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Solar tracking

Nazmiye Cemre Birben, Ayse Tomruk, Miray Bekbolet
Solar photocatalytic disinfection efficiency of novel visible light activated (VLA) photocatalysts was evaluated with the aim of assessing inactivation of Escherichia coli as the pathogen indicator organism present in drinking water. Influence of humic acid (HA) on the photocatalytic disinfection efficiency of the specified VLA TiO2 specimens i.e., N-doped, Se-doped, and Se-N co-doped TiO2 was also investigated. Photocatalytic disinfection efficiency was assessed by the enumeration of bacteria following selected irradiation periods...
October 6, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Michael Saliba, Taisuke Matsui, Konrad Domanski, Ji-Youn Seo, Amita Ummadisingu, Shaik M Zakeeruddin, Juan-Pablo Correa-Baena, Wolfgang R Tress, Antonio Abate, Anders Hagfeldt, Michael Grätzel
All of the cations currently used in perovskite solar cells abide by the tolerance factor for incorporation into the lattice. We show that the small and oxidation-stable rubidium cation (Rb(+)) can be embedded into a "cation cascade" to create perovskite materials with excellent material properties. We achieved stabilized efficiencies of up to 21.6% (average value, 20.2%) on small areas (and a stabilized 19.0% on a cell 0.5 square centimeters in area) as well as an electroluminescence of 3.8%. The open-circuit voltage of 1...
October 14, 2016: Science
Rui Liu, Zuoliang He, Jiefang Sun, Jingfu Liu, Guibin Jiang
Plasmonic catalysis is an emerging process that utilizes surface plasmon resonance (SPR) process to harnesses solar energy for the promotion of catalyzed reactions. In most cases, SPR generated hot electrons (HEs) play an indispensable role in this solar-chemical energy shift process. Therefore, understanding the effectiveness of the HEs in promoting chemical reactions, and identifying the key factors that contribute to this utilization efficiency is of profound importance. Herein, the authors outline an in situ surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy protocol to track the fate of HEs...
September 27, 2016: Small
D Liang, J Almeida, C R Vistas
A large aspheric fused silica lens was used to couple efficiently the concentrated solar radiation from the focal zone of a 1.5-m-diameter primary concentrator into a 4-mm-diameter, 35-mm-long Nd:YAG single-crystal rod within a conical pump cavity. Continuous-wave laser power of 29.3 W was measured, attaining 25.0  W/m<sup>2</sup> solar laser collection efficiency, corresponding to a 19% increase over the previous record. Its laser beam figure of merit-the ratio between laser power and the product of Mx2, My2 beam quality factors-of 0...
September 20, 2016: Applied Optics
Gregor Hülsen, Julian Gröbner, Saulius Nevas, Peter Sperfeld, Luca Egli, Geiland Porrovecchio, Marek Smid
One major objective of the European Joint Research Project "Traceability for surface spectral solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation" was to reduce the uncertainty of spectral UV measurements. The measurement instrument used for this work was the portable UV European reference spectroradiometer Qasume. The calibration uncertainty of this instrument was decreased and validated by a comparison of direct calibrations against a primary standard for spectral irradiance, a high temperature blackbody radiator, and against a reference detector using a spectrally tunable laser as a monochromatic source...
September 10, 2016: Applied Optics
Robert H Coridan, Zebulon G Schichtl, Tao Sun, Kamel Fezzaa
Semiconductor-liquid junctions are ubiquitous in photoelectrochemical approaches to artificial photosynthesis. By analogy with the antennae and reaction centers in natural photosynthetic complexes, separating the light-absorbing semiconductor and electrocatalysts can improve catalytic efficiency. A catalytic layer can also impair the photovoltage-generating energetics of the electrode without appropriate microscopic organization of catalytically active area on the surface. Here, we have developed a method using high-speed X-ray phase contrast imaging to study in situ electrolytic bubble growth on semiconductor electrodes fabricated with isolated, micron-scale platinum electrocatalysts...
September 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Taisuke Matsui, Ieva Petrikyte, Tadas Malinauskas, Konrad Domanski, Maryte Daskeviciene, Matas Steponaitis, Paul Gratia, Wolfgang Tress, Juan-Pablo Correa-Baena, Antonio Abate, Anders Hagfeldt, Michael Grätzel, Mohammad Khaja Nazeeruddin, Vytautas Getautis, Michael Saliba
Triarylamine-based polymers with different functional groups were synthetized as hole-transport materials (HTMs) for perovskite solar cells (PSCs). The novel materials enabled efficient PSCs without the use of chemical doping (or additives) to enhance charge transport. Devices employing poly(triarylamine) with methylphenylethenyl functional groups (V873) showed a power conversion efficiency of 12.3 %, whereas widely used additive-free poly[bis(4-phenyl)(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)amine] (PTAA) demonstrated 10...
September 22, 2016: ChemSusChem
Sarah J C Simon, Fraser G L Parlane, Wesley B Swords, Cameron W Kellett, Chuan Du, Brian Lam, Rebecca K Dean, Ke Hu, Gerald J Meyer, Curtis P Berlinguette
We report here an enhancement in photovoltage for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) where halogen-bonding interactions exist between a nucleophilic electrolyte species (I(-)) and a photo-oxidized dye immobilized on a TiO2 surface. The triarylamine-based dyes under investigation showed larger rate constants for dye regeneration (kreg) by the nucleophilic electrolyte species when heavier halogen substituents were positioned on the dye. The open-circuit voltages (VOC) tracked these kreg values. This analysis of a homologous series of dyes that differ only in the identity of two halogen substituents provides compelling evidence that the DSSC photovoltage is sensitive to kreg...
August 24, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Jing Zhao, Benjamin A Nail, Michael A Holmes, Frank E Osterloh
Surface photovoltage spectroscopy (SPS) was used to study the photochemistry of mercaptoethanol-ligated CdSe quantum dot (2.0-4.2 nm diameter) films on indium doped tin oxide (ITO) in the absence of an external bias or electrolyte. The n-type films generate negative voltages under super band gap illumination (0.1-0.5 mW cm(-2)) by majority carrier injection into the ITO substrate. The photovoltage onset energies track the optical band gaps of the samples and are assigned as effective band gaps of the films...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Hagop S Atamian, Nicky M Creux, Evan A Brown, Austin G Garner, Benjamin K Blackman, Stacey L Harmer
Young sunflower plants track the Sun from east to west during the day and then reorient during the night to face east in anticipation of dawn. In contrast, mature plants cease movement with their flower heads facing east. We show that circadian regulation of directional growth pathways accounts for both phenomena and leads to increased vegetative biomass and enhanced pollinator visits to flowers. Solar tracking movements are driven by antiphasic patterns of elongation on the east and west sides of the stem...
August 5, 2016: Science
Matthew T Dunstan, Serena A Maugeri, Wen Liu, Matthew G Tucker, Oluwadamilola O Taiwo, Belen Gonzalez, Phoebe K Allan, Michael W Gaultois, Paul R Shearing, David A Keen, Anthony E Phillips, Martin T Dove, Stuart A Scott, John S Dennis, Clare P Grey
Carbon capture and storage (CCS) offers a possible solution to curb the CO2 emissions from stationary sources in the coming decades, considering the delays in shifting energy generation to carbon neutral sources such as wind, solar and biomass. The most mature technology for post-combustion capture uses a liquid sorbent, amine scrubbing. However, with the existing technology, a large amount of heat is required for the regeneration of the liquid sorbent, which introduces a substantial energy penalty. The use of alternative sorbents for CO2 capture, such as the CaO-CaCO3 system, has been investigated extensively in recent years...
October 20, 2016: Faraday Discussions
Joel R Norris, Robert J Allen, Amato T Evan, Mark D Zelinka, Christopher W O'Dell, Stephen A Klein
Clouds substantially affect Earth's energy budget by reflecting solar radiation back to space and by restricting emission of thermal radiation to space. They are perhaps the largest uncertainty in our understanding of climate change, owing to disagreement among climate models and observational datasets over what cloud changes have occurred during recent decades and will occur in response to global warming. This is because observational systems originally designed for monitoring weather have lacked sufficient stability to detect cloud changes reliably over decades unless they have been corrected to remove artefacts...
August 4, 2016: Nature
C E DeForest, T A Howard, D F Webb, J A Davies
A polarizing heliospheric imager is a critical next generation tool for space weather monitoring and prediction. Heliospheric imagers can track coronal mass ejections (CMEs) as they cross the solar system, using sunlight scattered by electrons in the CME. This tracking has been demonstrated to improve the forecasting of impact probability and arrival time for Earth-directed CMEs. Polarized imaging allows locating CMEs in three dimensions from a single vantage point. Recent advances in heliospheric imaging have demonstrated that a polarized imager is feasible with current component technology...
January 2016: Space Weather: the International Journal of Research & Applications
Yajie Wang, Yunbo Shi, Xiaoyu Yu, Yongjie Liu
Currently, tracking in photovoltaic (PV) systems suffers from some problems such as high energy consumption, poor anti-interference performance, and large tracking errors. This paper presents a solar PV tracking system on the basis of an improved perturbation and observation method, which maximizes photoelectric conversion efficiency. According to the projection principle, we design a sensor module with a light-intensity-detection module for environmental light-intensity measurement. The effect of environmental factors on the system operation is reduced, and intelligent identification of the weather is realized...
2016: PloS One
Marco Stefancich, Lin Simpson, Matteo Chiesa
Long-term acquisition of solar panel performance parameters, for panels operated at maximum power point in their real environment, is of critical importance in the photovoltaic research sector. However, few options exist for the characterization of non-standard panels such as concentrated photovoltaic systems, heavily soiled or shaded panels or those operating under non-standard spectral illumination; certainly, it is difficult to find such a measurement system that is flexible and affordable enough to be adopted by the smaller research institutes or universities...
May 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
G Aad, B Abbott, J Abdallah, O Abdinov, R Aben, M Abolins, O S AbouZeid, H Abramowicz, H Abreu, R Abreu, Y Abulaiti, B S Acharya, L Adamczyk, D L Adams, J Adelman, S Adomeit, T Adye, A A Affolder, T Agatonovic-Jovin, J Agricola, J A Aguilar-Saavedra, S P Ahlen, F Ahmadov, G Aielli, H Akerstedt, T P A Åkesson, A V Akimov, G L Alberghi, J Albert, S Albrand, M J Alconada Verzini, M Aleksa, I N Aleksandrov, C Alexa, G Alexander, T Alexopoulos, M Alhroob, G Alimonti, L Alio, J Alison, S P Alkire, B M M Allbrooke, P P Allport, A Aloisio, A Alonso, F Alonso, C Alpigiani, A Altheimer, B Alvarez Gonzalez, D Álvarez Piqueras, M G Alviggi, B T Amadio, K Amako, Y Amaral Coutinho, C Amelung, D Amidei, S P Amor Dos Santos, A Amorim, S Amoroso, N Amram, G Amundsen, C Anastopoulos, L S Ancu, N Andari, T Andeen, C F Anders, G Anders, J K Anders, K J Anderson, A Andreazza, V Andrei, S Angelidakis, I Angelozzi, P Anger, A Angerami, F Anghinolfi, A V Anisenkov, N Anjos, A Annovi, M Antonelli, A Antonov, J Antos, F Anulli, M Aoki, L Aperio Bella, G Arabidze, Y Arai, J P Araque, A T H Arce, F A Arduh, J-F Arguin, S Argyropoulos, M Arik, A J Armbruster, O Arnaez, H Arnold, M Arratia, O Arslan, A Artamonov, G Artoni, S Artz, S Asai, N Asbah, A Ashkenazi, B Åsman, L Asquith, K Assamagan, R Astalos, M Atkinson, N B Atlay, K Augsten, M Aurousseau, G Avolio, B Axen, M K Ayoub, G Azuelos, M A Baak, A E Baas, M J Baca, C Bacci, H Bachacou, K Bachas, M Backes, M Backhaus, P Bagiacchi, P Bagnaia, Y Bai, T Bain, J T Baines, O K Baker, E M Baldin, P Balek, T Balestri, F Balli, W K Balunas, E Banas, Sw Banerjee, A A E Bannoura, L Barak, E L Barberio, D Barberis, M Barbero, T Barillari, M Barisonzi, T Barklow, N Barlow, S L Barnes, B M Barnett, R M Barnett, Z Barnovska, A Baroncelli, G Barone, A J Barr, F Barreiro, J Barreiro Guimarães da Costa, R Bartoldus, A E Barton, P Bartos, A Basalaev, A Bassalat, A Basye, R L Bates, S J Batista, J R Batley, M Battaglia, M Bauce, F Bauer, H S Bawa, J B Beacham, M D Beattie, T Beau, P H Beauchemin, R Beccherle, P Bechtle, H P Beck, K Becker, M Becker, M Beckingham, C Becot, A J Beddall, A Beddall, V A Bednyakov, C P Bee, L J Beemster, T A Beermann, M Begel, J K Behr, C Belanger-Champagne, W H Bell, G Bella, L Bellagamba, A Bellerive, M Bellomo, K Belotskiy, O Beltramello, O Benary, D Benchekroun, M Bender, K Bendtz, N Benekos, Y Benhammou, E Benhar Noccioli, J A Benitez Garcia, D P Benjamin, J R Bensinger, S Bentvelsen, L Beresford, M Beretta, D Berge, E Bergeaas Kuutmann, N Berger, F Berghaus, J Beringer, C Bernard, N R Bernard, C Bernius, F U Bernlochner, T Berry, P Berta, C Bertella, G Bertoli, F Bertolucci, C Bertsche, D Bertsche, M I Besana, G J Besjes, O Bessidskaia Bylund, M Bessner, N Besson, C Betancourt, S Bethke, A J Bevan, W Bhimji, R M Bianchi, L Bianchini, M Bianco, O Biebel, D Biedermann, N V Biesuz, M Biglietti, J Bilbao De Mendizabal, H Bilokon, M Bindi, S Binet, A Bingul, C Bini, S Biondi, D M Bjergaard, C W Black, J E Black, K M Black, D Blackburn, R E Blair, J-B Blanchard, J E Blanco, T Blazek, I Bloch, C Blocker, W Blum, U Blumenschein, S Blunier, G J Bobbink, V S Bobrovnikov, S S Bocchetta, A Bocci, C Bock, M Boehler, J A Bogaerts, D Bogavac, A G Bogdanchikov, C Bohm, V Boisvert, T Bold, V Boldea, A S Boldyrev, M Bomben, M Bona, M Boonekamp, A Borisov, G Borissov, S Borroni, J Bortfeldt, V Bortolotto, K Bos, D Boscherini, M Bosman, J Boudreau, J Bouffard, E V Bouhova-Thacker, D Boumediene, C Bourdarios, N Bousson, S K Boutle, A Boveia, J Boyd, I R Boyko, I Bozic, J Bracinik, A Brandt, G Brandt, O Brandt, U Bratzler, B Brau, J E Brau, H M Braun, W D Breaden Madden, K Brendlinger, A J Brennan, L Brenner, R Brenner, S Bressler, T M Bristow, D Britton, D Britzger, F M Brochu, I Brock, R Brock, J Bronner, G Brooijmans, T Brooks, W K Brooks, J Brosamer, E Brost, P A Bruckman de Renstrom, D Bruncko, R Bruneliere, A Bruni, G Bruni, M Bruschi, N Bruscino, L Bryngemark, T Buanes, Q Buat, P Buchholz, A G Buckley, I A Budagov, F Buehrer, L Bugge, M K Bugge, O Bulekov, D Bullock, H Burckhart, S Burdin, C D Burgard, B Burghgrave, S Burke, I Burmeister, E Busato, D Büscher, V Büscher, P Bussey, J M Butler, A I Butt, C M Buttar, J M Butterworth, P Butti, W Buttinger, A Buzatu, A R Buzykaev, S Cabrera Urbán, D Caforio, V M Cairo, O Cakir, N Calace, P Calafiura, A Calandri, G Calderini, P Calfayan, L P Caloba, D Calvet, S Calvet, R Camacho Toro, S Camarda, P Camarri, D Cameron, R Caminal Armadans, S Campana, M Campanelli, A Campoverde, V Canale, A Canepa, M Cano Bret, J Cantero, R Cantrill, T Cao, M D M Capeans Garrido, I Caprini, M Caprini, M Capua, R Caputo, R M Carbone, R Cardarelli, F Cardillo, T Carli, G Carlino, L Carminati, S Caron, E Carquin, G D Carrillo-Montoya, J R Carter, J Carvalho, D Casadei, M P Casado, M Casolino, D W Casper, E Castaneda-Miranda, A Castelli, V Castillo Gimenez, N F Castro, P Catastini, A Catinaccio, J R Catmore, A Cattai, J Caudron, V Cavaliere, D Cavalli, M Cavalli-Sforza, V Cavasinni, F Ceradini, L Cerda Alberich, B C Cerio, K Cerny, A S Cerqueira, A Cerri, L Cerrito, F Cerutti, M Cerv, A Cervelli, S A Cetin, A Chafaq, D Chakraborty, I Chalupkova, Y L Chan, P Chang, J D Chapman, D G Charlton, C C Chau, C A Chavez Barajas, S Cheatham, A Chegwidden, S Chekanov, S V Chekulaev, G A Chelkov, M A Chelstowska, C Chen, H Chen, K Chen, L Chen, S Chen, S Chen, X Chen, Y Chen, H C Cheng, Y Cheng, A Cheplakov, E Cheremushkina, R Cherkaoui El Moursli, V Chernyatin, E Cheu, L Chevalier, V Chiarella, G Chiarelli, G Chiodini, A S Chisholm, R T Chislett, A Chitan, M V Chizhov, K Choi, S Chouridou, B K B Chow, V Christodoulou, D Chromek-Burckhart, J Chudoba, A J Chuinard, J J Chwastowski, L Chytka, G Ciapetti, A K Ciftci, D Cinca, V Cindro, I A Cioara, A Ciocio, F Cirotto, Z H Citron, M Ciubancan, A Clark, B L Clark, P J Clark, R N Clarke, C Clement, Y Coadou, M Cobal, A Coccaro, J Cochran, L Coffey, L Colasurdo, B Cole, S Cole, A P Colijn, J Collot, T Colombo, G Compostella, P Conde Muiño, E Coniavitis, S H Connell, I A Connelly, V Consorti, S Constantinescu, C Conta, G Conti, F Conventi, M Cooke, B D Cooper, A M Cooper-Sarkar, T Cornelissen, M Corradi, F Corriveau, A Corso-Radu, A Cortes-Gonzalez, G Cortiana, G Costa, M J Costa, D Costanzo, D Côté, G Cottin, G Cowan, B E Cox, K Cranmer, G Cree, S Crépé-Renaudin, F Crescioli, W A Cribbs, M Crispin Ortuzar, M Cristinziani, V Croft, G Crosetti, T Cuhadar Donszelmann, J Cummings, M Curatolo, J Cúth, C Cuthbert, H Czirr, P Czodrowski, S D'Auria, M D'Onofrio, M J Da Cunha Sargedas De Sousa, C Da Via, W Dabrowski, A Dafinca, T Dai, O Dale, F Dallaire, C Dallapiccola, M Dam, J R Dandoy, N P Dang, A C Daniells, M Danninger, M Dano Hoffmann, V Dao, G Darbo, S Darmora, J Dassoulas, A Dattagupta, W Davey, C David, T Davidek, E Davies, M Davies, P Davison, Y Davygora, E Dawe, I Dawson, R K Daya-Ishmukhametova, K De, R de Asmundis, A De Benedetti, S De Castro, S De Cecco, N De Groot, P de Jong, H De la Torre, F De Lorenzi, D De Pedis, A De Salvo, U De Sanctis, A De Santo, J B De Vivie De Regie, W J Dearnaley, R Debbe, C Debenedetti, D V Dedovich, I Deigaard, J Del Peso, T Del Prete, D Delgove, F Deliot, C M Delitzsch, M Deliyergiyev, A Dell'Acqua, L Dell'Asta, M Dell'Orso, M Della Pietra, D Della Volpe, M Delmastro, P A Delsart, C Deluca, D A DeMarco, S Demers, M Demichev, A Demilly, S P Denisov, D Derendarz, J E Derkaoui, F Derue, P Dervan, K Desch, C Deterre, K Dette, P O Deviveiros, A Dewhurst, S Dhaliwal, A Di Ciaccio, L Di Ciaccio, A Di Domenico, C Di Donato, A Di Girolamo, B Di Girolamo, A Di Mattia, B Di Micco, R Di Nardo, A Di Simone, R Di Sipio, D Di Valentino, C Diaconu, M Diamond, F A Dias, M A Diaz, E B Diehl, J Dietrich, S Diglio, A Dimitrievska, J Dingfelder, P Dita, S Dita, F Dittus, F Djama, T Djobava, J I Djuvsland, M A B do Vale, D Dobos, M Dobre, C Doglioni, T Dohmae, J Dolejsi, Z Dolezal, B A Dolgoshein, M Donadelli, S Donati, P Dondero, J Donini, J Dopke, A Doria, M T Dova, A T Doyle, E Drechsler, M Dris, Y Du, E Dubreuil, E Duchovni, G Duckeck, O A Ducu, D Duda, A Dudarev, L Duflot, L Duguid, M Dührssen, M Dunford, H Duran Yildiz, M Düren, A Durglishvili, D Duschinger, B Dutta, M Dyndal, C Eckardt, K M Ecker, R C Edgar, W Edson, N C Edwards, W Ehrenfeld, T Eifert, G Eigen, K Einsweiler, T Ekelof, M El Kacimi, M Ellert, S Elles, F Ellinghaus, A A Elliot, N Ellis, J Elmsheuser, M Elsing, D Emeliyanov, Y Enari, O C Endner, M Endo, J Erdmann, A Ereditato, G Ernis, J Ernst, M Ernst, S Errede, E Ertel, M Escalier, H Esch, C Escobar, B Esposito, A I Etienvre, E Etzion, H Evans, A Ezhilov, L Fabbri, G Facini, R M Fakhrutdinov, S Falciano, R J Falla, J Faltova, Y Fang, M Fanti, A Farbin, A Farilla, T Farooque, S Farrell, S M Farrington, P Farthouat, F Fassi, P Fassnacht, D Fassouliotis, M Faucci Giannelli, A Favareto, L Fayard, O L Fedin, W Fedorko, S Feigl, L Feligioni, C Feng, E J Feng, H Feng, A B Fenyuk, L Feremenga, P Fernandez Martinez, S Fernandez Perez, J Ferrando, A Ferrari, P Ferrari, R Ferrari, D E Ferreira de Lima, A Ferrer, D Ferrere, C Ferretti, A Ferretto Parodi, M Fiascaris, F Fiedler, A Filipčič, M Filipuzzi, F Filthaut, M Fincke-Keeler, K D Finelli, M C N Fiolhais, L Fiorini, A Firan, A Fischer, C Fischer, J Fischer, W C Fisher, N Flaschel, I Fleck, P Fleischmann, G T Fletcher, G Fletcher, R R M Fletcher, T Flick, A Floderus, L R Flores Castillo, M J Flowerdew, G T Forcolin, A Formica, A Forti, D Fournier, H Fox, S Fracchia, P Francavilla, M Franchini, D Francis, L Franconi, M Franklin, M Frate, M Fraternali, D Freeborn, S T French, S M Fressard-Batraneanu, F Friedrich, D Froidevaux, J A Frost, C Fukunaga, E Fullana Torregrosa, B G Fulsom, T Fusayasu, J Fuster, C Gabaldon, O Gabizon, A Gabrielli, A Gabrielli, G P Gach, S Gadatsch, S Gadomski, G Gagliardi, P Gagnon, C Galea, B Galhardo, E J Gallas, B J Gallop, P Gallus, G Galster, K K Gan, J Gao, Y Gao, Y S Gao, F M Garay Walls, F Garberson, C García, J E García Navarro, M Garcia-Sciveres, R W Gardner, N Garelli, V Garonne, C Gatti, A Gaudiello, G Gaudio, B Gaur, L Gauthier, P Gauzzi, I L Gavrilenko, C Gay, G Gaycken, E N Gazis, P Ge, Z Gecse, C N P Gee, Ch Geich-Gimbel, M P Geisler, C Gemme, M H Genest, C Geng, S Gentile, S George, D Gerbaudo, A Gershon, S Ghasemi, H Ghazlane, B Giacobbe, S Giagu, V Giangiobbe, P Giannetti, B Gibbard, S M Gibson, M Gignac, M Gilchriese, T P S Gillam, D Gillberg, G Gilles, D M Gingrich, N Giokaris, M P Giordani, F M Giorgi, F M Giorgi, P F Giraud, P Giromini, D Giugni, C Giuliani, M Giulini, B K Gjelsten, S Gkaitatzis, I Gkialas, E L Gkougkousis, L K Gladilin, C Glasman, J Glatzer, P C F Glaysher, A Glazov, M Goblirsch-Kolb, J R Goddard, J Godlewski, S Goldfarb, T Golling, D Golubkov, A Gomes, R Gonçalo, J Goncalves Pinto Firmino Da Costa, L Gonella, S González de la Hoz, G Gonzalez Parra, S Gonzalez-Sevilla, L Goossens, P A Gorbounov, H A Gordon, I Gorelov, B Gorini, E Gorini, A Gorišek, E Gornicki, A T Goshaw, C Gössling, M I Gostkin, D Goujdami, A G Goussiou, N Govender, E Gozani, L Graber, I Grabowska-Bold, P O J Gradin, P Grafström, J Gramling, E Gramstad, S Grancagnolo, V Gratchev, H M Gray, E Graziani, Z D Greenwood, C Grefe, K Gregersen, I M Gregor, P Grenier, J Griffiths, A A Grillo, K Grimm, S Grinstein, Ph Gris, J-F Grivaz, S Groh, J P Grohs, A Grohsjean, E Gross, J Grosse-Knetter, G C Grossi, Z J Grout, L Guan, J Guenther, F Guescini, D Guest, O Gueta, E Guido, T Guillemin, S Guindon, U Gul, C Gumpert, J Guo, Y Guo, S Gupta, G Gustavino, P Gutierrez, N G Gutierrez Ortiz, C Gutschow, C Guyot, C Gwenlan, C B Gwilliam, A Haas, C Haber, H K Hadavand, N Haddad, P Haefner, S Hageböck, Z Hajduk, H Hakobyan, M Haleem, J Haley, D Hall, G Halladjian, G D Hallewell, K Hamacher, P Hamal, K Hamano, A Hamilton, G N Hamity, P G Hamnett, L Han, K Hanagaki, K Hanawa, M Hance, B Haney, P Hanke, R Hanna, J B Hansen, J D Hansen, M C Hansen, P H Hansen, K Hara, A S Hard, T Harenberg, F Hariri, S Harkusha, R D Harrington, P F Harrison, F Hartjes, M Hasegawa, Y Hasegawa, A Hasib, S Hassani, S Haug, R Hauser, L Hauswald, M Havranek, C M Hawkes, R J Hawkings, A D Hawkins, T Hayashi, D Hayden, C P Hays, J M Hays, H S Hayward, S J Haywood, S J Head, T Heck, V Hedberg, L Heelan, S Heim, T Heim, B Heinemann, L Heinrich, J Hejbal, L Helary, S Hellman, C Helsens, J Henderson, R C W Henderson, Y Heng, C Hengler, S Henkelmann, A Henrichs, A M Henriques Correia, S Henrot-Versille, G H Herbert, Y Hernández Jiménez, G Herten, R Hertenberger, L Hervas, G G Hesketh, N P Hessey, J W Hetherly, R Hickling, E Higón-Rodriguez, E Hill, J C Hill, K H Hiller, S J Hillier, I Hinchliffe, E Hines, R R Hinman, M Hirose, D Hirschbuehl, J Hobbs, N Hod, M C Hodgkinson, P Hodgson, A Hoecker, M R Hoeferkamp, F Hoenig, M Hohlfeld, D Hohn, T R Holmes, M Homann, T M Hong, B H Hooberman, W H Hopkins, Y Horii, A J Horton, J-Y Hostachy, S Hou, A Hoummada, J Howard, J Howarth, M Hrabovsky, I Hristova, J 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Touchard, D R Tovey, T Trefzger, L Tremblet, A Tricoli, I M Trigger, S Trincaz-Duvoid, M F Tripiana, W Trischuk, B Trocmé, C Troncon, M Trottier-McDonald, M Trovatelli, L Truong, M Trzebinski, A Trzupek, C Tsarouchas, J C-L Tseng, P V Tsiareshka, D Tsionou, G Tsipolitis, N Tsirintanis, S Tsiskaridze, V Tsiskaridze, E G Tskhadadze, K M Tsui, I I Tsukerman, V Tsulaia, S Tsuno, D Tsybychev, A Tudorache, V Tudorache, A N Tuna, S A Tupputi, S Turchikhin, D Turecek, R Turra, A J Turvey, P M Tuts, A Tykhonov, M Tylmad, M Tyndel, I Ueda, R Ueno, M Ughetto, F Ukegawa, G Unal, A Undrus, G Unel, F C Ungaro, Y Unno, C Unverdorben, J Urban, P Urquijo, P Urrejola, G Usai, A Usanova, L Vacavant, V Vacek, B Vachon, C Valderanis, N Valencic, S Valentinetti, A Valero, L Valery, S Valkar, S Vallecorsa, J A Valls Ferrer, W Van Den Wollenberg, P C Van Der Deijl, R van der Geer, H van der Graaf, N van Eldik, P van Gemmeren, J Van Nieuwkoop, I van Vulpen, M C van Woerden, M Vanadia, W Vandelli, R Vanguri, A 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Washbrook, C Wasicki, P M Watkins, A T Watson, I J Watson, M F Watson, G Watts, S Watts, B M Waugh, S Webb, M S Weber, S W Weber, J S Webster, A R Weidberg, B Weinert, J Weingarten, C Weiser, H Weits, P S Wells, T Wenaus, T Wengler, S Wenig, N Wermes, M Werner, P Werner, M Wessels, J Wetter, K Whalen, A M Wharton, A White, M J White, R White, S White, D Whiteson, F J Wickens, W Wiedenmann, M Wielers, P Wienemann, C Wiglesworth, L A M Wiik-Fuchs, A Wildauer, H G Wilkens, H H Williams, S Williams, C Willis, S Willocq, A Wilson, J A Wilson, I Wingerter-Seez, F Winklmeier, B T Winter, M Wittgen, J Wittkowski, S J Wollstadt, M W Wolter, H Wolters, B K Wosiek, J Wotschack, M J Woudstra, K W Wozniak, M Wu, M Wu, S L Wu, X Wu, Y Wu, T R Wyatt, B M Wynne, S Xella, D Xu, L Xu, B Yabsley, S Yacoob, R Yakabe, M Yamada, D Yamaguchi, Y Yamaguchi, A Yamamoto, S Yamamoto, T Yamanaka, K Yamauchi, Y Yamazaki, Z Yan, H Yang, H Yang, Y Yang, W-M Yao, Y C Yap, Y Yasu, E Yatsenko, K H Yau Wong, J Ye, S Ye, I Yeletskikh, A L Yen, E Yildirim, K Yorita, R Yoshida, K Yoshihara, C Young, C J S Young, S Youssef, D R Yu, J Yu, J M Yu, J Yu, L Yuan, S P Y Yuen, A Yurkewicz, I Yusuff, B Zabinski, R Zaidan, A M Zaitsev, J Zalieckas, A Zaman, S Zambito, L Zanello, D Zanzi, C Zeitnitz, M Zeman, A Zemla, J C Zeng, Q Zeng, K Zengel, O Zenin, T Ženiš, D Zerwas, D Zhang, F Zhang, G Zhang, H Zhang, J Zhang, L Zhang, R Zhang, X Zhang, Z Zhang, X Zhao, Y Zhao, Z Zhao, A Zhemchugov, J Zhong, B Zhou, C Zhou, L Zhou, L Zhou, M Zhou, N Zhou, C G Zhu, H Zhu, J Zhu, Y Zhu, X Zhuang, K Zhukov, A Zibell, D Zieminska, N I Zimine, C Zimmermann, S Zimmermann, Z Zinonos, M Zinser, M Ziolkowski, L Živković, G Zobernig, A Zoccoli, M Zur Nedden, G Zurzolo, L Zwalinski
ATLAS has measured two-particle correlations as a function of the relative azimuthal angle, Δϕ, and pseudorapidity, Δη, in sqrt[s]=13 and 2.76 TeV pp collisions at the LHC using charged particles measured in the pseudorapidity interval |η|<2.5. The correlation functions evaluated in different intervals of measured charged-particle multiplicity show a multiplicity-dependent enhancement at Δϕ∼0 that extends over a wide range of Δη, which has been referred to as the "ridge." Per-trigger-particle yields, Y(Δϕ), are measured over 2<|Δη|<5...
April 29, 2016: Physical Review Letters
Adam Jaffe, Yu Lin, Christine M Beavers, Johannes Voss, Wendy L Mao, Hemamala I Karunadasa
We report the first high-pressure single-crystal structures of hybrid perovskites. The crystalline semiconductors (MA)PbX3 (MA = CH3NH3 (+), X = Br(-) or I(-)) afford us the rare opportunity of understanding how compression modulates their structures and thereby their optoelectronic properties. Using atomic coordinates obtained from high-pressure single-crystal X-ray diffraction we track the perovskites' precise structural evolution upon compression. These structural changes correlate well with pressure-dependent single-crystal photoluminescence (PL) spectra and high-pressure bandgaps derived from density functional theory...
April 27, 2016: ACS Central Science
Xiaofei Wang, Camille M Sultana, Jonathan Trueblood, Thomas C J Hill, Francesca Malfatti, Christopher Lee, Olga Laskina, Kathryn A Moore, Charlotte M Beall, Christina S McCluskey, Gavin C Cornwell, Yanyan Zhou, Joshua L Cox, Matthew A Pendergraft, Mitchell V Santander, Timothy H Bertram, Christopher D Cappa, Farooq Azam, Paul J DeMott, Vicki H Grassian, Kimberly A Prather
With the oceans covering 71% of the Earth, sea spray aerosol (SSA) particles profoundly impact climate through their ability to scatter solar radiation and serve as seeds for cloud formation. The climate properties can change when sea salt particles become mixed with insoluble organic material formed in ocean regions with phytoplankton blooms. Currently, the extent to which SSA chemical composition and climate properties are altered by biological processes in the ocean is uncertain. To better understand the factors controlling SSA composition, we carried out a mesocosm study in an isolated ocean-atmosphere facility containing 3,400 gallons of natural seawater...
June 24, 2015: ACS Central Science
Xueqiang Zhang, Sylwia Ptasinska
We employed ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy to investigate the electronic and chemical properties of the H2O/GaN(0001) interface under elevated pressures and/or temperatures. A pristine GaN(0001) surface exhibited upward band bending, which was partially flattened when exposed to H2O at room temperature. However, the GaN surface work function was slightly reduced due to the adsorption of molecular H2O and its dissociation products. At elevated temperatures, a negative charge generated on the surface by a vigorous H2O/GaN interfacial chemistry induced an increase in both the surface work function and upward band bending...
2016: Scientific Reports
Chunhong Nie, Nan Shao, Baohui Wang, Dandan Yuan, Xin Sui, Hongjun Wu
The STEP (Solar Thermal Electrochemical Process) for Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs, combined to STEP-AOPs), fully driven by solar energy without the input of any other forms of energy and chemicals, is introduced and demonstrated from the theory to experiments. Exemplified by the persistent organic pollutant 2-nitrophenol in water, the fundamental model and practical system are exhibited for the STEP-AOPs to efficiently transform 2-nitrophenol into carbon dioxide, water, and the other substances. The results show that the STEP-AOPs system performs more effectively than classical AOPs in terms of the thermodynamics and kinetics of pollutant oxidation...
July 2016: Chemosphere
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