keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Africa congenital heart disease

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904846/complete-congenital-heart-block-in-a-neonate-with-a-complex-congenital-heart-defect-in-africa
#1
Clovis Nkoke, Edvine Yonta Wawo, Liliane Kuate Mfeukeu, Larissa Makamte, Sandrine Dikosso Edie, Flore Esiene Balana
Congenital heart block (CHB) is rare disorder that has a higher mortality when associated with structural congenital heart defects. Very few cases have been reported in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). We present a case of complete CHB associated with a complex congenital heart defect in a neonate in Cameroon. A 1-month-old neonate in Cameroon was referred for the evaluation of bradycardia. The obstetrical ultrasound done during pregnancy revealed fetal bradycardia without further evaluation. Clinical examination showed well a developed neonate with bradycardia at 62 beats/minute, and mild cyanosis with oxygen saturation at 93% at room air...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904843/cardiac-surgery-in-africa-a-thirty-five-year-experience-on-open-heart-surgery-in-cote-d-ivoire
#2
Koffi Herve Yangni-Angate, Christophe Meneas, Florent Diby, Manga Diomande, Anicet Adoubi, Yves Tanauh
BACKGROUND: Few centers for open heart surgery (OHS) are in Sub-Saharan Africa. Lack of OHS results is also noted. By reporting our African experience on OHS, the aim of this study was to fill the gap. METHODS: It is a retrospective study on 2,612 patients who were subject to an OHS between 1978 and 2013. Data were collected from demographical, clinical, investigative studies, surgical and outcomes parameters. RESULTS: There were 1,475 cases of rheumatic heart diseases (RHD), 126 endomyocardial fibrosis (EMF), 741 congenital heart diseases (CHDs) and 270 various affections...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834766/humanitarian-cardiology-and-cardiac-surgery-in-sub-saharan-africa-can-we-reshape-the-model
#3
Endale Tefera, Berhanu Nega, Dejuma Yadeta, Yilkal Chanie
BACKGROUND: In recent decades, humanitarian cardiology and cardiac surgery have shifted toward sending short-term surgical and catheter missions to treat patients. Although this model has been shown to be effective in bringing cardiovascular care to the patients' environment, its effectiveness in creating sustainable service is questioned. This study reports the barriers to contribution of missions to effective skill transfer and possible improvements needed in the future, from the perspective of both the local and overseas teams...
November 2016: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793430/the-heart-of-africa-succeeding-against-the-odds
#4
Karen Sliwa
South Africa and other areas of sub-Saharan Africa have in the past 20 years undergone rapid demographical changes, largely due to urbanisation and changes in lifestyle. This rapid change has led to a marked increase in specific cardiac conditions, such as hypertensive heart disease and coronary artery disease (with the highest prevalence in the middle-aged population), in conjunction with a range of other heart diseases, which are historically common in Africa-eg, rheumatic heart disease, cardiomyopathies, and unoperated congenital heart disease...
October 24, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747169/the-burden-of-fallot-s-tetralogy-among-nigerian-children
#5
Barakat Adeola Animasahun, Akpoembele D Madise-Wobo, Bode A Falase, Samuel I Omokhodion
BACKGROUND: There are only very few reports on Fallot's tetralogy in Africa especially from sub-Saharan Africa. At best tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is only mentioned as part of reports of surveys of other congenital heart diseases or as case reports in the region. There has been no report on cohorts of children with TOF in West Africa. This article describes the pattern and presentation of children diagnosed with TOF patients in a tertiary hospital in sub-Saharan Africa over a 9-year period...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499412/feasibility-of-pulse-oximetry-pre-discharge-screening-implementation-for-detecting-critical-congenital-heart-lesions-in-newborns-in-a-secondary-level-maternity-hospital-in-the-western-cape-south-africa-the-popsicle-study
#6
A M Van Niekerk, R M Cullis, L L Linley, L Zühlke
BACKGROUND: Early detection of critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) through newborn pulse oximetry (POx) screening is an effective strategy for reducing paediatric morbidity and mortality rates and has been adopted by much of the developed world. OBJECTIVES: To document the feasibility of implementing pre-discharge POx screening in well babies born at Mowbray Maternity Hospital, a busy government hospital in Cape Town, South Africa. Parent and staff acceptance was assessed...
August 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27404676/the-causes-treatment-and-outcome-of-pulmonary-hypertension-in-africa-insights-from-the-pan-african-pulmonary-hypertension-cohort-papuco-registry
#7
Friedrich Thienemann, Anastase Dzudie, Ana O Mocumbi, Lori Blauwet, Mahmoud U Sani, Kamilu M Karaye, Okechukwu S Ogah, Irina Mbanze, Amam Mbakwem, Patience Udo, Kemi Tibazarwa, Albertino Damasceno, Ashley K Keates, Simon Stewart, Karen Sliwa
BACKGROUND: Epidemiology, aetiology, management and outcome data for various forms of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in Africa are scarce. METHODS: A prospective, multinational cohort registry of 220 consecutive patients (97% of African descent) from 9 specialist centres in 4 African countries. The antecedents, characteristics and management of newly diagnosed PH plus 6-month survival were studied. RESULTS: There were 209 adults (median age 48years [IQR 35, 64]) and 11 children (age range 1 to 17years)...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27303780/acute-viral-bronchiolitis-in-south-africa-strategies-for-management-and-prevention
#8
H J Zar, S A Madhi, D A White, R Masekela, S Risenga, H Lewis, C Feldman, B Morrow, P Jeena
Management of acute viral bronchiolitis is largely supportive. There is currently no proven effective therapy other than oxygen for hypoxic children. The evidence indicates that there is no routine benefit from inhaled, rapid short-acting bronchodilators, adrenaline or ipratropium bromide for children with acute viral bronchiolitis. Likewise, there is no demonstrated benefit from routine use of inhaled or oral corticosteroids, inhaled hypertonic saline nebulisation, montelukast or antibiotics. The last should be reserved for children with severe disease, when bacterial co-infection is suspected...
April 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27303779/acute-viral-bronchiolitis-in-south-africa-diagnostic-flow
#9
D A White, H J Zar, S A Madhi, P Jeena, B Morrow, R Masekela, S Risenga, R Green
Bronchiolitis may be diagnosed on the basis of clinical signs and symptoms. In a young child, the diagnosis can be made on the clinical pattern of wheezing and hyperinflation. Clinical symptoms and signs typically start with an upper respiratory prodrome, including rhinorrhoea, low-grade fever, cough and poor feeding, followed 1 - 2 days later by tachypnoea, hyperinflation and wheeze as a consequence of airway inflammation and air trapping.The illness is generally self limiting, but may become more severe and include signs such as grunting, nasal flaring, subcostal chest wall retractions and hypoxaemia...
April 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27297348/endemic-cardiovascular-diseases-of-the-poorest-billion
#10
Gene F Kwan, Bongani M Mayosi, Ana O Mocumbi, J Jaime Miranda, Majid Ezzati, Yogesh Jain, Gisela Robles, Emelia J Benjamin, S V Subramanian, Gene Bukhman
The poorest billion people are distributed throughout the world, though most are concentrated in rural sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) data can be sparse in low- and middle-income countries beyond urban centers. Despite this urban bias, CVD registries from the poorest countries have long revealed a predominance of nonatherosclerotic stroke, hypertensive heart disease, nonischemic and Chagas cardiomyopathies, rheumatic heart disease, and congenital heart anomalies, among others...
June 14, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27259525/retrospective-cross-sectional-review-of-survival-rates-in-critically-ill-children-admitted-to-a-combined-paediatric-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-in-johannesburg-south-africa-2013-2015
#11
Daynia E Ballot, Victor A Davies, Peter A Cooper, Tobias Chirwa, Andrew Argent, Mervyn Mer
OBJECTIVE: Report on survival to discharge of children in a combined paediatric/neonatal intensive care unit (PNICU). DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective cross-sectional record review. PARTICIPANTS: All children (medical and surgical patients) admitted to PNICU between 1 January 2013 and 30 June 2015. OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcome-survival to discharge. Secondary outcomes-disease profiles and predictors of mortality in different age categories...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27245535/predicted-v-real-prevalence-of-the-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome-in-children-with-congenital-heart-disease-presenting-to-red-cross-war-memorial-children-s-hospital-south-africa-a-prospective-study
#12
R De Decker, Z Bruwer, L Hendricks, M Schoeman, G Schutte, J Lawrenson
BACKGROUND: The 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22qDS) has more than 180 associated phenotypic features, yet genotype-phenotype correlation remains obscure. Since many of the clinical characteristics are serious, yet treatable (including congenital heart disease), clinicians must maintain a high index of clinical suspicion to recognise a suite of co-occurring phenotypic features that suggest a diagnosis of 22qDS. Óskarsdottir's scoring schedule (the 'O score') is generally used to suggest the need for confirmatory fluorescent in situ hybridisation (FISH) testing, using the TUPLE 1 probe...
June 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27213854/pre-conception-counselling-for-key-cardiovascular-conditions-in-africa-optimising-pregnancy-outcomes
#13
REVIEW
Liesl Zühlke, Letitia Acquah
The World Health Organisation (WHO) supports pre-conception care (PCC) towards improving health and pregnancy outcomes. PPC entails a continuum of promotive, preventative and curative health and social interventions. PPC identifies current and potential medical problems of women of childbearing age towards strategising optimal pregnancy outcomes, whereas antenatal care constitutes the care provided during pregnancy. Optimised PPC and antenatal care would improve civil society and maternal, child and public health...
March 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26885487/spectrum-of-heart-diseases-in-children-an-echocardiographic-study-of-1-666-subjects-in-a-pediatric-hospital-yaounde-cameroon
#14
David Chelo, Félicitée Nguefack, Alain P Menanga, Suzanne Ngo Um, Jean C Gody, Sandra A Tatah, Paul O Koki Ndombo
BACKGROUND: Children's health programs in Sub-Saharan Africa have always been oriented primarily to infectious diseases and malnutrition. We are witnessing in the early 21(st) century an epidemiological transition marked by the decline of old diseases and the identification of new diseases including heart disease. Therefore, it is necessary to describe the spectrum of these diseases in order to better prepare health workers to these new challenges. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study focused on heart disease diagnosed by echocardiography in children seen from January 2006 to December 2014 in a pediatric hospital of Yaounde...
February 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26702347/children-with-tetralogy-of-fallot-in-an-urban-centre-in-africa
#15
Barakat Adeola Animasahun, Akpoembele Deborah Madise-Wobo, Samuel I Omokhodion, Olisamedua Fidelis Njokanma
INTRODUCTION: There is a dearth of literature on tetralogy of fallot (TOF) in children in Sub-Saharan Africa. This study up aims to describe the prevalence, clinical profile and associated cardiac anomaly of children diagnosed with TOF documented over an eight year period in a tertiary hospital in South Western Nigeria. METHODS: A prospective review of all consecutive cases of TOF diagnosed with echocardiography at the Lagos State University Teaching Hospital (LASUTH) between January 2007 and December 2014...
2015: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26208006/screening-for-rheumatic-heart-disease-among-peruvian-children-a-two-stage-sampling-observational-study
#16
Ernest Spitzer, Jorge Mercado, Fabian Islas, Martina Rothenbühler, Reto Kurmann, Fabian Zürcher, Peter Krähenmann, Nassip Llerena, Peter Jüni, Pedro Torres, Thomas Pilgrim
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to evaluate the implications of different classifications of rheumatic heart disease on estimated prevalence, and to systematically assess the importance of incidental findings from echocardiographic screening among schoolchildren in Peru. METHODS: We performed a cluster randomized observational survey using portable echocardiography among schoolchildren aged 5 to 16 years from randomly selected public and private schools in Arequipa, Peru...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26090033/infective-endocarditis-in-ethiopian-children-a-hospital-based-review-of-cases-in-addis-ababa
#17
Tamirat Moges, Etsegenet Gedlu, Petros Isaakidis, Ajay Kumar, Rafael Van Den Berge, Mohammed Khogali, Amha Mekasha, Sven Gudmund Hinderaker
INTRODUCTION: Infective endocarditis is an infection of the endocardial lining of the heart mainly associated with congenital and rheumatic heart disease. Although it is a rare disease in children, it is associated with high morbidity and mortality; death due to infective endocarditis has been reported to be as high as 26% in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of routinely collected data from patient records. RESULTS: A total of 40 children (71% female) with 41 episodes of infective endocarditis admitted to a general paediatric ward in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia between 2008 and 2013...
2015: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25659551/epidemiology-of-congenital-abnormalities-in-west-africa-results-of-a-descriptive-study-in-teaching-hospitals-in-abidjan-cote-d-ivoire
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Bertin Dibi Kouame, Isabelle Ama N'guetta-Brou, Guy Serge Yapo Kouame, Moufidath Sounkere, Maxime Koffi, Jean Baptiste Yaokreh, Thierry Odehouri-Koudou, Samba Tembely, Gaudens Atafi Dieth, Ossenou Ouattara, Ruffin Dick
BACKGROUND: Congenital abnormalities constitute one of the major causes of infant mortality, particularly in developing countries. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology of congenital anomalies in Cote d'Ivoire. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a multicentric study of three academic hospitals and the Heart Institute of Abidjan over 10 years. The epidemiologic Data concerned the Parturients, the annual frequency of congenital abnormalities. Distribution of the congenital abnormalities according to the organs, overall mortality and lethality of congenital abnormalities were evaluated...
January 2015: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25610807/shone-s-anomaly-a-report-of-one-case-in-sub-saharan-africa
#19
Clovis Nkoke, Alain Lekoubou, Edvine Wawo Yonta, Anastase Dzudie, Andre Pascal Kengne
Shone's anomaly is a rare congenital cardiac malformation consisting of four obstructive lesions of the left heart and the aortic arch: a supramitral membrane; parachute mitral valve; subaortic stenosis; and coarctation of the aorta which occurs most commonly in its incomplete form. We report on a 17-year-old male Cameroonian with a variant of shone anomaly consisting of sub-valvular aortic stenosis, coarctation of the aorta and parachute mitral valve. He was referred for the investigation of a cardiac murmur after he presented with shortness of breath preceded by flu like syndrome...
December 2014: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25495807/novel-perspectives-in-clinical-cardiology-and-cardiac-surgery
#20
Anastasia S Mihailidou
The International Conference on Clinical & Experimental Cardiology was held in San Antonio (TX, USA) on 14-16 April 2014. This was the fourth meeting and had the theme 'Novel Perspectives on Clinical Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery' with sessions in heart disease, congenital heart disease, cardiac therapeutic agents, biophysics and systems biology, current research, and interventional cardiology, providing an interactive forum for discussion of science and clinical practices. Presentations by delegates from Africa, Saudi Arabia, India, China, Japan, Australia, Europe, South America, in addition to Canada and the USA, provided an opportunity for collaboration but also an appreciation of the challenges for treatment in remote locations as well as distance between health facilities...
November 2014: Future Cardiology
keyword
keyword
20874
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"