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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727011/postoperative-laryngeal-morbidity-and-intubating-conditions-using-the-mcgrath%C3%A2-mac-videolaryngoscope-with-or-without-neuromuscular-blockade-a-randomised-double-blind-non-inferiority-trial
#1
T Nakanishi, M Yoshimura, S Sakamoto, T Toriumi
Tracheal intubation without neuromuscular blockade may be associated with worse intubating conditions and increased laryngeal morbidity. We hypothesised that tracheal intubation using the McGRATH™ MAC videolaryngoscope would not increase postoperative hoarseness, even without neuromuscular blockade. In this prospective, randomised, parallel-group, double-blind, non-inferiority trial, 248 patients were randomly assigned to tracheal intubation with or without neuromuscular blockade using rocuronium. Hoarseness and sore throat were evaluated at 24 h and 48 h postoperatively...
May 4, 2018: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723240/racism-and-health-in-new-zealand-prevalence-over-time-and-associations-between-recent-experience-of-racism-and-health-and-wellbeing-measures-using-national-survey-data
#2
Ricci B Harris, James Stanley, Donna M Cormack
OBJECTIVES: Racism is an important health determinant that contributes to ethnic health inequities. This study sought to describe New Zealand adults' reported recent experiences of racism over a 10 year period. It also sought to examine the association between recent experience of racism and a range of negative health and wellbeing measures. METHODS: The study utilised previously collected data from multiple cross-sectional national surveys (New Zealand Health Surveys 2002/03, 2006/07, 2011/12; and General Social Surveys 2008, 2010, 2012) to provide prevalence estimates of reported experience of racism (in the last 12 months) by major ethnic groupings in New Zealand...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716504/combined-use-of-c-mac%C3%A2-videolaryngoscope-and-nasal-videobronchoscope-for-critical-airway-rescue-and-intubation
#3
J R Cormack, M L Ho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701428/anaesthetic-management-in-a-duchennne-muscle-dystrophy-patient-for-treatment-of-recurrent-pneumothorax
#4
Sara Mota, Liuba Germanova, Joana Cortesão, Teresa Paiva
INTRODUCTION: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an x linked recessive disorder. Long term prognosis is ominous, with development of respiratory distress and cardiomyopathy in advanced stage of the disease and expected death in the teens-to-mid 20s due to respiratory or cardiac failure. Peri-operative management of this patients is challenging due to difficult airway anatomy (macroglossia, limited neck and mandibular mobility). Additionally, they are at risk of developing malignant hyperthermia, rhabdomyolysis and hyperkalemic cardiac arrest when exposed to halogenated inhalational anaesthetics and depolarizing muscle relaxants...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696123/comparative-analysis-of-the-usefulness-of-the-glidescope-%C3%A2-macintosh-and-mccoy-laryngoscopes-for-endotracheal-intubation-in-patients-with-obesity-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Seyed Reza Akbarzadeh, Maryar Taghavi Gillani, Masoumeh Tabari, Negar Morovatdar
Background: Difficult intubation is dangerous and sometimes fatal, especially in patients with obesity. In difficult intubation cases the best device should be applied to decrease the risk of complications. The current study aimed at comparing laryngoscopes, Macintosh, McCoy, GlideScope® and devices for intubation purposes. Methods: A total of 102 patients with obesity and ASA (American society of anesthesiologists) class I or II, and body mass index (BMI) of > 30 kg/m2 were selected...
December 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687341/correlation-of-neck-circumference-with-difficult-mask-ventilation-and-difficult-laryngoscopy-in-morbidly-obese-patients-an-observational-study
#6
Aylin Özdilek, Cigdem Akyol Beyoglu, Şafak Emre Erbabacan, Birsel Ekici, Fatiş Altındaş, Suphi Vehid, Güniz Meyancı Köksal
PURPOSE: Mask ventilation and laryngoscopy can be challenging in morbidly obese patients because of excessive fat tissue. There are studies suggesting that neck circumference is associated with difficult mask ventilation, difficult laryngoscopy, and difficult intubation. The primary aim of our study is to evaluate predictive value of neck circumference for difficult mask ventilation and difficult laryngoscopy in female and male morbidly obese patients separately. METHODS: This observational cross-sectional study was performed in the period between March 2015 and December 2015...
April 23, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643626/ratio-of-height-to-thyromental-distance-and-ratio-of-height-to-sternomental-distance-as-predictors-of-laryngoscopic-grade-in-children
#7
Swarup Ray, Shwethapriya Rao, Jasvinder Kaur, Yogesh K Gaude
Background and Aims: Failure to secure the airway is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in children. Children are often uncooperative for routine examination and pose problems for obtaining external measurements. We aimed to evaluate ratio of height-to-thyromental distance (RHTMD) and ratio of height-to-sternomental distance (RHSMD) as predictors of laryngoscopic grade in children aged 1-12 years. Material and Methods: This study was an observational study conducted in children aged between 1 and 12 years scheduled for elective surgery under general anesthesia...
January 2018: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643625/formulation-of-a-multivariate-predictive-model-for-difficult-intubation-a-double-blinded-prospective-study
#8
Anoop Kanwal Chhina, Richa Jain, Parshotam Lal Gautam, Jony Garg, Nidhi Singh, Anju Grewal
Background and Aims: Various models were devised for prediction of difficult intubation but have low positive predictive value, sensitivity and specificity. We aimed to predict difficult intubation from various airway predictive indices, in isolation and combination, and to formulate a multivariate model that can aid in accurate prediction of difficult intubation. Material and Methods: A prospective double blinded study was conducted on 500 adult patients scheduled for elective surgery under general anaesthesia...
January 2018: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628843/point-of-care-ultrasound-in-the-airway-assessment-a-correlation-of-ultrasonography-guided-parameters-to-the-cormack-lehane-classification
#9
Shelly Rana, Versha Verma, Shyam Bhandari, Shalini Sharma, Vishal Koundal, Sudarshan Kumar Chaudhary
Background and Aim: The sonographic assessment of airway in the preoperative period has encouraging results in predicting difficult laryngoscopy. Materials and Methods: The prospective, observational study was conducted on 120 patients scheduled for elective surgery requiring general anesthesia and tracheal intubation. The depth of the pre-epiglottic space (Pre-E), the distance from the epiglottis to the midpoint of the distance between the vocal cords (E-VC) was measured sonographically...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628839/a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study-to-evaluate-and-compare-glidescope-with-macintosh-laryngoscope-for-ease-of-endotracheal-intubation-in-adult-patients-undergoing-elective-surgery-under-general-anesthesia
#10
Anudeep Jafra, Satinder Gombar, Dheeraj Kapoor, Harpreet Singh Sandhu, Kamlesh Kumari
Background: The aim of the study was to compare the ease the intubation using GlideScope video laryngoscope and Macintosh laryngoscope in adult patients undergoing elective surgery under general anesthesia. Materials and Methods: A total of 200 American Society of Anesthesiologists I-II patients of either sex, in the age group of 18-60 years were included in the study. Patients were randomly allocated to two groups. We assessed ease of intubation depending on time to tracheal intubation, number of attempts, glottic view (Cormack-Lehane grade [CL grade] and percentage of glottis opening [POGO]) and intubation difficulty score (IDS), hemodynamic variables and any intra- and post-operative adverse events...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628567/comparison-of-upper-lip-bite-test-and-ratio-of-height-to-thyromental-distance-with-other-airway-assessment-tests-for-predicting-difficult-endotracheal-intubation
#11
D Shobha, Maitri Adiga, D Devika Rani, Sudheesh Kannan, S S Nethra
Background and Aims: Unanticipated difficult intubation or the failed intubation in operating room and in emergency department is an imperative source of anesthesia-related patient's mortality. The aim of this study is to compare the predictive value of upper lip bite test (ULBT) and ratio of height to thyromental distance (RHTMD) with other commonly used preoperative airway assessment tests for predicting difficult intubation in Indian population. Materials and Methods: In this prospective, single-blinded observational study, 260 adult patients of either sex, belonging to American Society of Anesthesiologists physical Status I and II undergoing elective surgical procedure under general anesthesia were included in the study...
January 2018: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617747/reply-to-letter-obesity-and-esophagectomy-for-esophageal-cancer-is-it-only-the-high-bmi-that-defines-prognosis
#12
O Mc Cormack, V Mengardo, F Pucetti, A Chaudry, W H Allum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2018: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576821/video-versus-direct-laryngoscopy-on-successful-first-pass-endotracheal-intubation-in-icu-patients
#13
Yong-Xia Gao, Yan-Bo Song, Ze-Juan Gu, Jin-Song Zhang, Xu-Feng Chen, Hao Sun, Zhen Lu
BACKGROUND: Airway management in intensive care unit (ICU) patients is challenging. The aim of this study was to compare the rate of successful first-pass intubation in the ICU by using the direct laryngoscopy (DL) and that by using the video laryngoscopy (VL). METHODS: A randomized, non-blinded trial comparing first-pass success rate of intubation between VL and DL was performed. Patients were recruited in the period from August 2014 to August 2016. All physicians working at ICU received hands-on training in the use of the video and direct laryngoscope...
2018: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572220/caregiver-experiences-of-racism-and-child-healthcare-utilisation-cross-sectional-analysis-from-new-zealand
#14
Sarah-Jane Paine, Ricci Harris, James Stanley, Donna Cormack
OBJECTIVES: Children's exposure to racism via caregiver experience (vicarious racism) is associated with poorer health and development. However, the relationship with child healthcare utilisation is unknown. We aimed to investigate (1) the prevalence of vicarious racism by child ethnicity; (2) the association between caregiver experiences of racism and child healthcare utilisation; and (3) the contribution of caregiver socioeconomic position and psychological distress to this association...
March 23, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527552/perioperative-airway-management-for-aortic-valve-replacement-in-an-adult-with-mucopolysaccharidosis-type-ii-hunter-syndrome
#15
Kazuchika Suzuki, Hiroaki Sakai, Kenji Takahashi
We herein report anesthetic management during aortic valve replacement for aortic valve regurgitation in a patient with adult mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS type 2) (Hunter syndrome). This disorder is rare and related to the accumulation of a mucopolysaccharide in lysosomes. It affects various organs, including the airways, heart, and central nerves. In children with MPS type 2, the risk of airway obstruction during anesthesia/sedation is high, and the degree of difficulty increases with aging. The patient described herein was a 33-year-old male without mental retardation...
2018: JA Clinical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517671/comparison-of-the-mcgrath-videolaryngoscope-and-the-macintosh-laryngoscope-for-double-lumen-endobronchial-tube-intubation-in-patients-with-manual-in-line-stabilization-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ji Young Yoo, Sung Yong Park, Jong Yeop Kim, Myungseob Kim, Seok Jin Haam, Dae Hee Kim
BACKGROUND: Double lumen endobronchial tube (DLT) intubation is commonly used for one-lung ventilation in thoracic surgery. However, because of its large size and shape, it is difficult to perform intubation compared with a single lumen tube. The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to determine whether the McGrath videolaryngoscope has any advantage over the direct Macintosh laryngoscope for DLT intubation in patients with a simulated difficult airway. METHODS: Forty-four patients (19-60 years of age); scheduled to undergo general anesthesia with one-lung ventilation were assigned to 1 of 2 groups: DLT intubation with the McGrath videolaryngoscope (ML group [n = 22]); or conventional Macintosh laryngoscope (DL group [n = 22])...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503478/fungal-planet-description-sheets-625-715
#17
P W Crous, M J Wingfield, T I Burgess, A J Carnegie, G E St J Hardy, D Smith, B A Summerell, J F Cano-Lira, J Guarro, J Houbraken, L Lombard, M P Martín, M Sandoval-Denis, A V Alexandrova, C W Barnes, I G Baseia, J D P Bezerra, V Guarnaccia, T W May, M Hernández-Restrepo, A M Stchigel, A N Miller, M E Ordoñez, V P Abreu, T Accioly, C Agnello, A Agustin Colmán, C C Albuquerque, D S Alfredo, P Alvarado, G R Araújo-Magalhães, S Arauzo, T Atkinson, A Barili, R W Barreto, J L Bezerra, T S Cabral, F Camello Rodríguez, R H S F Cruz, P P Daniëls, B D B da Silva, D A C de Almeida, A A de Carvalho Júnior, C A Decock, L Delgat, S Denman, R A Dimitrov, J Edwards, A G Fedosova, R J Ferreira, A L Firmino, J A Flores, D García, J Gené, A Giraldo, J S Góis, A A M Gomes, C M Gonçalves, D E Gouliamova, M Groenewald, B V Guéorguiev, M Guevara-Suarez, L F P Gusmão, K Hosaka, V Hubka, S M Huhndorf, M Jadan, Ž Jurjević, B Kraak, V Kučera, T K A Kumar, I Kušan, S R Lacerda, S Lamlertthon, W S Lisboa, M Loizides, J J Luangsa-Ard, P Lysková, W P Mac Cormack, D M Macedo, A R Machado, E F Malysheva, P Marinho, N Matočec, M Meijer, A Mešić, S Mongkolsamrit, K A Moreira, O V Morozova, K U Nair, N Nakamura, W Noisripoom, I Olariaga, R J V Oliveira, L M Paiva, P Pawar, O L Pereira, S W Peterson, M Prieto, E Rodríguez-Andrade, C Rojo De Blas, M Roy, E S Santos, R Sharma, G A Silva, C M Souza-Motta, Y Takeuchi-Kaneko, C Tanaka, A Thakur, M Th Smith, Z Tkalčec, N Valenzuela-Lopez, P van der Kleij, A Verbeken, M G Viana, X W Wang, J Z Groenewald
Novel species of fungi described in this study include those from various countries as follows: Antarctica : Cadophora antarctica from soil. Australia : Alfaria dandenongensis on Cyperaceae , Amphosoma persooniae on Persoonia sp., Anungitea nullicana on Eucalyptus sp . , Bagadiella eucalypti on Eucalyptus globulus , Castanediella eucalyptigena on Eucalyptus sp., Cercospora dianellicola on Dianella sp., Cladoriella kinglakensis on Eucalyptus regnans , Cladoriella xanthorrhoeae (incl. Cladoriellaceae fam. nov...
December 2017: Persoonia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502798/correlation-of-preoperative-findings-in-computed-axial-tomography-with-the-presence-of-difficult-airway-in-patients-undergoing-head-and-neck-otorhinolaryngological-surgery
#18
J C Gutiérrez, S Merino, P de la Calle, C Perrino, M Represa, P Moral
OBJECTIVES: To establish a correlation between 4 measurements made on preoperative computed axial tomography and the presence of difficult airway, as well as its clinical prediction in patients undergoing otorhinolaryngological surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective, observational study was carried out using the information gathered from the clinical notes of 104 patients undergoing general anaesthesia and endotracheal intubation for oncological otorhinolaryngological surgery over a period of 36 months...
May 2018: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495732/plane-nonlinear-shear-waves-in-relaxing-media
#19
John M Cormack, Mark F Hamilton
Model equations with cubic nonlinearity are developed for a plane shear wave of finite amplitude in a relaxing medium. The evolution equation for progressive waves is solved analytically for a jump in stress that propagates into an undisturbed medium. Weak-shock theory is used to determine the amplitude and location of the shock when the solution predicts a multivalued waveform. The solution is similar to that obtained by Polyakova, Soluyan, and Khokhlov [Sov. Phys. Acoust. 8, 78-82 (1962)] for a compressional wave with quadratic nonlinearity in a relaxing fluid...
February 2018: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494377/age-group-differences-in-the-performance-of-selected-tests-of-physical-function-and-association-with-lower-extremity-strength
#20
Peter Francis, William Mc Cormack, Mark Lyons, Philip Jakeman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: It is not known whether short functional performance tests used in aging research are appropriate for use in healthy older adults. The purpose of this study was to investigate age-group differences (sixth decade vs seventh decade) in selected functional performance tests and the association between lower extremity strength and functional performance. METHODS: One hundred fifty-nine (18.2% [n = 29] male) healthy older, mean (standard deviation) age: 60...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
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