Read by QxMD icon Read


Kazuchika Suzuki, Hiroaki Sakai, Kenji Takahashi
We herein report anesthetic management during aortic valve replacement for aortic valve regurgitation in a patient with adult mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS type 2) (Hunter syndrome). This disorder is rare and related to the accumulation of a mucopolysaccharide in lysosomes. It affects various organs, including the airways, heart, and central nerves. In children with MPS type 2, the risk of airway obstruction during anesthesia/sedation is high, and the degree of difficulty increases with aging. The patient described herein was a 33-year-old male without mental retardation...
2018: JA Clin Rep
Ji Young Yoo, Sung Yong Park, Jong Yeop Kim, Myungseob Kim, Seok Jin Haam, Dae Hee Kim
BACKGROUND: Double lumen endobronchial tube (DLT) intubation is commonly used for one-lung ventilation in thoracic surgery. However, because of its large size and shape, it is difficult to perform intubation compared with a single lumen tube. The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to determine whether the McGrath videolaryngoscope has any advantage over the direct Macintosh laryngoscope for DLT intubation in patients with a simulated difficult airway. METHODS: Forty-four patients (19-60 years of age); scheduled to undergo general anesthesia with one-lung ventilation were assigned to 1 of 2 groups: DLT intubation with the McGrath videolaryngoscope (ML group [n = 22]); or conventional Macintosh laryngoscope (DL group [n = 22])...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
P W Crous, M J Wingfield, T I Burgess, A J Carnegie, G E St J Hardy, D Smith, B A Summerell, J F Cano-Lira, J Guarro, J Houbraken, L Lombard, M P Martín, M Sandoval-Denis, A V Alexandrova, C W Barnes, I G Baseia, J D P Bezerra, V Guarnaccia, T W May, M Hernández-Restrepo, A M Stchigel, A N Miller, M E Ordoñez, V P Abreu, T Accioly, C Agnello, A Agustin Colmán, C C Albuquerque, D S Alfredo, P Alvarado, G R Araújo-Magalhães, S Arauzo, T Atkinson, A Barili, R W Barreto, J L Bezerra, T S Cabral, F Camello Rodríguez, R H S F Cruz, P P Daniëls, B D B da Silva, D A C de Almeida, A A de Carvalho Júnior, C A Decock, L Delgat, S Denman, R A Dimitrov, J Edwards, A G Fedosova, R J Ferreira, A L Firmino, J A Flores, D García, J Gené, A Giraldo, J S Góis, A A M Gomes, C M Gonçalves, D E Gouliamova, M Groenewald, B V Guéorguiev, M Guevara-Suarez, L F P Gusmão, K Hosaka, V Hubka, S M Huhndorf, M Jadan, Ž Jurjević, B Kraak, V Kučera, T K A Kumar, I Kušan, S R Lacerda, S Lamlertthon, W S Lisboa, M Loizides, J J Luangsa-Ard, P Lysková, W P Mac Cormack, D M Macedo, A R Machado, E F Malysheva, P Marinho, N Matočec, M Meijer, A Mešić, S Mongkolsamrit, K A Moreira, O V Morozova, K U Nair, N Nakamura, W Noisripoom, I Olariaga, R J V Oliveira, L M Paiva, P Pawar, O L Pereira, S W Peterson, M Prieto, E Rodríguez-Andrade, C Rojo De Blas, M Roy, E S Santos, R Sharma, G A Silva, C M Souza-Motta, Y Takeuchi-Kaneko, C Tanaka, A Thakur, M Th Smith, Z Tkalčec, N Valenzuela-Lopez, P van der Kleij, A Verbeken, M G Viana, X W Wang, J Z Groenewald
Novel species of fungi described in this study include those from various countries as follows: Antarctica : Cadophora antarctica from soil. Australia : Alfaria dandenongensis on Cyperaceae , Amphosoma persooniae on Persoonia sp., Anungitea nullicana on Eucalyptus sp . , Bagadiella eucalypti on Eucalyptus globulus , Castanediella eucalyptigena on Eucalyptus sp., Cercospora dianellicola on Dianella sp., Cladoriella kinglakensis on Eucalyptus regnans , Cladoriella xanthorrhoeae (incl. Cladoriellaceae fam. nov...
December 2017: Persoonia
J C Gutiérrez, S Merino, P de la Calle, C Perrino, M Represa, P Moral
OBJECTIVES: To establish a correlation between 4 measurements made on preoperative computed axial tomography and the presence of difficult airway, as well as its clinical prediction in patients undergoing otorhinolaryngological surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective, observational study was carried out using the information gathered from the clinical notes of 104 patients undergoing general anaesthesia and endotracheal intubation for oncological otorhinolaryngological surgery over a period of 36 months...
March 1, 2018: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
John M Cormack, Mark F Hamilton
Model equations with cubic nonlinearity are developed for a plane shear wave of finite amplitude in a relaxing medium. The evolution equation for progressive waves is solved analytically for a jump in stress that propagates into an undisturbed medium. Weak-shock theory is used to determine the amplitude and location of the shock when the solution predicts a multivalued waveform. The solution is similar to that obtained by Polyakova, Soluyan, and Khokhlov [Sov. Phys. Acoust. 8, 78-82 (1962)] for a compressional wave with quadratic nonlinearity in a relaxing fluid...
February 2018: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Peter Francis, William Mc Cormack, Mark Lyons, Philip Jakeman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: It is not known whether short functional performance tests used in aging research are appropriate for use in healthy older adults. The purpose of this study was to investigate age-group differences (sixth decade vs seventh decade) in selected functional performance tests and the association between lower extremity strength and functional performance. METHODS: One hundred fifty-nine (18.2% [n = 29] male) healthy older, mean (standard deviation) age: 60...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Anna C Tottman, Frank H Bloomfield, Barbara E Cormack, Jane E Harding, M Atif Mohd Slim, Abigail F Weston, Jane M Alsweiler
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether changes to early nutrition are associated with levels of glycaemia in very preterm infants. METHODS: A retrospective, observational study of infants <1,500 grams or <30 weeks' gestation admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care, National Women's Hospital, NZ, before (Old Protocol) and after (New Protocol) a change in nutritional protocol. Nutritional intakes were calculated and averaged by day for postnatal days 1-7 (Week 1) and 1-28 (Month 1)...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Carrie L Cormack, Elizabeth Jensen, Catherine O Durham, Gigi Smith, Bonnie Dumas
BACKGROUND: The 360 Degree Evaluation Model is one means to provide a comprehensive view of clinical competency and readiness for progression in an online nursing program. OBJECTIVES: This pilot project aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of implementing a 360 Degree Evaluation of clinical competency of graduate advanced practice nursing students. DESIGN: The 360 Degree Evaluation, adapted from corporate industry, encompasses assessment of student knowledge, skills, behaviors and attitudes and validates student's progression from novice to competent...
February 5, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Machar Reid, Stuart J Cormack, Rob Duffield, Stephanie Kovalchik, Miguel Crespo, Babette Pluim, Danielle T Gescheit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
M G Gómez-Prieto, M R Míguez-Crespo, J R Jiménez-Del-Valle, M D González-Caro, I Marmesat-Ríos, J Garnacho-Montero
OBJECTIVE: To know organization, management and training in airway (AW) in Spanish Intensive Care Units (ICUs), with special interest in difficult airway (DAW). DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional study and χ2 subanalysis, conducted through a national survey from november 1th to december 15th, 2016. With the SEMICYUC's support, an online questionnaire of 27 items was sent to 179 ICUs. SETTING: ICUs of public, private centers, and consortia...
February 18, 2018: Medicina Intensiva
Donna Cormack, James Stanley, Ricci Harris
BACKGROUND: The complex ways in which experiences of discrimination are patterned in society, including the exposure of communities to multiple overlapping forms of discrimination within social systems of oppression, is increasingly recognised in the health sciences. However, research examining the impacts on health and contribution to racial/ethnic health inequities remains limited. This study aims to contribute to the field by exploring the prevalence and patterning of experience of multiple forms of discrimination in Aotearoa/New Zealand, and associations with health and wellbeing...
February 17, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
Harish Dharmarajan, Yi-Chun Carol Liu, Helena Karlberg Hippard, Binoy Chandy
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric otolaryngologists are frequently called to assist in difficult airway management in newborns with Pierre Robin Sequence (PRS) who have microretrognathia, glossoptosis, and an anterior larynx. The Bonfils fiberscope (BF) is a curved rigid scope designed to provide superior visualization in the anterior larynx. OBJECTIVE: (1) to assess whether BF provides an improvement in intubation success rate, time to intubation, or airway visualization as compared to rigid fiberscope (RF) in a difficult airway simulation setting and (2) to determine whether a training program for BF can improve time to intubation through practice trials...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Winchana Srivilaithon, Sombat Muengtaweepongsa, Yuwares Sittichanbuncha, Jayanton Patumanond
Background: The difficult intubation is associated with failure of emergency tracheal intubation. This study aimed to develop and validate a model for predicting difficult intubation in emergency department (ED). Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the ED. We collected data from all consecutive adult patients who underwent emergency tracheal intubation. Patients were excluded if they were intubated by low experience intubator. The difficult intubation was defined by grade III or IV of Cormack and Lehane classification...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Romualdo Del Buono, Lorenzo Sabatino, Federico Greco
Background: Direct laryngoscopy is the gold standard of the airway management in patients without predicted difficulties. If unpredicted difficulties are encountered instead, different algorithms to follow have been developed. To date, no single predictor is sufficiently valid. In clinical practice, it is used a combination of them to enhance the estimate, and despite the variety of parameters used, not all the difficult intubations are predicted. The aim of this work is to retrospectively analyze neck computed tomography scans of 37 patients who have had tracheal intubation and search for anatomic neck fat compartments that correlate with the intubation difficulty, and eventually find a suitable, clinical parameter that can potentially enhance the prediction of a difficult airway when used in combination of the preexisting scores...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
Hrishikesh Hazarika, Anudeep Saxena, Pradeep Meshram, Ajay Kumar Bhargava
Purpose: Several devices are available to take care of difficult airway, but C-MAC D-Blade has scant evidence of its use in nasotracheal intubation in a difficult airway scenario. Aims and Objectives: We compared the C-MAC D-Blade videolaryngoscope™ , and the standard Macintosh laryngoscope for nasal intubation in patients with difficult airways selected by El-Ganzouri risk index using parameters of time and attempts required for intubation, glottic view in terms of Cormack-Lehane grade, ease of intubation, success rate, use of accessory maneuvers, incidence of complications, and hemodynamic changes...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
Margaret A Kenna, Alexandria L Irace, Julie E Strychowsky, Kosuke Kawai, Devon Barrett, Juliana Manganella, Michael J Cunningham
Importance: Children with Klippel-Feil syndrome (KFS), characterized principally by abnormal fusion of 2 or more cervical vertebrae, may have many additional congenital anomalies. The overall prevalence of otolaryngologic manifestations among patients with KFS has not been previously characterized. Objective: To define the otolaryngologic diagnoses made and procedures performed in 95 patients with KFS, which, to our knowledge, is the largest series of this challenging patient population published to date...
January 25, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Andria Pelentritou, Levin Kuhlmann, John Cormack, Will Woods, Jamie Sleigh, David Liley
Anesthesia arguably provides one of the only systematic ways to study the neural correlates of global consciousness/unconsciousness. However to date most neuroimaging or neurophysiological investigations in humans have been confined to the study of γ-Amino-Butyric-Acid-(GABA)-receptor-agonist-based anesthetics, while the effects of dissociative N-Methyl-D-Aspartate-(NMDA)-receptor-antagonist-based anesthetics ketamine, nitrous oxide (N2O) and xenon (Xe) are largely unknown. This paper describes the methods underlying the simultaneous recording of magnetoencephalography (MEG) and electroencephalography (EEG) from healthy males during inhalation of the gaseous anesthetic agents N2O and Xe...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Ricci Harris, Donna Cormack, James Stanley, Elana Curtis, Rhys Jones, Cameron Lacey
BACKGROUND: Health professional racial/ethnic bias may impact on clinical decision-making and contribute to subsequent ethnic health inequities. However, limited research has been undertaken among medical students. This paper presents findings from the Bias and Decision-Making in Medicine (BDMM) study, which sought to examine ethnic bias (Māori (indigenous peoples) compared with New Zealand European) among medical students and associations with clinical decision-making. METHODS: All final year New Zealand (NZ) medical students in 2014 and 2015 (n = 888) were invited to participate in a cross-sectional online study...
January 23, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Zehra İpek Arslan, Mine Solak
Objective: Cricoid pressure is useful in fasted patients requiring emergency intubation. We compared the effect of cricoid pressure on laryngeal view during Macintosh, McGrath MAC X-Blade and GlideScope video laryngoscopy. Methods: After obtaining approval from the Human Research Ethics Committee and written informed consent from patients, we enrolled 120 patients (American Society of Anesthesiologists I-II, age 18-65 years) undergoing elective surgery that required endotracheal intubation in this prospective randomised study...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
Julia Gottwald, Sanne de Wit, Annemieke M Apergis-Schoute, Sharon Morein-Zamir, Muzaffer Kaser, Francesca Cormack, Akeem Sule, Winifred Limmer, Anna Conway Morris, Trevor W Robbins, Barbara J Sahakian
BACKGROUND: Youths with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) experience severe distress and impaired functioning at school and at home. Critical cognitive domains for daily functioning and academic success are learning, memory, cognitive flexibility and goal-directed behavioural control. Performance in these important domains among teenagers with OCD was therefore investigated in this study. METHODS: A total of 36 youths with OCD and 36 healthy comparison subjects completed two memory tasks: Pattern Recognition Memory (PRM) and Paired Associates Learning (PAL); as well as the Intra-Extra Dimensional Set Shift (IED) task to quantitatively gauge learning as well as cognitive flexibility...
January 22, 2018: Psychological Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"