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"neonatal critical care"

Mauricio A Escobar, Michael G Caty
Neonatal surgery is recognized as an independent discipline in general surgery, requiring the expertise of pediatric surgeons to optimize outcomes in infants with surgical conditions. Survival following neonatal surgery has improved dramatically in the past 60 years. Improvements in pediatric surgical outcomes are in part attributable to improved understanding of neonatal physiology, specialized pediatric anesthesia, neonatal critical care including sophisticated cardiopulmonary support, utilization of parenteral nutrition and adjustments in fluid management, refinement of surgical technique, and advances in surgical technology including minimally invasive options...
December 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
Ryan J Reichert, M David Gothard, Hamilton P Schwartz, Michael T Bigham
The purpose of this study is to determine the rate of pain assessment in pediatric neonatal critical care transport (PNCCT). The GAMUT database was interrogated for an 18-month period and excluded programs with less than 10% pediatric or neonatal patient contacts and less than 3 months of any metric data reporting during the study period. We hypothesized pain assessment during PNCCT is superior to prehospital pain assessment rates, although inferior to in-hospital rates. Sixty-two programs representing 104,445 patient contacts were analyzed...
November 2016: Air Medical Journal
Mary D Brantley, Nicole L Davis, David A Goodman, William M Callaghan, Wanda D Barfield
BACKGROUND: Perinatal services exist today as a dyad of maternal and neonatal care. When perinatal care is fragmented or unavailable, excess morbidity and mortality may occur in pregnant women and newborns. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to describe spatial relationships between women of reproductive age, individual perinatal subspecialists (maternal-fetal medicine and neonatology), and obstetric and neonatal critical care facilities in the United States to identify gaps in health care access...
October 20, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Yun Cao, Ying Dong, Bo Sun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Chloe Shaw, Elizabeth Stokoe, Katie Gallagher, Narendra Aladangady, Neil Marlow
The article analyses the decision-making process between doctors and parents of babies in neonatal intensive care. In particular, it focuses on cases in which the decision concerns the redirection of care from full intensive care to palliative care at the end of life. Thirty one families were recruited from a neonatal intensive care unit in England and their formal interactions with the doctor recorded. The conversations were transcribed and analysed using conversation analysis. Analysis focused on sequences in which decisions about the redirection of care were initiated and progressed...
November 2016: Sociology of Health & Illness
Naranpurev Mendsaikhan, Tsolmon Begzjav, Ganbold Lundeg, Andreas Brunauer, Martin W Dünser
In Mongolia, a Central Asian lower-middle income country, intensive care medicine is an under-resourced and-developed medical specialty. The burden of critical illness and capacity of intensive care unit (ICU) services in the country is unknown. In this nationwide census, we collected data on adult and pediatric/neonatal ICU capacities and the number of ICU admissions in 2014. All hospitals registered to run an ICU service in Mongolia were surveyed. Data on the availability of an adult and/or pediatric/neonatal ICU service, the number of available ICU beds, the number of available functional mechanical ventilators, the number of patients admitted to the ICU, and the number of patients admitted to the study hospital were collected...
2016: PloS One
Joanne Perkins, Virginia Aguado-Lorenzo, Sara Arenas-Lopez
: The use of standard concentrations of intravenous infusions has been advocated by international organisations to increase intravenous medication safety in paediatric and neonatal critical care. However, there is no guidance on how to identify and implement these infusions leading to great interunit variability. OBJECTIVE: To identify the most appropriate clinical concentrations required by our paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) population with regard to accuracy of delivery and overall fluid allowance...
August 14, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Karen Choong, Mark Duffett, Deborah J Cook, Adrienne G Randolph
OBJECTIVES: Research networks in adult and neonatal critical care have demonstrated collaborative and successful execution of clinical trials. Such networks appear to have been relatively recently established in the field of pediatric critical care. The objective of this study was to evaluate the productivity and impact of randomized controlled trials conducted by pediatric critical care research networks, compared with nonnetwork trials. DATA SOURCES, STUDY SELECTION, AND DATA ABSTRACTION: We searched multiple online databases including MEDLINE, reference lists of randomized controlled trials, and relevant systematic reviews...
September 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Frank Eifinger, Anne Vierzig, Bernhard Roth, Martin Scaal, Friederike Koerber
BACKGROUND: Central venous cannulation is widely used in neonatal critical care. Pericardial tamponade caused by vessel wall perforation can occur if the catheter tip induces extravasation at the level of the pericardium. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the level of the superior pericardial reflection in stillborn babies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We dissected 20 bodies (11 female, mean gestational age 33 6/7 weeks, range 25-43 weeks), with careful opening of the thoracic area...
October 2016: Pediatric Radiology
Sarah Twomey, Christopher Flatley, Sailesh Kumar
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the cerebro-umbilical ratio (CUR), measured at 30-34 weeks, and adverse intrapartum and perinatal outcomes. METHODS: This was a retrospective cross-sectional cohort study of women delivering at the Mater Mothers' Hospital in Brisbane, Australia. Fetal Doppler indices for 1224 singleton pregnancies were correlated with maternal demographics and intrapartum and perinatal outcomes. Only women who attempted vaginal delivery were included in the study...
August 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Marina P Shuvalova, Ekaterina L Yarotskaya, Tatiana V Pismenskaya, Nataliya V Dolgushina, Elena N Baibarina, Gennady T Sukhikh
In this review, we provide basic facts about maternity care services within the health care system in Russia. We give a short overview of such key aspects as the demographic situation, reproductive behaviour, regulatory framework for providing health care for women and children, maternal and perinatal mortality, and the availability of medical personnel. In 2012, Russia began registration of births in accordance with the WHO recommendations (births with weight ≥ 500 g at ≥ 22 weeks' gestation). Introduction of this new registration system increased the completeness and quality of the collected information and expanded possibilities for future international comparative assessments...
October 2015: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Kalpashri Kesavan
Neonatal pain management has evolved dramatically in the past few decades. Evidence is clear that neonates experience pain. Furthermore, we are increasingly aware of the detrimental effects of untreated neonatal pain during a critical period of neuronal maturation. Providing safe and effective pain relief is a primary goal of neonatal critical care specialists to ensure good outcomes. However, there are lingering concerns regarding the harmful effects of sedative-analgesics on the developing brain. Thus, striking a fine balance between effective analgesia and avoiding serious short- and long-term adverse effects from pain medications remains a major challenge for caregivers...
November 2015: Pediatric Annals
Lyvonne N Tume, Erwin Ista, Agnes van den Hoogen, Joke Wielenga, Jos M Latour
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: Nursing in Critical Care
Tara L Sacco, Susan M Ciurzynski, Megan Elizabeth Harvey, Gail L Ingersoll
BACKGROUND: Although critical care nurses gain satisfaction from providing compassionate care to patients and patients' families, the nurses are also at risk for fatigue. The balance between satisfaction and fatigue is considered professional quality of life. OBJECTIVES: To establish the prevalence of compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue in adult, pediatric, and neonatal critical care nurses and to describe potential contributing demographic, unit, and organizational characteristics...
August 2015: Critical Care Nurse
Martha L Rothman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: HERD
Amee M Bigelow, M David Gothard, Hamilton P Schwartz, Michael T Bigham
BACKGROUND: There are nearly 200,000 US infants/children transported annually for specialty care and there are no published best practices in transport intubation. OBJECTIVE: Respiratory interventions are a priority in pediatric and neonatal critical care transport (PNCCT). A recent Delphi study identified intubation performance as an important PNCCT quality metric, though data are insufficient. The objective of the study is to determine multi-center rates of first attempt intubation success in pediatric/neonatal transport and identify practice processes associated with higher performing centers...
July 2015: Prehospital Emergency Care
Cristiana Araújo G Ferreira, Flávia Simphronio Balbino, Maria Magda F G Balieiro, Myriam Aparecida Mandetta
OBJECTIVE: To identify literature evidences related to actions to promote family's presence during cardiopulmonary resuscitation and invasive procedures in children hospitalized in pediatric and neonatal critical care units. DATA SOURCES: Integrative literature review in PubMed, SciELO and Lilacs databases, from 2002 to 2012, with the following inclusion criteria: research article in Medicine, or Nursing, published in Portuguese, English or Spanish, using the keywords "family", "invasive procedures", "cardiopulmonary resuscitation", "health staff", and "Pediatrics"...
March 2014: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
Julia Unterscheider, Keelin O'Donoghue, Sean Daly, Michael P Geary, Mairead M Kennelly, Fionnuala M McAuliffe, Alyson Hunter, John J Morrison, Gerard Burke, Patrick Dicker, Elizabeth C Tully, Fergal D Malone
BACKGROUND: Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is the single largest contributing factor to perinatal mortality in non-anomalous fetuses. Advances in antenatal and neonatal critical care have resulted in a reduction in neonatal deaths over the past decades, while stillbirth rates have remained unchanged. Antenatal detection rates of fetal growth failure are low, and these pregnancies carry a high risk of perinatal death. METHODS: The Prospective Observational Trial to Optimize Paediatric Health in IUGR (PORTO) Study recruited 1,200 ultrasound-dated singleton IUGR pregnancies, defined as EFW <10th centile, between 24+0 and 36+6 weeks gestation...
February 11, 2014: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
A Boet, R Brat, S S Aguilera, P Tissieres, D De Luca
Surfactant is a cornerstone of neonatal critical care for the treatment of respiratory distress syndrome of preterm babies. However, other indications have been studied for various clinical conditions both in term neonates and in children beyond neonatal age. A high degree of evidence is not yet available in some cases and this is due to the complex and not yet totally understood physiopathology of the different types of pediatric and neonatal lung injury. We here summarise the state of the art of the bench and bedside knowledge about surfactant use for the respiratory conditions usually cared for in neonatal and pediatric intensive care units...
December 2014: Minerva Anestesiologica
G R Ditzenberger, L D Wallen, L Phelan, S Escoe, S D Collins
BACKGROUND: Providing adequate nutritional support to promote optimal postnatal growth for very low birth weight (VLBW) infants has been a difficult problem to surmount in the NICU. During the past 4 decades, improvements in neonatal critical care have made it possible for more VLBW infants to survive to discharge from NICUs. The NICHD Neonatal Network reported that while intrauterine growth restriction was present in 22% of VLBW infants at birth, 91% demonstrated postnatal growth restriction by 36 weeks post menstrual age...
January 1, 2013: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
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