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pes planus

Nili Steinberg, Myriam Stern, Shay Tenenbaum, Alexander Blankstein, Aviva Zeev, Itzhak Siev-Ner
This study aimed at evaluating whether the prevalence of knee injuries and morphological features are different among pre-and-post menarche dancers; Sixty-seven pre-and-post menarche dancers were screened for anthropometric parameters; knee laxity; patella femoral pain syndrome (PFPS), pathologies and anatomical structure of the knees. Both groups showed a high and similar prevalence of PFPS. The post-menarche dancers produced a significantly higher rate of Tanner stages 3-4 (p = .010), greater weight (p < ...
March 8, 2018: Research in Sports Medicine
Jayishni N Maharaj, Andrew G Cresswell, Glen A Lichtwark
PURPOSE: Foot orthoses maybe used in the management of musculoskeletal disorders related to abnormal subtalar joint (STJ) pronation. However, the precise mechanical benefits of foot orthoses for preventing injuries associated with the STJ are not well understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the immediate effect of foot orthoses on the energy absorption requirements of the STJ and subsequently tibialis posterior (TP) muscle function. METHODS: Eighteen asymptomatic subjects with a pes planus foot posture were prescribed custom-made foot orthoses made from a plaster cast impression...
March 5, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Mira Pecheva, Adam Devany, Basil Nourallah, Steven Cutts, Chandra Pasapula
In this retrospective study, a series of 10 elective patients treated with transfer of the tibialis posterior (TP) tendon for pes cavus and drop foot are described. Since TP transfer completely subtracts the role of this tendon, this cohort of patients provides an opportunity to examine the consequences of tibialis posterior (TP) deficiency. After a mean follow up period of 44.7 months, only one patient showed evidence of strain in the spring ligament but none of the patients in this series developed clinical or radiological evidence of planovalgus deformity...
November 22, 2017: Foot
Sindhrani Dars, Hayley Uden, Helen A Banwell, Saravana Kumar
BACKGROUND: Flexible pes planus (flat feet) in children is a common presenting condition in clinical practice due to concerns amongst parents and caregivers. While Foot Orthoses (FOs) are a popular intervention, their effectiveness remains unclear. Thus, the aim of this systematic review was to update the current evidence base for the effectiveness of FOs for paediatric flexible pes planus. METHODS: A systematic search of electronic databases (Cochrane, Medline, AMED, EMBASE, CINHAL, SportDiscus, Scopus and PEDro) was conducted from January 2011 to July 2017...
2018: PloS One
Salih Angin, Karen J Mickle, Christopher J Nester
BACKGROUND: The plantar foot muscles and plantar fascia differ between different foot postures. However, how each individual plantar structure contribute to foot posture has not been explored. The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations between static foot posture and morphology of plantar foot muscles and plantar fascia and thus the contributions of these structures to static foot posture. METHODS: A total of 111 participants were recruited, 43 were classified as having pes planus and 68 as having normal foot posture using Foot Posture Index assessment tool...
January 27, 2018: Gait & Posture
Charlie Michaudet
Pes planus or pes planovalgus (ie, flatfoot) is a common condition among young children and also is encountered in adults. In children, congenital pes planus typically resolves with age as the foot musculature strengthens. Flexible pes planus is defined as a normal arch during non-weight-bearing activity or tiptoeing, with a flattening arch on standing. In rigid pes planus, the arch remains stiff and collapsed with or without weight bearing. Patients with rigid pes planus should be referred for subspecialist treatment...
February 2018: FP Essentials
Bianca Quiñones-Pérez, Grace E VanNoy, Meghan C Towne, Yiping Shen, Michael N Singh, Pankaj B Agrawal, Sharon E Smith
Latent transforming growth factor binding proteins (LTBP) are a family of extracellular matrix glycoproteins that play an important role in the regulation of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-ß) activation. Dysregulation of the TGF-ß pathway has been implicated in the pathogenesis of inherited disorders predisposing to thoracic aortic aneurysms syndromes (TAAS) including Marfan syndrome (MFS; FBN1) and Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS; TGFBR1, TGFBR2, TGFB2, TGFB3, SMAD2, SMAD3). While these syndromes have distinct clinical criteria, they share clinical features including aortic root dilation and musculoskeletal findings...
January 19, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Seung Yeol Lee, Chin Youb Chung, Moon Seok Park, Ki Hyuk Sung, Sonya Ahmed, Seungbum Koo, Dong-Wan Kang, Kyoung Min Lee
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the radiographic measurements associated with the progression of hallux valgus during at least 2 years of follow-up. METHODS: Seventy adult patients with hallux valgus who were followed for at least 2 years and underwent weightbearing foot radiography were included. Radiographic measurements included the hallux valgus angle (HVA), hallux interphalangeal angle, intermetatarsal angle (IMA), metatarsus adductus angle, distal metatarsal articular angle (DMAA), tibial sesamoid position, anteroposterior (AP) talo-first metatarsal angle, and lateral talo-first metatarsal angle...
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
Aishwarya Gulati, Christopher McElrath, Vibhor Wadhwa, Jay P Shah, Avneesh Chhabra
Anterior knee pain in active young adults is commonly related to patellofemoral pain syndrome, which can be broadly classified into patellar malalignment and patellar maltracking. Imaging is performed to further elucidate the exact malalignment and maltracking abnormalities and exclude other differentials. This article details the role of the stabilizers of the patellofemoral joint, findings on conventional and multimodality imaging aiding in patellofemoral pain syndrome diagnosis and characterization, and current perspectives of various treatment approaches...
January 22, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
Jinsup Song, Kersti Choe, Michael Neary, Rebecca A Zifchock, Kenneth L Cameron, Michael Trepa, Marian T Hannan, Howard Hillstrom
Lower extremity musculoskeletal injuries are common, complex, and costly problems. Literature supports associations between static foot structure and dynamic foot function, as well as between overuse injury and demographic characteristics. Previous studies failed to provide a comprehensive biomechanical foot characteristics of at-risk military personnel. In this study, foot structure, function, and arch height flexibility (AHF) were objectively measured in 1090 incoming cadets (16.3% female, mean age of 18...
December 6, 2017: Gait & Posture
Lynnea Myers, Britt-Marie Anderlid, Ann Nordgren, Charlotte Willfors, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Kristiina Tammimies, Sven Bölte
Background: Minor physical anomalies (MPAs) are subtle anatomical deviations in one's appearance and may suggest altered embryogenesis. MPAs have been shown to be more common in neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) compared with typical development. Still, further studies are needed on MPAs in NDDs, especially using twins to adjust for confounding familial factors. Methods: Clinical assessments were conducted on 116 twins (61 NDD, 55 controls) from 51 monozygotic and 7 dizygotic pairs to examine MPAs and their association with DSM-5 defined NDDs...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Manvi Dhyani, Deepika Singla, Irshad Ahmad, M Ejaz Hussain, Kamran Ali, Shalini Verma
Introduction: The energy cost is increased during walking in pes planus condition whereas, energy cost during walking using rocker bottom shoes is debatable. Aim: To determine the walking economy with rocker soled shoes, when compared with bare feet walking in females with pes planus over treadmill. Materials and Methods: Seventeen collegiate flat footed females aged 18-25 years were recruited in accordance with inclusion and exclusion criteria...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
E M Elmoatasem, M A Eid
INTRODUCTION: Plantar Pressure mapping was introduced as a new modality for assessment of the height of the medial longitudinal arch of the foot. Therefore, the aim of this study is to correlate the plantar pressure mapping readings of arch index contact force ratio (AICFR) in children with flexible pes planus with radiographic measurements and static plantar footprints in order to determine the reliability of pressure mapping as a modality for the assessment and follow up of the flat foot deformity...
December 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
Duo Wai-Chi Wong, Yan Wang, Aaron Kam-Lun Leung, Ming Yang, Ming Zhang
BACKGROUND: Posterior tibial tendinopathy is a challenging foot condition resulting in pes planus, which is difficult to diagnose in the early stage. Prior to the deformity, abnormal internal load transfer and soft tissue attenuation are anticipated. The objective of this study was to investigate the internal load transfer and strain of the ligaments with posterior tibial tendinopathy, and the implications to pes planus and other deformities. METHODS: A three-dimensional finite element model of the foot and ankle was reconstructed from magnetic resonance images of a 28-year-old normal female...
November 3, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
Kevin Renner, Eric So, Amanda Quisno, Daniel Logan
BACKGROUND: Tarsal coalitions typically occur at the talocalcaneal or calcaneonavicular joints. Common findings are pain, limited range of motion, and a pes planus deformity. METHODS: The focus of this case report will include the presentation, imaging, treatment, and outcomes for a 21-year-old female diagnosed with a rare lateral cuneo-cuboid coalition with chronic pain. Clinical and radiographic examinations, typically utilized to diagnose the common coalition, were unremarkable...
November 13, 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Tomoya Takabayashi, Mutsuaki Edama, Emi Nakamura, Erika Yokoyama, Chiaki Kanaya, Masayoshi Kubo
BACKGROUND: Examining coordination between segments is essential for prevention and treatment of injuries. However, traditional methods such as ratio, cross-correlation technique, and angle-time plot may not provide a complete understanding of intersegmental coordination. The present study aimed to quantify the coordination among the rearfoot, midfoot, and forefoot segments during walking. METHODS: Twenty healthy young men walked barefoot on a treadmill. Reflective markers were fixed to their right shank and foot based on the Leardini foot model...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Chidiebele Petronilla Ojukwu, Emeka Godson Anyanwu, Ginika Gladys Nwafor
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the arch height index of pregnant women and its correlation with foot pain, anterior knee pain, and lower back pain. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Two hundred and fifteen consenting pregnant women participated in this cross-sectional study. The arch height index was assessed from their foot prints, while pain intensity was rated on a numerical rating scale. Data were summarized with descriptive statistics and the Pearson correlation was used to determine correlations between the variables at p < 0...
2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
Caitlyn M Rerucha, Caleb Dickison, Drew C Baird
Leg and foot problems in childhood are common causes of parental concern. Rotational problems include intoeing and out-toeing. Intoeing is most common in infants and young children. Intoeing is caused by metatarsus adductus, internal tibial torsion, and femoral anteversion. Out-toeing is less common than intoeing and occurs more often in older children. Out-toeing is caused by external tibial torsion and femoral retroversion. Angular problems include genu varum (bowleg) and genu valgum (knock knee). With pes planus (flatfoot), the arch of the foot is usually flexible rather than rigid...
August 15, 2017: American Family Physician
Thomas Hodo, Mark Hamrick, Yulia Melenevsky
Musculoskeletal anatomy is widely known to have components that stray from the norm in the form of variant muscle and tendon presence, absence, origin, insertion, and bifurcation. Although these variant muscles and tendons might be deemed incidental and insignificant findings by most, they can be important contributors to pathologic physiology or, more importantly, an option for effective treatment. In the present case report, we describe a patient with phocomelia and Müllerian abnormalities secondary to in utero thalidomide exposure...
November 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Ashok Aenumulapalli, Manoj Mohan Kulkarni, Achleshwar Ramnarain Gandotra
INTRODUCTION: Flat foot (pes planus) is a commonly observed disorder in clinical practice. The height of Medial Longitudinal Arch (MLA) determines the degree of pes planus. Majority of the previous studies on prevalence of flexible flat foot were done among children. AIM: The present study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of flexible flat foot among 18-21-year-old Indian adults using Navicular Drop Test (NDT) which is regarded as reliable and valid method to characterise MLA...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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