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Embodied cognition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330594/coding-valence-in-touchscreen-interactions-hand-dominance-and-lateral-movement-influence-valence-appraisals-of-emotional-pictures
#1
Sergio Cervera Torres, Susana Ruiz Fernández, Martin Lachmair, Peter Gerjets
The Body-Specificity Hypothesis postulates that the space surrounding the dominant hand is perceived as positive due to the motor fluency of this hand, whereas the space surrounding the non-dominant hand is perceived as negative. Experimental studies based on this theoretical framework also revealed associations between affective valence and hand dominance (i.e., dominant hand-positive; non-dominant hand-negative), or lateral movements of the hands (i.e., right hand toward the right space-positive; left hand toward the left space-positive)...
January 12, 2018: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313388/virtual-reality-in-cognitive-and-motor-rehabilitation-facts-fiction-and-fallacies
#2
Gaetano Tieri, Giovanni Morone, Stefano Paolucci, Marco Iosa
Over recent decades many researchers and clinicians have started to use Virtual Reality (VR) as a new technology for implementing innovative rehabilitation treatments in cognitive and motor domains. However, the expression "VR" has often also been improperly used to refer to video games. Further, VR efficacy, often confused with that of video-game exercises, is still debated. Areas covered: In this review, we provide the scientific rationale for the advantages of using VR systems in rehabilitation and investigate whether the VR could really be a promising technique for the future of rehabilitation of patients, or if it is just an entertainment for scientists...
January 9, 2018: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311139/retrosplenial-cortex-indexes-stability-beyond-the-spatial-domain
#3
Stephen D Auger, Eleanor A Maguire
Retrosplenial cortex (RSC) is highly responsive to landmarks in the environment which remain fixed in a permanent location, and this has been linked with its known involvement in scene and spatial processing. However, it is unclear if RSC representations of permanence are a purely spatial phenomenon or whether they extend into behavioural and conceptual domains. To test this, during functional MRI (fMRI) scanning we had people (males and females) read three different types of sentence which described either something permanent or transient...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303967/dancing-with-gravity-why-the-sense-of-balance-is-the-fundamental
#4
Dominik Fuchs
The sense of balance, which is usually barely noticeable in the background of each of our movements, only becomes manifest in its function during intense stimulation or in the event of illness, which may quite literally turn your world upside down. While it is true that balance is becoming a bigger issue, that is mainly because people are losing it more frequently. So why is balance not as commonly talked about in psychology, medicine or the arts as the other five traditional senses? This is partly due to its unusual multi-modal nature, whereby three sensory inputs are coordinated and integrated by the central nervous system...
January 5, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282595/perceptual-experience-norms-for-506-russian-nouns-modality-rating-spatial-localization-manipulability-imageability-and-other-variables
#5
Alex Miklashevsky
A number of new psycholinguistic variables has been proposed during the last years within embodied cognition framework: modality experience rating (i.e., relationship between words and images of a particular perceptive modality-visual, auditory, haptic etc.), manipulability (the necessity for an object to interact with human hands in order to perform its function), vertical spatial localization. However, it is not clear how these new variables are related to each other and to such traditional variables as imageability, AoA and word frequency...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250021/modulating-mimetic-preference-with-theta-burst-stimulation-of-the-inferior-parietal-cortex
#6
Luca F Ticini, Cosimo Urgesi, Sonja A Kotz
We like an object more when we see someone else reaching for it. To what extent is action observation causally linked to object valuation? In this study, we set out to answer to this question by applying continuous theta burst stimulation (cTBS) over the left inferior parietal lobule (IPL). Previous studies pointed to this region as critical in the representation of others' actions and in tool manipulation. However, it is unclear to what extent IPL's involvement simply reflects action observation, rather than a casual role in objects' valuation...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249956/the-mirror-neurons-network-in-aging-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-disease-a-functional-mri-study
#7
Elisabetta Farina, Francesca Baglio, Simone Pomati, Alessandra D'Amico, Isabella C Campini, Sonia Di Tella, Giulia Belloni, Thierry Pozzo
The aim of the current study is to investigate the integrity of the Mirror Neurons (MN) network in normal aging, Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), and Alzheimer disease (AD). Although AD and MCI are considered "cognitive" diseases, there has been increasing recognition of a link between motor function and AD. More recently the embodied cognition hypothesis has also been developed: it postulates that a part of cognition results from the coupling between action and perception representations. MN represent a neuronal population which links perception, action, and cognition, therefore we decided to characterize MN functioning in neurodegenerative cognitive decline...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234294/the-mark-of-the-cognitive-and-the-coupling-constitution-fallacy-a-defense-of-the-extended-mind-hypothesis
#8
REVIEW
Giulia Piredda
Clark and Chalmers (1998) introduced the extended mind hypothesis, according to which some mental states can be realized by non-biological external resources. A lively debate has flourished around this hypothesis, connected with the issues of embodiment, embeddedness, situatedness and enaction (cf. Clark, 2008; Menary, 2010; Shapiro, 2011). Two of the main criticisms addressed to the functionalist version of the extended mind thesis have been the so-called "coupling-constitution fallacy" and the alleged lack of a mark of the cognitive (Adams and Aizawa, 2001, 2005, 2009, 2010a,b)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233169/an-evidence-based-gamified-mhealth-intervention-for-overweight-young-adults-with-maladaptive-eating-habits-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Ioana R Podina, Liviu A Fodor, Ana Cosmoiu, Rareș Boian
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is the first-line of treatment for overweight and obesity patients whose problems originate in maladaptive eating habits (e.g., emotional eating). However, in-person CBT is currently difficult to access by large segments of the population. The proposed SIGMA intervention (i.e., the Self-help, Integrated, and Gamified Mobile-phone Application) is a mHealth intervention based on CBT principles. It specifically targets overweight young adults with underlying maladaptive behaviors and cognitions regarding food...
December 12, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214726/curb-your-embodiment
#10
Diane Pecher
To explain how abstract concepts are grounded in sensory-motor experiences, several theories have been proposed. I will discuss two of these proposals, Conceptual Metaphor Theory and Situated Cognition, and argue why they do not fully explain grounding. A central idea in Conceptual Metaphor Theory is that image schemas ground abstract concepts in concrete experiences. Image schemas might themselves be abstractions, however, and therefore do not solve the grounding problem. Moreover, image schemas are too simple to explain the full richness of abstract concepts...
December 7, 2017: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213236/embodied-cognition-a-challenging-road-for-clinical-neuropsychology
#11
Juan F Cardona
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212607/when-syntax-meets-action-brain-potential-evidence-of-overlapping-between-language-and-motor-sequencing
#12
Pilar Casado, Manuel Martín-Loeches, Inmaculada León, David Hernández-Gutiérrez, Javier Espuny, Francisco Muñoz, Laura Jiménez-Ortega, Sabela Fondevila, Manuel de Vega
This study aims to extend the embodied cognition approach to syntactic processing. The hypothesis is that the brain resources to plan and perform motor sequences are also involved in syntactic processing. To test this hypothesis, Event-Related brain Potentials (ERPs) were recorded while participants read sentences with embedded relative clauses, judging for their acceptability (half of the sentences contained a subject-verb morphosyntactic disagreement). The sentences, previously divided into three segments, were self-administered segment-by-segment in two different sequential manners: linear or non-linear...
November 15, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207738/medical-education-terminologies-do-these-really-percolate-to-the-level-of-medical-students-a-survey
#13
Arunita Jagzape, Tushar Jagzape, Swanand Pathak
Introduction: In Medical Education Technology, many terminologies are embodied in faculty training programs; used by teachers in daily practice like learning objectives, curriculum, and domains, formative and summative assessments. The awareness and knowledge of students regarding these terminologies, is questionable. Aim: To assess the awareness and knowledge of the students of all phases of MBBS - regarding terminologies in medical education. Materials and Methods: The study was questionnaire based survey at a private medical college in rural setting...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175306/embodiment-in-the-aging-mind
#14
REVIEW
Esther Kuehn, Mario Borja Perez-Lopez, Nadine Diersch, Juliane Döhler, Thomas Wolbers, Martin Riemer
Bodily awareness is a central component of human sensation, action, and cognition. The human body is subject to profound changes over the adult lifespan. We live in an aging society: the mean age of people living in industrialized countries is currently over 40 years, and further increases are expected. Nevertheless, there is a lack of comprehensive knowledge that links changes in embodiment that occur with age to neuronal mechanisms and associated sensorimotor and cognitive deficits in the elderly. Here, we synthesize existing evidence and introduce the NFL Framework of Embodied Aging, which links basic neuronal (N) mechanisms of age-related sensorimotor decline to changes in functional (F) bodily impairments, including deficits in higher-level cognitive functions, and impairments in daily life (L)...
November 22, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173139/walking-back-to-the-future
#15
Jonna Loeffler, Markus Raab, Rouwen Cañal-Bruland
Embodied cognition frameworks suggest a direct link between sensorimotor experience and cognitive representations of concepts ( Shapiro, 2011 ). We examined whether this holds also true for concepts that cannot be directly perceived with the sensorimotor system (i.e., temporal concepts). To test this, participants learned object-space (Exp. 1) or object-time (Exp. 2) associations. Afterwards, participants were asked to assign the objects to their location in space/time meanwhile they walked backward, forward, or stood on a treadmill...
September 2017: Experimental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151108/a-phenomenological-account-of-sensorimotor-difficulties-in-autism-intentionality-movement-and-proprioception
#16
Till D A Grohmann
During the last decades, the focus in autism research has been progressively extended. Today it offers a large amount of material on sensorimotor disturbances as well as perceptive-cognitive preferences of people with autism. However, there are more and more critical voices against an intellectualist perspective in the cognitive sciences. The "enactive approach" as well as a new "movement perspective" to autism challenge the view of autism as a mere "cognitive" disturbance. They criticize the conception of a cognizing subject which is only interested in the world in as much as she/he can extract knowledge and organize it rationally...
November 18, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114235/biofunctional-understanding-and-conceptual-control-searching-for-systematic-consensus-in-systemic-cohesion
#17
Asghar Iran-Nejad, Fareed Bordbar
For first generation scientists after the cognitive revolution, knowers were in active control over all (stages of) information processing. Then, following a decade of transition shaped by intense controversy, embodied cognition emerged and suggested sources of control other than those implied by metaphysical information processing. With a thematic focus on embodiment science and an eye toward systematic consensus in systemic cohesion, the present study explores the roles of biofunctional and conceptual control processes in the wholetheme spiral of biofunctional understanding (see Iran-Nejad and Irannejad, 2017b, Figure 1)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108645/the-bidirectional-congruency-effect-of-brightness-valence-metaphoric-association-in-the-stroop-like-and-priming-paradigms
#18
Yanli Huang, Chi-Shing Tse, Jiushu Xie
The conceptual metaphor theory (Lakoff & Johnson, 1980, 1999) postulates a unidirectional metaphoric association between abstract and concrete concepts: sensorimotor experience activated by concrete concepts facilitates the processing of abstract concepts, but not the other way around. However, this unidirectional view has been challenged by studies that reported a bidirectional metaphoric association. In three experiments, we tested the directionality of the brightness-valence metaphoric association, using Stroop-like paradigm, priming paradigm, and Stroop-like paradigm with a go/no-go manipulation...
November 4, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090632/-normal-and-failing-mothers-women-s-constructions-of-maternal-subjectivity-while-living-with-multiple-sclerosis
#19
Chloe Parton, Terri Katz, Jane M Ussher
Multiple sclerosis causes physical and cognitive impairment that can impact women's experiences of motherhood. This study examined how women construct their maternal subjectivities, or sense of self as a mother, drawing on a framework of biographical disruption. A total of 20 mothers with a multiple sclerosis diagnosis took part in semi-structured interviews. Transcripts were analysed using thematic decomposition to identify subject positions that women adopted in relation to cultural discourses of gender, motherhood and illness...
October 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079340/sleep-on-your-memory-traces-how-sleep-effects-can-be-explained-by-act-in-a-functional-memory-model
#20
REVIEW
Mélaine Cherdieu, Rémy Versace, Amandine E Rey, Guillaume T Vallet, Stéphanie Mazza
Numerous studies have explored the effect of sleep on memory. It is well known that a period of sleep, compared to a similar period of wakefulness, protects memories from interference, improves performance, and might also reorganize memory traces in a way that encourages creativity and rule extraction. It is assumed that these benefits come from the reactivation of brain networks, mainly involving the hippocampal structure, as well as from their synchronization with neocortical networks during sleep, thereby underpinning sleep-dependent memory consolidation and reorganization...
September 30, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
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