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Congenital heart diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212920/neonatal-lupus-follow-up-in-infants-with-anti-ssa-ro-antibodies-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
REVIEW
Antonio Alberto Zuppa, Riccardo Riccardi, Simonetta Frezza, Francesca Gallini, Rita Maria Paola Luciano, Giovanni Alighieri, Costantino Romagnoli, Sara De Carolis
Neonatal Lupus Syndrome (NLS) is a distinct clinical entity caused by transplacental passage of maternal anti-SSA/Ro antibodies (Ab). Mothers may have systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjögren syndrome, or other connective tissue disease, or may be completely healthy at the time of giving birth. NLS includes several clinical manifestations: complete congenital heart block (CCHB) and cutaneous lupus are the most common, while hepatobiliary disease, hematological manifestations and central nervous system involvement may occur...
February 14, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212589/a-multicenter-initiative-for-critical-congenital-heart-disease-newborn-screening-in-texas-neonatal-intensive-care-units
#2
Alice Gong, Charleta Guillory, Liza Creel, Judith Ellen Livingtson, Tiffany M McKee-Garrett, Regine Fortunov
Objective The objective of this study was to implement a strategy for critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) newborn screening in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Design A NICU-specific curriculum, screening algorithm, slide presentations, and templates of orders, policies, and procedures were developed into a toolkit for training NICU personnel. Screening was conducted on first and second screen pre- and postductal oxygen saturations (SpO2) on newborns admitted or transferred to the NICU. Results We trained 347 NICU personnel in 13 Texas hospitals, representing rural, suburban, and metropolitan settings...
February 17, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212480/-reintervention-with-percutaneous-balloon-angioplasty-in-patients-with-congenital-heart-disease-with-left-sided-obstructions
#3
Horacio Márquez-González, Diana López-Gallegos, Nataly Alejandra Pérez-Velázquez, Lucelli Yáñez-Gutiérrez
BACKGROUND: Left-sided cardiac obstructions represent 15% of congenital heart disease (CHD). The treatment in adults is surgical; however, balloon dilation by interventional catheterization can alleviate the symptoms in pediatric patients to allow them to reach the target height. The aim was to determine the survival and the factors associated with reintervention in patients with CHD with left-sided obstruction treated with balloon angioplasty. METHODS: A cohort study was conducted in patients aged 4 to 17 years with left-sided heart obstruction (valvular stenosis [VS], supravalvular aortic stenosis [SAS], coarctation of the aorta [CA]) successfully treated with balloon angioplasty...
2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212134/the-adult-patient-with-congenital-heart-disease
#4
Paola Testa, Arpes Mainardi, Giancarlo Piovaccari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212053/transthoracic-echocardiography-pitfalls-and-limitations-as-delineated-at-cardiac-ct-and-mr-imaging
#5
Sachin B Malik, Natalie Chen, Rex A Parker, Joe Y Hsu
Transthoracic echocardiography ( TTE transthoracic echocardiography ) is a critical tool in the field of clinical cardiology. It often serves as one of the first-line imaging modalities in the evaluation of cardiac disease owing to its low cost, portability, widespread availability, lack of ionizing radiation, and ability to evaluate both anatomy and function of the heart. Consequently, a large majority of patients undergoing a cardiac computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance (MR) imaging examination will have a TTE transthoracic echocardiography available for review...
February 17, 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211529/association-between-abo-blood-group-and-risk-of-congenital-heart-disease-a-6-year-large-cohort-study
#6
Bailing Zu, Guoling You, Qihua Fu, Jing Wang
ABO blood group, except its direct clinical implications for transfusion and organ transplantation, is generally accepted as an effect factor for coronary heart disease, but the associations between ABO blood group and congenital heart disease (CHD) are not coherent by previous reports. In this study, we evaluated the the potential relationship between ABO blood group and CHD risk. In 39,042 consecutive inpatients (19,795 CHD VS 19,247 controls), we used multivariable logistic regression to evaluate the roles of ABO blood group, gender, and RH for CHD...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211263/increased-regurgitant-flow-causes-endocardial-cushion-defects-in-an-avian-embryonic-model-of-congenital-heart-disease
#7
Stephanie M Ford, Matthew T McPheeters, Yves T Wang, Pei Ma, Shi Gu, James Strainic, Christopher Snyder, Andrew M Rollins, Michiko Watanabe, Michael W Jenkins
BACKGROUND: The relationship between changes in endocardial cushion and resultant congenital heart diseases (CHD) has yet to be established. It has been shown that increased regurgitant flow early in embryonic heart development leads to endocardial cushion defects, but it remains unclear how abnormal endocardial cushions during the looping stages might affect the fully septated heart. The goal of this study was to reproducibly alter blood flow in vivo and then quantify the resultant effects on morphology of endocardial cushions in the looping heart and on CHDs in the septated heart...
February 17, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211168/the-medtronic-micro-vascular-plug%C3%A2-for-vascular-embolization-in-children-with-congenital-heart-diseases
#8
Shyam Sathanandam, Henri Justino, B Rush Waller, Srinath T Gowda, Wolfgang Radtke, Athar M Qureshi
OBJECTIVES: To describe the early multi-center, clinical experience with the Medtronic Micro Vascular Plug™ (MVP) in children with congenital heart disease (CHD) undergoing vascular embolization. BACKGROUND: The MVP is a large diameter vascular occlusion device that can be delivered through a microcatheter for embolization of abnormal blood vessels. METHODS: A retrospective review of embolization procedures using the MVP in children with CHD was performed in 3-centers...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210520/synchronous-aberrant-cerebellar-and-opercular-development-in-fetuses-and-neonates-with-congenital-heart-disease-correlation-with-early-communicative-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-initial-experience
#9
A Wong, T Chavez, S O'Neil, J Votava-Smith, D Miller, S delCastillo, A Panigrahy, L Paquette
Patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) demonstrate multidomain cognitive delays. Cingulo-opercular and cerebellar brain networks are critical to language functions. This is a description of our initial experience aiming to identify an anatomic correlate for CHD patients with expressive language delays. Fetal CHD patients, prospectively enrolled, underwent serial fetal (1.5T), postnatal pre- and postoperative (3T) MRI. Non-CHD patients were enrolled retrospectively from the same epoch. Comparable fetal and neonatal T2 contrast was used for manual linear cross-sectional measurement...
January 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209388/increased-risk-of-thromboembolic-events-in-adult-congenital-heart-disease-patients-with-atrial-tachyarrhythmias
#10
Keita Masuda, Tomoko Ishizu, Koichiro Niwa, Fumie Takechi, Shigeru Tateno, Hitoshi Horigome, Kazutaka Aonuma
BACKGROUND: Atrial tachyarrhythmias are a major morbidity in patients with adult congenital heart disease (ACHD). However, few studies have investigated risk stratification of thromboembolic events in ACHD patients with atrial tachyarrhythmias. METHODS AND RESULTS: This retrospective cohort study reviewed the clinical records of 2314 ACHD patients from 1977 to 2014. We found 242 (10.4%) patients with atrial tachyarrhythmias and excluded 84 patients already being treated with anticoagulant therapy...
February 5, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209227/advances-in-the-genetics-of-congenital-heart%C3%A2-disease-a-clinician-s-guide
#11
REVIEW
Gillian M Blue, Edwin P Kirk, Eleni Giannoulatou, Gary F Sholler, Sally L Dunwoodie, Richard P Harvey, David S Winlaw
Our understanding of the genetics of congenital heart disease (CHD) is rapidly expanding; however, many questions, particularly those relating to sporadic forms of disease, remain unanswered. Massively parallel sequencing technology has made significant contributions to the field, both from a diagnostic perspective for patients and, importantly, also from the perspective of disease mechanism. The importance of de novo variation in sporadic disease is a recent highlight, and the genetic link between heart and brain development has been established...
February 21, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208971/a-rare-association-of-pentalogy-of-fallot-with-situs-inversus-totalis-complicated-by-brain-abscess-in-an-adolescent-case-report
#12
Muhammed Basheer, Sunil Kumar Agarwalla
Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is the most frequently diagnosed congenital cyanotic heart disease. It is often associated with additional findings, such as atrial septal defect (i.e., pentalogy of Fallot) or right sided aortic arch. Association of this pentalogy of Fallot with situs inversus totalis is rarely reported in paediatric literature and it can cause technical challenges to intracardiac repair. We report the case of pentalogy of Fallot with dextrocardia and situs inversus presenting as parieto-occipital abscess in a 12-year-old child...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208970/isolated-hypoplasia-of-left-pulmonary-artery-with-agenesis-of-left-lobe-of-thyroid-a-case-report
#13
Mohammed Abdul Khadir, Ganesh Narayana, Ganavi Ramagopal, Pradeep G Nayar
Isolated Unilateral hypoplasia or agenesis of a branch of pulmonary artery is very rare. It is usually seen associated with congenital heart diseases such as tetralogy of Fallot, atrial septal defect, coarctation of the aorta, right aortic arch, truncus arteriosus, patent ductus arteriosus and pulmonary atresia. It occurs as a result of lack of embryological development of either the left or right sixth aortic arch and has been found to present itself with various clinical manifestations as during childhood it presents as contralateral pulmonary hypertension and in adults as haemoptysis...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208963/clinical-profile-of-cardiac-arrhythmias-in-children-attending-the-out-patient-department-of-a-tertiary-paediatric-care-centre-in-chennai
#14
Sarala Premkumar, Premkumar Sundararajan, Thangavelu Sangaralingam
INTRODUCTION: The presentation of symptoms of paediatric arrhythmias vary depending on the age and underlying heart disease. Physical examination of children with important arrhythmias may be entirely normal. AIM: Aim is to study the characteristics of cardiac arrhythmias in paediatric patients in a tertiary paediatric care centre in Chennai, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The participants (n=60) were from birth to 12 years of age. Patients with sinus arrhythmias, sinus tachycardia and sinus bradycardia were excluded...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199782/social-independence-among-adult-congenital-heart-disease-patients-in-japan
#15
Ryota Ochiai, Yukitaka Ikeda, Hitoshi Kato, Isao Shiraishi
BACKGROUND: As treatment outcomes for congenital heart disease have improved, the social independence of adult congenital heart disease patients has become a key goal. We aimed to (1) determine the relationship between social independence and psychological profiles in these patients, and (2) identify patient anxieties, difficulties, and demands related to life in society. METHODS: A total of 143 patients aged ≥15 years who had physical disability certificates were selected using a questionnaire distributed by a patients association...
February 15, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197939/prenatal-counseling-of-fetal-congenital-heart-disease
#16
REVIEW
Caroline K Lee
The field of fetal cardiology has advanced greatly over the last two decades and congenital heart defects can now be identified in utero with a high level of accuracy. Prenatal counseling of parents given the news of a fetal cardiac defect is an important role of the fetal cardiologist. Prenatal counseling is a complex task that requires skill to perform and interpret fetal echocardiograms, an understanding of fetal and postnatal cardiovascular physiology, knowledge of therapeutic and surgical options, and of long-term outcomes including quality of life...
January 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197280/predictors-of-permanent-pacemaker-implantation-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-and-valve-surgery-in-adult-patients-in-current-surgical-era
#17
Bandar Al-Ghamdi, Yaseen Mallawi, Azam Shafquat, Alexandra Ledesma, Nadiah AlRuwaili, Mohamed Shoukri, Shahid Khan, Aly Al Sanei
BACKGROUND: Permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation after cardiac surgery is required in 0.4-6% of patients depending on cardiac surgery type. PPM implantation in the early postoperative period may reduce morbidity and postoperative hospital stay. We performed a retrospective review of electronic medical records of adult patients with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), valve surgery, or both, over a 3-year period. Our aim was to identify predictors of PPM requirements and PPM dependency on follow-up in the current surgical era...
August 2016: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196953/prevalence-and-patterns-of-congenital-heart-diseases-in-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#18
Aurel T Tankeu, Jean Joel R Bigna, Jobert Richie N Nansseu, Leopold Ndemnge Aminde, Celestin Danwang, Mazou N Temgoua, Jean Jacques N Noubiap
INTRODUCTION: Congenital heart diseases (CHD) are common causes of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality among young children and adolescents living in Africa. Accurate epidemiological data are needed in order to evaluate and improve preventive strategies. This review aims to determine the prevalence of CHD and their main patterns in Africa. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This systematic review and meta-analysis will include cross-sectional, case-control and cohort studies of populations residing inside African countries, which have reported the prevalence of CHD, confirmed by an echocardiographic examination and/or describing different patterns of these abnormalities in Africa...
February 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196901/novel-variant-in-the-ank2-membrane-binding-domain-is-associated-with-ankyrin-b-syndrome-and-structural-heart-disease-in-a-first-nations-population-with-a-high-rate-of-long-qt-syndrome
#19
Leigh Anne Swayne, Nathaniel P Murphy, Sirisha Asuri, Lena Chen, Xiaoxue Xu, Sarah McIntosh, Chao Wang, Peter J Lancione, Jason D Roberts, Charles Kerr, Shubhayan Sanatani, Elizabeth Sherwin, Crystal F Kline, Mingjie Zhang, Peter J Mohler, Laura T Arbour
BACKGROUND: Long QT syndrome confers susceptibility to ventricular arrhythmia, predisposing to syncope, seizures, and sudden death. While rare globally, long QT syndrome is ≈15× more common in First Nations of Northern British Columbia largely because of a known mutation in KCNQ1. However, 2 large multigenerational families were affected, but negative for the known mutation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Long QT syndrome panel testing was carried out in the index case of each family, and clinical information was collected...
January 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196822/hepatopulmonary-fusion-a-rare-and-potentially-lethal-association-with-right-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#20
Vishesh Jain, Devendra Kumar Yadav, Devasenathipathy Kandasamy, Devendra Kumar Gupta
Hepatopulmonary fusion is an extremely rare accompaniment of right congenital diaphragmatic hernia. It is associated with abnormal systemic arterial supply and venous drainage of the right lung along with congenital heart disease. Children with this condition have a comparatively poor prognosis. We report a case of right congenital diaphragmatic hernia with hepatopulmonary fusion along with review of the literature with stress on diagnosis and management.
February 14, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
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