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Sluggish cognitive tempo

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602533/the-neurocognitive-nature-of-children-with-adhd-comorbid-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-might-sct-be-a-disorder-of-vigilance
#1
Muharrem Burak Baytunca, Sevim Berrin Inci, Melis Ipci, Burcu Kardas, Gul Unsel Bolat, Eyup Sabri Ercan
Sluggish Cognitive Tempo (SCT) refers to a clinical construct including several symptoms such as sluggishness, absentmindedness, low energy. In the present study, we compared neurocognitive laboratory outcomes of ADHD children with or without SCT. METHOD: The CNS Vital Signs Battery was utilized to measure neurocognitive measure of the participants. The SCT+ADHD group comprised of 42 subjects, ADHD group was 41 subjects and control group was 24 subjects. RESULTS: The cognitive flexibility score was found to be more severely impaired in ADHD children with SCT in comparison to the ADHD-only...
March 21, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553294/evaluation-of-the-interplay-between-homework-motivation-and-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-in-youth-with-adhd-associations-with-homework-performance
#2
Zoe R Smith, Rosanna P Breaux, Cathrin D Green, Joshua M Langberg
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated which Sluggish Cognitive Tempo (SCT) factors (i.e., Slow, Sleepy, Daydreamer) are most strongly associated with homework motivation, and whether homework motivation mediates the path between SCT and academic impairment. METHOD: Participants were 285 middle school students (boys 209) in Grades 6 to 8 (ages 10-15 years) who were comprehensively diagnosed with ADHD. RESULTS: Parent- and self-report of SCT Slow behaviors predicted homework motivation above and beyond symptoms of ADHD, oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), anxiety, depression, and intelligence...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543471/sluggish-cognitive-tempo-and-student-teacher-relationship-quality-short-term-longitudinal-and-concurrent-associations
#3
Alex S Holdaway, Stephen P Becker
Although sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) is associated with poorer peer functioning, no study has examined SCT in relation to student-teacher relationship quality. The current study examined whether SCT, as rated by both teachers and children, was uniquely associated with poorer student-teacher relationship quality above and beyond child demographics and other mental health symptoms (i.e., attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD], oppositional defiant disorder/conduct disorder [ODD/CD], anxiety/depression)...
March 15, 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524018/advancing-the-study-of-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-via-dsm-rdoc-and-hierarchical-models-of-psychopathology
#4
REVIEW
Stephen P Becker, Erik G Willcutt
Sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) is separable from attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and other psychopathologies, and growing evidence demonstrates SCT to be associated with impairment in both children and adults. However, it remains unclear how SCT should optimally be conceptualized. In this article, we argue that multiple models of psychopathology should be leveraged to make substantive advances to our understanding of SCT. Both categorical and dimensional approaches should be used, including the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) nosology, the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) initiative, and hierarchical models of psychopathology...
March 10, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489078/sluggish-cognitive-tempo-as-a-possible-predictor-of-methylphenidate-response-in-children-with-adhd-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Tanya E Froehlich, Stephen P Becker, Todd G Nick, William B Brinkman, Mark A Stein, James Peugh, Jeffery N Epstein
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptomatology moderates dose response to methylphenidate and whether the impact of SCT on medication response is distinct from attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) subtype effects. METHODS: Stimulant-naive children with ADHD predominantly inattentive type (ADHD-I; n = 126) or ADHD combined type (ADHD-C; n = 45) aged 7-11 years were recruited from the community from September 2006 to June 2013 to participate in a prospective, randomized, double-blind, 4-week crossover trial of long-acting methylphenidate...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452000/optimal-items-for-assessing-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-in-children-across-mother-father-and-teacher-ratings
#6
Belén Sáez, Mateu Servera, Stephen P Becker, G Leonard Burns
A recent meta-analysis identified optimal items for assessing sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) as distinct from attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder inattention (ADHD-IN), and a preliminary study with teacher ratings of children in the United States found strong support for the convergent and discriminant validity of 15 SCT items. The current study evaluated whether the same 15 SCT items demonstrated convergent and discriminant validity from ADHD-IN in a large, community-based sample of children in Spain, and whether validity results were replicated across mother, father, and teacher ratings...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415601/sleep-internalizing-problems-and-social-withdrawal-unique-associations-in-clinic-referred-youth-with-elevated-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-symptoms
#7
Ana T Rondon, Dane C Hilton, Matthew A Jarrett, Thomas H Ollendick
OBJECTIVE: We compared clinic-referred youth with ADHD + sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT; n = 34), ADHD Only ( n = 108), and SCT Only ( n = 22) on demographics, co-occurring symptomatology, comorbid diagnoses, and social functioning. METHOD: In total, 164 youth (age = 6-17 years, M = 9.97) and their parent(s) presented to an outpatient clinic for a psychoeducational assessment. Between-group analyses and regressions were used to examine study variables. RESULTS: SCT groups were older and exhibited more parent-reported internalizing problems, externalizing problems, sleep problems, and social withdrawal on the Child Behavior Checklist...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198277/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-historical-neuropsychological-perspective
#8
E Mark Mahone, Martha B Denckla
The behavior patterns of hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention that would ultimately become recognized as Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) have been described for centuries. Nevertheless, in the past 35 years, advances in diagnostic methods, identification of biomarkers, and treatments have advanced at an exponential rate. ADHD is now recognized as the most common behavioral disorder of childhood, with risks extending well into adulthood for both males and females, leading to its identification as a significant public health issue...
October 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984497/redefining-adhd-using-an-adult-population-should-inattention-be-viewed-as-a-separate-dimension-from-cognitive-and-physiological-activity-level
#9
Nathan Miller, Frances Prevatt
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to reexamine the latent structure of ADHD and sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) due to issues with construct validity. Two proposed changes to the construct include viewing hyperactivity and sluggishness (hypoactivity) as a single continuum of activity level, and viewing inattention as a separate dimension from activity level. METHOD: Data were collected from 1,398 adults using Amazon's MTurk. A new scale measuring activity level was developed, and scores of Inattention were regressed onto scores of Activity Level using curvilinear regression...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815619/sluggish-cognitive-tempo-in-children-and-adolescents-with-higher-functioning-autism-spectrum-disorders-social-impairments-and-internalizing-symptoms
#10
Outi Reinvall, Teija Kujala, Arja Voutilainen, Anu-Liisa Moisio, Pekka Lahti-Nuuttila, Marja Laasonen
Sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) was introduced in 1980s in the field of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Studies indicate that symptoms of SCT are separate from symptoms of ADHD and independently associated with multiple domains of functioning in clinical groups and in typical development. We assessed whether similar pattern would apply to higher functioning autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Children with higher functioning ASD (N = 55; 5-15 years) were divided into the ASD+High SCT (n = 17), the ASD+Medium SCT (n = 18) and the ASD+Low SCT (n = 20) groups based on parent-rated daydreaming and slowness on the Five to Fifteen questionnaire (FTF)...
October 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800715/an-eeg-study-of-children-with-and-without-adhd-symptoms-between-group-differences-and-associations-with-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-symptoms
#11
Matthew A Jarrett, Philip A Gable, Ana T Rondon, Lauren B Neal, Hannah F Price, Dane C Hilton
OBJECTIVE: We examined differences between those with and without ADHD symptoms on resting state electroencephalography (EEG) indices and unique relations with sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptoms. METHOD: Children with ADHD symptoms ( n = 21) and healthy controls ( n = 20) were assessed using rating scales, a neuropsychological task measuring sustained attention and inhibitory control, and EEG activity during a resting state period. Between-group, correlational, and regression analyses were conducted...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649849/toward-establishing-a-standard-symptom-set-for-assessing-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-in-children-evidence-from-teacher-ratings-in-a-community-sample
#12
Stephen P Becker, G Leonard Burns, Aidan P Schmitt, Jeffery N Epstein, Leanne Tamm
Despite increasing interest in sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) in children, the field is stymied by the lack of a standard symptom set that can be used across studies. Without a standard symptom set, it is difficult to determine if differences across studies are due to methodological or sample differences, or simply the way SCT was measured. To move the field toward a standard symptom set, this study evaluates a teacher-report rating scale of SCT revised based on recent meta-analytic findings that identified optimal items for distinguishing SCT from attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder inattention (ADHD-IN)...
June 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604500/behavior-in-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders-in-remote-australia-a-population-based-study
#13
Tracey W Tsang, Heather Carmichael Olson, Jane Latimer, James Fitzpatrick, Marmingee Hand, June Oscar, Maureen Carter, Elizabeth J Elliott
OBJECTIVE: To document behavior in children residing in very remote Western Australian communities as rated by parent/caregivers and teachers. We hypothesized that children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) would have higher rates of problematic behavior than children without FASD. METHODS: The Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL; n = 97), and Teacher Report Form (TRF; n = 106) were used in this population-based study. Raw scores, proportions scoring within "Normal/Borderline/Clinical" ranges, and frequencies of Critical items were determined...
September 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527018/predicting-academic-impairment-and-internalizing-psychopathology-using-a-multidimensional-framework-of-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-with-parent-and-adolescent-reports
#14
Zoe R Smith, Joshua M Langberg
Adolescents with Sluggish Cognitive Tempo (SCT) exhibit symptoms of slowness, mental confusion, excessive daydreaming, low motivation, and drowsiness/sleepiness. Although many symptoms of SCT reflect internalizing states, no study has evaluated the clinical utility of self-report of SCT in an attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) sample. Furthermore, it remains unclear whether SCT is best conceptualized as a unidimensional or multidimensional construct. In a sample of 262 adolescents comprehensively diagnosed with ADHD, the present study used adolescent- and parent reports of SCT to evaluate the predictive utility of a general SCT factor from a bifactor modeling approach compared the utility of three specific SCT factors (slow, sleepy, and daydreamer) for predicting academic impairment and internalizing psychopathology...
September 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480824/-for-some-reason-i-find-it-hard-to-work-quickly-introduction-to-the-special-issue-on-sluggish-cognitive-tempo
#15
Stephen P Becker
The body of research investigating the sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) construct continues to accumulate at a rapid pace. This article provides an introduction to the Special Issue on SCT, which includes 10 empirical studies that collectively make a major contribution to the SCT knowledge base. Notably, the studies in this Special Issue include participants spanning in age from 4 to 64 years and from four continents, helping to move the field toward a life span, transcultural understanding of SCT. Together, these studies demonstrate that SCT symptoms can be distinguished from ADHD symptoms as early as preschool and that SCT does not fall under the overarching umbrella of ADHD...
June 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476615/deficits-in-spatial-learning-and-memory-in-adult-mice-following-acute-low-or-moderate-levels-of-prenatal-ethanol-exposure-during-gastrulation-or-neurulation
#16
Uta B Schambra, C Nicole Lewis, Theresa A Harrison
Debate continues on the merits of strictly limiting alcohol consumption during all of pregnancy, and whether "safe" consumption levels and/or times exist. Only a relatively few experimental studies have been conducted that limit the timing of exposure to specific events during development and the exposure level to one that might model sporadic, incidental drinking during pregnancy. In the present study, the effects of two acute gavage exposures to low and moderate levels of ethanol (peak blood ethanol concentrations (BEC) of 104 and 177mg/dl, respectively) either during gastrulation on gestational day (GD) 7 (at GD7:0h and GD7:4h) or during neurulation on GD8 (at GD8:6h and GD8:10h) on the spatial learning and memory abilities of adult mice in the radial arm maze (RAM) were examined...
May 2, 2017: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397576/association-between-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-symptoms-and-attentional-network-and-working-memory-in-primary-schoolchildren
#17
E Camprodon-Rosanas, N Ribas-Fitó, S Batlle, C Persavento, M Alvarez-Pedrerol, J Sunyer, J Forns
BACKGROUND: Few consistent data are available in relation to the cognitive and neuropsychological processes involved in sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptoms. The objective of this study was to determine the association of working memory and attentional networks with SCT symptoms in primary schoolchildren. METHODS: The participants were schoolchildren aged 7 to 10 years ( n = 183) from primary schools in Catalonia (Spain). All the participants completed a working memory task (n-back) and an attentional network task (ANT)...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383930/sluggish-cognitive-tempo-in-adults-psychometric-validation-of-the-adult-concentration-inventory
#18
Stephen P Becker, G Leonard Burns, Annie A Garner, Matthew A Jarrett, Aaron M Luebbe, Jeffery N Epstein, Erik G Willcutt
As interest in sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) increases, a primary limitation for the field is the lack of a unified set of symptoms for assessing SCT. No existing SCT measure includes all items identified in a recent meta-analysis as optimal for distinguishing between SCT and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) inattention. This study evaluates a new self-report measure for assessing SCT in adulthood, the Adult Concentration Inventory (ACI), which was developed in response to the meta-analytic findings for assessing SCT...
April 6, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322079/removal-notice
#19
(no author information available yet)
Leikauf, J. E., & Solanto, M. V. (2016). Sluggish Cognitive Tempo, Internalizing Symptoms, and Executive Function in Adults With ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1177/1087054716659361.
April 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288439/the-relationship-between-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-and-burnout-symptoms-in-psychiatrists-with-different-therapeutic-approaches
#20
Ahmet Gül, Hesna Gül, Ummuhan Ceviz Özkal, Zeliha Kıncır, Gozde Gültekin, Hacı Murat Emul
Burnout is a serious problem for psychiatrists that has implications for clinical practice and personal health. While burnout is known to affect cognitive functions, no studies have examined the relationship between sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) and burnout. This study aimed to examine this relationship and related factors as socio-demographic, occupational environment in psychiatrists. Participants(n=201, aged between 25 and 52 years,57.7% female) completed socio-demographic information form, Maslach Burnout Inventory and SCT Scale...
June 2017: Psychiatry Research
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