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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753998/use-of-high-speed-stereo-radiography-to-assess-the-foot-orthoses-effectiveness-in-controlling-midfoot-posture-during-walking-a-pilot-study
#1
Erin M Mannen, Stuart J Currie, Elizabeth C Bachman, Amira Otmane, Bradley S Davidson, Kevin B Shelburne, Thomas G McPoil
BACKGROUND: The intent of this pilot study was to determine the feasibility of using high-speed stereo radiography (HSSR) to assess the effectiveness of footwear and foot orthoses in controlling the change in the position of the midfoot during walking in individuals with a flexible pes planus foot type. METHODS: Four individuals (1 female; 3 male) with a mean age of 25 years (range 22-29) and a bilateral flexible pes planus foot type participated in the study. The HSSR system was used to measure 3-dimensional changes in the longitudinal arch angle (LAA) with each participant walking barefoot, shoe only and shoes with orthoses...
January 31, 2018: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709656/surgical-treatment-of-idiopathic-pes-planovalgus-in-paediatric-patients
#2
REVIEW
Camille Thévenin-Lemoine, Néjib Khouri
Idiopathic pes planus is common and usually physiologic. Decompensation, when it occurs, may be obvious or on the contrary difficult to identify, raising challenges in patient selection for surgical treatment. The physical examination of a child with pes planus must include an evaluation in the supine position, which helps to adjust the amount of correction during surgery. The many reported surgical procedures include repositioning (talus-reseating, subtalar implants, and calcaneo-stop screw), osteotomies, and joint fusions...
April 27, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682429/when-why-and-how-foot-orthoses-fos-should-be-prescribed-for-children-with-flexible-pes-planus-a-delphi-survey-of-podiatrists
#3
Sindhrani Dars, Hayley Uden, Saravana Kumar, Helen A Banwell
Background: Flexible pes planus (flat feet) in children is a common reason parents and caregivers seek health professionals consult and a frequent reason podiatrists prescribe foot orthoses. Yet no universal agreement exists on the diagnosis of this condition, or when and how foot orthoses should be prescribed. The aim of this study was to garner consensus and agreement among podiatrists on the use of FOs for paediatric flexible pes planus. Methods: A three round Delphi consensus survey was undertaken with 15 podiatry experts from Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601967/tarsal-coalition-in-paediatric-patients
#4
REVIEW
P-L Docquier, P Maldaque, M Bouchard
Tarsal coalition is due to failure of segmentation between two or more foot bones during embryological development at a site where the joint cleft fails to develop. Depending on the nature of the tissue connecting the bones, the abnormality is a syndesmosis, synchondrosis, or synostosis. Although the coalition exists at birth, synostosis usually develops only late during growth. Talo-calcaneal and calcaneo-navicular coalitions account for over 90% of all cases of tarsal coalition. The joint at the site of the coalition is stiff...
March 27, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573666/foot-posture-is-associated-with-plantar-pressure-during-gait-a-comparison-of-normal-planus-and-cavus-feet
#5
Andrew K Buldt, Saeed Forghany, Karl B Landorf, Pazit Levinger, George S Murley, Hylton B Menz
BACKGROUND: Variations in foot posture, such as pes planus (low medial longitudinal arch) or pes cavus (high medial longitudinal arch) are associated with some lower limb injuries. However, the mechanism that links foot posture to injury is not clear. Research question The aim of this study was to compare plantar pressure between healthy individuals with normal, planus or cavus feet. METHODS: Ninety-two healthy volunteers (aged 18 to 45) were classified as either normal (n = 35), pes planus (n = 31) or pes cavus (n = 26) based on the Foot Posture Index, Arch Index and normalised navicular height truncated...
March 5, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519163/ultrasonography-and-clinical-examination-of-knee-injuries-in-pre-and-post-menarche-dancers
#6
Nili Steinberg, Myriam Stern, Shay Tenenbaum, Alexander Blankstein, Aviva Zeev, Itzhak Siev-Ner
This study aimed at evaluating whether the prevalence of knee injuries and morphological features are different among pre-and-post menarche dancers; Sixty-seven pre-and-post menarche dancers were screened for anthropometric parameters; knee laxity; patella femoral pain syndrome (PFPS), pathologies and anatomical structure of the knees. Both groups showed a high and similar prevalence of PFPS. The post-menarche dancers produced a significantly higher rate of Tanner stages 3-4 (p = .010), greater weight (p < ...
March 8, 2018: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509638/the-immediate-effect-of-foot-orthoses-on-subtalar-joint-mechanics-and-energetics
#7
Jayishni N Maharaj, Andrew G Cresswell, Glen A Lichtwark
PURPOSE: Foot orthoses maybe used in the management of musculoskeletal disorders related to abnormal subtalar joint (STJ) pronation. However, the precise mechanical benefits of foot orthoses for preventing injuries associated with the STJ are not well understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the immediate effect of foot orthoses on the energy absorption requirements of the STJ and subsequently tibialis posterior (TP) muscle function. METHODS: Eighteen asymptomatic subjects with a pes planus foot posture were prescribed custom-made foot orthoses made from a plaster cast impression...
March 5, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454275/long-term-follow-up-of-patients-undergoing-tibialis-posterior-transfer-is-acquired-pes-planus-a-complication
#8
Mira Pecheva, Adam Devany, Basil Nourallah, Steven Cutts, Chandra Pasapula
In this retrospective study, a series of 10 elective patients treated with transfer of the tibialis posterior (TP) tendon for pes cavus and drop foot are described. Since TP transfer completely subtracts the role of this tendon, this cohort of patients provides an opportunity to examine the consequences of tibialis posterior (TP) deficiency. After a mean follow up period of 44.7 months, only one patient showed evidence of strain in the spring ligament but none of the patients in this series developed clinical or radiological evidence of planovalgus deformity...
March 2018: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451921/the-effectiveness-of-non-surgical-intervention-foot-orthoses-for-paediatric-flexible-pes-planus-a-systematic-review-update
#9
Sindhrani Dars, Hayley Uden, Helen A Banwell, Saravana Kumar
BACKGROUND: Flexible pes planus (flat feet) in children is a common presenting condition in clinical practice due to concerns amongst parents and caregivers. While Foot Orthoses (FOs) are a popular intervention, their effectiveness remains unclear. Thus, the aim of this systematic review was to update the current evidence base for the effectiveness of FOs for paediatric flexible pes planus. METHODS: A systematic search of electronic databases (Cochrane, Medline, AMED, EMBASE, CINHAL, SportDiscus, Scopus and PEDro) was conducted from January 2011 to July 2017...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413791/contributions-of-foot-muscles-and-plantar-fascia-morphology-to-foot-posture
#10
Salih Angin, Karen J Mickle, Christopher J Nester
BACKGROUND: The plantar foot muscles and plantar fascia differ between different foot postures. However, how each individual plantar structure contribute to foot posture has not been explored. The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations between static foot posture and morphology of plantar foot muscles and plantar fascia and thus the contributions of these structures to static foot posture. METHODS: A total of 111 participants were recruited, 43 were classified as having pes planus and 68 as having normal foot posture using Foot Posture Index assessment tool...
March 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381041/foot-and-ankle-conditions-pes-planus
#11
Charlie Michaudet, Katherine M Edenfield, Guy W Nicolette, Peter J Carek
Pes planus or pes planovalgus (ie, flatfoot) is a common condition among young children and also is encountered in adults. In children, congenital pes planus typically resolves with age as the foot musculature strengthens. Flexible pes planus is defined as a normal arch during non-weight-bearing activity or tiptoeing, with a flattening arch on standing. In rigid pes planus, the arch remains stiff and collapsed with or without weight bearing. Patients with rigid pes planus should be referred for subspecialist treatment...
February 2018: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350460/three-generation-family-with-novel-contiguous-gene-deletion-on-chromosome-2p22-associated-with-thoracic-aortic-aneurysm-syndrome
#12
Bianca Quiñones-Pérez, Grace E VanNoy, Meghan C Towne, Yiping Shen, Michael N Singh, Pankaj B Agrawal, Sharon E Smith
Latent transforming growth factor binding proteins (LTBP) are a family of extracellular matrix glycoproteins that play an important role in the regulation of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-ß) activation. Dysregulation of the TGF-ß pathway has been implicated in the pathogenesis of inherited disorders predisposing to thoracic aortic aneurysms syndromes (TAAS) including Marfan syndrome (MFS; FBN1) and Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS; TGFBR1, TGFBR2, TGFB2, TGFB3, SMAD2, SMAD3). While these syndromes have distinct clinical criteria, they share clinical features including aortic root dilation and musculoskeletal findings...
March 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320937/radiographic-measurements-associated-with-the-natural-progression-of-the-hallux-valgus-during-at-least-2-years-of-follow-up
#13
Seung Yeol Lee, Chin Youb Chung, Moon Seok Park, Ki Hyuk Sung, Sonya Ahmed, Seungbum Koo, Dong-Wan Kang, Kyoung Min Lee
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the radiographic measurements associated with the progression of hallux valgus during at least 2 years of follow-up. METHODS: Seventy adult patients with hallux valgus who were followed for at least 2 years and underwent weightbearing foot radiography were included. Radiographic measurements included the hallux valgus angle (HVA), hallux interphalangeal angle, intermetatarsal angle (IMA), metatarsus adductus angle, distal metatarsal articular angle (DMAA), tibial sesamoid position, anteroposterior (AP) talo-first metatarsal angle, and lateral talo-first metatarsal angle...
April 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303366/current-clinical-radiological-and-treatment-perspectives-of-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome
#14
Aishwarya Gulati, Christopher McElrath, Vibhor Wadhwa, Jay P Shah, Avneesh Chhabra
Anterior knee pain in active young adults is commonly related to patellofemoral pain syndrome, which can be broadly classified into patellar malalignment and patellar maltracking. Imaging is performed to further elucidate the exact malalignment and maltracking abnormalities and exclude other differentials. This article details the role of the stabilizers of the patellofemoral joint, findings on conventional and multimodality imaging aiding in patellofemoral pain syndrome diagnosis and characterization, and current perspectives of various treatment approaches...
January 22, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247970/comprehensive-biomechanical-characterization-of-feet-in-usma-cadets-comparison-across-race-gender-arch-flexibility-and-foot-types
#15
Jinsup Song, Kersti Choe, Michael Neary, Rebecca A Zifchock, Kenneth L Cameron, Michael Trepa, Marian T Hannan, Howard Hillstrom
Lower extremity musculoskeletal injuries are common, complex, and costly problems. Literature supports associations between static foot structure and dynamic foot function, as well as between overuse injury and demographic characteristics. Previous studies failed to provide a comprehensive biomechanical foot characteristics of at-risk military personnel. In this study, foot structure, function, and arch height flexibility (AHF) were objectively measured in 1090 incoming cadets (16.3% female, mean age of 18...
February 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209412/minor-physical-anomalies-in-neurodevelopmental-disorders-a-twin-study
#16
Lynnea Myers, Britt-Marie Anderlid, Ann Nordgren, Charlotte Willfors, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Kristiina Tammimies, Sven Bölte
Background: Minor physical anomalies (MPAs) are subtle anatomical deviations in one's appearance and may suggest altered embryogenesis. MPAs have been shown to be more common in neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) compared with typical development. Still, further studies are needed on MPAs in NDDs, especially using twins to adjust for confounding familial factors. Methods: Clinical assessments were conducted on 116 twins (61 NDD, 55 controls) from 51 monozygotic and 7 dizygotic pairs to examine MPAs and their association with DSM-5 defined NDDs...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207819/effect-of-rocker-soled-shoe-design-on-walking-economy-in-females-with-pes-planus
#17
Manvi Dhyani, Deepika Singla, Irshad Ahmad, M Ejaz Hussain, Kamran Ali, Shalini Verma
Introduction: The energy cost is increased during walking in pes planus condition whereas, energy cost during walking using rocker bottom shoes is debatable. Aim: To determine the walking economy with rocker soled shoes, when compared with bare feet walking in females with pes planus over treadmill. Materials and Methods: Seventeen collegiate flat footed females aged 18-25 years were recruited in accordance with inclusion and exclusion criteria...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182114/assessment-of-the-medial-longitudinal-arch-in-children-with-flexible-pes-planus-by-plantar-pressure-mapping
#18
E M Elmoatasem, M A Eid
INTRODUCTION: Plantar Pressure mapping was introduced as a new modality for assessment of the height of the medial longitudinal arch of the foot. Therefore, the aim of this study is to correlate the plantar pressure mapping readings of arch index contact force ratio (AICFR) in children with flexible pes planus with radiographic measurements and static plantar footprints in order to determine the reliability of pressure mapping as a modality for the assessment and follow up of the flat foot deformity...
December 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144991/finite-element-simulation-on-posterior-tibial-tendinopathy-load-transfer-alteration-and-implications-to-the-onset-of-pes-planus
#19
Duo Wai-Chi Wong, Yan Wang, Aaron Kam-Lun Leung, Ming Yang, Ming Zhang
BACKGROUND: Posterior tibial tendinopathy is a challenging foot condition resulting in pes planus, which is difficult to diagnose in the early stage. Prior to the deformity, abnormal internal load transfer and soft tissue attenuation are anticipated. The objective of this study was to investigate the internal load transfer and strain of the ligaments with posterior tibial tendinopathy, and the implications to pes planus and other deformities. METHODS: A three-dimensional finite element model of the foot and ankle was reconstructed from magnetic resonance images of a 28-year-old normal female...
January 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130734/the-rare-lateral-cuneo-cuboid-coalition-a-case-report
#20
Kevin Renner, Eric So, Amanda Quisno, Daniel Logan
BACKGROUND: Tarsal coalitions typically occur at the talocalcaneal or calcaneonavicular joints. Common findings are pain, limited range of motion, and a pes planus deformity. METHODS: The focus of this case report will include the presentation, imaging, treatment, and outcomes for a 21-year-old female diagnosed with a rare lateral cuneo-cuboid coalition with chronic pain. Clinical and radiographic examinations, typically utilized to diagnose the common coalition, were unremarkable...
November 13, 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
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