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Vinuta V Patil, Bala H Subramanya, N Kiranchand, S Bala Bhaskar, Srinivasalu Dammur
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: C-MAC(®) video laryngoscope (VL) with Macintosh blade has been found to improve Cormack-Lehane (C-L) laryngoscopic view as well as intubating conditions for orotracheal intubation. However, studies done on the performance of C-MAC(®) VL for nasotracheal intubation (NTI) are very few in number. Hence, we compared laryngoscopy and intubating conditions between Macintosh direct laryngoscope and C-MAC(®) VL for NTI. METHODS: Sixty American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status I, II patients, aged 8-18 years, posted for tonsillectomy surgeries under general anaesthesia with NTI were randomised, into two groups...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Alon Vitenshtein, Yoav Charpak-Amikam, Rachel Yamin, Yoav Bauman, Batya Isaacson, Natan Stein, Orit Berhani, Liat Dassa, Moriya Gamliel, Chamutal Gur, Ariella Glasner, Carlos Gomez, Ronen Ben-Ami, Nir Osherov, Brendan P Cormack, Ofer Mandelboim
Natural killer (NK) cells form an important arm of the innate immune system and function to combat a wide range of invading pathogens, ranging from viruses to bacteria. However, the means by which NK cells accomplish recognition of pathogens with a limited repertoire of receptors remain largely unknown. In the current study, we describe the recognition of an emerging fungal pathogen, Candida glabrata, by the human NK cytotoxic receptor NKp46 and its mouse ortholog, NCR1. Using NCR1 knockout mice, we observed that this receptor-mediated recognition was crucial for controlling C...
October 12, 2016: Cell Host & Microbe
P D Karkos, M Stavrakas, K Markou
Transoral laser Assisted Microsurgical resection, Radiotherapy or Open partial laryngeal surgery are the management options for early glottic cancer. When endoscopic access is difficult(1-4) , radiotherapy or open surgery seems to be the other available options. The oncological safety of a Flexible Endoscopic Diode Laryngeal Laser Assisted Surgical (FEDLAS) Technique for patients with early glottic cancer and difficult laryngoscopy was tested in a preliminary pilot study. Patients with Grade three or more laryngoscopy(Cormack-Lehane classification)(5) and biopsy proven glottic cancer were included in the study...
October 11, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
J Ulrici, G Hempel, M Sasse, J Vollrath, C Höhne
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are increasing problems in pediatric anesthesia. This observational study was designed to examine how airway-related complications occur in overweight children and adolescents during general anesthesia and if this is a relevant problem in Germany. METHODS: From October 2008 until August 2009, at the university clinic in Leipzig, 504 in- and outpatients, aged 2-18 years, ASA I-III, undergoing elective procedures (ENT and pediatric surgery), were observed...
October 10, 2016: Der Anaesthesist
Linda P Cho, Matthias Manuel, Paul Catalano, Larissa Lee, Antonio L Damato, Robert A Cormack, Ivan Buzurovic, Mandar Bhagwat, Desmond O'Farrell, Phillip M Devlin, Akila N Viswanathan
OBJECTIVE: To determine prognostic factors for progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) for stage I-II cervical-cancer patients treated using computed-tomography (CT)-planned high-dose-rate (HDR) intracavitary brachytherapy (BT). METHODS: A total of 150 patients were treated for Stage I-II cervical cancer using CT-planned BT between 4/2004 and 10/2014. Of these, 128 were eligible for inclusion. Kaplan-Meier local control (LC), pelvic control (PC), overall survival (OS), and PFS estimates were calculated...
October 6, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Erena Wikaire, Elana Curtis, Donna Cormack, Yannan Jiang, Louise McMillan, Rob Loto, Papaarangi Reid
BACKGROUND: Tertiary institutions are struggling to ensure equitable academic outcomes for indigenous and ethnic minority students in health professional study. This demonstrates disadvantaging of ethnic minority student groups (whereby Indigenous and ethnic minority students consistently achieve academic outcomes at a lower level when compared to non-ethnic minority students) whilst privileging non-ethnic minority students and has important implications for health workforce and health equity priorities...
October 7, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Myungju Shin, Sun Joon Bai, Ki-Young Lee, Ein Oh, Hyun Joo Kim
We hypothesized that the McGRATH MAC would decrease the time of intubation compared to C-MAC for novices. Thirty-nine medical students who had used the Macintosh blade to intubate a manikin fewer than 3 times were recruited. The participants performed sequential intubations on the manikin in two simulated settings that included a normal airway and a difficult airway (tongue edema). The intubation time, success rate of intubation, Cormack-Lehane grade at laryngoscopy, and difficulty using the device were recorded...
2016: BioMed Research International
C V Guthier, A L Damato, A N Viswanathan, J Hesser, R A Cormack
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
C H Holdsworth, J Kukluk, M A Czerminska, C Hancox, C Molodowitch, R A Cormack, J H Killoran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
J Belz, N Castilla Ojo, R Kumar, R A Cormack, M Makrigiorgos, S Sridhar, A V D'Amico, P L Nguyen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
R A Cormack, P L Nguyen, A V D'Amico, S Sridhar, M Makrigiorgos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
P Baldwin, A L Van De Ven, N Seitzer, S Clohessy, R A Cormack, M Makrigiorgos, P P Pandolfi, S Sridhar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Ivan M Buzurovic, Jorgen L Hansen, Mandar S Bhagwat, Desmond A O'Farrell, Scott Friesen, Thomas C Harris, Antonio L Damato, Robert A Cormack, Neil E Martin, Phillip M Devlin
PURPOSE: In this study, we present the clinical implementation of a novel transoral balloon centering esophageal applicator (BCEA) and the initial clinical experience in high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy treatment of esophageal cancer, using this applicator. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Acceptance testing and commissioning of the BCEA were performed prior to clinical use. Full performance testing was conducted including measurements of the dimensions and the catheter diameter, evaluation of the inflatable balloon consistency, visibility of the radio-opaque markers, congruence of the markers, absolute and relative accuracy of the HDR source in the applicator using the radiochromic film and source position simulator, visibility and digitization of the applicator on the computed tomography (CT) images under the clinical conditions, and reproducibility of the offset...
August 2016: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
Mehmet Sargin, Mehmet Selcuk Uluer
OBJECTIVE: The McGrath Video laryngoscope is a newly developed video laryngoscope that significantly improves laryngeal view and facilitates endotracheal intubation in difficult airways. However in patients with normal airway that is not mentioned before. The aim of this study was to compare the McGrath video laryngoscope with the Macintosh laryngoscope in patients with normal airways. METHODS: A total of 100 patients requiring orotracheal intubation, were randomized to either having intubation with the McGrath video laryngoscope or the Macintosh laryngoscope...
July 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Caineng Wu, Jianqi Wei, Qingyun Cen, Xuefan Sha, Qingxiang Cai, Wuhua Ma, Ying Cao
A difficult airway may lead to hypoxia and brain damage. The WEI Nasal Jet Tube (WNJ) is a new nasal pharyngeal tube that applies supraglottic jet oxygenation and ventilation (SJOV) for patients during tracheal intubation without the need for mask ventilation. We evaluated the effectiveness and safety of SJOV-assisted fibre-optic bronchoscopy (FOB) using the WNJ in the management of difficult tracheal intubations. A total of 50 adult patients with Cormack-Lehane grade ≥3 and general anesthesia with tracheal intubation were randomly assigned to either the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) or WNJ groups...
September 14, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Pitsucha Sanguanwit, Thavinee Trainarongsakul, Noppanan Kaewsawang, Kittisak Sawanyawisuth, Yuwares Sitthichanbuncha
BACKGROUND: Difficult airway intubation is an emergency condition both at the emergency department (ED) and in out-of-hospital situations. Retrograde intubation (RI) is another option for difficult airway management. There are limited data regarding the successful rate of RI compared with direct laryngoscopy (DL) intubation, the commonly used method in the ED. METHODS: This study was a randomized, controlled trial. Participants were randomly assigned to either the RI or the DL technique to attempt intubation on a difficult airway mannequin (Cormack and Lehane grades 3-4)...
August 30, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Zeynep Baysal Yildirim, Mehmet Akdağ, Feyzi Çelik, Elif Baysal
BACKGROUND: In this study, the anaesthetic management of newborn and infant patients who underwent surgery for choanal atresia between 2009 and 2016 is discussed in the light of recently published literature. METHODS: The diagnoses, demographic data, anaesthetic risk and duration, additional anomalies, airway management, and complications that arose in 41 patients with choanal atresia who were operated on between 2009 and 2016 were evaluated retrospectively by examining their medical and anaesthesia records...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Carrie L Cormack, Kelli Garber, Kathryn Cristaldi, Barbara Edlund, Cindy Dodds, Liah McElligott
PURPOSE: This quality improvement project aimed to improve parental experiences with healthcare delivery and collaborative health care offered at a school serving children with medical complexity (CMC) by implementing telehealth services. METHODS: Parents of students at an urban public charter school for CMC were surveyed before and after telehealth was implemented at the school for two months, and again one year later, using the Measure of Processes of Care (MPOC-20)...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
Klaus Landwehr
Following Cormack and Cormack (Perception & Psychophysics, 16, 208-212, 1974), modified versions of Titchener's (Experimental Psychology, Vol. 1, Pt. 1, 1901) ⊥, in which the ⊥'s lines were tilted (Experiment 1), or tilted and dissected into two separate lines (Experiment 2), were used as stimuli. In Experiment 1, the overestimation of the length of the ⊥'s vertical, undivided line tended to decrease with its tilt relative to the horizontal, divided line. For ⊥s rotated 90° or 270°, the divided line was tilted, and the overestimation of the length of the now horizontal, undivided line vanished except for ⊥s with orthogonal lines...
September 7, 2016: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
Arthur E Stillman, Constantine Gatsonis, João A C Lima, William C Black, Jean Cormack, Ilana Gareen, Udo Hoffmann, Tao Liu, Kreton Mavromatis, Mitchell D Schnall, James E Udelson, Pamela K Woodard
RESCUE is a phase III, randomized, controlled, multicenter, comparative efficacy study, designed to compare two diagnostic imaging/treatment paradigms that use coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) or single photon emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion imaging (SPECT MPI) for assisting in the diagnosis of ischemic heart disease in patients with stable angina symptoms, and guiding subsequent treatment. The study is based on the hypothesis that CCTA as a diagnostic tool is associated with no increase in cardiac risk, decreased cost, and reduced radiation exposure compared with SPECT MPI...
September 2016: American Heart Journal
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