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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629111/tracking-the-picosecond-deactivation-dynamics-of-a-photoexcited-iron-carbene-complex-by-time-resolved-x-ray-scattering
#1
Denis Leshchev, Tobias C B Harlang, Lisa A Fredin, Dmitry Khakhulin, Yizhu Liu, Elisa Biasin, Mads G Laursen, Gemma E Newby, Kristoffer Haldrup, Martin M Nielsen, Kenneth Wärnmark, Villy Sundström, Petter Persson, Kasper S Kjær, Michael Wulff
Recent years have seen the development of new iron-centered N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) complexes for solar energy applications. Compared to typical ligand systems, the NHC ligands provide Fe complexes with longer-lived metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) states. This increased lifetime is ascribed to strong ligand field splitting provided by the NHC ligands that raises the energy levels of the metal centered (MC) states and therefore reduces the deactivation efficiency of MLCT states. Among currently known NHC systems, [Fe(btbip)2 ]2+ (btbip = 2,6-bis(3- tert -butyl-imidazol-1-ylidene)pyridine) is a unique complex as it exhibits a short-lived MC state with a lifetime on the scale of a few hundreds of picoseconds...
January 14, 2018: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534317/tackling-energy-loss-for-high-efficiency-organic-solar-cells-with-integrated-multiple-strategies
#2
Lijian Zuo, Xueliang Shi, Sae Byeok Jo, Yun Liu, Fracis Lin, Alex K-Y Jen
Limited by the various inherent energy losses from multiple channels, organic solar cells show inferior device performance compared to traditional inorganic photovoltaic techniques, such as silicon and CuInGaSe. To alleviate these fundamental limitations, an integrated multiple strategy is implemented including molecular design, interfacial engineering, optical manipulation, and tandem device construction into one cell. Considering the close correlation among these loss channels, a sophisticated quantification of energy-loss reduction is tracked along with each strategy in a perspective to reach rational overall optimum...
March 13, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533970/wearable-smart-system-for-visually-impaired-people
#3
Ali Jasim Ramadhan
In this paper, we present a wearable smart system to help visually impaired persons (VIPs) walk by themselves through the streets, navigate in public places, and seek assistance. The main components of the system are a microcontroller board, various sensors, cellular communication and GPS modules, and a solar panel. The system employs a set of sensors to track the path and alert the user of obstacles in front of them. The user is alerted by a sound emitted through a buzzer and by vibrations on the wrist, which is helpful when the user has hearing loss or is in a noisy environment...
March 13, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522016/first-decadal-lunar-results-from-the-moon-and-earth-radiation-budget-experiment
#4
Grant Matthews
A need to gain more confidence in computer model predictions of coming climate change has resulted in greater analysis of the quality of orbital Earth radiation budget (ERB) measurements being used today to constrain, validate, and hence improve such simulations. These studies conclude from time series analysis that for around a quarter of a century, no existing satellite ERB climate data record is of a sufficient standard to partition changes to the Earth from those of un-tracked and changing artificial instrumentation effects...
March 1, 2018: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481056/-6-6-phenyl-c61-butyric-acid-methyl-ester-cerium-oxide-bilayer-structure-as-efficient-and-stable-electron-transport-layer-for-inverted-perovskite-solar-cells
#5
Rui Fang, Shaohang Wu, Weitao Chen, Zonghao Liu, Shasha Zhang, Rui Chen, Youfeng Yue, Lin-Long Deng, Yibing Cheng, Liyuan Han, Wei Chen
Stability issues and high material cost constitute the biggest obstacles of perovskite solar cell (PVSC), hampering its sustainable development. Herein, we demonstrate that, after suitable surface modification, the low-cost cerium oxide (CeOx) nanocrystals can be well dispersed in both polar and non-polar solvents and easily processed into high quality electron transport layers (ETLs). The inverted PVSC with the configuration of "NiMgLiO/MAPbI3/[6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM)/CeOx" has achieved a high efficiency up to 18...
February 26, 2018: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412081/artificial-heliotropism-and-nyctinasty-based-on-optomechanical-feedback-and-no-electronics
#6
Bilge Baytekin, S Doruk Cezan, H Tarık Baytekin, Bartosz A Grzybowski
Although plants are typically not considered an inspiration for designing motile robots, they do perform a variety of intricate motion patterns, including diurnal cycles of sun tracking (heliotropism) and leaf opening (nyctinasty). In real plants, these motions are controlled by complex, feedback-based biological mechanisms that, to date, have been mimicked only in computer-controlled artificial systems. This work demonstrates both heliotropism and nyctinasty in a system in which few simple, but strategically positioned thermo-responsive springs and lenses form a feedback loop controlling these motions and substantiating a behavioral analogy to "plants...
February 2018: Soft Robotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358608/potentially-dangerous-consequences-for-biodiversity-of-solar-geoengineering-implementation-and-termination
#7
Christopher H Trisos, Giuseppe Amatulli, Jessica Gurevitch, Alan Robock, Lili Xia, Brian Zambri
Solar geoengineering is receiving increased policy attention as a potential tool to offset climate warming. While climate responses to geoengineering have been studied in detail, the potential biodiversity consequences are largely unknown. To avoid extinction, species must either adapt or move to track shifting climates. Here, we assess the effects of the rapid implementation, continuation and sudden termination of geoengineering on climate velocities-the speeds and directions that species would need to move to track changes in climate...
March 2018: Nature Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348491/order-enables-efficient-electron-hole-separation-at-an-organic-heterojunction-with-a-small-energy-loss
#8
S Matthew Menke, Alexandre Cheminal, Patrick Conaghan, Niva A Ran, Neil C Greehnam, Guillermo C Bazan, Thuc-Quyen Nguyen, Akshay Rao, Richard H Friend
Donor-acceptor organic solar cells often show low open-circuit voltages (V OC ) relative to their optical energy gap (E g ) that limit power conversion efficiencies to ~12%. This energy loss is partly attributed to the offset between E g and that of intermolecular charge transfer (CT) states at the donor-acceptor interface. Here we study charge generation occurring in PIPCP:PC61 BM, a system with a very low driving energy for initial charge separation (E g -E CT  ~ 50 meV) and a high internal quantum efficiency (η IQE  ~ 80%)...
January 18, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315607/the-solar-ultraviolet-environment-at-the-ocean
#9
Curtis D Mobley, Brian L Diffey
Atmospheric and oceanic radiative transfer models were used to compute spectral radiances between 285 and 400 nm onto horizontal and vertical plane surfaces over water. The calculations kept track of the contributions by the sun's direct beam, by diffuse-sky radiance, by radiance reflected from the sea surface and by water-leaving radiance. Clear, hazy and cloudy sky conditions were simulated for a range of solar zenith angles, wind speeds and atmospheric ozone concentrations. The radiances were used to estimate erythemal exposures due to the sun and sky, as well as from radiation reflected by the sea surface and backscattered from the water column...
January 8, 2018: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161270/tracking-urban-human-activity-from-mobile-phone-calling-patterns
#10
Daniel Monsivais, Asim Ghosh, Kunal Bhattacharya, Robin I M Dunbar, Kimmo Kaski
Timings of human activities are marked by circadian clocks which in turn are entrained to different environmental signals. In an urban environment the presence of artificial lighting and various social cues tend to disrupt the natural entrainment with the sunlight. However, it is not completely understood to what extent this is the case. Here we exploit the large-scale data analysis techniques to study the mobile phone calling activity of people in large cities to infer the dynamics of urban daily rhythms. From the calling patterns of about 1,000,000 users spread over different cities but lying inside the same time-zone, we show that the onset and termination of the calling activity synchronizes with the east-west progression of the sun...
November 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148715/ultrafast-long-range-charge-separation-in-nonfullerene-organic-solar-cells
#11
Yasunari Tamai, Yeli Fan, Vincent O Kim, Kostiantyn Ziabrev, Akshay Rao, Stephen Barlow, Seth R Marder, Richard H Friend, S Matthew Menke
Rapid, long-range charge separation in polymer-fullerene organic solar cells (OSCs) enables electrons and holes to move beyond their Coulomb capture radius and overcome geminate recombination. Understanding the nature of charge generation and recombination mechanisms in efficient, nonfullerene-acceptor-based OSCs are critical to further improve device performance. Here we report charge dynamics in an OSC using a perylene diimide (PDI) dimer acceptor. We use transient absorption spectroscopy to track the time evolution of electroabsorption caused by the dipolar electric field generated between electron-hole pairs as they separate after ionization at the donor-acceptor interface...
December 26, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126636/sustainability-of-agro-livestock-integration-implications-and-results-of-emergy-evaluation
#12
Nicoletta Patrizi, Valentina Niccolucci, Cesare Castellini, Federico M Pulselli, Simone Bastianoni
This study aims to assess the sustainability of an agroforestry system: i.e. a system obtained by the union of two productions to get at least two by-products from the same productive space. In particular, this case study presents the integration of a goose raising system with an organic grape production, from an environmental point of view. This integration is mainly designed to have two simultaneous co-products (grape and goose meat) with: i) a less intensive use of machineries for weeding and ii) avoiding use of chemical fertilizers and weeding...
November 7, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097731/temporal-consistency-between-gross-primary-production-and-solar-induced-chlorophyll-fluorescence-in-the-ten-most-populous-megacity-areas-over-years
#13
Yaoping Cui, Xiangming Xiao, Yao Zhang, Jinwei Dong, Yuanwei Qin, Russell B Doughty, Geli Zhang, Jie Wang, Xiaocui Wu, Yaochen Qin, Shenghui Zhou, Joanna Joiner, Berrien Moore
The gross primary production (GPP) of vegetation in urban areas plays an important role in the study of urban ecology. It is difficult however, to accurately estimate GPP in urban areas, mostly due to the complexity of impervious land surfaces, buildings, vegetation, and management. Recently, we used the Vegetation Photosynthesis Model (VPM), climate data, and satellite images to estimate the GPP of terrestrial ecosystems including urban areas. Here, we report VPM-based GPP (GPPvpm) estimates for the world's ten most populous megacities during 2000-2014...
November 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081711/performance-of-the-atlas-track-reconstruction-algorithms-in-dense-environments-in-lhc-run-2
#14
M Aaboud, G Aad, B Abbott, J Abdallah, O Abdinov, B Abeloos, S H Abidi, O S AbouZeid, N L Abraham, H Abramowicz, H Abreu, R Abreu, Y Abulaiti, B S Acharya, S Adachi, L Adamczyk, J Adelman, M Adersberger, T Adye, A A Affolder, T Agatonovic-Jovin, C Agheorghiesei, J A Aguilar-Saavedra, S P Ahlen, F Ahmadov, G Aielli, S Akatsuka, H Akerstedt, T P A Åkesson, A V Akimov, G L Alberghi, J Albert, P Albicocco, M J Alconada Verzini, M Aleksa, I N Aleksandrov, C Alexa, G Alexander, T Alexopoulos, M Alhroob, B Ali, M Aliev, G Alimonti, J Alison, S P Alkire, B M M Allbrooke, B W Allen, P P Allport, A Aloisio, A Alonso, F Alonso, C Alpigiani, A A Alshehri, M Alstaty, B Alvarez Gonzalez, D Álvarez Piqueras, M G Alviggi, B T Amadio, Y Amaral Coutinho, C Amelung, D Amidei, S P Amor Dos Santos, A Amorim, S Amoroso, G Amundsen, C Anastopoulos, L S Ancu, N Andari, T Andeen, C F Anders, J K Anders, K J Anderson, A Andreazza, V Andrei, S Angelidakis, I Angelozzi, A Angerami, A V Anisenkov, N Anjos, A Annovi, C Antel, M Antonelli, A Antonov, D J Antrim, F Anulli, M Aoki, L Aperio Bella, G Arabidze, Y Arai, J P Araque, V Araujo Ferraz, A T H Arce, R E Ardell, F A Arduh, J-F Arguin, S Argyropoulos, M Arik, A J Armbruster, L J Armitage, O Arnaez, H Arnold, M Arratia, O Arslan, A Artamonov, G Artoni, S Artz, S Asai, N Asbah, A Ashkenazi, L Asquith, K Assamagan, R Astalos, M Atkinson, N B Atlay, K Augsten, G Avolio, B Axen, M K Ayoub, G Azuelos, A E Baas, M J Baca, H Bachacou, K Bachas, M Backes, M Backhaus, P Bagnaia, H Bahrasemani, J T Baines, M Bajic, O K Baker, E M Baldin, P Balek, F Balli, W K Balunas, E Banas, Sw Banerjee, A A E Bannoura, L Barak, E L Barberio, D Barberis, M Barbero, T Barillari, M-S Barisits, T Barklow, N Barlow, S L Barnes, B M Barnett, R M Barnett, Z Barnovska-Blenessy, A Baroncelli, G Barone, A J Barr, L Barranco Navarro, F Barreiro, J Barreiro Guimarães da Costa, R Bartoldus, A E Barton, P Bartos, A Basalaev, A Bassalat, R L Bates, S J Batista, J R Batley, M Battaglia, M Bauce, F Bauer, H S Bawa, J B Beacham, M D Beattie, T Beau, P H Beauchemin, P Bechtle, H P Beck, K Becker, M Becker, M Beckingham, C Becot, A J Beddall, A Beddall, V A Bednyakov, M Bedognetti, C P Bee, T A Beermann, M Begalli, M Begel, J K Behr, A S Bell, G Bella, L Bellagamba, A Bellerive, M Bellomo, K Belotskiy, O Beltramello, N L Belyaev, O Benary, D Benchekroun, M Bender, K Bendtz, N Benekos, Y Benhammou, E Benhar Noccioli, J Benitez, D P Benjamin, M Benoit, J R Bensinger, S Bentvelsen, L Beresford, M Beretta, D Berge, E Bergeaas Kuutmann, N Berger, J Beringer, S Berlendis, N R Bernard, G Bernardi, C Bernius, F U Bernlochner, T Berry, P Berta, C Bertella, G Bertoli, F Bertolucci, I A Bertram, C Bertsche, D Bertsche, G J Besjes, O Bessidskaia Bylund, M Bessner, N Besson, C Betancourt, A Bethani, S Bethke, A J Bevan, J Beyer, R M Bianchi, O Biebel, D Biedermann, R Bielski, N V Biesuz, M Biglietti, T R V Billoud, H Bilokon, M Bindi, A Bingul, C Bini, S Biondi, T Bisanz, C Bittrich, D M Bjergaard, C W Black, J E Black, K M Black, R E Blair, T Blazek, I Bloch, C Blocker, A Blue, W Blum, U Blumenschein, S Blunier, G J Bobbink, V S Bobrovnikov, S S Bocchetta, A Bocci, C Bock, M Boehler, D Boerner, D Bogavac, A G Bogdanchikov, C Bohm, V Boisvert, P Bokan, T Bold, A S Boldyrev, A E Bolz, M Bomben, M Bona, M Boonekamp, A Borisov, G Borissov, J Bortfeldt, D Bortoletto, V Bortolotto, D Boscherini, M Bosman, J D Bossio Sola, J Boudreau, J Bouffard, E V Bouhova-Thacker, D Boumediene, C Bourdarios, S K Boutle, A Boveia, J Boyd, I R Boyko, J Bracinik, A Brandt, G Brandt, O Brandt, U Bratzler, B Brau, J E Brau, W D Breaden Madden, K Brendlinger, A J Brennan, L Brenner, R Brenner, S Bressler, D L Briglin, T M Bristow, D Britton, D Britzger, F M Brochu, I Brock, R Brock, G Brooijmans, T Brooks, W K Brooks, J Brosamer, E Brost, J H Broughton, P A Bruckman de Renstrom, D Bruncko, A Bruni, G Bruni, L S Bruni, B H Brunt, M Bruschi, N Bruscino, P Bryant, L Bryngemark, T Buanes, Q Buat, P Buchholz, A G Buckley, I A Budagov, F Buehrer, M K Bugge, O Bulekov, D Bullock, T J Burch, H Burckhart, S Burdin, C D Burgard, A M Burger, B Burghgrave, K Burka, S Burke, I Burmeister, J T P Burr, E Busato, D Büscher, V Büscher, P Bussey, J M Butler, C M Buttar, J M Butterworth, P Butti, W Buttinger, A Buzatu, A R Buzykaev, S Cabrera Urbán, D Caforio, V M Cairo, O Cakir, N Calace, P Calafiura, A Calandri, G Calderini, P Calfayan, G Callea, L P Caloba, S Calvente Lopez, D Calvet, S Calvet, T P Calvet, R Camacho Toro, S Camarda, P Camarri, D Cameron, R Caminal Armadans, C Camincher, S Campana, M Campanelli, A Camplani, A Campoverde, V Canale, M Cano Bret, J Cantero, T Cao, M D M Capeans Garrido, I Caprini, M Caprini, M Capua, R M Carbone, R Cardarelli, F Cardillo, I Carli, T Carli, G Carlino, B T Carlson, L Carminati, R M D Carney, S Caron, E Carquin, S Carrá, G D Carrillo-Montoya, J Carvalho, D Casadei, M P Casado, M Casolino, D W Casper, R Castelijn, V Castillo Gimenez, N F Castro, A Catinaccio, J R Catmore, A Cattai, J Caudron, V Cavaliere, E Cavallaro, D Cavalli, M Cavalli-Sforza, V Cavasinni, E Celebi, F Ceradini, L Cerda Alberich, A S Cerqueira, A Cerri, L Cerrito, F Cerutti, A Cervelli, S A Cetin, A Chafaq, D Chakraborty, S K Chan, W S Chan, Y L Chan, P Chang, J D Chapman, D G Charlton, C C Chau, C A Chavez Barajas, S Che, S Cheatham, A Chegwidden, S Chekanov, S V Chekulaev, G A Chelkov, M A Chelstowska, C Chen, H Chen, S Chen, S Chen, X Chen, Y Chen, H C Cheng, H J Cheng, A Cheplakov, E Cheremushkina, R Cherkaoui El Moursli, V Chernyatin, E Cheu, L Chevalier, V Chiarella, G Chiarelli, G Chiodini, A S Chisholm, A Chitan, Y H Chiu, M V Chizhov, K Choi, A R Chomont, S Chouridou, V Christodoulou, D Chromek-Burckhart, M C Chu, J Chudoba, A J Chuinard, J J Chwastowski, L Chytka, A K Ciftci, D Cinca, V Cindro, I A Cioara, C Ciocca, A Ciocio, F Cirotto, Z H Citron, M Citterio, M Ciubancan, A Clark, B L Clark, M R Clark, P J Clark, R N Clarke, C Clement, Y Coadou, M Cobal, A Coccaro, J Cochran, L Colasurdo, B Cole, A P Colijn, J Collot, T Colombo, P Conde Muiño, E Coniavitis, S H Connell, I A Connelly, S Constantinescu, G Conti, F Conventi, M Cooke, A M Cooper-Sarkar, F Cormier, K J R Cormier, M Corradi, F Corriveau, A Cortes-Gonzalez, G Cortiana, G Costa, M J Costa, D Costanzo, G Cottin, G Cowan, B E Cox, K Cranmer, S J Crawley, R A Creager, G Cree, S Crépé-Renaudin, F Crescioli, W A Cribbs, M Cristinziani, V Croft, G Crosetti, A Cueto, T Cuhadar Donszelmann, A R Cukierman, J Cummings, M Curatolo, J Cúth, H Czirr, P Czodrowski, G D'amen, S D'Auria, L D'eramo, M D'Onofrio, M J Da Cunha Sargedas De Sousa, C Da Via, W Dabrowski, T Dado, T Dai, O Dale, F Dallaire, C Dallapiccola, M Dam, J R Dandoy, M F Daneri, N P Dang, A C Daniells, N S Dann, M Danninger, M Dano Hoffmann, V Dao, G Darbo, S Darmora, J Dassoulas, A Dattagupta, T Daubney, W Davey, C David, T Davidek, M Davies, D R Davis, P Davison, E Dawe, I Dawson, K De, R de Asmundis, A De Benedetti, S De Castro, S De Cecco, N De Groot, P de Jong, H De la Torre, F De Lorenzi, A De Maria, D De Pedis, A De Salvo, U De Sanctis, A De Santo, K De Vasconcelos Corga, J B De Vivie De Regie, W J Dearnaley, R Debbe, C Debenedetti, D V Dedovich, N Dehghanian, I Deigaard, M Del Gaudio, J Del Peso, T Del Prete, D Delgove, F Deliot, C M Delitzsch, A Dell'Acqua, L Dell'Asta, M Dell'Orso, M Della Pietra, D Della Volpe, M Delmastro, C Delporte, P A Delsart, D A DeMarco, S Demers, M Demichev, A Demilly, S P Denisov, D Denysiuk, D Derendarz, J E Derkaoui, F Derue, P Dervan, K Desch, C Deterre, K Dette, M R Devesa, P O Deviveiros, A Dewhurst, S Dhaliwal, F A Di Bello, A Di Ciaccio, L Di Ciaccio, W K Di Clemente, C Di Donato, A Di Girolamo, B Di Girolamo, B Di Micco, R Di Nardo, K F Di Petrillo, A Di Simone, R Di Sipio, D Di Valentino, C Diaconu, M Diamond, F A Dias, M A Diaz, E B Diehl, J Dietrich, S Díez Cornell, A Dimitrievska, J Dingfelder, P Dita, S Dita, F Dittus, F Djama, T Djobava, J I Djuvsland, M A B do Vale, D Dobos, M Dobre, C Doglioni, J Dolejsi, Z Dolezal, M Donadelli, S Donati, P Dondero, J Donini, J Dopke, A Doria, M T Dova, A T Doyle, E Drechsler, M Dris, Y Du, J Duarte-Campderros, A Dubreuil, E Duchovni, G Duckeck, A Ducourthial, O A Ducu, D Duda, A Dudarev, A Chr Dudder, E M Duffield, L Duflot, M Dührssen, M Dumancic, A E Dumitriu, A K Duncan, M Dunford, H Duran Yildiz, M Düren, A Durglishvili, D Duschinger, B Dutta, M Dyndal, C Eckardt, K M Ecker, R C Edgar, T Eifert, G Eigen, K Einsweiler, T Ekelof, M El Kacimi, R El Kosseifi, V Ellajosyula, M Ellert, S Elles, F Ellinghaus, A A Elliot, N Ellis, J Elmsheuser, M Elsing, D Emeliyanov, Y Enari, O C Endner, J S Ennis, J Erdmann, A Ereditato, G Ernis, M Ernst, S Errede, M Escalier, C Escobar, B Esposito, O Estrada Pastor, A I Etienvre, E Etzion, H Evans, A Ezhilov, M Ezzi, F Fabbri, L Fabbri, G Facini, R M Fakhrutdinov, S Falciano, R J Falla, J Faltova, Y Fang, M Fanti, A Farbin, A Farilla, C Farina, E M Farina, T Farooque, S Farrell, S M Farrington, P Farthouat, F Fassi, P Fassnacht, D Fassouliotis, M Faucci Giannelli, A Favareto, W J Fawcett, L Fayard, O L Fedin, W Fedorko, S Feigl, L Feligioni, C Feng, E J Feng, H Feng, M J Fenton, A B Fenyuk, L Feremenga, P Fernandez Martinez, S Fernandez Perez, J Ferrando, A Ferrari, P Ferrari, R Ferrari, D E Ferreira de Lima, A Ferrer, D Ferrere, C Ferretti, F Fiedler, A Filipčič, M Filipuzzi, F Filthaut, M Fincke-Keeler, K D Finelli, M C N Fiolhais, L Fiorini, A Fischer, C Fischer, J Fischer, W C Fisher, N Flaschel, I Fleck, P Fleischmann, R R M Fletcher, T Flick, B M Flierl, L R Flores Castillo, M J Flowerdew, G T Forcolin, A Formica, F A Förster, A Forti, A G Foster, D Fournier, H Fox, S Fracchia, P Francavilla, M Franchini, S Franchino, D Francis, L Franconi, M Franklin, M Frate, M Fraternali, D Freeborn, S M Fressard-Batraneanu, B Freund, D Froidevaux, J A Frost, C Fukunaga, T Fusayasu, J Fuster, C Gabaldon, O Gabizon, A Gabrielli, A Gabrielli, G P Gach, S Gadatsch, S Gadomski, G Gagliardi, L G Gagnon, C Galea, B Galhardo, E J Gallas, B J Gallop, P Gallus, G Galster, K K Gan, S Ganguly, Y Gao, Y S Gao, F M Garay Walls, C García, J E García Navarro, M Garcia-Sciveres, R W Gardner, N Garelli, V Garonne, A Gascon Bravo, K Gasnikova, C Gatti, A Gaudiello, G Gaudio, I L Gavrilenko, C Gay, G Gaycken, E N Gazis, C N P Gee, J Geisen, M Geisen, M P Geisler, K Gellerstedt, C Gemme, M H Genest, C Geng, S Gentile, C Gentsos, S George, D Gerbaudo, A Gershon, G Geßner, S Ghasemi, M Ghneimat, B Giacobbe, S Giagu, P Giannetti, S M Gibson, M Gignac, M Gilchriese, D Gillberg, G Gilles, D M Gingrich, N Giokaris, M P Giordani, F M Giorgi, P F Giraud, P Giromini, D Giugni, F Giuli, C Giuliani, M Giulini, B K Gjelsten, S Gkaitatzis, I Gkialas, E L Gkougkousis, P Gkountoumis, L K Gladilin, C Glasman, J Glatzer, P C F Glaysher, A Glazov, M Goblirsch-Kolb, J Godlewski, S Goldfarb, T Golling, D Golubkov, A Gomes, R Gonçalo, R Goncalves Gama, J Goncalves Pinto Firmino Da Costa, G Gonella, L Gonella, A Gongadze, S González de la Hoz, S Gonzalez-Sevilla, L Goossens, P A Gorbounov, H A Gordon, I Gorelov, B Gorini, E Gorini, A Gorišek, A T Goshaw, C Gössling, M I Gostkin, C A Gottardo, C R Goudet, D Goujdami, A G Goussiou, N Govender, E Gozani, L Graber, I Grabowska-Bold, P O J Gradin, J Gramling, E Gramstad, S Grancagnolo, V Gratchev, P M Gravila, C Gray, H M Gray, Z D Greenwood, C Grefe, K Gregersen, I M Gregor, P Grenier, K Grevtsov, J Griffiths, A A Grillo, K Grimm, S Grinstein, Ph Gris, J-F Grivaz, S Groh, E Gross, J Grosse-Knetter, G C Grossi, Z J Grout, A Grummer, L Guan, W Guan, J Guenther, F Guescini, D Guest, O Gueta, B Gui, E Guido, T Guillemin, S Guindon, U Gul, C Gumpert, J Guo, W Guo, Y Guo, R Gupta, S Gupta, G Gustavino, P Gutierrez, N G Gutierrez Ortiz, C Gutschow, C Guyot, M P Guzik, C Gwenlan, C B Gwilliam, A Haas, C Haber, H K Hadavand, N Haddad, A Hadef, S Hageböck, M Hagihara, H Hakobyan, M 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Swiatlowski, S P Swift, I Sykora, T Sykora, D Ta, K Tackmann, J Taenzer, A Taffard, R Tafirout, E Tahirovic, N Taiblum, H Takai, R Takashima, E H Takasugi, T Takeshita, Y Takubo, M Talby, A A Talyshev, J Tanaka, M Tanaka, R Tanaka, S Tanaka, R Tanioka, B B Tannenwald, S Tapia Araya, S Tapprogge, S Tarem, G F Tartarelli, P Tas, M Tasevsky, T Tashiro, E Tassi, A Tavares Delgado, Y Tayalati, A C Taylor, G N Taylor, P T E Taylor, W Taylor, P Teixeira-Dias, D Temple, H Ten Kate, P K Teng, J J Teoh, F Tepel, S Terada, K Terashi, J Terron, S Terzo, M Testa, R J Teuscher, T Theveneaux-Pelzer, J P Thomas, J Thomas-Wilsker, P D Thompson, A S Thompson, L A Thomsen, E Thomson, M J Tibbetts, R E Ticse Torres, V O Tikhomirov, Yu A Tikhonov, S Timoshenko, P Tipton, S Tisserant, K Todome, S Todorova-Nova, J Tojo, S Tokár, K Tokushuku, E Tolley, L Tomlinson, M Tomoto, L Tompkins, K Toms, B Tong, P Tornambe, E Torrence, H Torres, E Torró Pastor, J Toth, F Touchard, D R Tovey, C J Treado, T Trefzger, F Tresoldi, A Tricoli, I M Trigger, S Trincaz-Duvoid, M F Tripiana, W Trischuk, B Trocmé, A Trofymov, C Troncon, M Trottier-McDonald, M Trovatelli, L Truong, M Trzebinski, A Trzupek, K W Tsang, J C-L Tseng, P V Tsiareshka, G Tsipolitis, N Tsirintanis, S Tsiskaridze, V Tsiskaridze, E G Tskhadadze, K M Tsui, I I Tsukerman, V Tsulaia, S Tsuno, D Tsybychev, Y Tu, A Tudorache, V Tudorache, T T Tulbure, A N Tuna, S A Tupputi, S Turchikhin, D Turgeman, I Turk Cakir, R Turra, P M Tuts, G Ucchielli, I Ueda, M Ughetto, F Ukegawa, G Unal, A Undrus, G Unel, F C Ungaro, Y Unno, C Unverdorben, J Urban, P Urquijo, P Urrejola, G Usai, J Usui, L Vacavant, V Vacek, B Vachon, K O H Vadla, A Vaidya, C Valderanis, E Valdes Santurio, M Valente, S Valentinetti, A Valero, L Valéry, S Valkar, A Vallier, J A Valls Ferrer, W Van Den Wollenberg, H van der Graaf, P van Gemmeren, J Van Nieuwkoop, I van Vulpen, M C van Woerden, M Vanadia, W Vandelli, A Vaniachine, P Vankov, G Vardanyan, R Vari, E W Varnes, C Varni, T Varol, D Varouchas, A Vartapetian, K E Varvell, J G Vasquez, G A Vasquez, F Vazeille, T Vazquez Schroeder, J Veatch, V Veeraraghavan, L M Veloce, F Veloso, S Veneziano, A Ventura, M Venturi, N Venturi, A Venturini, V Vercesi, M Verducci, W Verkerke, A T Vermeulen, J C Vermeulen, M C Vetterli, N Viaux Maira, O Viazlo, I Vichou, T Vickey, O E Vickey Boeriu, G H A Viehhauser, S Viel, L Vigani, M Villa, M Villaplana Perez, E Vilucchi, M G Vincter, V B Vinogradov, A Vishwakarma, C Vittori, I Vivarelli, S Vlachos, M Vlasak, M Vogel, P Vokac, G Volpi, H von der Schmitt, E von Toerne, V Vorobel, K Vorobev, M Vos, R Voss, J H Vossebeld, N Vranjes, M Vranjes Milosavljevic, V Vrba, M Vreeswijk, R Vuillermet, I Vukotic, P Wagner, W Wagner, J Wagner-Kuhr, H Wahlberg, S Wahrmund, J Wakabayashi, J Walder, R Walker, W Walkowiak, V Wallangen, C Wang, C Wang, F Wang, H Wang, H Wang, J Wang, J Wang, Q Wang, R Wang, S M Wang, T Wang, W Wang, W Wang, Z Wang, C Wanotayaroj, A Warburton, C P Ward, D R Wardrope, A Washbrook, P M Watkins, A T Watson, M F Watson, G Watts, S Watts, B M Waugh, A F Webb, S Webb, M S Weber, S W Weber, S A Weber, J S Webster, A R Weidberg, B Weinert, J Weingarten, M Weirich, C Weiser, H Weits, P S Wells, T Wenaus, T Wengler, S Wenig, N Wermes, M D Werner, P Werner, M Wessels, T D Weston, K Whalen, N L Whallon, A M Wharton, A S White, A White, M J White, R White, D Whiteson, B W Whitmore, F J Wickens, W Wiedenmann, M Wielers, C Wiglesworth, L A M Wiik-Fuchs, A Wildauer, F Wilk, H G Wilkens, H H Williams, S Williams, C Willis, S Willocq, J A Wilson, I Wingerter-Seez, E Winkels, F Winklmeier, O J Winston, B T Winter, M Wittgen, M Wobisch, T M H Wolf, R Wolff, M W Wolter, H Wolters, V W S Wong, S D Worm, B K Wosiek, J Wotschack, K W Wozniak, M Wu, S L Wu, X Wu, Y Wu, T R Wyatt, B M Wynne, S Xella, Z Xi, L Xia, D Xu, L Xu, B Yabsley, S Yacoob, D Yamaguchi, Y Yamaguchi, A Yamamoto, S Yamamoto, T Yamanaka, M Yamatani, K Yamauchi, Y Yamazaki, Z Yan, H Yang, H Yang, Y Yang, Z Yang, W-M Yao, Y C Yap, Y Yasu, E Yatsenko, K H Yau Wong, J Ye, S Ye, I Yeletskikh, E Yigitbasi, E Yildirim, K Yorita, K Yoshihara, C Young, C J S Young, J Yu, J Yu, S P Y Yuen, I Yusuff, B Zabinski, G Zacharis, R Zaidan, A M Zaitsev, N Zakharchuk, J Zalieckas, A Zaman, S Zambito, D Zanzi, C Zeitnitz, G Zemaityte, A Zemla, J C Zeng, Q Zeng, O Zenin, T Ženiš, D Zerwas, D Zhang, F Zhang, G Zhang, H Zhang, J Zhang, L Zhang, L Zhang, M Zhang, P Zhang, R Zhang, R Zhang, X Zhang, Y Zhang, Z Zhang, X Zhao, Y Zhao, Z Zhao, A Zhemchugov, B Zhou, C Zhou, L Zhou, M Zhou, M Zhou, N Zhou, C G Zhu, H Zhu, J Zhu, Y Zhu, X Zhuang, K Zhukov, A Zibell, D Zieminska, N I Zimine, C Zimmermann, S Zimmermann, Z Zinonos, M Zinser, M Ziolkowski, L Živković, G Zobernig, A Zoccoli, R Zou, M Zur Nedden, L Zwalinski
With the increase in energy of the Large Hadron Collider to a centre-of-mass energy of 13 [Formula: see text] for Run 2, events with dense environments, such as in the cores of high-energy jets, became a focus for new physics searches as well as measurements of the Standard Model. These environments are characterized by charged-particle separations of the order of the tracking detectors sensor granularity. Basic track quantities are compared between 3.2 fb[Formula: see text] of data collected by the ATLAS experiment and simulation of proton-proton collisions producing high-transverse-momentum jets at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 [Formula: see text]...
2017: European Physical Journal. C, Particles and Fields
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078360/reduction-of-solar-photovoltaic-resources-due-to-air-pollution-in-china
#15
Xiaoyuan Li, Fabian Wagner, Wei Peng, Junnan Yang, Denise L Mauzerall
Solar photovoltaic (PV) electricity generation is expanding rapidly in China, with total capacity projected to be 400 GW by 2030. However, severe aerosol pollution over China reduces solar radiation reaching the surface. We estimate the aerosol impact on solar PV electricity generation at the provincial and regional grid levels in China. Our approach is to examine the 12-year (2003-2014) average reduction in point-of-array irradiance (POAI) caused by aerosols in the atmosphere. We apply satellite-derived surface irradiance data from the NASA Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) with a PV performance model (PVLIB-Python) to calculate the impact of aerosols and clouds on POAI...
November 7, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060596/flexible-wearable-sensor-nodes-with-solar-energy-harvesting
#16
Taiyang Wu, Md Shamsul Arefin, Jean-Michel Redoute, Mehmet Rasit Yuce
Wearable sensor nodes have gained a lot of attention during the past few years as they can monitor and record people's physical parameters in real time. Wearable sensor nodes can promote healthy lifestyles and prevent the occurrence of potential illness or injuries. This paper presents a flexible wearable sensor system powered by an efficient solar energy harvesting technique. It can measure the subject's heartbeats using a photoplethysmography (PPG) sensor and perform activity monitoring using an accelerometer...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047549/compact-semi-passive-beam-steering-prism-array-for-solar-concentrators
#17
Cheng Zheng, Qiyuan Li, Gary Rosengarten, Evatt Hawkes, Robert A Taylor
In order to maximize solar energy utilization in a limited space (e.g., rooftops), solar collectors should track the sun. As an alternative to rotational tracking systems, this paper presents a compact, semi-passive beam steering prism array which has been designed, analyzed, and tested for solar applications. The proposed prism array enables a linear concentrator system to remain stationary so that it can integrate with a variety of different solar concentrators, and which should be particularly useful for systems which require a low profile (namely rooftop-mounted systems)...
May 10, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042567/mapping-the-ultrafast-flow-of-harvested-solar-energy-in-living-photosynthetic-cells
#18
Peter D Dahlberg, Po-Chieh Ting, Sara C Massey, Marco A Allodi, Elizabeth C Martin, C Neil Hunter, Gregory S Engel
Photosynthesis transfers energy efficiently through a series of antenna complexes to the reaction center where charge separation occurs. Energy transfer in vivo is primarily monitored by measuring fluorescence signals from the small fraction of excitations that fail to result in charge separation. Here, we use two-dimensional electronic spectroscopy to follow the entire energy transfer process in a thriving culture of the purple bacteria, Rhodobacter sphaeroides. By removing contributions from scattered light, we extract the dynamics of energy transfer through the dense network of antenna complexes and into the reaction center...
October 17, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041483/nanopatterned-luminescent-concentrators-for-visible-light-communications
#19
Yurong Dong, Meng Shi, Xilu Yang, Pan Zeng, Junyi Gong, Sunming Zheng, Mengjie Zhang, Rongqing Liang, Qiongrong Ou, Nan Chi, Shuyu Zhang
Visible light communication (VLC) is a promising candidate for high-speed wireless communication with numerous unlicensed spectrum. To achieve high-speed data communication, it requires intense light signals concentrated on a tiny fast photodiode. The common way of using focusing optics reduces the field of view (FoV) of the photodiode due to the conservation of étendue. Luminescent solar concentrators (LSC) provide a solution to enhance the signals without affecting the FoV. In this paper we demonstrate nanopatterned LSCs fabricated on flexible plastics that achieve a doubling of optical gain compared to its traditional rectangular counterparts...
September 4, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036726/contribution-of-different-particles-measured-with-track-etched-detectors-onboard-iss
#20
I Ambrožová, M Davídková, K Pachnerová Brabcová, R V Tolochek, V A Shurshakov
Cosmic radiation consists of primary high-energy galactic and solar particles. When passing through spacecraft walls and astronauts' bodies, the spectrum becomes even more complex due to generating of secondary particles through fragmentation and nuclear interactions. Total radiation exposure is contributed by both these components. With an advantage, space research uses track etched detectors from the group of passive detectors visualizing the tracks of particles, in this case by etching. The detectors can discriminate between various components of cosmic radiation...
September 29, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
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