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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548539/cd4-count-and-hiv-rna-trends-for-hiv-associated-lymphoproliferative-disorders-in-malawi
#1
Bongani Kaimila, Toon van der Gronde, Edwards Kasonkanji, Paula Fox, Maria Chikasema, Blessings Tewete, Satish Gopal
BACKGROUND: Given scarce data from sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), we sought to describe CD4 count and HIV RNA trends over time among patients with HIV+ lymphoproliferative disorders in Malawi. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled HIV+ individuals with pathologically confirmed lymphoproliferative disorders between 2013 and 2016. Chemotherapy was standardized with concurrent antiretroviral therapy (ART). We assessed CD4 count and HIV RNA at baseline and every 6 months for up to 2 years...
May 26, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540095/rituximab-monotherapy-in-the-management-of-a-rare-case-of-an-hiv-associated-lymphoproliferative-disorder
#2
Jason Hew, Fauzia Rana, Louise Zhou
Background. Castleman's disease (CD), also known as angiofollicular node hyperplasia, is a rare heterogenous lymphoproliferative disorder. This disease exists as two distinct entities: a localized or unicentric CD (UCD) which has a more benign clinical course and multicentric CD (MCD) which is a systemic disease and carries a worse prognosis. MCD is often associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and these patients are usually coinfected with human herpes virus-8 (HHV-8). Rituximab is an anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody that has become integral to the management of this disease...
2017: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532142/a-case-of-advanced-unicentric-retroperitoneal-castleman-s-disease-associated-with-psoriasis
#3
Mohammad Ali Mohagheghi, Ramesh Omranipur, Fereshteh Ensani, Alireza Ghannadan, Shahriar Shahriaran, Farhad Samiee, Zahra Sedighi
We present here a 32-year-old male with advanced lately diagnosed, right sided retroperitoneal mass, which had been already treated due to progressive muco-cutaneous lesions clinically consistent with psoriasis, during recent four years. The advanced retroperitoneal mass resected surgically and reported as hyaline-vascular castleman disease with a dense focus of coarse calcification, on histopathology. Association of psoriasis and castlman disease is discussed in this case report.
April 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528519/il-6-blockade-in-the-management-of-non-infectious-uveitis
#4
Giuseppe Lopalco, Claudia Fabiani, Jurgen Sota, Orso Maria Lucherini, Gian Marco Tosi, Bruno Frediani, Florenzo Iannone, Mauro Galeazzi, Rossella Franceschini, Donato Rigante, Luca Cantarini
Several pathogenetic studies have paved the way for a newer more rational therapeutic approach to non-infectious uveitis, and treatment of different forms of immune-driven uveitis has drastically evolved in recent years after the advent of biotechnological drugs. Tumor necrosis factor-α targeted therapies, the first-line recommended biologics in uveitis, have certainly led to remarkable results in patients with non-infectious uveitis. Nevertheless, the decision-making process turns out to be extremely difficult in anti-tumor necrosis factor or multidrug-resistant cases...
May 20, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527492/castleman-s-disease-in-the-paediatric-neck
#5
Cristina Marco Martin, Roberto Méndez Gallart, Carlos Aliste Santos, Máximo Francisco Fraga Rodriguez, Adolfo Bautista Casasnovas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2017: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515581/castleman-s-disease-a-rare-indication-for-endovascular-therapy-for-hemoptysis
#6
Mohammad A Husainy, Farhina Sayyed, Simon J McPherson
Castleman's disease (CD) is a rare lympho-proliferative disorder due to faulty immune regulation resulting in proliferation of lymphatic tissue. The vascular supply to these lesions have been reported to arise from the bronchial, internal mammary and the intercostal arteries. We report a case of hemoptysis secondary to intrathoracic CD with vascular supply arising from the left inferior phrenic artery which was successfully embolised with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) particles.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502946/two-cases-of-thrombocytopenia-anasarca-fever-reticulin-fibrosis-renal-failure-and-organomegaly-tafro-syndrome-with-high-serum-procalcitonin-levels-including-the-first-case-complicated-with-adrenal-hemorrhaging
#7
Mizuho Nara, Atsushi Komatsuda, Fumiko Itoh, Hajime Kaga, Masaya Saitoh, Masaru Togashi, Yoshihiro Kameoka, Hideki Wakui, Naoto Takahashi
Thrombocytopenia, Anasarca, Fever, Reticulin fibrosis/Renal failure, and Organomegaly (TAFRO) syndrome is a recently described systemic inflammatory disorder characterized by thrombocytopenia, anasarca, fever, reticulin fibrosis/renal failure, and organomegaly. It has an acute or subacute onset of unknown etiology, although some pathological features resemble those of multicentric Castleman disease. We here report two cases of TAFRO syndrome. The symptoms and pathological findings in these cases met the 2015 diagnostic criteria...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502522/human-herpesvirus-8-related-diseases-histopathologic-diagnosis-and-disease-mechanisms
#8
REVIEW
Matthew Auten, Annette S Kim, Kyle T Bradley, Flavia G Rosado
The emergence of HIV/AIDS more than three decades ago led to an increased incidence of diseases caused by HHV8 co-infection, particularly Kaposi sarcoma, primary effusion lymphoma, and multicentric Castleman disease. Over time, the development of highly effective AIDS therapies has resulted in a decreased incidence of HHV8-associated entities, which are now more commonly found in patients with undiagnosed and/or untreated AIDS. Due to their rarity, some of these diseases may be difficult to recognize without appropriate clinical information...
April 6, 2017: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501028/multicentric-castleman-disease-of-hyaline-vascular-variant-presenting-with-unusual-systemic-manifestations-a-case-report
#9
B M D B Basnayake, A W M Wazil, T Kannangara, N V I Ratnatunga, S Hewamana, A M Ameer
BACKGROUND: Castleman disease is a rare lymphoproliferative disorder presenting with localized or disseminated lymphadenopathy and systemic manifestations. It can be categorized in numerous ways, such as unicentric versus multicentric, histopathological variants (hyaline-vascular, plasma cell, and mixed), or subtypes based on causative viral infections (human immunodeficiency virus, human herpesvirus-8, or Kaposi sarcoma herpesvirus). Presentation ranges from asymptomatic to symptoms involving multiple organs...
May 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491324/giant-parathyroid-adenoma-differential-aspects-compared-to-parathyroid-carcinoma
#10
Marta Araujo Castro, Ainhoa Abad López, Luz Martín Fragueiro, Nuria Palacios García
The 85% of cases of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) are due to parathyroid adenomas (PA) and less than 1% to parathyroid carcinomas (PC). The PA usually measure <2 cm, weigh <1 g and generate a mild PHPT, whereas the PC usually exceeds these dimensions and are associated with a severe PHPT. However, giant PA (GPA), which is defined as those larger than 3 g, has been documented. Those may be associated with very high levels of PTH and calcium. In these cases, their differentiation before and after surgery with PC is very difficult...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486739/-castleman-s-disease-a-case-series-of-a-rare-lymphoproliferative-disease
#11
Ricarda Riepl, Thomas Karl Hoffmann, Jens Greve
Castleman's disease is a very rare and potentially severe lymphoproliferative disorder. First sign may be cervical lymphadenitis, requiring sufficient support in diagnosis and therapy by an ENT specialist. Based on a case series the current manuscript gives an overview of the symptoms, the course of disease and the therapy options. Patients with the first diagnosis of a Castleman's disease at the ENT clinic of Ulm University during the years 2011-2015 were included. The duration of symptoms, the applied diagnostic and therapeutic algorithms were evaluated...
May 9, 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481064/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-the-tumors-of-the-parotid-region-in-pediatrics-cohort
#12
R Oesterreich, J Udaquiola, P Lobos, J Moldes, D Liberto
INTRODUCTION: Parotid tumors are rare in children and usually have multiple differential diagnoses that require different diagnostic and treatment methods. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of all consecutive pediatric patients with parotid tumors that were treated in Pediatric Surgery Service of Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires. RESULTS: Twenty-two patients with parotid tumors were included and 72% (n=16) were female patients...
October 10, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468192/unusual-presentation-of-castleman-disease-in-the-oral-cavity
#13
Eduardo Anitua, Laura Piñas, Mohammad H Alkhraisat
Castleman disease (CD) is a benign lymphoproliferative disease of unknown aetiology that rarely occurs in the head and neck region. Herein, the authors describe a patient of intraoral CD and its management. A 55-year-old female patient attended our clinic because of a 1-year history of a mass in the posterior hard palate region. Clinical and radiographic examination (cone-beam computed tomography scan), fine-needle aspiration, and incisional biopsy were performed. Both radiographic examination and fine-needle aspiration did not reveal relevant findings...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462876/-aa-amyloidosis
#14
Katia Stankovic Stojanovic, Sophie Georgin-Lavialle, Gilles Grateau
AA amyloidosis remains one of the three main types of systemic amyloidosis with AL and ATTR. Its incidence has been however decreasing recently in Western countries. Chronic inflammatory diseases are currently the first cause of AA amyloidosis, including rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthritis and autoinflammatory diseases. Castleman's disease is a specific cause of AA amyloidosis that can be cured by surgery. A chronic inflammatory response is required to develop amyloidosis. Other genetic and environmental factors are also involved...
April 24, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459883/nlrx1-negatively-modulates-type-i-ifn-to-facilitate-kshv-reactivation-from-latency
#15
Zhe Ma, Sharon E Hopcraft, Fan Yang, Alex Petrucelli, Haitao Guo, Jenny P-Y Ting, Dirk P Dittmer, Blossom Damania
Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is a herpesvirus that is linked to Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) and multicentric Castleman's disease (MCD). KSHV establishes persistent latent infection in the human host. KSHV undergoes periods of spontaneous reactivation where it can enter the lytic replication phase of its lifecycle. During KSHV reactivation, host innate immune responses are activated to restrict viral replication. Here, we report that NLRX1, a negative regulator of the type I interferon response, is important for optimal KSHV reactivation from latency...
May 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458319/overlap-of-igg4-related-disease-and-multicentric-castleman-s-disease-in-a-patient-with-skin-lesions
#16
Hiroki Mochizuki, Manako Kato, Takakazu Higuchi, Ryosuke Koyamada, Satoru Arai, Sadamu Okada, Hikaru Eto
A 59-year-old man presented with multiple dark red erythemas with induration, anemia, and polyclonal hypergammaglobulinemia. A skin biopsy revealed the infiltration of lymphocytes and plasma cells and he was initially diagnosed with multicentric Castleman's disease (MCD). Glucocorticoid treatment was only partially effective. Four years later, the patient's bilateral lacrimal glands gradually became enlarged and a biopsy revealed dense lymphocyte and plasma cell infiltration with an IgG4+/IgG+ plasma cell ratio of 70%...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455950/rhadinoviral-interferon-regulatory-factor-homologues
#17
Sandra Koch, Thomas F Schulz
Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV), or human herpesvirus 8 (HHV8) is a gammaherpesvirus and the etiological agent of Kaposi's sarcoma, primary effusion lymphoma and multicentric Castleman disease. The KSHV genome contains genes for a unique group of proteins with homology to cellular interferon regulatory factors, termed viral interferon regulatory factors (vIRFs). This review will give an overview over the oncogenic, antiapoptotic and immunomodulatory characteristics of KSHV and related vIRFs.
April 29, 2017: Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443233/a-case-of-immunoglobulin-g4-related-respiratory-disease-with-multiple-lung-cysts-a-case-report
#18
Hironori Mikumo, Naoki Hamada, Eiji Harada, Toyoshi Yanagihara, Saiko Ogata, Hidetake Yabuuchi, Kayo Ijichi, Koichi Takayama, Yoichi Nakanishi
A 48-year-old man was admitted for evaluation of abnormal shadows on chest radiograph. Chest computed tomography (CT) showed cysts, nodules, and cervical and axillary lymphadenopathies. Elevated serum levels of IgG4 and interleukin (IL)-6 suggested IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) or multicentric Castleman's disease (MCD). Histologic findings of the cervical lymph node and right lung S(6) biopsies revealed numerous IgG4-positive plasma cells. Although CT findings of the lungs were atypical for IgG4-RD, consistent histologic findings, clinical symptoms, and laboratory data made us conclude IgG4-RD...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430817/kaposi-sarcoma-herpesvirus-kshv-latency-associated-nuclear-antigen-lana-recruits-components-of-the-mrn-mre11-rad50-nbs1-repair-complex-to-modulate-an-innate-immune-signaling-pathway-and-viral-latency
#19
Giuseppe Mariggiò, Sandra Koch, Guigen Zhang, Magdalena Weidner-Glunde, Jessica Rückert, Semra Kati, Susann Santag, Thomas F Schulz
Kaposi Sarcoma Herpesvirus (KSHV), a γ2-herpesvirus and class 1 carcinogen, is responsible for at least three human malignancies: Kaposi Sarcoma (KS), Primary Effusion Lymphoma (PEL) and Multicentric Castleman's Disease (MCD). Its major nuclear latency protein, LANA, is indispensable for the maintenance and replication of latent viral DNA in infected cells. Although LANA is mainly a nuclear protein, cytoplasmic isoforms of LANA exist and can act as antagonists of the cytoplasmic DNA sensor, cGAS. Here, we show that cytosolic LANA also recruits members of the MRN (Mre11-Rad50-NBS1) repair complex in the cytosol and thereby inhibits their recently reported role in the sensing of cytoplasmic DNA and activation of the NF-κB pathway...
April 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408420/hiv-multicentric-castleman-rituximab-sans-maintenance
#20
Ariela Noy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2017: Blood
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