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Amotivation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036672/convergence-and-divergence-of-brain-network-dysfunction-in-deficit-and-non-deficit-schizophrenia
#1
Miao Yu, Zhengjia Dai, Xiaowei Tang, Xiang Wang, Xiaobin Zhang, Weiwei Sha, Shuqiao Yao, Ni Shu, Xindi Wang, Jiaying Yang, Xiangyang Zhang, Xiangrong Zhang, Yong He, Zhijun Zhang
Deficit schizophrenia (DS), characterized by primary and enduring negative symptoms, has been considered as a pathophysiologically distinct schizophrenic subgroup. Neuroimaging characteristics of DS, especially functional brain network architecture, remain largely unknown. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging and graph theory approaches were employed to investigate the topological organization of whole-brain functional networks of 114 male participants including 33 DS, 41 non-deficit schizophrenia (NDS) and 40 healthy controls (HCs)...
July 20, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031122/allocating-effort-and-anticipating-pleasure-in-schizophrenia-relationship-with-real-world-functioning
#2
M Serper, E Payne, C Dill, C Portillo, J Taliercio
BACKGROUND: Poor motivation to engage in goal-oriented behavior has been recognized as a hallmark feature of schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SZ). Low drive in SZ may be related to anticipating rewards as well as to poor working memory. However, few studies to date have examined beliefs about self-efficacy and satisfaction for future rewards (anticipatory pleasure). Additionally, few studies to date have examined how these deficits may impact SZ patients' real world functioning. METHOD: The present study examined SZ patients' (n=57) anticipatory pleasure, working memory, self-efficacy and real world functioning in relation to their negative symptom severity...
August 1, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019301/validation-of-the-gratitude-questionnaire-in-filipino-secondary-school-students
#3
Jana Patricia M Valdez, Weipeng Yang, Jesus Alfonso D Datu
Most studies have assessed the psychometric properties of the Gratitude Questionnaire - Six-Item Form (GQ-6) in the Western contexts while very few research has been generated to explore the applicability of this scale in non-Western settings. To address this gap, the aim of the study was to examine the factorial validity and gender invariance of the Gratitude Questionnaire in the Philippines through a construct validation approach. There were 383 Filipino high school students who participated in the research...
October 11, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017015/a-twelve-week-lifestyle-program-to-improve-cardiometabolic-behavioral-and-psychological-health-in-hispanic-children-and-adolescents
#4
Sami Yli-Piipari, Alison Berg, Emma M Laing, Diane L Hartzell, Kenneth O Parris, Jon Udwadia, Richard D Lewis
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of a 12-week lifestyle program on cardiometabolic, behavioral, and psychological outcomes among overweight Hispanic children and adolescents. DESIGN: A case series study with pre- and post-test analyses. Subjects/Settings/Location: A convenience sample of high-risk pediatric primary care patients (n = 22; 6 girls, 16 boys; M age = 11.73 ± 1.39 years) and their guardians in the Southeast United States. INTERVENTION: Twice per week 60 min (total of 24 h) of moderate-to-vigorous intensity boxing exercise training, 12 h of nutrition education for guardians, and a 30-min pediatrician appointment...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954705/objective-assessment-of-exploratory-behaviour-in-schizophrenia-using-wireless-motion-capture
#5
Ishraq Siddiqui, Gary Remington, Paul J Fletcher, Aristotle N Voineskos, Jason W Fong, Sarah Saperia, Gagan Fervaha, Susana Da Silva, Konstantine K Zakzanis, George Foussias
Motivation deficits are a prominent feature of schizophrenia and have substantial consequences for functional outcome. The impact of amotivation on exploratory behaviour has not been extensively assessed by entirely objective means. This study evaluated deficits in exploratory behaviour in an open-field setting using wireless motion capture. Twenty-one stable adult outpatients with schizophrenia and twenty matched healthy controls completed the Novelty Exploration Task, in which participants explored a novel environment containing familiar and uncommon objects...
September 24, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866985/effects-of-cognitive-remediation-on-negative-symptoms-dimensions-exploring-the-role-of-working-memory
#6
M Cella, D Stahl, S Morris, R S E Keefe, M D Bell, T Wykes
BACKGROUND: Recent theories suggest that poor working memory (WM) may be the cognitive underpinning of negative symptoms in people with schizophrenia. In this study, we first explore the effect of cognitive remediation (CR) on two clusters of negative symptoms (i.e. expressive and social amotivation), and then assess the relevance of WM gains as a possible mediator of symptom improvement. METHOD: Data were accessed for 309 people with schizophrenia from the NIMH Database of Cognitive Training and Remediation Studies and a separate study...
September 4, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776162/treatment-for-negative-symptoms-in-schizophrenia-a-comprehensive-review
#7
REVIEW
Selene R T Veerman, Peter F J Schulte, Lieuwe de Haan
Negative symptoms (such as amotivation and diminished expression) associated with schizophrenia are a major health concern. Adequate treatment would mean important progress with respect to quality of life and participation in society. Distinguishing primary from secondary negative symptoms may inform treatment options. Primary negative symptoms are part of schizophrenia. Well-known sources of secondary negative symptoms are psychotic symptoms, disorganisation, anxiety, depression, chronic abuse of illicit drugs and alcohol, an overly high dosage of antipsychotic medication, social deprivation, lack of stimulation and hospitalisation...
August 3, 2017: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742272/longitudinal-associations-between-exercise-identity-and-exercise-motivation-a-multilevel-growth-curve-model-approach
#8
Nikos Ntoumanis, Andreas Stenling, Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Symeon Vlachopoulos, Magnus Lindwall, Daniel F Gucciardi, Christos Tsakonitis
OBJECTIVES: Past work linking exercise identity and exercise motivation has been cross-sectional. This is the first study to model the relations between different types of exercise identity and exercise motivation longitudinally. Understanding the dynamic associations between these sets of variables has implications for theory development and applied research. DESIGN: Longitudinal survey study. METHODS: Participants were 180 exercisers (79 men, 101 women) from Greece, who were recruited from fitness centres and were asked to complete questionnaires assessing exercise identity (exercise beliefs and role identity) and exercise motivation (intrinsic, identified, introjected, external motivation, and amotivation) three times within a six month period...
July 25, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713522/the-effect-of-motivational-interviewing-based-intervention-using-self-determination-theory-on-promotion-of-physical-activity-among-women-in-reproductive-age-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Seyed Saeed Mazloomy Mahmoodabad, Nooshin Rouhani Tonekaboni, Rabiollah Farmanbar, Hossein Fallahzadeh, Tahereh Kamalikhah
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) prevents chronic diseases. Self-determination theory (SDT) provides a useful framework to understand the nature of motivational interviewing (MI). OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the effect of MI-based intervention using SDT on the promotion of PA among women in reproductive age. METHODS: Seventy women in reproductive age were selected by clustering sampling method for this randomized controlled trial...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713476/the-relationship-between-perceived-coaching-behaviours-motivation-and-self-efficacy-in-wrestlers
#10
İhsan Sarı, Betül Bayazıt
The current study aimed to determine the relationship between perceived coaching behaviours, motivation, self-efficacy and general self-efficacy of wrestlers who competed in the Super National Wrestling League. The sample consisted of 289 wrestlers. The Self-Efficacy Scale was used to measure self-efficacy perception, the Sports Motivation Scale to measure the motivation of the athletes, the Leadership Scale for Sport to determine perceived leadership behaviours, and the General Self-Efficacy Scale to determine the general self-efficacy perceptions of the athletes...
June 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713457/personal-and-social-responsibility-among-athletes-the-role-of-self-determination-achievement-goals-and-engagement
#11
Paulo Martins, António Rosado, Vítor Ferreira, Rui Biscaia
The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between motivation, engagement and personal and social responsibility among athletes. Based on the literature, a survey was conducted including measures of motivation, considering task orientation and ego orientation, intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, and amotivation. We also measured the components of engagement (dedication, confidence, vigor and enthusiasm) and the components of personal and social responsibility. A total of 517 athletes from different types of sports participated in the study...
June 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689673/the-anatomy-of-apathy-a-neurocognitive-framework-for-amotivated-behaviour
#12
C Le Heron, M A J Apps, M Husain
Apathy is a debilitating syndrome associated with many neurological disorders, including several common neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease, and focal lesion syndromes such as stroke. Here, we review neuroimaging studies to identify anatomical correlates of apathy, across brain disorders. Our analysis reveals that apathy is strongly associated with disruption particularly of dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC), ventral striatum (VS) and connected brain regions...
July 8, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671277/a-motivational-interview-promotes-retention-of-blood-donors-with-high-internal-motivation
#13
Christopher R France, Janis L France, Bruce W Carlson, Lina K Himawan, Debra A Kessler, Mark Rebosa, Beth H Shaz, Katrala Madden, Patricia M Carey, P Maxwell Slepian, Brett Ankawi, Irina E Livitz, Kristen R Fox
BACKGROUND: Based on the hypothesis that self-determined motivation is associated with an increased likelihood of future behavior, the present study examined the ability of a motivational interview to promote internal motivation for giving blood and future donation attempts. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A sample of 484 recent whole-blood and double red blood cell donors (62.4% female; age = 30.2 ± 11.8 years) were randomly assigned to either a telephone-delivered motivational interview or a control call approximately 6 weeks after donating...
October 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648915/long-term-course-of-negative-symptom-subdomains-and-relationship-with-outcome-in-patients-with-a-psychotic-disorder
#14
Annemarie P M Stiekema, Md Atiqul Islam, Edith J Liemburg, Stynke Castelein, Edwin R van den Heuvel, Jaap van Weeghel, André Aleman, Richard Bruggeman, Lisette van der Meer
BACKGROUND: The longitudinal course of the negative symptoms subdomains social amotivation (SA) and expressive deficits (ED) remains largely unknown. We investigated i) the longitudinal course of SA and ED subdomain scores, ii) whether subgroups based on the course of SA and ED subdomain scores could be identified, iii) whether baseline SA and ED subdomain scores were related to functioning and quality of life six years later and iv) the longitudinal relationship between subgroups and outcomes...
June 22, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643884/learning-climate-and-feedback-as-predictors-of-dental-students-self-determined-motivation-the-mediating-role-of-basic-psychological-needs-satisfaction
#15
C Orsini, V Binnie, S Wilson, M J Villegas
AIM: The aim of this study was to test the mediating role of the satisfaction of dental students' basic psychological needs of autonomy, competence and relatedness on the association between learning climate, feedback and student motivation. The latter was based on the self-determination theory's concepts of differentiation of autonomous motivation, controlled motivation and amotivation. METHODS: A cross-sectional correlational study was conducted where 924 students completed self-reported questionnaires measuring motivation, perception of the learning climate, feedback and basic psychological needs satisfaction...
June 23, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637219/preventing-occupational-injury-among-police-officers-does-motivation-matter
#16
D K C Chan, D Webb, R M Ryan, T C W Tang, S X Yang, N Ntoumanis, M S Hagger
Background: Injury prevention is an important issue for police officers, but the effectiveness of prevention initiatives is dependent on officers' motivation toward, and adherence to, recommended health and safety guidelines. Aims: To understand effects of police officers' motivation to prevent occupational injury on beliefs about safety and adherence to injury prevention behaviours. Methods: Full-time police officers completed a survey comprising validated psychometric scales to assess autonomous, controlled and amotivated forms of motivation (Treatment Self-Regulation Questionnaire), behavioural adherence (Self-reported Treatment Adherence Scale) and beliefs (Safety Attitude Questionnaire) with respect to injury prevention behaviours...
August 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620722/testing-the-amotivational-syndrome-marijuana-use-longitudinally-predicts-lower-self-efficacy-even-after-controlling-for-demographics-personality-and-alcohol-and-cigarette-use
#17
Andrew Lac, Jeremy W Luk
The marijuana amotivational syndrome posits that cannabis use fosters apathy through the depletion of motivation-based constructs such as self-efficacy. The current study pursued a two-round design to rule out concomitant risk factors responsible for the connection from marijuana intake to lower general self-efficacy. College students (N = 505) completed measures of marijuana use, demographics (age, gender, and race), personality (extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, openness, and neuroticism), other substance use (alcohol and tobacco), and general self-efficacy (initiative, effort, and persistence) in two assessments separated by a month...
June 16, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540411/negative-symptoms-anxiety-and-depression-as-mechanisms-of-change-of-a-12-month-trial-of-assertive-community-treatment-as-part-of-integrated-care-in-patients-with-first-and-multi-episode-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-access-i-trial
#18
Stefanie J Schmidt, Matthias Lange, Daniel Schöttle, Anne Karow, Benno G Schimmelmann, Martin Lambert
Assertive community treatment (ACT) has shown to be effective in improving both functional deficits and quality of life (QoL) in patients with severe mental illness. However, the mechanisms of this beneficial effect remained unclear. We examined mechanisms of change by testing potential mediators including two subdomains of negative symptoms, i.e. social amotivation as well as expressive negative symptoms, anxiety, and depression within a therapeutic ACT model (ACCESS I trial) in a sample of 120 first- and multi-episode patients with a schizophrenia spectrum disorder (DSM-IV)...
May 24, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516733/the-interactive-role-of-eating-regulation-and-stress-in-the-prediction-of-weight-related-outcomes-among-college-students
#19
Dilbur D Arsiwalla, Amanda W Arnold, Karla P Teel, Pamela V Ulrich, Sareen S Gropper
The interactive role of eating regulation and perceived stress on weight-related outcomes was examined among 319 sophomore year college students (110 males and 209 females). Moderated regressions were used to examine interactions between stress and eating regulation on study outcomes including body mass index (BMI) and body fat. Eating regulation moderated associations between stress and BMI and body fat outcomes. Students reporting high perceived stress, high autonomous eating regulation, low controlled regulation, and low amotivation exhibited higher outcomes (BMI and body fat) than those with similar eating regulation but lower perceived stress...
May 18, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515563/secondary-eating-disorder-a-reality-case-report-of-post-brain-injury-sequelae
#20
Aparna Das, Deeksha Elwadhi, Manushree Gupta
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can lead to changes in eating behavior patterns. This report describes the case of a patient with alcohol dependence presenting with behavioral changes and eating disorder following frontal lobe trauma. A 42-year-old male, premorbidly well-adjusted presented with alcohol use in dependent pattern for years. He sustained a subdural hematoma in the frontal lobe following a road traffic accident 10 years back. Post-TBI, the patient, started having low frustration tolerance, aggressive outbursts, disinhibition, difficulty in persisting with tasks, apathy, amotivation, and craving for food with inability to control intake on the sight of food...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
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