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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339677/development-of-a-food-allergy-knowledge-test-for-parents
#1
Amy L Hahn, Lynnda M Dahlquist, Jessica L Hoehn, Mary Elizabeth Bollinger
Objective : To create a measure of food allergy (FA) knowledge for parents of children with FA. The food allergy knowledge test (FAKT) was developed following rigorous test-construction guidelines. The preliminary 110-item pool content was developed in consultation with FA experts. After cognitive interviews and revisions, an 88-item preliminary version was administered to 370 parents of children with FA who were recruited online and from an allergy clinic. After item difficulty, discrimination, item-scale correlations analyses, and assessment of internal consistency, a revised 57-item version was administered to a new clinic-based sample (77 parents)...
February 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333609/fundamental-use-of-surgical-energy-fuse-an-essential-educational-program-for-operating-room-safety
#2
Stephanie B Jones, Malcolm G Munro, Liane S Feldman, Thomas N Robinson, L Michael Brunt, Steven D Schwaitzberg, Daniel B Jones, Pascal R Fuchshuber
Operating room (OR) safety has become a major concern in patient safety since the 1990s. Improvement of team communication and behavior is a popular target for safety programming at the institutional level. Despite these efforts, essential safety gaps remain in the OR and procedure rooms. A prime example is the use of energy-based devices in ORs and procedural areas. The lack of fundamental understanding of energy device function, design, and application contributes to avoidable injury and harm at a rate of approximately 1 to 2 per 1000 patients in the US...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333476/the-beliefs-about-race-scale-bars-dimensions-of-racial-essentialism-and-their-psychometric-properties
#3
John Tawa
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have found that racial essentialism negatively affects intergroup behavior (e.g., willingness to relate across outgroups), however this line of inquiry has been limited by 1-dimensional measures of racial essentialism. This paper provides psychometric support for the Beliefs About Race Scale (BARS), a multidimensional measure of racial essentialism. METHOD: Participants included 492 adults recruited on a college campus and in the community...
March 23, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326049/the-use-of-subscores-in-higher-education-when-is-this-useful
#4
Rob R Meijer, Anja J Boevé, Jorge N Tendeiro, Roel J Bosker, Casper J Albers
Assessment in higher education is challenging because teachers face more students, with less contact time as compared to primary and secondary education. Therefore, teachers and management are often interested in efficient ways of giving students diagnostic feedback and providing information on the basis of subscores is one method that is often used in large-scale standardized testing. In this article we discuss some recent psychometric literature that warns against the use of subscores in addition to the use of total scores...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316320/critical-flicker-frequency-test-for-diagnosing-minimal-hepatic-encephalopathy-in-patients-with-cirrhosis
#5
Banu Demet Özel Coşkun, Mustafa Özen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The critical flicker frequency (CFF) and psychometric hepatic encephalopathy score (PHES) are commonly proposed tests for detecting minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE); however, no studies have examined their value for detecting MHE in Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 70 patients with cirrhosis without overt HE, 205 controls for PHES, and 100 controls for the CFF test were included. All the patients underwent the PHES and CFF tests during the same session...
March 17, 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306349/utility-of-critical-items-within-the-recognition-memory-test-and-word-choice-test
#6
Laszlo A Erdodi, Bradley T Tyson, Christopher A Abeare, Brandon G Zuccato, Jaspreet K Rai, Kristian R Seke, Sanya Sagar, Robert M Roth
This study was designed to examine the clinical utility of critical items within the Recognition Memory Test (RMT) and the Word Choice Test (WCT). Archival data were collected from a mixed clinical sample of 202 patients clinically referred for neuropsychological testing (54.5% male; mean age = 45.3 years; mean level of education = 13.9 years). The credibility of a given response set was psychometrically defined using three separate composite measures, each of which was based on multiple independent performance validity indicators...
March 17, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303398/why-assessment-in-medical-education-needs-a-solid-foundation-in-modern-test-theory
#7
Stefan K Schauber, Martin Hecht, Zineb M Nouns
Despite the frequent use of state-of-the-art psychometric models in the field of medical education, there is a growing body of literature that questions their usefulness in the assessment of medical competence. Essentially, a number of authors raised doubt about the appropriateness of psychometric models as a guiding framework to secure and refine current approaches to the assessment of medical competence. In addition, an intriguing phenomenon known as case specificity is specific to the controversy on the use of psychometric models for the assessment of medical competence...
March 16, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302151/analysis-of-psychometric-properties-of-the-modified-setq-tool-in-undergraduate-medical-education
#8
Ahmed Al Ansari, Kathryn Strachan, Sumaya Hashim, Sameer Otoom
BACKGROUND: Effective clinical teaching is crucially important for the future of patient care. Robust clinical training therefore is essential to produce physicians capable of delivering high quality health care. Tools used to evaluate medical faculty teaching qualities should be reliable and valid. This study investigates the psychometric properties of modification of the System for Evaluation of Teaching Qualities (SETQ) instrument in the clinical years of undergraduate medical education...
March 16, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301195/mode-of-administration-effects-in-psychopathology-assessment-analyses-of-gender-age-and-education-differences-in-self-rated-versus-interview-based-depression
#9
Holly F Levin-Aspenson, David Watson
Respondents may answer sensitive questions differently depending on the mode of assessment (e.g., questionnaire, interview). The possibility of differences in these mode effects across groups is an important assessment consideration given the implications for test-score validity and bias. Although differences in mode effects are highly relevant to issues in clinical assessment, research is limited and generally fails to make use of psychometrically sound methods. The present research argues for greater attention to demographic differences in mode effects with regard to the assessment of psychopathology...
March 16, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300431/the-psychometric-costs-of-applicants-faking-examining-measurement-invariance-and-retest-correlations-across-response-conditions
#10
Georg Krammer, Markus Sommer, Martin E Arendasy
This study examines the stability of the response process and the rank-order of respondents responding to 3 personality scales in 4 different response conditions. Applicants to the University College of Teacher Education Styria (N = 243) completed personality scales as part of their college admission process. Half a year later, they retook the same personality scales in 1 of 3 randomly assigned experimental response conditions: honest, faking-good, or reproduce. Longitudinal means and covariance structure analyses showed that applicants' response processes could be partially reproduced after half a year, and respondents seemed to rely on an honest response behavior as a frame of reference...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293322/development-and-psychometric-properties-of-a-condom-use-and-its-cognitive-determinants-questionnaire-cucdq
#11
Arezoo Toopchian, Safieh Kanani, Towhid Babazadeh, Hamid Allahverdipour, Haidar Nadrian
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of Condom Use and its Cognitive Determinants Questionnaire (CUCDQ) among married women in Tabriz, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, applying multistage cluster sampling 388 married women were recruited to participate in the study. A comprehensive literature review was conducted to develop CUCDQ. Face, content, and construct validity, as well as reliability, were investigated...
March 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281369/electronic-assessment-of-clinical-reasoning-in-clerkships-a-mixed-methods-comparison-of-long-menu-key-feature-problems-with-context-rich-single-best-answer-questions
#12
Sören Huwendiek, Friedrich Reichert, Cecilia Duncker, Bas A de Leng, Cees P M van der Vleuten, Arno M M Muijtjens, Hans-Martin Bosse, Martin Haag, Georg F Hoffmann, Burkhard Tönshoff, Diana Dolmans
BACKGROUND: It remains unclear which item format would best suit the assessment of clinical reasoning: context-rich single best answer questions (crSBAs) or key-feature problems (KFPs). This study compared KFPs and crSBAs with respect to students' acceptance, their educational impact, and psychometric characteristics when used in a summative end-of-clinical-clerkship pediatric exam. METHODS: Fifth-year medical students (n = 377) took a computer-based exam that included 6-9 KFPs and 9-20 crSBAs which assessed their clinical reasoning skills, in addition to an objective structured clinical exam (OSCE) that assessed their clinical skills...
March 10, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276860/a-parsimonious-scoring-and-normative-calculator-for-the-parkinson-s-disease-mild-cognitive-impairment-battery
#13
Ondrej Bezdicek, Zdenek Sulc, Tomas Nikolai, Hana Stepankova, Miloslav Kopecek, Robert Jech, Evžen Růžička
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to provide a regression-based calculator that takes premorbid functioning into account to detect subtle cognitive decline, as is often present in pre-dementia states, especially mild cognitive impairment in Parkinson's disease (PD-MCI). METHOD: We used demographic adjustments based on sex, age, and education of 699 normative participants that fulfilled exclusion criteria for ascertaining the diagnostic accuracy of the Movement Disorders Society PD-MCI battery at Level II...
February 28, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271528/the-animal-naming-test-an-easy-tool-for-the-assessment-of-hepatic-encephalopathy
#14
Francesca Campagna, Sara Montagnese, Lorenzo Ridola, Marco Senzolo, Sami Schiff, Michele De Rui, Chiara Pasquale, Silvia Nardelli, Ilaria Pentassuglio, Carlo Merkel, Paolo Angeli, Oliviero Riggio, Piero Amodio
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Screening for hepatic encephalopathy (HE) that does not cause obvious disorientation or asterixis (MHE/grade I HE) is important. We examined if the animal naming test (ANT1 ) (maximum number of animals listed in one minute) is useful in this context. METHODS: In total, 208 healthy controls, 40 controls with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and 327 consecutive patients with cirrhosis underwent the ANT1 . The patients were tested for MHE by the psychometric hepatic encephalopathy score (PHES), and 146 were assessed by electroencephalography (EEG); 202 patients were followed up regarding the occurrence of overt HE and death...
March 8, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264036/validation-of-the-instrument-of-health-literacy-competencies-for-chinese-speaking-health-professionals
#15
Li-Chun Chang, Yu-Chi Chen, Li-Ling Liao, Fei Ling Wu, Pei-Lin Hsieh, Hsiao-Jung Chen
The study aimed to illustrate the constructs and test the psychometric properties of an instrument of health literacy competencies (IOHLC) for health professionals. A multi-phase questionnaire development method was used to develop the scale. The categorization of the knowledge and practice domains achieved consensus through a modified Delphi process. To reduce the number of items, the 92-item IOHLC was psychometrically evaluated through internal consistency, Rasch modeling, and two-stage factor analysis. In total, 736 practitioners, including nurses, nurse practitioners, health educators, case managers, and dieticians completed the 92-item IOHLC online from May 2012 to January 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263725/adaption-and-validation-of-the-picker-employee-questionnaire-with-hospital-midwives
#16
Katja Stahl, Claudia Schirmer, Laura Kaise
OBJECTIVE: To describe the adaption and psychometric testing of the Picker Employee Questionnaire to measure work environment, work experience, and employee engagement with midwives. DESIGN: Expert interviews, cognitive testing, and online survey for data collection. SETTING: Obstetric departments in Germany. PARTICIPANTS: Midwives employed in German obstetric departments: 3,867 were invited to take part, and 1,692 (44%) responded to the survey...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261035/validation-of-the-polish-version-of-satisfaction-with-asthma-treatment-questionnaire-satq
#17
Katarzyna Dońka, Krzysztof J Czarnocki, Andrzej Emeryk
INTRODUCTION: Among the chronically ill there is a tendency for non-compliance with medical recommendations, which is often due to low satisfaction with the offered treatment. Satisfaction with Asthma Treatment Questionnaire (SATQ) is a questionnaire for measuring satisfaction with the inhalation treatment of asthma in patients of more than 18 years of age. SATQ is a standardized tool that has not been previously used in Poland. SATQ consists of 4 domains: efficiency, ease of use, the burdening with asthma treatment and side effects and concerns...
February 2017: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256337/psychometric-properties-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-attitudes-towards-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-with-defibrillation-acprd-c-among-female-hospital-nurses-in-taiwan
#18
Hsing-Long Lin, Mei-Hsiang Lin, Chao-Chung Ho, Chin-Hua Fu, Malcolm Koo
INTRODUCTION: Nurses are often the first responders to in-hospital cardiac emergencies. A positive attitude towards cardiopulmonary resuscitation with defibrillation may contribute to early cardiopulmonary resuscitation and rapid defibrillation, which are associated with enhanced long-term survival. The aim of this study was to translate and adapt the 31-item attitudes towards cardiopulmonary resuscitation with defibrillation and the national resuscitation guidelines (ACPRD) instrument into Chinese and to evaluate its psychometric properties in a sample of Taiwanese hospital nurses...
February 27, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242366/maternal-support-following-childhood-sexual-abuse-links-to-parent-reported-children-s-outcomes
#19
Rachel Wamser-Nanney
Maternal support is touted to play a critical role in predicting children's symptom trajectories following sexual abuse disclosure. Yet, a recent meta-analysis indicates that this widely held belief may actually have limited empirical support. The lack of correspondence between maternal support and children's symptoms may be the result of the limitations of the prior literature including the use of maternal support measures with inadequate psychometric properties. The aim of the present study was to utilize the only published measure with sufficient psychometrics properties, the Maternal Self-Report Support Questionnaire (MSSQ; Smith et al...
February 24, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241913/fundamental-use-of-surgical-energy-fuse-an-essential-educational-program-for-operating-room-safety
#20
Stephanie B Jones, Malcolm G Munro, Liane S Feldman, Thomas N Robinson, L Michael Brunt, Steven D Schwaitzberg, Daniel B Jones, Pascal R Fuchshuber
Operating room (OR) safety has become a major concern in patient safety since the 1990s. Improvement of team communication and behavior is a popular target for safety programming at the institutional level. Despite these efforts, essential safety gaps remain in the OR and procedure rooms. A prime example is the use of energy-based devices in ORs and procedural areas. The lack of fundamental understanding of energy device function, design, and application contributes to avoidable injury and harm at a rate of approximately 1 to 2 per 1000 patients in the US...
2017: Permanente Journal
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