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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911234/ventriculostomy-associated-hemorrhage-a-risk-assessment-by-radiographic-simulation
#1
Faith C Robertson, Muhammad M Abd-El-Barr, Srinivasan Mukundan, William B Gormley
OBJECTIVE Ventriculostomy entry sites are commonly selected by freehand estimation of Kocher's point or approximations from skull landmarks and a trajectory toward the ipsilateral frontal horn of the lateral ventricles. A recognized ventriculostomy complication is intracranial hemorrhage from cortical vessel damage; reported rates range from 1% to 41%. In this report, the authors assess hemorrhagic risk by simulating traditional ventriculostomy trajectories and using CT angiography (CTA) with venography (CTV) data to identify potential complications, specifically from cortical draining veins...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910211/comparison-of-serum-concentrations-between-different-dosing-strategies-of-posaconazole-delayed-release-tablet-at-a-large-academic-medical-centre
#2
Sarah Welch, Andrea Pallotta, Catherine Weber, Caitlin Siebenaller, Eric Cober, Elizabeth Neuner
It is unclear if the prophylaxis dose of 300 mg/day is sufficient for achieving serum concentrations targeting the treatment of invasive fungal infections. To evaluate differences between PCZ serum concentrations in patients receiving the DRT vs the OS and in patients receiving higher doses than 300 mg/day of the DRT, a retrospective review was conducted on inpatients who received PCZ for either treatment or prophylaxis. Baseline demographics including comorbid conditions, indication and dose of therapy were collected...
December 1, 2016: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909890/does-severity-of-cerebral-mri-lesions-in-congenital-cmv-infection-correlates-with-the-outcome-of-cochlear-implantation
#3
Stefan Lyutenski, Friedrich Götz, Alexandros Giourgas, Omid Majdani, Eva Bültmann, Heinrich Lanfermann, Thomas Lenarz, Anja M Giesemann
The objective is to investigate whether there is a correlation between the severity of typical brain lesions in congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) infection and cochlear implant (CI) outcome. The design of the study is a retrospective single-institutional chart review (2005-2015), performed in a tertiary academic referral center. 23 children with typical signs of cCMV infection on cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and bilateral severe-to-profound sensorineural hearing loss were retrospectively evaluated...
December 1, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908645/a-brief-measure-of-language-skills-at-3-years-of-age-and-special-education-use-in-middle-childhood
#4
Laura Lee McIntyre, William E Pelham, Matthew H Kim, Thomas J Dishion, Daniel S Shaw, Melvin N Wilson
OBJECTIVE: To test whether a language screener administered during early childhood predicts special education referrals and placement in middle childhood. STUDY DESIGN: A series of logistic regressions was conducted in a longitudinal study of 731 children. Predictor variables included scores on the early language screener (Fluharty Preschool Speech and Language Screening Test-Second Edition [Fluharty-2]) at ages 3 and 4 years, a standardized measure of academic achievement at age 5 years, and parent report of special education services at ages 7...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908560/physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-in-relation-to-academic-achievement-in-children
#5
Eero A Haapala, Juuso Väistö, Niina Lintu, Kate Westgate, Ulf Ekelund, Anna-Maija Poikkeus, Soren Brage, Timo A Lakka
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the independent and combined associations of objectively measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary time (ST) with reading and arithmetic skills. DESIGN: Cross-sectional/prospective. METHODS: Participants were 89 boys and 69 girls aged 6-8 years. MVPA and ST were measured using a combined heart rate and movement sensor and body fat percentage by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in Grade 1...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907929/critical-evaluation-of-the-potential-prognostic-value-of-the-pretreatment-derived-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-under-consideration-of-c-reactive-protein-levels-in-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma
#6
Orietta Dalpiaz, Theresa Luef, Maximilian Seles, Michael Stotz, Tatjana Stojakovic, Karl Pummer, Richard Zigeuner, Georg C Hutterer, Martin Pichler
BACKGROUND: We investigated the prognostic value of the pretreatment-derived neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (dNLR) and original NLR in relation to the commonly used inflammation marker C-reactive protein (CRP) in a large cohort of patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC). METHODS: Clinicopathological data from 587 consecutive non-metastatic clear cell RCC patients, operated between 2000 and 2010 at a single tertiary academic center, were evaluated retrospectively...
December 1, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907279/development-of-norms-for-executive-functions-in-typically-developing-indian-urban-preschool-children-and-its-association-with-nutritional-status
#7
Sumithra Selvam, Tinku Thomas, Priya Shetty, K Thennarasu, Vijaya Raman, Deepti Khanna, Ruchika Mehra, Anura V Kurpad, Krishnamachari Srinivasan
Executive functions (EFs) are essential and important for achieving success in children's everyday lives and play a fundamental role in children's cognitive, academic, social, emotional and behavioral functioning. A cross-sectional study was carried out to develop age- and sex-specific norms for EFs using the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function - Preschool Version (BRIEF-P) among 2- to 5-year-olds from urban Bangalore, India. In addition, the association between EFs and anthropometric measures, a marker of nutritional status, is also examined...
December 1, 2016: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906939/a-new-radiofrequency-ablation-procedure-to-treat-sacroiliac-joint-pain
#8
Jianguo Cheng, See Loong Chen, Nicole Zimmerman, Jarrod E Dalton, Garret LaSalle, Richard Rosenquist
BACKGROUND: Low back pain may arise from disorders of the sacroiliac joint in up to 30% of patients. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of the nerves innervating the sacroiliac joint has been shown to be a safe and efficacious strategy. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to develop a new RFA technique to relieve low back pain secondary to sacroiliac joint disorders. STUDY DESIGN: Methodology development with validation through prospective observational non-randomized trial (PONRT)...
November 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904613/the-facilitators-and-impediment-factors-of-midwifery-student-s-empowerment-in-pregnancy-and-delivery-care-a-qualitative-study
#9
Mojgan Janighorban, Nikoo Yamani, Hojatollah Yousefi
BACKGROUND: The organizational environment and its existing context may deeply affect on empowerment of individuals. In educational institutions as well as other organizations, students are going to be powerful when opportunities for growth and achievement of power are provided for them in learning and educational environments. This study has been carried out to explain the facilitators and impediment factors of midwifery student's empowerment in pregnancy and delivery care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current qualitative study has been conducted with participation of 15 midwifery senior students, 10 midwifery academic teachers, and 2 employed midwives in educational hospitals...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904099/effects-of-reinforcement-method-of-dissection-physiology-education-on-the-achievement-in-pharmacology
#10
Tomoya Kitayama, Satomi Kagota, Noriko Yoshikawa, Nobuyuki Kawai, Kanae Nishimura, Takeshi Miura, Naomi Yasui, Kazumasa Shinozuka, Toshikatsu Nakabayashi
 The Pharmaceutical Education Support Center was established in the Department of Pharmacy at the School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Science of Mukogawa Women's University in 2014. We started teaching first and second years students according to proficiency from the 2014 academic year. Students were divided into two classes: the regular class (high proficiency class) and the basic class (low proficiency class), based on achievement in several basic subjects related to the study of pharmacy. The staffs in the Pharmaceutical Education Support Center reinforce what is taught to students in the basic class...
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902544/academic-achievement-in-adults-with-a-history-of-childhood-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-population-based-prospective-study
#11
Robert G Voigt, Slavica K Katusic, Robert C Colligan, Jill M Killian, Amy L Weaver, William J Barbaresi
OBJECTIVE: Previous research on the developmental course of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is limited by biased clinic-referred samples and other methodological problems. Thus, questions about adult academic outcomes associated with childhood ADHD remain unanswered. Thus, the objective of this study was to describe academic outcomes in adulthood among incident cases of research-identified childhood ADHD versus non-ADHD referents from a population-based birth cohort. METHOD: Young adults with research-identified childhood ADHD (N = 232; mean age 27...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898172/association-between-hospital-readmission-and-acute-and-sustained-delays-in-functional-recovery-during-18-months-after-elective-surgery-the-successful-aging-after-elective-surgery-study
#12
Margaret A Pisani, Asha Albuquerque, Edward R Marcantonio, Richard N Jones, Ray Yun Gou, Tamara G Fong, Eva M Schmitt, Douglas Tommet, Ilean I Isaza Aizpurua, David C Alsop, Sharon K Inouye, Thomas G Travison
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of hospital readmission on functional recovery after elective surgery in older adults. DESIGN: Prospective cohort of individuals aged 70 and older undergoing elective surgery, enrolled from June 2010 to August 2013. SETTING: Two academic medical centers. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling older adults (N = 566; mean age ± standard deviation 77 ± 5) undergoing major elective surgery and expected to be admitted for at least 3 days...
November 29, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895611/instructional-changes-adopted-for-an-engineering-course-cluster-analysis-on-academic-failure
#13
José A Álvarez-Bermejo, Luis J Belmonte-Ureña, África Martos-Martínez, Ana B Barragán-Martín, María M Simón-Márquez
As first year students come from diverse backgrounds, basic skills should be accessible to everyone as soon as possible. Transferring such skills to these students is challenging, especially in highly technical courses. Ensuring that essential knowledge is acquired quickly promotes the student's self-esteem and may positively influence failure rates. Metaphors can help do this. Metaphors are used to understand the unknown. This paper shows how we made a turn in student learning at the University of Almeria...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895508/multi-ethnic-differences-in-hba1c-blood-pressure-and-low-density-lipid-cholesterol-control-among-south-africans-living-with-type-2-diabetes-after-a-4-year-follow-up
#14
Yacob Pinchevsky, Varada J Shukla, Neil Butkow, Tobias Chirwa, Frederick Raal
PURPOSE: Our study set out to examine if disparities in control of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), blood pressure (BP), and low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) existed among an urban multi-ethnic cohort of South Africans, living with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This longitudinal, retrospective study consisted of 261 men and women with previously diagnosed T2DM who attended Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital, South Africa across two time periods 2009 and 2013...
2016: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894030/fatigue-in-hospital-nurses-supernurse-culture-is-a-barrier-to-addressing-problems-a-qualitative-interview-study
#15
Linsey M Steege, Jessica G Rainbow
BACKGROUND: Fatigue in hospital nurses is associated with decreased nurse satisfaction, increased turnover and negative patient outcomes. Addressing fatigue in nurses has been identified as a priority by many organizations worldwide in an effort to promote both a culture of patient safety and a healthy nursing workforce. OBJECTIVES: The overall aim of this study was to explore barriers and facilitators within the hospital nurse work system to nurse coping and fatigue...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893993/mediated-effects-of-perceived-discrimination-on-adolescent-academic-achievement-a-test-of-four-models
#16
William Hood, Graham L Bradley, Samantha Ferguson
Many adolescents feel they are subjected to acts of discrimination. Research shows that discrimination is associated with adverse outcomes including poor psychological adjustment, school adjustment, and academic achievement. This study investigated alternative pathways through which discrimination affects adolescents' academic achievement. A sample of 244 Year 7-10 Australian secondary school students (65% male; Mage = 13.6 years; SD = 1.24) completed questionnaires measuring discrimination, psychological adjustment, and sense of school membership...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892915/patient-access-improving-wait-times-in-a-specialty-clinic
#17
Tarina Kwong
A vascular surgery clinic in an academic center faced many delays for patients in gaining access to an appointment. In January 2014, wait times from referral to patient appointment were estimated to be 3 to 4 weeks. A 6-month pilot project was conducted from January 2014 through June 2014 with the aim of scheduling 50% of new patients within 7 days of referral. The clinic manager, medical director, clinic staff, and clerical team worked in partnership to initiate a series of interventions to reduce the backlog of patients, implement scheduling guidelines, and use nurse practitioners to improve practice efficiencies...
January 2016: Health Care Manager
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891310/assessment-of-oral-health-attitudes-and-behavior-among-students-of-kuwait-university-health-sciences-center
#18
Dena A Ali
AIM: The aims of this study were to assess attitudes and behavior of oral health maintenance among students in four faculties (Medicine, Dentistry, Pharmacy, and Allied Health) and to compare oral health attitudes and behavior of all students at Kuwait University Health Sciences Center (KUHSC) based on their academic level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Students enrolled in the Faculties of Dentistry, Medicine, Pharmacy, and Allied Health at KUHSC were evaluated regarding their oral health attitudes and behavior by an e-mail invitation with a link to the Hiroshima University Dental Behavior Inventory survey that was sent to all 1802 students with Kuwait University Health Sciences Center e-mail addresses...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891110/-my-child-has-cerebral-palsy-parental-involvement-and-children-s-school-engagement
#19
Armanda Pereira, Tânia Moreira, Sílvia Lopes, Ana R Nunes, Paula Magalhães, Sonia Fuentes, Natalia Reoyo, José C Núñez, Pedro Rosário
Engaged students tend to show school-committed behaviors (e.g., attend classes, get involved with the learning process), high achievement, and sense of belonging. However, students with disabilities are prone to show a lack of engagement with school due to the specific difficulties they have to handle. In fact, children with disabilities are likely to show poor participation in school when compared with children without disabilities. This poor involvement is related to their low autonomy to participate in the school activities, which, in turn, results in low school engagement...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891108/the-mediating-role-of-psychological-adjustment-between-peer-victimization-and-social-adjustment-in-adolescence
#20
Eva M Romera, Olga Gómez-Ortiz, Rosario Ortega-Ruiz
There is extensive scientific evidence of the serious psychological and social effects that peer victimization may have on students, among them internalizing problems such as anxiety or negative self-esteem, difficulties related to low self-efficacy and lower levels of social adjustment. Although a direct relationship has been observed between victimization and these effects, it has not yet been analyzed whether there is a relationship of interdependence between all these measures of psychosocial adjustment...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
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