keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cormack

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145308/comparison-of-the-pentax-airwayscope-and-mcgrath-mac-videolaryngoscope-for-endotracheal-intubation-in-patients-with-a-normal-airway
#1
Jiyoung Lee, Hyun Jeong Kwak, Ji Yeon Lee, Min Young Chang, Sook Young Lee, Jong Yeop Kim
Various videolaryngoscopes (VLs) have been developed to provide a better laryngeal view and facilitate difficult intubations. The goal of this study was to compare 2 VLs, the Pentax AWS and the McGrath VL, with respect to intubation time and ease of intubation.One hundred forty patients aged 19 to 65 years (American Society of Anesthesiologists classification I or II), who required tracheal intubation for elective surgery, were randomly assigned to 1 of the 2 groups: the Pentax AWS (n = 70) or the McGrath VL (n = 70)...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133349/the-role-of-calprotectin-in-withholding-zinc-and-copper-from-candida-albicans
#2
Angelique N Besold, Benjamin A Gilston, Jana N Radin, Christian Ramsoomair, Edward M Culbertson, Cissy X Li, Brendan P Cormack, Walter J Chazin, Thomas E Kehl-Fie, Valeria C Culotta
The opportunistic fungal pathogen Candida albicans acquires essential metals from the host, yet the host can sequester these micronutrients through a process known as nutritional immunity. How the host withholds metals from C. albicans was poorly understood and here we examine the role of calprotectin (CP), a transition metal binding protein. When CP depletes bioavailable Zn from the extracellular environment, C. albicans strongly upregulates ZRT1 and PRA1 for Zn import and maintains constant intracellular Zn through numerous cell divisions...
November 13, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127153/analysis-of-unsuccessful-intubations-in-neonates-using-videolaryngoscopy-recordings
#3
Joyce E O'Shea, Prakash Loganathan, Marta Thio, C Omar Farouk Kamlin, Peter G Davis
OBJECTIVES: Neonatal intubation is a difficult skill to learn and teach. If an attempt is unsuccessful, the intubator and instructor often cannot explain why. This study aims to review videolaryngoscopy recordings of unsuccessful intubations and explain the reasons why attempts were not successful. STUDY DESIGN: This is a descriptive study examining videolaryngoscopy recordings obtained from a randomised controlled trial that evaluated if neonatal intubation success rates of inexperienced trainees were superior if they used a videolaryngoscope compared with a laryngoscope...
November 10, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117475/comparison-of-cormack-lehane-grading-system-and-intubation-difficulty-score-in-patients-intubated-by-d-blade-video-and-direct-macintosh-laryngoscope-a-randomized-controlled-study
#4
Iva Pažur, Branka Maldini, Vedran Hostić, Ognjen Ožegić, Melanija Obraz
D-blade is a relatively new device in the field of videolaryngoscopy, designed for airway management by enabling indirectoscopic glottic view. In our study, we investigated efficiency of D-blade in comparison with direct Macintosh laryngoscope (gold standard). Fifty-two adult patients with normal airway scheduled for elective surgery in general anesthesia were randomly assigned in D-blade video or direct Macintosh group. In the first video group, patients were laryngo-scoped and intubated by D-blade, and in the second group laryngoscopy and intubation were performed by Macintosh laryngoscope...
December 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109635/correlation-between-preoperative-ultrasonographic-airway-assessment-and-laryngoscopic-view-in-adult-patients-a-prospective-study
#5
Aruna Parameswari, Mithila Govind, Mahesh Vakamudi
Background and Aims: Difficult tracheal intubation is associated with serious morbidity and mortality and cannot be always predicted based on preoperative airway assessment using conventional clinical predictors. Ultrasonographic airway assessment could be a useful adjunct, but at present, there are no well-defined sonographic criteria that can predict the possibility of encountering a difficult airway. The present study was conducted with the aim of finding some correlation between preoperative sonographic airway assessment parameters and the Cormack-Lehane (CL) grade at laryngoscopic view in adult patients...
July 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098448/incidence-of-airway-complications-in-patients-using-endotracheal-tubes-with-continuous-aspiration-of-subglottic-secretions
#6
Jordi Vallés, Susana Millán, Emili Díaz, Eva Castanyer, Xavier Gallardo, Ignacio Martín-Loeches, Marta Andreu, Mario Prenafeta, Paula Saludes, Jorge Lema, Montse Batlle, Néstor Bacelar, Antoni Artigas
BACKGROUND: Continuous aspiration of subglottic secretions is effective in preventing ventilator-associated pneumonia, but it involves a risk of mucosal damage. The main objective of our study was to determine the incidence of airway complications related to continuous aspiration of subglottic secretions. METHODS: In consecutive adult patients with continuous aspiration of subglottic secretions, we prospectively recorded clinical airway complications during the period after extubation...
November 2, 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094764/using-visible-implant-elastomer-to-study-ammocoete-populations-with-cormack-jolly-seber-models
#7
T M Evans
This study examined the efficacy of marking wild populations of lampreys with visible implant elastomer (VIE) for 6-18 months to examine ammocoete movements using Cormack-Jolly-Seber (CJS) open-population models. These methods were tested on two lamprey populations in different river systems. American brook lamprey Lethenteron appendix at Dyke Creek apparent survival (φ) was high in the summer and winter (c. 0·7), but declined after flow events in the spring and autumn. Sea lamprey Petromyzon marinus at Oquaga Creek φ in the top-ranked models varied with stream location and time...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076976/radiographic-predictors-of-difficult-laryngoscopy-in-acromegaly-patients
#8
Hyung-Chul Lee, Min-Kyung Kim, Yong Hwy Kim, Hee-Pyoung Park
BACKGROUND: Patients with acromegaly have a high risk of difficult laryngoscopy. However, clinical predictors, such as upper lip bite test or modified Mallampati class, show limited predictive performance for difficult laryngoscopy in such patients. In this retrospective study, we evaluated radiographic indices obtained from skull lateral x-ray and ostiomeatal unit computed tomography images to predict difficult laryngoscopy in acromegaly patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on demographics, preoperative serum levels of pituitary hormones, and radiographic indices were collected from 90 acromegaly patients that underwent transsphenoidal removal for pituitary tumor from January 2010 to December 2016...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059031/dolutegravir-induced-liver-injury-leading-to-sub-acute-liver-failure-requiring-transplantation-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#9
Bo Wang, Laura Abbott, Kate Childs, Chris Taylor, Kosh Agarwal, Ian Cormack, Rosa Miquel, Abid Suddle
A patient with human immunodeficiency virus-1 infection presented with sub-acute liver failure, temporally related to commencement of an antiretroviral therapy regimen containing dolutegravir (Triumeq). The patient was not a carrier of HLA-B5701, and abacavir hypersensitivity was unlikely. We believe this is the first report of severe dolutegravir-related hepatotoxicity resulting in sub-acute liver failure and transplantation and highlights a potential need for closer monitoring after drug initiation.
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045270/macroglossia-during-awake-craniotomy-a-near-miss
#10
John Cormack, Shravya Karna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017380/a-collective-effort-to-make-yourself-feel-better-the-group-process-in-mindfulness-based-interventions
#11
Dulcie Cormack, Fergal W Jones, Michael Maltby
There is growing interest in mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) in the management of multiple physical and mental health issues. Although MBIs utilize a group format, research on how this format impacts teaching and learning mindfulness is lacking. This study aimed to develop a detailed theory of MBI group processes utilizing a grounded theory methodology. This article presents our subsequent model, developed from semistructured interviews conducted with MBI students, teachers, and trainers ( N = 12). A core category, the group as a vessel on a shared journey, and three higher-order categories emerged from the data...
October 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976458/evaluation-of-the-c-mac-miller-video-laryngoscope-sizes-0-and-1-during-tracheal-intubation-of-infants-less-than-10-kg
#12
Florian J Raimann, Colleen E Cuca, Detlev Kern, Kai Zacharowski, Udo Rolle, Dirk Meininger, Christian F Weber, Christian Byhahn, Haitham Mutlak
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Video laryngoscopy has primarily been developed to assist in difficult airways. Using video laryngoscopy in pediatric airway management is an up-and-coming topic. The aim of the presented study was to compare the intubation conditions obtained when using the C-MAC video laryngoscope with Miller blades sizes 0 and 1 for standard direct laryngoscopy and indirect laryngoscopy in children weighing less than 10 kg. DESIGN: This was a prospective study...
October 2, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975073/usefulness-of-ultrasound-view-of-larynx-in-pre-anesthetic-airway-assessment-a-comparison-with-cormack-lehane-classification-during-direct-laryngoscopy
#13
Sussan Soltani Mohammadi, Alireza Saliminia, Nasim Nejatifard, Roxana Azma
BACKGROUND: One of the main challenges in anesthesiology is difficult intubation. There are many anatomical parameters for evaluating the feasibility of tracheal intubation; one that can reliably predict a difficult intubation is the Cormack-Lehane classification obtained during direct laryngoscopy. This is an invasive procedure that cannot be performed in an awake patient or for pre-anesthetic airway assessments in patients with no prior history of tracheal intubation. Recently, ultrasound has been successfully used for several airway-related applications...
December 2016: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954880/metformin-vs-sulfonylurea-use-and-risk-of-dementia-in-us-veterans-aged-%C3%A2-65-years-with-diabetes
#14
Ariela R Orkaby, Kelly Cho, Jean Cormack, David R Gagnon, Jane A Driver
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether metformin is associated with a lower incidence of dementia than sulfonylureas. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of US veterans ≥65 years of age with type 2 diabetes who were new users of metformin or a sulfonylurea and had no dementia. Follow-up began after 2 years of therapy. To account for confounding by indication, we developed a propensity score (PS) and used inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) methods...
October 31, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953308/et-view-compared-to-direct-laryngoscopy-in-patients-with-immobilized-cervical-spine-by-unexperienced-physicians-a-randomized-crossover-manikin-trial
#15
Katarzyna Karczewska, Lukasz Szarpak, Jacek Smereka, Marek Dabrowski, Jerzy Robert Ladny, Wojciech Wieczorek, Oliver Robak, Michael Frass, Sanchit Ahuja, Kurt Ruetzler
BACKGROUND: Immobilization of the cervical spine is indicated in all patients with the potential risk of any cervical spine injury. Airway management in these patients is challenging and direct laryngoscopy is the standard of care. Videolaryngoscopes like the ET-View were introduced into clinical practice to provide better airway visualization and ease intubation. The ET-View is essentially a conventional endotracheal tube, but is equipped with a miniature camera on the tip. The ET-View has not been investigated in patients with immobilized cervical spine so far...
September 27, 2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940354/videolaryngoscopy-vs-direct-laryngoscopy-use-by-experienced-anaesthetists-in-patients-with-known-difficult-airways-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
B M A Pieters, E H A Maas, J T A Knape, A A J van Zundert
Experienced anaesthetists can be confronted with difficult or failed tracheal intubations. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to ascertain if the literature indicated if videolaryngoscopy conferred an advantage when used by experienced anaesthetists managing patients with a known difficult airway. We searched PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase and the Cochrane central register of controlled trials up to 1 January 2017. Outcome parameters extracted from studies were: first-attempt success of tracheal intubation; time to successful intubation; number of intubation attempts; Cormack and Lehane grade; use of airway adjuncts (e...
December 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928584/a-randomized-study-comparing-the-sniffing-position-with-simple-head-extension-for-glottis-visualization-and-difficulty-in-intubation-during-direct-laryngoscopy
#17
Mehmooda Akhtar, Zulfiqar Ali, Nelofar Hassan, Saqib Mehdi, Gh Mohammad Wani, Aabid Hussain Mir
BACKGROUND: Proper positioning of the head and neck is important for an optimal laryngeal visualization. Traditionally, sniffing position (SP) is recommended to provide a superior glottic visualization, during direct laryngoscopy, enhancing the ease of intubation. Various studies in the last decade of this belief have challenged the need for sniffing position during intubation. We conducted a prospective study comparing the sniffing head position with simple head extension to study the laryngoscopic view and intubation difficulty during direct laryngoscopy...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921538/a-fast-inverse-treatment-planning-strategy-facilitating-optimized-catheter-selection-in-image-guided-high-dose-rate-interstitial-gynecologic-brachytherapy
#18
Christian V Guthier, Antonio L Damato, Juergen W Hesser, Akila N Viswanathan, Robert A Cormack
PURPOSE: Interstitial high-dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy is an important therapeutic strategy for the treatment of locally advanced gynecologic (GYN) cancers. The outcome of this therapy is determined by the quality of dose distribution achieved. This paper focuses on a novel yet simple heuristic for catheter selection for GYN HDR brachytherapy and their comparison against state of the art optimization strategies. The proposed technique is intended to act as a decision-supporting tool to select a favorable needle configuration...
September 18, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918615/predicting-difficult-laryngoscopy-and-intubation-with-laryngoscopic-exam-test-a-new-method
#19
Mahmood Akhlaghi, Mohammadreza Abedinzadeh, Ali Ahmadi, Zohre Heidari
Airway assessment is fundamental skill for anesthesiologists and failure to maintain a patient's airway is the tremendous cause of anesthesia-related morbidity and mortality. None of the tests which have recommended for predicting difficult intubation stands out to be the best clinical test or have high diagnostic accuracy. Our study aimed to determine the utility of a new test as "laryngoscopic exam test (LET)" in predicting difficult intubation. Three hundred and eleven patients aged 16-60 years participated and completed the study...
July 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893921/randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-effect-of-dietary-potassium-restriction-on-nerve-function-in-ckd
#20
Ria Arnold, Timothy J Pianta, Bruce A Pussell, Adrienne Kirby, Kate O'Brien, Karen Sullivan, Margaret Holyday, Christine Cormack, Matthew C Kiernan, Arun V Krishnan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Neuromuscular complications are almost universal in CKD by the time that a patient commences dialysis. Recent studies have indicated that chronic hyperkalemia may contribute to the development of neuropathy in CKD. This study was undertaken to determine whether dietary restriction of potassium intake may be a neuroprotective factor in CKD. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: A 24-month prospective, single-blind, randomized, controlled trial was undertaken in 47 consecutively recruited patients with stages 3 and 4 CKD...
October 6, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
keyword
keyword
20825
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"