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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503539/differences-in-pes-planus-and-pes-cavus-subtalar-eversion-inversion-before-and-after-prolonged-running-using-a-two-dimensional-digital-analysis
#1
Charlotte Sinclair, Ulla Svantesson, Rita Sjöström, Marie Alricsson
In sports, there is a constant discussion about the hyper-pronation and supination of the foot during loading and its relation to injuries or discomfort. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the possible differences in the subtalar joint in the midstance phase of running, between individuals with Pes Planus and Pes Cavus, after 5 min and 45 min of running. Thirty-four subjects, meeting the requirements for Pes Planus (30 feet) and Pes Cavus (35 feet), according to the criteria for Medial Longitudinal Arch-angle, were included in the study...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502349/total-ankle-replacement-in-the-presence-of-talar-varus-or-valgus-deformities
#2
REVIEW
Andrew Dodd, Timothy R Daniels
Patients presenting with end-stage ankle arthritis with coronal plane talar deformities have a variety of complex multidirectional deformities that require careful preoperative assessment and a clear understanding of the pathophysiology. Surgeons managing these patients with total ankle arthroplasty need to be familiar with extra-articular and intra-articular surgical methods to correct pes planus and pes cavus deformities, including bony procedures and soft tissue procedures. Performing these procedures in 1 or 2 stages depends on surgeon preference and the severity of the deformities...
June 2017: Foot and Ankle Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476392/gastrocnemius-recession-leads-to-increased-ankle-motion-and-improved-patient-satisfaction-after-2-years-of-follow-up
#3
Julia Alessandra Holtmann, Norbert P Südkamp, Hagen Schmal, Alexander T Mehlhorn
The isolated gastrocnemius contracture present in neurologic healthy patients results in a significant limitation of ankle dorsiflexion causing pathologic gait patterns and a greater risk of further foot disorders. Gastrocnemius recession is an established procedure to increase ankle dorsiflexion. However, little evidence is available of the use of gastrocnemius recession in these patients. Complication rates, recurrence of gastrocnemius contracture, and the prevalence of additional foot disorders needs further evaluation...
May 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442527/a-novel-fibrillin-1-gene-mutation-leading-to-marfan-syndrome-in-a-korean-girl
#4
Hyo-Kyoung Nam, Myung-Hyun Nam, Kee-Soo Ha, Young-Jun Rhie, Kee-Hyoung Lee
Marfan syndrome is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder caused by a connective tissue defect. A nine-year-old girl was referred to our pediatric endocrinology clinic for tall stature. Physical examination revealed a lens dislocation with strabismus, high palate, positive wrist and thumb signs, joint hypermobility, and pes planus. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed dilatation of the aortic root. She was diagnosed with Marfan syndrome based on the revised Ghent diagnostic criteria. Molecular investigation identified a heterozygous c...
March 2017: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222170/biomechanical-investigation-of-two-plating-systems-for-medial-column-fusion-in-foot
#5
Paul Simons, Theresia Sommerer, Ivan Zderic, Dieter Wahl, Mark Lenz, Hristo Skulev, Matthias Knobe, Boyko Gueorguiev, R Geoff Richards, Kajetan Klos
BACKGROUND: Arthrodesis of the medial column (navicular, cuneiform I and metatarsal I) is performed for reasons such as Charcot arthropathy, arthritis, posttraumatic reconstruction or severe pes planus. However, the complication rate is still high and mainly resulting from inadequate fixation. Special plates, designed for medial column arthrodesis, seem to offer potential to reduce the complication rate. The aim of this study was to investigate biomechanically plantar and dorsomedial fusion of the medial column using two new plating systems...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176606/surgical-correction-of-hallux-valgus-complicated-with-adult-type-pes-plano-valgus
#6
Jun Young Choi, Hyeong Hwa Yoon, Yu Min Suh, Jin Soo Suh
PURPOSE: To investigate the efficiency of simultaneous correction of moderate to severe hallux valgus deformity and adult-type pes planus. METHODS: Twenty cases of moderate to severe hallux valgus complicated with adult-type pes planus in 19 consecutive patients (15 (79%) women, 4 (11%) men; mean age: 44.50 ± 17.13 years, mean follow-up duration: 31.30 ± 17.02 months) were included. Medial calcaneal sliding osteotomy was performed to correct hindfoot valgus, whereas treatments of hallux valgus were case dependent...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894834/a-podoscopic-and-descriptive-study-of-foot-deformities-in-patients-with-down-syndrome
#7
E Mansour, J J Yaacoub, Z Bakouny, A Assi, I Ghanem
INTRODUCTION: Subjects with Down syndrome (DS) are known to be affected by various foot deformities. Despite the fact that some of these deformities have been reported in the literature, a more comprehensive description would be of benefit. The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence of known foot deformities in patients with DS and of other previously non-described foot anomalies in this population. HYPOTHESIS: Subjects with DS have an increased prevalence of foot deformities compared to control subjects...
November 25, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858680/comparing-the-efficacy-of-exercise-internal-and-external-shoe-modification-in-pes-planus-a-clinical-and-pedobarographic-study
#8
Ozgur Taspinar, Derya Demirbag Kabayel, Ferda Ozdemir, Hakan Tuna, Yasar Keskin, Oznur Berke Mercimek, Necdet Süt, Selcuk Yavuz, Filiz Tuna
Pes planus is a condition that can cause pain along the innerfoot due to the absence or abnormal depression of the longitudinal arch. There are few studies available that compare therapy modalities used in these patients. In our study, those treated with conservative therapies - internal and external shoe modifications and pes planus exercises - were compared clinically and pedobarographyically. 60 pes planus patients were included in the study. In the first group; internal modification was performed by placing a medial longitudinal arch support inside the shoe...
2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842935/surgical-treatment-results-for-flexible-flatfoot-in-adolescents
#9
Necip Selcuk Yontar, Tahir Ogut, Mehmet Fatih Guven, Huseyin Botanlioglu, Gokhan Kaynak, Ata Can
OBJECTIVE: Idiopathic flexible pes planus (IFPP) is a common foot problem in adolescents and young adults. Hypothesis for the present study was that combination of procedures for IFPP can achieve results in adolescents and young adults that are as good as those seen in adult-acquired pes planovalgus (AAPP) treatment in adults. METHODS: A total of 21 feet of 18 patients (10 boys, 8 girls) with mean age of 15.6 years underwent surgical reconstruction for flatfoot deformity...
December 2016: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802481/metatarsal-shape-and-foot-type-a-geometric-morphometric-analysis
#10
Scott Telfer, Matthew W Kindig, Bruce J Sangeorzan, William R Ledoux
Planus and cavus foot types have been associated with an increased risk of pain and disability. Improving our understanding of the geometric differences between bones in different foot types may provide insights into injury risk profiles and have implications for the design of musculoskeletal and finite element models. In this study we performed a geometric morphometric analysis on the geometry of metatarsal bones from 65 feet, segmented from computed tomography scans. These were categorized into four foot types: pes cavus, neutrally aligned, asymptomatic pes planus, and symptomatic pes planus...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609390/-medication-compliance-and-diet-compliance-in-309-oral-lichen-planus-patients
#11
Ji-Yan Huang, Han-Qin Li, Liang Chen, Hou-Ming Zhao, Ye Lin
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility and clinical outcomes of an atraumatic extraction technique using Benex Extraction System in flapless immediate implant placement in anterior teeth. METHODS: Twenty-five patients with single hopeless anterior maxillary teeth were enrolled in the study. The involved teeth were extracted using Benex Extraction System and implants were immediately placed in a flapless way. Healing abutments were connected immediately. After 4-6 months of healing, screw-retained implant temporary crowns were used to reshape the peri-implant gingiva...
June 2016: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548905/medial-longitudinal-arch-angle-presents-significant-differences-between-foot-types-a-biplane-fluoroscopy-study
#12
Megan E R Balsdon, Kristen M Bushey, Colin E Dombroski, Marie-Eve LeBel, Thomas R Jenkyn
The structure of the medial longitudinal arch (MLA) affects the foot's overall function and its ability to dissipate plantar pressure forces. Previous research on the MLA includes measuring the calcaneal-first metatarsal angle using a static sagittal plane radiograph, a dynamic height-to-length ratio using marker clusters with a multisegment foot model, and a contained angle using single point markers with a multisegment foot model. The objective of this study was to use biplane fluoroscopy to measure a contained MLA angle between foot types: pes planus (low arch), pes cavus (high arch), and normal arch...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524705/minimally-invasive-osteotomies-of-the-calcaneus
#13
REVIEW
Gregory P Guyton
Osteotomies of the calcaneus are powerful surgical tools, representing a critical component of the surgical reconstruction of pes planus and pes cavus deformity. Modern minimally invasive calcaneal osteotomies can be performed safely with a burr through a lateral incision. Although greater kerf is generated with the burr, the effect is modest, can be minimized, and is compatible with many fixation techniques. A hinged jig renders the procedure more reproducible and accessible.
September 2016: Foot and Ankle Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390312/value-of-history-physical-examination-and-radiographic-findings-in-the-diagnosis-of-symptomatic-meniscal-tear-among-middle-aged-subjects-with-knee-pain
#14
Jeffrey N Katz, Savannah R Smith, Heidi Y Yang, Scott D Martin, John Wright, Laurel A Donnell-Fink, Elena Losina
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility of clinical history, radiographic findings, and physical examination findings in the diagnosis of symptomatic meniscal tear (SMT) in patients over age 45 years, in whom concomitant osteoarthritis is prevalent. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study of patients from 2 orthopedic surgeons' clinics, we assessed clinical history, physical examination findings, and radiographic findings in patients age >45 years with knee pain. The orthopedic surgeons rated their confidence that subjects' symptoms were due to meniscal tear; we defined the diagnosis of SMT as at least 70% confidence...
April 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27030231/secondary-arthrodesis-after-total-ankle-arthroplasty
#15
Christopher E Gross, John S Lewis, Samuel B Adams, Mark Easley, James K DeOrio, James A Nunley
BACKGROUND: While it is thought that stresses through the subtalar and talonavicular joints will be decreased after total ankle replacement (TAR) relative to ankle fusion, progressive arthritis or deformity of these joints may require a fusion after a successful TAR. However, after ankle replacement, it is unknown how hindfoot biomechanics and blood supply may be affected. Consequently, subsequent hindfoot joint fusion may be adversely affected. METHODS: We retrospectively identified a consecutive series of 1001 primary TARs performed between January 1998 and December 2014...
July 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27004650/the-impact-of-body-fat-on-three-dimensional-motion-of-the-paediatric-foot-during-walking
#16
Ryan Mahaffey, Stewart C Morrison, Paul Bassett, Wendy I Drechsler, Mary C Cramp
Childhood obesity is commonly associated with a pes planus foot type and altered lower limb joint function during walking. However, limited information has been reported on dynamic intersegment foot motion with the level of obesity in children. The aim of this study was to explore the relationships between intersegment foot motion during gait and body fat in boys age 7-11 years. Fat mass was measured in fifty-five boys using air displacement plethysmography. Three-dimensional gait analysis was conducted on the right foot of each participant using the 3DFoot model to capture angular motion of the shank, calcaneus, midfoot and metatarsals...
February 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27002666/differences-in-the-angle-of-the-medial-longitudinal-arch-and-muscle-activity-of-the-abductor-hallucis-and-tibialis-anterior-during-sitting-short-foot-exercises-between-subjects-with-pes-planus-and-subjects-with-neutral-foot
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Ji-Hyun Lee, Heon-Seock Cynn, Tae-Lim Yoon, Sil-Ah Choi, Tae-Woo Kang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Excessive activity of the tibialis anterior muscle may be a causal mechanism in overuse injuries such as stress fracture in pes planus patients. However, information about this relationship is limited. In this study, we compared the angle of the medial longitudinal arch, the activities of the abductor hallucis and tibialis anterior muscles, and the activity ratio of tibialis anterior/abductor hallucis in individuals with pes planus and those with a neutral foot position during short-foot exercises conducted while sitting...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26908688/pediatric-pes-planus-a-state-of-the-art-review
#18
REVIEW
James B Carr, Scott Yang, Leigh Ann Lather
Flatfoot (pes planus) is common in infants and children and often resolves by adolescence. Thus, flatfoot is described as physiologic because it is usually flexible, painless, and of no functional consequence. In rare instances, flatfoot can become painful or rigid, which may be a sign of underlying foot pathology, including arthritis or tarsal coalition. Despite its prevalence, there is no standard definition for pediatric flatfoot. Furthermore, there are no large, prospective studies that compare the natural history of idiopathic, flexible flat feet throughout development in response to various treatments...
March 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26781131/operative-treatment-of-fifth-metatarsal-jones-fractures-zones-ii-and-iii-in-the-nba
#19
Martin O'Malley, Bridget DeSandis, Answorth Allen, Matthew Levitsky, Quinn O'Malley, Riley Williams
BACKGROUND: Proximal fractures of the fifth metatarsal (zone II and III) are common in the elite athlete and can be difficult to treat because of a tendency toward delayed union, nonunion, or refracture. The purpose of this case series was to report our experience in treating 10 NBA players, determine the healing rate, return to play, refracture rate, and role of foot type in these athletes. METHODS: The records of 10 professional basketball players were retrospectively reviewed...
May 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26608867/planovalgus-foot-deformity-in-cerebral-palsy-corrected-by-botulinum-toxin-injection-in-the-peroneus-longus-clinical-and-radiological-evaluations-in-young-children
#20
C Boulay, M Jacquemier, E Castanier, H Giorgi, G Authier, V Pomero, B Chabrol, J-L Jouve, G Bollini, E Viehweger
BACKGROUND: In children with cerebral palsy (CP), overactivity of the peroneus longus (PL) muscle is a major contributor to pes planovalgus. This retrospective study assessed whether abobotulinumtoxinA injections into a PL showing premature activity on electromyography (EMG) clinically improved foot morphology in children with CP. METHODS: Study participants were <6 years old, had a diagnosis of CP, good functional abilities (Gross Motor Function Classification System level 1 or 2), equinovalgus (initial contact with the hallux or head of the first metatarsal) and overactive PL on EMG...
December 2015: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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