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Armour thyroid

Christine M Armour, Simone Kersseboom, Grace Yoon, Theo J Visser
BACKGROUND: Mutations in the thyroid hormone (TH) transporter MCT8 have been identified as the cause for Allan-Herndon-Dudley Syndrome (AHDS), characterized by severe psychomotor retardation and altered TH serum levels. Here we report a novel MCT8 mutation identified in 4 generations of one family, and its functional characterization. METHODS: Proband and family members were screened for 60 genes involved in X-linked cognitive impairment and the MCT8 mutation was confirmed...
2015: PloS One
Gaurav Shah, Farrington Laura, Koyamangalath Krishnan
SESSION TYPE: Critical Care Student/Resident Case Report Posters IIPRESENTED ON: Tuesday, October 23, 2012 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMINTRODUCTION: Isolated paradoxical renal embolism has been reported rarely in literature. We report a case of paradoxical unilateral renal embolus due to patent foramen ovale (PFO) in an otherwise healthy Caucasian female.CASE PRESENTATION: A 42 year old Caucasian female was admitted to the hospital due to severe flank pain associated with nausea and vomiting for 4 days. Computed Tomography (CT) of abdomen without contrast done 2 days ago was without any abnormalities...
October 1, 2012: Chest
Scott Snyder, Robert E Listecki
Effective thyroid replacement therapy may be elusive to some patients, and compounding pharmacists have an opportunity to deliver more effective therapy. Goodman & Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics 12th edition states that the body usually secretes T4:T3 in an 11:1 ratio but cautions against pursuing combined thyroid replacement due to the short halflife of T3 that necessitates multiple daily dosing; no commercial availability and lack of benefit were shown in trials. Commercial combinations of T4/T3 such as Armour Thyroid and Nature-Throid have a 4...
September 2012: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
Mario Stefano Peragallo, Francesco Urbano, Giuseppe Sarnicola, Florigio Lista, Alfredo Vecchione
An abnormally elevated rate of Hodgkin's lymphoma was reported in 2001 among Italian soldiers in Bosnia and Kosovo since 1995: a surveillance system was therefore set up for the military community. Preliminary results for a longer period (1996-2007) have shown incidence rates lower than expected for all malignancies. No significant difference was registered between observed and expected cases of Hodkin's lymphoma: the excess of reported cases for this malignancy in 2001-2002 was probably due to a peak occurred in 2000 among the whole military; it is therefore unrelated to deployment in the Balkans, and probably represents a chance event...
September 2011: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
Prateek K Gupta, Russell B Smith, Himani Gupta, R Armour Forse, Xiang Fang, William M Lydiatt
BACKGROUND: Previous reports on postoperative outcomes following thyroid and parathyroid surgery are limited by relatively small sample size. We report 30-day outcomes following thyroid and parathyroid surgery and analyze factors affecting length of stay (LOS) and postoperative adverse events (AEs). METHODS: The multicenter, prospective, National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) datasets (2007/2008) were used. Multivariable logistic regression and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) were performed...
April 2012: Head & Neck
Alan R Gaby
Evidence is presented that many people have hypothyroidism undetected by conventional laboratory thyroid-function tests, and cases are reported to support the empirical use of Armour thyroid. Clinical evaluation can identify individuals with sub-laboratory hypothyroidism who are likely to benefit from thyroid-replacement therapy. In a significant proportion of cases, treatment with thyroid hormone has resulted in marked improvement in chronic symptoms that had failed to respond to a wide array of conventional and alternative treatments...
June 2004: Alternative Medicine Review: a Journal of Clinical Therapeutic
Arnold J. Friedhoff, Jeannette C. Miller, Mary Armour, Jack W. Schweitzer, Sandhya Mohan
Few studies have addressed the role of biochemicals of maternal origin on fetal neurodevelopment and behavioural outcome. Thyroid deficiency in the thyroidectomized pregnant rat provides an excellent model to study fetal effects of maternal chemistry, as this condition is known to be associated with deficits in motor and cognitive behaviour in human offspring. Based on evidence that thyroid hormone of maternal origin may be an important determinant in regulating these behaviours, we assessed neurobehaviours and regional brain biogenic amine levels in offspring of rats thyroidectomized (Tx) prior to conception...
June 2000: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
J Robbins
Before the induction of a brief period of hypothyroidism became the standard method for inducing 131I uptake in thyroid cancer diagnosis and therapy, several other methods were explored and used. At the dawn of this new era of recombinant human thyrotropin (TSH) it is of interest to reflect briefly on some of this work. Partially purified bovine TSH (bTSH) was supplied for many years by the Armour Company as Thytropar for intramuscular injection and was first used in thyroid cancer 50 years ago at the Montefiore Hospital and at the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York City...
May 1999: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
E Gausden, B Coyle, J A Armour, R Coffey, A Grossman, G R Fraser, R M Winter, M E Pembrey, P Kendall-Taylor, D Stephens, L M Luxon, P D Phelps, W Reardon, R Trembath
Pendred syndrome is the association between congenital sensorineural deafness and goitre. The disorder is characterised by the incomplete discharge of radioiodide from a primed thyroid following perchlorate challenge. However, the molecular basis of the association between hearing loss and a defect in organification of iodide remains unclear. Pendred syndrome is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait and has recently been mapped to 7q31 coincident with the non-syndromic deafness locus DFNB4. To define the critical linkage interval for Pendred syndrome we have studied five kindreds, each with members affected by Pendred syndrome...
February 1997: Journal of Medical Genetics
E Gausden, J A Armour, B Coyle, R Coffey, Z Hochberg, M Pembrey, K E Britton, A Grossman, W Reardon, R Trembath
OBJECTIVE: Pendred's syndrome is an association between congenital neurosensory deafness and goitre with abnormal discharge of iodide following perchlorate challenge, indicating a defect of iodide organification. Although Pendred's syndrome may cause up to 7.5% of all cases of congenital deafness, the molecular basis of the association between the hearing loss and the thyroid organification defect remains unknown. We chose to investigate the role of the thyroid peroxidase (TPO) gene as the genetic defect in Pendred's syndrome...
April 1996: Clinical Endocrinology
B Coyle, R Coffey, J A Armour, E Gausden, Z Hochberg, A Grossman, K Britton, M Pembrey, W Reardon, R Trembath
Inherited causes account for about 50% of individuals presenting with childhood (prelingual) hearing loss, of which 70% are due to mutation in numerous single genes which impair auditory function alone (non-syndromic). The remainder are associated with other developmental anomalies termed syndromic deafness. Genes responsible for syndromic forms of hearing loss include the COL4A5 gene in Alport syndrome and the PAX3 and MITF genes in Waardenburg syndrome. Pendred syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder associated with developmental abnormalities of the cochlea, sensorineural hearing loss and diffuse thyroid enlargement (goitre)...
April 1996: Nature Genetics
M S LeBoff, M M Kaplan, J E Silva, P R Larsen
We evaluated gastrointestinal absorption in normal subjects of T4 and T3 from synthetic T3 tablets (Cytomel, SKF), desiccated thyroid tablets (Armour), thyroglobulin tablets (Proloid, Warner-Chilcott) and synthetic L-T4 tablets (Synthroid, Flint and Levothroid, Armour). Measurements of serum T4 and T3 concentrations and free hormone indices were made at multiple times after tablet ingestion, and T3 content in tablets was measured by radioimmunoassay. The time to peak serum T3, and the 26 hr intergrated increment in serum T3, Corrected for the amount if T3 ingested, were not significantly different for 75 micrograms of synthetic T3, 6 grains of desiccated thyroid (containing 99 micrograms T3) and 5 grains of thyroglobulin (containing 90 micrograms T3), the mean integrated increment values for the biological preparations being within 12% of those for synthetic T3...
September 1982: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
L R Joshi, B D Weintraub
We have examined the interaction of certain forms of mouse (m) tumor and bovine (b) pituitary TSH with standard bTSH on the activation of adenylate cyclase in human thyroid membranes. Tumor extract, serum from tumor-bearing mice, culture medium from dispersed cell incubations, and two preparations of purified bTSH (Sigma and Pierce) were fractionated on Sephadex G-100 (1.2 X 200 cm). For each fraction, TSH bioactivity was measured by stimulation of adenylate cyclase activity in human thyroid membranes, and immunoactivity was determined by RIA...
December 1983: Endocrinology
J A Clements, J W Funder, K Tracy, F J Morgan, D J Campbell, P Lewis, M T Hearn
The expression of the proopiomelanocortin (POMC) gene by normal lung and thyroid was examined by measurement of the content of ACTH, beta-lipotropin (beta LPH), and beta-endorphin (beta EP) in porcine lung and thyroid tissue. Acid extracts of normal porcine lung and thyroid tissue each contained appreciable amounts of immunoreactive (ir) ACTH, ir-beta LPH, and ir-beta EP. The content of ir-beta LPH in both tissues exceeded by severalfold, on a molar basis, the content of ir-ACTH and ir-beta EP, suggesting that the common precursor POMC was processed predominantly to peptides other than ir-ACTH and ir-beta EP...
December 1982: Endocrinology
S P Bidey, K Ryder, R Gaines-Das, N J Marshall, R P Ekins
A clonal strain of thyrotrophin (TSH)-dependent rat thyroid cells (FRTL-5) has been used to evaluate the biological activity of reference preparations of both human and bovine TSH. Using the accumulation of intracellular cyclic AMP as a response parameter, the widely used bovine TSH preparation. Armour 'Thytropar', was calibrated against the First International Standard of Thyrotrophin (pituitary TSH), bovine, for immunoassay. Log dose - log response curves were parallel, and a relative potency of 2.4 IU/unit of 'Thytropar' was obtained...
August 1984: Acta Endocrinologica
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 3, 1966: Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics
F Mourot, R Lamarque, G Gillardeau, M Gruvel, B Zaghet
High-frequency jet-ventilation (HFJV) was applied to 30 patients undergoing vertical partial surgery of the larynx for carcinoma of the vocal cords. This technique gave good surgical conditions as it interfered little with the air-ducts. It was carried out with a catheter of only 3 mm external diameter; control of ventilation during surgery was adequate, the average PaO2 being 27.9 +/- 5.6 kPa (209.3 +/- 4.2 mmHg) and the average PaCO2 5.4 +/- 1.4 kPa (40.5 +/- 10.5 mmHg). It avoided also the need for a tracheotomy...
1986: Annales Françaises D'anesthèsie et de Rèanimation
J V Hennessey, J E Evaul, Y C Tseng, K D Burman, L Wartofsky
Traditional L-thyroxine dosing formulas may overestimate the thyroid hormone requirement in patients treated with contemporary L-thyroxine preparations. We did clinical and laboratory assessments of 41 patients treated in successive periods with Levothroid (Armour Pharmaceuticals, Kankakee, Illinois) and Synthroid (Flint Division, Travenol Laboratories, Morton Grove, Illinois), obtaining 87 sets of data. Clinical subgroups were defined on the basis of the thyrotrophin response to thyrotrophin-releasing hormone...
July 1986: Annals of Internal Medicine
R W Rees-Jones, P R Larsen
Triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) were measured by radioimmunoassay in Pronase hydrolysates of four lots each of 1- and 2-grain tablets of desiccated thyroid (Thyroid, Armour) and thyroglobulin (Proloid, Warner-Chilcott). The methodology used was verified by studies of tablets containing known quantities of T4 and T3. One grain of desiccated thyroid contained 12 +/- 1 and 64 +/- 3 microgram (mean +/- SD) of T3 and T4 per tablet, respectively (T4/T3 molar ratio, 4.3). A 1-grain tablet of thyroglobulin contained 16 +/- 2 and 55 +/- 5 microgram of T3 and T4, respectively with a T4/T3 ratio of 2...
November 1977: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
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