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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221093/u-s-diagnostic-reference-levels-and-achievable-doses-for-10-adult-ct-examinations
#1
Kalpana M Kanal, Priscilla F Butler, Debapriya Sengupta, Mythreyi Bhargavan-Chatfield, Laura P Coombs, Richard L Morin
Purpose To develop diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) and achievable doses (ADs) for the 10 most common adult computed tomographic (CT) examinations in the United States as a function of patient size by using the CT Dose Index Registry. Materials and Methods Data from the 10 most commonly performed adult CT head, neck, and body examinations from 583 facilities were analyzed. For head examinations, the lateral thickness was used as an indicator of patient size; for neck and body examinations, water-equivalent diameter was used...
February 21, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219386/advancing-system-and-policy-changes-for-social-and-racial-justice-comparing-a-rural-and-urban-community-based-participatory-research-partnership-in-the-u-s
#2
Carlos Devia, Elizabeth A Baker, Shannon Sanchez-Youngman, Ellen Barnidge, Maxine Golub, Freda Motton, Michael Muhammad, Charmaine Ruddock, Belinda Vicuña, Nina Wallerstein
BACKGROUND: The paper examines the role of community-based participatory research (CBPR) within the context of social justice literature and practice. METHODS: Two CBPR case studies addressing health inequities related to Type 2 Diabetes and Cardiovascular disease were selected from a national cross-site study assessing effective academic-community research partnerships. One CBPR partnership works with African Americans in rural Pemiscot County, Missouri and the other CBPR partnership works with African American and Latinos in urban South Bronx, New York City...
February 21, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215520/the-champion-s-creed-shared-values-of-athletes-and-academicians
#3
Laura M Fayad
Although the pursuit of sports may be dismissed as unimportant by those in the academic fields, sports are pervasive, and in our society, elite athletes are revered. There are lessons to be appreciated from the training journey and ultimate achievements of such athletes, which parallel the development and sustainment of the academic radiologist on many fronts, including educational training, clinical work, the pursuit of research, and for some, the culmination of a career in a leadership role.
December 27, 2016: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215386/learning-about-and-using-research-evidence-among-public-health-practitioners
#4
Rebekah R Jacob, Peg M Allen, Linda J Ahrendt, Ross C Brownson
INTRODUCTION: Funders and accreditation standards increasingly call on state and local public health agencies to use the best available science. Using research evidence is a key process in practicing evidence-based decision making (EBDM). This study explored preferences for and uses of research evidence, and examined correlates regarding frequency of use. METHODS: In 2014, eligible staff from 12 state health departments and their partnering agencies were invited to complete an online self-report questionnaire and achieved an 82% response rate (1,237/1,509)...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215377/healthy-empowered-youth-a-positive-youth-development-program-for-native-youth
#5
Stephanie N Craig Rushing, Nichole L Hildebrandt, Carol J Grimes, Amanda J Rowsell, Benjamin C Christensen, William E Lambert
INTRODUCTION: During 2010-2012, Oregon Health & Science University's Prevention Research Center, a Northwest Tribe, and the Northwest Portland Area Indian Health Board, collaborated to evaluate the Healthy & Empowered Youth Project, a school- and community-based positive youth development program for American Indian and Alaska Native high school students. METHODS: The Native STAND (Students Together Against Negative Decisions) curriculum was enhanced with hands-on learning activities in media design to engage students in sexual and reproductive health topics covered by the curriculum...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215375/challenges-and-lessons-learned-from-a-prevention-research-center-partnership
#6
EDITORIAL
Lesley Cottrell, Karen Northrup, Richard Wittberg
For more than a decade, the West Virginia Prevention Research Center, Mid-Ohio Valley Health Department, and the Wood County Schools have built and sustained a partnership to reduce health disparities and promote population health. Specifically, this partnership has contributed significantly to the peer-reviewed literature on children's physical activity, fitness, and academic achievement, as well as identifying possible areas for physical activity interventions (within the school and community settings) that would improve health and academic outcomes...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215370/the-healthy-aging-research-network-modeling-collaboration-for-community-impact
#7
EDITORIAL
Basia Belza, Mary Altpeter, Matthew Lee Smith, Marcia G Ory
As the first Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Prevention Research Centers Program thematic network, the Healthy Aging Research Network was established to better understand the determinants of healthy aging within older adult populations, identify interventions that promote healthy aging, and assist in translating research into sustainable community-based programs throughout the nation. To achieve these goals requires concerted efforts of a collaborative network of academic, community, and public health organizational partnerships...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213581/a-program-aimed-toward-inclusive-excellence-for-underrepresented-undergraduate-women-in-the-sciences
#8
Laura A Katz, Kathryn M Aloisio, Nicholas J Horton, Minh Ly, Sara Pruss, Kate Queeney, Cate Rowen, Patricia Marten DiBartolo
Created to foster inclusive excellence, Smith College's Achieving Excellence in Mathematics, Engineering, and Science (AEMES) Scholars program provides early faculty-mentored research opportunities and other programming as a way to foster success in academic outcomes for underrepresented women in science. Using academic record data, we compared Scholars' outcomes over time with those of underrepresented students before program launch and to relevant peer comparison groups. Since its launch, AEMES Scholars have achieved significantly higher gateway life sciences course grade point averages (GPAs), rates of persistence in life and natural sciences, and participation in natural sciences advanced research relative to baseline...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212468/-the-dissertation-as-a-final-product-of-a-specialty-in-medicine
#9
Manuel Ramiro-H, Enrique Cruz-A
Submitting a written report of a research proyect, also known as dissertation (or thesis), is one of the requirements established by academic institutions for the student to achieve the degree of specialist in medicine. Preparing the dissertation is not only an academic challenge for postgraduate students and professors; it is also a logistical challenge. Highlighting that effort and the dissertation itself will result in a better attention for the beneficiaries of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social.
2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211002/factors-that-influence-effective-perioperative-temperature-management-by-anesthesiologists-a-qualitative-study-using-the-theoretical-domains-framework
#10
Sylvain Boet, Andrea M Patey, Justine S Baron, Karim Mohamed, Ashlee-Ann E Pigford, Gregory L Bryson, Jamie C Brehaut, Jeremy M Grimshaw
PURPOSE: Inadvertent perioperative hypothermia (IPH) is associated with a range of adverse outcomes. Safe and effective warming techniques exist to prevent IPH; however, IPH remains common. This study aimed to identify factors that anesthesiologists perceive may influence temperature management during the perioperative period. METHODS: After Research Ethics Board approval, semi-structured interviews were conducted with staff anesthesiologists at a Canadian academic hospital...
February 16, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203115/medical-internship-training-in-saudi-arabia-interns-views-and-perceptions
#11
Ali I Swaid, Abdelkhalig H Elhilu, Mohamed S Mahfouz
BACKGROUND: Internship training offers an important opportunity for personal development and career planning. However, there are many factors affecting the efficiency of training, and the views of interns are rarely considered. The main objective of this study was to explore the views of interns enrolled in Jazan University internship program during the year 2015. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A web-based cross-sectional study was conducted in the Jazan region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, during the academic year 2015...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202139/life-course-changes-in-the-mediation-of-cognitive-and-non-cognitive-skills-for-parental-effects-on-children-s-academic-achievement
#12
Amy Hsin, Yu Xie
We assess life-course changes in how cognitive and noncognitive skills mediate the effect of parental SES on children's academic achievement using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort. Our results show: (1) the direct effect of parental SES declines while the mediating effect of skills increases over time; (2) cognitive and non-cognitive skills differ in their temporal sensitivities to parental origin; and (3) in contrast to the effect of cognitive skills, the mediating effect of non-cognitive skills increases over time because non-cognitive skills are more sensitive to changes in parental SES...
March 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198342/-career-development-of-medical-school-graduates-comparison-of-medical-students-from-utrecht-leiden-and-groningen
#13
V van Dee, B M van der Klis, M R van Dijk
OBJECTIVE: To gain insight in the career development of Utrecht medical school graduates. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHOD: In November 2015, we investigated the achieved academic title, occupation and position for 281 graduates who had started their medical education at University Medical Centre Utrecht (UMCU) in the academic year 2003-2004. Information was gathered from the BIG-register for medical professionals, through social media and Google, and if necessary through private messaging...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197995/explaining-academic-track-boys-underachievement-in-language-grades-not-a-lack-of-aptitude-but-students-motivational-beliefs-and-parents-perceptions
#14
Anke Heyder, Ursula Kessels, Ricarda Steinmayr
BACKGROUND: Boys earn lower grades in languages than girls. The expectancy-value model by Eccles et al. (, A series of books in psychology. Achievement and achievement motives. Psychological and sociological approaches, W.H. Freeman, San Francisco, CA, 76) is a comprehensive theoretical model for explaining gender differences in educational outcomes. In the past, most studies have focused on girls' disadvantage in math and science and on the role of the students' motivational beliefs...
February 15, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197983/evaluating-an-advisor-program-for-psychiatry-residents
#15
Obianuju O Berry, Mary Sciutto, Deborah Cabaniss, Melissa Arbuckle
PURPOSE: A formal residency advisory program was instituted in 2010 to assist psychiatry residents in achieving academic and personal goals and to help identify additional mentors. In this project the authors sought to evaluate and improve resident and faculty satisfaction with the residency advisory program. METHODS: At the end of the 2013-2014 academic period, residents completed an anonymous survey to determine baseline satisfaction with the residency advisory program...
February 14, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197109/achievement-goal-orientations-and-adolescents-subjective-well-being-in-school-the-mediating-roles-of-academic-social-comparison-directions
#16
Lili Tian, Tingting Yu, E Scott Huebner
The purpose of this study was to examine the multiple mediational roles of academic social comparison directions (upward academic social comparison and downward academic social comparison) on the relationships between achievement goal orientations (i.e., mastery goals, performance-approach goals, and performance-avoidance goals) and subjective well-being (SWB) in school (school satisfaction, school affect) in adolescent students in China. A total of 883 Chinese adolescent students (430 males; Mean age = 12...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196034/long-term-results-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-with-contemporary-rotating-hinge-prostheses
#17
Umberto Cottino, Matthew P Abdel, Kevin I Perry, Kristin C Mara, David G Lewallen, Arlen D Hanssen
BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with a rotating-hinge prosthesis is considered a salvage procedure. While excellent immediate stability is achieved, the historically high failure rate has tempered its use. The goal of this study was to determine clinical outcomes, radiographic results, and survivorship after TKA with contemporary rotating-hinge components. METHODS: We identified 408 consecutive TKAs performed with rotating-hinge components for nononcologic indications from 2002 to 2012 at a single academic institution...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195931/should-antipsychotic-medications-for-schizophrenia-be-given-for-a-lifetime-a-naturalistic-long-term-follow-up-study
#18
Ira D Glick, John M Davis, Daisy Zamora, Jacob Ballon, Meena Nuthi
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia remains a major health problem despite antipsychotic medications that, for most patients, can decrease acute symptoms, decrease relapses, and contribute to partial and sometimes strong positive response in patients with chronic symptoms. What has not been clear-because a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial is not feasible or ethical-is how many years after the initial episode, or onset of antipsychotic treatment, should medication be continued to achieve the best global outcome...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195021/the-role-of-school-principals-in-shaping-children-s-values
#19
Yair Berson, Shaul Oreg
Instilling values in children is among the cornerstones of every society. There is wide agreement that beyond academic teaching, schools play an important role in shaping schoolchildren's character, imparting in them values such as curiosity, achievement, benevolence, and citizenship. Despite the importance of this topic, we know very little about whether and how schools affect children's values. In this large-scale longitudinal study, we examined school principals' roles in the development of children's values...
December 2016: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194689/exploring-physician-perspectives-of-residency-holdover-handoffs-a-qualitative-study-to-understand-an-increasingly-important-type-of-handoff
#20
Jonathan A Duong, Trevor P Jensen, Sasha Morduchowicz, Michelle Mourad, James D Harrison, Sumant R Ranji
BACKGROUND: The term "holdover admissions" refers to patients admitted by an overnight physician and whose care is then transferred to a new primary team the next morning. Descriptions of the holdover process in internal medicine are sparse. OBJECTIVE: To identify important factors affecting the quality of holdover handoffs at an internal medicine (IM) residency program and to compare them to previously identified factors for other handoffs. DESIGN: We undertook a qualitative study using structured focus groups and interviews...
February 13, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
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