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Sluggish cognitive tempo

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#1
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Leikauf, J. E., & Solanto, M. V. (2016). Sluggish Cognitive Tempo, Internalizing Symptoms, and Executive Function in Adults With ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1177/1087054716659361.
April 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288439/the-relationship-between-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-and-burnout-symptoms-in-psychiatrists-with-different-therapeutic-approaches
#2
Ahmet Gül, Hesna Gül, Ummuhan Ceviz Özkal, Zeliha Kıncır, Gozde Gültekin, Hacı Murat Emul
Burnout is a serious problem for psychiatrists that has implications for clinical practice and personal health. While burnout is known to affect cognitive functions, no studies have examined the relationship between sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) and burnout. This study aimed to examine this relationship and related factors as socio-demographic, occupational environment in psychiatrists. Participants(n=201, aged between 25 and 52 years,57.7% female) completed socio-demographic information form, Maslach Burnout Inventory and SCT Scale...
March 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287826/honing-in-on-the-social-difficulties-associated-with-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-in-children-withdrawal-peer-ignoring-and-low-engagement
#3
Stephen P Becker, Annie A Garner, Leanne Tamm, Tanya N Antonini, Jeffery N Epstein
Sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptoms are associated with social difficulties in children, though findings are mixed and many studies have used global measures of social impairment. The present study tested the hypothesis that SCT would be uniquely associated with aspects of social functioning characterized by withdrawal and isolation, whereas attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms would be uniquely associated with aspects of social functioning characterized by inappropriate responding in social situations and active peer exclusion...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215271/effect-of-sleep-extension-on-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-symptoms-and%C3%A2-driving-behavior-in-adolescents-with-chronic-short-sleep
#4
Annie A Garner, Ashley Hansen, Catherine Baxley, Stephen P Becker, Craig A Sidol, Dean W Beebe
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Few adolescents report obtaining adequate amounts of sleep. Correlational studies have linked adolescent short sleep with driving crashes and sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT), a cluster of symptoms that include sluggishness and low persistence that are related to but distinct from inattention and sleepiness. The relationship between SCT and driving is understudied, and no study has experimentally examined the relationship between SCT and sleep. We examined the relationship between SCT and driving problems in a sample of chronically short-sleeping adolescents...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215021/sluggish-cognitive-tempo-processing-speed-and-internalizing-symptoms-the-moderating-effect-of-age
#5
Lisa A Jacobson, Megan Geist, E Mark Mahone
Sluggish Cognitive Tempo (SCT) has been defined by a constellation of caregiver-reported symptoms that includes daydreaming, difficulty initiating and sustaining effort, lethargy, and physical underactivity. These symptoms have been observed in both typically developing children and in some children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)-especially those with the predominantly inattentive presentation. Symptoms of SCT (typically identified via rating scales) appear separable from DSM inattentive ADHD symptoms, but have also been associated with internalizing symptoms...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164728/adhd-and-sct-symptomatology-in-relation-to-college-students-use-of-self-regulated-learning-strategies
#6
Christopher R Shelton, William E Addison, Cynthia M Hartung
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the relation between self-regulated learning (SRL) strategies and ADHD and sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptomatology. METHOD: Participants were 303 college students, aged 18 to 25 ( M = 20.04, SD = 1.45), from a Midwestern university who completed the Barkley Adult ADHD Rating Scale-IV (BAARS-IV), and a shortened, generalized version of the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ). RESULTS: Among college students, inattention symptomatology was consistently predictive of deficits in use of value, expectancy, and self-regulation strategies, while SCT symptomatology was only predictive of deficits in the use of self-regulation strategies...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162039/prevalence-patterns-and-predictors-of-sleep-problems-and-daytime-sleepiness-in-young-adolescents-with-adhd
#7
Joshua M Langberg, Stephen J Molitor, Lauren E Oddo, Hana-May Eadeh, Melissa R Dvorsky, Stephen P Becker
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of multiple types of sleep problems in young adolescents with ADHD. METHOD: Adolescents comprehensively diagnosed with ADHD (N = 262) and their caregivers completed well-validated measures of sleep problems and daytime sleepiness. Participants also completed measures related to medication use, comorbidities, and other factors that could predict sleep problems. RESULTS: Daytime sleepiness was by far the most common sleep problem, with 37% of adolescents meeting the clinical threshold according to parent report and 42% according to adolescent report...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064528/how-consistent-is-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-across-occasions-sources-and-settings-evidence-from-latent-state-trait-modeling
#8
Jonathan Preszler, G Leonard Burns, Kaylee Litson, Christian Geiser, Mateu Servera, Stephen P Becker
Research has yet to determine how much of the variance in sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptom ratings is consistent across occasions, sources, and settings versus specific to occasion, source, and setting. Our first objective was to determine the amount of variance in SCT ratings that was consistent ( trait consistency) across three occasions of measurement over 12 months versus specific to the occasion ( occasion-specificity) with ratings by mothers, fathers, primary teachers, and secondary teachers of 811 Spanish children...
January 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007003/sluggish-cognitive-tempo-internalizing-symptoms-and-executive-function-in-adults-with-adhd
#9
John E Leikauf, Mary V Solanto
OBJECTIVE: We sought to characterize relationships between sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) and both internalizing symptoms and executive functioning in adults with ADHD. METHOD: A total of 102 adults with ADHD completed clinical interviews and clinical rating scales. Hierarchical regression analyses were conducted to ascertain the independent predictive power of SCT symptoms for deficits in executive function (EF) after considering severity of ADHD inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive symptoms and internalizing symptoms...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887008/can-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-be-distinguished-from-adhd-inattention-in-very-young-children-evidence-from-a-sample-of-korean-preschool-children
#10
SoYean Lee, G Leonard Burns, Stephen P Becker
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated whether sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) is separable from ADHD-inattention (IN) and uniquely associated with internalizing dimensions in preschool children in South Korea. METHOD: Mothers of 172 preschool children (ages 4-6 years; 52% girls) rated children's SCT, ADHD-IN, ADHD-hyperactivity/impulsivity (HI), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), aggression, emotional reactivity, anxiety/depression, somatic complaints, withdrawal, and sleep problems...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845858/atomoxetine-related-change-in-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-is-partially-independent-of-change-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-inattentive-symptoms
#11
Keith McBurnett, David Clemow, David Williams, Miguel Villodas, Linda Wietecha, Russell Barkley
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate effects of atomoxetine versus placebo on sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) and determine factors affecting improvement of SCT in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with dyslexia (ADHD+D) or dyslexia only. METHODS: This is a post hoc analysis of a 16-week placebo-controlled, double-blind randomized phase of a previously reported atomoxetine study in children aged 10-16 years with ADHD+D, Dyslexia-only, or ADHD-only (no placebo arm)...
February 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806212/predictors-of-response-to-behavioral-treatments-among-children-with-adhd-inattentive-type
#12
Elizabeth B Owens, Stephen P Hinshaw, Keith McBurnett, Linda Pfiffner
The goal of the study was to examine baseline characteristics-child gender, IQ, age, internalizing problems, symptoms of hyperactivity/impulsivity (HI), oppositional defiant disorder, and sluggish cognitive tempo, and parent income, education, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) severity, and anxiety/depression (A/D)-associated with response to behavioral treatments for ADHD, predominantly inattentive type. We employed data from 148 children (M = 8.7 years), 58% male, and 57% Caucasian in a randomized clinical trial...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804023/pre-service-teachers-perceptions-of-sluggish-cognitive-tempo
#13
Rachel E Meisinger, Elizabeth K Lefler
Sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) is characterized by a passive form of inattention that may not overtly disrupt classroom goals. Due to the nature of these symptoms, children with SCT may be "falling through the cracks" in schools. The current study examined pre-service teachers' perceptions of SCT in the classroom. Undergraduate education majors (n = 161) read vignettes describing fictitious fourth-grade boys presenting with symptoms of SCT, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), or a non-ADHD-related control: social anxiety disorder (SA), and rated each of the vignettes in terms of their perceptions of the boy described...
November 1, 2016: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764528/sluggish-cognitive-tempo-is-associated-with-poorer-study-skills-more-executive-functioning-deficits-and-greater-impairment-in-college-students
#14
Andrew J Flannery, Aaron M Luebbe, Stephen P Becker
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have examined sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) in college students even though extant research suggests a higher prevalence rate of SCT symptoms in this population compared to general adult or youth samples. The current study examined SCT symptoms in relation to two domains related to college student's academic success, study skills and daily life executive functioning (EF), as well as specific domains of functional impairment. METHOD: 158 undergraduate students (Mage = 19...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738398/behavioural-problems-in-children-with-enuresis
#15
Seval Birdal, Burak Doğangün
AIM: Enuresis is defined as involuntary or intentional repeated voiding of urine into clothes or bed at least twice a week for a period of three consecutive months in children older than five years old. It is one of the most frequent chronic childhood disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of behavioural problems in children with enuresis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The research compared 30 children aged between 7 and 11 years who had consulted to Bakırköy Prof...
September 2016: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663189/parental-cognitive-errors-mediate-parental-psychopathology-and-ratings-of-child-inattention
#16
Lauren M Haack, Yuan Jiang, Kevin Delucchi, Nina Kaiser, Keith McBurnett, Stephen Hinshaw, Linda Pfiffner
We investigate the Depression-Distortion Hypothesis in a sample of 199 school-aged children with ADHD-Predominantly Inattentive presentation (ADHD-I) by examining relations and cross-sectional mediational pathways between parental characteristics (i.e., levels of parental depressive and ADHD symptoms) and parental ratings of child problem behavior (inattention, sluggish cognitive tempo, and functional impairment) via parental cognitive errors. Results demonstrated a positive association between parental factors and parental ratings of inattention, as well as a mediational pathway between parental depressive and ADHD symptoms and parental ratings of inattention via parental cognitive errors...
September 24, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648500/sluggish-cognitive-tempo-in-a-child-and-adolescent-clinical-outpatient-setting
#17
Ester Camprodon-Rosanas, Santiago Batlle, Xavier Estrada-Prat, Marta Aceña-Díaz, Araitz Petrizan-Aleman, Elena Pujals, Luis M Martin-López, Víctor Pérez-Solá, Núria Ribas-Fitó
Sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptoms have largely emerged from investigations of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Recent research has demonstrated the relevance of SCT symptoms in the field of clinical child and adolescent psychiatry. The goal of this research was to study the symptoms of SCT in a clinical child and adolescent sample and to define its features and comorbid conditions. We reviewed 834 clinical records of patients referred to Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services and examined SCT symptoms and their relation with sociodemographic data, clinical diagnosis, comorbid conditions, Child Behavior Checklist dimensions, and intelligence quotient...
September 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622982/are-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-symptoms-associated-with-executive-functioning-in-preschoolers
#18
Leanne Tamm, Sarah B Brenner, Morgan E Bamberger, Stephen P Becker
The aim of this study is to investigate whether sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptoms are associated with neurocognitive task performance and ratings of real-world executive functioning (EF) in preschoolers at risk for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The associations between parent- and teacher-rated SCT symptoms and neuropsychological task performance and ratings of EF in 61 4-year-old preschool children (51 boys, 10 girls) with self-regulation difficulties were examined, with regression analyses controlling for the effects of ADHD inattention symptoms...
September 13, 2016: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562004/parental-hiv-aids-and-psychological-health-of-younger-children-in-south-africa
#19
Comfort Asanbe, Anne-Gloria Moleko, Maretha Visser, Angela Thomas, Catherine Makwakwa, Waleska Salgado, Alexandra Tesnakis
OBJECTIVE: We examined several indicators of psychological health in a sample of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) to determine if there were significant differences between those orphaned by AIDS and those orphaned by other causes, and if there were gender differences. METHOD: Our sample consisted of 119 young children (ages 6-10 years) who participated in a non-governmental organisation (NGO)-supported social services programme in a low-resource, non-urban community in South Africa...
July 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444751/retracted-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-internalizing-symptoms-and-executive-function-in-adults-with-adhd
#20
John E Leikauf, Mary V Solanto
Leikauf, J. E., & Solanto, M. V. (2016). Sluggish Cognitive Tempo, Internalizing Symptoms, and Executive Function in Adults With ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1177/1087054716659361.
April 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
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