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Jorge Retamal-Salgado, Juan Hirzel, Ingrid Walter, Iván Matus
There is a worldwide increase of heavy metal or potentially toxic element (PTE), contamination in agricultural soils caused mainly by human and industrial action, which leads to food contamination in crops such as in maize. Cadmium (Cd) is a PTE often found in soils and it is ingested through food. It is necessary to determine the bioabsorption, distribution, and accumulation levels in maize to reduce or prevent food chain contamination. Cadmium absorption and accumulation in three maize cultivars were evaluated in three agricultural environments in Chile by increasing CdCl₂ rates (0, 1, and 2 mg·kg(-1))...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Meiqiu Dong, Kai Miao, Yi Hu, Juntian Wu, Jinxing Li, Peng Pang, Xinrui Miao, Wenli Deng
Two-dimensional supramolecular assemblies of a series of 2,7-bis(10-n-alkoxycarbonyl-decyloxy)-9-fluorenone derivatives (BAF-Cn, n = 1, 3-6) consisting of polar fluorenone moieties and ester alkoxy chains were investigated by scanning tunneling microscopy on highly oriented pyrolytic graphite surfaces. The chain-length effect was observed in the self-assembly of BAF-Cn. Self-assembly of BAF-C1 was composed of a linear I pattern, where the side chains adopted a fully interdigitated arrangement. As the length of side chains increased, the coexistence of a linear I pattern and a cyclic pattern for the self-assembly of BAF-C3 was observed...
November 15, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Jordan E Otto, Cigall Kadoch
In this issue of Cancer Cell, Sun et al. describe context-dependent oncogenic and tumor-suppressive functions for the mammalian SWI/SNF (BAF) complex subunit ARID1A in the development and progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
November 13, 2017: Cancer Cell
Yanbei Zhu, Kazumi Nakano, Yasuyuki Shikamori
The analysis of fluorine was carried out by measuring BaF(+) ions with an inductively coupled plasma tandem quadrupole mass spectrometer (ICP-QMS/QMS). After optimization, a radio frequency power of 1300 W was found to benefit for the production of BaF(+) ions while suppressing the production of BaOH3(+) ions. After optimization of the reaction cell gas, it was found that the best performance for measuring BaF(+) could be achieved at a flow rate of O2 in the range from 0.65 to 0.75 mL min(-1). The signal intensity of BaF(+) depended linearly on the concentration of Ba when it was not higher than 100 mg kg(-1)...
2017: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
Frank J Dirrigl, Zachariah Badaoui, Carlos Tamez, Christopher J Vitek, Jason G Parsons
Our study evaluated heavy metal concentrations in soft tissues of sea hare, Aplysia fasciata, from the Lower Laguna Madre, Texas. Heavy metals in tissues followed Se>As>Pb>Cd. Concentrations ranged As (BDL-28.08), Cd (BDL-5.50), Pb (BDL-12.85) and Se (4.25-93.43ppm). Median As, Cd, Pb, and Se tissue levels exceeded exposure levels. Significant relationships occurred in metal-metal (AsCd, AsPb, CdPb, CdSe, and PbSe), metal-tissue (significant Se uptake by inhalant and exhalant siphons and As in the hepatopancreas), and metal-metal within tissue (AsPb in the hepatopancreas and CdPb in the digestive cecum) analyses (p<0...
October 27, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Xin Xie, Bader Almuzzaini, Nizar Drou, Stephan Kremb, Ayman Yousif, Ann-Kristin Östlund Farrants, Kristin Gunsalus, Piergiorgio Percipalle
During differentiation and development, cell fate and identity are established by waves of genetic reprogramming. Although the mechanisms are largely unknown, during these events, dynamic chromatin reorganization is likely to ensure that multiple genes involved in the same cellular functions are coregulated, depending on the nuclear environment. In this study, using high-content screening of embryonic fibroblasts from a β-actin knockout (KO) mouse, we found major chromatin rearrangements and changes in histone modifications, such as methylated histone (H)3-lysine-(K)9...
November 3, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Wei Wang, Guo-Dong Yao, Xin-Yue Shang, Ji-Chao Gao, Yan Zhang, Shao-Jiang Song
Oxidative stress has been proposed to contribute to DNA damage and is involved in many neurodegenerative diseases. It has been reported that Aralia elata (Miq.) Seem. (A. elata) exhibits an anti-oxidative effect but the mechanisms underlying this protective effect are still unclear. In this study, six known triterpene saponins were isolated from the buds of A. elata, a well-known medicinal and edible plant in Northeast China. Subsequently, the anti-oxidative effects of all six triterpene saponins were screened by H2O2-induced damage in human neuronblastoma SH-SY5Y cells...
October 25, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Julieta Griboff, Micha Horacek, Daniel A Wunderlin, Magdalena V Monferran
The concentration of metals (Al, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Ag, Cd, Hg, Pb, U), As and Se in different ecosystem components (water, sediment, plankton, shrimp, and fish muscle) has been determined in a eutrophic reservoir in the Province of Córdoba (Argentina). Los Molinos Lake (LML) was sampled during the dry (DS) and wet seasons (WS) in order to examine the bioaccumulation and transfer of these inorganic elements through the food web. Stable nitrogen isotope (δ(15)N) was used to investigate trophic interactions...
October 24, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Sumei Yu, Chunying Teng, Jinsong Liang, Tao Song, Liying Dong, Xin Bai, Yu Jin, Juanjuan Qu
In this study, an antagonistic bacterium against Fusarium oxysporum was identified and designated as Pseudomonas syringae strain BAF.1 on the basis of 16S rDNA sequence analysis and physiological-biochemical characteristics. It produced catechol-species siderophore at a molecular weight of 488.59 Da and a maximum amount of 55.27 μg/ml with glucose as a carbon source and asparagine as a nitrogen source at a C/N ratio of 10:1, 30°C and pH 7. The siderophore exhibited prominent antagonistic activity against Fusarium oxysporum with a maximum inhibition rate of 95...
November 2017: Journal of Microbiology / the Microbiological Society of Korea
Bo Zhu, Atsushi Ueda, Xiaohong Song, Shin-Ichi Horike, Takashi Yokota, Tadayuki Akagi
The human Baf (Brg1/Brm associated factor) complex, also known as the mammalian SWI/SNF chromatin-remodeling complex, is involved in a variety of cellular processes. The pluripotency and self-renewal abilities are major characteristics of embryonic stem (ES) cells and are regulated by the ES cell-specific BAF (esBAF) complex. Baf53a is one of the subunits of the esBAF complex. Here, we found that Baf53a was expressed in undifferentiated ES cells and that it interacted with Oct3/4. Analyses of tetracycline-inducible Baf53a conditional knockout ES cells revealed that the undifferentiated markers, including Nanog and Oct3/4, were expressed in Baf53a-deficient ES cells; however, growth of the cells was repressed, and expression of p53, p21, and cleaved Caspase 3 was increased...
October 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
Li Yao, Jian-Liang Zhao, You-Sheng Liu, Qian-Qian Zhang, Yu-Xia Jiang, Shan Liu, Wang-Rong Liu, Yuan-Yuan Yang, Guang-Guo Ying
Personal care products (PCPs) are widely applied in our daily life, however, little is known about their occurrence in wild fish. We investigated the bioaccumulation and potential risks of 24 PCPs in muscle and liver tissues of wild fish collected from two large rivers of Pearl and Yangtze Rivers in China. The results showed the detection of a total of 13 PCPs including 9 biocides, 2 synthetic musks and 2 benzotriazoles in at least one type of fish tissue from 12 fish species. The compounds with high detection frequencies (>50%) in fish muscle or liver tissues were N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide, carbendazim, climbazole, miconazole (MCZ), methylparaben, propylparaben, triclosan (TCS), tonalide, galaxolide (HHCB) and 5-methyl-1H-benzotriazole (5-TT)...
October 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
James H Lindsay, Alan J Kennedy, Jennifer M Seiter-Moser, Anthony J Bednar, Robert E Boyd, David R Johnson, Paul Allison, Ryan V Tappero
This investigation builds on previous studies on military relevant tungsten (W) to more thoroughly explore environmental pathways, bioaccumulation kinetics during direct soil exposure versus trophic transfer and elucidate its relative accumulation and speciation in different snail organs. The modeled steady state concentration and bioaccumulation factor (BAF) of W from soil into cabbage were 302 mg/kg and 0.55, respectively. Steady state concentrations (34 mg/kg) and BAF values (0.05) obtained for the snail directly exposed to contaminated soil were lower than trophic transfer by consumption of W-contaminated cabbage (tissue concentration of 86 mg/kg; BAF of 0...
October 20, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
Wei Liu, Jingwen Li, Lichen Gao, Zhou Zhang, Jing Zhao, Xin He, Xin Zhang
Chlorinated polyfluorinated ether sulfonate (Cl-PFESA) is a novel alternative compound for perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), with its environmental risk not well known. The bioaccumulation and toxic effects of Cl-PFESA in the freshwater alga is crucial for the understanding of its potential hazards to the aquatic environment. Scenedesmus obliquus was exposed to Cl-PFESA at ng L(-1) to mg L(-1), with the exposure regime beginning at the environmentally relevant level. The total log BAF of Cl-PFESA in S. obliquus was 4...
October 16, 2017: Environmental Pollution
Samuel E Jones, Emmy D G Fleuren, Jessica Frankum, Asha Konde, Chris T Williamson, Dragomir B Krastev, Helen N Pemberton, James Campbell, Aditi Gulati, Richard Elliott, Malini Menon, Joanna L Selfe, Rachel Brough, Stephen J Pettitt, Wojciech Niedzwiedz, Winette T A van der Graaf, Janet Shipley, Alan Ashworth, Christopher J Lord
Synovial sarcoma (SS) is an aggressive soft-tissue malignancy characterised by expression of SS18-SSX fusions, where treatment options are limited. To identify therapeutically actionable genetic dependencies in SS, we performed a series of parallel, high-throughput small interfering RNA (siRNA) screens and compared genetic dependencies in SS tumor cells to those in >130 non-SS tumour cell lines. This approach revealed a reliance of SS tumor cells upon the DNA damage response serine/threonine protein kinase ATR...
October 16, 2017: Cancer Research
Alexander Kofi Anning, Ruth Akoto
Chemically assisted phytoremediation is fast gaining attention as a biotechnology to accelerate heavy metal removal from contaminated substrates, but how different chemical amendments affect the process remains an important research question. Here, bioaccumulation factor (BAF), translocation factor (TF), removal efficiency (RE) and uptake of Hg, As, Pb, Cu and Zn by cattail (Typha latifolia) and vetiver (Chrysopogon zizanioides) were quantified in a potted experiment to determine the effects of amendments on the phytoremediation success...
October 12, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Ronggui Tang, Changfeng Ding, Yibing Ma, Junsong Wang, Taolin Zhang, Xingxiang Wang
To characterize the potential toxicity of low Pb- and Cd-contaminated arable soils, earthworms were exposed to Pb contaminated ferrosol, cambosol or Cd contaminated ferrosol for two weeks. Polar metabolites of earthworms were detected by nuclear magnetic resonance. Data were then analyzed with principal component analysis followed by orthogonal signal correction-partial least squares-discriminant analysis and univariate analysis to determine possible mechanisms for the changes in metabolites. The survival rates, metal concentrations and bioaccumulation factor (BAF) of the earthworms were also measured and calculated as auxiliary data...
October 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
Tatjana Čėsnienė, Violeta Kleizaitė, Skaistė Bondzinskaitė, Ričardas Taraškevičius, Donatas Žvingila, Raimondas Šiukšta, Vytautas Rančelis
Soil mutagens, particularly metals, may persist long after the source of pollution has been removed, representing a hazard to plants, animals, and humans in or near contaminated areas. Often, due to urban growth, previous land uses may be forgotten and hazards overlooked. We exposed Tradescantia clone #4430 plants to soil from two industrial areas (with different former uses) and two urban waste landfills in the city of Vilnius, all of which were long disused. Two modes of exposure were used: long-term exposure of growing plants in test soils for 0...
November 2017: Mutation Research
Leandro de Araújo Lima, Kai Wang
BACKGROUND: The use of high-throughput sequencing data has improved the results of genomic analysis due to the resolution of mapping algorithms. Although several tools for copy-number variation calling in whole genome sequencing have been published, the noisy nature of sequencing data is still a limitation for accuracy and concordance among such tools. To assess the performance of PennCNV original algorithm for array data in whole genome sequencing data, we processed mapping (BAM) files to extract coverage, representing log R ratio (LRR) of signal intensity, and B allele frequency (BAF)...
October 3, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
Alessandro Mantovani, Alessandro Invernizzi, Giovanni Staurenghi, Carl P Herbort
PURPOSE: To describe multiple evanescent white dot syndrome (MEWDS)-related foveal granularity features on different imaging modalities. METHODS: Clinical and multi-imaging files from five patients affected by MEWDS were reviewed. Each image set included: blue fundus autofluorescence (BAF), near-infrared fundus autofluorescence (NIR-FAF), spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), fluorescein (FA), and indocyanine green (ICGA) angiography. Foveal granularity features were analyzed and described for each technique at baseline and follow-up...
October 5, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Aikelaimu Aihemaiti, Jianguo Jiang, De'an Li, Tianran Li, Wenjie Zhang, Xutong Ding
Vanadium (V) has been extensively mined in China and caused soil pollution in mining area. It has toxic effects on plants, animals and humans, posing potential health risks to communities that farm and graze cattle adjacent to the mining area. To evaluate in situ phytoremediation potentials of native plants, V, chromium, copper and zinc concentrations in roots and shoots were measured and the bioaccumulation (BAF) and translocation (TF) efficiencies were calculated. The results showed that Setaria viridis accumulated greater than 1000 mg kg(-1) V in its shoots and exhibited TF > 1 for V, Cr, Zn and BAF > 1 for Cu...
September 29, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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