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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914319/intolerance-of-uncertainty-scale-measurement-invariance-among-adolescent-boys-and-girls-and-relationships-with-anxiety-and-risk-taking
#1
Laura M S Dekkers, Brenda R J Jansen, Elske Salemink, Hilde M Huizenga
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adolescence-related increases in both anxiety and risk taking may originate in variability in Intolerance of Uncertainty (IU), rendering the study of IU of importance. We therefore studied the psychometric properties of the Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale-Short version (IUS-12), including its associations with trait anxiety and risk taking, among adolescents. METHODS: A sample of 879 Dutch adolescents, from diverse educational levels, and with an equal distribution of boys and girls, was classically tested...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904637/development-and-initial-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-hospitalization-related-stressors-questionnaire-for-elderly-patients
#2
Zahra Musavi, Mousa Alavi, Nasrollah Alimohammadi, Habibollah Hosseini
BACKGROUND: Various factors threaten the health and recovery of hospitalized elderly, including stressors in medical service centers. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to develop and preliminary validate a measurement tool to assess hospitalization-related stressors (HRS) among the elderly. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This methodological research was conducted in 2015. The study was performed in two main phases. In the first phase, which was to develop the questionnaire, the data were collected through literature review, interview with few elderly patients, and calculating content validity index with the participation of 16 experts...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894201/screening-for-cognitive-dysfunction-in-als-validation-of-the-edinburgh-cognitive-and-behavioural-als-screen-ecas-using-age-and-education-adjusted-normative-data
#3
Marta Pinto-Grau, Tom Burke, Katie Lonergan, Caroline McHugh, Iain Mays, Caoifa Madden, Alice Vajda, Mark Heverin, Marwa Elamin, Orla Hardiman, Niall Pender
BACKGROUND: Cognitive and behavioural changes are an important aspect in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). The Edinburgh Cognitive and Behavioural ALS Screen (ECAS) briefly assesses these changes in ALS. OBJECTIVE: To validate the ECAS against a standardised neuropsychological battery and assess its sensitivity and specificity using age and education adjusted cut-off scores. METHOD: 30 incident ALS cases were assessed on both, ECAS and neuropsychological battery...
November 28, 2016: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893845/meta-heuristics-in-short-scale-construction-ant-colony-optimization-and-genetic-algorithm
#4
Ulrich Schroeders, Oliver Wilhelm, Gabriel Olaru
The advent of large-scale assessment, but also the more frequent use of longitudinal and multivariate approaches to measurement in psychological, educational, and sociological research, caused an increased demand for psychometrically sound short scales. Shortening scales economizes on valuable administration time, but might result in inadequate measures because reducing an item set could: a) change the internal structure of the measure, b) result in poorer reliability and measurement precision, c) deliver measures that cannot effectively discriminate between persons on the intended ability spectrum, and d) reduce test-criterion relations...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889582/the-chinese-version-of-instrument-of-professional-attitude-for-student-nurses-ipasn-assessment-of-reliability-and-validity
#5
Yu-Ying Xiao, Ting Li, Lin Xiao, Su-Wei Wang, Si-Qi Wang, Han-Xiao Wang, Bei-Bei Wang, Yu-Lin Gao
BACKGROUND: Professional attitude is of great importance for nursing talents in the modern society. To develop an effective educational program for student nurses in China, an appropriate instrument is required for the assessment of their professional attitude. OBJECTIVE: To assess the validity and reliability of the Instrument of Professional Attitude for Student Nurses (IPASN) in Chinese version. METHODS: The original version of IPASN was translated through Brislin model (translation, back translation, culture adaption and pilot study) with the authorization from the developer...
November 18, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881178/measuring-stress-in-medical-education-validation-of-the-korean-version-of-the-higher-education-stress-inventory-with-medical-students
#6
Eun-Jung Shim, Hong Jin Jeon, Hana Kim, Kwang-Min Lee, Dooyoung Jung, Hae-Lim Noh, Myoung-Sun Roh, Bong-Jin Hahm
BACKGROUND: Medical students face a variety of stressors associated with their education; if not promptly identified and adequately dealt with, it may bring about several negative consequences in terms of mental health and academic performance. This study examined psychometric properties of the Korean version of the Higher Education Stress Inventory (K-HESI). METHODS: The reliability and validity of the K-HESI were examined in a large scale multi-site survey involving 7110 medical students...
November 24, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873404/the-show-must-go-on-patients-props-and-pedagogy-in-the-theatre-of-the-osce
#7
Gerard J Gormley, Brian D Hodges, Nancy McNaughton, Jennifer L Johnston
 According to Shakespeare, all the world's a stage, and all the men and women merely players. The objective structured clinical examination (OSCE), that most ubiquitous form of assessment in health professions education, offers us a particular instance of this maxim. Comprising at first glance a world of psychometric data, detailed checklists and global rating scales, the OSCE sets out to facilitate the assessment of a candidate's competence in a highly standardised and objective fashion. Despite this clear intention, OSCEs also offer a rich vein of (often unacknowledged) social and cultural processes...
December 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873137/casper-an-online-pre-interview-screen-for-personal-professional-characteristics-prediction-of-national-licensure-scores
#8
Kelly L Dore, Harold I Reiter, Sharyn Kreuger, Geoffrey R Norman
Typically, only a minority of applicants to health professional training are invited to interview. However, pre-interview measures of cognitive skills predict for national licensure scores (Gauer et al. in Med Educ Online 21 2016) and subsequently licensure scores predict for performance in practice (Tamblyn et al. in JAMA 288(23): 3019-3026, 2002; Tamblyn et al. in JAMA 298(9):993-1001, 2007). Assessment of personal and professional characteristics, with the same psychometric rigour of measures of cognitive abilities, are needed upstream in the selection to health profession training programs...
November 21, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870547/prescribers-perceptions-of-medication-discontinuation-survey-instrument-development-and-validation
#9
Amy Linsky, Steven R Simon, Kelly Stolzmann, Barbara G Bokhour, Mark Meterko
OBJECTIVES: Primary care providers (PCPs) and clinical pharmacists have concerns about the adverse consequences of using medications inappropriately and generally support the notion of reducing unnecessary drugs. Despite this attitude, many factors impede clinicians' ability to discontinue medication in clinical settings. We sought to develop a survey instrument that assesses PCPs' and pharmacists' experiences, attitudes, and beliefs toward medication discontinuation. STUDY DESIGN: Survey development and psychometric assessment...
November 2016: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866323/measuring-compassion-in-healthcare-a-comprehensive-and-critical-review
#10
REVIEW
Shane Sinclair, Lara B Russell, Thomas F Hack, Jane Kondejewski, Richard Sawatzky
BACKGROUND: There is international concern about the lack of compassion in healthcare systems. A valid and reliable tool for measuring compassion in healthcare systems and educational institutions is required. This comprehensive and critical narrative synthesis identified and compared existing measures of compassionate care in clinical settings. METHODS: PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL and PsycINFO databases and grey literature were searched to identify studies that report information on instruments that measure compassion or compassionate care in clinicians, nurses, healthcare students and patients...
November 19, 2016: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856555/rasch-analysis-for-instrument-development-why-when-and-how
#11
William J Boone
This essay describes Rasch analysis psychometric techniques and how such techniques can be used by life sciences education researchers to guide the development and use of surveys and tests. Specifically, Rasch techniques can be used to document and evaluate the measurement functioning of such instruments. Rasch techniques also allow researchers to construct "Wright maps" to explain the meaning of a test score or survey score and develop alternative forms of tests and surveys. Rasch techniques provide a mechanism by which the quality of life sciences-related tests and surveys can be optimized and the techniques can be used to provide a context (e...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846106/chinese-version-of-psychometric-evaluation-of-self-reflection-and-insight-scale-on-taiwanese-nursing-students
#12
Shu-Yueh Chen, Chen-Chun Lai, Hui-Mei Chang, Hui-Chen Hsu, Hsiang-Chu Pai
BACKGROUND: Self-reflection (also known as reflection) is an internal process that is difficult to perceive or assess. An instrument that is able to measure self-reflection may serve as a resource for educators to assess the learning process of students and to tailor education approaches to student needs. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to translate the Self-Reflection and Insight Scale (SRIS) into Chinese and evaluate its psychometric properties for use with Taiwanese nursing students...
December 2016: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844173/assessment-of-apathy-independent-of-physical-disability-validation-of-the-dimensional-apathy-scale-in-italian-healthy-sample
#13
Gabriella Santangelo, Simona Raimo, Mattia Siciliano, Alfonsina D'Iorio, Fausta Piscopo, Sofia Cuoco, Marianna Bottone, Francesca Trojsi, Dario Grossi, Luigi Trojano
Apathy is well described in neurodegenerative diseases characterized by motor disability; therefore, assessment of apathy avoiding possible confounding effects of motor impairments is necessary in neurological diseases. Recently, the Dimensional Apathy Scale (DAS) was developed to assess apathy as multifaceted construct, independent of physical disability. We developed the Italian version of the Dimensional Apathy Scale (I-DAS) and explored its psychometric properties in a sample of 309 healthy individuals...
November 14, 2016: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843462/scale-development-and-psychometrics-for-parents-satisfaction-with-developmental-care-in-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#14
Hassan Rafiey, Farin Soleimani, Shahnaz Torkzahrani, Mahyar Salavati, Malihe Nasiri
OBJECTIVE: Developmental care comprises a wide range of medical and nursing interventions used in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to mitigate and reduce stressors affecting preterm or ill neonates. Because patient satisfaction survey is a valuable quality improvement tool, we aimed to develop and test the psychometric properties of a tool for measuring parent satisfaction of developmental care in the NICU. MATERIALS &METHODS: In this psychometric methodological study, the item pool and initial questionnaire were designed based on a comprehensive literature review and exploring NICU parent satisfaction questionnaires...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843461/contra-lateral-auditory-brainstem-responses-in-dyslexia
#15
Mehdi Akbari, Mohammad Taghi Joghataei, Akram Noorbakht, Mohammad Sadegh Jenabi
OBJECTIVE: Developmental care comprises a wide range of medical and nursing interventions used in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to mitigate and reduce stressors affecting preterm or ill neonates. Because patient satisfaction survey is a valuable quality improvement tool, we aimed to develop and test the psychometric properties of a tool for measuring parent satisfaction of developmental care in the NICU. MATERIALS &METHODS: In this psychometric methodological study, the item pool and initial questionnaire were designed based on a comprehensive literature review and exploring NICU parent satisfaction questionnaires...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843054/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-and-nonrandomized-trials-of-clinical-emotional-freedom-techniques-eft-for-the-treatment-of-depression
#16
Jerrod A Nelms, Liana Castel
BACKGROUND: Among a group of therapies collectively known as energy psychology (EP), emotional freedom techniques (EFT) is the most widely practiced. Clinical EFT is an evidence-based practice combining elements of cognitive and exposure therapies with the manual stimulation of acupuncture points (acupoints). Lacking is a recent quantitative meta-analysis that enhances understanding of the variability and clinical significance of outcomes after clinical EFT treatment in reducing depression...
August 18, 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842974/-a-longitudinal-3%C3%A2-years-study-of-the-development-of-four-children-with-autism-without-mental-retardation-after-90%C3%A2-sessions-of-social-skills-training
#17
M Liratni, C Blanchet, R Pry
INTRODUCTION: Few studies on social skills training essentially based on ABA techniques are dedicated to children with autism aged 5 to 10 years whereas autistic disorders can be diagnosed in very early childhood. Generally, the main criticisms about these social skills training are: shortness of programs (around 20 sessions), no manual with precise descriptions of sessions and used techniques, and a lack of generalization of the learned skills in everyday life. OBJECTIVES: To describe the evolution (before/after) of symptoms and sociocommunicative skills of 7 children with autism and no mental retardation (mean age=7...
November 11, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825576/translation-and-adaptation-of-the-french-version-of-the-heart-disease-fact-questionnaire-rheumatoid-arthritis-hdfq-ra-1-2
#18
Thomas Frayssac, Françoise Fayet, Malory Rodere, Carine Savel, Martin Soubrier, Bruno Pereira
OBJECTIVES: Rheumatoid arthritis constitutes a cardiovascular risk factor as significant as diabetes, yet remains insufficiently managed. The Heart Disease Fact Questionnaire - Rheumatoid Arthritis (HDFQ-RA1&2) is a self-questionnaire that assesses patients' general knowledge about cardiovascular risk and more specifically associated with rheumatoid arthritis and its treatments. Objectives are to translate and adapt the HDFQ-RA into French and assess its psychometric properties in order for it to be used as instructional material by nurses in therapeutic education...
November 4, 2016: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824872/good-psychometric-properties-of-the-addiction-version-of-the-revised-illness-perception-questionnaire-for-health-care-professionals
#19
Astri Parawita Ayu, Boukje Dijkstra, Milou Golbach, Cor De Jong, Arnt Schellekens
BACKGROUND: Addiction, or substance dependence, is nowadays considered a chronic relapsing condition. However, perceptions of addiction vary widely, also among healthcare professionals. Perceptions of addiction are thought to contribute to attitude and stigma towards patients with addiction. However, studies into perceptions of addiction among healthcare professionals are limited and instruments for reliable assessment of their perceptions are lacking. The Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ) is widely used to evaluate perceptions of illness...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822304/the-student-resilience-survey-psychometric-validation-and-associations-with-mental-health
#20
Suzet Tanya Lereya, Neil Humphrey, Praveetha Patalay, Miranda Wolpert, Jan R Böhnke, Amy Macdougall, Jessica Deighton
BACKGROUND: Policies, designed to promote resilience, and research, to understand the determinants and correlates of resilience, require reliable and valid measures to ensure data quality. The student resilience survey (SRS) covers a range of external supports and internal characteristics which can potentially be viewed as protective factors and can be crucial in exploring the mechanisms between protective factors and risk factors, and to design intervention and prevention strategies...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
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