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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629605/ct-findings-in-11-patients-with-tafro-syndrome-a-variant-of-multicentric-castleman-s-disease
#1
T Kiguchi, C Sato, K Takai, Y Nakai, Y Kaneko, M Matsuki
AIM: To assess detailed computed tomography (CT) findings in patients with the recently described thrombocytopenia, anasarca, fever, reticulin fibrosis, and organomegaly (TAFRO) syndrome, in order to contribute to imaging interpretation in the challenging diagnosis of this disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The institutional review board approved this retrospective study and waived the need for informed consent. Eleven patients (six men, five women; mean age, 52.5 years) with confirmed TAFRO syndrome were included in this study...
June 16, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617968/diversity-of-human-herpesvirus-8-genotypes-in-patients-with-aids-and-non-aids-associated-kaposi-s-sarcoma-castleman-s-disease-and-primary-effusion-lymphoma-in-argentina
#2
Celeste Luján Pérez, Mónica I Tous
HHV-8 genotypes are distributed heterogeneously worldwide. The variable K1 gene and the conserved ORF26E region serve to genotype. The aim of the study was to characterize HHV-8 isolates from patients with AIDS, classical, and iatrogenic KS, primary effusion lymphoma and Castleman's disease and one organ donor from Argentina by analysis of ORFK1 and ORF26E regions. DNA was extracted from fresh or paraffin embedded biopsies, blood and saliva samples and submitted to HHV-8 PCR. Phylogenetic analyses of ORFK1 showed that subtypes C (C1, C2 and C3), B1 and A (A1, A2 and A3) were present in 70...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609772/lymphoproliferative-disorders-of-the-lung
#3
Raphaël Borie, Marie Wislez, Martine Antoine, Jacques Cadranel
This review aims to describe some of the most frequent lymphoproliferative disorders arising from the lung: pulmonary mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma, lymphomatoid granulomatosis (LG), multicentric Castleman disease (MCD), primary effusion lymphoma (PEL), and nodular lymphoid hyperplasia (NLH). Primary pulmonary lymphoma is defined as a clonal lymphoproliferative disorder affecting one or both lungs, without extrapulmonary involvement 3 months after diagnosis, and includes pulmonary MALT lymphoma and LG...
June 14, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609402/hiv-associated-kaposi-sarcoma-and-related-diseases
#4
Priscila H Gonçalves, Thomas S Uldrick, Robert Yarchoan
The search for the etiologic agent for Kaposi sarcoma (KS) led to the discovery of Kaposi sarcoma associated herpesvirus (KSHV) in 1994. KSHV, also called human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8) has since been shown to be the etiologic agent for several other tumors and diseases, including primary effusion lymphoma (PEL), an extracavitary variant of PEL, KSHV-associated diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, a form of multicentric Castleman disease (MCD), and KSHV inflammatory cytokine syndrome (KICS). KSHV encodes several genes that interfere with innate and specific immunity, thwart apoptosis, enhance cell proliferation and cytokine production, and promote angiogenesis, and these play important roles in the disease pathogenesis...
June 12, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607862/a-case-of-keloids-complicated-by-castleman-s-disease-interleukin-6-as-a-keloid-risk-factor
#5
Whitney L Quong, Yasuji Kozai, Rei Ogawa
Keloids are a manifestation of a fibroproliferative scarring disorder of the skin and develop in response to dermal injury in patients with a susceptible background. Local, systemic, and genetic factors contribute to keloid susceptibility. These factors include tension on the edges of the wound, hormonal influences, and ethnicity, respectively. Castleman's disease is a rare lymphoproliferative disorder that is characterized by the unregulated overproduction of interleukin-6, which leads to systemic lymphadenopathy and constitutional inflammatory symptoms...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600495/functional-dissection-of-human-targets-for-kshv-encoded-mirnas-using-network-analysis
#6
Yu Wang, Yun Lin, Yanzhi Guo, Xuemei Pu, Menglong Li
Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is the etiological agent of Kaposi's sarcoma, primary effusion lymphoma and multicentric Castleman's disease, etc. In this study, we firstly systematically constructed the KSHV-encoded miRNA-regulated co-expressed protein-protein interaction network (CePPIN), which display the biological knowledge regarding the mechanism of miRNA-regulated KSHV pathogenesis. Then, we investigated the topological parameters for the proteins in CePPIN, especially for those miRNA targets and we found that cellular target genes of KSHV-encoded miRNAs tend to be hubs and bottlenecks in the network...
June 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584844/castleman-disease-presenting-as-an-abdominal-mass
#7
Farnaz Shariati, Elizabeth Verter, Wendy Chang, Li Huang, Virendra Joshi
Unicentric Castleman disease is a rare condition of lymphoid hyperplasia, of which only 15% of cases occur in the abdomen. We report a 66-year-old man who presented with complaints of abdominal pain. Computed tomography scans revealed nephrolithiasis and a homogeneous calcified mass between the pancreas and stomach and several para-pancreatic nodes. Direct visualization during exploratory laparotomy revealed a mass on the lesser curvature of the stomach. Pyloromyotomy and mass resection were performed. Biopsy showed reactive lymphoid hyperplasia consistent with the hyaline vascular variant of Castleman disease...
2017: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580156/castleman-s-disease-with-tafro-syndrome-a-case-report-from-syria
#8
Sami Alhoulaiby, Basel Ahmad, Ali Alrstom, Mayssoun Kudsi
Castleman's disease is a rare disorder, yet a rarer newly described syndrome called TAFRO syndrome was discovered to accompany it. TAFRO represents the constellation of symptoms (Thrombocytopenia, Anasarca, MyeloFibrosis, Renal failure, Organomegaly). Most cases were described in Japan. We present the first case of TAFRO syndrome in Syria. A 58-year-old Caucasian male with no relevant history presented with fatigue, oliguria, decreased platelets, increased creatinine level, hepatosplenomegaly, ascites, pitting edema and lymph node enlargement...
June 2017: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548539/cd4-count-and-hiv-rna-trends-for-hiv-associated-lymphoproliferative-disorders-in-malawi
#9
Bongani Kaimila, Toon van der Gronde, Edwards Kasonkanji, Paula Fox, Maria Chikasema, Blessings Tewete, Satish Gopal
BACKGROUND: Given scarce data from sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), we sought to describe CD4 count and HIV RNA trends over time among patients with HIV+ lymphoproliferative disorders in Malawi. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled HIV+ individuals with pathologically confirmed lymphoproliferative disorders between 2013 and 2016. Chemotherapy was standardized with concurrent antiretroviral therapy (ART). We assessed CD4 count and HIV RNA at baseline and every 6 months for up to 2 years...
May 26, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540095/rituximab-monotherapy-in-the-management-of-a-rare-case-of-an-hiv-associated-lymphoproliferative-disorder
#10
Jason Hew, Fauzia Rana, Louise Zhou
Background. Castleman's disease (CD), also known as angiofollicular node hyperplasia, is a rare heterogenous lymphoproliferative disorder. This disease exists as two distinct entities: a localized or unicentric CD (UCD) which has a more benign clinical course and multicentric CD (MCD) which is a systemic disease and carries a worse prognosis. MCD is often associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and these patients are usually coinfected with human herpes virus-8 (HHV-8). Rituximab is an anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody that has become integral to the management of this disease...
2017: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532142/a-case-of-advanced-unicentric-retroperitoneal-castleman-s-disease-associated-with-psoriasis
#11
Mohammad Ali Mohagheghi, Ramesh Omranipur, Fereshteh Ensani, Alireza Ghannadan, Shahriar Shahriaran, Farhad Samiee, Zahra Sedighi
We present here a 32-year-old male with advanced lately diagnosed, right sided retroperitoneal mass, which had been already treated due to progressive muco-cutaneous lesions clinically consistent with psoriasis, during recent four years. The advanced retroperitoneal mass resected surgically and reported as hyaline-vascular castleman disease with a dense focus of coarse calcification, on histopathology. Association of psoriasis and castlman disease is discussed in this case report.
April 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528519/il-6-blockade-in-the-management-of-non-infectious-uveitis
#12
Giuseppe Lopalco, Claudia Fabiani, Jurgen Sota, Orso Maria Lucherini, Gian Marco Tosi, Bruno Frediani, Florenzo Iannone, Mauro Galeazzi, Rossella Franceschini, Donato Rigante, Luca Cantarini
Several pathogenetic studies have paved the way for a newer more rational therapeutic approach to non-infectious uveitis, and treatment of different forms of immune-driven uveitis has drastically evolved in recent years after the advent of biotechnological drugs. Tumor necrosis factor-α targeted therapies, the first-line recommended biologics in uveitis, have certainly led to remarkable results in patients with non-infectious uveitis. Nevertheless, the decision-making process turns out to be extremely difficult in anti-tumor necrosis factor or multidrug-resistant cases...
May 20, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527492/castleman-s-disease-in-the-paediatric-neck
#13
Cristina Marco Martin, Roberto Méndez Gallart, Carlos Aliste Santos, Máximo Francisco Fraga Rodriguez, Adolfo Bautista Casasnovas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2017: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515581/castleman-s-disease-a-rare-indication-for-endovascular-therapy-for-hemoptysis
#14
Mohammad A Husainy, Farhina Sayyed, Simon J McPherson
Castleman's disease (CD) is a rare lympho-proliferative disorder due to faulty immune regulation resulting in proliferation of lymphatic tissue. The vascular supply to these lesions have been reported to arise from the bronchial, internal mammary and the intercostal arteries. We report a case of hemoptysis secondary to intrathoracic CD with vascular supply arising from the left inferior phrenic artery which was successfully embolised with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) particles.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502946/two-cases-of-thrombocytopenia-anasarca-fever-reticulin-fibrosis-renal-failure-and-organomegaly-tafro-syndrome-with-high-serum-procalcitonin-levels-including-the-first-case-complicated-with-adrenal-hemorrhaging
#15
Mizuho Nara, Atsushi Komatsuda, Fumiko Itoh, Hajime Kaga, Masaya Saitoh, Masaru Togashi, Yoshihiro Kameoka, Hideki Wakui, Naoto Takahashi
Thrombocytopenia, Anasarca, Fever, Reticulin fibrosis/Renal failure, and Organomegaly (TAFRO) syndrome is a recently described systemic inflammatory disorder characterized by thrombocytopenia, anasarca, fever, reticulin fibrosis/renal failure, and organomegaly. It has an acute or subacute onset of unknown etiology, although some pathological features resemble those of multicentric Castleman disease. We here report two cases of TAFRO syndrome. The symptoms and pathological findings in these cases met the 2015 diagnostic criteria...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502522/human-herpesvirus-8-related-diseases-histopathologic-diagnosis-and-disease-mechanisms
#16
REVIEW
Matthew Auten, Annette S Kim, Kyle T Bradley, Flavia G Rosado
The emergence of HIV/AIDS more than three decades ago led to an increased incidence of diseases caused by HHV8 co-infection, particularly Kaposi sarcoma, primary effusion lymphoma, and multicentric Castleman disease. Over time, the development of highly effective AIDS therapies has resulted in a decreased incidence of HHV8-associated entities, which are now more commonly found in patients with undiagnosed and/or untreated AIDS. Due to their rarity, some of these diseases may be difficult to recognize without appropriate clinical information...
April 6, 2017: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501028/multicentric-castleman-disease-of-hyaline-vascular-variant-presenting-with-unusual-systemic-manifestations-a-case-report
#17
B M D B Basnayake, A W M Wazil, T Kannangara, N V I Ratnatunga, S Hewamana, A M Ameer
BACKGROUND: Castleman disease is a rare lymphoproliferative disorder presenting with localized or disseminated lymphadenopathy and systemic manifestations. It can be categorized in numerous ways, such as unicentric versus multicentric, histopathological variants (hyaline-vascular, plasma cell, and mixed), or subtypes based on causative viral infections (human immunodeficiency virus, human herpesvirus-8, or Kaposi sarcoma herpesvirus). Presentation ranges from asymptomatic to symptoms involving multiple organs...
May 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491324/giant-parathyroid-adenoma-differential-aspects-compared-to-parathyroid-carcinoma
#18
Marta Araujo Castro, Ainhoa Abad López, Luz Martín Fragueiro, Nuria Palacios García
The 85% of cases of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) are due to parathyroid adenomas (PA) and less than 1% to parathyroid carcinomas (PC). The PA usually measure <2 cm, weigh <1 g and generate a mild PHPT, whereas the PC usually exceeds these dimensions and are associated with a severe PHPT. However, giant PA (GPA), which is defined as those larger than 3 g, has been documented. Those may be associated with very high levels of PTH and calcium. In these cases, their differentiation before and after surgery with PC is very difficult...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486739/-castleman-s-disease-a-case-series-of-a-rare-lymphoproliferative-disease
#19
Ricarda Riepl, Thomas Karl Hoffmann, Jens Greve
Castleman's disease is a very rare and potentially severe lymphoproliferative disorder. First sign may be cervical lymphadenitis, requiring sufficient support in diagnosis and therapy by an ENT specialist. Based on a case series the current manuscript gives an overview of the symptoms, the course of disease and the therapy options. Patients with the first diagnosis of a Castleman's disease at the ENT clinic of Ulm University during the years 2011-2015 were included. The duration of symptoms, the applied diagnostic and therapeutic algorithms were evaluated...
May 9, 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481064/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-the-tumors-of-the-parotid-region-in-pediatrics-cohort
#20
R Oesterreich, J Udaquiola, P Lobos, J Moldes, D Liberto
INTRODUCTION: Parotid tumors are rare in children and usually have multiple differential diagnoses that require different diagnostic and treatment methods. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of all consecutive pediatric patients with parotid tumors that were treated in Pediatric Surgery Service of Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires. RESULTS: Twenty-two patients with parotid tumors were included and 72% (n=16) were female patients...
October 10, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
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