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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219331/a-comparison-of-videolaryngoscopes-for-tracheal-intubation-in-predicted-difficult-airway-a-feasibility-study
#1
Maria Vargas, Antonio Pastore, Fulvio Aloj, John G Laffey, Giuseppe Servillo
BACKGROUND: Videolaryngoscopy has become increasingly attractive for the routine management of the difficult airway. Glidescope® is well studied in the literature while imago V-Blade® is a recent videolaryngoscope. This is a feasibility study with 1:1 case-control sequential allocation comparing Imago V-Blade ® and Glidescope® in predicted difficult airway settings. METHODS: Two senior anesthesiologists with no clinical experience in video assisted intubation but previously trained in a simulated scenario, performed the endotracheal intubations with Imago V-Blade® and Glidescope®...
February 20, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217398/comparison-of-intubation-success-and-glottic-visualization-using-king-vision-and-c-mac-videolaryngoscopes-in-patients-with-cervical-spine-injuries-with-cervical-immobilization-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Dhanyasi Shravanalakshmi, Prasanna U Bidkar, K Narmadalakshmi, Suman Lata, Sandeep K Mishra, S Adinarayanan
BACKGROUND: Glottic visualization can be difficult with cervical immobilization in patients with cervical spine injury. Indirect laryngoscopes may provide better glottic visualization in these groups of patients. Hence, we compared King Vision videolaryngoscope, C-MAC videolaryngoscope for endotracheal intubation in patients with proven/suspected cervical spine injury. METHODS: After standard induction of anesthesia, 135 patients were randomized into three groups: group C (conventional C-MAC videolaryngoscope), group K (King Vision videolaryngoscope), and group D (D blade C-MAC videolaryngoscope)...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212207/summaries-of-plenary-and-selected-symposia-sessions-at-the-xxiv-world-congress-of-psychiatric-genetics-jerusalem-israel-30-october-2016-3-november-2016
#3
Liliana G Ciobanu, Anil P S Ori, Luca Pagliaroli, Renato Polimanti, Leticia M Spindola, John B Vincent, Freida K Cormack
The XXII World Congress of Psychiatric Genetics, sponsored by the International Society of Psychiatric Genetics, took place in Jerusalem, Israel, from 30 October 2016 to 3 November 2016. A total of 372 participants gathered to discuss the latest findings in the field. The following report was written by early career investigator travel awardees, and student and postdoctoral attendees. Each was assigned one or more sessions as a rapporteur. This manuscript represents topics covered in most, but not all of the presentations during the conference, and contains some of the major notable new findings reported...
April 2017: Psychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195864/profound-hypopnea-with-xenon-anesthesia-in-a-free-diver
#4
LETTER
John R Cormack, Jarrod Gott, Sarah Kondogiannis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187213/a-comparison-of-the-airtraq%C3%A2-mcgrath%C3%A2-and-macintosh-laryngoscopes-for-difficult-paediatric-intubation-a-manikin-study
#5
Gen Owada, Takahiro Mihara, Gaku Inagawa, Ayako Asakura, Takahisa Goto, Koui Ka
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of devices for difficult intubation in paediatric patients, especially with a Cormack-Lehane grade 4 view, has yet to be established. We compared intubating parameters among three devices (the Airtraq®, McGrath®, and Macintosh laryngoscopes). METHODS: This study is a randomised cross-over trial. Participants were 20 anaesthetists. Each device was tested three times using a paediatric manikin with a Cormack-Lehane grade 4 view. The order to use each device was randomised by a computer-generated random sequence...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183567/evaluation-of-the-reliability-of-preoperative-descriptive-airway-assessment-tests-in-prediction-of-the-cormack-lehane-score-a-prospective-randomized-clinical-study
#6
Onur Selvi, Tugce Kahraman, Ozgur Senturk, Serkan Tulgar, Ercan Serifsoy, Zeliha Ozer
STUDY OBJECTIVE: In this study we investigated and compared the predictive values of different airway assessments tests including thyromental height measurement test, which has been recently suggested, in difficult laryngoscopy (Cormack and Lehane [C-L] scores 3 and 4). In addition, we compared the effectiveness of methods and C-L scores, by IDS, in terms of predicting difficult intubation. DESIGN: Prospective, blinded study. SETTING: Maltepe University...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183552/comparison-of-the-macintosh-and-airtraq-laryngoscopes-in-morbidly-obese-patients-a-randomized-and-prospective-study
#7
Caridad G Castillo-Monzón, Hugo A Marroquín-Valz, Miguel Fernández-Villacañas-Marín, Matilde Moreno-Cascales, Blas García-Rojo, César A Candia-Arana
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Morbid obesity is associated with a difficult management of the airway. There is no agreement on these patients being difficult to intubate, but if they are difficult to ventilate with facial mask, then the fast control of their airway becomes a priority. This study compares the quickness and success in tracheal intubation, glottic view, hemodynamic response, and complications from the use of the Macintosh and Airtraq laryngoscopes in morbidly obese patients for scheduled surgery...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183550/airway-management-for-glossopexy-in-infants-with-micrognathia-and-obstructive-breathing
#8
Yoshinari Morimoto, Aiko Ohyamaguchi, Mika Inoue, Chizuko Yokoe, Hiroshi Hanamoto, Uno Imaizumi, Mitsutaka Sugimura, Hitoshi Niwa
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To identify airway management and tracheal intubation techniques for glossopexy in infants with preexisting airway obstruction under general anesthesia. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational study. SETTINGS: Operating room of a university hospital between January 2003 and March 2015. All operations were performed by oral and maxillofacial surgeons. PATIENTS: Thirteen patients who received general anesthesia for glossopexy and reversal after 7 months...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174526/reconsolidation-extinction-interactions-in-fear-memory-attenuation-the-role-of-inter-trial-interval-variability
#9
Allison Auchter, Lawrence K Cormack, Yael Niv, Francisco Gonzalez-Lima, Marie H Monfils
Fear extinction typically results in the formation of a new inhibitory memory that suppresses the original conditioned response. Evidence also suggests that extinction training during a retrieval-induced labile period results in integration of the extinction memory into the original fear memory, rendering the fear memory less susceptible to reinstatement. Here we investigated the parameters by which the retrieval-extinction paradigm was most effective in memory updating. Specifically, we manipulated the inter-trial intervals (ITIs) between conditional stimulus (CS) presentations during extinction, examining how having interval lengths with different degrees of variability affected the strength of memory updating...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139512/shikani-optical-stylet-versus-macintosh-laryngoscope-for-intubation-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-cervical-spondylosis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Mao Xu, Xiao-Xi Li, Xiang-Yang Guo, Jun Wang
BACKGROUND: Airway management is critical in patients with cervical spondylosis, a population with a high incidence of difficult airway. Intubation with Shikani Optical Stylet (SOS) has become increasingly popular in difficult airway. We compared the effects of intubation with SOS versus Macintosh laryngoscope (MLS) in patients undergoing surgery for cervical spondylosis. METHODS: A total of 270 patients scheduled for elective surgery for cervical spondylosis of spinal cord and nerve root type from August 2012 to January 2016 were enrolled and randomly allocated to the MLS or SOS group by random numbers...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118495/negative-affect-associated-usv-acoustic-characteristics-predict-future-excessive-alcohol-drinking-and-alcohol-avoidance-in-male-p-and-np-rats
#11
J M Reno, N Thakore, L K Cormack, T Schallert, R L Bell, W T Maddox, C L Duvauchelle
BACKGROUND: Negative emotional status and adverse emotional events increase vulnerability to alcohol abuse. Ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) emitted by rats are a well-established model of emotional status that can reflect positive or negative affective responses in real-time. Most USV studies assess counts, yet each USV is a multidimensional data point characterized by several acoustic characteristics that may provide insight into the neurocircuitry underlying emotional response. METHODS: USVs emitted from selectively bred alcohol-naïve and alcohol-experienced alcohol-preferring and non-preferring rats (P and NP rats) were recorded during 4-hr sessions on alternating days over 4 weeks...
January 24, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098589/can-mandibular-condylar-mobility-sonography-measurements-predict-difficult-laryngoscopy
#12
Weidong Yao, Yumei Zhou, Bin Wang, Tao Yu, Zhongbing Shen, Hao Wu, Xiaoju Jin, Yuanhai Li
BACKGROUND: Limited mandibular condylar mobility plays an important role in difficult laryngoscopy. Indirect assessment methods, such as mouth opening, have been proven to be useful predictors of difficult laryngoscopy. Sonography is a new direct assessment method for the limited mandibular condylar mobility. However, whether this method could be used in predicting difficult laryngoscopy still remains unknown. This study aimed to observe its ability to predict difficult laryngoscopy. METHODS: Adult patients who were administered tracheal intubations for elective surgery under general anesthesia were enrolled in the study...
March 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098417/delivery-of-anesthesia-for-children-with-mucopolysaccharidosis-type-iii-sanfilippo-syndrome-a-review-of-86-anesthetics
#13
Marc A Cohen, Grant M Stuart
BACKGROUND: Sanfilippo syndrome (MPS III) is rare, with 97 cases in the United Kingdom between 1988 and 1998. Mucopolysaccharide infiltration of tissues in mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) causes multi-systemic pathology including difficult airways and cardiac disease. Published anesthesia case reviews of Sanfilippo syndrome have included limited numbers of patients to date. AIM: To identify the perioperative management and complications of anesthesia in children with mucopolysaccharidosis Type III at Great Ormond Street Hospital...
January 18, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097071/the-fishing-and-natural-mortality-of-large-piscivorous-bull-trout-and-rainbow-trout-in-kootenay-lake-british-columbia-2008-2013
#14
Joseph L Thorley, Greg F Andrusak
BACKGROUND: Estimates of fishing and natural mortality are important for understanding, and ultimately managing, commercial and recreational fisheries. High reward tags with fixed station acoustic telemetry provides a promising approach to monitoring mortality rates in large lake recreational fisheries. Kootenay Lake is a large lake which supports an important recreational fishery for large Bull Trout and Rainbow Trout. METHODS: Between 2008 and 2013, 88 large (≥500 mm) Bull Trout and 149 large (≥500 mm) Rainbow Trout were marked with an acoustic transmitter and/or high reward ($100) anchor tags in Kootenay Lake...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094479/retromolar-laryngoscopy-a-randomised-cross-over-vocal-cords-visualisation-study
#15
Christian Reiterer, Barbara Waltl, Barbara Kabon, Wolfgang Schramm
BACKGROUND: Vocal cords visualisation is a major determinant for successful tracheal intubation. The aim of our study was to compare vocal cord visualisation by using conventional direct laryngoscopy with retromolar direct laryngoscopy in patients with an existing retromolar gap at the right mandible. METHODS: We enrolled 100 adults needing endotracheal intubation for elective surgery. In each patient the vocal cords were visualised and scored according to Cormack & Lehane with a Macintosh blade #3 for conventional technique and with a Miller blade #4 for the retromolar technique in a randomised sequence...
January 17, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048473/we-de-201-11-sensitivity-and-specificity-of-verification-methods-based-on-total-reference-air-kerma-trak-or-on-user-provided-dose-points-for-graphically-planned-skin-hdr-brachytherapy
#16
A Damato, P Devlin, M Bhagwat, I Buzurovic, J Hansen, D O'Farrell, R Cormack
PURPOSE: To investigate the sensitivity and specificity of a novel verification methodology for image-guided skin HDR brachytherapy plans using a TRAK-based reasonableness test, compared to a typical manual verification methodology. METHODS: Two methodologies were used to flag treatment plans necessitating additional review due to a potential discrepancy of 3 mm between planned dose and clinical target in the skin. Manual verification was used to calculate the discrepancy between the average dose to points positioned at time of planning representative of the prescribed depth and the expected prescription dose...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047796/we-de-201-01-best-in-physics-therapy-a-fast-multi-target-inverse-treatment-planning-strategy-optimizing-dosimetric-measures-for-high-dose-rate-hdr-brachytherapy
#17
C Guthier, A Damato, A Viswanathan, J Hesser, R Cormack
PURPOSE: Inverse treatment planning (ITP) for interstitial HDR brachytherapy of gynecologic cancers seeks to maximize coverage of the clinical target volumes (tumor and vagina) while respecting dose-volume-histogram related dosimetric measures (DMs) for organs at risk (OARs). Commercially available ITP tools do not support DM-based planning because it is computationally too expensive to solve. In this study we present a novel approach that allows fast ITP for gynecologic cancers based on DMs for the first time...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047025/su-g-201-04-can-the-dynamic-library-of-flap-applicators-replace-treatment-planning-in-surface-brachytherapy
#18
I Buzurovic, P Devlin, J Hansen, D O'Farrell, M Bhagwat, S Friesen, A Damato, T Harris, R Cormack
PURPOSE: Contemporary brachytherapy treatment planning systems-(TPS) include the applicator model libraries to improve digitization; however, the library of surface-flap-applicators-(SFA) is not incorporated into the commercial TPS. We propose the dynamic library-(DL) for SFA and investigate if such library can eliminate applicator reconstruction, source activation and dose normalization. METHODS: DL was generated for the SFA using the C++class libraries of the Visualization Toolkit-(VTK) and Qt-application framework for complete abstraction of the graphical interface...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046887/we-fg-bra-02-docetaxel-eluting-brachytherapy-spacers-for-local-chemo-radiation-therapy-in-prostate-cancer
#19
J Belz, R Kumar, G Makrigiorgos, A D'Amico, P Nguyen, R Cormack, S Sridhar
PURPOSE: We propose an innovative combinatorial treatment strategy of Local ChemoRadiation Therapy (LCRT) using a sustained drug delivery platform in the form of a spacer to locally radio-sensitize the prostate with Docetaxel (DTX) enabling a synergistic cure with the use of lower radiation doses. These biodegradable spacers are physically similar to the inert spacers routinely used in prostate brachytherapy but are now loaded with formulations of DTX. METHODS: Spacers were loaded with ∼500µg Docetaxel (DTX) for prostate cancer studies...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046615/su-f-t-242-a-method-for-collision-avoidance-in-external-beam-radiation-therapy
#20
I Buzurovic, R Cormack
PURPOSE: We proposed a method for collision avoidance (CA) in external beam radiation therapy (EBRT). The method encompasses the analysis of all positions of the moving components of the beam delivery system such as the treatment table and gantry, including patient specific information obtained from the CT images. This method eliminates the need for time-consuming dry-runs prior to the actual treatments. METHODS: The QA procedure for EBRT requires that the collision should be checked prior to treatment...
June 2016: Medical Physics
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