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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728407/effects-of-cooking-method-and-final-core-temperature-on-cooking-loss-lipid-oxidation-nucleotide-related-compounds-and-aroma-volatiles-of-hanwoo-brisket
#1
Dicky Tri Utama, Ki Ho Baek, Hae Seong Jeong, Seok Ki Yoon, Seon-Tea Joo, Sung Ki Lee
Objective: This study was performed to observe the effects of cooking method and final core temperature on cooking loss, lipid oxidation, aroma volatiles, nucleotide-related compounds and aroma volatiles of Hanwoo brisket (deep pectoralis). Methods: Deep pectoralis muscles (8.65% of crude fat) were obtained from three Hanwoo steer carcasses with 1+ quality grade. Samples were either oven-roasted at 180°C (dry heat) or cooked in boiling water (moist heat) to final core temperature of 70°C (medium) or 77°C (well-done)...
July 6, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728406/early-weaning-of-calves-after-different-dietary-regimens-affects-later-rumen-development-growth-and-carcass-traits-in-hanwoo-cattle
#2
Kondreddy Eswar Reddy, JinYoung Jeong, Youl-Chang Baek, Young Kyun Oh, Minseok Kim, Kyung Min So, Min Ji Kim, Dong Woon Kim, Sung Kwon Park, Hyun-Jeong Lee
Objective: The main objective of this study was to determine the effect of different diets for early-weaned (EW) calves on rumen development, and how this affects fat deposition in the longissimus dorsi of adult Korean Hanwoo beef cattle. Methods: Three EW groups were established (each n = 12) in which two- week-old Hanwoo calves were fed for ten weeks with milk replacer + concentrate (T1), milk replacer + concentrate + roughage (T2), or milk replacer + concentrate + 30% starch (T3); a control group (n = 12) was weaned as normal...
July 6, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728400/studies-on-meat-color-myoglobin-content-enzyme-activities-and-genes-associated-with-oxidative-potential-of-pigs-slaughtered-at-different-growth-stages
#3
Qin Ping Yu, Ding Yuan Feng, Juan Xiao, Fan Wu, Xiao Jun He, Min Hao Xia, Tao Dong, Yi Hua Liu, Hui Ze Tan, Shi Geng Zou, Tao Zheng, Xian Hua Ou, Jian Jun Zuo
Objective: This experiment was conducted to investigate meat color, myoglobin (Mb) content, enzyme activities, and expression of genes associated with oxidative potential of pigs slaughtered at different growth stages. Methods: Sixty 4-week-old Duroc × Landrace × Yorkshire pigs were assigned to 6 replicate groups, each containing 10 pigs. One pig from each group was sacrificed at day 35, 63, 98, and 161 to isolate longissimus dorsi and triceps muscles. Results: Meat color scores were higher in pigs at 35 d than those at 63 d and 98 d (P < 0...
May 14, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728397/effects-of-dietary-valine-lysine-ratio-on-the-performance-amino-acid-composition-of-tissues-and-mrna-expression-of-genes-involved-in-branched-chain-amino-acid-metabolism-of-weaned-piglets
#4
Yetong Xu, Xiaokang Ma, Chunli Wang, Mingfeng Yuan, Xiangshu Piao
Objective: The goal of this study was to investigate the effects of dietary standard ileal digestible (SID) valine:lysine ratios on performance, intestinal morphology, amino acids of liver and muscle, plasma indices and mRNA expression of branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) metabolism enzymes. Methods: A total of 144 crossbred pigs (Duroc × Landrace × Large White) weaned at 28 ± 4 days of age (8.79 ± 0.02 kg body weight) were randomly allotted to 1 of 4 diets formulated to provide SID valine: lysine ratios of 50, 60, 70 or 80%...
May 14, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728396/characterization-and-functional-inferences-of-a-genome-wide-dna-methylation-profile-in-the-loin-longissimus-dorsi-muscle-of-swine
#5
Woonsu Kim, Hyesun Park, Kang-Seok Seo, Seongwon Seo
Objective: DNA methylation plays a major role in regulating the expression of genes related to traits of economic interest (e.g., weight gain) in livestock animals. This study characterized and investigated the functional inferences of genome-wide DNA methylome in the loin (longissimus dorsi) muscle (LDM) of swine. Methods: A total of 8.99 Gb methylated DNA immunoprecipitation sequence data were obtained from LDM samples of eight Duroc pigs (four pairs of littermates)...
May 14, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728385/effects-of-dietary-energy-sources-on-early-postmortem-muscle-metabolism-of-finishing-pigs
#6
Yanjiao Li, Changning Yu, Jiaolong Li, Lin Zhang, Feng Gao, Guanghong Zhou
Objective: This study investigated the effects of different dietary energy sources on early postmortem muscle metabolism of finishing pigs. Methods: Seventy-two barrow (Duroc × Landrace × Yorkshire, DLY) pigs (65.0 ± 2.0 kg) were allotted to three iso-energetic and iso-nitrogenous diets: A (44.1% starch, 5.9% crude fat and 12.6% neutral detergent fibre (NDF)), B (37.6% starch, 9.5% crude fat and 15.4% NDF) or C (30.9% starch, 14.3% crude fat and 17.8% NDF). After the duration of 28-day feeding experiment, 24 pigs (eight per treatment) were slaughtered and the M...
June 26, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728382/effects-of-a-traditional-chinese-medicine-formula-and-its-extraction-on-muscle-fiber-characteristics-in-finishing-pigs-porcine-cell-proliferation-and-isoforms-of-myosin-heavy-chain-gene-expression-in-myocytes
#7
Qin Ping Yu, Ding Yuan Feng, Xiao Jun He, Fan Wu, Min Hao Xia, Tao Dong, Yi Hua Liu, Hui Ze Tan, Shi Geng Zou, Tao Zheng, Xian Hua Ou, Jian Jun Zou
Objective: This study evaluated the effects of a traditional Chinese medicine formula (TCMF) on muscle fiber characteristics in finishing pigs and the effects of the formula's extract (distilled water, ethyl acetate and petroleum ether extraction) on porcine cell proliferation and isoforms of MyHC gene expression in myocytes. Methods: XThe psoas major muscle was obtained from pigs at the end of the experiment. Muscle fiber characteristics in the psoas major muscle were analyzed using myosin ATPase staining...
June 26, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728381/blood-haematology-muscle-ph-and-serum-cortisol-changes-in-pigs-with-different-levels-of-drip-loss
#8
Nunyarat Koomkrong, Chaiwat Boonkaewwan, Watchara Laenoi, Autchara Kayan
Objective: An experiment was conducted to study the blood haematology, muscle pH and serum cortisol changes in pigs with different levels of drip loss. Methods: Two groups (low and high) of 20 animals were selected from 100 pigs based on drip loss. All [Duroc × (Large White × Landrace)] pigs were slaughtered according to standard slaughtering procedures. At exsanguinations, blood samples were taken for the haematological parameters and serum cortisol analysis...
June 26, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728374/analysis-of-metabolomic-patterns-in-thoroughbreds-before-and-after-exercise
#9
Hyun-Jun Jang, Duk-Moon Kim, Kyu-Bong Kim, Jeong-Woong Park, Jae-Young Choi, Jin Hyeog Oh, Ki-Duk Song, Suhkmann Kim, Byung-Wook Cho
Objective: Evaluation of exercise effects in racehorse is important in horseracing industry and animal health care. In this study, we compared metabolic patterns between before and after exercise to screen metabolic biomarkers for exercise effects in thoroughbreds. Methods: The concentration of metabolites in muscle, plasma, and urine was measured by 1H NMR spectroscopy analysis and the relative metabolite levels in the three samples were compared between before and after exercise...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728368/assessment-of-frozen-storage-duration-effect-on-quality-characteristics-of-various-horsemeat-muscles
#10
Pil Nam Seong, Hyun Woo Seo, Jin Hyoung Kim, Soo Hyun Cho, Yoon Seok Kim, Beom Young Park, Hoa Van Ba
Objective: The study aimed at assessing the effects of frozen storage duration on quality characteristics, lipid oxidation and sensory quality of various horse muscles. Methods: Five representative muscles: longissimus dorsi (LD), gluteus medius (GM), semimembranosus (SM), biceps femoris (BF) and triceps brachii (TB) at 24 h post-mortem obtained from 28-mo-old Jeju female breed horses (n=8) were used in the present investigation. The muscles were vacuum-packaged and frozen at -20oC for 120, 240 and 360 days...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728367/comparative-analysis-on-genome-wide-dna-methylation-in-longissimus-dorsi-muscle-between-small-tailed-han-and-dorper-%C3%A3-small-tailed-han-crossbred-sheep
#11
Yang Cao, Hai-Guo Jin, Hui-Hai Ma, Zhihui Zhao
Objective: The objective of this study was to compare the DNA methylation profile in the longissimus dorsi muscle (LDM) between Small Tailed Han and Dorper × Small Tailed Han crossbred sheep which were known to exhibit significant difference in meat-production. Methods: Six samples were subjected to MeDIP-seq and subsequent bioinformatics analyses to detect differentially methylated regions (DMRs) between the two groups. Results: 23.08 Gb clean data from six samples were generated and 808 DMRs were identified in gene body or their neighboring up/downstream regions...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728357/effects-of-dietary-alfalfa-flavonoids-on-the-performance-meat-quality-and-lipid-oxidation-of-growing-rabbits
#12
Sihem Dabbou, Laura Gasco, Luca Rotolo, Luisa Pozzo, Jian Ming Tong, Xiao Fang Dong, Patrizia Rubiolo, Achille Schiavone, Francesco Gai
Objective: The present experiment has tested the effect of the dietary alfalfa flavonoids (AAF) supplementation on the productive performances, carcass characteristics,meat quality and lipid oxidation of growing rabbits. Methods: One hundred and sixty crossbred rabbits (42 days old) were divided into four groups of forty animals each and were fed either acontrol diet (AAF0) or an AAF0 diet supplemented with 400, 800 or 1200 mg of AAF/kg per diet (AAF4,AAF8 and AAF12, respectively) from weaning to slaughtering (102days old)...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728324/the-chicken-thigh-adductor-profundus-free-muscle-flap-a-novel-validated-non-living-microsurgery-simulation-training-model
#13
Georgios Pafitanis, Yasmine Serrar, Maria Raveendran, Ali Ghanem, Simon Myers
BACKGROUND: Simulation training is becoming an increasingly important component of skills acquisition in surgical specialties, including Plastic Surgery. Non-living simulation models have an established place in Plastic Surgical microsurgery training, and support the principles of replacement, reduction and refinement of animal use. A more sophisticated version of the basic chicken thigh microsurgery model has been developed to include dissection of a type 1-muscle flap and is described and validated here...
July 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728321/review-of-the-nomenclature-of-the-retaining-ligaments-of-the-cheek-frequently-confused-terminology
#14
Yeui Seok Seo, Jennifer Kim Song, Tae Suk Oh, Seong Ihl Kwon, Tanvaa Tansatit, Joo Heon Lee
Since the time of its inception within facial anatomy, wide variability in the terminology as well as the location and extent of retaining ligaments has resulted in confusion over nomenclature. Confusion over nomenclature also arises with regard to the subcutaneous ligamentous attachments, and in the anatomic location and extent described, particularly for zygomatic and masseteric ligaments. Certain historical terms-McGregor's patch, the platysma auricular ligament, parotid cutaneous ligament, platysma auricular fascia, temporoparotid fasica (Lore's fascia), anterior platysma-cutaneous ligament, and platysma cutaneous ligament-delineate retaining ligaments of related anatomic structures that have been conceptualized in various ways...
July 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728320/temple-and-postauricular-dissection-in-face-and-neck-lift-surgery
#15
Joo Heon Lee, Tae Suk Oh, Sung Wan Park, Jae Hoon Kim, Tanvaa Tansatit
Periauricular paresthesia may afflict patients for a significant amount of time after facelift surgery. When performing face and neck lift surgery, temple and posterior auricular flap dissection is undertaken directly over the auriculotemporal, great auricular, and lesser occipital nerve territory, leading to potential damage to the nerve. The auriculotemporal nerve remains under the thin outer superficial fascia just below the subfollicular level in the prehelical area. To prevent damage to the auriculotemporal nerve and to protect the temporal hair follicle, the dissection plane should be kept just above the thin fascia covering the auriculotemporal nerve...
July 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728303/-enhancing-soft-tissue-reattachment-with-artificial-mesh-in-joint-endoprosthetic-reconstruction-for-bone-tumors
#16
J S Lin, R Chen, W Yan, D D Chen
Objective: To investigate the operative method and clinical application of the BARD(®) Mesh in enhancing joint stability and function of endoprosthetic reconstruction for bone tumors. Methods: From Jan 2013 to Jun 2015, the clinical data of 51 patients aged (44.75±23.18) years underwent wide resection of tumor and endoprosthetic reconstruction using the BARD(®) Mesh were collected. Among them, 27 were male and 24 were female. The surgical treatments received by these patients included 5 shoulder arthroplasties, 12 elbow replacements, 12 hip replacements and 32 knee replacements (including 24 femoral tumors and 8 tibial tumors)...
July 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728251/-progress-of-dopamine-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome
#17
Z Y Song, H L Yi
The etiology and pathogenesis of sleep obstructive apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is not yet definitive, evidence shows that the dysfunction of pharyngeal nerve and the atonia of the muscle innervated by these nerve could play an important role in the progress of OSAHS. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter in the central nervous system which significantly affects the sleep-awake regulation. So far mounting evidence shows that dopamine has a potential role in the modulation of hypoglossal nucleus. The progress of dopamine in obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome is reviewed in this article...
July 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728078/femoral-head-necrosis-a-finite-element-analysis-of-common-and-novel-surgical-techniques
#18
Myriam Cilla, Sara Checa, Bernd Preininger, Tobias Winkler, Carsten Perka, Georg N Duda, Matthias Pumberger
BACKGROUND: Femoral head necrosis is a common cause of secondary osteoarthritis. At the early stages, treatment strategies are normally based on core decompression techniques, where the number, location and diameter of the drilling holes varies depending on the selected approach. The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk of femoral head, neck and subtrochanteric fracture following six different core decompression techniques. MATERIALS: Five common and a newly proposed techniques were analyzed in respect to their biomechanical consequences using finite element analysis...
July 6, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728077/comparison-of-spinal-stability-following-motor-control-and-general-exercises-in-nonspecific-chronic-low-back-pain-patients
#19
MohammadBagher Shamsi, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Aliashraf Jamshidi, Navid Arjmand, Farshid Ghezelbash
BACKGROUND: Motor control exercise was claimed to improve spinal stability in patients with chronic non-specific back pain, but to investigate the effectiveness of this exercise, other outcome measures have been used rather than spinal stability itself. The aim of our study is to assess motor control exercise effects on spinal stability using a biomechanical model. METHODS: Fifty-one patients were assigned to either motor control or general exercises. Before and after trainings, participants were tested for spinal stability at seven isometric tasks...
July 8, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728076/age-explains-limited-hip-extension-recovery-at-one-year-from-total-hip-arthroplasty
#20
Davide Mazzoli, Erika Giannotti, Maria Longhi, Paolo Prati, Stefano Masiero, Andrea Merlo
BACKGROUND: To investigate the dependency of the one-year recovery in gait after total hip arthroplasty on age and preoperative conditions. METHODS: Longitudinal retrospective study on 20 elderly patients with unilateral total hip arthroplasty consequent to hip osteoarthritis, assessed by gait analysis before surgery (T0), 2weeks (T1), 6 (T2) and 12months (T3) post-surgery. A set of variables assessing primary gait deviations and compensatory mechanisms were extracted from gait analysis data...
July 5, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
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