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Salivary gland stem cells

Stephen Keysar, Justin Eagles, Bettina Miller, Brian C Jackson, Farshad N Chowdhury, Julie Reisinger, Tugs-Saikhan Chimed, Phuong N Le, J Jason Morton, Hilary Somerset, Marileila Varella-Garcia, Aik-Choon Tan, John I Song, Daniel W Bowles, Mary E Reyland, Antonio Jimeno
PURPOSE: Salivary gland cancers (SGC) frequently present with distant metastases many years after diagnosis, suggesting a cancer stem cell (CSC) subpopulation that initiates late recurrences; however current models are limited both in their availability and suitability to characterize these rare cells. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Patient-derived xenografts (PDX) were generated by engrafting patient tissue onto nude mice from one acinic cell carcinoma (AciCC), four adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC), and three mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) cases, which were derived from successive relapses from the same MEC patient...
March 19, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Vahid Serpooshan, Sara Sheibani, Pooja Pushparaj, Michal Wojcik, Albert Y Jang, Michelle R Santoso, Joyce H Jang, Haina Huang, Reihaneh Safavi-Sohi, Niloofar Haghjoo, Hossein Nejadnik, Haniyeh Aghaverdi, Hojatollah Vali, Joseph Matthew Kinsella, John Presley, Ke Xu, Phillip Chung-Ming Yang, Morteza Mahmoudi
Cellular uptake of nanoparticles (NPs) depends on the nature of the nanobio system including the solid nanocomponents ( e. g., physicochemical properties of NPs), nanobio interfaces ( e. g., protein corona composition), and the cellular characteristics ( e. g., cell type). In this study, we document the role of sex in cellular uptake of NPs as an "overlooked" factor in nanobio interface investigations. We demonstrate that cell sex leads to differences in NP uptake between male and female human amniotic stem cells (hAMSCs), with greater uptake by female cells...
March 14, 2018: ACS Nano
Candace A Frerich, Kathryn J Brayer, Brandon M Painter, Huining Kang, Yoshitsugu Mitani, Adel K El-Naggar, Scott A Ness
The relative rarity of salivary gland adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) and its slow growing yet aggressive nature has complicated the development of molecular markers for patient stratification. To analyze molecular differences linked to the protracted disease course of ACC and metastases that form 5 or more years after diagnosis, detailed RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) analysis was performed on 68 ACC tumor samples, starting with archived, formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) samples up to 25 years old, so that clinical outcomes were available...
January 26, 2018: Oncotarget
Zhifa Wang, Hongyan Xing, Hanqing Hu, Taiqiang Dai, Yan Wang, Zhijin Li, Ran An, Haiyan Xu, Yanpu Liu, Bin Liu
The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) combined with heterologous platelet-rich fibrin extract (PRFe) on irradiation-induced salivary gland (SG) damage. ADSCs were isolated from C3H mice, whereas PRFe was obtained from New Zealand rabbits. Twelve weeks post irradiation, the ADSCs or PRFe or their combination were transplanted into the submandibular glands of C3H mice with irradiation-induced damage. The salivary flow rate (SFR) was determined and histopathological analysis was performed at 12 weeks post transplantation...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Vivian P Wagner, Manoela D Martins, Marco A T Martins, Luciana O Almeida, Kristy A Warner, Jacques E Nör, Cristiane H Squarize, Rogerio M Castilho
Malignancies from the salivary glands are rare and represent 11% of all cancers from the oropharyngeal anatomical area. Mucoepidermoid Carcinomas (MEC) is the most common malignancy from the salivary glands. Low survival rates of high-grade Mucoepidermoid Carcinomas (MEC) are particularly associated with the presence of positive lymph nodes, extracapsular lymph node spread, and perineural invasion. Most recently, the presence of cancer stem cells (CSC), and the activation of the NFκB signaling pathway have been suggested as cues for an acquired resistance phenotype...
February 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
Soussan Irani, Arash Dehghan
Objectives: Mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) accounts for 35% of all malignant salivary gland tumors. Previous investigations have shown that vasculogenic mimicry (VM) exists in many cancers which can be used as a prognostic factor of poor prognosis. Elevated expression level of vascular endothelial (VE)-cadherin has been implicated in cancer neovascularization, growth, and progression. The current study aimed to study the presence of VE-cadherin in VM channels and tumor cells in different grades of MEC...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Tomohiro Yamakawa, Hiroyuki Ohigashi, Daigo Hashimoto, Eiko Hayase, Shuichiro Takahashi, Miyono Miyazaki, Kenjiro Minomi, Masahiro Onozawa, Yoshiro Niitsu, Takanori Teshima
Chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (SCT) is characterized by multiple-organ fibrosis, profoundly affects quality of life of transplant survivors. Heat shock protein 47 (HSP47), a collagen specific molecular chaperone, plays a critical role in collagen synthesis in myofibroblasts. We explored the role of HSP47 in fibrotic process of cutaneous chronic GVHD in mice. Immunohistochemical analysis showed massive fibrosis with elevated amount of collagen deposit and accumulation of F4/80+ macrophages as well as myofibroblasts expressing HSP47 and retinol binding protein 1 in the skin after allogeneic SCT...
January 23, 2018: Blood
Elaine Emmerson, Alison J May, Lionel Berthoin, Noel Cruz-Pacheco, Sara Nathan, Aaron J Mattingly, Jolie L Chang, William R Ryan, Aaron D Tward, Sarah M Knox
Salivary gland acinar cells are routinely destroyed during radiation treatment for head and neck cancer that results in a lifetime of hyposalivation and co-morbidities. A potential regenerative strategy for replacing injured tissue is the reactivation of endogenous stem cells by targeted therapeutics. However, the identity of these cells, whether they are capable of regenerating the tissue, and the mechanisms by which they are regulated are unknown. Using in vivo and ex vivo models, in combination with genetic lineage tracing and human tissue, we discover a SOX2+ stem cell population essential to acinar cell maintenance that is capable of replenishing acini after radiation...
January 15, 2018: EMBO Molecular Medicine
Qiao Shi, Yu-Pu Hong, Xiao-Yi Zhang, Jing Tao, Chen-Yang Wang, Liang Zhao, Fang-Chao Mei, Yun-Dong You, He Xia, Xing-Cheng Xiong, Gui-Rong Wang, Wei-Xing Wang
Clinical studies have revealed that some patients will develop glucose tolerance dysfunction after recovering from acute pancreatitis (AP), which indicated the importance of investigating the potential therapies for restoration of islet β cell function. Cytokeratin 5 (Krt5)-positive cells are considered to function as stem or progenitor cells in the regeneration of lung and salivary gland following injury. In the present study, AP was induced by six hourly intraperitoneal injections of 100 μg/kg cerulein for 4 consecutive days in adult mice, in order to determine the role of Krt5-positive cells in pancreatic regeneration, especially in the restoration of β cell function and the underlying mechanisms...
January 4, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Kana Ishibashi, Kotaro Ishii, Goro Sugiyama, Tomoki Sumida, Tsuyoshi Sugiura, Y U Kamata, Katsuhiro Seki, Takahiro Fujinaga, Wataru Kumamaru, Yosuke Kobayashi, Naomi Hiyake, Hiroyuki Nakano, Tomohiro Yamada, Yoshihide Mori
BACKGROUND/AIM: Adenoid cystic carcinoma (AdCC) is a malignant tumor that occurs in the salivary glands and frequently metastasizes. The aim of this study was to identify factors mediating AdCC metastasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We established three AdCC cell lines by orthotropic transplantation and in vivo selection: parental, highly metastatic (ACCS-M-GFP), and lymph node metastatic (ACCS-LN-GFP) cells. RESULTS: We examined the three cell lines...
January 2018: Anticancer Research
Zienab Gouda, Mohamed Khalifa, Sally Shalaby, Samia Hussein
To reveal the effect of human umbilical cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUCB-MSCs) on the submandibular gland after bilateral ovariectomy, 21 adult Sprague-Dawley female rats were divided equally into three groups: sham-operated group (SHAM), ovariectomized group (OVX) and OVX received repeated intravenous injection of hUCB-MSCs group (OVX + hUCB-MSCs). RT-PCR for AQP3, AQP4, AQP5 and BMP6 gene expression was determined. The cellular localization and expression of anti-human CD105 anti-human CD34, anti-proliferating nuclear antigen (PCNA), anti-single stranded DNA(ssDNA), anti-Caspase 3, anti-aquaporin 1(AQP1) and anti-α smooth muscle actin(α-SMA) were determined immunohistochemically...
October 16, 2017: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
Chen Zhang, Yan Li, Xiang-Yu Zhang, Lei Liu, Hai-Zhou Tong, Ting-Lu Han, Wan-di Li, Xiao-Lei Jin, Ning-Bei Yin, Tao Song, Hai-Dong Li, Juan Zhi, Zhen-Min Zhao, Lin Lu
Liver disease is a serious problem affecting millions of people with continually increasing prevalence. Stem cell therapy has become a promising treatment for liver dysfunction. We previously reported on human minor salivary gland mesenchymal stem cells (hMSGMSCs), which are highly self-renewable with multi-potent differentiation capability. In this study, keratinocyte-like cells with self-regeneration and hepatic differentiation potential were isolated and characterized, and named human minor salivary gland epithelial progenitor cells (hMSG-EpiPCs)...
October 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
Helen E Farrell, Kimberley Bruce, Clara Lawler, Martha Oliveira, Rhonda Cardin, Nicholas Davis-Poynter, Philip G Stevenson
Herpesviruses have coevolved with their hosts over hundreds of millions of years and exploit fundamental features of their biology. Cytomegaloviruses (CMVs) colonize blood-borne myeloid cells, and it has been hypothesized that systemic dissemination arises from infected stem cells in bone marrow. However, poor CMV transfer by stem cell transplantation argues against this being the main reservoir. To identify alternative pathways for CMV spread, we tracked murine CMV (MCMV) colonization after mucosal entry. We show that following intranasal MCMV infection, lung CD11c(+) dendritic cells (DC) migrated sequentially to lymph nodes (LN), blood, and then salivary glands...
October 3, 2017: MBio
Güleser Saylam, Ömer Bayır, Salih Sinan Gültekin, Ferda Alparslan Pınarlı, Ünsal Han, Mehmet Hakan Korkmaz, Mehmet Eser Sancaktar, İlkan Tatar, Mustafa Fevzi Sargon, Emel Çadallı Tatar
BACKGROUND: To analyze protective/regenerative effects of adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSC) on (131)I-Radioiodine (RAI)-induced salivary gland damage in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study population consisted of controls (n:6) and study groups (n:54): RAI (Group 1), ADMSC (Group 2), amifostine (Group 3), RAI+amifostine (Group 4), concomitant RAI+ADMSC (Group 5) and RAI+ADMSC after 48 h (Group 6). We used light microscopy (LM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and salivary gland scintigraphy (SGS), and analyzed data statistically...
September 2017: Radiology and Oncology
Reza Tabatabaei Qomi, Mohsen Sheykhhasan
The application of appropriate cell origin for utilizing in regenerative medicine is the major issue. Various kinds of stem cells have been used for the tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Such as, several stromal cells have been employed as treat option for regenerative medicine. For example, human bone marrow-derived stromal cells and adipose-derived stromal cells (ADSCs) are used in cell-based therapy. Data relating to the stem cell therapy and processes associated with ADSC has developed remarkably in the past 10 years...
August 26, 2017: World Journal of Stem Cells
Eman Hany, Mohammed A Sobh, Mazen T Abou ElKhier, Heba M ElSabaa, Ahmed R Zaher
Background and Objectives: Cisplatin is a powerful antitumor chemotherapeutic agent that is widely used in the treatment of many cancers but it has many side effects on many organs including salivary glands. Bone marrow is considered to be a rich environment that comprises many types of stem cells of which BMSCs (Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells) are the most studied with potentiality to differentiate into many cell types. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of different routes of injection of BMSCs on parotid glands of rats receiving cisplatin...
November 30, 2017: International Journal of Stem Cells
Bruno Tavares Sedassari, Maria Fernanda Setúbal Destro Rodrigues, Thalita Santana Conceição, Fernanda Viviane Mariano, Venâncio Avancini Ferreira Alves, Fábio Daumas Nunes, Albina Altemani, Suzana Cantanhede Orsini Machado de Sousa
SOX2 is a regulatory factor of embryonic stem cells that has been implicated in carcinogenesis and cancer progression. We aimed to investigate the potential role of SOX2 in the stepwise progression from pleomorphic adenoma (PA) to invasive carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (CXPA), evaluating its prognostic significance as well. Thirty PAs without malignant transformation and 25 CXPAs presenting both luminal or myoepithelial differentiation (7 intracapsular and 18 extracapsular) were evaluated immunohistochemically for SOX2 expression...
December 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
Masahiro Sato, Issei Saitoh, Tomoya Murakami, Naoko Kubota, Shingo Nakamura, Satoshi Watanabe, Emi Inada
In vivo inoculation of cells such as tumor cells and induced pluripotent stem (iPS)/embryonic stem (ES) cells into immunocompromised mice has been considered as a powerful technique to evaluate their potential to proliferate or differentiate into various cell types originating from three germ cell layers. Subcutaneous grafting and grafting under the kidney capsule have been widely used for this purpose, but there are some demerits such as the requirement of a large number of tumor cells for inoculation and frequent failure of tumorigenesis...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Tugba Ozdemir, Padma Pradeepa Srinivasan, Daniel R Zakheim, Daniel A Harrington, Robert L Witt, Mary C Farach-Carson, Xinqiao Jia, Swati Pradhan-Bhatt
Myoepithelial cells are flat, stellate cells present in exocrine tissues including the salivary glands. While myoepithelial cells have been studied extensively in mammary and lacrimal gland tissues, less is known of the function of myoepithelial cells derived from human salivary glands. Several groups have isolated tumorigenic myoepithelial cells from cancer specimens, however, only one report has demonstrated isolation of normal human salivary myoepithelial cells needed for use in salivary gland tissue engineering applications...
October 2017: Biomaterials
Noura Abd El-Latif, Mohamed Abdulrahman, Mohamad Helal, Mohammed E Grawish
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the possible regenerative effect of allogenic gingival margin-derived stem cells (GMSCs) with or without autologous fibrin glue on partially dissected submandibular salivary glands of albino rats. METHODS: Forty rats were randomly divided into four equal groups. Group I, where no operation was performed, was considered the negative control. Group II rats were considered the positive control and were subjected to a rectangular cut on the outer surface of the center right of the submandibular salivary gland and received no other treatment...
October 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
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