keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Amotivation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390445/peace-of-mind-academic-motivation-and-academic-achievement-in-filipino-high-school-students
#1
Jesus Alfonso D Datu
Recent literature has recognized the advantageous role of low-arousal positive affect such as feelings of peacefulness and internal harmony in collectivist cultures. However, limited research has explored the benefits of low-arousal affective states in the educational setting. The current study examined the link of peace of mind (PoM) to academic motivation (i.e., amotivation, controlled motivation, and autonomous motivation) and academic achievement among 525 Filipino high school students. Findings revealed that PoM was positively associated with academic achievement β = ...
April 9, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337158/how-not-to-do-a-mindset-intervention-learning-from-a-mindset-intervention-among-students-with-good-grades
#2
Gábor Orosz, Szilvia Péter-Szarka, Beáta Bőthe, István Tóth-Király, Rony Berger
The present study examined the effectiveness of a Growth Mindset intervention based on Dweck et al.'s (1995) theory in the Hungarian educational context. A cluster randomized controlled trial classroom experiment was carried out within the framework of a train-the-trainer intervention among 55 Hungarian 10th grade students with high Grade Point Average (GPA). The results suggest that students' IQ and personality mindset beliefs were more incremental in the intervention group than in the control group 3 weeks after the intervention...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283562/effort-based-reinforcement-processing-and-functional-connectivity-underlying-amotivation-in-medicated-patients-with-depression-and-schizophrenia
#3
Il Ho Park, Boung Chul Lee, Jae-Jin Kim, Joong Il Kim, Min-Seung Koo
Amotivation is a common phenotype of major depressive disorder and schizophrenia, which are clinically distinct disorders. Effective treatment targets and strategies can be discovered by examining the dopaminergic reward network function underlying amotivation between these disorders. We conducted an fMRI study in healthy human participants and medicated patients with depression and schizophrenia using an effort-based reinforcement task. We examined regional activations related to reward type (positive and negative reinforcement), effort level, and their composite value, as well as resting-state functional connectivities within the meso-striatal-prefrontal pathway...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248628/cultural-and-linguistic-adaptation-of-a-healthy-diet-text-message-intervention-for-hispanic-adults-living-in-the-united-states
#4
Linda D Cameron, Arturo Durazo, A Susana Ramírez, Roberto Corona, Mayra Ultreras, Sonia Piva
Hispanics represent a critical target for culturally adapted diet interventions. In this formative research, we translated HealthyYouTXT, an mHealth program developed by the U.S. National Cancer Institute, into HealthyYouTXT en Español, a linguistically and culturally appropriate version for Spanish speakers in the United States. We report a three-stage, mixed-methods process through which we culturally adapted the text messages, evaluated their acceptability, and revised the program based on the findings...
March 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247209/burnout-quality-of-life-motivation-and-academic-achievement-among-medical-students-a%C3%A2-person-oriented-approach
#5
Mataroria P Lyndon, Marcus A Henning, Hussain Alyami, Sanjeev Krishna, Irene Zeng, Tzu-Chieh Yu, Andrew G Hill
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify burnout and quality of life profiles of medical students and determine their associations with academic motivation and achievement on progress tests using a person-oriented approach. METHODS: Medical students (n = 670) in Year 3 to Year 5 at the University of Auckland were classified into three different profiles as derived from a two-step cluster analysis using World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF scores and Copenhagen Burnout Inventory scores...
April 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236096/-cannabis-induced-disorders
#6
REVIEW
M Soyka, U Preuss, E Hoch
Use and misuse of cannabis and marihuana are frequent. About 5% of the adult population are current users but only 1.2% are dependent. The medical use of cannabis is controversial but there is some evidence for improvement of chronic pain and spasticity. The somatic toxicity of cannabis is well proven but limited and psychiatric disorders induced by cannabis are of more relevance, e.g. cognitive disorders, amotivational syndrome, psychoses and delusional disorders as well as physical and psychological dependence...
March 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230315/achievement-motivation-in-early-schizophrenia-relationship-with-symptoms-cognition-and-functional-outcome
#7
Gagan Fervaha, Hiroyoshi Takeuchi, George Foussias, Margaret K Hahn, Ofer Agid, Gary Remington
BACKGROUND: Individuals with schizophrenia engage in goal-directed activities significantly less often compared to healthy individuals in the community. There is ample evidence documenting the presence of motivational deficits in schizophrenia using observer-based ratings; however, purely self-reported accounts of patients' motivation are less well understood. This study examined subjective accounts of trait achievement motivation among relatively young, clinically stable, early-course outpatients with schizophrenia...
February 23, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212174/categorizing-and-assessing-negative-symptoms
#8
Paola Bucci, Silvana Galderisi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide a review on studies published in the last year relevant to the categorization and assessment of negative symptoms. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent research supported the validity of the 'deficit/non-deficit schizophrenia' categorization. Few studies confirmed the validity of the category 'persistent negative symptoms', whereas no recent study explored the validity of the category 'predominant negative symptoms'. The two-factor structure of the negative dimension is supported by studies reporting different correlates for the two subdomains: diminished expression and avolition/apathy...
February 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185338/distinguishing-subtypes-of-extrinsic-motivation-among-people-with-mild-to-borderline-intellectual-disability
#9
N Frielink, C Schuengel, P Embregts
BACKGROUND: According to self-determination theory, motivation is ordered in types, including amotivation, extrinsic motivation and intrinsic motivation. Self-determination theory defines four subtypes of extrinsic motivation: external motivation, introjected motivation, identified motivation and integrated motivation. Although it has been argued theoretically that the different types of motivation are universally applicable, Reid et al. () proposed a dichotomy of broad subtypes of extrinsic motivation for people with intellectual disability (ID) due to their cognitive limitations...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143767/striatal-dopamine-d1-receptor-suppression-impairs-reward-associative-learning
#10
Kerin K Higa, Jared W Young, Baohu Ji, David E Nichols, Mark A Geyer, Xianjin Zhou
Dopamine (DA) is required for reinforcement learning. Hence, disruptions in DA signaling may contribute to the learning deficits associated with psychiatric disorders. The DA D1 receptor (D1R) has been linked to learning and is a target for cognitive/motivational enhancement in patients with schizophrenia. Separating the striatal D1R contribution to learning vs. motivation, however, has been challenging. We suppressed striatal D1R expression in mice using a D1R-targeting short hairpin RNA (shRNA), delivered locally to the striatum via an adeno-associated virus (AAV)...
April 14, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126069/validity-evidence-for-the-adaptation-of-the-state-mindfulness-scale-for-physical-activity-sms-pa-in-spanish-youth
#11
Sarah Ullrich-French, Juan González Hernández, María D Hidalgo Montesinos
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness is an increasingly popular construct with promise in enhancing multiple positive health outcomes. Physical activity is an important behavior for enhancing overall health, but no Spanish language scale exists to test how mindfulness during physical activity may facilitate physical activity motivation or behavior. This study examined the validity of a Spanish adaption of a new scale, the State Mindfulness Scale for Physical Activity, to assess mindfulness during a specific experience of physical activity...
February 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087303/activity-levels-and-exercise-motivation-in-copd-patients-and-their-resident-loved-ones
#12
Rafael Mesquita, Nienke Nakken, Daisy J A Janssen, Esther H A van den Bogaart, Jeannet M L Delbressine, Johannes M N Essers, Kenneth Meijer, Monique van Vliet, Geeuwke J de Vries, Jean W M Muris, Fabio Pitta, Emiel F M Wouters, Martijn A Spruit
BACKGROUND: Resident loved ones of patients with COPD can play an important role in helping patients to engage in physical activity. We aimed to compare activity levels and exercise motivation between COPD patients and their resident loved ones; to compare the same outcome measures in patients after stratification for the physical activity level of the loved ones; and to predict the likelihood of being physically active in patients with a physically active resident loved one. METHODS: 125 patient-loved one dyads were cross-sectionally and simultaneously assessed...
January 10, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049079/prediction-of-motivational-impairment-12-month-follow-up-of-the-randomized-controlled-trial-on-extended-early-intervention-for-first-episode-psychosis
#13
W C Chang, V W Y Kwong, G H K Chan, O T T Jim, E S K Lau, C L M Hui, S K W Chan, E H M Lee, E Y H Chen
BACKGROUND: Amotivation is prevalent in first-episode psychosis (FEP) patients and is a major determinant of functional outcome. Prediction of amotivation in the early stage of psychosis, however, is under-studied. We aimed to prospectively examine predictors of amotivation in FEP patients in a randomized-controlled trial comparing a 1-year extension of early intervention (Extended EI, 3-year EI) with step-down psychiatric care (SC, 2-year EI). METHODS: One hundred sixty Chinese patents were recruited from a specialized EI program for FEP in Hong Kong after they have completed this 2-year EI service, randomly allocated to Extended EI or SC, and followed up for 12 months...
March 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031771/a-comparison-of-physical-education-students-motivation-using-polish-and-turkish-versions-of-the-academic-motivation-scale
#14
Agnieszka Ardeńska, Rajmund Tomik, Serkan Berber, Burak Düz, Barış Çivak, Uğur Çalişkan, Joanna Ogrodnik
Motivation is an important phenomenon in the realm of education, particularly in the university fields connected with physical education and sport, where it is necessary to accommodate and balance intellectual abilities and physical fitness. The present study tested motivation levels among university students in the fields connected with physical education and sport in Poland and Turkey. It was based on the Self-Determination Theory (Deci and Ryan, 1985), namely intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation and amotivation which impact human behaviour...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933031/exhaustion-experiences-in-junior-athletes-the-importance-of-motivation-and-self-control-competencies
#15
Gro Jordalen, Pierre-Nicolas Lemyre, Natalie Durand-Bush
Quality of motivation, self-control competencies, as well as past performance experience influence sport participation outcomes in developing athletes. Studies have shown that junior athletes high in self-determined motivation are less prone to experience burnout, while self-control competencies help developing athletes to be conscious and deliberate in their self-regulatory efforts toward elite sport performances and avoid negative sport participation outcomes. Combining the self-determination theory framework and psychosocial theories of self-regulation, the aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine how various types of motivation and self-control competencies together are associated with the development of burnout symptoms in junior athletes...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911015/depression-with-inflammation-longitudinal-analysis-of-a-proposed-depressive-subtype-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#16
Damien Gallagher, Alex Kiss, Krista Lanctot, Nathan Herrmann
OBJECTIVE: It has been proposed that inflammation may be causally related to depression. If this is the case, it may be possible to distinguish an inflammatory depressive subtype according to illness course, pattern of co-morbidity and symptom profile. METHODS: Eight hundred and eleven community dwelling older adults with depression (8 item Center for Epidemiologic Studies scale ≥ 4) from the English Longitudinal study of Ageing (ELSA) were followed for a median of 47 months...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910118/motivational-factors-associated-with-physical-activity-and-quality-of-life-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#17
Anders Farholm, Marit Sørensen, Hallgeir Halvari
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing interest for investigating the role of motivation in physical activity among people with severe mental illness (SMI). Autonomous motivation has been suggested to have a potentially important role in adoption and maintenance of physical activity. However, the knowledge about factors that facilitate autonomous motivation among people with SMI is scarce. AIM: The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with motivation for physical activity as well as the relationships between motivation, physical activity and health-related quality of life in individuals with SMI that were currently physically active...
December 2, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869058/relationship-of-amotivation-to-neurocognition-self-efficacy-and-functioning-in-first-episode-psychosis-a-structural-equation-modeling-approach
#18
W C Chang, V W Y Kwong, C L M Hui, S K W Chan, E H M Lee, E Y H Chen
BACKGROUND: Better understanding of the complex interplay among key determinants of functional outcome is crucial to promoting recovery in psychotic disorders. However, this is understudied in the early course of illness. We aimed to examine the relationships among negative symptoms, neurocognition, general self-efficacy and global functioning in first-episode psychosis (FEP) patients using structural equation modeling (SEM). METHOD: Three hundred and twenty-one Chinese patients aged 26-55 years presenting with FEP to an early intervention program in Hong Kong were recruited...
November 21, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802910/effects-of-the-indianapolis-vocational-intervention-program-ivip-on-defeatist-beliefs-work-motivation-and-work-outcomes-in-serious-mental-illness
#19
Joshua E Mervis, Joanna M Fiszdon, Paul H Lysaker, Tasha M Nienow, Laura Mathews, Patricia Wardwell, Tammy Petrik, Warren Thime, Jimmy Choi
Defeatist beliefs and amotivation are prominent obstacles in vocational rehabilitation for people with serious mental illnesses (SMI). The CBT-based Indianapolis Vocational Intervention Program (IVIP) was specifically designed to reduce defeatist beliefs related to work functioning. In the current study, we examined the impact of IVIP on defeatist beliefs and motivation for work, hypothesizing that IVIP would be associated with a reduction in defeatist beliefs and greater motivation for work. We also examined the effects of IVIP on these variables as well as work outcomes during a 12-month follow-up...
April 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788457/understanding-and-treating-amotivation-in-people-with-psychosis-an-experimental-study-of-the-role-of-guided-imagery
#20
Charlotte Cox, Suzanne Jolley, Louise Johns
Psychological models propose that the amotivational negative symptoms (ANS) of psychosis are influenced by expectations of future events; both anticipatory success (believing one can achieve something, AS) and anticipatory pleasure (mentally pre-creating potential future experiences of enjoyment, AP). Mental imagery manipulations have been shown to change expectations across a range of settings, and may therefore enhance psychological interventions for ANS in people with psychosis. We set out to investigate the impact of a guided imagery manipulation on AS and AP in this group...
December 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
keyword
keyword
20870
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"