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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329867/effectiveness-of-a-virtual-reality-forest-on-people-with-dementia-a-mixed-methods-pilot-study
#1
Wendy Moyle, Cindy Jones, Toni Dwan, Tanya Petrovich
Purpose of the Study: To measure and describe the effectiveness of a Virtual Reality Forest (VRF) on engagement, apathy, and mood states of people with dementia, and explore the experiences of staff, people with dementia and their families. Design and Methods: A mixed-methods study conducted between February and May 2016. Ten residents with dementia, 10 family members, and 9 care staff were recruited from 2 residential aged care facilities, operated by one care provider, located in Victoria, Australia...
March 15, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327492/pet-therapy-an-effective-strategy-to-care-for-the-elderly-an-experimental-study-in-a-nursing-home
#2
Alfonso Sollami, Elisa Gianferrari, Manuela Alfieri, Giovanna Artioli, Chiara Taffurelli
BACKGROUND AND AIM: There has recently been a growing interest towards patients' affective and emotional needs, especially in relational therapies, which are considered vital as to increase the understanding of those needs and patients' well-being. In particular, we paid attention to those patients who are forced to spend the last phase of their existence in residential facilities, namely elderly people in nursing homes, who often feel marginalized, useless, depressed, unstimulated or unable to communicate...
March 14, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323838/bupropion-for-the-treatment-of-apathy-in-huntington-s-disease-a-multicenter-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-prospective-crossover-trial
#3
Harald Gelderblom, Torsten Wüstenberg, Tim McLean, Lisanne Mütze, Wilhelm Fischer, Carsten Saft, Rainer Hoffmann, Sigurd Süssmuth, Peter Schlattmann, Erik van Duijn, Bernhard Landwehrmeyer, Josef Priller
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of bupropion in the treatment of apathy in Huntington's disease (HD). METHODS: In this phase 2b multicentre, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover trial, individuals with HD and clinical signs of apathy according to the Structured Clinical Interview for Apathy-Dementia (SCIA-D), but not depression (n = 40) were randomized to receive either bupropion 150/300mg or placebo daily for 10 weeks. The primary outcome parameter was a significant change of the Apathy Evaluation Scale (AES) score after ten weeks of treatment as judged by an informant (AES-I) living in close proximity with the study participant...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317166/the-relationship-of-specific-items-on-the-neuropsychiatric-inventory-to-caregiver-burden-in-dementia-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Toril Marie Terum, John Roger Andersen, Arvid Rongve, Dag Aarsland, Ellen J Svendsboe, Ingelin Testad
OBJECTIVE: Neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPSs) are common in dementia, and they have been identified as important care-recipient variables in terms of their impact on caregiver burden. The aim of this review was to describe how individual NPSs in dementia, assessed using the Neuropsychiatric Inventory, are associated with caregiver burden. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of English language, peer-reviewed articles retrieved from MEDLINE, PSYCINFO, and EMBASE...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288664/injured-bodies-damaged-lives-experiences-and-narratives-of-kenyan-women-with-obstetric-fistula-and-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#5
Lillian Mwanri, Glory Joy Gatwiri
BACKGROUND: It is well acknowledged that Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C/C) leads to medical, psychological and sociocultural sequels. Over 200 million cases of FGM/C exist globally, and in Kenya alone, a total of 12,418,000 (28%) of women have undergone FGM/C, making the practice not only a significant national, but also a global health catastrophe. FGM/C is rooted in patriarchal and traditional cultures as a communal experience signifying a transition from girlhood to womanhood...
March 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283381/a-comprehensive-review-of-the-quality-and-feasibility-of-dementia-assessment-measures-the-dementia-outcomes-measurement-suite
#6
REVIEW
Adam Bentvelzen, Liesbeth Aerts, Katrin Seeher, Jacqueline Wesson, Henry Brodaty
The diagnosis of dementia and the management of its associated symptoms are aided by high-quality assessment tools. However, there is disagreement on the optimal tools among abundant alternatives and lack of consistent quality standards across the different domains of dementia-related change (ie, cognition, severity, function, behavioral and psychological symptoms, delirium, quality of life). Standardization is difficult because the relevance of a measurement tool for health professionals may depend on the clinical setting and on the dementia type and severity...
March 7, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278447/depressive-disorder-may-be-associated-with-raphe-nuclei-lesions-in-patients-with-brainstem-infarction
#7
Yoshiyuki Numasawa, Takaaki Hattori, Sumio Ishiai, Zen Kobayashi, Tomoyuki Kamata, Minoru Kotera, Satoru Ishibashi, Nobuo Sanjo, Hidehiro Mizusawa, Takanori Yokota
BACKGROUND: Depression is a common symptom after stroke, but its neural substrates remain unclear. The ascending serotonergic system originates from the raphe nuclei in the brainstem. We hypothesized that depressive disorder due to brainstem infarction is associated with damage to the raphe nuclei. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 19 patients who had the first-ever acute isolated brainstem infarction in an observational cross-sectional study. All patients were evaluated by using the Montgomery Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS), the clinician-rated version of Apathy Evaluation Scale (AES-C) and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276131/different-clinical-effect-of-four-antidementia-drugs-for-alzheimer-s-disease-patients-depending-on-white-matter-severity
#8
Yusuke Fukui, Nozomi Hishikawa, Jin Ichinose, Kota Sato, Yumiko Nakano, Ryuta Morihara, Yasuyuki Ohta, Toru Yamashita, Koji Abe
AIM: To examine the clinical effect of four antidementia drugs (donepezil, galantamine, rivastigmine and memantine) in Alzheimer's disease patients who were divided into subgroups based on their periventricular hyperintensity (PVH) severity. METHODS: A total of 551 Alzheimer's disease patients (201 men and 350 women) were divided into four subgroups based on their PVH severity (0-III). They received monotherapy for 12 months. We compared the clinical effects at the baseline, and at 3, 6 and 12 months after initiation...
March 9, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264768/clinical-and-genetic-analyses-of-familial-and-sporadic-frontotemporal-dementia-patients-in-southern-italy
#9
Rosa Capozzo, Celeste Sassi, Monia B Hammer, Simona Arcuti, Chiara Zecca, Maria R Barulli, Rosanna Tortelli, J Raphael Gibbs, Cynthia Crews, Davide Seripa, Francesco Carnicella, Claudia Dell'Aquila, Marco Rossi, Filippo Tamma, Francesco Valluzzi, Bruno Brancasi, Francesco Panza, Andrew B Singleton, Giancarlo Logroscino
INTRODUCTION: We investigated the clinical differences between familial and sporadic frontotemporal dementia (FTD), screening for mutations in known FTD genes. METHODS: We diagnosed 22 affected individuals belonging to eight families and 43 sporadic cases with FTD in Apulia, Southern Italy, in 2 years. Mutations in common causative FTD genes (GRN, MAPT, VCP, and TARDBP) and C9ORF72 expansions were screened. RESULTS: Behavioral variant of FTD was the most common clinical subtype (50% and 69% in familial and sporadic cases, respectively)...
March 3, 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264087/precipitous-deterioration-of-motor-function-cognition-and-behavior
#10
Mireya Fernández-Fournier, David C Perry, Maria Carmela Tartaglia, Mary de May, Adam Boxer, Giovanni Coppola, Chadwick W Christine, Eric J Huang, William W Seeley, Bruce L Miller, Steven J DeArmond, Lea T Grinberg, Michael D Geschwind
A 72-year-old woman developed new-onset depression, sustained an unexplained fall, and started walking cautiously. After 1 year, her depression resolved but she developed a dry cough. One year later, she experienced a more rapid decline in her gait with parkinsonism, visual difficulties with restricted vertical gaze, slowed horizontal and vertical saccades, dysphagia, apathy, and progressive cognitive decline, which led to her death 2 years later. The differential diagnosis, neuroimaging, and pathological findings are discussed, as well as their public health implications...
March 6, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256779/apathy-is-related-to-reduced-activation-in-cognitive-control-regions-during-set-shifting
#11
Nicky G Klaasen, Claire Kos, André Aleman, Esther M Opmeer
Apathy is a prominent and influential symptom in several neurological and psychiatric disorders, but it also occurs in the healthy population. It has considerable impact on daily life functioning, in clinical as well as healthy samples. Even though cognitive control is thought to be disrupted in people with apathy, the exact neural underpinnings of apathy remain unclear. Because flexible shifting between behaviors (set-shifting) is crucial for goal-directed behavior, disruptions in set-shifting may underlie apathy...
March 3, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251765/factors-related-to-continuous-and-discontinuous-attendance-at-memory-clinics
#12
N Hishikawa, Y Fukui, Y Nakano, R Morihara, M Takemoto, K Sato, T Yamashita, Y Ohta, K Abe
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Few studies have examined why some patients with dementia stop attending medical consultations. We conducted a retrospective study to investigate factors associated with discontinuous clinic attendance. METHODS: Participants were 988 patients with dementia from university hospital (UH) clinics and affiliated local hospital (LH) clinics. We compared continuous and discontinuous attenders on cognitive and affective functions and activities of daily living (ADL), and also compared UH and LH patients (UH: continuous, n = 176; discontinuous, n = 207; LH: continuous, n = 418; discontinuous, n = 187)...
March 1, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248559/pharmacological-and-nonpharmacological-treatment-for-apathy-in-alzheimer-disease-a-systematic-review-across-modalities
#13
Christos Theleritis, Kostas Siarkos, Everina Katirtzoglou, Antonios Politis
OBJECTIVE: Apathy is one of the most frequent neuropsychiatric symptoms encountered in Alzheimer disease (AD). Early diagnosis and timely treatment of apathy in AD seem to be of great importance, since apathy has been associated with poor disease outcome, reduced daily functioning, and caregiver distress. DESIGN: Within this context, we conducted an extensive electronic search from the databases included in the National Library of Medicine as well as PsychInfo and Google Scholar for studies that have investigated the effect of pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatments of apathy in AD...
January 2017: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248557/the-parkinson-s-active-living-pal-program
#14
London C Butterfield, Cynthia R Cimino, Robert Salazar, Juan Sanchez-Ramos, Dawn Bowers, Michael S Okun
BACKGROUND: Apathy, one of the most common neuropsychiatric symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD), has been associated with reduced daily functioning, cognition, treatment compliance, quality of life, and increased caregiver burden and distress, among other outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to develop and gather pilot data on the feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy of the Parkinson's Active Living (PAL) program, to our knowledge, the first behavioral treatment specifically designed to target apathy in patients with PD...
January 2017: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247480/apathy-dimensions-in-parkinson-s-disease
#15
Ratko Radakovic, Richard Davenport, John M Starr, Sharon Abrahams
OBJECTIVE: Apathy is a prominent and disabling symptom in Parkinson's disease (PD) and is a multidimensional behaviour, but which dimensions are specifically affected is unclear. Therefore, the aim of this preliminary study was to determine the psychometric properties of the Dimensional Apathy Scale (DAS) and explore the multidimensional profile of apathy in PD patients. METHODS: Thirty-four PD patients, with 30 of their informants/carers, and 34 healthy controls, with 30 of their informants, completed the DAS, Apathy Evaluation Scale and the Geriatric Depression Scale Short Form...
February 28, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246572/impact-of-combined-subthalamic-nucleus-and-substantia-nigra-stimulation-on-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-in-parkinson-s-disease-patients
#16
U Hidding, A Gulberti, A Horn, C Buhmann, W Hamel, J A Koeppen, M Westphal, A K Engel, C Gerloff, D Weiss, C K E Moll, M Pötter-Nerger
The goal of the study was to compare the tolerability and the effects of conventional subthalamic nucleus (STN) and combined subthalamic nucleus and substantia nigra (STN+SNr) high-frequency stimulation in regard to neuropsychiatric symptoms in Parkinson's disease patients. In this single center, randomized, double-blind, cross-over clinical trial, twelve patients with advanced Parkinson's disease (1 female; age: 61.3 ± 7.3 years; disease duration: 12.3 ± 5.4 years; Hoehn and Yahr stage: 2.2 ± 0.39) were included...
2017: Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245175/correction-ventral-striatal-hypoactivation-is-associated-with-apathy-but-not-diminished-expression-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240379/different-apathy-clinical-profile-and-neural-correlates-in-behavioral-variant-frontotemporal-dementia-and-alzheimer-s-disease
#18
Marta Fernández-Matarrubia, Jordi A Matías-Guiu, María Nieves Cabrera-Martín, Teresa Moreno-Ramos, María Valles-Salgado, José Luis Carreras, Jorge Matías-Guiu
OBJECTIVES: Apathy is one of the most common and disabling syndromes of dementia. Clinical apathy expression and neuroanatomical basis of apathy seem to differ between behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) and Alzheimer's disease (AD), although evidence is scarce and poorly understood. Our main purposes were to compare the clinical apathy profile from patients with bvFTD and AD and analyze the relationship between apathy and brain metabolism measured using positron emission tomography imaging with (18) F fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG-PET)...
February 27, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238305/polyomavirus-infection-in-gouldian-finches-erythrura-gouldiae-and-other-pet-birds-of-the-family-estrildidae
#19
E Circella, A Caroli, M Marino, M Legretto, N Pugliese, G Bozzo, G Cocciolo, D Dibari, A Camarda
A syndrome characterized by apathy, diarrhoea and high mortality of nestlings was observed in a flock of pet birds of the family Estrildidae. Enlargement of the liver, pulmonary congestion and urate accretions in the kidney were observed. Microscopically, there was glomerular atrophy, oedema and congestion of the lungs and necrosis and fibrosis of the liver. Cowdry type B intranuclear inclusion bodies were detected in the tissues. Polyomavirus was detected by polymerase chain reaction. The entire genome of the virus was amplified and sequenced, revealing 99 % identity to the sequence of finch polyomavirus isolated from the Eurasian bullfinch (family Fringillidae)...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229125/the-clinical-neuroanatomical-and-neuropathologic-phenotype-of-tbk1-associated-frontotemporal-dementia-a-longitudinal-case-report
#20
Carolin A M Koriath, Martina Bocchetta, Emilie Brotherhood, Ione O C Woollacott, Penny Norsworthy, Javier Simón-Sánchez, Cornelis Blauwendraat, Katrina M Dick, Elizabeth Gordon, Sophie R Harding, Nick C Fox, Sebastian Crutch, Jason D Warren, Tamas Revesz, Tammaryn Lashley, Simon Mead, Jonathan D Rohrer
INTRODUCTION: Mutations in the TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1) gene have recently been shown to cause frontotemporal dementia (FTD). However, the phenotype of TBK1-associated FTD is currently unclear. METHODS: We performed a single case longitudinal study of a patient who was subsequently found to have a novel A705fs mutation in the TBK1 gene. He was assessed annually over a 7-year period with a series of clinical, cognitive, and magnetic resonance imaging assessments...
2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
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