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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346878/how-appropriate-are-the-english-language-test-requirements-for-non-uk-trained-nurses-a-qualitative-study-of-spoken-communication-in-uk-hospitals
#1
Carole Sedgwick, Mark Garner
BACKGROUND: Non-native speakers of English who hold nursing qualifications from outside the UK are required to provide evidence of English language competence by achieving a minimum overall score of Band 7 on the International English Language Testing System (IELTS) academic test. OBJECTIVES: To describe the English language required to deal with the daily demands of nursing in the UK. To compare these abilities with the stipulated levels on the language test. DESIGN: A tracking study was conducted with 4 nurses, and focus groups with 11 further nurses...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346648/glomus-faciale-tumors-a-report-of-3-cases-and-literature-review
#2
Sahar Nadimi, John P Leonetti, Sam J Marzo, Douglas E Anderson, Gulrez Mahmood, Derek Bumgarner
Our objectives in reporting this case series are to familiarize readers with the rare occurrence of paragangliomas originating along the facial nerve and to provide a literature review. We describe 3 such cases that occurred at our tertiary care academic medical center. Two women and 1 man presented with a tumor adjacent to the vertical segment of the facial nerve. The first patient, a 48-year-old woman, presented with what appeared to be a parotid tumor at the stylomastoid foramen; she underwent a parotidectomy, transmastoid facial nerve decompression, and a shave biopsy of the tumor...
March 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346604/blended-learning-educational-format-for-third-year-pediatrics-clinical-rotation
#3
Erik E Langenau, Robert Lee, Marci Fults
CONTEXT: Traditional medical education is shifting to incorporate learning technologies and online educational activities with traditional face-to-face clinical instruction to engage students, especially at remote clinical training sites. OBJECTIVE: To describe and evaluate the effectiveness of the blended learning format (combining online and face-to-face instruction) for third-year osteopathic medical students during their pediatric rotation. METHODS: Third-year medical students who completed the 4-week clerkship in pediatrics during the 2014-2015 academic year were divided into a standard learning group and a blended learning group with online activities (discussion boards, blogs, virtual patient encounters, narrated video presentations, and online training modules)...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345331/cervical-cancer-screening-in-iranian-women-healthcare-practitioner-perceptions-and-views
#4
Mansoureh Refaei, Nahid Dehghan Nayeri, Zohreh Khakbazan, Minoo Pakgohar
Background: Although regular screening for cervical cancer with the Papanicolaou test is an important element for reducing the incidence and mortality of cervical cancer, the actual screening program in Iranian women is not sufficiently comprehensive at present. The purpose of this study was to explore healthcare provider perceptions of factors affecting cervical cancer screening in Iranian women. Methods: In this qualitative study performed from September 2015 to August 2016 in Hamadan, Iran, we conducted semi-structured in depth interviews with 14 healthcare providers selected purposefully...
February 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343063/motives-for-illicit-prescription-drug-use-among-university-students-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Trevor Bennett, Katy Holloway
BACKGROUND: There is a growing body of research on the motives for prescription drug misuse (PDM) among university students. However, the overall findings of this research are hard to decipher. Studies use different methods, they examine different drug types, the motives are phrased in various ways, and the results differ widely. In order to make sense of this body of knowledge, it is necessary to synthesise the results across studies and draw out conclusions. METHODS: The research comprises a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies on the motives of university students for illicit use of four different types of prescription medication (stimulants, analgesics, tranquillisers and sedatives)...
March 23, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340498/academic-difficulties-in-children-with-prenatal-alcohol-exposure-presence-profile-and-neural-correlates
#6
Leila Glass, Eileen M Moore, Natacha Akshoomoff, Kenneth Lyons Jones, Edward P Riley, Sarah N Mattson
BACKGROUND: Academic achievement was evaluated in children with heavy prenatal alcohol exposure to determine potential strengths and weaknesses, evaluate the utility of different definitions for identifying low academic performance, and explore the neural correlates that may underlie academic performance. METHODS: Children (8 to 16 years) were assessed using the WIAT-II. Patterns of performance were examined in 2 subject groups: children with heavy prenatal alcohol exposure (n = 67) and controls (n = 61)...
March 24, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340224/the-association-of-context-specific-sitting-time-and-physical-activity-intensity-to-working-memory-capacity-and-academic-achievement-in-young-adults
#7
Mireia Felez-Nobrega, Charles H Hillman, Eva Cirera, Anna Puig-Ribera
To examine combined associations between self-reported context-specific sitting time (ST) and physical activity (PA) with working memory capacity (WMC) and academic achievement in a sample of Spanish adults. Undergraduate students ( n = 371; 21 years ± 3 years, 44% female) were recruited from University of Vic-Central University of Catalonia. Participants completed a 54-item survey that assessed socio-demographic variables (e.g. age, gender, academic year), min/week of light (LPA), moderate (MPA) and vigorous (VPA) intensity PA (International Physical Activity Questionnaire), min/day of domain-specific ST (Last 7 days sedentary behavior questionnaire) and academic performance (grade point average)...
March 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338412/adolescent-changes-in-aerobic-fitness-are-related-to-changes-in-academic-achievement
#8
Lauren B Raine, John R Biggan, Carol L Baym, Brian J Saliba, Neal J Cohen, Charles H Hillman
There is a growing trend of decreasing physical fitness among adolescents, which may not only result in poorer physical health, but also poorer academic achievement. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the changes in aerobic fitness and academic achievement in reading and mathematics during middle school. METHOD: This study employed a prospective, longitudinal cross-sectional design. Fifty-two adolescents were followed from sixth grade through eighth grade...
March 24, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334802/engagement-strategies-that-foster-community-self-determination-in-participatory-research-insider-ownership-through-outsider-championship
#9
Jon Salsberg, Soultana Macridis, Enrique Garcia Bengoechea, Ann C Macaulay, Spencer Moore
Background.: In order to maximize the benefits of community-based participatory research, effective ownership over the research process must be at least equally in the hands of the community. A previous social network analysis documented that the participatory research process shifted ownership from academic to community partners, but did not show what actions and strategies fostered this shift. Objectives.: This study follows the trajectory of a community-academic partnership and asks, from the perspective of the project stakeholders, which actions and strategies over the lifespan of the research led to the observed shift in ownership and decision-making from the original external academics to the community stakeholders? Methods...
February 18, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334566/improving-communication-with-primary-care-physicians-at-the-time-of-hospital-discharge
#10
Lauren A Destino, Amy Dixit, Julie L Pantaleoni, Matthew S Wood, Natalie M Pageler, Joe Kim, Terry S Platchek
BACKGROUND: Communication with primary care physicians (PCPs) at the time of a patient's hospital discharge is important to safely transition care to home. The goal of this quality improvement initiative was to increase discharge communication to PCPs at an academic children's hospital. METHODS: A multidisciplinary team at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital Stanford used Lean A3 problem solving methodology to address the problem of inadequate discharge communication with PCPs...
February 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334438/insurance-denials-for-cancer-clinical-trial-participation-after-the-affordable-care-act-mandate
#11
Christine B Mackay, Kaitlyn R Antonelli, Suanna S Bruinooge, Jarron M Saint Onge, Shellie D Ellis
BACKGROUND: The Affordable Care Act (ACA) includes a mandate requiring most private health insurers to cover routine patient care costs for cancer clinical trial participation; however, the impact of this provision on cancer centers' efforts to accrue patients to clinical trials has not been well described. METHODS: First, members of cancer research centers and community-based institutions (n = 252) were surveyed to assess the status of insurance denials, and then, a focused survey (n = 77) collected denial details...
March 23, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334371/comparative-study-of-functional-nasal-reconstruction-using-structural-reinforcement
#12
Waleed H Ezzat, Sara W Liu
Importance: Nasal reconstruction after Mohs surgery is a unique challenge in that it must satisfy both functional and aesthetic goals. Despite some advocacy in the literature for using structural reinforcement to achieve both functional and aesthetic outcomes in soft-tissue reconstruction, no study has validated this claim by comparing reconstruction with and without structural support. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of and need for structural reinforcement when reconstructing the nasal alar and sidewall subunits...
March 23, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333550/adherence-to-dietary-recommendations-supports-canadian-children-s-academic-achievement
#13
Erin L Faught, Genevieve Montemurro, Kate E Storey, Paul J Veugelers
PURPOSE: We aimed to determine if adherence to established Canadian, American, and WHO-developed nutrition recommendations supported children's academic achievement. METHODS: Data from a health survey of 1595 grade 5 students in Alberta, Canada, was used. Dietary intake was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Adherence to recommendations for food group servings, saturated fat intake, and free sugars intake was assessed. Survey data were linked to grade 6 standardized exam results...
March 23, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333528/achievement-goal-profiles-among-adolescent-males-and-females
#14
David Litalien, Alexandre J S Morin, Dennis M McInerney
Achievement goal theory has long been a dominant model in the study of student motivation. However, a relatively small number of researchers have investigated gender differences in achievement goals or have considered the possible role that social and extrinsic goals may play in student academic motivation. Adopting a person-centered multiple goals perspective based on personal investment theory, this longitudinal study investigated whether males and females shared similar goal profiles, and whether the predictors (facilitating conditions) and outcomes (learning processes, task perseverance, and future aspirations) of these profiles were equivalent across genders...
April 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331113/transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-with-different-valve-types-in-elliptic-aortic-annuli
#15
Yoshio Maeno, Yigal Abramowitz, Sung-Han Yoon, Hasan Jilaihawi, Sharma Raul, Sharjeel Israr, Masaki Miyasaka, Hiroyuki Kawamori, Yoshio Kazuno, Tanya Rami, Nobuyuki Takahashi, Geeteshwar Mangat, Mohammad Kashif, Tarun Chakravarty, Mamoo Nakamura, Wen Cheng, Raj R Makkar
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the influence of an elliptic annulus on acute device success rates following self-expanding (SE) transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) vs. balloon-expandable (BE) TAVR.Methods and Results:Outcomes were assessed using Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 definitions. Aortic annulus ratio (AAR) was measured as short axis diameter/long axis diameter. Mean AAR was 0.81±0.06. Patients were therefore divided into 2 groups: AAR <0...
March 23, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329603/job-recruitment
#16
University Of California Davis School Of Medicine
The University of California Davis, School of Medicine, Department of Dermatology is recruiting for a full-time position at the Associate or Full Professor level in the Clinical X Series or Health Sciences Clinical Professor (HSCP) Series. The successful candidate is nominated to be the holder of the Frederick G. Novy, Jr. M.D Endowed Professorship. Appointees to the ClinX series are expected to conduct independent research. Both series require significant participation in teaching and University/public service...
October 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329312/first-experience-with-transfemoral-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-without-prior-balloon-pre-dilatation-using-a-latest-generation-repositionable-and-retrievable-transcatheter-heart-valve%C3%A2
#17
Andreas Schaefer, Eva Harmel, Moritz Seiffert, Daniel Reichart, Florian Deuschl, Niklas Schofer, Yvonne Schneeberger, Stefan Blankenberg, Hermann Reichenspurner, Ulrich Schaefer, Lenard Conradi
OBJECTIVES: : The aim of this study was to prove technical feasibility and document haemodynamic and clinical outcomes of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with the latest generation repositionable and retrievable Lotus™ transcatheter heart valve (THV) without prior balloon-aortic valvuloplasty (BAV). It has been demonstrated for self-expandable and balloon-expandable THV that implantation without prior BAV is not only feasible and safe but also results in lower fluoroscopy times and amounts of contrast agent while yielding non-inferior haemodynamic and clinical outcome...
February 6, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328679/results-of-a-multicenter-prospective-pivotal-trial-of-the-first-inline-continuous-glucose-monitor-in-critically-ill-patients
#18
Grant V Bochicchio, Stan Nasraway, Laura Moore, Anthony Furnary, Eden Nohra, Kelly Bochicchio
INTRODUCTION: We have previously demonstrated that tight glycemic control (80-120 mg/dl) improves outcome in critically injured patients. However, many centers have gotten away from aggressive glucose control due to the workload and risk of hypoglycemia. The objective of this pivotal trial is to evaluate the first in human continuous inline glucose monitor (OptiScanner) in critically ill patients. METHODS: A multicenter pivotal trial was conducted over a 1 year period (2014-2015) at 4 major academic centers in 200 critically ill patients...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328299/early-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction-as-a-predictor-of-survival-after-cardiac-arrest
#19
Barry Burstein, Dev Jayaraman, Regina Husa
Although echocardiograms are frequently performed within 24 h of sudden cardiac death, the utility of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) to predict survival is unknown. In this is single center retrospective cohort study of patients admitted to the intensive care unit or coronary care unit after in-hospital or out-of-hospital sudden cardiac death, LVEF <40% was not a significant predictor of survival at 30 days or hospital discharge. ABSTRACT Background: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation and early defibrillation have been shown to improve outcomes of cardiac arrest...
March 22, 2017: Acute Cardiac Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328012/free-fatty-acid-receptor-1-ffar1-as-an-emerging-therapeutic-target-for-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-recent-progress-and-prevailing-challenges
#20
REVIEW
Zheng Li, Xue Xu, Wenlong Huang, Hai Qian
The free fatty acid receptor 1 (FFAR1/GPR40) amplifies glucose-dependent insulin secretion; therefore, it has attracted widespread attention as a promising antidiabetic target. Current clinical proof of concept also indicates that FFAR1 agonists achieve the initially therapeutic endpoint for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) without the hypoglycemic risk. Thus, many pharmaceutical companies and academic institutes are competing to develop FFAR1 agonists. However, several candidates have been discontinued in clinical trials, often without reporting the underlying reasons...
March 22, 2017: Medicinal Research Reviews
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