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Amotivation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087303/activity-levels-and-exercise-motivation-in-copd-patients-and-their-resident-loved-ones
#1
Rafael Mesquita, Nienke Nakken, Daisy J A Janssen, Esther H A van den Bogaart, Jeannet M L Delbressine, Johannes M N Essers, Kenneth Meijer, Monique van Vliet, Geeuwke J de Vries, Jean W M Muris, Fabio Pitta, Emiel F M Wouters, Martijn A Spruit
BACKGROUND: Resident loved ones of patients with COPD can play an important role in helping patients to engage in physical activity. We aimed to compare activity levels and exercise motivation between COPD patients and their resident loved ones; to compare the same outcome measures in patients after stratification for the physical activity level of the loved ones; and to predict the likelihood of being physically active in patients with a physically active resident loved one. METHODS: 125 patient-loved one dyads were cross-sectionally and simultaneously assessed...
January 10, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049079/prediction-of-motivational-impairment-12-month-follow-up-of-the-randomized-controlled-trial-on-extended-early-intervention-for-first-episode-psychosis
#2
W C Chang, V W Y Kwong, G H K Chan, O T T Jim, E S K Lau, C L M Hui, S K W Chan, E H M Lee, E Y H Chen
BACKGROUND: Amotivation is prevalent in first-episode psychosis (FEP) patients and is a major determinant of functional outcome. Prediction of amotivation in the early stage of psychosis, however, is under-studied. We aimed to prospectively examine predictors of amotivation in FEP patients in a randomized-controlled trial comparing a 1-year extension of early intervention (Extended EI, 3-year EI) with step-down psychiatric care (SC, 2-year EI). METHODS: One hundred sixty Chinese patents were recruited from a specialized EI program for FEP in Hong Kong after they have completed this 2-year EI service, randomly allocated to Extended EI or SC, and followed up for 12 months...
December 29, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031771/a-comparison-of-physical-education-students-motivation-using-polish-and-turkish-versions-of-the-academic-motivation-scale
#3
Agnieszka Ardeńska, Rajmund Tomik, Serkan Berber, Burak Düz, Barış Çivak, Uğur Çalişkan, Joanna Ogrodnik
Motivation is an important phenomenon in the realm of education, particularly in the university fields connected with physical education and sport, where it is necessary to accommodate and balance intellectual abilities and physical fitness. The present study tested motivation levels among university students in the fields connected with physical education and sport in Poland and Turkey. It was based on the Self-Determination Theory (Deci and Ryan, 1985), namely intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation and amotivation which impact human behaviour...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933031/exhaustion-experiences-in-junior-athletes-the-importance-of-motivation-and-self-control-competencies
#4
Gro Jordalen, Pierre-Nicolas Lemyre, Natalie Durand-Bush
Quality of motivation, self-control competencies, as well as past performance experience influence sport participation outcomes in developing athletes. Studies have shown that junior athletes high in self-determined motivation are less prone to experience burnout, while self-control competencies help developing athletes to be conscious and deliberate in their self-regulatory efforts toward elite sport performances and avoid negative sport participation outcomes. Combining the self-determination theory framework and psychosocial theories of self-regulation, the aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine how various types of motivation and self-control competencies together are associated with the development of burnout symptoms in junior athletes...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911015/depression-with-inflammation-longitudinal-analysis-of-a-proposed-depressive-subtype-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#5
Damien Gallagher, Alex Kiss, Krista Lanctot, Nathan Herrmann
OBJECTIVE: It has been proposed that inflammation may be causally related to depression. If this is the case, it may be possible to distinguish an inflammatory depressive subtype according to illness course, pattern of co-morbidity and symptom profile. METHODS: Eight hundred and eleven community dwelling older adults with depression (8 item Center for Epidemiologic Studies scale ≥ 4) from the English Longitudinal study of Ageing (ELSA) were followed for a median of 47 months...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910118/motivational-factors-associated-with-physical-activity-and-quality-of-life-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#6
Anders Farholm, Marit Sørensen, Hallgeir Halvari
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing interest for investigating the role of motivation in physical activity among people with severe mental illness (SMI). Autonomous motivation has been suggested to have a potentially important role in adoption and maintenance of physical activity. However, the knowledge about factors that facilitate autonomous motivation among people with SMI is scarce. AIM: The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with motivation for physical activity as well as the relationships between motivation, physical activity and health-related quality of life in individuals with SMI that were currently physically active...
December 2, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869058/relationship-of-amotivation-to-neurocognition-self-efficacy-and-functioning-in-first-episode-psychosis-a-structural-equation-modeling-approach
#7
W C Chang, V W Y Kwong, C L M Hui, S K W Chan, E H M Lee, E Y H Chen
BACKGROUND: Better understanding of the complex interplay among key determinants of functional outcome is crucial to promoting recovery in psychotic disorders. However, this is understudied in the early course of illness. We aimed to examine the relationships among negative symptoms, neurocognition, general self-efficacy and global functioning in first-episode psychosis (FEP) patients using structural equation modeling (SEM). METHOD: Three hundred and twenty-one Chinese patients aged 26-55 years presenting with FEP to an early intervention program in Hong Kong were recruited...
November 21, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802910/effects-of-the-indianapolis-vocational-intervention-program-ivip-on-defeatist-beliefs-work-motivation-and-work-outcomes-in-serious-mental-illness
#8
Joshua E Mervis, Joanna M Fiszdon, Paul H Lysaker, Tasha M Nienow, Laura Mathews, Patricia Wardwell, Tammy Petrik, Warren Thime, Jimmy Choi
Defeatist beliefs and amotivation are prominent obstacles in vocational rehabilitation for people with serious mental illnesses (SMI). The CBT-based Indianapolis Vocational Intervention Program (IVIP) was specifically designed to reduce defeatist beliefs related to work functioning. In the current study, we examined the impact of IVIP on defeatist beliefs and motivation for work, hypothesizing that IVIP would be associated with a reduction in defeatist beliefs and greater motivation for work. We also examined the effects of IVIP on these variables as well as work outcomes during a 12-month follow-up...
October 29, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788457/understanding-and-treating-amotivation-in-people-with-psychosis-an-experimental-study-of-the-role-of-guided-imagery
#9
Charlotte Cox, Suzanne Jolley, Louise Johns
Psychological models propose that the amotivational negative symptoms (ANS) of psychosis are influenced by expectations of future events; both anticipatory success (believing one can achieve something, AS) and anticipatory pleasure (mentally pre-creating potential future experiences of enjoyment, AP). Mental imagery manipulations have been shown to change expectations across a range of settings, and may therefore enhance psychological interventions for ANS in people with psychosis. We set out to investigate the impact of a guided imagery manipulation on AS and AP in this group...
December 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762186/future-achievements-passion-and-motivation-in-the-transition-from-junior-to-senior-sport-in-spanish-young-elite-soccer-players
#10
José L Chamorro, Miquel Torregrosa, David Sánchez Oliva, Tomás García Calvo, Benito León
Within the context of the transition from junior-to-senior sport, this study aims in first place to explore differences in young Spanish elite soccer players based on the importance given to getting different achievements in their future (including sport, studies and private life) and, in second place, to explore differences among those players in levels of passion, motivation and basic psychological need. 478 elite youth soccer filled out a questionnaire based on the presented theoretical models. A cluster analysis shows a sport oriented group (N = 98) only interested in becoming a professional, a life spheres balance group (N = 288) characterized by balancing the importance of achievements in the sport sphere, as well as in education and a private life and a group (N = 91) only interested in private life achievements...
October 20, 2016: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732031/attentional-processing-of-emotional-faces-in-schizophrenia-evidence-from-eye-tracking
#11
Seon-Kyeong Jang, Sujin Kim, Chai-Youn Kim, Hyeon-Seung Lee, Kee-Hong Choi
Severe emotional disturbances such as anxiety and depression have been closely related to aberrant attentional processing of emotional stimuli. However, this has been little studied in schizophrenia, which is also characterized by marked emotional impairments such as heightened negative affect and anhedonia. In the current study, we investigated temporal dynamics of motivated attention to emotional stimuli in schizophrenia. For this purpose, we tracked eye movements of 22 individuals with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder (ISZs) and 19 healthy controls (HCs) to emotional (i...
October 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696337/the-psycho-neurology-of-cross-species-affective-social-neuroscience-understanding-animal-affective-states-as-a-guide-to-development-of-novel-psychiatric-treatments
#12
Jaak Panksepp
During the past half century of research with preclinical animal models, affective neuroscience has helped identify and illuminate the functional neuroanatomies and neurochemistries of seven primary process, i.e., genetically provided emotional systems of mammalian brains. All are subcortically localized, allowing animal models to guide the needed behavioral and neuroscientific analyses at levels of detail that cannot be achieved through human research, including modern brain imaging. They consist of the following neuronal processes: SEEKING/Enthusiasm, RAGE/Anger, FEAR/Anxiety, sexual LUST/Passion, maternal CARE/Nurturance, separation-distress PANIC/Grief and PLAY/Social Joy...
October 2, 2016: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693850/selective-amotivation-deficits-following-chronic-psychosocial-stress-in-mice
#13
Alejandro Tsai Cabal, Horea-Ioan Ioanas, Erich Seifritz, Bechara J Saab
Amotivation is a major symptom of several psychiatric disorders. However, which specific motivations are most affected in various illnesses is not well understood. In major depressive disorder (MDD), anecdotal evidence suggests the motivation to explore may be especially affected, but direct evidence from either patients or animal models is lacking. To investigate the potential for, and nature of, exploratory drive deficits in MDD, we subjected mice to a chronic social defeat (CSD) manipulation that gives rise to a MDD-like behavioural ensemble, and performed a behavioural battery to examine bodyweight homeostasis, ambulation, anxiety, exploratory behaviour motivated by either novelty or fear, and short-term memory...
September 28, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605868/treatment-resistant-depression-or-dementia-a-case-report
#14
Zhongyong Shi, Shifu Xiao, Xia Li
The current case describes a 78-year-old female with two previous episodes of major depression who presented with both symptoms of depression (amotivation and flattened affect) and typical symptoms of dementia (impaired memory and executive functioning). Even after a detailed clinical exam and neuropsychiatric testing, it remained difficult to definitively classify the diagnosis as either treatment-resistant depression or old-age dementia. After 8 weeks of inpatient treatment, including changing her reserpine-based antihypertensive medication, adjusting her antidepressants, and providing psychotherapy, her depressive and anxiety symptoms improved, but most of her cognitive symptoms persisted...
April 25, 2016: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594592/is-autonomous-motivation-the-key-to-maintaining-an-active-lifestyle-in-first-episode-psychosis
#15
Davy Vancampfort, Marc De Hert, Julie Broderick, Oscar Lederman, Joseph Firth, Simon Rosenbaum, Michel Probst
AIM: Physical activity has the potential to improve the health of patients with first-episode psychosis (FEP), yet many patients with FEP remain inactive. Exploring the theoretical basis of the motivational processes linked to the adoption and maintenance of physical activity behaviours in FEP patients can assist with the design and delivery of physical activity interventions. Within the self-determination theory and the transtheoretical model (stages of change) frameworks, we investigated motives for physical activity adoption and maintenance in FEP...
September 4, 2016: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585792/acute-and-chronic-effects-of-cannabinoids-on-effort-related-decision-making-and-reward-learning-an-evaluation-of-the-cannabis-amotivational-hypotheses
#16
Will Lawn, Tom P Freeman, Rebecca A Pope, Alyssa Joye, Lisa Harvey, Chandni Hindocha, Claire Mokrysz, Abigail Moss, Matthew B Wall, Michael Ap Bloomfield, Ravi K Das, Celia Ja Morgan, David J Nutt, H Valerie Curran
RATIONALE: Anecdotally, both acute and chronic cannabis use have been associated with apathy, amotivation, and other reward processing deficits. To date, empirical support for these effects is limited, and no previous studies have assessed both acute effects of Δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), as well as associations with cannabis dependence. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were (1) to examine acute effects of cannabis with CBD (Cann + CBD) and without CBD (Cann-CBD) on effort-related decision-making and (2) to examine associations between cannabis dependence, effort-related decision-making and reward learning...
October 2016: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557949/lack-of-association-between-dopaminergic-antagonism-and-negative-symptoms-in-schizophrenia-a-positron-emission-tomography-dopamine-d2-3-receptor-occupancy-study
#17
Gagan Fervaha, Fernando Caravaggio, David C Mamo, Benoit H Mulsant, Bruce G Pollock, Shinichiro Nakajima, Philip Gerretsen, Tarek K Rajji, Wanna Mar, Yusuke Iwata, Eric Plitman, Jun Ku Chung, Gary Remington, Ariel Graff-Guerrero
RATIONALE: Several pre-clinical studies suggest that antipsychotic medications cause secondary negative symptoms. However, direct evidence for a relationship among antipsychotic medications, their direct effects on neurotransmitter systems, and negative symptoms in schizophrenia remains controversial. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between antipsychotic-related dopamine D2/3 receptor occupancy and negative symptoms in patients with schizophrenia...
October 2016: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27479101/predictors-of-improved-functioning-in-patients-with-psychosis-the-role-of-amotivation-and-defeatist-performance-beliefs
#18
Matthias Pillny, Tania M Lincoln
Defeatist performance beliefs (DPBs) are associated with the severe impairments in functioning of patients with negative symptoms of schizophrenia. This association has been found to be mediated by amotivation, a core aspect of negative symptoms. Although causality is assumed, longitudinal evidence for this is lacking. The current study aimed to extend previous findings by investigating both cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between DPBs, motivational impairments and functioning in a sample of patients with psychotic disorders (N=58)...
October 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473462/overcoming-barriers-adolescents-experiences-using-a-mobile-phone-dietary-assessment-app
#19
Åsa Svensson, Maria Magnusson, Christel Larsson
BACKGROUND: The use of new technology has the potential to increase participation rates in dietary studies and improve the validity of collected dietary data. However, to evaluate the usability of developed dietary methods, qualitative studies of participants' experiences and perceptions are needed. OBJECTIVE: To explore adolescents' experiences using a newly developed mobile phone dietary assessment app, with a focus on factors that could affect their recording of dietary intake...
2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385730/a-teacher-focused-intervention-to-decrease-pe-students-amotivation-by-increasing-need-satisfaction-and-decreasing-need-frustration
#20
Sung Hyeon Cheon, Johnmarshall Reeve, Yong-Gwan Song
Intervention-induced gains in need satisfaction decrease PE students' amotivation. The present study adopted a dual-process model to test whether an intervention could also decrease need frustration and hence provide a second supplemental source to further decrease students' PE amotivation. Using an experimental, longitudinal research design, 19 experienced PE teachers (9 experimental, 10 control) and their 1,017 students participated in an intervention program to help teachers become both more autonomy supportive and less controlling...
June 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
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