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Ruiyang Xiao, Lingwei Gao, Zongsu Wei, Richard Spinney, Shuang Luo, Donghong Wang, Dionysios D Dionysiou, Chong-Jian Tang, Weichun Yang
Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) based on formation of free radicals at ambient temperature and pressure are effective for treating endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) in waters. In this study, we systematically investigated the degradation kinetics of bisphenol A (BPA), a representative EDC by hydroxyl radical (OH) with a combination of experimental and theoretical approaches. The second-order rate constant (k) of BPA with OH was experimentally determined to be 7.2 ± 0.34 × 10(9) M(-1) s(-1) at pH 7...
September 13, 2017: Environmental Pollution
Qian Yang, Xiaqing Wu, Hailong Peng, Longwen Fu, Xingliang Song, Jinhua Li, Hua Xiong, Lingxin Chen
A novel recognition element of molecularly imprinted films (MIFs) was synthesized by wet phase inversion (WPI) on the surface of Ti/TiO2 electrode for highly selective and sensitive electrochemical detection of bisphenol A (BPA). The Ti/TiO2/MIFs sensor was constructed by casting the precursor poly(acrylonitrile-co-acrylic acid) (p(AN-co-AA)) in dimethyl sulfoxide containing template molecule BPA onto the electrode and then immersing into water, resulting in simultaneous p(AN-co-AA) precipitation and BPA imprinting via the facile WPI...
January 1, 2018: Talanta
Amir Zada, Yang Qu, Sharafat Ali, Ning Sun, Hongwei Lu, Rui Yan, Xuliang Zhang, Liqiang Jing
It has been clearly demonstrated that the visible-light photocatalytic activities of g-C3N4 (CN) for degrading 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) and bisphenol A (BPA) could be improved by fabricating nanocomposites with a proper amount of nanocrystalline anatase TiO2. Interestingly, the visible-light activities of the amount-optimized nanocomposite could be further improved after decorating Au nanoparticles, with 5.11- and 3.1-time improvement respectively for 2,4-DCP and BPA compared to that of CN, even much higher than that of P25 TiO2 under UV-vis irradiation...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Ondrej Zenata, Zdenek Dvorak, Radim Vrzal
Bisphenol S (BPS) is heat-stable structural analog of bisphenol A (BPA), a known endocrine disruptor. Due to the effort to replace BPA with BPS, it is essential to know if BPS is suitable non-toxic replacement without reported deleterious effects of BPA. Since most of the BPA effects are ascribed to its ability to activate nuclear receptors, we screened some prominent members of this family in order to confirm or refute some recent findings. We found that BPS insignificantly activated aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) in reporter gene assay and no induction of AhR target gene CYP1A1 was observed in human hepatocytes (HH)...
September 12, 2017: Toxicology Letters
Shin-Ichi Naya, Junpei Yamauchi, Takashi Okubo, Hiroaki Tada
The establishment of the technology for rapidly and completely remove and mineralize harmful phenolic compounds from water is of great importance for environmental conservation. Visible-light irradiation ( > 430 nm, light intensity integrated from 420 to 485 nm = 6.0 mW cm-2) of Au nanoparticle (NP)-loaded TiO2 (Au/TiO2) in dilute aqueous solutions of bisphenol A (BPA) and p-cresol (PC) causes degradation of the phenols. The addition of trimethylstearylammonium chloride (C18TAC) enhances the adsorption of BPA on Au/TiO2 to greatly increase the rate of reaction...
September 15, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Xiaowen Gong, Hui Xie, Xiaoyong Li, Ji Wu, Yi Lin
Bisphenol A (BPA) is widely used as an industrial plasticizer, which is also an endocrine disruptor and considered to have adverse effects on reproduction. In male mammals, the long-term production of billions of spermatozoa relies on the regulated proliferation and differentiation of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs). However, little is known about the effects of BPA on the viability of SSCs. To investigate the influence of BPA exposure on SSCs in vitro, we isolated SSCs from mouse and successfully established in vitro propagation of SSCs...
September 1, 2017: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Sadia Shaukat, Shabnam Hamid, Faiza Umbreen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of soyabean oil supplementation on perivascular inflammation in lungs of adult mice induced by Bisphenol A(BPA). STUDY DESIGN: An experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Anatomy, Army Medical College, Rawalpindi, in collaboration with the Animal House, National Institute of Health, Islamabad, from June to November 2016. METHODOLOGY: Thirty male and female BALB/c mice were divided into three groups, of 10 animals each...
August 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Amanda Kasneci, Jun Seong Lee, Tae Jin Yun, Jijun Shang, Shaun Lampen, Tamar Gomolin, Cheolho C Cheong, Lorraine E Chalifour
Bisphenol A (BPA) leaches from plastics to contaminate foodstuffs. Analogs, such as bisphenol S (BPS), are now used increasingly in manufacturing. Greater BPA exposure has been correlated with exacerbation of cardiovascular disease, including myocardial infarction (MI). To test the hypothesis that bisphenol exposure impairs cardiac healing, we exposed C57bl/6n mice to water containing 25ng/ml BPA or BPS from conception and surgically induced an MI in adult male progeny. Increased early death and cardiac dilation, and reduced cardiac function were found post-MI in BPA- and BPS-exposed mice...
September 1, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
Qingxiang Zhou, Yuqin Wang, Junping Xiao, Huili Fan
In this study, we fabricated a novel material composed of magnetic graphene oxide incorporated Fe3O4@polyaniline (Fe3O4@PANI-GO) using a modified Hummers' method, solvothermal, and two-step polymerisation method. The resulting products were characterised by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The results indicated that magnetic Fe3O4@PANI particles were successfully loaded onto the surface of the graphene oxide. Further Fe3O4@PANI-GO was investigated to remove bisphenol A(BPA), α-naphthol, and t-octyl-phenol (t-OP) from water samples by magnetic solid phase extraction...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
Yu Min Lee, Yun-Chul Hong, Mina Ha, Yangho Kim, Hyesook Park, Hae Soon Kim, Eun-Hee Ha
We aimed to evaluate the effects of Bisphenol-A (BPA) exposure on fetal/child growth from the fetal period to 72months after birth. The MOCEH study is a prospective birth cohort study in Korea. A total of 788 mother-child pairs in the third trimester and 366 pairs in the neonatal period who completed BPA assessment and fetal/children growth outcomes were included. BPA assessments were conducted twice in the third trimester using maternal urines and the neonatal period using neonatal urines. Fetal femur length was measured with ultrasound, and estimated-fetal-weight was calculated...
September 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Cheryl S Rosenfeld, Nancy D Denslow, Edward F Orlando, Juan Manuel Gutierrez-Villagomez, Vance L Trudeau
In vertebrates, sexual differentiation of the reproductive system and brain is tightly orchestrated by organizational and activational effects of endogenous hormones. In mammals and birds, the organizational period is typified by a surge of sex hormones during differentiation of specific neural circuits; whereas activational effects are dependent upon later increases in these same hormones at sexual maturation. Depending on the reproductive organ or brain region, initial programming events may be modulated by androgens or require conversion of androgens to estrogens...
2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
Mao Mao, Jian-Bo Wang, Xiu-Lin Liu, Guo-Hua Wu, Xia-Qin Fang, Qin-Hua Song
A series of organic dyes based on quinoline as an electron-deficient π-linker, were designed and synthesized for dye sensitized solar cells (DSSC) application. These push-pull conjugated dyes, sharing same anchoring group with distinctive electron-rich donating groups such as N,N-diethyl (DEA-Q), 3,6-dimethoxy carbazole (CBZ-Q), bis(4-butoxyphenyl)amine (BPA-Q), were synthesized by Riley oxidation of CH3 followed by Knoevenagel condensation of the corresponding aldehyde precursors 2a-c with cyanoacrylic acid...
September 4, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Michał Rąpała, Bartosz Pluciński, Paweł Jedynak
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a widely used chemical, that can potentially be toxic to plants. In this study we examined the toxicity of 5-50 mg/l of BPA on Arabidopsis thaliana. Additionally, the effects of 0.5-5 mg/l of BPA were examined after four weeks of development. BPA had no effect on the germination rate and the chlorophyll a/b ratio. The chlorophyll a and carotenoid content was significantly elevated in seedlings treated with 5 mg/l of BPA. In 4-week-old plants there was no change in the chlorophyll and carotenoid content and photosynthetic parameters (Fv/Fm, Fv/F0 and PI) were unaffected, which suggests no photoinhibition...
2017: Acta Biochimica Polonica
Alberto Leonardi, Marta Cofini, Donato Rigante, Laura Lucchetti, Clelia Cipolla, Laura Penta, Susanna Esposito
Many scientific studies have revealed a trend towards an earlier onset of puberty and have disclosed an increasing number of children that display precocious puberty. As an explanation, some authors have considered the global socio-economic improvement across different populations, and other authors have considered the action of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs). Among these, bisphenol A (BPA), an aromatic compound largely used worldwide as a precursor of some plastics and chemical additives, is well known for its molecular oestrogen-like and obesogenic actions...
September 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Shuo Li, Guangshan Zhang, Heshan Zheng, Yongjie Zheng, Peng Wang
Stable catalysts require high catalytic efficiency and repeated consecutive use, low mass loss, and metal leaching. This study investigated BiFeO3 (BFO) composite with high stability and reusability using a one step microwave-assisted hydrothermal method (MAHS) to decompose bisphenol A (BPA) used as the target contaminant. After six consecutive reaction cycles in microwave-enhanced Fenton-like process (MW-Fenton-like), the removal rate of BPA decreased from 94 to 87.4% with low metal leaching ratio and mass loss...
September 10, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Shirish M Bapat, Chanchal Singh, Prashant Bandejiya
AIM: The aim of this study is to present a case of large maxillary median diastema closed by bodily movement of central incisors using Bapat power arm (BPA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: After extraction of mesiodens, a power chain with a force of 120 gm was applied to BPA ligated to preadjusted edgewise brackets bonded to maxillary central incisors to move them over round steel wire for closure of resultant diastema. Bonded retainer was placed after the closure of median diastema...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Sheryl E Arambula, Joelle Fuchs, Jinyan Cao, Heather B Patisaul
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a high volume endocrine disrupting chemical found in a wide variety of products including plastics and epoxy resins. Human exposure is nearly ubiquitous, and higher in children than adults. Because BPA has been reported to interfere with sex steroid hormone signaling, there is concern that developmental exposure, even at levels below the current FDA No Observed Adverse Effect Level (NOAEL) of 5mg/kg body weight (bw)/day, can disrupt brain sexual differentiation. The current studies were conducted as part of the CLARITY-BPA (Consortium Linking Academic and Regulatory Insights on BPA Toxicity) program and tested the hypothesis that perinatal BPA exposure would induce morphological changes in hormone sensitive, sexually dimorphic brain regions...
September 7, 2017: Neurotoxicology
Siping Niu, Cunliang Zhang
The occurrence and environmental risk of eight endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs), namely dimethyl phthalate (DMP), diethyl phthalate (DEP), benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP), dibutyl phthalate (DBP), nonyl phenol (NP), bisphenol A (BPA), 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2) and estrone (E1), from four water sources (Pingshantou, Wanfenggang, Shisi, and Shiyi) of Huai River (Huainan section) were investigated in this study. Except for DMP only found in Pingshantou, all of the selected EDCs existed widely in the source water...
September 9, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Yingying Zhang, Yongjing Guan, Xiaoteng Fan, Lang Wu, Zaizhao Wang
Vitellogenins (Vtgs) are major precursor of the egg-yolk proteins. They are synthesized in liver of adult female ovipara, but normally silent in males. For their sensitive response to estrogen, Vtgs are usually used as biomarkers for environmental estrogenic compounds. In the present study, three vtg subtypes (vtg1, vtg2 and vtg3) were proved to present in the testis of rare minnow Gobiocypris rarus for the first time. Immunohistochemistry result showed that Vtg proteins mainly deposit in spermatogonium and spermatocytes...
September 7, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Maky Ideta-Otsuka, Katsuhide Igarashi, Minoru Narita, Yoko Hirabayashi
As of 2017, chemical substances registered in Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) exceed 100 million, which is increasing yearly. The safety of chemical substances is adequately managed by regulations based on scientific information from toxicity tests. However, there are substances reported to have "biological effects" even though they are judged to be nontoxic in conventional toxicity tests. Therefore, it is necessary to consider a new concept on toxicity, "epigenetic toxicity". In this review, we explain about epigenetic toxicity using bisphenol A (BPA) and valproic acid (VPA) as examples...
September 6, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
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