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Qi-Dong Ye, Hui Jiang, Xue-Lian Liao, Kai Chen, Shan-Shan Li
In the present study, we sought to define genes associated with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). Microarray analysis revealed that of 1002 genes associated with ITP, 309 genes had downregulated expression and 693 genes had upregulated expression in patients with ITP. Gene set enrichment analysis revealed that 11 pathways were positively correlated to ITP, such as type I diabetes mellitus, intestinal immune network for IgA production, and oxidative phosphorylation. The messenger RNA expression levels of the indicated genes, including HLA-DRB5, IGHV3-66, IFI27, FAM212A, PLD5, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interferon-γ, interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-4, were significantly increased in patients with ITP compared with healthy humans, while MMP8, SLC1A3, CRISP3, THBS1, FMN1, and IL-10 were decreased...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Biomolecular Screening
Antonio Salas, Guillermo Marco-Puche, Juan Carlos Triviño, Alberto Gómez-Carballa, Miriam Cebey-López, Irene Rivero-Calle, Lucía Vilanova-Trillo, Carmen Rodríguez-Tenreiro, José Gómez-Rial, Federico Martinón-Torres
The mechanisms of rotavirus (RV) infection have been analyzed from different angles but the way in which RV modifies the transcriptome of the host is still unknown. Whole transcriptome shotgun sequencing of peripheral blood samples was used to reveal patterns of expression from the genome of RV-infected patients. RV provokes global changes in the transcriptome of infected cells, involving an over-expression of genes involved in cell cycle and chromatin condensation. While interferon IFI27 was hyper-activated, interferon type II was not suggesting that RV has developed mechanisms to evade the innate response by host cells after virus infection...
October 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Peng-Fei Bing, Wei Xia, Lan Wang, Yong-Hong Zhang, Shu-Feng Lei, Fei-Yan Deng
OBJECTIVE: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a complex auto-immune disease. Gene expression studies have been conducted to identify SLE-related genes in various types of samples. It is unknown whether there are common marker genes significant for SLE but independent of sample types, which may have potentials for follow-up translational research. The aim of this study is to identify common marker genes across various sample types for SLE. METHODS: Based on four public microarray gene expression datasets for SLE covering three representative types of blood-born samples (monocyte; peripheral blood mononuclear cell, PBMC; whole blood), we utilized three statistics (fold-change, FC; t-test p value; false discovery rate adjusted p value) to scrutinize genes simultaneously regulated with SLE across various sample types...
2016: PloS One
Shikha Shrivastava, Eric G Meissner, Emily Funk, Seerat Poonia, Virender Shokeen, Arun Thakur, Bhawna Poonia, Shiv Kumar Sarin, Nirupma Trehanpati, Shyamasundaran Kottilil
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: HCV GT-3 has a more pronounced effect on hepatic steatosis and host lipids than other HCV genotypes and is proving less responsive to all oral interferon-free treatment with direct acting antiviral agents. As both HCV GT3 infection and NASH can result in steatosis and cirrhosis, we asked whether hepatic transcriptional profiles reflective of the host response to inflammation differed based on the etiology of injury. METHODS: Hepatic gene expression was determined for 48 pre-selected genes known to be associated with hepatic interferon signaling and lipid metabolic pathways in treatment-naïve HCV GT-3 (n = 9) and NASH (n = 14) patients...
May 18, 2016: Hepatology International
Jingshu Zhang, Daniel Man-Yuen Sze, Benjamin Yat-Ming Yung, Petrus Tang, Wei-June Chen, Kwok-Hung Chan, Polly Hang-Mei Leung
Dengue virus (DENV) infection is an emerging public health hazard threatening inhabitants of the tropics and sub-tropics. Dendritic cells (DCs) are one of the major targets of DENV and the initiators of the innate immune response against the virus. However, current in vitro research on the DENV-DC interaction is hampered by the low availability of ex vivo DCs and donor variation. In the current study, we attempted to develop a novel in vitro DC model using immature DCs derived from the myeloid leukaemia cell line MUTZ-3 (IMDCs) to investigate the DENV-DC interaction...
August 2016: Immunology
Yasuyuki Nagasawa, Daisuke Okuzaki, Eri Muso, Ryohei Yamamoto, Maki Shinzawa, Yukako Iwasaki, Hirotsugu Iwatani, Takeshi Nakanishi, Yoshitaka Isaka, Hiroshi Nojima
Diagnosis of chronic glomerulonephritis (CGN) depends primarily on renal biopsy, which is expensive and requires hospitalization, creating a demand for noninvasive diagnostic method for this disease. We used DNA microarray analysis to search for genes whose expression levels in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) could distinguish between patients with CGN and healthy volunteers (HVs). We selected immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) and membranous nephropathy (MN) as typical forms of CGN. The mRNA level of the gene encoding interferon (IFN)-alpha-inducible protein 27, IFI27, which is preferentially expressed in podocytes of glomeruli, was lower in PBMCs of IgAN and MN patients than in those of HVs...
2016: PloS One
Areerat Kunanopparat, Nattiya Hirankarn, Chaivat Kittigul, Pisit Tangkijvanich, Ingorn Kimkong
BACKGROUND: Autophagy-related genes ATG4B, ATG7, and ATG12 have been identified to play a critical role in viral replication. However, these genes have yet to be identified in hepatitis B virus (HBV). OBJECTIVE: To characterise the role of ATG4B, ATG7, and ATG12 genes in HBV infection. METHODS: The mRNA expression was examined by quantitative real-time RT-PCR and Western blotting. Short hairpin RNA (shRNA) of the target gene was used to examine the function of the gene in HBV replication...
March 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
Donghao Shang, Tiandong Han, Xiuhong Xu, Yuting Liu
OBJECTIVE: The anti-neoplastic effects of decitabine, an inhibitor of DNA promoter methylation, are beneficial for the treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC); however, the mechanism of action of decitabine is unclear. We analyzed gene expression profiling and identified specific pathways altered by decitabine in RCC cells. METHODS: Four human RCC cell lines (ACHN, Caki-1, Caki-1, and A498) were used in this study; growth suppression of RCC cells by decitabine was analyzed using the WST-1 assay...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology
Chike F Oguejiofor, Zhangrui Cheng, Ayimuguli Abudureyimu, Olivia L Anstaett, Joe Brownlie, Ali A Fouladi-Nashta, D Claire Wathes
Infection with noncytopathic bovine viral diarrhea virus (ncpBVDV) is associated with uterine disease and infertility. This study investigated the influence of ncpBVDV on immune functions of the bovine endometrium by testing the response to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Primary cultures of mixed epithelial and stromal cells were divided into four treatment groups (control [CONT], BVDV, CONT+LPS, and BVDV+LPS) and infected with ncpBVDV for 4 days followed by treatment with LPS for 6 h. Whole-transcriptomic gene expression was measured followed by Ingenuity Pathway Analysis...
October 2015: Biology of Reproduction
Muhammad Atif Zahoor, Guangai Xue, Hirotaka Sato, Yoko Aida
Dendritic cells (DCs) are potent antigen-presenting cells (APCs) that directly link the innate and adaptive immune responses. HIV-1 infection of DCs leads to a diverse array of changes in gene expression and play a major role in dissemination of the virus into T-cells. Although HIV-1 Vpr is a pleiotropic protein involved in HIV-1 replication and pathogenesis, its exact role in APCs such as DCs remains elusive. In this study, utilizing a microarray-based systemic biology approach, we found that HIV-1 Vpr differentially regulates (fold change >2...
October 2, 2015: Virus Research
Krzysztof Domagalski, Małgorzata Pawłowska, Dorota Kozielewicz, Dorota Dybowska, Andrzej Tretyn, Waldemar Halota
The strong impact of interleukin 28B (IL28B) polymorphisms on sustained virological response (SVR) after peginterferon and ribavirin treatment in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) is well-known. We investigated IL28B variability and hepatic expression of IP10, IFI27, ISG15, and MX1 in CHC patients, the relation of each with their clinical characteristics, and how they associated with responses to combined therapy. Genotyping and gene expression analysis were conducted in a selected cohort of treatment-naïve patients who underwent interferon and ribavirin treatment...
2015: PloS One
Shan-Bu Xie, Xing-Xing He, Shu-Kun Yao
Matrine, one of the main extract components of Sophora flavescens, has been shown to exhibit inhibitory effects on some tumors through autophagy. However, the mechanism underlying the effect of matrine remains unclear. The cultured human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HepG2 and SMMC‑7721 were treated with matrine. Signal transduction and gene expression profile were determined. Matrine stimulated autophagy in SMMC‑7721 cells in a mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)-dependent manner, but in an mTOR-independent manner in HepG2 cells...
August 2015: International Journal of Oncology
W-L Hsieh, Y-H Huang, T-M Wang, Y-C Ming, C-N Tsai, J-H S Pang
OBJECTIVES: IFI27 is highly expressed in psoriatic lesions but its function has not been known. The present study aimed to explore its role in proliferation of epidermal keratinocytes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: IFI27 knockdown and over-expression in keratinocytes were used to compare their proliferation, by MTT assay, apoptosis (by annexin V binding) and cell cycle progression by flow cytometry. Formation of cyclin A/CDK1 complex was examined by a co-immunoprecipitaion method...
April 2015: Cell Proliferation
Sharmistha Chakraborty, Li Li, Vineshkumar Thidil Puliyappadamba, Gao Guo, Kimmo J Hatanpaa, Bruce Mickey, Rhonda F Souza, Peggy Vo, Joachim Herz, Mei-Ru Chen, David A Boothman, Tej K Pandita, David H Wang, Ganes C Sen, Amyn A Habib
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) overexpression plays an important oncogenic role in cancer. Regular EGFR protein levels are increased in cancer cells and the receptor then becomes constitutively active. However, downstream signals generated by constitutively activated EGFR are unknown. Here we report that the overexpressed EGFR oscillates between two distinct and mutually exclusive modes of signalling. Constitutive or non-canonical EGFR signalling activates the transcription factor IRF3 leading to expression of IFI27, IFIT1 and TRAIL...
2014: Nature Communications
Sean C Patro, Sharmistha Pal, Yingtao Bi, Kenneth Lynn, Karam C Mounzer, Jay R Kostman, Ramana V Davuluri, Luis J Montaner
UNLABELLED: Although monocytes and macrophages are targets of HIV-1-mediated immunopathology, the impact of high viremia on activation-induced monocyte apoptosis relative to monocyte and macrophage activation changes remains undetermined. In this study, we determined constitutive and oxidative stress-induced monocyte apoptosis in uninfected and HIV(+) individuals across a spectrum of viral loads (n = 35; range, 2,243 to 1,355,998 HIV-1 RNA copies/ml) and CD4 counts (range, 26 to 801 cells/mm(3))...
January 2015: Journal of Virology
Ling Wang, Zhi Q Yao, Jonathan P Moorman, Yanji Xu, Shunbin Ning
The lymphocyte-specific transcription factor Interferon (IFN) Regulatory Factor 4 (IRF4) is implicated in certain types of lymphoid and myeloid malignancies. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying its interactions with these malignancies are largely unknown. In this study, we have first profiled molecular signatures associated with IRF4 expression in associated cancers, by analyzing existing gene expression profiling datasets. Our results show that IRF4 is overexpressed in melanoma, in addition to previously reported contexts including leukemia, myeloma, and lymphoma, and that IRF4 is associated with a unique gene expression pattern in each context...
2014: PloS One
Muhammad Atif Zahoor, Guangai Xue, Hirotaka Sato, Tomoyuki Murakami, Shin-nosuke Takeshima, Yoko Aida
Macrophages act as reservoirs of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and play an important role in its transmission to other cells. HIV-1 Vpr is a multi-functional protein involved in HIV-1 replication and pathogenesis; however, its exact role in HIV-1-infected human macrophages remains poorly understood. In this study, we used a microarray approach to explore the effects of HIV-1 Vpr on the transcriptional profile of human monocyte-derived macrophages (MDMs). More than 500 genes, mainly those involved in the innate immune response, the type I interferon pathway, cytokine production, and signal transduction, were differentially regulated (fold change >2...
2014: PloS One
Barbara Schmaltz-Panneau, Amanda Cordova, Sophie Dhorne-Pollet, Christelle Hennequet-Antier, Sveltlana Uzbekova, Emmanuelle Martinot, Sarah Doret, Patrice Martin, Pascal Mermillod, Yann Locatelli
In mammals, the oviduct may participate to the regulation of early embryo development. In vitro co-culture of early bovine embryos with bovine oviduct epithelial cells (BOEC) has been largely used to mimic the maternal environment. However, the mechanisms of BOEC action have not been clearly elucidated yet. The aim of this study was to determine the response of BOEC cultures to the presence of developing bovine embryos. A 21,581-element bovine oligonucleotide array was used compare the gene expression profiles of confluent BOEC cultured for 8 days with or without embryos...
October 2014: Animal Reproduction Science
Shuqin Li, Yan Xie, Wei Zhang, Junfeng Gao, Man Wang, Guoxuan Zheng, Xing Yin, Hongping Xia, Xiang Tao
BACKGROUND: Interferon alpha-inducible protein 27 (IFI27) is an interferon alpha-inducible protein, which was found to be upregulated in some cancers, such as breast cancer, squamous cell carcinoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, and serous ovarian carcinoma. However, the role of IFI27 in ovarian cancer remains to be elucidated. This study was designed to investigate the role of IFI27 in ovarian cancer tumorigenicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of IFI27 was examined in ovarian cancer tissues and cell lines by real time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry...
January 2015: Journal of Surgical Research
Feng Zhang, Ying Qi, Tim J Harrison, Baobin Luo, Yan Zhou, Xiuhua Li, Aijing Song, Weijin Huang, Youchun Wang
The understanding of the interaction between hepatitis E virus (HEV) and its host cells has been impeded greatly by the absence of a cell culture system. In this study, an efficient cultivation method was developed in PLC/PRF/5 cells for HEV genotype 4 from the feces of monkeys infected experimentally. Compared to minimal essential medium (MEM), mixed Dulbecco's Modified Eagle's Medium (DMEM)/M199 improved the infection efficiency of HEV in PLC/PRF/5 cells. The incubation time and temperature were set at 6 hr and 40°C, respectively...
October 2014: Journal of Medical Virology
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