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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449016/a-critical-exploration-of-a-collaborative-kaupapa-m%C3%A4-ori-consistent-research-project-on-physician-assisted-dying
#1
Phillipa Malpas, Anneka Anderson, Julie Wade, Rawiri Wharemate, Dolly Paul, Pio Jacobs, Takawai Jacobs, Jim Rauwhero, Danielle Lunistra
AIM: This paper critically explores the research approach undertaken by Māori and tauiwi researchers working alongside kaumātua within the context of physician-assisted dying. We critically explore the collaborative process we undertook in framing the research context and discuss the rewards and challenges that emerged. METHOD: The research this critical discussion draws on undertook a qualitative Kaupapa Māori consistent research approach and drew on the principles of an Interface Research approach...
April 28, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448598/a-low-volume-polyethylene-glycol-solution-was-associated-with-an-increased-suboptimal-bowel-preparation-rate-but-had-similar-recommendations-for-an-early-repeat-colonoscopy-procedure-times-and-adenoma-detection-rates
#2
Sam C Hankins, Bryan B Brimhall, Vineel Kankanala, Gregory L Austin
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Low-volume polyethylene glycol (PEG) bowel preparations are better tolerated by patients than high-volume preparations and may achieve similar preparation quality. However, there is little data comparing their effects on a recommendation for an early repeat colonoscopy (because of a suboptimal preparation), procedure times, adenoma detection rate (ADR), and advanced adenoma detection rate (AADR). METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of outpatient colonoscopies performed during a one-year period at a single academic medical center in which low-volume MoviPrep® (n = 1841) or high-volume Colyte® (n = 1337) was used...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448455/snacking-quality-is-associated-with-secondary-school-academic-achievement-and-the-intention-to-enroll-in-higher-education-a-cross-sectional-study-in-adolescents-from-santiago-chile
#3
Paulina Correa-Burrows, Yanina Rodríguez, Estela Blanco, Sheila Gahagan, Raquel Burrows
Although numerous studies have approached the effects of exposure to a Western diet (WD) on academic outcomes, very few have focused on foods consumed during snack times. We explored whether there is a link between nutritious snacking habits and academic achievement in high school (HS) students from Santiago, Chile. We conducted a cross-sectional study with 678 adolescents. The nutritional quality of snacks consumed by 16-year-old was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire. The academic outcomes measured were HS grade point average (GPA), the likelihood of HS completion, and the likelihood of taking college entrance exams...
April 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447103/comparison-of-clinical-outcomes-following-head-and-neck-surgery-among-patients-who-contract-to-abstain-from-alcohol-vs-patients-who-abuse-alcohol
#4
Azeem S Kaka, Songzhu Zhao, Enver Ozer, Amit Agrawal, Stephen Kang, James Rocco, Ricardo Carrau, Theodoros Teknos, John D Clapp, Harrison Weed, Matthew O Old
Importance: Alcohol abuse is highly prevalent in the population of patients with head and neck cancer, and active abuse at the time of surgery results in poor postoperative outcomes. Objective: To determine the association of alcohol abstinence with postoperative outcome in alcohol misusers undergoing major surgical procedures of the head and neck. Design, Setting, and Participants: As a case-control study, from July 2013 to August 2015, outcomes were collected in patients at an academic tertiary referral center requiring free flap reconstruction who had undergone an abstinence contract (n = 15) and compared with those who were abusers of alcohol prior to the inception of the protocol (n = 30)...
April 26, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446885/the-impact-of-inattention-hyperactivity-impulsivity-symptoms-and-executive-functions-on-learning-behaviors-of-children-with-adhd
#5
Carla Colomer, Carmen Berenguer, Belén Roselló, Inmaculada Baixauli, Ana Miranda
Children diagnosed with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at risk of experiencing lower academic achievement compared to their peers without ADHD. However, we have a limited understanding of the mechanisms underlying this association. Both the symptoms of the disorder and the executive functions can negatively influence learning behaviors, including motivation, attitude toward learning, or persistence, key aspects of the learning process. The first objective of this study was to compare different components of learning behaviors in children diagnosed with ADHD and typically developing (TD) children...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445791/quality-and-relevance-of-master-degree-education-for-the-professional-development-of-nurses-and-midwives
#6
Azzurra Massimi, Carolina Marzuillo, Marco Di Muzio, Maria Rosaria Vacchio, Elvira D'Andrea, Paolo Villari, Corrado De Vito
BACKGROUND: Advanced education in nursing is essential to provide safe, high quality and efficient health services in line with population needs. However, there is an almost complete lack of studies on how nurses view the usefulness of post-graduate education for their current employment and for professional advancement. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate how nurse graduates view the quality, relevance and applicability of the knowledge and skills acquired during the Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) degree...
April 14, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444570/current-mitraclip-experience-safety-and-feasibility-in-the-netherlands
#7
Z Rahhab, F A Kortlandt, J F Velu, R A J Schurer, V Delgado, P Tonino, A J Boven, B J L Van den Branden, A O Kraaijeveld, M Voskuil, J Hoorntje, M van Wely, K van Houwelingen, G B Bleeker, B Rensing, I Kardys, J Baan, J A S Van der Heyden, N M Van Mieghem
PURPOSE: Data on MitraClip procedural safety and efficacy in the Netherlands are scarce. We aim to provide an overview of the Dutch MitraClip experience. METHODS: We pooled anonymised demographic and procedural data of 1151 consecutive MitraClip patients, from 13 Dutch hospitals. Data was collected by product specialists in collaboration with local operators. Effect on mitral regurgitation was intra-procedurally assessed by transoesophageal echocardiography. Technical success and device success were defined according to modified definitions of the Mitral Valve Academic Research Consortium (MVARC)...
April 25, 2017: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444104/psychomotor-ability-and-short-term-memory-and-reading-and-mathematics-achievement-in-children
#8
Cherée Murrihy, Maria Bailey, John Roodenburg
Objective: The aim of our study was to examine whether the findings from previous research, indicating the role of short-term memory as a mediator of the relationship between motor coordination and academic achievement in adolescents, is also evident in a younger child population. Method: The study utilized a quantative cross-sectional design involving 133 children aged 8-12. The McCarron Assessment of Neuromuscular Development (MAND) provided four indicators of psychomotor ability (Finger Nose, Walking, Balancing, and Jumping)...
April 24, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443678/outcomes-along-the-hiv-care-continuum-among-undocumented-immigrants-in-clinical-care
#9
Jonathan Ross, Uriel R Felsen, Chinazo O Cunningham, Viraj V Patel, David B Hanna
HIV-infected undocumented immigrants face unique barriers to care yet little is known about their clinical outcomes. We performed a retrospective cohort study of HIV-infected adults in clinical care from 2006-2014 at a large academic medical center in a setting where medical insurance is available to HIV-infected undocumented immigrants. Undocumented status was assessed based on Social Security number and insurance status and verified through medical chart review. Using Poisson regression models, we compared undocumented and documented patients with respect to retention in care (≥ 2 HIV-related lab tests ≥ 90 days apart), antiretroviral therapy (ART) prescription (≥ 3 active antiretroviral agents prescribed in a year) and viral suppression (HIV RNA <200 copies/ml for the last measured viral load) for each year in care...
April 26, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443274/the-guatemala-penn-partners-an-innovative-inter-institutional-model-for-scientific-capacity-building-healthcare-education-and-public-health
#10
Maria Alejandra Paniagua-Avila, Elizabeth Messenger, Caroline A Nelson, Erwin Calgua, Frances K Barg, Kent W Bream, Charlene Compher, Anthony J Dean, Sergio Martinez-Siekavizza, Victor Puac-Polanco, Therese S Richmond, Rudolf R Roth, Charles C Branas
Population health outcomes are directly related to robust public health programs, access to basic health services, and a well-trained health-care workforce. Effective health services need to systematically identify solutions, scientifically test these solutions, and share generated knowledge. The World Health Organization (WHO)'s Global Healthcare Workforce Alliance states that the capacity to perform research is an essential factor for well-functioning public health systems. Low- and middle-income countries have greater health-care worker shortages and lower research capacity than higher-income countries...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443157/hepatic-encephalopathy-before-and-neurological-complications-after-liver-transplantation-have-no-impact-on-the-employment-status-1-year-after-transplantation
#11
Henning Pflugrad, Anita B Tryc, Annemarie Goldbecker, Christian P Strassburg, Hannelore Barg-Hock, Jürgen Klempnauer, Karin Weissenborn
AIM: To investigate the impact of hepatic encephalopathy before orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) and neurological complications after OLT on employment after OLT. METHODS: One hundred and fourteen patients with chronic liver disease aged 18-60 years underwent neurological examination to identify neurological complications, neuropsychological tests comprising the PSE-Syndrome-Test yielding the psychometric hepatic encephalopathy score, the critical flicker frequency and the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS), completed a questionnaire concerning their occupation and filled in the short form 36 (SF-36) to assess health-related quality of life before OLT and 12 mo after OLT, if possible...
April 8, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440956/doctoral-snobbery-justified-or-just-elitism
#12
EDITORIAL
Melanie Birks, Roger Watson
Doctoral snobbery exists. It's a thing (Parnell, 2016). It's an extension of 'academic snobbery' (Martin & Sorensen, 2014) more generally, and probably originates from 'title snobbery' (Valverde, Mueller, Paciotti, & Conway, 2016). Successfully completing a doctoral qualification is no small achievement and so some degree of elitism is probably reasonable. But is it reasonable for there to be an elitist division between the traditional PhD and the relative newcomer, the professional doctorate? And what about the doctorate in nursing practice (DNP) now apparently overtaking the PhD in the USA? Our recent participation in a round table on doctoral education in Hong Kong prompted us to explore the issue further and, by implication, to invite further comment...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439211/examining-the-relations-between-self-regulation-and-achievement-in-third-grade-students
#13
Stephanie L Day, Carol M Connor
Children with stronger self-regulation skills generally demonstrate greater overall success in school both academically and socially. However, there are few valid and reliable measures of self-regulation in middle elementary school. Such a measure could help identify whether a child is truly having difficulties. Thus, the Remembering Rules and Regulation Picture Task (RRRP) was developed. The aim of this study was to develop scoring systems for the RRRP and then to examine the associations between RRRP and independent measures of self-regulation and academic achievement in mathematics and reading...
March 2017: Assessment for Effective Intervention: Official Journal of the Council for Educational Diagnostic Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439017/semibatch-monomer-addition-as-a-general-method-to-tune-and-enhance-the-mechanics-of-polymer-networks-via-loop-defect-control
#14
Yuwei Gu, Ken Kawamoto, Mingjiang Zhong, Mao Chen, Michael J A Hore, Alex M Jordan, LaShanda T J Korley, Bradley D Olsen, Jeremiah A Johnson
Controlling the molecular structure of amorphous cross-linked polymeric materials is a longstanding challenge. Herein, we disclose a general strategy for precise tuning of loop defects in covalent polymer gel networks. This "loop control" is achieved through a simple semibatch monomer addition protocol that can be applied to a broad range of network-forming reactions. By controlling loop defects, we demonstrate that with the same set of material precursors it is possible to tune and in several cases substantially improve network connectivity and mechanical properties (e...
April 24, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438240/an-explanatory-model-of-maths-achievement-perceived-parental-involvement-and-academic-motivation
#15
Susana Rodríguez, Isabel Piñeiro, Mª L Gómez-Taibo, Bibiana Regueiro, Iris Estévez, Antonio Valle
BACKGROUND: Although numerous studies have tried to explain performance in maths very few have deeply explored the relationship between different variables and how they jointly explain mathematical performance. METHOD: With a sample of 897 students in 5th and 6th grade in Primary Education and using structural equation modeling (SEM), this study analyzes how the perception of parents’ beliefs is related to children´s beliefs, their involvement in mathematical tasks and their performance...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438050/exploring-proxy-measures-of-mutuality-for-strategic-partnership-development-a-case-study
#16
Tilicia L Mayo-Gamble, Priscilla A Barnes, Catherine M Sherwood-Laughlin, Michael Reece, Sandy DeWeese, Carol Weiss Kennedy, Mary Ann Valenta
Partnerships between academic and clinical-based health organizations are becoming increasingly important in improving health outcomes. Mutuality is recognized as a vital component of these partnerships. If partnerships are to achieve mutuality, there is a need to define what it means to partnering organizations. Few studies have described the elements contributing to mutuality, particularly in new relationships between academic and clinical partners. This study seeks to identify how mutuality is expressed and to explore potential proxy measures of mutuality for an alliance consisting of a hospital system and a School of Public Health...
April 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437520/academic-performance-motor-function-and-behavior-11-years-after-neonatal-caffeine-citrate-therapy-for-apnea-of-prematurity-an-11-year-follow-up-of-the-cap-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Barbara Schmidt, Robin S Roberts, Peter J Anderson, Elizabeth V Asztalos, Lorrie Costantini, Peter G Davis, Deborah Dewey, Judy D'Ilario, Lex W Doyle, Ruth E Grunau, Diane Moddemann, Harvey Nelson, Arne Ohlsson, Alfonso Solimano, Win Tin
Importance: Caffeine citrate therapy for apnea of prematurity reduces the rates of bronchopulmonary dysplasia, severe retinopathy, and neurodevelopmental disability at 18 months and may improve motor function at 5 years. Objective: To evaluate whether neonatal caffeine therapy is associated with improved functional outcomes 11 years later. Design, Setting, and Participants: A follow-up study was conducted at 14 academic hospitals in Canada, Australia, and the United Kingdom from May 7, 2011, to May 27, 2016, of English- or French-speaking children who had been enrolled in the randomized, placebo-controlled Caffeine for Apnea of Prematurity trial between October 11, 1999, and October 22, 2004...
April 24, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435492/applying-systems-engineering-reduces-radiology-transport-cycle-times-in-the-emergency-department
#18
Benjamin A White, Brian J Yun, Michael H Lev, Ali S Raja
INTRODUCTION: Emergency department (ED) crowding is widespread, and can result in care delays, medical errors, increased costs, and decreased patient satisfaction. Simultaneously, while capacity constraints on EDs are worsening, contributing factors such as patient volume and inpatient bed capacity are often outside the influence of ED administrators. Therefore, systems engineering approaches that improve throughput and reduce waste may hold the most readily available gains. Decreasing radiology turnaround times improves ED patient throughput and decreases patient waiting time...
April 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434912/the-role-of-social-emotional-and-social-network-factors-in-the-relationship-between-academic-achievement-and-risky-behaviors
#19
Mitchell D Wong, Danielle Strom, Lourdes R Guerrero, Paul J Chung, Desiree Lopez, Katherine Arellano, Rebecca Dudovitz
PURPOSE: We examined whether standardized test scores and grades are related to risky behaviors among low-income minority adolescents and whether social networks and social-emotional factors explained those relationships. METHODS: We analyzed data from 929 high school students exposed by natural experiment to high- or low-performing academic environments in Los Angeles. We collected information on grade point average (GPA), substance use, sexual behaviors, participation in fights and carrying a weapon from face-to-face interviews and obtained California math and English standardized test (CST) results...
April 18, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433515/understanding-clinical-development-of-chimeric-antigen-receptor-t-cell-therapies
#20
Sofieke de Wilde, Henk-Jan Guchelaar, Maarten Laurens Zandvliet, Pauline Meij
BACKGROUND AIMS: In the past decade, many clinical trials with gene- and cell-based therapies (GCTs) have been performed. Increased interest in the development of these drug products by various stakeholders has become apparent. Despite this growth in clinical studies, the number of therapies receiving marketing authorization approval (MAA) is lagging behind. To enhance the success rate of GCT development, it is essential to better understand the clinical development of these products...
April 19, 2017: Cytotherapy
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