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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350740/prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-and-c-and-factors-for-infection-and-nonimmune-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-patients-in-china
#1
Dafan Chen, Shengzheng Luo, Qiwen Ben, Lungen Lu, Xinjian Wan, Jianjiong Wu
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to investigate the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients and the risk factors related to the infection and nonimmune status. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out at two clinical centers. The prevalence of viral markers and risk factors related to HBV and HCV infection and nonimmune status were analyzed in IBD patients. Age-matched and sex-matched healthy individuals were recruited as the controls...
May 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337230/health-related-quality-of-life-assessment-among-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-after-surgery-review
#2
REVIEW
Grażyna Bączyk, Dorota Formanowicz, Łukasz Gmerek, Piotr Krokowicz
Aim of the work was to review systematically the published literature addressing whether quality of life (QoL) and health-related QoL (HRQoL) are influenced by surgery among patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Electronic databases and published articles were searched to identify relevant studies published in the years 1990-2015. Then, a multistep selection was undertaken to identify articles that met specific selection criteria, such us specific key-words (IBD, HRQoL, ulcerative colitis (UC), Crohn's disease (CD), and surgery), and the population was assessed (studies concerning patients < 18 years old were excluded)...
2017: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333769/the-incidence-of-low-seroimmunity-to-hepatitis-b-virus-in-children-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#3
Abhishek Watts, William E Bennett, Jean P Molleston, Sandeep K Gupta, Joseph M Croffie, Shamaila Waseem, Brian A McFerron, Steven J Steiner, Sanjay Kumar, Charles P Vanderpool, Emily C Hon, Molly A Bozic, Girish C Subbarao, Marian D Pfefferkorn
OBJECTIVES: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) often receive immunosuppressive therapy which may make them vulnerable to infections such as hepatitis B. We hypothesized that hepatitis B virus (HBV) titers are low in the vaccinated pediatric IBD population. The aims of our study were to identify the incidence of lower titers of hepatitis B surface antibody (HBsAb) and determine which patient factors may be associated with lower HBsAb titers. METHODS: Patients with diagnosis of IBD, ages 5-18 years, were prospectively enrolled...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328622/quality-of-care-and-outcomes-among-hospitalized-inflammatory-bowel-disease-patients-a-multicenter-retrospective-study
#4
Geoffrey C Nguyen, Sanjay K Murthy, Brian Bressler, Mindy C W Lam, Ali Alali, Asmae Toumi, Jason Reinglas, Adam Rampersad, Adam V Weizman, Waqqas Afif
BACKGROUND: Half of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) require hospitalization. We sought to characterize inpatient quality indicators of care and outcomes during IBD-related hospitalizations at 4 major IBD referral centers in Canada. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter retrospective cohort study of patients with IBD admitted from 2011 to 2013 to tertiary centers in Toronto, Montreal, Ottawa, and Vancouver. We assessed the following inpatient indicators of care: pharmacological venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis, Clostridium difficile testing, and medical rescue therapy for steroid-refractory ulcerative colitis (UC)...
March 21, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321155/pseudopolyps-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-have-we-learned-enough
#5
REVIEW
Dimitrios S Politis, Konstantinos H Katsanos, Epameinondas V Tsianos, Dimitrios K Christodoulou
Pseudopolyps are a well described entity in the literature and even though the exact pathogenesis of their formation is not completely understood, they are considered non-neoplastic lesions originating from the mucosa after repeated periods of inflammation and ulceration associated with excessive healing processes. Their occurrence is less common in Crohn's disease than in ulcerative colitis, and their overall prevalence ranges from 4% to 74%; moreover, they are found more often in colon but have been detected in other parts of the gastrointestinal tract as well...
March 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315811/variant-two-stage-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis-an-innovative-and-effective-alternative-to-standard-resection-in-ulcerative-colitis
#6
Jennifer Samples, Krista Evans, Nicole Chaumont, Paula Strassle, Timothy Sadiq, Mark Koruda
BACKGROUND: Ulcerative colitis patients have been historically treated with standard single, two and three stage operative approaches. We perform a variant two-stage procedure beginning with total abdominal colectomy and end ileostomy followed by completion proctectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis without a diverting loop ileostomy. The present study evaluates the effectiveness of this innovative alternative. STUDY DESIGN: Patients with ulcerative colitis admitted to UNC Hospital between 2003 and 2010 for IPAA were eligible for inclusion...
January 28, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301430/etiopathogenesis-of-nephrolithiasis-in-ulcerative-colitis-patients-with-the-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis
#7
Zubin Arora, Saurabh Mukewar, Rocio Lopez, Debra Camino, Bo Shen, Phillip Hall
BACKGROUND: Our previous study showed that nephrolithiasis is a common complication in ulcerative colitis patients after ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA). However, the pathogenesis of nephrolithiasis in IPAA patients has not been studied. The aim of this study was to compare urine and serum metabolic compositions in IPAA patients with nephrolithiasis and controls with IPAA and no nephrolithiasis. METHODS: Using cross-sectional study design, serum and 24-hour urine metabolic compositions were compared between IPAA patients with nephrolithiasis (the study group) and those without (the control group)...
March 15, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288458/gastric-acid-suppression-is-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-adverse-outcomes-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#8
Rajesh Shah, Peter Richardson, Hong Yu, Jennifer Kramer, Jason Ken Hou
BACKGROUND: The intestinal microbiota may influence inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) activity. Histamine 2 receptor antagonists (H2RAs) and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) can alter the intestinal microbiota. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between H2RAs, PPIs, and IBD-related outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study of IBD patients using the Veterans Health Affairs databases. Cases were defined by their first instance of an IBD-related hospitalization or surgery and the exposure of interest was H2RA or PPI use 30 days prior to the outcome...
March 14, 2017: Digestion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274849/patient-age-sex-and-inflammatory-bowel-disease-phenotype-associate-with-course-of-primary-sclerosing-cholangitis
#9
Tobias J Weismüller, Palak J Trivedi, Annika Bergquist, Mohamad Imam, Henrike Lenzen, Cyriel Y Ponsioen, Kristian Holm, Daniel Gotthardt, Martti A Färkkilä, Hanns-Ulrich Marschall, Douglas Thorburn, Rinse K Weersma, Johan Fevery, Tobias Mueller, Olivier Chaouillères, Kornelius Schulze, Konstantinos N Lazaridis, Sven Almer, Stephen P Pereira, Cynthia Levy, Andrew Mason, Sigrid Naess, Christopher L Bowlus, Annarosa Floreani, Emina Halilbasic, Kidist K Yimam, Piotr Milkiewicz, Ulrich Beuers, Dep K Huynh, Albert Pares, Christine N Manser, George N Dalekos, Bertus Eksteen, Pietro Invernizzi, Christoph P Berg, Gabi I Kirchner, Christoph Sarrazin, Vincent Zimmer, Luca Fabris, Felix Braun, Marco Marzioni, Brian D Juran, Karouk Said, Christian Rupp, Kalle Jokelainen, Maria Benito de Valle, Francesca Saffioti, Angela Cheung, Michael Trauner, Christoph Schramm, Roger W Chapman, Tom H Karlsen, Erik Schrumpf, Christian P Strassburg, Michael P Manns, Keith D Lindor, Gideon M Hirschfield, Bettina E Hansen, Kirsten M Boberg
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is an orphan hepatobiliary disorder associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We aimed to estimate the risk of disease progression based on distinct clinical phenotypes in a large, international cohort of patients with PSC. METHODS: We performed a retrospective outcome analysis of patients diagnosed with PSC from 1980 through 2010 at 37 centers in Europe, North America, and Australia. For each patient, we collected data on sex, clinician-reported age at and date of PSC and IBD diagnoses, phenotypes of IBD and PSC, and date and indication of IBD-related surgeries...
March 5, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271250/cost-effectiveness-of-vedolizumab-compared-with-infliximab-adalimumab-and-golimumab-in-patients-with-ulcerative-colitis-in-the-united-kingdom
#10
Michele R Wilson, Annika Bergman, Helene Chevrou-Severac, Ross Selby, Michael Smyth, Matthew C Kerrigan
OBJECTIVE: To examine the clinical and economic impact of vedolizumab compared with infliximab, adalimumab, and golimumab in the treatment of moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis (UC) in the United Kingdom (UK). METHODS: A decision analytic model in Microsoft Excel was used to compare vedolizumab with other biologic treatments (infliximab, adalimumab, and golimumab) for the treatment of biologic-naïve patients with UC in the UK. Efficacy data were obtained from a network meta-analysis using placebo as the common comparator...
March 8, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239313/second-korean-guidelines-for-the-management-of-ulcerative-colitis
#11
REVIEW
Chang Hwan Choi, Won Moon, You Sun Kim, Eun Soo Kim, Bo-In Lee, Yunho Jung, Yong Sik Yoon, Heeyoung Lee, Dong Il Park, Dong Soo Han
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease characterized by a relapsing and remitting course. The direct and indirect costs of the treatment of UC are high, and the quality of life of patients is reduced, especially during exacerbation of the disease. The incidence and prevalence of UC in Korea are still lower than those of Western countries, but have been rapidly increasing during the past decades. Various medical and surgical therapies, including biologics, are currently used for the management of UC...
January 2017: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225647/early-experience-with-single-incision-laparoscopic-total-abdominal-colectomy-in-children
#12
Cristen N Litz, Paul D Danielson, Nicole M Chandler
PURPOSE: Single-incision laparoscopic surgery for pediatric colorectal disease has been shown to be feasible and safe; however, the literature is scarce regarding the outcomes of single-incision laparoscopic total abdominal colectomy (SIL-TAC) in the pediatric population. The purpose of this pilot study was to review our initial experience and outcomes with SIL-TAC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of patients who underwent SIL-TAC from 2013 to 2015 was performed...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210079/%C3%AE-2-heremans-schmid-glycoprotein-fetuin-a-downregulation-and-its-utility-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#13
Anastassios C Manolakis, Gregory Christodoulidis, Andreas N Kapsoritakis, Panagiotis Georgoulias, Elisavet K Tiaka, Kostas Oikonomou, Varvara J Valotassiou, Spyros P Potamianos
AIM: To investigate the impact of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) on α2-Heremans-Schmid Glycoprotein (AHSG/fetuin A) and potential associations with disease and patient characteristics. METHODS: AHSG serum levels were determined in treatment-naïve newly-diagnosed patients, 96 with ulcerative colitis (UC), 84 with Crohn's disease (CD), 62 with diarrhea-predominant or mixed irritable bowel syndrome (IBS, D- and M- types) and 180 healthy controls (HC), by an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
January 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203173/squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-anal-transitional-zone-after-ileal-pouch-surgery-for-ulcerative-colitis-systematic-review-and-treatment-perspectives
#14
Gianluca Pellino, Christos Kontovounisios, Diana Tait, John Nicholls, Paris P Tekkis
BACKGROUND: Few cases of pouch-related cancers have been reported in ulcerative colitis (UC), and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is very rare. METHOD: A systematic review of the literature was performed to identify all unequivocal cases of pouch-related SCC in UC patients. RESULTS: Eight cases of SCC developing after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) have been observed since 1978. Two arose from the pouch mucosa and 6 from below. The pooled cumulative incidence of SCC is below 0...
January 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191884/dynamics-of-the-human-gut-microbiome-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#15
Jonas Halfvarson, Colin J Brislawn, Regina Lamendella, Yoshiki Vázquez-Baeza, William A Walters, Lisa M Bramer, Mauro D'Amato, Ferdinando Bonfiglio, Daniel McDonald, Antonio Gonzalez, Erin E McClure, Mitchell F Dunklebarger, Rob Knight, Janet K Jansson
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterized by flares of inflammation with a periodic need for increased medication and sometimes even surgery. The aetiology of IBD is partly attributed to a deregulated immune response to gut microbiome dysbiosis. Cross-sectional studies have revealed microbial signatures for different IBD subtypes, including ulcerative colitis, colonic Crohn's disease and ileal Crohn's disease. Although IBD is dynamic, microbiome studies have primarily focused on single time points or a few individuals...
February 13, 2017: Nature Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178003/efficacy-and-safety-of-vedolizumab-for-induction-of-remission-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-the-israeli-real-world-experience
#16
Uri Kopylov, Yulia Ron, Irit Avni-Biron, Benjamin Koslowsky, Matti Waterman, Saleh Daher, Bella Ungar, Henit Yanai, Nitsan Maharshak, Ofer Ben-Bassat, Lev Lichtenstein, Ariella Bar-Gil Shitrit, Eran Israeli, Doron Schwartz, Eran Zittan, Rami Eliakim, Yehuda Chowers, Shomron Ben-Horin, Iris Dotan
BACKGROUND: Vedolizumab (VDZ) is an anti-integrin monoclonal antibody effective in ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). The aim of this study was to examine the "real world" efficacy and safety of VDZ in a large national patient cohort. METHODS: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease treated with VDZ were prospectively followed for 14 weeks. Patients who completed the induction protocol (week 0/2/6/14) or discontinued the treatment before week 14 for adverse events (AEs) or primary nonresponse were included...
March 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28172979/p443-systematic-review-of-internet-decision-making-resources-for-patients-considering-surgery-for-ulcerative-colitis
#17
D Baker, J Marshall, M Lee, G Jones, S Brown, A Lobo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28172847/p644-factors-and-salvage-surgery-for-treatment-of-pouch-failure-after-restorative-proctocolectomy-for-ulcerative-colitis-a-single-institution-study
#18
H Kuroki, A Sugita, K Koganei, K Tatsumi, R Futatsuki, N Obara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158501/third-european-evidence-based-consensus-on-diagnosis-and-management-of-ulcerative-colitis-part-1-definitions-diagnosis-extra-intestinal-manifestations-pregnancy-cancer-surveillance-surgery-and-ileo-anal-pouch-disorders
#19
Fernando Magro, Paolo Gionchetti, Rami Eliakim, Sandro Ardizzone, Alessandro Armuzzi, Manuel Barreiro-de Acosta, Johan Burisch, Krisztina B Gecse, Ailsa L Hart, Pieter Hindryckx, Cord Langner, Jimmy K Limdi, Gianluca Pellino, Edyta Zagórowicz, Tim Raine, Marcus Harbord, Florian Rieder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155840/osteitis-in-the-course-of-pyodema-gangrenosum-case-raport
#20
Andrzej Kaźmierczak-Koćwin, Robert Pieczyrak, Damian Kusz, Eugeniusz Kucharz, Marcin Kusz
We present the case of a male patient admitted to the Department of Orthopaedics and Musculoskeletal Traumatology, Medical University of Silesia (MUS) in Katowice, due to a right hindfoot abscess with calcaneal infiltration and pain in the forehead and the back, with evidence of local inflammation. The patient had a history of ulcerative colitis and sclerosing cholangitis was suspected. During the hospital stay, the patient underwent calcaneal CT, surgery (resection of an inflammatory focus) and MRI of the thoracic and lumbosacral spine, which revealed inflamed spinous processes of the Th10, Th11 and Th12 vertebrae...
November 30, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
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