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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532235/development-and-preliminary-validation-of-the-paediatric-awareness-questionnaire-for-children-and-adolescents-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#1
Owen Lloyd, Tamara Ownsworth, Jennifer Fleming, Melanie J Zimmer-Gembeck
There is a lack of validated measures for assessing self-awareness of deficits after pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI). The current study aimed to develop and examine the psychometric properties of the Paediatric Awareness Questionnaire (PAQ), and investigate factors related to self-awareness. The PAQ was administered to 32 children aged 8-16 years with mild to severe TBI (72% male, M age = 11.75, SD = 2.9), their parents, and treating clinicians, and to 32 age- and gender-matched typically developing controls and their parents...
May 23, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521768/development-of-a-written-assessment-for-a-national-interprofessional-cardiotocography-education-program
#2
Line Thellesen, Thomas Bergholt, Morten Hedegaard, Nina Palmgren Colov, Karl Bang Christensen, Kristine Sylvan Andersen, Jette Led Sorensen
BACKGROUND: To reduce the incidence of hypoxic brain injuries among newborns a national cardiotocography (CTG) education program was implemented in Denmark. A multiple-choice question test was integrated as part of the program. The aim of this article was to describe and discuss the test development process and to introduce a feasible method for written test development in general. METHODS: The test development was based on the unitary approach to validity. The process involved national consensus on learning objectives, standardized item writing, pilot testing, sensitivity analyses, standard setting and evaluation of psychometric properties using Item Response Theory models...
May 18, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510509/psychometric-properties-of-the-psychological-vulnerability-scale-in-higher-education-students
#3
Maria José Nogueira, Luisa Barros, Carlos Sequeira
BACKGROUND: Psychological vulnerability is related to cognitive beliefs that reflect dependence on one's sense of self-worth and to maladaptive functioning. It is a disadvantage that renders people less protected to face negative life experiences. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to adapt and test the psychometric properties of the Psychological Vulnerability Scale in a sample of 267 Portuguese higher education students. DESIGN: A psychometric study of the Psychological Vulnerability Scale, after translation into Portuguese, was performed with a convenience sample of higher education students...
May 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509117/the-theory-of-multiple-stupidities-education-technology-and-organisation-in-arabia
#4
Abdulrahman Essa Al Lily, Ahmed Ali Alhazmi, Saleh Alzahrani
Traditional perspectives have envisaged intelligence as one entity dominated by a single set of abilities (i.e. cognitive abilities), whereas modern perspectives have defined intelligence in various shapes (e.g. linguistic, musical and interpersonal intelligences). By the same token, traditional perspectives have examined stupidity as one set of inabilities (i.e. cognitive inabilities). However, it is not clear whether modern perspectives have discussed whether stupidity exists in various forms-in the same way as they have envisaged intelligence...
May 16, 2017: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505978/an-arabic-version-of-the-cognitive-subscale-of-the-alzheimer-s-disease-assessment-scale-adas-cog-reliability-validity-and-normative-data
#5
Sonia Ben Jemaa, Neila Attia Romdhane, Amel Bahri-Mrabet, Adel Jendli, Didier Le Gall, Tarek Bellaj
The Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale's cognitive subscale (ADAS-Cog) is the most widely used instrument for screening cognitive dysfunction in Alzheimer's disease. The aim of the present study was to develop an Arabic version of this scale (A-ADAS-Cog), examine its psychometric properties (reliability and validity), and provide normative data. The A-ADAS-Cog), an Arabic version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (A-MMSE), and a Standardized Clinical Dementia Rating Scale (CDR) were administered to three Tunisian groups: 124 normal controls (NC), 33 patients with non-Alzheimer dementia (N-AD), and 25 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD)...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502266/refining-the-frommelt-attitude-toward-the-care-of-the-dying-scale-fatcod-b-for-medical-students-a-confirmatory-factor-analysis-and-rasch-validation-study
#6
Barbara Loera, Giorgia Molinengo, Marco Miniotti, Paolo Leombruni
OBJECTIVE: Given the increasing number of patients requiring palliative care and the need for more professionals who are able to provide care for the dying comfortably, assessment of medical attitudes toward end-of-life care is becoming a key aspect of medical education. The present study aimed to establish whether the Frommelt Attitude Toward the Care Of the Dying, Form B (FATCOD-B) meets current psychometric standards of validity for an assessment tool in medical education. METHOD: The participants were 200 undergraduate medical students...
May 15, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502025/mindfulness-in-salah-prayer-and-its-association-with-mental-health
#7
Shahid Ijaz, Muhammad Tahir Khalily, Irshad Ahmad
Plethora of researches has been carried out for the last many decades and has identified relationship between mental health and religious convictions; in particular, range of religious practices has been found instrumental in the promotion of mental health. The aim of this paper is to find out association between mindfulness in Salah (prayer) and mental health of individuals who identify themselves with Islam and to examine the mental health of those Muslims who offer Salah prayer with mindfulness and those who offer without mindfulness...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496424/the-german-version-of-the-strengths-use-scale-the-relation-of-using-individual-strengths-and-well-being
#8
Alexandra Huber, Dave Webb, Stefan Höfer
Theoretical perspectives in positive psychology have considered the possession and use of strengths equally but in applied research more studies focused on having them, probably due to the absence of psychometrically adequate scales. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the psychometric characteristics of the German language version of the Strengths Use Scale (SUS) and to explore relationships between strengths use and several indicator measures of well-being: the presence of positive and the absence of negative affect, self-esteem as identity aspect, vitality as self-regulatory resource, and stress for capturing the evaluation of difficulties and obstacles impinging on well-being...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496220/using-a-situational-judgement-test-for-selection-into-dental-core-training-a-preliminary-analysis
#9
E Rowett, F Patterson, F Cousans, K Elley
Objective and setting This paper describes the evaluation of a pilot situational judgement test (SJT) for selection into UK Dental Core Training (DCT). The SJT's psychometric properties, group differences based on gender and ethnicity, and candidate reactions were assessed.Methods The SJT targets four non-academic attributes important for success in DCT. Data were collected alongside live selection processes from five Health Education England local teams in the UK (N = 386). Candidates completed the pilot SJT and an evaluation questionnaire to examine their reactions to the test...
May 12, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489419/when-is-a-novel-psychometric-measure-needed-a-preliminary-analysis-regarding-the-cognitive-assessment-for-stroke-patients-casp-battery-compared-with-mmse-and-moca
#10
Davide Crivelli, Maria Teresa Angelillo, Elisabetta Grippa, Antonia Colucci, Roberto Nardulli, Michela Balconi
The need for quick tools to sketch an early but accurate cognitive profile of patients who suffered brain damage or head trauma is of primary importance. Nonetheless, in the Italian context, the most-diffused screening tools are still those originally devised to diagnose dementia. The present pilot study then aimed at investigating the potential and feasibility of a novel screening battery, the Cognitive Assessment for Stroke Patients (CASP), in a sample of Italian patients by comparing it to Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) tests...
May 10, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483077/validity-and-reliability-of-the-cohen-10-item-perceived-stress-scale-in-patients-with-chronic-headache-persian-version
#11
Robabe Khalili, Masoud Sirati Nir, Abbas Ebadi, Abbas Tavallai, Mehdi Habibi
BACKGROUND: The Cohen Perceived Stress Scale is being used widely in various countries. The present study evaluated the validity and reliability of the Cohen 10-item Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) in assessing tension headache, migraine, and stress-related diseases in Iran. METHODS: This study is a methodological and cross-sectional descriptive investigation of 100 patients with chronic headache admitted to the pain clinic of Baqiyatallah Educational and Therapeutic Center...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481824/the-third-time-s-a-charm-psychometric-testing-and-update-of-the-atlanta-heart-failure-knowledge-test
#12
Brittany Butts, Melinda Higgins, Sandra Dunbar, Carolyn Reilly
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Since first being published in 2009, the Atlanta Heart Failure Knowledge Test (AHFKT) has proven a reliable and valid instrument and has been used in multiple studies. Given advances in heart failure (HF) self-care, we proposed to reevaluate the psychometric properties of the AHFKTv2 across these recent studies and update the instrument. METHODS: Demographic, clinical, and baseline AHFKTv2 data from 4 intervention studies in persons with HF were combined for this analysis (N = 284)...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481643/the-kids-insight-into-dementia-survey-kids-development-and-preliminary-psychometric-properties
#13
Jess R Baker, Lee-Fay Low, Belinda Goodenough, Yun-Hee Jeon, Ruby S M Tsang, Christine Bryden, Karen Hutchinson
OBJECTIVES: Children may have a foundational role in efforts to raise community awareness about dementia. There is some qualitative work with children with a relative with dementia, but little work into the insights of children as general citizens without affected family. One issue is an absence of measurement tools; thus the study aimed to design and pilot a psychometrically sound self-report measure of dementia attitudes for children. METHOD: Using a multi-staged scale development process, stakeholder and expert input informed a 52-item Kids Insight into Dementia Survey (KIDS)...
May 8, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481594/colin-d-elliott-1937-2016
#14
John O Willis, Ron Dumont
This article memorializes Colin D. Elliott (1937-2016). For 7 years, in his work as a school psychologist, Elliott studied the ability profiles of children with learning disabilities and the measurement of children's developmental stages. Subsequently, he trained school psychologists for over 20 years at the University of Manchester. In 1983, he made a major, enduring contribution to the field of psychometric assessment in both his home country and the wider field with the publication of the innovative British Ability Scales (BAS)...
May 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480744/psychometric-assessment-of-the-processes-of-change-scale-for-sun-protection
#15
Marie A Sillice, Steven F Babbin, Colleen A Redding, Joseph S Rossi, Andrea L Paiva, Wayne F Velicer
The fourteen-factor Processes of Change Scale for Sun Protection assesses behavioral and experiential strategies that underlie the process of sun protection acquisition and maintenance. Variations of this measure have been used effectively in several randomized sun protection trials, both for evaluation and as a basis for intervention. However, there are no published studies, to date, that evaluate the psychometric properties of the scale. The present study evaluated factorial invariance and scale reliability in a national sample (N = 1360) of adults involved in a Transtheoretical model tailored intervention for exercise and sun protection, at baseline...
May 7, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472740/critical-thinking-skills-in-midwifery-practice-development-of-a-self-assessment-tool-for-students
#16
Amanda G Carter, Debra K Creedy, Mary Sidebotham
OBJECTIVE: Develop and test a tool designed for use by pre-registration midwifery students to self-appraise their critical thinking in practice. DESIGN: A descriptive cohort design was used. PARTICIPANTS: All students (n=164) enrolled in a three-year Bachelor of Midwifery program in Queensland, Australia. METHODS: The staged model for tool development involved item generation, mapping draft items to critical thinking concepts and expert review to test content validity, pilot testing of the tool to a convenience sample of students, and psychometric testing...
April 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468656/interplay-wellbeing-framework-a-collaborative-methodology-bringing-together-stories-and-numbers-to-quantify-aboriginal-cultural-values-in-remote-australia
#17
Sheree Cairney, Tammy Abbott, Stephen Quinn, Jessica Yamaguchi, Byron Wilson, John Wakerman
BACKGROUND: Wellbeing has been difficult to understand, measure and strengthen for Aboriginal people in remote Australia. Part of the challenge has been genuinely involving community members and incorporating their values and priorities into assessment and policy. Taking a 'shared space' collaborative approach between remote Aboriginal communities, governments and scientists, we merged Aboriginal knowledge with western science - by bringing together stories and numbers. This research aims to statistically validate the holistic Interplay Wellbeing Framework and Survey that bring together Aboriginal-identified priorities of culture, empowerment and community with government priorities including education, employment and health...
May 3, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467003/knowledge-and-expectations-of-direct-support-professionals-towards-effects-of-psychotropic-drug-use-in-people-with-intellectual-disabilities
#18
Gerda de Kuijper, Annette A J van der Putten
BACKGROUND/INTRODUCTION: In this study, we investigated intellectual disability support professionals' knowledge and expectations towards effects of psychotropic drug use on behaviour and drug use in their clients, because shortcomings may lead to misinterpretations of behavioural symptoms and inappropriate drug use. METHODS: Two self-designed questionnaires were used to measure the knowledge and expectations of 194 support professionals in 14 residential facilities regarding psychotropic drug use and effects of antipsychotics on behavioural, cognitive and mental functioning of people with intellectual disability...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459378/the-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-development-of-clinical-skills-scale-lgbt-docss-establishing-a-new-interdisciplinary-self-assessment-for-health-providers
#19
Markus P Bidell
These three studies provide initial evidence for the development, factor structure, reliability, and validity of the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Development of Clinical Skills Scale (LGBT-DOCSS), a new interdisciplinary LGBT clinical self-assessment for health and mental health providers. Research participants were voluntarily recruited in the United States and United Kingdom and included trainees, clinicians, and educators from applied psychology, counseling, psychotherapy, and primary care medicine...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459304/how-can-we-best-screen-for-cognitive-impairment-in-malaysia-a-pilot-of-the-idea-cognitive-screen-and-picture-based-memory-impairment-scale-and-comparison-of-criterion-validity-with-the-mini-mental-state-examination
#20
Roshaslina Rosli, Maw Pin Tan, William K Gray, Pathmawathi Subramanian, Noran Naqiah Mohd Hairi, Ai-Vyrn Chin
OBJECTIVES: To pilot two new cognitive screening tools for use in an urban Malaysian population and to compare their criterion validity against a gold standard, the well-established Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). METHODS: The IDEA cognitive screen, Picture-based Memory Impairment Scale (PMIS), and MMSE were administered to a convenience sample of elderly (≥ 65 years) from the community and outpatient clinics at an urban teaching hospital. Consensus diagnosis was performed by two geriatricians blinded to PMIS and IDEA cognitive screen scores using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-V) clinical criteria...
March 29, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
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