen (Gag) structural protein, a critical step in viral assembly at the plasma membrane, is mediated by the myristoylated, highly basic matrix (MA) domain, which interacts with negatively charged lipids in the inner leaflet. According to a popular model, virus particles bud from membrane rafts, microdomains enriched in cholesterol and high-melting phospholipids with higher order than found outside rafts. How Gag might recognize membrane rafts, if they exist in the inner leaflet, is unknown...
November 13, 2012: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Frederick A Heberle, Gerald W Feigenson
Cell membranes show complex behavior, in part because of the large number of different components that interact with each other in different ways. One aspect of this complex behavior is lateral organization of components on a range of spatial scales. We found that lipid-only mixtures can model the range of size scales, from approximately 2 nm up to microns. Furthermore, the size of compositional heterogeneities can be controlled entirely by lipid composition for mixtures such as 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DSPC)/1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC)/1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC)/cholesterol or sphingomyelin (SM)/DOPC/POPC/cholesterol...
April 2011: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology
Jian Dai, Mohammad Alwarawrah, Md Rejwan Ali, Gerald W Feigenson, Juyang Huang
Recently, a number of ternary phase diagrams of lipid mixtures have been constructed using various experimental techniques with a common goal of understanding the nature of lipid domains. An accurate experimental phase diagram can provide rich thermodynamic information and can also be used to extract molecular interactions using computer simulation. In this study, the liquid-ordered and liquid-disordered (l(o)-l(d)) phase boundary of DSPC/DOPC/Cholesterol ternary mixtures is simulated in a lattice model using pairwise interactions...
February 24, 2011: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Frederick A Heberle, Jing Wu, Shih Lin Goh, Robin S Petruzielo, Gerald W Feigenson
Phase diagrams of ternary lipid mixtures containing cholesterol have provided valuable insight into cell membrane behaviors, especially by describing regions of coexisting liquid-disordered (Ld) and liquid-ordered (Lo) phases. Fluorescence microscopy imaging of giant unilamellar vesicles has greatly assisted the determination of phase behavior in these systems. However, the requirement for optically resolved Ld + Lo domains can lead to the incorrect inference that in lipid-only mixtures, Ld + Lo domain coexistence generally shows macroscopic domains...
November 17, 2010: Biophysical Journal
Nelson F Morales-Penningston, Jing Wu, Elaine R Farkas, Shih Lin Goh, Tatyana M Konyakhina, Judy Y Zheng, Watt W Webb, Gerald W Feigenson
The components of biological membranes are present in a physical mixture. The nonrandom ways that the molecules of lipids and proteins mix together can strongly influence the association of proteins with each other, and the chemical reactions that occur in the membrane, or that are mediated by the membrane. A particular type of nonrandom mixing is the separation of compositionally distinct phases. Any such phase separation would result in preferential partition of some proteins and lipids between the coexisting phases, and thus would influence which proteins could be in contact, and whether a protein could find its target...
July 2010: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
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