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Education psychometric

Susanne S Pedersen, Kim Mathiasen, Karl Bang Christensen, Guido Makransky
OBJECTIVE: To assess the psychometric properties of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), a measure of depressive symptoms, in a large Danish national cohort of patients with heart disease, implanted with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), using item response theory. METHODS: A prospective cohort of patients implanted with an ICD (n=1531; 80.4% men) completed the PHQ-9 at the time of implant. Data were analyzed using two item response theory models, the partial credit model and the generalized partial credit model...
November 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Cornelia Mahler, Sarah Berger, Katherine Pollard, Johannes Krisam, Sven Karstens, Joachim Szecsenyi, Katja Krug
The implementation of a bachelor degree in Interprofessional Health Care at the University of Heidelberg, Germany, has fostered the need to evaluate the impact of this innovative programme. The University of the West of England Interprofessional Questionnaire (UWE-IP) was developed for longitudinal evaluation of an interprofessional curriculum. The UWE-IP consists of 35 items in four scales: "Communication and Teamwork Scale," "Interprofessional Learning Scale," "Interprofessional Interaction Scale," and "Interprofessional Relationships Scale...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Christina Hunger, Lena Krause, Rebecca Hilzinger, Beate Ditzen, Jochen Schweitzer
There is a need of an economical, reliable, and valid instrument in the German-speaking countries to measure the burden of relatives who care for mentally ill persons. We translated the Burden Assessment Scale (BAS) and conducted a study investigating factor structure, psychometric quality and predictive validity. We used confirmative factor analyses (CFA, maximum-likelihood method) to examine the dimensionality of the German BAS in a sample of 215 relatives (72% women; M = 32 years, SD = 14, range: 18 to 77; 39% employed) of mentally ill persons (50% (ex-)partner or (best) friend; M = 32 years, SD = 13, range 8 to 64; main complaints were depression and/or anxiety)...
2016: PloS One
Camilla Callegari, Lorenza Bertù, Melissa Lucano, Marta Ielmini, Elena Braggio, Simone Vender
BACKGROUND: In recent years resilience has gained clinical relevance in sociological, psychological, and medical disciplines, and a lot of scales measuring resilience have been developed and have been utilized in the western countries. The aim of the study was to assess the psychometric properties of the Italian version of the 14-item Resilience Scale (RS-14), by describing its validity and reliability. As agreed with the authors of the original English version of the RS-14, it was translated into Italian...
2016: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Eun Sook Kim, Robert F Dedrick, Chunhua Cao, John M Ferron
We provide reporting guidelines for multilevel factor analysis (MFA) and use these guidelines to systematically review 72 MFA applications in journals across a range of disciplines (e.g., education, health/nursing, management, and psychology) published between 1994 and 2014. Results are organized in terms of the (a) characteristics of the MFA application (e.g., construct measured), (b) purpose (e.g., measurement validation), (c) data source (e.g., number of cases at Level 1 and Level 2), (d) statistical approach (e...
October 18, 2016: Multivariate Behavioral Research
Kyoungsan Seo, Misoon Song, Suyoung Choi, Se-An Kim, Sun Ju Chang
AIM: The purpose of this study was to develop the Diabetes Self-Management Behavior for Older Koreans (DSMB-O). This scale is based on the seven relevant domains that have been identified by the American Association of Diabetes Educators (AADE) and is adjusted for sociocultural and age-related characteristics. METHODS: Four phases were used to develop of the DSMB-O as a criterion-referenced measure. In phases 1 and 2, the DSMB-O adopted the AADE's seven domains and established a self-report questionnaire using a small number of items that are applicable to older Koreans...
October 13, 2016: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
Chia-Yi Chiu, Hans-Friedrich Köhn, Yi Zheng, Robert Henson
Joint maximum likelihood estimation (JMLE) is developed for diagnostic classification models (DCMs). JMLE has been barely used in Psychometrics because JMLE parameter estimators typically lack statistical consistency. The JMLE procedure presented here resolves the consistency issue by incorporating an external, statistically consistent estimator of examinees' proficiency class membership into the joint likelihood function, which subsequently allows for the construction of item parameter estimators that also have the consistency property...
October 12, 2016: Psychometrika
Mervi Flinkman, Helena Leino-Kilpi, Olivia Numminen, Yunsuk Jeon, Liisa Kuokkanen, Riitta Meretoja
AIM: To report a systematic and psychometric review. BACKGROUND: The Nurse Competence Scale is currently the most widely used generic instrument to measure registered nurses' competence in different phases of their careers. Based on a decade of research, this review provides a summary of the existing evidence. DESIGN: A systematic literature review of research evidence and psychometric properties. DATA SOURCES: Nine databases from 2004 - October 2015...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Sonia Lorente, Jaume Vives, Josep-Maria Losilla
AIM: To analyse the psychometric properties, outcomes and utility of instruments measuring the patient comfort during hospitalization BACKGROUND: While there are numerous systematic reviews assessing the psychometric properties of health care instruments, none of them is devoted to evaluate the psychometric properties of instruments measuring comfort, which is considered an indicator of quality in health care and is associated to quicker discharges, increased patient satisfaction and stronger cost-benefit ratios for the institution DESIGN: Psychometric Systematic review...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Mohammad Mahdi Parvizi, Mitra Amini, Mohammad Reza Dehghani, Peyman Jafari, Zahra Parvizi
PURPOSE: Evaluation is the main component in design and implementation of educational activities and rapid growth of educational institution programs. Outpatient medical education and clinical training environment is one of the most important parts of training of medical residents. This study aimed to determine the validity and reliability of the Persian version of Ambulatory Care Learning Educational Environment Measure (ACLEEM) questionnaire, as an instrument for assessment of educational environments in residency medical clinics...
2016: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Fiorenza Broggi, Monica Bomba, Michela Rimondini, Maura Mutti, Sara Pasta, Chiara Ricci, Luca Tagliabue, Silvia Valsecchi, Elide Monaco, Francesca Neri, Silvia Oggiano, Renata Nacinovich
A mindful approach to education and training could improve students' reflective capacities and have positive effects on clinical practice because it facilitates a helping relationship. The main aims of this study were to investigate whether participation in a mindful-based University training was associated with increases in mindfulness skills as measured by the 5-Facet M Questionnaire, and to present the Italian validation of the questionnaire. Sixty-seven students from the course Neuro and Psychomotor Therapy were enrolled...
2016: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Simone Reppermund, Rachael C Birch, John D Crawford, Jacqueline Wesson, Brian Draper, Nicole A Kochan, Julian N Trollor, Katharina Luttenberger, Henry Brodaty, Perminder S Sachdev
OBJECTIVES: The distinction between dementia and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) relies upon the evaluation of independence in instrumental activities of daily living (IADL). Self- and informant reports are prone to bias. Clinician-based performance tests are limited by long administration times, restricted access, or inadequate validation. To close this gap, we developed and validated a performance-based measure of IADL, the Sydney Test of Activities of Daily Living in Memory Disorders (STAM)...
October 6, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Elina Tor, Carole Steketee, Donna Mak
Objectives: To evaluate the merit of the Clinical Audit Project (CAP) in an assessment program for undergraduate medical education using a systematic assessment validation framework. Methods: A cross-sectional assessment validation study at one medical school in Western Australia, with retrospective qualitative analysis of the design, development, implementation and outcomes of the CAP, and quantitative analysis of assessment data from four cohorts of medical students (2011- 2014)...
September 24, 2016: International Journal of Medical Education
Karin Veldman, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Maarten M H Lahr, Ronald J Uittenbroek, Klaske Wynia
BACKGROUND: Self-management is an important asset in helping older adults remain independent and in control for as long as possible. There is no reliable and valid measurement instrument to evaluate self-management behaviour of older adults. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to design a measurement instrument, that is the Partners in Health scale for older adults (PIH-OA), to assess self-management knowledge and behaviour of community-living older adults and to examine its psychometric properties in a Dutch context...
October 7, 2016: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
Lucia K Gonzales, Dale Glaser, Lois Howland, Mary Jo Clark, Susie Hutchins, Karen Macauley, Jacqueline F Close, Noelle Lipkin Leveque, Kim Reina Failla, Raelene Brooks, Jillian Ward
BACKGROUND: A number of studies across different disciplines have investigated students' learning styles. Differences are known to exist between graduate and baccalaureate nursing students. However, few studies have investigated the learning styles of students in graduate entry nursing programs. . OBJECTIVES: Study objective was to describe graduate entry nursing students' learning styles. DESIGN/SETTING/PARTICIPANTS/METHODS: A descriptive design was used for this study...
September 28, 2016: Nurse Education Today
C Hsiao, L Richter, T Makusha, B Matafwali, A van Heerden, M Mabaso
BACKGROUND: There are few readily available, relatively easy to use and culturally adaptable developmental assessment tools for young children in southern Africa. The overarching aim of this study is to test the psychometric properties, contextual appropriateness and cut-off scores across 21 age groups of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire Third Edition (Squires & Bricker, ) among a group of typically developing children in South Africa and Zambia through a combination of both caregiver-report and direct observations, and to compare children's performance across sociodemographic variables...
October 5, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
Quinn N Lathrop, Ying Cheng
Item cloning is increasingly used to generate slight differences in tasks for use in psychological experiments and educational assessments. This paper investigates the psychometric issues that arise when item cloning introduces variation into the difficulty parameters of the item clones. Four models are proposed and evaluated in simulation studies with conditions representing possible types of variation due to item cloning. Depending on the model specified, unaccounted variance in the item clone difficulties propagates to other parameters in the model, causing specific and predictable patterns of bias...
October 3, 2016: Psychometrika
Benjamin Banai, Višnja Perin
Psychological correlates of academic performance have always been of high relevance to psychological research. The relation between psychometric intelligence and academic performance is one of the most consistent and well-established findings in psychology. It is hypothesized that intelligence puts a limit on what an individual can learn or achieve. Moreover, a growing body of literature indicates a relationship between personality traits and academic performance. This relationship helps us to better understand how an individual will learn or achieve their goals...
2016: PloS One
Vidya Ramaswamy, Wilhelm Piskorowski, Mark Fitzgerald, Howard A Hamerink, Stephen Stefanac, Rachel Greene, Marilyn S Lantz
Since 2006, the University of Michigan School of Dentistry has used a 13-point measure of overall competence instrument to assess fourth-year dental students' end-rotation performance at community clinics. The aim of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of this instrument used by preceptors to rate students' overall competence during community-based dental education experiences. The measure was analyzed using performance ratings for all fourth-year DDS students in the graduating classes of 2012 and 2013 (combined n=201)...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Education
Maiko Sakamoto
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this special issue was to describe the cross-cultural differences in neuropsychology throughout the world. The current state of neuropsychology in Japan is discussed in this manuscript. METHOD: Information on six topics, including (1) the history of Japanese neuropsychology, (2) licensure system, (3) job opportunities, (4) neuropsychological clinical services, (5) neuropsychological tests, and (6) neuropsychological research, was gathered via literature searches, official organization websites, and personal communication with clinical psychologists and other professionals in Japan...
November 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
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