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Tracheoesophageal fistula

Yuetian Yu, Cheng Zhu, Xiaozhe Qian, Yuan Gao
Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) is commonly seen in immunocompromised patients, and tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) induced by IPA is rare and seldom reported. Management of these critically ill patients is challenging and often requires a multidisciplinary approach. The authors reported an adult suffering from aplastic anemia who developed TEF caused by IPA. The diagnosis was confirmed following bronchoscopy and histopathological examination. Antifungal and bronchoscopic intervention provided a cure without any recurrence as yet...
September 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
Sigrid Bairdain, David Zurakowski, Sara O Vargas, Nicole Stenquist, Molly McDonald, Meghan C Towne, David T Miller, Russell W Jennings, David B Kantor, Pankaj B Agrawal
BACKGROUND: Long-gap esophageal atresia (LGEA) may have clinical and syndromic presentations different from those of esophageal atresia (EA) that affects shorter segments of the esophagus (non-LGEA). This may suggest unique underlying developmental mechanisms. OBJECTIVES: We sought to characterize clinical differences between LGEA and non-LGEA by carefully phenotyping a cohort of EA patients, and furthermore to assess molecular genetic findings in a subset of them...
October 19, 2016: Neonatology
A Gombert, J Grommes, G Schick, M Binnebösel, C Klink, M J Jacobs, D Kotelis
OBJECTIVE: Aortoesophageal fistulas are rare and life-threatening conditions. Till now, an association between an aortoesophageal fistula and sarcoidoisis has not been reported yet. The aim of this report is to demonstrate a case of aortoesophageal fistula (AEF) secondary to sarcoidosis and its multistage interdisciplinary surgical therapy. CASE REPORT: A 66-year-old male was diagnosed with sarcoidosis in 2014. He has been treated with glucocorticoids since then and no severe health restrictions due the disease had occurred...
September 23, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Ilan Igor Maizlin, Jerry S Chen, Nicholas James Smith, David A Rogers
Posttraumatic esophagomediastinal fistula is an uncommon clinical entity that warrants surgical awareness due to its life-threatening potential. Its management, especially in previously operated field, is controversial and several endoscopic methods are being proposed as alternatives. Ours is the first report of endoscopic fulguration and fibrin injection in successful closure of such fistula. A 9-year-old female sustained complete tracheoesophageal transection from a gunshot wound to the neck and underwent immediate primary repair...
September 2016: American Surgeon
Manon C W Spaander, Todd H Baron, Peter D Siersema, Lorenzo Fuccio, Brigitte Schumacher, Àngels Escorsell, Juan-Carlos Garcia-Pagán, Jean-Marc Dumonceau, Massimo Conio, Antonella de Ceglie, Janusz Skowronek, Marianne Nordsmark, Thomas Seufferlein, André Van Gossum, Cesare Hassan, Alessandro Repici, Marco J Bruno
This Guideline is an official statement of the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE), endorsed by the European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology (ESTRO), the European Society of Digestive Endoscopy (ESDO), and the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN). The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) system was adopted to define the strength of recommendations and the quality of evidence. Main recommendations for malignant disease 1 ESGE recommends placement of partially or fully covered self-expandable metal stents (SEMSs) for palliative treatment of malignant dysphagia over laser therapy, photodynamic therapy, and esophageal bypass (strong recommendation, high quality evidence)...
October 2016: Endoscopy
Nidhi Bhatia, Kamlesh Kumari, Shiv Soni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
C Jason Smithers, Thomas E Hamilton, Michael A Manfredi, Lawrence Rhein, Peter Ngo, Dorothy Gallagher, John E Foker, Russell W Jennings
PURPOSE: Recurrent trachea-esophageal fistula (recTEF) is a frequent (5%-10%) complication of congenital TEF (conTEF) and esophageal atresia (EA) repair. In addition, postoperative acquired TEF (acqTEF) can occur in addition to or even in the absence of prior conTEF in the setting of esophageal anastomotic complications. Reliable repair often proves difficult by endoluminal or standard surgical techniques. We present the results of an approach that reliably identifies the TEF and facilitates airway closure as well as repair of associated tracheal and esophageal problems...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Tiffany Busa, Nicoleta Panait, Kathia Chaumoitre, Nicole Philip, Chantal Missirian
Terminal 7q deletion is rarely reported in the literature. Holoprosencephaly and sacral dysgenesis are found in association with this deletion, due to haploinsufficiency of SHH and HLBX9 genes respectively. We report on a 2-year-old boy with 7q35-36.3 deletion encompassing SHH identified by oligonucleotide array comparative genomic hybridization. In addition to other frequent features, the patient presented with esophageal atresia and tracheoeosophageal fistula diagnosed at birth. This case, together with two others previously described, one presenting with esophageal atresia, the other with congenital esophageal stenosis, confirms the possible association between congenital esophageal malformations and 7q terminal deletion including SHH...
October 2016: European Journal of Medical Genetics
Waleed Gibreel, Benjamin Zendejas, Ryan M Antiel, Geoffrey Fasen, Christopher R Moir, Abdalla E Zarroug
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate and study the full spectrum of swallowing dysfunction and long-term disease-specific outcomes in adults with surgically corrected esophageal atresia/tracheaesophageal fistula (EA/TEF). BACKGROUND: Long-term outcomes for adults who underwent EA/TEF repair because infants are lacking. METHODS: We developed a disease-specific swallowing dysfunction questionnaire (SDQ) to assess swallowing dysfunction and quality of life (QOL) of adult patients with surgically corrected EA/TEF...
September 6, 2016: Annals of Surgery
Bryan J Liming, Anthony Fischer, Graeme Pitcher
INTRODUCTION: Foreign body ingestion is a common pediatric problem that can have a delayed presentation, as presented herein. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a 15-year-old female who developed bronchial compression and an acquired tracheoesophageal fistula secondary to a longstanding esophageal foreign body. DISCUSSION: There are several challenges in diagnosis and management of this unusual situation. We review the literature regarding prolonged retention of foreign bodies and the challenges in diagnosis in the developmentally disabled child...
September 7, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Hajime Takayasu, Kouji Masumoto, Miki Ishikawa, Takato Sasaki, Kentaro Ono
Recurrent tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is still difficult to diagnose and repair. In almost all cases, recurrence appears relatively soon after the primary surgery. We herein describe a case of recurrent TEF that appeared 10 years after the primary repair. At 2 years of age, the patient suffered from mental retardation due to encephalitis and developed a hiatus hernia with gastro-esophageal reflux. He underwent the repair of a hiatus hernia and fundoplication at 3 years of age. However, the hiatus hernia recurred 6 months after the operation...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
Usha Krishnan, Hayat Mousa, Luigi Dall'Oglio, Nusrat Homaira, Rachel Rosen, Christophe Faure, Frédéric Gottrand
BACKGROUND: Esophageal atresia (EA) is one of the most common congenital digestive anomalies. With improvements in surgical techniques and intensive care treatments, the focus of care of these patients has shifted from mortality to morbidity and quality of life issues. These children face gastrointestinal (GI) problems not only in early childhood but also through adolescence and adulthood. However, there is currently a lack of a systematic approach to the care of these patients. The gastrointestinal working group of International Network on Esophageal Atresia (INoEA) comprised of members from ESPGHAN/NASPGHAN was charged with the task of developing uniform evidence-based guidelines for the management of GI complications in children with EA...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Mark Safe, Jemma Cho, Usha Krishnan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH (MII-pH) monitoring with standard investigations including pH testing for detecting gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in children. METHODS: A retrospective review of all MII-pH studies performed between July 2007 and March 2013 at Sydney Children's Hospital. Results from MII-pH testing, esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD), barium meal and pepsin assay, symptoms, underlying co-morbidities, age, and medication usage were evaluated...
August 27, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Paul Paddle, Inna Husain, Lauren McHugh, Ramon Franco
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: A total laryngectomy (TL) is performed as a primary or salvage therapy for laryngeal carcinoma. Pharyngotomy closure after TL is typically performed using manual sutures. Automatic stapling devices are routinely used in thoracoabdominal surgery, but have not been widely accepted for use in pharyngotomy closure. Previously described closed stapling techniques of pharyngeal closure do not allow direct evaluation of surgical margins and are limited to endolaryngeal disease...
August 22, 2016: Laryngoscope
Maximiliano Alejo Maricic, María Marcela Bailez, Susana P Rodriguez
UNLABELLED: We present the results of the validation of an inanimate model created for training thoracoscopic treatment of esophageal atresia with lower tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used different domestic materials such as a piece of wood (support), corrugated plastic tubes (PVC) of different sizes to simulate ribs, intercostal spaces, trachea and spine and tubular latex balloons to simulate the esophagus and lungs to make the basic model...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Karina V Grooteman, Louis M Wong Kee Song, Frank P Vleggaar, Peter D Siersema, Todd H Baron
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although the rule of 3 is recommended to minimize the risk of perforation when esophageal dilation is performed using bougie dilators, there are no data to validate its use. Our aim was to investigate the association between the rule of 3 and adverse events (AEs) in esophageal dilation. METHODS: A retrospective chart review in patients who underwent esophageal bougie or balloon dilation between December 1991 and February 2013 at a tertiary hospital was performed...
August 6, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Yu Feng, Runsen Chen, Xiaonan Li, Xuming Mo
BACKGROUND: Esophageal atresia (EA) is a common birth defect that occurs with tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF), although etiological studies on EA/TEF have produced inconsistent results. METHODS: The aim of this study was to examine the association between environmental factors during pregnancy and the risk of EA/TEF in a Chinese population. Cases of isolated EA and nonisolated EA and unaffected controls were identified between July 2005 and November 2015, and face-to-face questionnaires concerning exposure to environmental factors were administered to the birth mothers of 130 cases and 400 controls...
August 5, 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
Narendra R Dereddy, Eniko K Pivnick, Kirtikumar Upadhyay, Ramasubbareddy Dhanireddy, Ajay J Talati
Objectives Trisomy 18 is presumed to be a lethal chromosomal abnormality; medical management of infants with this aneuploidy is controversial. Our objective was to describe our approach and experience with trisomy 18 infants. Study Design We reviewed the initial hospital course, management, and factors predicting discharge from the hospital from two large tertiary care neonatal intensive care units in the southern United States over 26 years. Results Of the 29 infants with trisomy 18, 21 (72%) died in the hospital and 8 (28%) were discharged home...
August 4, 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
Ibrahim Erdim, Ali Ahmet Sirin, Bahadir Baykal, Fatih Oghan, Ali Guvey, Fatma Tulin Kayhan
INTRODUCTION: Tracheoesophageal peristomal fistulae can often be solved by reducing the size of the fistula or replacing the prosthesis; however, even with conservative techniques, leakage around the fistula may continue in total laryngectomy patients. Also, several techniques have been developed to overcome this problem, including injections around the fistula, fistula closure with local flaps, myofascial flaps, or free flaps and fistula closure using a septal perforation silicon button...
July 21, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Yi-Fan Yang, Rui Dong, Chao Zheng, Zhu Jin, Gong Chen, Yan-Lei Huang, Shan Zheng
BACKGROUND: A thoracoscopic approach for repair of esophageal atresia (EA) with tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) has become a standard procedure in many pediatric surgical centers. However, whether thoracotomy or thoracoscopy offer advantages in terms of surgical outcomes is not known. METHODS: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of thoracoscopic repair (TR) versus conventional open repair (COR) for EA with TEF.PubMed, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE were searched to identify relevant literature until 2016...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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