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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449574/the-clinical-utilization-of-radiation-therapy-in-korea-between-2011-and-2015
#1
Young-Seok Seo, Mi-Sook Kim, Jin-Kyu Kang, Won-Il Jang, Hee Jin Kim, Chul Koo Cho, Hyung Jun Yoo, Eun Kyung Paik, Yu Jin Cha, Jae Sun Yoon
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to estimate the clinical utilization of radiation therapy (RT) in Korea between 2011 and 2015. Materials and Methods: We analyzed the claims data from the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA) to estimate the clinical utilization of RT. The source population consisted of all patients who had any of the International Classification of Diseases 10 (ICD-10) cancer diagnoses (C00-C97) and those with diagnostic codes D00-D48, who were also associated with at least one of the procedure codes related to RT...
April 25, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449404/changes-in-prescribing-and-healthcare-resource-utilization-after-fda-drug-safety-communications-involving-zolpidem-containing-medications
#2
Aaron S Kesselheim, Macarius Donneyong, Gerald J Dal Pan, Esther H Zhou, Jerry Avorn, Sebastian Schneeweiss, John D Seeger
PURPOSE: Products containing the sedative/hypnotic zolpidem were subject to Drug Safety Communications (DSCs) in January and May 2013 describing the risk of next-morning impairment and recommending lower starting doses particularly for women. This study aimed to assess whether zolpidem DSCs were associated with prescribing-pattern changes between January 2011 and December 2013. METHODS: We assessed overall dispensings of zolpidem-containing products between January 2011 and December 2013 by conducting a time-series analysis...
April 27, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449346/airborne-allergic-contact-dermatitis-caused-by-isothiazolinones-in-water-based-paints-a-retrospective-study-of-44-cases
#3
Emmanuelle Amsler, Olivier Aerts, Nadia Raison-Peyron, Michèle Debons, Brigitte Milpied, Françoise Giordano-Labadie, Julie Waton, Marie C Ferrier-Le Bouëdec, Isabelle Lartigau, Catherine Pecquet, Haudrey Assier, Martine Avenel-Audran, Claire Bernier, Florence Castelain, Evelyne Collet, Marie-Noëlle Crépy, Nathalie Genillier, Pascal Girardin, Pauline Pralong, Florence Tetart, Dominique Vital-Durand, Angele Soria, Annick Barbaud
BACKGROUND: Airborne allergic contact dermatitis caused by paints containing isothiazolinones has been recognized as a health hazard. OBJECTIVES: To collect epidemiological, clinical and patch test data on airborne allergic contact dermatitis caused by isothiazolinone-containing paints in France and Belgium. METHODS: A descriptive, retrospective study was initiated by the Dermatology and Allergy Group of the French Society of Dermatology, including methylchloroisothiazolinone (MCI)/methylisothiazolinone (MI)- and/or MI-sensitized patients who developed airborne allergic contact dermatitis following exposure to isothiazolinone-containing paint...
April 27, 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449303/brief-intervention-physical-exercise-and-cognitive-behavioural-group-therapy-for-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-the-cins-trial
#4
A Harris, T F Moe, H R Eriksen, T Tangen, S A Lie, T H Tveito, S E Reme
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cognitive-behavioural treatments (CBT) and physical group exercise (PE) have both shown promising effects in reducing disability and increasing work participation among chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients. A brief cognitive intervention (BI) has previously been demonstrated to reduce work disability in CLBP. The aim of this study was to test if the effect of BI could be further increased by adding either group CBT or group PE. METHODS: A total of 214 patients, all sick listed 2-10 months due to CLBP, were randomized to BI (n = 99), BI + group CBT (n = 55) or BI + group PE (n = 60)...
April 27, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449292/oral-health-beliefs-knowledge-and-behaviors-in-northern-california-american-indian-and-alaska-native-mothers-regarding-early-childhood-caries
#5
Brenda Heaton, Andrew Crawford, Raul I Garcia, Michelle Henshaw, Christine A Riedy, Judith C Barker, Maureen A Wimsatt
OBJECTIVES: To assess the oral health beliefs, knowledge, and behaviors related to early childhood caries (ECC) risk in a convenience sample of American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) mothers residing in rural Northern California communities. METHODS: Fifty-three mothers of young children were recruited from three tribal communities in Northern California with the assistance of the California Rural Indian Health Board, Inc. and its California Tribal Epidemiology Center and Dental Support Center...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449275/public-perception-of-dermatology-and-dermatologists-in-italy-results-from-a-population-based-national-survey
#6
P Gisondi, G Deangelis, G Venturelli, G Girolomoni
INTRODUCTION: The public perception of Dermatology and dermatologists may be very relevant in guiding strategies for improving dermatologic care but it has been poorly investigated in Europe. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the public's perception of Dermatology and dermatologists in Italy. METHODS: A representative sampling of Italian adults (n=1500, aged 18-70 years), residing throughout the national territory was interviewed through a population-based telephone survey using a structured questionnaire...
April 27, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449135/friendship-and-depression-among-couples-in-later-life-the-moderating-effects-of-marital-quality
#7
Sae Hwang Han, Kyungmin Kim, Jeffrey A Burr
Objectives: The aims of the study were to examine within-person associations between social interactions with friends (one's own and partner's) and depressive symptoms over time among couples in later life and to investigate whether marital quality moderated the associations. Methods: We used longitudinal data from the Health and Retirement Study (2004-2012) to examine a sample of coupled individuals (dyad N = 6,833). Dyadic growth curve models were employed to test the study hypotheses...
April 26, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449047/what-s-buzzing-on-your-feed-health-authorities-use-of-facebook-to-combat-zika-in-singapore
#8
Santosh Vijaykumar, Rianne Wally Meurzec, Karthikayen Jayasundar, Claudia Pagliari, Yohan Fernandopulle
In 2016, Singapore grappled with one of the largest Zika outbreaks in Southeast Asia. This study examines the use of Facebook for Zika-related outreach by the Ministry of Health (MOH) and the National Environmental Agency (NEA) from March 1, 2015, to September 1, 2016, and public response to this effort. Despite nearly equivalent outreach, MOH's Facebook posts received more likes (µ = 3.49) and shares (µ = 30.11), whereas NEA's posts received more comments (µ = 4.55), with NEA posting mostly on prevention (N = 30) and MOH on situational updates (N = 24)...
April 25, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449045/the-relationship-between-self-reported-health-status-and-signs-of-psychological-distress-within-european-urban-contexts
#9
Greg Williams, Francesco Di Nardo, Arpana Verma
Self-reported health status (SRHS) reflects an individual's perception of their social, biological and psychological health, and has been linked to increased mortality risk and increased use of health services. Having a psychological co-morbidity can reduce health outcomes and increase healthcare costs. This paper investigates the relationship between SRHS and signs of psychological distress (PD) in European urban settings. The study sample comprised 20 439 adult respondents to surveys conducted across 37 urban areas...
April 25, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449018/accuracy-of-ethnicity-data-recorded-in-hospital-based-patient-clinical-records-and-the-australia-and-new-zealand-dialysis-and-transplant-registry
#10
Matthew Page, Emma H Wyeth, Ari Samaranayaka, Bronwen McNoe, Rachael Walker, John Schollum, Mark Marshall, Robert Walker, Sarah Derrett
AIM: Sustained health inequities are experienced by indigenous and minority populations. Accurate ethnicity data are fundamental to healthcare planning and provision and monitoring of health outcomes to address such inequities. This study investigated the accuracy of ethnicity data in a large clinical registry of end-stage kidney disease patients (the Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry; ANZDATA) and hospital-based patient clinical records compared with self-reported ethnicity data collected in the 'Dialysis Outcomes in those aged ≥65 years' (DOS65+) study...
April 28, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448936/composite-of-pah-degrading-endophytic-bacteria-reduces-contamination-and-health-risks-caused-by-pahs-in-vegetables
#11
Jian Wang, Juan Liu, Wanting Ling, Qingguo Huang, Yanzheng Gao
Vegetables accumulate polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) at high concentrations when grown in contaminated sites. Inoculation with PAH-degrading endophytic bacteria (EBPAH) has been recognized as one of the most promising ways to remove PAHs from plant bodies; however, the performance of single endophytic bacteria is generally limited. This investigation used a composite of eight EBPAH to reduce the contamination and health risk posed by 16 EPA priority PAHs in vegetables including Chinese cabbage (Brassica chinensis L...
April 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448915/ozone-exposure-affects-tree-defoliation-in-a-continental-climate
#12
Alessandra De Marco, Marcello Vitale, Ionel Popa, Alessandro Anav, Ovidiu Badea, Diana Silaghi, Stefan Leca, Augusto Screpanti, Elena Paoletti
Ground-level ozone (O3) affects trees through visible leaf injury, accelerating leaf senescence, declining foliar chlorophyll content, photosynthetic activity, growth, carbon sequestration, predisposing to pests attack and a variety of other physiological effects. Tree crown defoliation is one of the most important parameters that is representative of forest health and vitality. Effects of air pollution on forests have been investigated through manipulative experiments that are not representative of the real environmental conditions observed in the field...
April 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448780/integration-strategies-of-pharmacists-in-primary-care-based-accountable-care-organizations-a-report-from-the-accountable-care-organization-research-network-services-and-education
#13
Tina Joseph, Genevieve M Hale, Sara M Eltaki, Yesenia Prados, Renee Jones, Matthew J Seamon, Cynthia Moreau, Stephanie A Gernant
BACKGROUND: The accountable care organization (ACO) is an innovative health care delivery model centered on value-based care. ACOs consisting of primary care providers are increasingly becoming commonplace in practice; however, medication management remains suboptimal. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: As experts in medication management, pharmacists perform direct patient care and assist in the transition from one provider to another, which places them in an ideal position to manage multiple aspects of patient care...
May 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448739/health-economic-evaluation-of-immunization-strategies-of-hepatitis-e-vaccine-for-elderly-population
#14
Xiaoqing Cheng, Yueyuan Zhao, Xuefeng Zhang, Hui Jin, Jin Min
Objective This study was conducted to assess the cost-effectiveness of hepatitis E vaccination of elderly population in the sporadic regions in China. Methods We used a decision tree-Markov model to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of three kinds of hepatitis E virus vaccination strategies from societal perspectives. Parameter estimates were obtained from published researches and experts' opinion. The time horizon was 16 years, and the discounted rate was 3% annually. Costs are expressed in 2016 US dollars...
April 27, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448581/the-performance-of-bd-facspresto%C3%A2-for-cd4-t-cell-count-cd4-and-hemoglobin-concentration-test-in-ethiopia
#15
Gebremedhin Gebremicael, Yohanes Belay, Fitsum Girma, Yemane Abreha, Atsbeha Gebreegziabxier, Simret Tesfaye, Zelalem Messele, Yibeltal Assefa, Bahrie Bellete, Desta Kassa, Lara Vojnov
INTRODUCTION: In Ethiopia, CD4+ T-cell counting is still required for all patients at baseline before antiretroviral therapy (ART) and to determine eligibility and follow-up of opportunistic infection prophylaxis. However, access to CD4+ T cell count in rural health facilities remains a major challenge in Ethiopia like other resource-limited settings. METHODOLOGY: Both capillary and venous blood was drawn from each of 325 study participant recruited in Addis Ababa and surroundings...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448483/trends-in-repeat-births-and-use-of-postpartum-contraception-among-teens-united-states-2004-2015
#16
Deborah L Dee, Karen Pazol, Shanna Cox, Ruben A Smith, Katherine Bower, Martha Kapaya, Amy Fasula, Ayanna Harrison, Charlan D Kroelinger, Denise D'Angelo, Leslie Harrison, Emilia H Koumans, Nikki Mayes, Wanda D Barfield, Lee Warner
Teen* childbearing (one or more live births before age 20 years) can have negative health, social, and economic consequences for mothers and their children (1). Repeat teen births (two or more live births before age 20 years) can constrain the mother's ability to take advantage of educational and workforce opportunities (2), and are more likely to be preterm or of low birthweight than first teen births (3). Despite the historic decline in the U.S. teen birth rate during 1991-2015, from 61.8 to 22.3 births per 1,000 females aged 15-19 years (4), many teens continue to have repeat births (3)...
April 28, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448460/assessing-greenhouse-gas-emissions-and-health-co-benefits-a-structured-review-of-lifestyle-related-climate-change-mitigation-strategies
#17
REVIEW
Vivian G M Quam, Joacim Rocklöv, Mikkel B M Quam, Rebekah A I Lucas
This is the first structured review to identify and summarize research on lifestyle choices that improve health and have the greatest potential to mitigate climate change. Two literature searches were conducted on: (1) active transport health co-benefits, and (2) dietary health co-benefits. Articles needed to quantify both greenhouse gas emissions and health or nutrition outcomes resulting from active transport or diet changes. A data extraction tool (PRISMA) was created for article selection and evaluation...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448457/effects-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-bone-turnover-markers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Verena Schwetz, Christian Trummer, Marlene Pandis, Martin R Grübler, Nicolas Verheyen, Martin Gaksch, Armin Zittermann, Winfried März, Felix Aberer, Angelika Lang, Gerlies Treiber, Claudia Friedl, Barbara Obermayer-Pietsch, Thomas R Pieber, Andreas Tomaschitz, Stefan Pilz
Bone turnover markers (BTMs) are used to evaluate bone health together with bone mineral density and fracture assessment. Vitamin D supplementation is widely used to prevent and treat musculoskeletal diseases but existing data on vitamin D effects on markers of bone resorption and formation are inconsistent. We therefore examined the effects of vitamin D supplementation on bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (bALP), osteocalcin (OC), C-terminal telopeptide (CTX), and procollagen type 1 N-terminal propeptide (P1NP)...
April 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448452/a-wireless-sensor-network-for-growth-environment-measurement-and-multi-band-optical-sensing-to-diagnose-tree-vigor
#19
Shinichi Kameoka, Shuhei Isoda, Atsushi Hashimoto, Ryoei Ito, Satoru Miyamoto, Genki Wada, Naoki Watanabe, Takashi Yamakami, Ken Suzuki, Takaharu Kameoka
We have tried to develop the guidance system for farmers to cultivate using various phenological indices. As the sensing part of this system, we deployed a new Wireless Sensor Network (WSN). This system uses the 920 MHz radio wave based on the Wireless Smart Utility Network that enables long-range wireless communication. In addition, the data acquired by the WSN were standardized for the advanced web service interoperability. By using these standardized data, we can create a web service that offers various kinds of phenological indices as secondary information to the farmers in the field...
April 27, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448373/effects-of-parental-stress-optimism-and-health-promoting-behaviors-on-the-quality-of-life-of-primiparous-and-multiparous-mothers
#20
Jennifer Loh, Craig Harms, Bronwyn Harman
BACKGROUND: Parental stress, optimism, and health-promoting behaviors (HPBs) are important predictors of the quality of life (QoL) of mothers. However, it is unclear how strongly these predictors affect the QoL of mothers. It is also unclear if the impact of these predictors on QoL differs between primiparous and multiparous mothers. In this study, we defined primiparous as "bearing young for the first time" and multiparous as "having experienced one or more previous childbirths." OBJECTIVES: The first objective of this study was to examine the relative effect of parental stress, optimism, and HPBs on the QoL of mothers...
May 2017: Nursing Research
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