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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926964/poverty-dynamics-and-academic-trajectories-of-children-of-immigrants
#1
Liwei Zhang, Wen-Jui Han
Using Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999 (ECLS-K), we investigated the relationship between poverty and academic trajectories for children in immigrant families in the United States. We used family socioeconomic status (SES) which considers parental education, parental occupation, and family income to define poverty in correspondence with the U.S. federal poverty threshold. Three dimensions of poverty were examined including depth (i.e., not-poor, near-poor, poor or extreme poor), stability (i...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925532/the-interplay-between-regulatory-focus-and-temporal-distance-in-the-health-context
#2
Aleksandra Berezowska, Arnout R H Fischer, Hans C M van Trijp
OBJECTIVES: This study identifies how the interaction between temporal distance, regulatory focus, and framing of health outcomes affects individuals' intention to adopt a personalized nutrition service. DESIGN: A 2 (temporal distance: immediate health outcomes vs. delayed health outcomes) × 2 (regulatory focus: prevention vs. promotion) × 2 (health outcome framing: illness prevention vs. health promotion) full-factorial between-subjects design. METHODS: In two experiments with samples of 236 and 242 students, regulatory focus was manipulated by asking participants to describe which academic outcomes they want to either achieve or prevent and how they aim to do this...
September 19, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925105/childhood-obesity-and-school-absenteeism-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
R An, H Yan, X Shi, Y Yang
Regular school attendance is a key determinant of student's academic achievement and psychosocial development. Obesity may affect children's school attendance through its detrimental impact on their physical and mental health. A literature search was conducted in the PubMed, Web of Science and Cochrane Library for articles published until April 2017 that examined the relationship between unhealthy body weight and school absenteeism among children and adolescents. Thirteen studies total (10 cross-sectional and three longitudinal) conducted in seven countries were identified...
September 18, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925044/self-concept-predicts-academic-achievement-across-levels-of-the-achievement-distribution-domain-specificity-for-math-and-reading
#4
Maria Ines Susperreguy, Pamela E Davis-Kean, Kathryn Duckworth, Meichu Chen
This study examines whether self-concept of ability in math and reading predicts later math and reading attainment across different levels of achievement. Data from three large-scale longitudinal data sets, the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development-Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, and Panel Study of Income Dynamics-Child Development Supplement, were used to answer this question by employing quantile regression analyses. After controlling for demographic variables, child characteristics, and early ability, the findings indicate that self-concept of ability in math and reading predicts later achievement in each respective domain across all quantile levels of achievement...
September 18, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924595/development-and-validation-of-an-algorithm-to-complete-colonoscopy-using-standard-endoscopes-in-patients-with-prior-incomplete-colonoscopy
#5
Melinda C Rogers, Andrew Gawron, David Grande, Rajesh N Keswani
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS:  Incomplete colonoscopy may occur as a result of colon angulation (adhesions or diverticulosis), endoscope looping, or both. Specialty endoscopes/devices have been shown to successfully complete prior incomplete colonoscopies, but may not be widely available. Radiographic or other image-based evaluations have been shown to be effective but may miss small or flat lesions, and colonoscopy is often still indicated if a large lesion is identified. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate an algorithm to determine the optimum endoscope to ensure completion of the examination in patients with prior incomplete colonoscopy...
September 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924593/use-of-the-over-the-scope-clip-otsc-in-non-variceal-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-patients-with-severe-cardiovascular-comorbidities-a-retrospective-study
#6
Edris Wedi, Daniel von Renteln, Susana Gonzalez, Olena Tkachenko, Carlo Jung, Sinan Orkut, Victor Roth, Selin Tumay, Juergen Hochberger
INTRODUCTION:  The over-the-scope-clip (OTSC) can potentially overcome limitations of standard clips and achieve more efficient and reliable hemostasis. Data on OTSC use for non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (NVUGIB) in patients with cardiovascular comorbidities are currently limited. PATIENTS AND METHODS:  We prospectively collected and retrospectively analyzed our database from February 2009 to September 2015 from all patients who underwent emergency endoscopy for high-risk NVUGIB in 2 academic centers and were treated with OTSC as first-line (n = 81) or second-line therapy (n = 19)...
September 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924275/relationship-among-academic-engagement-burnout-and-student-perceptions-of-curriculum-delivery-in-speech-and-language-therapy-students-from-university-of-concepcion-chile
#7
Rocio Glaria, Lorena Carmona, Cristhian Perez, Paula Parra
OBJECTIVE: To relate engagement and academic burnout with curriculum evaluation among speech therapy students. METHODS: This observational, cross-sectional study was conducted at the end of the first academic semester for each level and at the end of a theoretical class in order to ensure the maximum participation rate at the University of Concepción, Concepción, Chile, and comprised students of a speech and language therapy programme.Curriculum evaluation scale, academic engagement and academic burnout questionnaires were used...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922177/project-career-an-individualized-postsecondary-approach-to-promoting-independence-functioning-and-employment-success-among-students-with-traumatic-brain-injuries
#8
Deborah Minton, Eileen Elias, Phillip Rumrill, Deborah J Hendricks, Karen Jacobs, Anne Leopold, Amanda Nardone, Elaine Sampson, Marcia Scherer, Aundrea Gee Cormier, Aiyana Taylor, Caitlin DeLatte
BACKGROUND: Project Career is a five-year interdisciplinary demonstration project funded by NIDILRR. It provides technology-driven supports, merging Cognitive Support Technology (CST) evidence-based practices and rehabilitation counseling, to improve postsecondary and employment outcomes for veteran and civilian undergraduate students with traumatic brain injury (TBI). GOAL: Provide a technology-driven individualized support program to improve career and employment outcomes for students with TBI...
September 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919649/expanding-stem-opportunities-through-inclusive-stem-focused-high-schools
#9
Barbara Means, Haiwen Wang, Xin Wei, Sharon Lynch, Vanessa Peters, Viki Young, Carrie Allen
Inclusive STEM high schools (ISHSs) (where STEM is science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) admit students on the basis of interest rather than competitive examination. This study examines the central assumption behind these schools-that they provide students from subgroups underrepresented in STEM with experiences that equip them academically and attitudinally to enter and stay in the STEM pipeline. Hierarchical modeling was applied to data from student surveys and state longitudinal data records for 5113 students graduating from 39 ISHSs and 22 comprehensive high schools in North Carolina and Texas...
September 2017: Science Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919380/establishing-a-hospital-based-fracture-liaison-service-to-prevent-secondary-insufficiency-fractures
#10
REVIEW
Shahryar Noordin, Salim Allana, Bassam A Masri
Insufficiency fracture care requires more than surgery to ensure rapid and strong union with diminished chance of future fractures. The FLS program provides an opportunity to treat osteoporosis from a public health perspective rather than leaving this to the whims of individual physicians. This is achieved by providing a seamless integration of care by health care providers, nursing staff and administration. The FLS can be adapted to any model of care including academic health systems. FLS provides a holistic approach to identify patients as well as to provide evidence-based interventions to prevent subsequent fractures...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918412/prediction-of-early-unplanned-intensive-care-unit-readmission-in-a-uk-tertiary-care-hospital-a-cross-sectional-machine-learning-approach
#11
Thomas Desautels, Ritankar Das, Jacob Calvert, Monica Trivedi, Charlotte Summers, David J Wales, Ari Ercole
OBJECTIVES: Unplanned readmissions to the intensive care unit (ICU) are highly undesirable, increasing variance in care, making resource planning difficult and potentially increasing length of stay and mortality in some settings. Identifying patients who are likely to suffer unplanned ICU readmission could reduce the frequency of this adverse event. SETTING: A single academic, tertiary care hospital in the UK. PARTICIPANTS: A set of 3326 ICU episodes collected between October 2014 and August 2016...
September 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918361/daytime-sleepiness-and-related-factors-in-nursing-students
#12
Gökçe Demir
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of the frequency and causes of daytime sleepiness in nursing students because it is an important factor in improving the health status of the students, controlling sleep problems, improving students' academic achievements, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of daytime sleepiness in nursing students and the factors associated with it. DESIGN: A cross-sectional research design was used in this study...
August 26, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913963/reporting-to-improve-reproducibility-and-facilitate-validity-assessment-for-healthcare-database-studies-v1-0
#13
Shirley V Wang, Sebastian Schneeweiss, Marc L Berger, Jeffrey Brown, Frank de Vries, Ian Douglas, Joshua J Gagne, Rosa Gini, Olaf Klungel, C Daniel Mullins, Michael D Nguyen, Jeremy A Rassen, Liam Smeeth, Miriam Sturkenboom
PURPOSE: Defining a study population and creating an analytic dataset from longitudinal healthcare databases involves many decisions. Our objective was to catalogue scientific decisions underpinning study execution that should be reported to facilitate replication and enable assessment of validity of studies conducted in large healthcare databases. METHODS: We reviewed key investigator decisions required to operate a sample of macros and software tools designed to create and analyze analytic cohorts from longitudinal streams of healthcare data...
September 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913774/is-integration-always-most-adaptive-the-role-of-cultural-identity-in-academic-achievement-and-in-psychological-adaptation-of-immigrant-students-in-germany
#14
Kristin Schotte, Petra Stanat, Aileen Edele
Immigrant adaptation research views identification with the mainstream context as particularly beneficial for sociocultural adaptation, including academic achievement, and identification with the ethnic context as particularly beneficial for psychological adaptation. A strong identification with both contexts is considered most beneficial for both outcomes (integration hypothesis). However, it is unclear whether the integration hypothesis applies in assimilative contexts, across different outcomes, and across different immigrant groups...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913744/eight-year-latent-class-trajectories-of-academic-and-social-functioning-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#15
George J DuPaul, Paul L Morgan, George Farkas, Marianne M Hillemeier, Steve Maczuga
We examined trajectories of academic and social functioning in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to identify those who might be at risk for especially severe levels of academic and social impairment over time. We estimated a series of growth mixture models using data from two subsamples of children participating in the NIMH Collaborative Multisite Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD (MTA) including those with at least baseline and 96-month data for reading and mathematics achievement (n = 392; 77...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913676/the-cost-of-being-cool-how-adolescent-pseudomature-behavior-maps-onto-adult-adjustment
#16
Leslie Gordon Simons, Tara E Sutton, Sarah Shannon, Mark T Berg, Frederick X Gibbons
During adolescence, one's status among peers is a major concern. Such status is often largely a function of popularity and establishing oneself as "cool." While there are conventional avenues to achieving status among adolescents, engaging in adult-like, or pseudomature, behaviors such as substance use or sexual activity is a frequent occurrence. Although past research has examined the consequences of adolescent delinquency, what remains unclear is the long-term fate of adolescents who are both popular and antisocial...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912960/influence-of-disease-activity-on-ra-treatment-choices-in-countries-with-restricted-access-to-expensive-innovative-drugs-a-discrete-choice-experiment-among-rheumatologists
#17
Monika Hifinger, Mickael Hiligsmann, Sofia Ramiro, Verity Watson, Florian Berghea, Márta Péntek, Andrew Keat, Johan L Severens, Bruno Fautrel, Annelies Boonen
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of disease activity of patients with rheumatoid arthritis on treatment choices of rheumatologists in countries with restricted access to expensive, innovative drugs. METHODS: Rheumatologists from Hungary, Romania and UK were invited to complete two consecutive discrete choice experiments with hypothetical drug treatments for two different patient profiles: high and moderate disease activity. Rheumatologists were asked to choose repeatedly between two unlabelled treatment options that differed in five attributes: efficacy (expected improvement and achieved disease activity state), safety (probability of serious adverse events), patient's preference (level of agreement), total medication costs and cost-effectiveness...
2017: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912285/predictors-of-incomplete-occlusion-following-pipeline-embolization-of-intracranial-aneurysms-is-it-less-effective-in-older-patients
#18
N Adeeb, J M Moore, M Wirtz, C J Griessenauer, P M Foreman, H Shallwani, R Gupta, A A Dmytriw, R Motiei-Langroudi, A Alturki, M R Harrigan, A H Siddiqui, E I Levy, A J Thomas, C S Ogilvy
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Flow diversion with the Pipeline Embolization Device (PED) for the treatment of intracranial aneurysms is associated with a high rate of aneurysm occlusion. However, clinical and radiographic predictors of incomplete aneurysm occlusion are poorly defined. In this study, predictors of incomplete occlusion at last angiographic follow-up after PED treatment were assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of consecutive aneurysms treated with the PED between 2009 and 2016, at 3 academic institutions in the United States, was performed...
September 14, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906264/governance-of-academic-medical-centers-is-indeed-a-complex-and-unique-operation
#19
David S Guzick, Donald E Wilson
As academic medical centers (AMCs) have extended their operations into their communities, partnered with new organizations, and developed new modes of operation to achieve their missions, new governance approaches are required. Chari and colleagues, in this issue of Academic Medicine, describe the development and application of criteria to evaluate governance options for the University of California (UC), which has a number of public AMCs, almost all of which are components of individual UC universities. Although many of these criteria may also be applicable to smaller AMCs, a more individual approach to governance is required-that is, one must step back and first ask about the organization, structure, and goals of the entities to be governed...
September 12, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905434/decline-of-insulin-therapy-and-delays-in-insulin-initiation-in-people-with-uncontrolled-diabetes-mellitus
#20
N Hosomura, S Malmasi, D Timerman, V J Lei, H Zhang, L Chang, A Turchin
AIMS: To design and validate a natural language processing algorithm to identify insulin therapy decline from the text of physician notes, and to determine the prevalence of insulin therapy decline and its impact on insulin initiation. METHODS: We designed the algorithm using the publicly available natural language processing platform Canary. We evaluated the accuracy of the algorithm on 1501 randomly selected primary care physicians' notes from the electronic medical record system of a large academic medical centre...
September 14, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
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