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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138824/genetic-mutational-testing-of-chinese-children-with-familial-hematuria-with-biopsy%C3%A2-proven-fsgs
#1
Yongzhen Li, Ying Wang, Qingnan He, Xiqiang Dang, Yan Cao, Xiaochuan Wu, Shuanghong Mo, Xiaoxie He, Zhuwen Yi
Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is a pathological lesion rather than a disease, with a diverse etiology. FSGS may result from genetic and non‑genetic factors. FSGS is considered a podocyte disease due to the fact that in the majority of patients with proven‑FSGS, the lesion results from defects in the podocyte structure or function. However, FSGS does not result exclusively from podocyte‑associated genes, however also from other genes including collagen IV‑associated genes. Patients who carry the collagen type IVA3 chain (COL4A3) or COL4A4 mutations usually exhibit Alport Syndrome (AS), thin basement membrane neuropathy or familial hematuria (FH)...
November 10, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136504/arid1a-has-context-dependent-oncogenic-and-tumor-suppressor-functions-in-liver-cancer
#2
Xuxu Sun, Sam C Wang, Yonglong Wei, Xin Luo, Yuemeng Jia, Lin Li, Purva Gopal, Min Zhu, Ibrahim Nassour, Jen-Chieh Chuang, Thomas Maples, Cemre Celen, Liem H Nguyen, Linwei Wu, Shunjun Fu, Weiping Li, Lijian Hui, Feng Tian, Yuan Ji, Shuyuan Zhang, Mahsa Sorouri, Tae Hyun Hwang, Lynda Letzig, Laura James, Zixi Wang, Adam C Yopp, Amit G Singal, Hao Zhu
ARID1A, an SWI/SNF chromatin-remodeling gene, is commonly mutated in cancer and hypothesized to be tumor suppressive. In some hepatocellular carcinoma patients, ARID1A was highly expressed in primary tumors but not in metastatic lesions, suggesting that ARID1A can be lost after initiation. Mice with liver-specific homozygous or heterozygous Arid1a loss were resistant to tumor initiation while ARID1A overexpression accelerated initiation. In contrast, homozygous or heterozygous Arid1a loss in established tumors accelerated progression and metastasis...
November 13, 2017: Cancer Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136498/a-two-faced-mswi-snf-subunit-dual-roles-for-arid1a-in-tumor-suppression-and-oncogenicity-in-the-liver
#3
Jordan E Otto, Cigall Kadoch
In this issue of Cancer Cell, Sun et al. describe context-dependent oncogenic and tumor-suppressive functions for the mammalian SWI/SNF (BAF) complex subunit ARID1A in the development and progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
November 13, 2017: Cancer Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128234/skilled-nursing-facility-partnerships-may-decrease-90-day-costs-in-a-total-joint-arthroplasty-episode-under-the-bundled-payments-for-care-improvement-initiative
#4
Omar A Behery, Shalen Kouk, Kevin K Chen, Kathleen A Mullaly, Joseph A Bosco, James D Slover, Richard Iorio, Ran Schwarzkopf
BACKGROUND: The Bundled Payments for Care Improvement initiative was developed to reduce costs associated with total joint arthroplasty through a single payment for all patient care from index admission through a 90-day post-discharge period, including care at skilled nursing facilities (SNFs). The aim of this study is to investigate whether forming partnerships between hospitals and SNFs could lower the post-discharge costs. We hypothesize that institutionally aligned SNFs have lower post-discharge costs than non-aligned SNFs...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112226/new-institutionalization-in-long-term-care-after-hospital-discharge-to-skilled-nursing-facility
#5
Addie Middleton, Shuang Li, Yong-Fang Kuo, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, James S Goodwin
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Approximately half of individuals newly admitted to long-term care (LTC) nursing homes (NHs) experienced a prior hospitalization followed by discharge to a skilled nursing facility (SNF). The objective was to examine characteristics associated with new institutionalizations of older adults on this care trajectory. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: SNFs and LTC NHs. PATIENTS: Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries admitted to 7,442 SNFs in 2013 (N = 597,986)...
November 7, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111304/who-are-they-patients-with-heart-failure-in-american-skilled-nursing-facilities
#6
Lin Li, Bill M Jesdale, Anne Hume, Giovanni Gambassi, Robert J Goldberg, Kate L Lapane
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is common among skilled nursing facility (SNF) residents, yet patients with HF in the SNF setting have not been well described. METHODS: Using Minimum Data Set 3.0 cross-linked to Medicare data (2011-2012), we studied 150,959 HF patients admitted to 13,858 SNFs throughout the USA. ICD-9 codes were used to differentiate patients with HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), or unspecified HF. RESULTS: The median age of the study population was 82 years, 68% were women, 34% had HFpEF, and 27% had HFrEF...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105664/brain-behavior-participant-similarity-networks-among-youth-and-emerging-adults-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-autism-spectrum-or-bipolar-disorder-and-matched-controls
#7
Laura Stefanik, Lauren Erdman, Stephanie H Ameis, George Foussias, Benoit H Mulsant, Tina Behdinan, Anna Goldenberg, Lauren J O'Donnell, Aristotle N Voineskos
There is considerable heterogeneity in social cognitive and neurocognitive performance among people with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD), autism spectrum disorders (ASD), bipolar disorder (BD), and healthy individuals. This study used Similarity Network Fusion (SNF), a novel data-driven approach, to identify participant similarity networks based on relationships among demographic, brain imaging, and behavioral data. T1-weighted and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance images were obtained for 174 adolescents and young adults (aged 16-35 years) with an SSD (n=51), an ASD without intellectual disability (n=38), euthymic BD (n=34), and healthy controls (n=51)...
November 6, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097273/-they-need-to-have-an-understanding-of-why-they-re-coming-here-and-what-the-outcomes-might-be-clinician-perspectives-on-goals-of-care-for-patients-discharged-from-hospitals-to-skilled-nursing-facilities
#8
Shelli L Feder, Meredith Campbell Britton, Sarwat I Chaudhry
CONTEXT: The number of patients discharged from acute care hospitals to skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) is rising. These patients have increasingly complex needs and many experience poor outcomes while under SNF care, including hospital readmissions. Patients' goals of care (GoC) are viewed as a factor contributing to unplanned hospital readmissions from SNFs. However, clinicians' perspectives of GoC for hospitalized patients discharged to SNFs are not well-described. OBJECTIVES: To explore how clinicians view GoC for hospitalized patients discharged to SNFs...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092888/uncoupling-exercise-bioenergetics-from-systemic-metabolic-homeostasis-by-conditional-inactivation-of-baf60-in-skeletal-muscle
#9
Zhuo-Xian Meng, Weiwei Tao, Jingxia Sun, Qiuyu Wang, Lin Mi, Jiandie D Lin
Impaired skeletal muscle energy metabolism is linked to the pathogenesis of insulin resistance and glucose intolerance in type 2 diabetes. The contractile and metabolic properties of myofibers exhibit a high degree of heterogeneity and plasticity. The regulatory circuitry underpinning skeletal muscle energy metabolism is critically linked to exercise endurance and systemic homeostasis. Recent work has identified the Baf60 subunits of the SWI/SNF chromatin-remodeling complex as powerful regulators of the metabolic gene programs...
November 1, 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079174/mir-223-potentially-targets-swi-snf-complex-protein-smarcd1-in-atypical-proliferative-serous-tumor-and-high-grade-ovarian-serous-carcinoma
#10
Florence A Arts, Lisa Keogh, Paul Smyth, Sharon O'Toole, Robert Ta, Noreen Gleeson, John J O'Leary, Richard Flavin, Orla Sheils
Ovarian cancer is the fifth most common cancer in women worldwide and has the highest mortality amongst gynecological cancers. miRNAs are a class of non-coding RNAs, approximately 22 nt long, that negatively regulate gene expression and to have roles in cell growth, differentiation, metabolism, apoptosis and tumorigenesis. Dysregulated miRNA-223 expression has been implicated in a wide range of cancer subtypes. SMARCD1 is an integral protein component of the SWI/SNF complex which remodels chromatin, and which has important roles in transcriptional control, DNA replication, recombination and repair...
October 24, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072783/living-alone-and-discharge-to-skilled-nursing-facility-care-after-hospitalization-in-older-adults
#11
Daniel E Lage, Michael C Jernigan, Yuchiao Chang, David C Grabowski, John Hsu, Joshua P Metlay, Sachin J Shah
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Community-based older adults are increasingly living alone. When they become ill, they might need greater support from the healthcare system than would those who live with others. There also has been a growing concern about the high use of postacute care such as skilled nursing facility (SNF) care and the level of variation in this use between hospitals and regions. Our objective was to examine whether living alone contributed to the risk of being discharged to a SNF...
October 26, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070872/baf53a-is-involved-in-survival-of-mouse-es-cells-which-can-be-compensated-by-baf53b
#12
Bo Zhu, Atsushi Ueda, Xiaohong Song, Shin-Ichi Horike, Takashi Yokota, Tadayuki Akagi
The human Baf (Brg1/Brm associated factor) complex, also known as the mammalian SWI/SNF chromatin-remodeling complex, is involved in a variety of cellular processes. The pluripotency and self-renewal abilities are major characteristics of embryonic stem (ES) cells and are regulated by the ES cell-specific BAF (esBAF) complex. Baf53a is one of the subunits of the esBAF complex. Here, we found that Baf53a was expressed in undifferentiated ES cells and that it interacted with Oct3/4. Analyses of tetracycline-inducible Baf53a conditional knockout ES cells revealed that the undifferentiated markers, including Nanog and Oct3/4, were expressed in Baf53a-deficient ES cells; however, growth of the cells was repressed, and expression of p53, p21, and cleaved Caspase 3 was increased...
October 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069115/the-enhanced-care-program-impact-of-a-care-transition-program-on-30-day-hospital-readmissions-for-patients-discharged-from-an-acute-care-facility-to-skilled-nursing-facilities
#13
Bradley T Rosen, Ronald J Halbert, Kelley Hart, Marcio A Diniz, Sharon Isonaka, Jeanne T Black
BACKGROUND: Increased acuity of skilled nursing facility (SNF) patients challenges the current system of care for these patients. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the impact on 30-day readmissions of a program designed to enhance the care of patients discharged from an acute care facility to SNFs. DESIGN: An observational, retrospective cohort analysis of 30-day hospital readmissions for patients discharged to 8 SNFs between January 1, 2014, and June 30, 2015...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063404/isolation-and-characterization-of-culturable-bacteria-present-in-the-spent-nuclear-fuel-pool-water
#14
Dugeshwar Karley, Sudhir K Shukla, Toleti Subba Rao
A spent nuclear fuel (SNF) pool is a key facility for safe management of nuclear waste, where spent nuclear fuel rods are stored in a water pool. The spent fuel rods carry a significant amount of radioactivity; they are either recycled or stored for further processing. Pool water acts as a heat sink as well as a shield against the radiation present in spent/burned fuel rods. The water used in these pools is filtered by an ultra-filtration process which makes certain the purity of water. As the life span of these pools is approximately 20 to 40 years, the maintenance of pure water is a big challenge...
October 23, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062319/a-biosensor-based-leaf-punch-assay-for-glutamine-correlates-to-symbiotic-nitrogen-fixation-measurements-in-legumes-to-permit-rapid-screening-of-rhizobia-inoculants-under-controlled-conditions
#15
Malinda S Thilakarathna, Nicholas Moroz, Manish N Raizada
Legumes are protein sources for billions of humans and livestock. These traits are enabled by symbiotic nitrogen fixation (SNF), whereby root nodule-inhabiting rhizobia bacteria convert atmospheric nitrogen (N) into usable N. Unfortunately, SNF rates in legume crops suffer from undiagnosed incompatible/suboptimal interactions between crop varieties and rhizobia strains. There are opportunities to test much large numbers of rhizobia strains if cost/labor-effective diagnostic tests become available which may especially benefit researchers in developing countries...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056176/care-transitions-between-hospitals-and-skilled-nursing-facilities-perspectives-of-sending-and-receiving-providers
#16
Meredith Campbell Britton, Gregory M Ouellet, Karl E Minges, Marcie Gawel, Beth Hodshon, Sarwat I Chaudhry
BACKGROUND: One in four Medicare patients hospitalized for acute medical illness is discharged to a skilled nursing facility (SNF); 23% of these patients are readmitted to the hospital within 30 days. The care transition from hospital to SNF is often marked by disruptions in care and poor communication among hospital and SNF providers. A study was conducted to identify the perspectives of sending and receiving providers regarding care transitions between the hospital and the SNF. METHODS: Hospital (N = 25) and SNF (N = 16) providers participated in qualitative interviews assessing patient transfers and experiences with unplanned hospital readmissions...
November 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045843/high-throughput-functional-genetic-and-compound-screens-identify-targets-for-senescence-induction-in-cancer
#17
Liqin Wang, Rodrigo Leite de Oliveira, Cun Wang, João M Fernandes Neto, Sara Mainardi, Bastiaan Evers, Cor Lieftink, Ben Morris, Fleur Jochems, Lisa Willemsen, Roderick L Beijersbergen, René Bernards
Senescence is a proliferation arrest that can result from a variety of stresses. Cancer cells can also undergo senescence, but the stresses that provoke cancer cells to undergo senescence are unclear. Here, we use both functional genetic and compound screens in cancer cells harboring a reporter that is activated during senescence to find targets that induce senescence. We show that suppression of the SWI/SNF component SMARCB1 induces senescence in melanoma through strong activation of the MAP kinase pathway...
October 17, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044508/differentially-regulated-gene-expression-in-quiescence-vs-senescence-and-identification-of-arid5a-as-a-quiescence-associated-marker
#18
Tarique Anwar, Bijoya Sen, Savera Aggarwal, Rhisita Nath, Ajay Katoch, Mohamed Aiyaz, Nirupma Trehanpati, Sanjeev Khosla, Gayatri Ramakrishna
In multicellular organisms majority of the cells remain in a non-dividing states of either fully differentiated or quiescence (reversible) or senescence (irreversible) conditions. In the present study, gene expression signatures unique to quiescence and senescence were identified using microarray in osteosarcoma cell line, U2OS. Besides, it was also noted that certain genes and pathways like NOD pathway was shared by both the growth arrest conditions. A major highlight of the present study was increased expression of number of chemokines and cytokines in both quiescence and senescence...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042263/facility-level-factors-and-outcomes-after-skilled-nursing-facility-admission-for-trauma-and-surgical-patients
#19
Lucas W Thornblade, Saman Arbabi, David R Flum, Qian Qiu, Vanessa J Fawcett, Giana H Davidson
OBJECTIVE: Patients discharged to skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) have worse outcomes than those discharged to home, but whether this is due to differences in facility-level factors in addition to patient characteristics is not known. We aimed to determine whether SNF-level factors including nurse staffing and patient density are associated with outcomes after acute hospitalization for trauma or surgery. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND MEASUREMENTS: Retrospective study of patients discharged to Medicare-certified SNFs after trauma or major surgery from 2007 to 2009...
October 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037135/distinct-mechanisms-of-phenotypic-effects-of-inactivation-and-prionization-of-swi1-protein-in-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#20
K S Antonets, S F Kliver, D E Polev, A R Shuvalova, E A Andreeva, S G Inge-Vechtomov, A A Nizhnikov
Prions are proteins that under the same conditions can exist in two or more conformations, and at least one of the conformations has infectious properties. The prionization of a protein is typically accompanied by its functional inactivation due to sequestration of monomers by the prion aggregates. The most of prions has been identified in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. One of them is [SWI(+)], a prion isoform of the Swi1 protein, which is a component of the evolutionarily conserved chromatin remodeling complex SWI/SNF...
October 2017: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
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